Sunday 13 June 2021
Books – Syed Metwally
A British woman has contracted a severe eye infection from a rare virus called cowpox from her pet cat.
The 28-year-old woman experienced eye irritation, along with redness and discharge in her right eye, that lasted for five days, according to the report, which was published June 5 in the New England Journal of Medicine. In treating common eye infections, but nothing seemed to be working, her symptoms were getting worse — she developed orbital cellulitis, an infection of the fat and muscle around the eye; The infection had caused necrosis of tissue in her eye, and her doctors were worried she would lose her sight.
As part of this, Masrawy reviews everything you need to know about the cowpox virus and ways to prevent it, according to thevetexpert and livescience.
What is cowpox virus?
Cowpox is a mild viral disease of cows, buffaloes and camels. It is a disease transmitted to healthy humans, which produces immunity against the smallpox virus.
Cowpox can infect multiple animal species, including cows, cats, and humans.
Cowpox is rare in cattle, and its main reservoir is rodents.
Cowpox is related to the smallpox vaccine virus, which was first created by the famous physicist Edward, in 1796 to vaccinate cows against smallpox.
Infection is usually seen during milking and handling of sick animals, cowpox infection rates can be as high as 70%, and mortality is relatively low in cows and buffaloes.
Do cats transmit it to humans?
Cats can become infected when they kill rodents carrying cowpox, but transmission from cats to humans is rare.
How can humans get cowpox?
Humans can get cowpox by coming into contact with cowpox lesions on the skin of cats, but the virus is not highly contagious between humans and cats.
In general, the virus infects humans through direct contact with infected animals.
Symptoms of cowpox infection
Affected animals experience fever, loss of appetite, depression, and conjunctival hyperemia.
Lesions are observed either in a localized form or in general.
Animals show typical pests in the air.
In general, these symptoms appear on different parts of the body, including the lips and around the eyes.
The presumed and confirmatory diagnostic procedures for the disease are:
The disease can be diagnosed primarily by clinical signs and can be confirmed by isolating the virus from the lesions on the nipples.
It can also be confirmed by a sedimentation test, complementary chimerism test, or virus neutralization test.
How can the risk of cowpox be reduced?
The risk of getting cowpox can be greatly reduced by hygiene measures such as wearing gloves when handling infected cases.
A suitable cowpox vaccine is available, so adopting strict hygiene measures can control the disease.
People who handle infected animals should clean their hands appropriately with strong disinfectants.
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