Donald Trump appoints climate skeptic at Ocean and Atmosphere Agency

Donald Trump has placed a new climate skeptic in an administration that funds a lot of environmental research. David Legates, a professor of climatology at the University of Delaware who does not attribute the warming of the Earth to the combustion of fossil fuels, has become an official of NOAA, the administration in charge of the ocean and the atmosphere. If he does not become the director general either, the revelation of this appointment last weekend by the public radio station NPR has provoked a new outcry against the environmental policies of the President of the United States.

David Legates. The Heartland Institute

The appointment of David Legates comes, in the midst of the campaign for the election of the President of the United States, at a time when California and Oregon are suffering the most important forest fires since 1987. And Donald Trump assures us that these disasters have not nothing to do with climate change …

A “Appointment that undermines the scientific integrity of NOAA” , the American Geophysical Union

The American Geophysical Union (AGU), a powerful learned society that chaperones, among other things, climatology, deplored an appointment whose “consequences will be felt around the world». Car «with climate change causing wildfires in the western United States and devastating hurricanes in the Atlantic, our nation – and the world – cannot afford for our federal government to undermine the important work of climate scientists. The Legates appointment not only threatens our ability to fight the climate crisis and protect our planet for future generations, it undermines the scientific integrity of NOAALaments the AGU. Scientists are thus calling for therevocation» de David Legates.

In the meantime, the scientist becomes the assistant of Neil Jacobs, who was notably in charge of airborne measurements at the World Meteorological Organization, and who oversees strategic research directions and annual investments of over 5.5 billion dollars.

Links with the oil industry

David Legates is linked to the interests of the oil lobby in the United States. In 2011, he had had to give up his role as chief climatologist for the State of Delaware, under pressure from the Democratic governor, because he had doubted the impact of fossil fuels, in particular in the rise in sea levels, Washington Post reports. Additionally, the scientist is linked to the Heartland Institute, a think tank funded by the oil industry. The “think tank” vigorously attacked the NPR article. The latter calls into question the skills of its author, qualified as“Ignorant journalist, funded by taxpayers, who ignores the scientific method” and who confuses “Science and dogma”.

The position to which David Legates has been appointed does not require the approval of the United States Senate, as is the case with some key positions in several administrations.

In 2017, the senators had for example retested the appointment of Andrew Wheeler, at the head of the EPA (US Agency for Environmental Protection). But his appointment was finally accepted a year later thanks to the support of senators from the Democratic Party, as deputy director and then director general in 2019. The latter, “lobbyistFor the coal industry, he and his predecessor Scott Pruitt had helped unravel the Obama administration’s air quality law.

.

Trump visits western fire areas: “It will get colder again”

The US president again denies climate change. He blames Democratic Party politicians for the fires on the west coast.

Firefighters fighting fires in Plumas National Forest, California Photo: Noah Berger / ap

WASHINGTON taz | An orange-red sky, burned-out ruined houses and completely destroyed towns: these images have been around the world in recent weeks. They illustrate the devastating effects of the forest fires that have raged in the western United States for almost a month.

Strong winds and extreme temperatures keep heating the flames and make the work of the fire fighters more difficult. So far, the fires have killed at least 35 people. Tens of thousands of people were evacuated.

President Donald Trump traveled to California on Monday, September 14, to find out about the forest fire situation in the most populous state in the country. In a discussion with local emergency services, the heads of various California authorities and California Governor Gavin Newsom, Trump made one thing clear: He does not believe that the life-threatening forest fires are due to climate change. He firmly rejected any remark to the contrary.

“I honestly don’t think science knows,” said the President during an exchange with Wade Crawfoot, California’s Secretary of State for Natural Resources, about the effects of climate change. “It will get colder again, you will see,” said Trump.

Trump contradicts science

With this statement, he not only contradicted the current state of scientific research, but again made it clear that climate protection measures are not of great importance in his government. The US withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement and the lowering of benchmarks in the areas of air and water quality are just a few examples.

