When to swab quickly or molecularly after contact with a positive partner: the rules

The government has changed the rules for quarantine also for cohabitants, who are considered close contacts: the new rules distinguish between those who have had the third dose, those who have completed the primary vaccination cycle and those who are not yet vaccinated.

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The latest government decree changed the quarantine rules, which affect those who come into contact with a positive case. The quarantine starts for the close contacts (defined as ‘high risk’), but the decree provides different rules for vaccinated and unvaccinated, which have been clarified in the circular of the Ministry of Health.

The category of close contacts includes i cohabiting, who has had direct physical contact with a positive (such as a handshake), who has come face to face with a positive, for more than 15 minutes less than 2 meters away, without a mask and in a closed environment , a health care worker without adequate protective equipment providing assistance to a Covid case, the passenger on a train or plane seated less than two seats away, the travel companions and the personnel assigned to the section of the plane or train in which the positive subject was sitting on. The decree distinguishes between those who are vaccinated with three doses, with two doses, and those who are not vaccinated, and there are differences in the quarantine between those who are symptomatic and those who are asymptomatic.

If a subject has had a contact defined as ‘low risk’ there is no quarantine, only compliance with the common sanitary precautions, and the use of a mask.

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How many days of quarantine for vaccinated cohabitants of a positive

If a person living with a positive does not develop symptoms and it is vaccinated with two doses for less than 120 days (therefore less than 4 months), or she recovered from Covid in the previous 120 days or have already received the booster dose, will have to do 5 days of self-surveillance, and wear the FFP2 mask for a period of 10 days from the last exposure to the case. In the event that symptoms appear, those who fall into these categories must immediately undergo a rapid or molecular antigen test and, if still symptomatic, it must also be repeated on the fifth day following the date of the last close contact with the positive.

If, on the other hand, the close contact is vaccinated with 2 doses for more than 120 days, therefore for more than 4 months, and is always asymptomatic, it must remain in quarantine for 5 days and then carry out an antigentic or molecular test, with a negative result.

A quarantine period of dten days of quarantine, with final buffer, for those who have not completed the primary vaccination cycle The for those who have completed the primary vaccination course for less than 14 days.

The quarantine for the unvaccinated who live with a positive

Anyone who has not received even a dose of the vaccine should observe 10 days of quarantine, at the end of which it will do a molecular or antigenic test, if the report is negative it will be able to exit.

Who should swab and after how long

Those who have already received the booster dose, those who have completed the primary vaccination course less than 120 days or have recovered from the infection in the previous 120 days, do not necessarily have to swab at the end of the surveillance period. But in the event that symptoms appear, those who fall into these categories must immediately undergo a rapid or molecular antigen test and, if still symptomatic, must also repeat it on the fifth day following the date of the last close contact with the positive. The non-vaccinated swab must do it naturally, after 10 days of quarantine, and vaccinated with two doses for more than 4 months, at the end of the 5 days of quarantine.

If you test positive after receiving the third dose, or after completing the vaccination course for less than 120 days, insulation is reduced from 10 to 7 days, provided that the subjects have always been asymptomatic, or have been asymptomatic for at least 3 days, provided that there is a negative test result. If after 7 days you are still positive you need to renew the isolation for another week and then repeat the test again. After 21 days, even if the swab continues to be positive, if you no longer have symptoms, you can end the isolation with the authorization of your GP.

The anti-contagion rules in case of living with a positive

What should you do if you live with a positive? If you live with someone who tested positive for Covid, the subject must be isolated. First of all, it is advisable to always wear an FFP2 mask when traveling around the house, and avoid sharing spaces with the infected person. The positive person should have a room to himself and possibly use a separate bathroom, so as not to put the other tenants at risk. If you do not have an extra bathroom, it is necessary to disinfect the areas of common use and the sanitary facilities, and in any case you must avoid touching the infected person’s towels or bathrobe. If the house does not have many rooms, it is still necessary to resort to common precautionary measures, such as airing the rooms often, opening the windows.

The positive person, even if asymptomatic, should not eat meals with his cohabitants, but eat in a separate room. If you have a very large dining room, you can eat in the same room, but respecting a minimum distance of two meters from the other diners. It is advisable to use disposable dishes, to avoid getting infected with the dishes. Of course you cannot receive other guests while there is a positive in the house.

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