Women have played a leading role in the construction of the Argentine homeland. However, and due to machismo and little space they were givenMany have remained in the background for those who were in charge of leaving it reflected in the official accounts. María de los Remedios de Escalada, wife of José de San Martín, He was a fundamental figure in the independence of the Spanish. On a new anniversary of the day they got married, what did he do to defend the people.
How did the privileged class woman support those fights? In those times, well-off men gave no place to their wives in political conflicts or wars. Therefore, they took care of household chores, and also accompanying and assisting their partners. On the other hand, many women from popular sectors have been part of the battles for independence, What Juana Azurduy, Maria Remedios of the Valle and Macacha Güemes, among other.
In any case, Remedios de Escalada took an extremely important role.. Like several revolutionary women of his position, signed a letter in which they expressed support for the militias that should fight the royalist armies. Thus it was recorded in a document that was published on May 30, 1812. It also includes the names of Tomasa de la Quintana, Nieves de Escalada, María de la Quintana, María Eugenia de Escalada, Ramona Esquivel y Aldao, María Sánchez de Thompson, Petrona Cárdenas, Rufina de Orma, Isabel Calvimontes de Agrelo, María de la Encarnación Andonaegui, Magdalena Castro, Ángela Castelli de Irgazábal and Carmen Quintanilla de Alvear.
José de San Martín and Remedios de Escalada had a daughter: Merecedes Tomasa de San Martín y Escalada.
What Remedios de Escalada, José de San Martín’s wife and revolutionary woman, did for independence
According to the letter documenting the event, Remedios de Escalada and other revolutionary women took charge to make a collection of money to donate to the army that fought against the Spanish. The same was used to buy rifles and weapons to defend the homeland.
Like little, Remedies was key to the popular and famous Andes Army of Jose de San Martin, that later fought to liberate the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (today Argentina), the Spanish Empire in Chile, and the Viceroyalty of Peru. It is that, since her arrival in Mendoza in 1814 so that her husband was appointed as governor of the Intendencia de Cuyo, took care that women donated jewelry to achieve the long-awaited independence of the aforementioned territories.
José de San Martín, together with the Army of Los Andes.
Remedios de Escalada’s relationship with José de San Martín: how they met
There are two versions of how they met Climbing Remedies and Jose de San Martin. On the one hand, it is indicated that they both fell in love the first time they saw each other at a social gathering from the time that took place at the Escalada family home or at the home of Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson; Meanwhile, others argue that The 34-year-old married the then-14-year-old for convenience.
What was the privilege that both could acquire upon marriage? Climbing Remedies She came from a wealthy family with a good position in politics: she was the daughter of the Chancellor of the Royal Court, Antonio José de Escalada and of Tomasa de la Quintana. On the other hand, José de San Martín was a high-ranking military man.
José de San Martín and Remedios de Escalada were married on September 12, 1812 in the Cathedral of Buenos Aires.
The marriage between Remedies and Jose Francisco took place on September 12, 1812, in the Cathedral of Buenos Aires and before the blessing of Father Luis Chorroarín. Little more than four years later, and after the declaration of the Independence of 1816 of the United Provinces, the only daughter they had was born, on August 24, 1816: Mercedes Tomasa San Martín and Climbing.
Despite the family he formed with Jose de San Martin, Remedios de Escalada lived in solitude most of the time, as her husband spent it traveling or focused on the battles against the royalists.. Regrettably, due to health complications, he returned to Buenos Aires in March 1819. After contracting tuberculosis, and after a time of suffering from the disease, died at the age of 25 on August 3, 1823. Months later, San Martin He returned and built a mausoleum in the Recoleta cemetery.
The tomb of Remedios de Escalada de San Martín, in the Recoleta cemetery.