Trump suspects that neglected forestry in particular could have led to the outbreak of the fires. According to him, this would have turned the forest floor into an explosive mixture of leaves and branches that could ignite at any time.

For the Democratic governors in Washington, Oregon and California, however, there is no doubt that there is a link between climate change and the serious forest fires this year.

“It’s a wake-up call for all of us that we must do everything possible to stand up to climate change,” said Kate Brown, governor of the state of Oregon, in an interview on CBS’s “Face the Nation” on Sunday. Washington Governor Jay Inslee called it unbearable “that we have a president who denies climate change”.

Forest fires are not new to any western US state. Every year they cause billions in damage. However, what has changed significantly in recent years is the size, intensity and speed of the infernos.

Biden calls Trump a “climate arsonist”

For the presidential elections on November 3, the topics of forest fires and climate change have increasingly been included in the election campaign of the two candidates over the past few days. Trump’s Democratic challenger Joe Biden characterized the president as a “climate arsonist” because of his skepticism about scientific findings in climate research.

“Donald Trump warns that immigration will threaten our suburbs. That’s ridiculous, “Biden said during a press conference on Monday. “Do you know what really threatens our suburbs? Forest fires burn the suburbs to the west. Floods are wiping out suburban areas in the Midwest. Cyclones endanger suburban life on our coasts ”.

Trump and Biden will face each other in the first of three television debates at the end of the month. The issues of coronavirus, racism, security and climate change are likely to play an important role. When he won the election in 2016, Trump promised to revive the coal industry. He has not yet succeeded in doing this.

Air quality deterioration on the west coast

The ongoing forest fires are also affecting the major metropolitan areas along the US west coast. Seattle, Portland, and San Francisco residents complain of dry coughs and watery eyes. The reason is the increasing concentration of smoke and ash particles in the air, which has led to deterioration in air quality in much of California, Oregon, and Washington. This is particularly problematic for people with existing respiratory diseases as well as with Covid-19.

Andrew Phelps, Director of Disaster Management in Oregon, highlighted the danger that the wildfires continue to pose: “We know we will find deaths in the flames, and given the current situation and the number of buildings destroyed, we expect a high one Death toll. “

.

Smoke from US West Coast Fires Arrives in Europe

The fires that have ravaged the west coast of the United States for several weeks are so intense that smoke has already reached Europe, a person responsible for the European Earth Observation Program “Copernicus” revealed on Wednesday.

Since its satellite observations began in 2003, the European service has never recorded data with the magnitude of these “unprecedented” fires, which are, according to the organization, “hundreds of times more intense” than the average.

The fires have already released unprecedented amounts of carbon into the atmosphere and smoke, particularly dense, has crossed the entire country and the Atlantic.

“The fact that these fires emit so much pollution into the atmosphere that we can see thin layers of smoke 8,000 kilometers away reflects how devastating they are in size and duration,” said Mark Parrington, scientist at the Copernicus Atmospheric Monitoring Service.

Most of the smoke is still concentrated on the west coast of the United States, where the air quality of major cities in the state of California, such as Los Angeles, San Francisco, Portland and Oregon, is currently among the worst in the world. .

More than 17,000 firefighters have been fighting the flames since mid-August in California alone, the state most affected with about 25 major ignitions.

Fires on the American West Coast have already killed, according to France-Presse, at least 30 people in the states of California and Oregon, which account for more than two million hectares of burnt area and where tens of thousands of people have had to abandon their houses, many of them destroyed by the flames.

.

Forest fires in the western United States: gloomy prospects before Trump visit – panorama

The western United States is experiencing a fire season of historic proportions. The interim balance according to the US media: at least 35 dead and dozens of people missing, tens of thousands of people on the run, more than 30,000 firefighters and helpers on duty. According to the provisional balance sheet by the authorities, 19,000 square kilometers of land have already been charred – this roughly corresponds to the area of ​​Rhineland-Palatinate. In California, US President Donald Trump wants to get a personal picture of the situation on Monday for the first time since the fires started three weeks ago and take part in a meeting with emergency services.

