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What to do so that the kidney does not fail?

More and more people worldwide are affected by chronic kidney failure. The cardiovascular risk is increasing, and with it the need for donor kidneys and dialysis.

Vienna (OTS) Risk factors such as diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure contribute significantly to chronic kidney disease, which can be prevented with timely prevention or treated well in the early stages. Since kidney disease usually progresses without symptoms for a long time and therefore goes unnoticed, a simple urine and blood analysis should be carried out – regularly within a year in risk patients. A healthy lifestyle, balanced diet, exercise and abstinence from nicotine and alcohol significantly support kidney health and can significantly delay the natural aging process. www.gefaessforum.at

The fact that the kidney, with its dozens of functions, is one of our most important organs is still hardly noticed by the general public. More than ten percent of adults worldwide suffer from chronic kidney disease (CKD). Unfortunately, those affected do not notice the signs of kidney failure for a long time and their kidney disease is not discovered in time. A simple check-up is all the more important, pleads Prim. Prof. Dr. Marcus Säemann, Head of Nephrology at the Ottakring Clinic, President of the ÖGN (Fachgesellschaft für Nephrologie) and member of the scientific advisory board of the Austrian Vascular Forum.
“If the kidneys no longer function properly, many other systems in our body also suffer massively, such as the vascular and cardiovascular systems, the immune system and the fluid or acid-base balance.”

The Austrian Vascular Forum wants to create more awareness and “promote health instead of just treating illness, in order to maintain the quality of life that is so important for all of us,” he said Prim. PD Dr. Afshin Assadian, Speaker of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Austrian Vascular Forum, Member of the Board of Management for Vascular Surgery at the Ottakring Clinic, Past President of the Society for Vascular Surgery and Incoming President of the Society for Surgery. Kidney failure – a “silent and insidious” disease with younger and younger sufferers.

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The global rise in kidney disease and renal failure is worrying. Patients with diabetes mellitus in particular show dramatic increases of over 3% per year. According to Säemann, an important problem here is that CKD is significantly underdiagnosed, because the signs of chronic kidney failure are not recognized by those affected until the very advanced stages of CKD. Some symptoms are non-specific and do not occur in all patients, such as an unusual urge to urinate or increased blood pressure. Symptoms such as itching of the skin, nausea/vomiting, unusual urge to urinate, difficulty breathing, loss of appetite and changes in taste only occur in the very advanced stages of CKD. “Unfortunately, we are also seeing more and more patients, including many younger ones, who are very close to definitive kidney failure. Then there are only two options: a donor kidney or dialysis. For those affected, the latter means a severely impaired quality of life, drastic effects on the cardiovascular system and thus a significantly shorter life expectancy,” says Dr. sower.

Identify risk factors in good time

The physiological kidney function decreases in every human being as part of a natural process from the age of 30 onwards. This process is significantly accelerated in high-risk patients who suffer from diabetes, arterial hypertension and obesity, or have a family history. For high-risk patients with diabetes and CKD, the disease means a significantly shorter lifespan, namely by up to 16 years, for women by 16.9 years and for men by 14.8 years.

Regular check-ups

However, if CKD is detected at an early stage, there are very good treatment options so that dialysis or transplantation is not necessary in the first place. In addition, the cardiovascular risk decreases significantly and many years of healthy life can be gained as a result. The check-up for this is very simple: it is usually sufficient to take a urine and blood test once a year, during which the amount of protein in the urine is also checked. Patients at risk should go for check-ups more often. “We have learned to pay attention to our cholesterol level, for example, but we forget how important other parameters such as the protein in the urine and the creatinine in the blood are as an expression of kidney function,” says Säemann, who is responsible for integrating the examination into the annual Health care pleads. However, if kidney damage has occurred, it is also the case here that kidney-protecting therapy should be given early, “since we have completely different options today than we had just a few years ago,” says Säemann.

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Questions & contact:

com.media – agency for communication
Mag. Dr. Karin Assadian |
Tel .: 0676 33 63 568, karin.assadian@commedia.co.at
www.commedia.co.at

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