LLast year, dead or defective batteries were by far the most common cause of breakdowns, which had to be remedied by the Yellow Angels of ADAC. With a share of 41.8 percent, they were at the top of a total of 3.7 million operations, and the trend is still increasing. Ironic in the history of breakdowns, the on-board electrical system batteries of electric cars also contributed to the record number of more than 1.57 million collapsed electricity donors. The calls for help from 3,100 electric car drivers increased by 65 percent in 2019, while the vehicle fleet only grew by 50 percent to around 83,000 units. In addition to battery problems, punctures frequently occurred in electric cars.
The club sees one of the reasons for the many battery breakdowns in the meantime that the average age of petrol and diesel in stock has now risen to 9.5 years, of which apparently quite a few were still on the road with their first battery. On the first day of frost, the neglected electricity donor takes revenge on everyone who has taken the blue-eyed label “maintenance-free” seriously.
In second place in the breakdown statistics are problems with the engine (17.4 percent), for example with the injection system, ignition or sensors, followed by defects in the steering, brakes, chassis or drive train with 15.5 percent. Cries for help have increased due to flat tires, a natural consequence of the increasingly frequent loss of spare wheels and jacks in new vehicles.
The breakdown statistics include all models with at least 10,000 new registrations in the period from 2010 to 2017. Toyota Aygo, Mini, BMW X1, Audi A4 and BMW 5 Series have proven to be above average reliability. German vehicles are disproportionately represented among the breakdown gnomes, for example the Audi series A1 to A6 or BMW models from the 1 to 5 series including the X1. Among the imported brands, Chevrolet Spark, Hyundai i10, Citroën C3, Fiat Panda and Honda Jazz stand out positively.
Fiat 500, Hyundai i20, Kia Ceed, Volkswagen Sharan and Mercedes-Benz E-Class dominate the breakdown statistics of the breakdown giants. Two models stand out as long-term patients: firstly the E-Class from 2010 with particularly frequent defects in the starter, battery, steering, ignition lock and radiator and heating hoses and secondly the Kia Ceed with defects in the starter, battery, catalytic converter, fuel pump, timing chain or Spark plugs. With 70.5 breakdowns per 1000 vehicles, the 2011 Kia Ceed carries the red lantern among the particularly breakdown-prone models.
The ADAC also classifies the Fortwo and Forfour smart types, the Opel models Meriva, Insignia and Vivaro, the Ford types C-Max, S-Max and Kuga, the Peugeot series 206, 207 and 308 or the Renault as problem cases -Models Clio, Kangoo, Rapid, Scénic and Trafic.