The US weather agency has issued warnings for several areas on the west coast. Strong winds and high temperatures could fuel the flames further, it said. A little more humid air in the coming days, on the other hand, could help contain the fire.

In California, 24 people have died as a result of the fires since the first fire broke out in mid-August, and ten victims have also been reported from Oregon. One victim has so far been confirmed in the northern neighboring state of Washington. Local authorities fear more deaths.

Data from the fire fighting agencies show that around 100 major fires are currently raging, especially in the three West Coast states. Rural and wooded areas are particularly affected. But millions of people in major cities – including Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle and Portland – are also feeling the effects. Because there too the smoke worsens the air quality dramatically. According to information from the IQAir website, the four US metropolises are among the top ten cities with the world’s most serious air pollution. Portland comes first.

For days, smoke has covered the sky over parts of the US West, sometimes turning it reddish. People report ash flakes. On Sunday, huge clouds of smoke made it difficult to extinguish the fire, especially in the northwest. The Oregon environmental authorities had labeled the air quality at dozens of monitoring stations in the state as “hazardous to health” or “very unhealthy,” the two worst of six warning levels.

In Oregon, the small town of Detroit – not to be confused with the big city of Detroit in Michigan – almost completely fell victim to the flames, reported the broadcaster CNN. There were only about two dozen buildings left there. Several local firefighters have lost their own homes and are now fighting to protect the houses that are still standing. Local resident Elizabeth Smith told the broadcaster that her house had been completely destroyed. “It looks like a bomb has exploded.” Local authorities expect several forest fires in the state to continue through winter.

In California, too, the fire brigade is expecting further critical fires this week in view of the weather conditions. There, the current forest fire season, which will probably continue for weeks, is already the worst on record.

“This is a wake-up call that we have to do everything we can to fight climate change,” said Oregon’s Governor Kate Brown on Sunday at CBS. Scientists consider it certain that the climate crisis will exacerbate weather extremes that contribute to more violent forest fires. Trump had repeatedly rejected this.

.

Oregon health experts warn of inhalation of fire-polluted air

Air quality index by color.PNG

STATE LEVEL, Pray. – The easterly winds have carried smoke from the fires in Washington state and across Oregon, causing poor air quality and danger to those who breathe in the fire particles.

“There are very small particles in wildfire smoke that can go deep into the lungs and can particularly affect sensitive populations,” said Gabriela Goldfarb, manager of environmental services for the Oregon Health Authority (OHA). in English).

Older people, children, pregnant women and people who suffer from cardiovascular or respiratory diseases (such as asthma) are the most susceptible to these conditions.

Although the state of Oregon and Washington already have a requirement to wear face masks due to the coronavirus pandemic, the OHA expert assured that such masks unfortunately do not work so as not to inhale the smoke particles.

“Mouth covers help a lot for the Covid, for the virus, but they do not help for the smoke particles, for that it is best to go to a place with cleaner air elsewhere if you can and if not make a clean air area in the house ”.

But if you have to go out, the ideal would be to wear an N-95 mask fitted to the face.

If you plan to be home, Goldfarb explained that it is important to avoid lighting candles or vacuuming as they could worsen the type of air you breathe inside the home. His other recommendation is to close doors and windows tightly to prevent air mixed with smoke from entering.

Some of the symptoms when inhaling smoke are eye irritation, headache, shortness of breath, chest pain, or a fast heartbeat.

If you have a window fan, she suggests shutting off the air coming in from outside and letting clean air circulate inside the house or just making your own air filtration system.

“It has instructions on how to build something to filter the air outside and there are filtration systems that you can buy and we also have information on those that can help with the smoke particles.”

