In 2000, a huge scientific result shook the world of research and public opinion, the human genome had been sequenced, except for a small part, only 8% were missing.
Now, thanks to a collaboration between researchers from around the world, the DNA analysis has finally been completed, pending review by the scientific community. This milestone could change the future of medicine and of the deep knowledge of our organism forever.
Humans have 46 chromosomes, in 23 pairs, which represent tens of thousands of individual genes. Each gene is made up of a number of base pairs consisting of adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G) and cytosine (C). There are billions of base pairs in the human genome.
The new map includes 3.9 billion chromosomal base pairs, up from 3.2 billion in the first sequence completed 20 years ago.
Now, if the scientific community approves this work, we will be able to arrive at an extremely detailed knowledge of chromosomes that will open the doors to new therapies and increasingly precise diagnoses.
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