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Abdallah Hamdok is once again Prime Minister of Sudan. He returned to his post on Sunday, November 21, following an agreement signed with General al-Burhan, author of the October 25 putsch. But the anti-coup front rejects any agreement with General al-Burhan and does not intend to give up.
Almost a month after the coup d’état, the two men pledged to relaunch the democratic transition supposed to lead to a transfer of power to civilians and to elections.
Resettlement of Abdallah Hamdok, release of political prisoners and return to a sharing of power between soldiers and civilians: these were the conditions set by the international community to continue to support Sudan. From this point of view, the agreement reached on Sunday therefore allows General Burhan to break the deadlock into which his coup d’état had plunged. In passing, he wins his case on the nature of the future government: it will have to be made up of technocrats, as the general demanded before carrying out his putsch.
But this agreement is not without gray areas, analyzes our regional correspondent, Florence morice. It certainly takes as a frame of reference the constitutional declaration signed at the start of the transition, but provides that this text will have to be amended … without further details. A text that General al-Burhan has also violated and modified recently, in particular to exclude the Forces for Freedom and Change.
In addition, the agreement does not specify the date of the future elections nor does it express an opinion on the – central – question of the transfer of the presidency of the sovereignty council to civilians. Without forgetting that in the meantime the general has rearranged this council as he pleases. The constitutional texts guiding the rest of the transition will also be “ amended “. And most of the agreement’s provisions strengthen the military’s control over the Sudanese government and state.
Sudan’s international partners, the United States and the European Union, have only timidly welcomed the agreement made on Sunday. While Abdallah Hamdok spoke of the need to end the “ bloodbath To explain his signature, while around forty people have been killed in the crackdown since the coup. But a new popular mobilization is announced for next Thursday.
” Treason “
This agreement therefore considerably weakens Abdallah Hamdok. After having held up for weeks photos of him and demanded his release, some demonstrators tore up his portrait on Sunday in Khartoum, accusing him, with this agreement, of having “ betrayed the blood of the Sudanese “. The Association of Sudanese Professionals, spearhead of the anti-Bashir protest, firmly denounced “ the agreement of traitors who only bind their signatories “. Abdallah Hamdok’s signature looks to them like ” political suicide “. The most important Sudanese political parties have also rejected any agreement with the military junta, as have the Resistance Committees.
The Forces for Freedom and Change, the coalition that brought Abdallah Hamdok to power during the 2019 revolution, spoke on Sunday evening of “betrayal”. The word was on everyone’s lips, reports our correspondent in Khartoum, Eliott Brachet, while thousands of Sudanese occupied the streets of the country at the time of the signing of this agreement. ” It is despair. We didn’t expect that from Hamdok. Before, he was always on our side, he carried our demands. But today is a step backwards. He aligned himself with al-Burhan’s agenda, he left behind the demands of the streets. »
Today, the streets are calling for justice after the bloody crackdown in recent weeks. ” We had 40 martyrs. If Burhan agrees to be tried for that tomorrow, we have no problem negotiating with the military. But today, we completely reject this agreement, because we no longer have any faith in the military. We have confidence in the streets here, in front of you, who want a 100% civilian government. It is not Hamdok, Burhan or Hemedti that will make her change her mind. »
Loss of credibility
A protester was killed again on Sunday in the suburbs of Khartoum, a 16-year-old teenager. He died of a gunshot wound, according to a medical source. In total, the crackdown has killed at least 41 Sudanese since the October 25 coup.
For analyst Kholood Khair, from think tank Sudanese Strategie Partners, it is precisely this violence that motivated the Prime Minister’s decision.
« One of the reasons could be the permanent increase in the death toll as a result of the protests. This is something he clearly expressed during his speech, he wants to stop the bloodshed. But in the street, people answer him: “So why make an agreement with those responsible for this bloodshed? ” As long as he has not answered this question, we can only make assumptions … »
« It is Abdallah Hamdok who seems to be the big loser of this agreement, continues the specialist. He lost a lot of credibility and the confidence of the streets. He is now seen as a man of compromise, while he was respected and praised by the demonstrators precisely for his ability to say no to the military. This agreement is therefore seen as a betrayal by the pro-civilians. Even if Hamdok’s calculation is surely to avoid any prolongation of violence, whether against the demonstrators or between the regime and the armed groups. »