The day the second great world conflagration began.  Nazi domination in Europe, from the Anschluss to the attack against the Soviet Union

The day the second great world conflagration began. Nazi domination in Europe, from the Anschluss to the attack against the Soviet Union

On September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany attacks Poland, thus beginning World War II.

In this context, we present below the most important moments of the rise of Nazi Germany led by Adolf Hitler, towards a quasi-total domination of Europe, which lasted eight years.

– November 5, 1937: Hitler, who came to power in 1933, announces that he wants to create “Greater Germany”, which would unite all the German speakers in Central and Eastern Europe.

– March 12, 1938: Germany achieves the “Anschluss” by invading Austria. France and Great Britain are limited to protests. Advertising

– September 30: In Munich, Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Daladier sign agreements that provide for the evacuation of the Sudeten region (from Czechoslovakia) by Czechs who do not speak German before October 10. “You had a choice between dishonor and war. You have chosen dishonor, you will have war”, declared the future British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

– March 15, 1939: Germany occupies all of Bohemia and Moravia, and Slovakia becomes a pro-Nazi state.

– August 23: The German-Soviet “non-aggression” pact.

– September 1: Germany invades Poland.

– September 3: Great Britain, Australia and New Zealand, then France declares war on Germany. The beginning of the “strange war”.

– September 17: The Soviet Union attacks Poland, through its eastern border.

– November 30-March 12, 1940: War between the Soviets and the Finns.

– April 8, 1940: Germany invades Denmark

– May 10: Germany attacks and occupies the Netherlands and Belgium, and launches the “campaign for France”.

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– June 10: Italy, Germany’s ally, declares war on France.

– June 14: German troops enter Paris.

– June 16: The President of the French Council, Paul Reynaud, resigns and is replaced by Marshal Philippe Petain.

– June 17: Petain accepts the armistice, signed on June 22.

– June 18: General Charles de Gaulle, who was appointed a few days before as Under-Secretary of State for War by Reynaud, launches a call for resistance from London. France is divided into an “occupied” northern zone and a “free” southern zone.

– June 24: Armistice with Italy, which occupies a small part of France.

– September 27: Signing of the tripartite pact between Germany, Italy and Japan.

– July-November: In France, the organization of resistance groups begins. In England, London is bombed by the German army.

– October 7: Entry of German troops into Romania.

– October 23: Hitler-Franco meeting in Hendaye, France.

– October 24: Hitler-Petain meeting at Montoire.

– November 11: The first demonstration in Paris.

– December: American President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who had just been elected for the third time, announces a “Lend-Lease” law, which allows the loan of war material to the British.

– March 1941: German offensive in Libya.

– April 6: Invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece.

– April 25: German troops enter Athens.

– June 22: Germany attacks the Soviet Union (“Barbarossa” operation). The Nazi troops are quickly stopped. The beginning of the decline of Nazi Germany.

The international community commemorates on Wednesday, September 1, 82 years since the beginning of the Second World War.

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1715 – Louis XIV, king of France (1643-1715), nicknamed the “Sun King”, the one to whom the expression “I am the state” is attributed, passed away. (born September 1638)

1854 – Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer who composed the opera “Hansel and Gretel” was born (d. 1921)

1870 – The Battle of Sedan took place, as a result of which the French Emperor Napoleon III became a prisoner

1893 – The Romanian Parliament promulgated the Law on the Rural Gendarmerie, the act of birth of the Romanian Gendarmerie Advertisement

1900 – Henriette Yvonne Stahl, writer (Between Day and Night; My Brother, the Man; Horizon, Severe Line) was born (d. May 1984)

1901 – Marin Iorda was born, prose writer and playwright, director of children’s theaters, author of one of the first Romanian cartoons, with Haplea as a character (d. June 25, 1972)

1914 – The city of Saint Petersburg is renamed Petrograd

1916 – Bulgaria declares war on Romania

1922 – Italian actor Vittorio Gassman was born (d. 2000)

1928 – Ahmed Zogu proclaims himself king of Albania

1944 – Liviu Rebreanu, prose writer and playwright, creator of the modern Romanian novel, passed away. (Works: Ion, The Forest of the Hanged, Adam and Eve, The Uprising) (b. November 27, 1885)

1955 – The State Philharmonic of Cluj-Napoca was founded. The inaugural concert took place on December 4, 1955

1969 – Colonel Muammar Gaddafi takes power in Libya

1985 – A French-American crew discovered the wreck of the Titanic

1991 – Uzbekistan declares its independence from the USSR

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1996 – Football player and coach Ion Oblemenco (b. May 1945) passed away

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