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What to do if you tested positive for COVID-19 or were exposed to someone infected?

Health professionals warned of a possible rise in COVID-19 infections in Puerto Rico, which is already facing a rebound that maintains its positivity rate above 30%.

The alert arises after the elimination of the federal requirement for negative tests on domestic and international flights, which came into force last Sunday at airports in Puerto Rico and the United States.

So do you know what to do if you tested positive for COVID-19? Have you recently been exposed to someone positive and don’t know what steps to take?

Below are the definitions and recommendations of the Health Department about these situations:

Isolation – Physical separation of members of the household and the outside in people with positive tests or suspicion of the virus. This means: staying in another room, keeping a distance of six feet from others, wearing a mask if you are in a room with others, washing your hands with soap and water or applying disinfectant after interacting with other people, and cleaning common surfaces (doorknobs doors, cell phones, faucets, etc.).

close contact – person exposed to a confirmed or probable case of COVID-19 within six feet of each other for 15 minutes or more in a 24-hour period.

Quarantine – Action that should be taken by people suspected of contagion, but who do not have symptoms in order to prevent transmission to others. This means: being six feet away from others in your home, staying in one room, regular handwashing with soap and water or disinfectant, washing household surfaces often, avoiding touching your face (eyes, nose, and mouth ) and if you have symptoms call a doctor to assess if you need to be tested for COVID-19.

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Person with up-to-date vaccination:

– In adults over 50 years of age- the primary series of the vaccine against COVID-19 (the first two doses) and the two boosters (with a space of four months between one and the other).

– In adults aged 18 years and over – the primary series and the first booster dose (five months after the second vaccination). The primary series includes two vaccines if Pfizer or Moderna are administered or one vaccine if Johnson & Johnson is used.

– In adolescents aged 12 to 17 years – the primary series of the Pfizer vaccine and the booster dose at five months.

– In children aged five to eleven years – the primary series of the Pfizer vaccine. The federal government approved a booster dose for this population in May, five months after the second vaccine.

Isolation periods include:

– Asymptomatic person with up-to-date vaccination: five days after receiving their positive antigen or molecular test result. You can resume daily activities on the sixth day, but you must wear masks until day 10.

– Person with mild to moderate symptoms, with vaccination up to date: seven days after the onset of symptoms and continue wearing masks until day 10.

– Person without vaccination- ten days from the onset of symptoms or positive test. You can resume daily activities from day 11.

– Person with severe symptoms, immunocompromised or pregnant: the period will be determined in consultation with your health provider.

– Close contacts with up-to-date vaccination do not have to quarantine, but should be tested on the fifth day of exposure and follow symptom monitoring for ten days after the last exposure.

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