According to a recent report from the National Academy of Medicine, vaccinating boys as well as girls against papillomarvirus (HPV) is a must to eliminate cancers of the cervix, throat and anus .
The Vaccine Principle
It involves injecting into the body an infectious agent (virus or bacteria), in a harmless form but stimulating the immune response of the body. The immune system has … "data-image =" https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/d/7/7/d77c1cf78f_50038307_pasteur-joseph-meister.jpg "data-url =" https://www.futura-sciences.com/health/definitions/medecine-vaccination-11858/ "data-more =" Read more "> boys between 11 and 14 years, in addition to girls, "is a necessity" to eliminate there are two forms of cervical cancer:
squamous cell carcinoma (or squamous cell carcinoma), the most common type, which develops from the squamous epithelium of the exocervix … "data-image =" https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/ images / midioriginal / 0/8/3 / 083dba1e2b_101933_vaccin-hpv.jpg "data-url =" https://www.futura-sciences.com/health/definitions/cancer-cancer-col-uterus-16207/ "data- more = "Read more"> and avoid those in the throat and the function of the anus
The anus is the terminal orifice of the digestive tract, directly following the rectum. The anus helps regulate the defecation of faeces in the rectum.
Structure of the anus
The anus consists of two sphincters … "data-image =" https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/e/5/4/e54c1c0775_50035656_anus-medscape.jpg "data-url = "https://www.futura-sciences.com/sante/definitions/biologie-anus-7241/" data-more = "Read more"> , insists in a report released Monday. Vaccination against at (HPV / HPV) is recommended and reimbursed for all girls aged 11 to 14 and between 15 and 19 years old in case of catch-up. It is also recommended until age 26 in men who have sex with men and in immunocompromised patients.
Some countries, such as the United States, already recommend vaccination of allwhatever their sex. The health costs of HPV infections in France represent more than 500 million euros per year, notes the Academy, which regrets that the vaccination of girls – "less than 20%", is "the lowest in Europe".
The Academy of Medicine calls for vaccination including boys
The academy has already expressed itself in favor ofincluding the boys on 20 March alongside about 50 learned societies and medical unions, but insists in his report on "additional aspects".
It shows a clear increase since the 1970s, Causes of cancer of the throat
Men are more affected than women … "data-image =" https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/c/c/8/cc8876475a_93921_shutterstock-csaba-deli.jpg "data -url = "https://www.futura-sciences.com/sante/definitions/cancer-cancer-gorge-15992/" data-more = "Read more"> – oropharyngeal cancers – despite a decrease in poisoning related to
Primary Alcohols: Carbon Carries Two … "data-image =" https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/a/e/e/afe9d01940_121145_alcool-definition.jpg "data-url = "https://www.futura-sciences.com/sciences/definitions/chimie-alcool-640/" data-more = "Read more"> and tobacco. These affect younger subjects (35-45 years) than those related to alcohol and tobacco.
The Academy calls for an information campaign in schools
" In epidemiology, incidence refers to the number of new cases of a disease occurring during a given period of time. An increase in the incidence makes it possible for example to note … "data-image =" https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/c/e/7/ce79e74ecf_50090417_graphique-incidence-laurent- cute-wiki-dp.jpg "data-url =" https://www.futura-sciences.com/health/definitions/medecine-incidence-13469/ "data-more =" Read more ">(new cases) of anal canal cancer has increased by 56% since 1990 and 93% of these are attributable to HPV »And« the incidence is greater for women (65%) Adds the academy. The extension of vaccination to boys presents a favorable "cost-effectiveness" ratio, all the more favorable as the vaccination of girls is low, she notes according to Belgian works. " The information (on vaccination, ed) must relate directly to children and not be limited to parents ", Says the academy. She therefore claims a real information campaign in schools about these infections and their prevention And the mobilization of doctors of various specialties.
The papillomavirus is mainly a men's affair
Destination Health article, published on 1st February 2012
While vaccination against papillomavirus () is advocated in young girls, a study has just shown that the is found mainly in the male population. Disturbing results when we know the responsibility of HPV in the development of certain cancers of the throat.
Will boys have to, as is recommended today to young girls,against human papillomavirus (HPV)? The question arises from a study published on January 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association ( ). According to its American authors indeed, there are several types of … "data-image =" https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/4/5/7/4575b9b026_53969_prevalence.jpg " data-url = "https://www.futura-sciences.com/health/definitions/medecine-prevalence-2818/" data-more = "Read more"> oral HPV infection, which causes oropharyngeal cancers, is higher in men than in women.
Maura Gillison and her teamin Columbus (USA) investigated the prevalence of oral HPV infection among their fellow citizens. In total, 5,600 men and women aged 14 to 69 participated in this work. All were subjected to oral cell and gargles.
As a result, an oral HPV infection could be diagnosed in 7% of participants. Men would be more concerned: 10% of positivity against 3.1% for women. The highest prevalences were observed in adults aged 30 to 35 and 60 to 64 years old.
" Oral HPV infection is a major cause ofof the oropharynx, says Maria Gillison. In general, the of type 16 is involved in 9 out of 10 cases of HPV-positive ENT cancers. They are transmitted most often, " sexually In the context of orogenital reports.
Vaccinate men against the papillomavirus?
Like the girls in whom vaccination is recommended in Prevention is based on the avoidance of negative disturbances or the reduction of their … "data-image =" https://cdn.futura-sciences.com /buildsv6/images/midioriginal/0/7/0/070bdc60f3_50035320_amenagement-prevention-crue-clive-perrin-geograph-cc-2.jpg "data-url =" https://www.futura-sciences.com/planete/ definitions / sustainable-development-prevention-6509 / "data-more =" Read more ">of cervical cancer, will men have to ? The question is in the in the United States for several months. Last October, a committee of experts even recommended the vaccination of boys aged 11-12 by a quadrivalent. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( ) of Atlanta must decide in the coming weeks.
Maria Gillison, for her part, remains cautious. " We still know little about the effectiveness of the vaccine in preventing oral HPV infections ". At this stage, " vaccination can not be recommended on a large scale for primary prevention She writes.
In France, Philippe Descamps, head of departmentat CHU d'Angers, is not so categorical. " IIt has now been found that the HPV virus can colonize other sites than the . This is how we can find it on the oral and still within the anal canal. Should vaccination be recommended to young people? " Why not ?he replies. But beyond the health aspect and studies that we have, the public authorities will also look at the economic question. "
(tagsToTranslate) medicine (t) human papillomavirus (t) cancer (t) human papilloma virus (t) vaccination (t) HPV (t) papillomavirus (t) virus (t) HPV prevalence in men (t) cancer throat (t) oropharyngeal cancer (t) cervical cancer