While the state of Oregon extended its warning for poor air quality until Tuesday night in some areas, the state of Washington issued its warning for the southwestern part of the state, including Clark, Cowlitz, Lewis, Skamania and Skamania counties. Wahkiakum until Thursday noon.

To be aware of the conditions, the state of Oregon has a mobile application for iPhone and Android where you can see an update of the air quality in your area and better prevent any health problems.

The air quality index (PM2.5) shows the risk levels in the following colors:

  • Green = good air
  • Yellow = moderate air
  • Orange = unhealthy for sensitive groups
  • Red = unhealthy
  • Purple = very harmful
  • Icing = dangerous

Other information resources:

Centers for Disease Prevention (CDC)

Smoke Information in Oregon

.

Portland police arrest 15 people after protests at North Precinct Subcommand

Police officers pass a fire lit by protesters on Saturday, Sept. 5, 2020, in Portland, Ore. Hundreds of people gathered for rallies and marches against police violence and racial injustice Saturday night in Portland, Oregon, as often violent nightly demonstrations that have happened for 100 days since George Floyd was killed showed no signs of ceasing. (AP Photo/Noah Berger)

PORTLAND, Pray. – Portland police arrested 15 people Sunday night after a demonstration at the North Subcommandery, where fires broke out in the street.

The protest began at 9 pm with a march in Alberta Park towards the northern subcommander.

Authorities reported that the protesters chanted “burn it down.”

The protesters grabbed mattresses, dragged them onto the street and lit them.

Police warned the crowd not to enter the subcommander’s property otherwise they could be arrested, fined or hit with crowd control munitions.

Officers closed Southeast Emerson Street between Northeast Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and 6th Avenue.

On Saturday night, police declared a riot zone after a meeting that began in Ventura Park turned violent. Police used tear gas to disperse the crowd after they said people threw Molotov cocktails and one person’s legs caught fire.

.

California, New Mexico and Oregon impose new restrictions in the face of increased cases of covid-19

(CNN) – Driven by a dramatic increase in cases across the United States and within its borders, three states restored restrictions on Monday that were imposed at the start of the coronavirus pandemic.

At least 27 states in the country have suspended the reopening of business or have re-imposed measures to curb the spread of the virus.

Citing increasing numbers, the governors of California and New Mexico, who have already taken some steps, again imposed restrictions on exits to the corner. In Oregon, where the number of cases has recently increased, the governor expanded the rules on wearing masks to include outdoor gatherings where social distance cannot be maintained.

In California, Governor Gavin Newsom cited increases in the rate of positive cases and instances of community broadcasting to order suspension of many indoor activities in all counties.

Newsom said that restaurant canteens, interior cellars, tasting rooms, movie theaters, family entertainment centers, zoos and museums closed. Those who can should offer outdoor service areas. Bars must suspend all operations.

“We are seeing an increase in the spread of the virus,” said the governor. “That is why it is up to all of us to seriously acknowledge that the covid-19 is not going to go away anytime soon.”

Under the new order, 30 of the 58 counties on the state’s watch list will need to close fitness centers, houses of worship, offices for nonessential sectors, personal care services, hair salons, beauty salons, and shopping malls.

The California Department of Public Health reported 8,358 new cases and 23 new deaths on Monday. A total of 329,162 cases and 7,040 deaths have been registered in the state.

Hospitalizations for covid-19 have increased 28% in a two-week period, according to the governor.

California is one of nearly three dozen states in cases that are affected and is not the only one to have taken the necessary steps to combat the coronavirus.

New Mexico Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham has imposed new restrictions on indoor seating in restaurants and breweries, according to a statement from her office. Indoor dining in restaurants has been allowed with limits since June 1, but is now prohibited. Breweries are allowed to have customers inside since June 15.

It is allowed to serve clients abroad at 50% of its capacity.

In the past two weeks, the state has seen 3,049 new positive cases of covid-19, representing 20.2% of the total positive cases statewide during the course of the pandemic, according to the governor’s office.

