The Indian space probe Aditya-L1 for observing the Sun is in orbit

The Indian space probe Aditya-L1 for observing the Sun is in orbit

India continues its journey in the exploration and understanding of the Cosmos with the launch of the Indian space probe Aditya-L1 which will be used for the observation of the Sun thanks to seven different scientific instruments. The launch was successful. by Mattia Speroni published on 02 September 2023, at 21:13 in the ISRO Science and Technology channel India is currently “in the spotlight” when it comes to space missions thanks to Chandrayaan-3. Today morning, this successful mission was joined by that of the space probe for observing the Sun called Aditya-L1 which began its journey towards the Lagrange point L1. Knowledge of solar activity is of great importance for scientists and researchers as it influences life on Earth and more generally allows us to know how a star of this type is structured and evolves. There are several space probes that aim to know how the Sun acts on the Solar System (and on the Earth) and what physical processes take place. For example there is the NASA Parker Solar Probe but also ESA Solar Orbiter and others. To these has been added in these hours the new Indian space probe which will monitor the Sun with various instruments. Indian space probe Aditya-L1 was successfully launched At 8:20 this morning (Italian time) the Indian space probe Aditya-L1 was successfully launched with a PSLV-C57 rocket from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre. As can be guessed from the name, this satellite will be positioned at the Lagrange point L1 (about 1.5 million kilometers from our planet) which will allow observing the Sun without the Moon or the Earth obscuring the view and saving fuel. Unlike Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter it will not be a close observation of our star. This is India’s first mission to analyze solar activity. According to ISRO reports, Aditya-L1 has seven scientific instruments to observe the photosphere, the chromosphere and the outermost layers of the Sun (corona) using electromagnetic detectors, particle and magnetic field detectors. In particular, four of these instruments will directly observe the Sun while the other three will carry out analyzes in the area where the probe orbits. In particular, thanks to the data acquired by the Aditya-L1 mission, it will be possible to carry out studies on the dynamics of the upper solar atmosphere, physics of the partially ionized plasma and coronal mass ejections, analysis of the particles ejected from the Sun, physics of the solar corona and why it a high temperature, analysis of the surface processes of the Sun and analysis of the solar wind.

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