Eating the wrong diet can cause numbness in people with diabetes or make bones fragile. Three vitamins play a particularly important role in this.
A healthy, balanced, and varied diet can help alleviate symptoms for people with diabetes. Long-term vitamin deficiency, on the other hand, can have painful consequences.
“The vitamins folic acid and vitamin B12 are particularly important,” says the President of the German Diabetes Society, Dirk Müller-Wieland. Folic acid is found in vegetables such as lettuce, tomatoes, asparagus, cabbage and legumes. Vitamin B12 is found in foods of animal origin. This includes meat, eggs and milk. Diabetics shouldn’t overdo it, especially with meat. The daily requirement of vitamin B12 is very low, adds Müller-Wieland. Only a long-term waiver is harmful.
Sensory disturbances are the first warning sign
In the absence of these vitamins, patients may experience abnormal sensation. These are, for example, visual disturbances, numb hands or even loss of sensory perception.
Patients with diabetes mellitus should see a doctor for such symptoms. Such sensory disturbances are a first symptom of damage to the nerves. The doctor will check this with a blood sample.
Vitamin D is also important
According to the German Society for Internal Medicine, people with diabetes should also have their vitamin D levels checked. Among other things, vitamin D counteracts bone loss, which is faster in diabetics than in healthy people. This is how the vitamin prevents bone fractures.
Oily sea fish contains vitamin D, as well as dairy products and avocado. The body also produces vitamin D itself when it absorbs UV radiation through the skin. You should therefore be outdoors for around 30 minutes every day. In summer, you should definitely use sunscreen when you are staying outdoors for a longer period of time.
Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.