Oregon Governor Kate Brown announced that indoor gatherings, such as birthdays or dinners, will be limited to 10 or fewer people. Faith-based events, gyms, and restaurants are on the exemption list under the governor’s order.

“Today I am sounding the alarm: We are at risk of the covid-19 spiraling out of control in Oregon,” he tweeted. “Each of us needs to take immediate steps to stop the spread of this disease.”

Wyoming Governor Mark Gordon announced Monday that he will extend the restrictions in his state until July 31.

New Jersey, one of the few states that has seen a drop in cases, is lifting the requirement that private and transit buses, trains, and light rail cars can only operate at 50% of capacity.

Doctor: Community immunity is unlikely

People who have been infected with the new coronavirus may see their immunity drop in a few months, and that is “what we were afraid of,” Dr. William Haseltine told CNN’s Erin Burnett.

Citing three studies done in other countries, Haseltine said that this coronavirus is like other similar coronaviruses that give us colds. They are different from other viruses.

“Those things, like measles and mumps, you have once and you’re protected for life,” he said.

But Haseltine said it is different with cold viruses; Your body “forgets” that it was once infected, according to three studies.

Haseltine says the findings, if true, will have implications for infected people, for the idea of ​​achieving community immunity against the virus and for the development of a vaccine.

“Individually, that means if you had it, you should be as careful as if you had not had it, because you could have it again and it could cause exactly the same disease it caused the first time, or worse,” he told CNN.

“Community immunity depends on durable immunity and if it doesn’t exist, you can’t get community immunity,” he said. “This (coronavirus) looks like its brothers and sisters, except that it is much more unpleasant. But it doesn’t seem to be any different in the sense that it makes your immune system react harder, ”he said.

Haseltine, a former professor at Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Public Health, is now president and director of ACCESS Health International.

Florida records more than 27,000 new cases in two days

Florida surpasses 15,300 new cases of covid-19 5:34

Florida health officials reported a staggering record of new cases in one day on Sunday: 15,300. If Florida were a country, it would be fourth in terms of new case reports. The state would rank 10th on the list of nations with the most cases, according to data from Johns Hopkins University.

The state added at least 12,343 cases since Sunday, according to the Florida Department of Health.

At least 35 states see an increase in new cases compared to the previous week, according to data from Johns Hopkins University.

The United States has recorded more than 3.3 million coronavirus cases since the pandemic began, which means that nearly 1 in 100 Americans has tested positive for covid-19, according to Johns Hopkins University. At least 135,582 Americans have died.

Worldwide, 13 million people have tested positive for the virus.

Local and state leaders in the US have said in recent weeks that the new cases are largely driven by Americans who have chosen to resume meetings and outings to bars. In many states, the average age of new cases has shifted downward, with more youth testing positive than ever since the start of the pandemic.

The rising numbers in the US could be just the tip of the iceberg, as experts have often stressed that infections could be roughly 10 times more than what is reported, as many are not tracked.

To reduce the increase in cases, many states now have some sort of order for mask use.

But the precautions have faced a strong reaction from many officials and residents, and some governors have stayed away from orders for the use of a mask at the state level, including Florida.

Andrea Kane, Konstantin Toropin, Sarah Moon, Stella Chan, Kay Jones, Mitch McCluskey, Artemis Moshtaghian, and Hollie Silverman contributed to this report.

.

US election campaign: This is how the primaries work in the US

Why are Republicans and Democrats holding primaries for the US presidential election?

VElections within the respective parties are not anchored in the American constitution, but they have developed over the years. Until 1820, for example, the congressmen each appointed a representative of their party who was to run as a candidate in the presidential election. Later it was party delegates at the district or state level who voted for a particular candidate.

