Rebellion on the stage (daily newspaper Junge Welt)

Postcard, Verlag H. Leiser, source: DT archive

A woman with many talents: Gertrud Eysoldt

Many are familiar with the Gertrud-Eysoldt-Ring, one of the most important awards for theater professionals in German-speaking countries – the list of prizewinners reads like a “who’s who” of the performing arts. But only a few know anything about the life and work of the eponym, the theater legend Gertrud Eysoldt. The woman, who was born in Pirna on November 30, 1870, knew early on what she wanted, namely to go to the stage. Through her masterly performed female characters, she earned the title of “first feminist in German theater,” as her roles were a protest against the social oppression of women.

Eysoldt was not only an actress, but also a director, artistic director and teacher. Her acting skills were certified as having a »power of intellect«, a »naturalness of expression« as well as an enormous ability to express: »Often it is just a movement, an expression of her face, through which she achieves an extraordinary effect«, according to the dramaturge Felix Hollaender. one of her admirers.

Noticed as a page

After studying at the Royal Bavarian Music School, Gertrud Eysoldt began her stage career as an apprentice at the Munich Court Theater. There she stood out in the role of a page from Shakespeare’s “Henry IV”. She came to Berlin at the turn of the century via the Meiningen court theater and the city theaters in Riga and Stuttgart, where she developed artistically from the “naive sentimental” to the character mime. Here, under the directorship of Max Reinhardt, she developed a range of her acting skills, ranging from Gerhart Hauptmann’s »Hannele« to »Elektra« by Sophocles and showing the diversity of her creative abilities. She did not allow herself to be locked into a certain role, even though the directors preferred her for “problematic” women.

The characters for whom Gertrud Eysoldt was “the ideal actress” included Oscar Wilde’s “Salome” – Lovis Corinth painted her in this role -, Frank Wedekind’s “Lulu” and August Strindberg’s “Fräulein Julie”. In all of these pieces she played the modern woman who has her “whims and nerves”. She is said to have been characterized by a “nervous eroticism”. With the vibrations of her voice alone, she knew how to be a virtuoso performer. The critic Alfred Kerr once wrote that it could make the depraved, the strange, the grotesque, the eccentric as well as the careless and cheerful more convincingly than anyone else. The theater enthusiast John Höxter also raved about her in his poem “Devotion to St. Gertrude”: “Holy Gertrude! Speak for us! / You refuge of sinners, loving ones / Lulu, speak for us! (…) / You comforter of the afflicted / cheerful puck, play for us! “

Legendary as Puck

Eysoldt’s Puck from Shakespeare’s Midsummer Night’s Dream, one of her most famous roles, was for Thomas Mann “the rebirth of theater from the spirit of the theater”. Never before has anything like it been played on stage. Gertrud Eysoldt shows the puck not as an elf, but as a tough goblin. She exchanged letters about poetry and acting with Hugo von Hofmannsthal – and he wrote scenes especially for her. Rainer Maria Rilke was the godfather of her son Peter, born in 1910 from his marriage to Benno Berneis.

Eysoldt not only shone in her star roles, but also in her art of lecturing. Posthumously she let the Vormärz poets Georg Herwegh and Ferdinand Freiligrath have their say, preferred reading Clemens Brentano, Novalis and Leonid Andrejew, whereby, as contemporaries wrote, she created a nuanced painting of the soul. Eysoldt organized lecture evenings for the German Pacifist Student Union, the German Women’s Club and the Berlin Workers’ Youth Day. Together with Tilla Durieux, she supported the workers’ welfare as and wherever she could and was involved in artist aid for starving Russia, which years later thanked us with a reception at the Russian embassy in Berlin for the annual celebration of the revolution, with Alexandra Kollontai at its center was standing.

Eysoldt protested against the intolerable interference of the judiciary in the freedom of art in a league with many artists at a meeting of intellectual workers in 1925. She vehemently criticized the violent measures of the public prosecutor’s office against the writers Berta Lask, whose book Thomas Münzer was confiscated, and Johannes R. Becher, who was prosecuted for subversive sentiments. In the mask of Rosa Luxemburg, she took a stand against the death penalty and read from Max Hoelz’s prison letters at a matinee on the Piscator stage.

