the first steps to take care of your summer ailments

Why doctor – What to do in case of sunburn and how to avoid it?

Dr Jean Tafazzoli and Dr Vincent OEillet – To enjoy the benefits of the sun and its benefits only, prevention requires exposure progressive outside the hottest hours, between 12h and 16h, with the wearing of clothes, sunglasses sun and a protective hat. The application of a Sunscreen with a protection factor of 50 is also recommended. Be careful with the reverberation: once in the water, continue to protect yourself because nothing stops the ultraviolet rays, and the water reflects the rays!

If the skin turns red and sore, the sunburn has set in. In this case, apply a fatty substance to the skin: especially no edible oil, but rather aloe vera, known for its soothing properties. If large blisters appear on the skin (or phlyctenes), this means that the skin has been second-degree burnt. In this case, medical consultation is urgently required.

How to treat a sprain?

Summer is often synonymous with adventure. You want to move, discover the region of your vacation, go hiking or walk the coastal paths. But it is without thinking that we come out of a long period of hibernation and that the ankles are not always ready for these sporting impulses. So beware of sprain in case of false movements!

The treatment of the sprain is based on compliance with the RGCE protocol (rest, ice, compression, elevation):
A: Total rest recommended.
G: Ice, applying cold. This will relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and deflate the area.
C: Compression of the ankle with an ankle brace to hold it at 90 °. Tightening will help reduce swelling.
E: Elevation of the leg to promote blood circulation, then prevent twitching and throbbing which can be very unpleasant.

If the person cannot stand or walk, see a doctor or emergency room immediately.

Can a simple insect bite lead to seeing a doctor?

In summer, you can be a victim of mosquito bites, wasps, ticks or spiders. Most of the time benign, they can be more serious in the event of an allergic reaction.

If the bite is particularly extensive, the skin becomes red and swollen, it is necessary to consult: the doctor will recommend a hydrocortisone-based cream. Watch carefully in the event of a tick bite if large red circles appear: these are inflammatory halos, called erythema migrans, which can appear several days after the bite. In this case, the medical consultation is compulsory.

Same question regarding jellyfish stings?

Contact with a jellyfish causes painful stinging lesions, but rarely serious, except in people with allergies.

In case of contact while swimming, it is advisable to rinse the affected area with sea water (under no circumstances with fresh water which could release more venom), then rub with hot sand. Immediately disinfect the wound with soap and water or an antiseptic solution.

Consult a doctor in the event of a sting on the face or an allergic reaction (especially respiratory discomfort). If the burning sensation persists after 48 hours, also consult a doctor, who may prescribe a corticosteroid-based cream.

In summer, urinary tract infections bother women even more than usual. What do you advise them?

Summer is a particularly good time for cystitis. To avoid a urinary tract infection, you must adopt the right actions:

– Drink a liter and a half of water per day, because the urinary flow decreases the bacterial load of the bladder.

– Give preference to cranberry juice, because it has compounds such as proanthocyanidins which prevent bacteria from clinging to the urinary walls and therefore causing infection.

– Go to the toilet as soon as the urge is felt, it is important not to hold back.

– Make your intimate toilet with a mild soap.

If painful symptoms emerge, such as burning of the urethra, tension in the bladder… the crisis has set in. A doctor should then be consulted, who will prescribe an antibiotic-based treatment.

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