Not until 1910 was the first experiment with primary codes in Oregon, which was then slowly expanded to other states. The aim was to reduce the influence of party bosses and backroom deals, to test the popularity of candidates and to give the internal party selection process greater democratic legitimacy. It was only after a chaotic Democratic party conference in 1968, at which Hubert Humphrey was nominated even though he had not won a primary, that primary elections became binding for the delegates who represented their respective states at the national nomination party conferences.

What is the difference between caucus and primary?

The individual US states decide for themselves how the voters decide on the candidates for the presidential election. Most states do this by primary – a secret ballot. A few states have chosen the caucus system.

In Alaska, Colorado, Hawaii, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Nevada, North Dakota, Wyoming and Iowa, party meetings take place at the district level – with a show of hands or by dividing the participants into different groups depending on the candidate.

Only those who are registered voters of the respective party can participate in a caucus. There are different systems for the primaries. In some states only registered voters can vote, others are open to all citizens of a state. A caucus is organized and paid for by the relevant party, while primaries are held by the state.

How are the votes of the states weighted?

The number of voting delegates that each state can send to the national nomination party congress is usually dependent on its population. For the Democrats, the delegate votes are distributed proportionally according to the election result. However, the states are allowed to set up a hurdle of up to 15 percent, above which votes are only credited to a candidate.

For Republicans, this hurdle can be up to 20 percent. However, there are still some cases where the leading candidate receives all delegate votes. However, many states have a mixed form: the votes are largely given according to proportionality, but there are mechanisms that give the winner bonus votes.

What about the super delegates?

Superdelegates are participants at the nomination congresses who are entitled to vote who were not sent via the pre-election system and who are therefore not bound in their voting. The Democrats are former and active party leaders, including former presidents, vice-presidents, party leaders in the Senate and House of Representatives, as well as active governors, congressmen or elected representatives of the party.

These delegates can tip the scales in the event of a stalemate or a tight election result, after all, the Democrats make up around a sixth of the delegates. With the Republicans, the “undetermined delegates” play a less important role and only make up about a tenth of the electorate at the nomination convention.

As a rule, each state sends three high party officials as super delegates. In view of the volatile situation among the Republicans, this time the undefined delegates could play an important role at the nomination party conference.

When are the primaries decided?

This year, the primaries begin on February 1 with the caucus in Iowa and end with the Democratic vote on June 14 in DC. Republicans end the primaries on June 7 with primaries in five states, including weighty California.

Traditionally, the votes in the first three states, i.e. Iowa, New Hampshire and South Carolina, play an important role because they can trigger an unexpected dynamic – for example, Barack Obama’s 2008 Iowa victory against Hillary Clinton was very important to him in in the eyes of donors and supporters as a possible alternative. The most important milestone after that is Super Tuesday on March 1st, when 15 states will vote. Convincing victories on Super Tuesday often resulted in candidates being nominated.

This year, however, it is quite possible that the race, especially with the Republicans, will remain open until the end and may not be decided until the nomination party conference (July 18-21). The Democratic nomination convention will take place shortly thereafter, July 25-28.

Not everyone is happy with the system. What is being criticized?

Iowa (February 1) and New Hampshire (February 9) have special roles in the election calendar as early pre-election states. The per capita allocation quota that the citizens of both states experience through the politicians is many times higher than in later area code states. Criticism is mainly inflamed by the fact that Iowa in particular is not representative of the rest of the USA. It is mostly rural, the population is mostly white and more affluent than other regions. Iowa happened to be the first state on the Democratic election calendar in the 1972 primary. In the meantime, this prelude has become a tradition in both parties that the state tenaciously defends.

In Iowa, the state constitution even wrote that the area code should be held at least eight days before the other states. This poses a significant problem for candidates with limited financial means. Should they invest a lot of money in the fight for Iowa, even though only about one percent of the delegate votes are given there? Or should they plan for the long term and thus run the risk that their campaign will quickly lose momentum after poor results in the early states?

What role do money and the super PACs play in the primaries?