In recognition of her performance skills, Gertrud Eysoldt was awarded the title of Honorary Member of the German Theater by Max Reinhardt on her 60th birthday. She herself said that no other profession is so tempting for women as that of actress, because here it could be quite true.

When the fascists came to power and Reinhardt had to leave Germany, she withdrew from the theater. Almost forgotten during her lifetime, Gertrud Eysoldt died in Ohlstadt in 1955. Her grave is in the Dorotheenstädtischer Friedhof in Berlin.

.

»Our planet is broken!« (Neue-deutschland.de)

It burns, it burns – but there are no lights on the Advent wreath that bring light into the darkness, but forest fires that allow a real-time view of the climate catastrophe that is taking place. It is currently burning again in Australia, in California in the USA (picture) or in Brazil. The whole year it burned above average – also in Germany. For example, Thuringia and North Rhine-Westphalia reported more forest fires than usual for 2020. It is already clear that this year will be one of the three hottest on record in 1850. “Unfortunately 2020 was another extraordinary year for our climate,” said the Secretary General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Petteri Taalas, on Wednesday at the presentation of the preliminary annual report on the state of the world climate.

From January to October, the average temperature worldwide was around 1.2 degrees Celsius higher than in the pre-industrial comparison period from 1850 to 1900, according to the WMO report. The years 2011 to 2020, with their ever new temperature records, are the hottest decade on record. Many countries and the United Nations (UN) are striving to limit the rise in global temperature to 1.5 degrees. Before the UN climate summit on December 12th, UN Secretary General Guterres called on mankind to put an end to their “war against nature”. You should commit to ending greenhouse gas emissions, he said in a speech at New York’s Columbia University on Wednesday. He accused the global community of a “suicidal” failure in combating global warming and called for the time after the corona pandemic to be used as an opportunity. The reconstruction phase and the restoration of our planet should be two sides of the same coin: “Our planet is broken!”

Guterres called for a new approach to be taken at the climate summit on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the Paris climate protection agreement. »Biodiversity is collapsing. One million species are threatened with extinction. Ecosystems are disappearing before our eyes. Deserts are spreading. Wetlands are being lost. «Air and water pollution also kill nine million people every year. Combating the climate crisis must therefore become the top priority of the 21st century, said Guterres. back

Refugees in Germany: Eritreans are calling for family reunification

The war in Ethiopia increases the danger for Eritrean refugees there. Pro Asyl calls for an end to the German “inhumane visa practice”.

Demonstration of Eritrean refugees for the right to family reunification in Berlin Foto: Florian Boillot

BERLIN taz | “Visa instead of boats. Life instead of death ”is written on a poster that Eritrean refugees hold up in front of the Foreign Office. For two days and two cold nights, around 40 Eritrean refugees hold a permanent vigil in front of the Federal Foreign Office in the middle of the corona pandemic. They demand the entry of their relatives.

Mostly it is men who made it to Germany, were granted asylum here and then applied for family reunification. Their wives and children remain in neighboring countries in Africa, mostly in Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya and Uganda.

You do have a legal right to family reunification, but the German diplomatic missions abroad keep putting it off. You have to wait a year for an appointment to apply for family reunification. Then there are always bureaucratic hurdles. Most of the time, the German diplomats are not satisfied with the documents proving the family ties that Eritreans have. This is due to the fact that in Eritrea marriages and births are usually only officially certified and, according to the Federal Government’s response to a request from the left, German diplomats are not qualified to check these church documents for authenticity.

The situation is exacerbated by the civil war in Eritrea’s neighboring country, Ethiopia. Because for the vast majority of Eritrean women and children, the civil war province of Tigray, which borders on Eritrea, is a place of refuge. They are now particularly at risk, and that is why their men are putting pressure on the Foreign Office.

