Despite the progress of vaccination, the government must take measures to counter the evolution of the epidemic.
While the English variant continues its journey in Europe, the executive must decide on new measures. A re-containment or more likely a curfew advanced everywhere in France? End of the suspense tonight at 6 p.m. In China, no hesitation. Faced with the appearance of a few cases near Beijing, the authorities have locked the region. To get out of this nightmare, the vaccination is gaining new momentum with us and expanding its audience. While waiting for thecollective immunity, the clouds are gathering on theschool. Will the government succeed in keeping it open while the majority of European countries have sent children home?
Camille Lestienne, journalist at Le Figaro
1. Curfew in France, blockade in China
Between confinement and curfew, the heart of the executive swings. More than 23,000 new Covid-19 contaminations have been detected in France in 24 hours while 232 deaths are to be deplored. According to experts interviewed by The Figaro, the English variant should dominate in France in two to three months. “But, in terms of the number of people actually infected, this will depend on compliance with barrier gestures and measures decided to limit its spread ”, warns a researcher. The government will have to make a choice between the different scenarios: status quo, re-containment or, more likely, an extension of the curfew to 6 p.m. at the national level. This decision is expected to be announced this Thursday at 6 p.m. during the traditional press conference of the Prime Minister. A choice more political than epidemiological. “The only measure whose effectiveness is proven is full containment, but it is violent and has very serious implications,” explains an expert. You can understand that the authorities are trying something sweeter. ” For Emmanuel Macron, “in the face of this virus which evolves as living beings evolve“, We must assume changes in strategy”week to week».
Elsewhere, we lock. The English variant is digging its way into Europe. It is a “tsunami” that is hitting the country, in the words of Prime Minister Michael Martin. A “black January”, for Deputy Prime Minister Leo Varadkar. The images are strong as is the resurgence of the epidemic in Ireland. With an infection rate that has quadrupled over the past ten days, the country is on lockdown again as is Portugal re-locked from Friday. On the other side of the globe, China is also mobilizing as the virus reappears in Hebei province near Beijing. Power is sounding the alarm a few weeks before the Chinese New Year. “The stake is political for President Xi Jinping, analyze our correspondent, while the propaganda shows the superiority of the ʺ socialist model with Chinese characteristics ’in the face of the virus.»
The United States is also facing an outbreak of the epidemic with a record 4,500 deaths in 24 hours. From January 26, the presentation of a negative test for Covid-19 will be necessary to travel in the country. But the danger is most often found within borders. Several elected officials announced that they tested positive after being locked up with parliamentarians refusing to wear the mask during the assault on the Capitol.
2. Vaccination is gaining momentum
In France, we vaccinate all the time. The government is putting the turbo on vaccination by opening it to all health professionals over 50 or fragile, as well as home helpers and firefighters. There were 247,000 people vaccinated yesterday, 400,000 should be by the end of the week. Will this be enough to catch up with France’s lag behind other countries? From January 18, people over 75 years of age can also be vaccinated. But how do you make an appointment? Le Figaro explains everything to you. Another challenge: to convince more and more “anti-tax” in France and in all circles. Will they change their minds while elsewhere in Europe criticism is raining on the too slow delivery of vaccines? The orders of vaccine doses pooled by the European Commission are insufficient accuses Germany. The pressure should ease in a few months when other vaccines hit the market. The next is AstraZeneca, which should be authorized by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) on January 29. But doubts remain about its effectiveness in protecting the over 65s.
My intuition is that vaccines will limit the amount of virus produced and the duration of contagiousness.
Odile Launay, Director of the Cochin-Pasteur Clinical Investigation Center in Vaccinology
The vaccination in question. When will vaccination give us herd immunity? Not this year, according to the WHO. In a few months, according to Olivier Véran. But in the face of so much uncertainty, an American study brings us good news. Immunity would be at least eight months for Covid patients. Another question remains: does the vaccine reduce the contagion of the Coronavirus? If the vaccine protects against a severe form of the disease, the virus can eventually travel to the upper respiratory tract and be transmitted. “However, when you don’t get sick, you make fewer viruses for less time. My intuition is therefore that vaccines will limit the amount of virus produced and the duration of contagiousness ”, advances Odile Launay, director of the Cochin-Pasteur clinical investigation center in vaccinology.