The socialist Bernie Sanders contests his election campaign for the Democratic nomination mainly with the accusation that America’s politics were bought with big money. His campaign is the best proof that large donors do not make elections. He’s neck and neck with Hillary Clinton ahead of the primaries, despite the fact that he’s raised far fewer funds. The Republican Jeb Bush raised by far the most money. But that doesn’t change the fact that he is far behind in the polls.

However, it is clear that candidates need more and more money to campaign successfully. US campaign funding laws are a patchwork of regulation and deregulation. Individuals are limited to a maximum of $ 2,700 to donate to a campaign. At the same time, according to a constitutional court ruling from 2010 (“Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission”), non-profit organizations, companies, trade unions or associations can spend as much money on election campaigns as they want – although donations may not go directly to the candidates.

Since this ruling, independent action committees, the so-called Super-PACs, have grown in importance. They are allowed to advertise a candidate, but are not allowed to work directly with the campaign team. According to another ruling, Super-PACs are now also allowed to accept unrestricted donations from individuals. For some candidates, this leads to increasing dependency on some major donors. And because of that, more and more Americans feel that politics can be bought.

In which states do you vote and when?

February 1: Iowa (first area code)

9. Februar: New Hampshire

February 20: Nevada (Democrats); South Carolina (Republican)

February 23: Nevada (Republicans)

February 27: South Carolina (Democrats)

1. März (Super Tuesday): Alabama, Alaska (Republikaner), American Samoa; Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia

March 5: Kansas, Kentucky (Republicans), Louisiana, Maine (Republicans), Nebraska (Democrats)

March 6: Maine (Democrats), Puerto Rico (Republicans)

March 8: Hawaii (Republicans), Idaho (Republicans), Michigan, Mississippi

March 12: DC (Republicans), Northern Marianas Islands (Democrats)

15. März: Florida, Illinois, Missouri, Northern Marianas Islands (Republikaner), North Carolina, Ohio

March 19: Virgin Islands (Republicans)

March 22: Arizona, Idaho (Democrats), Utah

March 26: Alaska (Democrats), Hawaii (Democrats), Washington (Democrats)

5. April: Wisconsin

9. April: Wyoming

19. April: New York

26. April: Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island

May 3: Indiana

7. Mai: Guam

10. Mai: Nebraska (Republikaner), West Virginia

17. Mai: Kentucky (Demokraten), Oregon

24. Mai: Washington (Republikaner)

June 4: Virgin Islands (Democrats)

June 5: Puerto Rico (Democrats)

7. Juni: Kalifornien, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexiko North Dakota, South Dakota

June 14th: DC (Demokrats)

July 18 to July 21: Republican Nomination Convention

July 25th to July 28th: ​​Democrats Nomination Congress

.

The American Columbia adapts its ambitions to the crisis

VIDEO – To double its sales in five years, the American outdoor group must accelerate in Europe.

The Chamonix store. The mountain and walking collection is
The Chamonix store. The mountain and walking collection is “Europeanized” this winter. @ Monica-Dalmasso

Models worthy of Abercrombie & Fitch dressed in down jackets waddle in music in the shower to prove that the garment is really waterproof. Between fir trees and artificial snow, Columbia Sportswear launched its new advertising campaign in New York. The first of this magnitude in over ten years. With the same stainless “muse”: Gert Boyle, 91, non-executive president of the outdoor clothing and footwear company, founded in 1938 in Portland, Oregon, by his family, of Jews who fled the ‘Nazi Germany. The matriarch makes people laugh, heroine of humorous spots. She tested “tough” (“tough” says the slogan) clothes in extreme and absurd conditions.

Columbia, listed on Wall Street, is profitable and growing. Its turnover rose from $ 3 million in the 1980s to $ 2.1 billion in 2014, where it soared 25%. Its profits jumped 45% to 137.2 million. But sales, for a long time

This article is for subscribers only. You have 70% left at
        discover.

Subscribe: € 1 the first month

cancellable at any time

.