Conscripts as cannon fodder

Martina Mauer from the Berlin Refugee Council reports from MK, an affected person from Burscheid in North Rhine-Westphalia, who cannot attend the vigil for health reasons: “He has lived here since 2017 and received asylum three months after entering the country. While he was waiting for his wife and daughters to join them at the age of six and twelve, his wife fell ill and died in 2019. “Since then, the daughters have lived alone in the refugee camp in Tigray.

“Occasionally an uncle comes to camp. At the moment, Mr. MK cannot call his daughters because there is no connection. ”According to Martina Mauer, after several worried weeks, a telephone contact with another camp resident who had to walk into the mountains to have a telephone network would finally have been established. “The man was able to find out that his daughters are still living in the camp and are unharmed.” The date for the family reunification was actually October 2020, said Mauer. But that did not take place because of Corona.

The organization Pro Asyl and the national refugee councils support the demands of the Eritreans. “We call for the inhumane visa practice in the German diplomatic missions to be changed immediately and to ensure that the relatives of Eritrean refugees waiting for family reunification can enter the country quickly,” said a statement. “To do this, the procedures have to be made less bureaucratic and accelerated, and alternative evidence of identity and family ties must be recognized. This is particularly true, but not only for the people affected by the civil war in Ethiopia. “

In the meantime, the federal government replied to a question from MP Ulla Jelpke (Left) that it did not want to change the requirements for family reunification from Eritrea.

Around 40,000 Eritrean citizens live in Germany. Around 1,100 of them have come together in the “Eritrea family reunification” initiative. But many others are also concerned about their parents and siblings, for whom there is no right to family reunification, because of the Ethiopian civil war. The dictatorship in Eritrea supports the Ethiopian central government against the independence movements of the Tigray province.

Eritrean Berliners like Freweney Habtemariam from the Berlin-based association Eridac e. V. report that Eritrean conscripts had to support the Ethiopian central government as cannon fodder when they marched into the province of Tigray and that Eritrean refugees from Tigray were kidnapped back to Eritrea. That is not confirmed. However, several cannon impacts in Eritrea have been confirmed.

.

New Porsche sales centers: Dortmund as a global blueprint

Salesroom of the new center

Up to 30 vehicles can be exhibited at the Dortmund location.

(Photo: Porsche)

Dortmund As a thank you for the new Porsche Center at Dortmund Airport, the municipality gives you the right street name for it: As if it were a matter of course, the dealership is on Carrera Street, which is also new. It is a clear reference to the 911, the most important and best-known model of the Stuttgart sports car manufacturer. The massive but also transparent new building cost 19 million euros – an important investment in the Dortmund suburbs.

The new distribution center at Dortmund Airport is the beginning of a realignment in this area. Step by step, Porsche intends to convert more than 900 dealerships around the world to the new “Destination Porsche” sales concept over the next ten years. After a pilot operation in Palm Springs, California was initially well received by customers, the Stuttgart-based Volkswagen subsidiary decided to spread the concept around the world.

“The focus is on people, the Porsche Center will become a space of communication and inspiration,” said Sales Director Detlev von Platen at the opening of the sales and workshop center in the Ruhr metropolis. The sports car manufacturer wants to address new customer groups with a transparent and open-minded architectural concept.

There should be no inhibitions if a potential customer wants to enter a Porsche factory today, continues von Platen. That is why the entrance area of ​​the new location is already generous, allowing a panoramic view of the entire building right through to the workshops. The Dortmund Porsche branch is owned by the medium-sized Hülpert auto trading group, which owns a number of workshops and dealerships in the eastern Ruhr area.

Eight out of ten Porsche customers in Germany are men, the average age is well over 50 – from the point of view of the people of Stuttgart that should change. In other countries, such as China, the brand was able to attract additional customer groups much earlier. “With the new Porsche Center, we want to address younger people and women,” announced von Platen.

The Porsche brand should also adapt in other areas. “Just don’t be arrogant,” emphasized the sales director. “It’s about being personable.” Meanwhile, there is still something elitist about Porsche. Although the Stuttgart-based company does not want to become a volume manufacturer based on the model of the parent company Volkswagen, the customer base should be a bit broader in the future. But: “There won’t be a small city car from Porsche,” said von Platen. Other manufacturers could do better.