3. School threatened, economy infused
The closure of schools or canteens is worrying. The role of children in the spread of the Covid-19 epidemic is still unclear. After being suspected of being important vectors of the disease as with classic influenza, they were finally cleared before the British variant again shed light on the contagiousness of 12-16 year olds. In France, the incidence rate is also increasing among the youngest and the question of the closure of schools is raised again. This prospect is currently dismissed by the government despite pressure from scientists and teachers’ unions. School canteens, where barrier gestures are difficult to apply, are particularly in the eye of the storm. In the event of closure, it would be a real headache for families. In Europe, many countries have already sent children home. The United Kingdom, of course, struggling with a rebound in the epidemic, but also Germany, the Netherlands, Ireland, Scotland and Sweden. A situation that leaves little hope for French students suffering after months of distancing and isolation.
We will continue to support all economic sectors that are suffering for as long as necessary and at the level which will be useful.
Bruno Le Maire, Minister of the Economy, Finance and Recovery
The economy on a drip. « We will continue to support all economic sectors that are suffering for as long as necessary and at the level which will be useful“, Assured the Minister of the Economy, Bruno Le Maire during his vows. Partial unemployment maintained, strong solidarity fund, relaxation of the repayment of loans guaranteed by the State (PGE), essential emergency aid but which will nevertheless one day have to be eliminated. A thorny issue for the government. Despite this support, the city centers of metropolitan areas are withering away with an ever-increasing number of shops being closed. And advancing a 6 p.m. curfew wouldn’t help their business. Hope is now placed in vaccination, in particular for five sectors: air transport, catering, tourism, the oil sector and culture. For the latter, a reassessment of the situation is scheduled for January 20. “Museums and historic monuments could be structures which, as part of stabilizing the epidemic, could be the subject of a supervised reopening», Indicated Roselyne Bachelot.
4. Curfew, instructions for use
Partly deconfined, France is under curfew since December 15. While it is now possible to move around freely during the day, leaving your home is prohibited between 8 p.m. and 6 a.m., under penalty of a fine of 135 euros. In several departments where the virus is circulating more intensely, the curfew is brought forward to 6 p.m.
There are exceptional reasons for which a certificate must be presented.
- Business trips.
- Consultations and care
- Travel for compelling family reasons.
- Travel for people with disabilities and their companions.
- Judicial or administrative summons.
- Participation in missions of general interest
- Travel related to transit
- Short trips for the needs of pets.
5. Reflexes to keep
A few simple actions can limit the spread of the virus. Here they are :
- Wash your hands every hour or use hydroalcoholic gel
- Cough or sneeze into the crease of your elbow
- Use disposable tissues
- Avoid kissing or shaking hands
- Wear a mask in public spaces when respect for physical distances is not guaranteed.
Covid-19 is transmitted through droplets (respiratory secretions), by close contact with an infected person, especially when the latter coughs or sneezes. But it can also be transmitted through the air. The virus also remains viable for a few hours on different surfaces.
The disease manifests itself in several symptoms. In 9 out of 10 cases, this results in a fever below 39 ° C. According to the World Health Organization, this fever is most often accompanied by fatigue, signs of shortness of breath and a dry cough. Often a loss of smell and taste.
6. What to do in case of symptoms?
The most important thing is to get tested. According to the recommendations of the Ministry of Health, you should, in case of symptoms, stay at home and contact your doctor who will order a test. While waiting for the result, you must isolate yourself, wear a mask and prepare a list of people you could have infected.
If the test is positive, the Primary Health Insurance Fund will contact people likely to be infected. You must then remain isolated for at least 8 days, taking care not to infect your loved ones. Watch your health. In case of fever, take paracetamol. If necessary, schedule a follow-up remote consultation with your doctor. If you feel that you are having difficulty breathing, call 15.
If the test is negative, contact your doctor and follow his instructions.
See you next week.