By Caroline J., Cécile D. Published July 29, 2020 at 9:52 am Updated July 29, 2020 at 10:54 am
While around sixty French departments have to deal with the proliferation of the tiger mosquito, a commission of inquiry in the Assembly warns against this flying insect which could represent a “major health risk on the whole of the territory” when “the next decades”.
We already had to protect ourselves against the epidemic of Covid-19, it will also be necessary to pay attention to the Aedes albopictus, the famous tiger mosquito. The website of the Ministry of Health has updated the tiger mosquito presence card highlighting the presence of these dangerous mosquitoes, department by department. Île-de-France is strongly affected by this tiny insect that carries many diseases.
And the news is not good since the tiger mosquito progresses on the territory. This year, six new departments are placed in red vigilance, which means that the tiger mosquito is implanted and active. In total therefore, 58 departments in France are in red.
The tiger mosquito: a “major health risk” in the years to come
According to a commission of inquiry to the Assembly, the tiger mosquitoes will “represent a major health risk throughout the territory“when”the next decades“.
On July 28, the rapporteur of this commission of inquiry and LREM member of Mayotte, Ramlati Ali, told : “It is an invasive species, which did not exist in France before 2004. In 2019, 58 departments out of the 96 metropolitan departments were colonized.“.
“If for fifty years the metropolitan territory has lived free from diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, this is no longer the case today. We will have to learn to live with them, while limiting their impact on the health of the French as much as possible.“, she added in this report.
To fight against the tiger mosquito, the commission of inquiry unveils 46 proposals. Goal ? “Recast a prevention policy“, “overhaul the institutional framework“in order to curb the proliferation of these tiger mosquitoes or”perpetuate“the means of research.
Paris and almost all of Île-de-France in red vigilance
Paris and six other departments of Île-de-France are affected by this red vigilance: Seine et Marne, the Yvelines, l’Essonne, the Hauts-de-Seine, the Seine-Saint-Denis and the Val de Marne. Only the Val d’Oise stay in orange vigilance ; which means that the tiger mosquito has been intercepted there occasionally over the past five years.
Finally, 29 departments are placed in yellow vigilance. The departments concerned are subject to ” an entomological watch specially dedicated to monitoring the tiger mosquito “. ANSES has also set up a website (https://signalement-moustique.anses.fr/) to report the tiger mosquito, in order to update the map as quickly as possible.
Remember that the tiger mosquito can cause serious illnesses like yellow fever, dengue fever, or chikungunya. For the moment, the ARS is monitoring its data tables and wants to be reassuring, with supporting figures. The region is not yet affected by an upsurge in cases of tropical diseases: « No indigenous case has been identified in Ile-de-France, we only have imported cases », Explains the regional agency.
How to recognize the tiger mosquito?
If you are worried about being stung by a tiger mosquito, make sure you know how to identify it first. So, Vigilance-Mosquitoes confides that the tiger mosquito is ” smaller than a 1 cent coin (it is only a few millimeters in length), it has a fairly slow flight, and it is easy to crush in flight “. Its physical aspect is also particular, “ since it is black with white stripes on the legs and on the abdomen ».
How to protect yourself from the tiger mosquito?
Actions are being taken to rid the region of this pest. ARS IDF announces that “ 470 traps are installed in the region in the general environment and around more sensitive sites such as hospitals, the airports and some places with high tourist traffic “. Among these are the park Disneyland, in Seine-et-Marne, as well as the Vincennes castle, in Val-de-Marne
In order to guard against tiger mosquitoes, the ministry website recalls the importance of paying attention to “ breeding grounds »Such as cups under flower pots, watering cans, old tires, clogged gutters… So a piece of advice, avoid standing water and think about emptying all those little “ water reservoirs Or don’t forget to renew them at least once a week.
To avoid bites, during a walk, prefer clothing that covers the whole body, including the legs and arms and that is light in color, as many species of mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors. At home, you can opt for the famous mosquito nets and make sure ventilate well to ward off insects.
You can also use skin repellents, recommended by theWHO, such as for example those which contain DEET, IR3535 or Icaridin. To hope to get rid of the tiger mosquito for good, and to signal his presence on the ANSES website so that the authorities can act on a large scale.