Transparency is to be taken literally in the new building. According to the new Porsche concept, there are open workshops, so customers can see immediately how work is being done on their vehicles. “We want to show how our technicians care for the car,” says von Platen.

Porsche Center Dortmund

Porsche wants to address additional customer groups with its new distribution centers. The first of these centers was set up in Dortmund.

(Photo: Porsche)

That creates a closer bond between customers and Porsche. From an in-house perspective, however, there is another important aspect: the workshops stay clean. The employees of the Porsche Center have to pay more attention to cleanliness because the customers can watch them all the time.

The Porsche Center in Dortmund has so far sold around 600 new cars a year. More than 30 cars can now be exhibited in the open showrooms. This makes Dortmund one of the larger sales locations in Germany. The new “Destination Porsche” concept is also to be implemented at smaller locations. The new sales concept was designed in a modular manner and can be varied depending on the size.

Porsche wants to achieve closer communication with its own customers in other ways. This includes a newly created event area. In the future, a Porsche center can be used by other companies for meetings or conferences. During the breaks, participants can view the Porsche on display – and possibly buy them later.

Due to the corona pandemic, this business is subject to a compulsory break. Porsche hopes that this will change in the coming year when the potential danger of the virus subsides after the vaccinations start.

Meanwhile, the importance of electric cars is growing rapidly in everyday Porsche life. Fast-charging stations are being built in the parking lots at Dortmund Airport and all other sales locations. The number of electric models presented in the exhibition rooms will increase. With the Taycan, Porsche is currently offering a first fully electric model, plus a range of plug-in hybrids.

In 2022, the new Macan is expected to be the second fully electric car. For a workshop like the one in Dortmund, this means additional investments: It must be possible to repair both combustion models and new electric vehicles on the lifting platforms. Employees are also trained as high-voltage technicians.

graphic

Porsche does not expect the new e-models to completely replace conventional combustion engines in a short time. Even in the workshop business, not everything is likely to change anytime soon, things like the lucrative oil change will remain with the dealers. The fairly high inventory of used cars at Porsche ensures that. On average, the cars have a longer service life than vehicles from most other manufacturers – and accordingly have to take longer to be serviced in the workshop.

The number of newly sold e-models will continue to increase significantly not only at Porsche in the coming year. The Association of International Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (VDIK) expects 500,000 to 600,000 e-cars, fully electric models and plug-in hybrids to be sold together in 2021.

“Despite the corona pandemic, the breakthrough in electromobility has been achieved,” said VDIK President Reinhard Zirpel in a press conference on Thursday. How strong the growth is is also shown by the forecasts for current sales: In 2020, 350,000 electric cars are expected to be sold in Germany, which corresponds to an increase of around 200 percent compared to the previous year.

After the turn of the year, Porsche continues to set up new distribution centers based on the Dortmund model. One of the next major projects is the new Stuttgart Porsche Center, which is expected to open in 2022.

More: “We have to remain the world’s innovation leader,” says Porsche boss Oliver Blume.

.

After Hamilton’s corona infection: Russell on his commitment

Lewis Hamilton’s substitute George Russell can still hardly believe his unexpected promotion to the Formula 1 Mercedes. “It means a lot to me that Mercedes gave me this chance. So much had to happen in such a short time. That they were ready to do that makes me very proud, ”said the Briton on Thursday before the penultimate round of the season in Bahrain. The 22-year-old replaces world champion Hamilton at least on Sunday at the race in Sakhir because the superstar is out due to a corona infection.

Hamilton had tested positive on Monday and therefore had to go into a ten-day quarantine. After some negotiations, the Williams team released its regular driver Russell. The young pilot comes from the Mercedes junior program. “It’s been an intense 48 hours,” said Russell. Mercedes team boss Toto Wolff called him on Tuesday morning at 2 a.m. After that, a new helmet and racing suit had to be flown in for Russell.

It’s been a crazy year for Russell

“Fairy tale is the wrong word for it. That was not how I had imagined my first experience in a Mercedes racing car, ”said Russell. It was a crazy year, he added. He wrote a message of encouragement to Hamilton, but has not heard from him since. “I am sure it will be a tough time for him. We have a good relationship and I’m sure we’ll talk to each other over the weekend, ”said Russell.

It is still unclear whether Hamilton can return in a week in Abu Dhabi in time for the season finale. For Russell, 25-year-old Briton Jack Aitken will make his Formula 1 debut at the Williams in Sakhir.

.

Picture book – King, come follow me – Culture

He is the king of the “land of small miracles”, ten-year-old Sevi, who stands on the tower of his castle and looks at the star that seems to call out: “Come and follow me, King. Hurry, hurry up.” When his astrologer tells him of the prophecy that this star will lead him to a mighty king, the boy sets off alone.

Is the Christian legend of the “Holy Three Kings”, a popular Christmas theme in children’s books, being retold here? Are the bright colors on the first pages the signal for a contemplative, happy variation of the story? The illustrations explode in a colorful frenzy when the little king meets a wild, lively entourage of people and animals on his way, led by three kings on horseback. Sevi’s call, “Wait a minute! I want to see the great king too,” they don’t seem to hear.

So he follows in their footsteps and suddenly the mood changes, an old woman on the roadside complains that the entourage of the three kings has used up the water supplies, the fruit has been stolen from another man, the village is in danger of starvation. Now Sevi works wonders with his children’s toys, originally intended as a gift, to save those affected, including children. The pictures follow what is happening, they only find their way back to their colourfulness when everyone is helped. And how is the little king, who has used all his belongings, in this Christmas story? He is found by the Holy Family while lying penniless in the snow on the road. Even without presents, he makes the newborn king happy, he can suck his thumb. (from 4 years)

Jan De Leeuw: The little king follows the star. With illustrations by Mattias De Leeuw. From the Dutch by Rolf Erdorf. Gerstenberg Verlag, 2020. 40 pages, 13 euros.

.

Terrorism: France’s interior minister wants to control mosques – politics

France’s Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin has announced a “massive and unprecedented action against separatism” for the next few days. On Darmanin’s instructions, 76 mosques across France are to be examined by the authorities. In an interview with the Figaro Darmanin had previously said that “places where war has been declared on the republic can be identified”. 18 mosques could be closed.

At the end of November, the Pantin mosque, in the north of Paris, was closed for six months because its rector is accused of “incomprehensible negligence”. The video was distributed on the mosque’s Facebook account, in which the history teacher Samuel Paty was described as a “boob” against whom action had to be taken because he had shown caricatures of Mohammed to students.

In the comments below, a user shared the name of Paty’s school. A week later, Paty was killed by an 18-year-old who was searching the net for victims of an Islamist attack.

France is knocked out of a new wave of Islamist attacks

nfronted

France has been in front of the former editorial offices of the satirical magazine since mid-September after an attack Charlie Hebdo, faced a new wave of Islamist attacks following the murder of the history teacher Samuel Paty and the murder of three Christians in a church in Nice. Since 2015, 260 people have been killed in France by terrorists invoking radical Islam.

Both Interior Minister Darmanin and France’s President Emmanuel Macron announced tougher action against Islamist networks after the recent attacks. You are “at war”, said Darmanin, but “not against a religion, but against the Islamist ideology.”

On December 9th, a new law to “strengthen republican principles” is to be presented in the Council of Ministers, behind which Macron’s attempt to regulate the anchoring of Islam in French society is hidden. Among other things, the financing of mosques is to be controlled more closely and a homeschooling ban introduced, with which 50,000 children from radicalized milieus are to be brought back to state schools. The proposal also provides for an expansion of imam training and Arabic teaching in schools.

Critics accuse the government of exposing Muslims to general suspicion through the law. Among others, however, the rector of the Great Mosque of Paris defends the initiative, since Islamism threatens the Muslims of France.

Since the French Constitution forbids recording citizens’ religious affiliation, the number of Muslims in the country can only be estimated. It is believed to be between five and six million, making Islam the second largest religion in the country after Catholicism. There are 2500 mosques.

.

Lotto in South Africa: 5,6,7,8,9,10 – Panorama

How the numbers 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 were drawn in the South African lottery.

(Foto: Becker & Bredel)

Let’s talk about money. You can earn that through honest work (exhausting), you can squeeze off a few million through a dubious third-party business in Asia (nobody notices for a few years, but is highly criminal). Or you can win the lottery.

An example from South Africa. The numbers 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 were drawn there this week, plus the power ball with the number 10. On Twitter they sensed a shift, but everything was correct. The right combination was typed 20 times, profit: 5.7 million rand, the equivalent of 305,000 euros. And 79 times there were five correct numbers without a power ball, winning: just 350 euros.

Unhappiness in happiness, the layman might say. But mathematically it is like this: All combinations are equally likely. But some are typed more often. Number series, for example. Or numbers that form a cross on the lottery ticket. Or the birthday numbers 1 to 31.

The South African lottery is a 5-out-of-50 drawing, plus the right power ball from 1 to 20. So the probability is quickly calculated. 1 divided by parentheses to 50 over 5 times 20 over 1 parenthesis, easy. Equals: 1 divided by square brackets to 50 factorial divided by brackets to 5 factorial times 45 factorial brackets to times 20 factorial divided by brackets to 1 factorial times 19 factorial brackets to, square brackets to. Nothing easier than that. Chance of the main prize: 1 in 42 million. And yes, as we know from The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, 42 is the answer to all questions anyway.

.

Against “lateral thinkers” on the street

At a demonstration on November 15 in Düsseldorf

The alliance “Düsseldorf stands across” is organizing a rally against “lateral thinking” on Sunday, as it announced on Thursday:

On December 6th, starting at 12.30 p.m., the alliance “Düsseldorf is standing across” (DSSQ) calls for protests against the “thinking outside the box”. In addition to conspiracy ideologues, “lateral thinking” also expects a large number of right-wing hooligans and organized neo-Nazis. By registering for various rallies in the inner city area, the “lateral thinkers” will try to hold demonstrations between these rallies.
At the DSSQ rally, together with representatives of the Düsseldorf Appeal, churches, trade unions, artists, and hospital and care alliances, a critical focus will be placed on the current corona policy and the various facets of its consequences will be examined. “Broad social protest against the lateral thinking movement is necessary because it is a lack of responsibility and right-wing ideas are spreading,” says Dominican Father Wolfgang, who supports the cause of DSSQ. Christof Seeger-Zurmühlen, head of the public stage at the Schauspielhaus, also takes part in the rally and adds: »The closings of cultural institutions due to Corona are an enormous burden for artists in many ways. A critical reflection with the current corona regulations is essential at this time, but never justifies solidarity with the extreme right, as happens with the lateral thinking movement. “

The alliance »Enlightenment instead of conspiracy ideologies« calls for December 12th under the motto »Solidarity through the crisis! Defend the right to health – against lateral thinking and Corona! «And declared on Thursday:

The reason for the protests is the nationwide mobilization of the right-wing and ideological conspiracy alliance »lateral thinking« for a demonstration in Frankfurt am Main. Under the cover of criticism of the corona-related measures, the alliance wants to spread hatred, agitation and anti-Semitism again. (…) »There are a lot of good reasons to demonstrate against the state policy in the corona pandemic. However, anyone who takes this as an opportunity to take untruths onto the streets with Nazis and their like will only make things worse. In the face of the worsening situation, to rant about a global conspiracy or even about the denial of the virus in an anti-Semitic manner, stirs up hatred and fears. We will actively stand in the way and lateral thinking will take the wind out of the sails «, says Timo Brym, press spokesman for the alliance.
The aim of the protests should not only be to prevent the march of lateral thinkers, it should also be made clear that criticism of the politics of the federal government is necessary and possible from a solidarity and social perspective. “The pandemic works like a fire accelerator, with which all the problems that were there before are kindled into wildfire. While large companies are subsidized by the state, hundreds of thousands of us wage earners have lost our jobs through downsizing. (…) «

.