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Teacher salaries: the account is still not there, according to the unions

The 10% increase on average will not concern all teachers, as confirmed by the two scenarios presented to the unions on Tuesday by the Ministry of National Education.

Pap Ndiaye had promised a “attractiveness shock” for the teaching profession. The working hypotheses of the Ministry of National Education, on the upgrading “unconditional” teachers, from September 2023, were presented to the unions on Tuesday. And they do focus on the first third of a career to attract candidates into the profession.

Career ends put aside

The envelope was known, it contains 635 million euros for the last four months of 2023, or 1.9 billion in a full year. This money is supposed to be dedicated to a 10% salary increase “for all teachers”, as Macron had promised, but to which the government has since deliberately imprecise words: “about”, “on average”. Indeed, according to the working document consulted by Release, this increase is not the same for everyone, it will be degressive, and staff at the end of their careers are even set aside in one of the options considered.

Two working hypotheses are on the table. Scenario A: a salary increase for teachers up to twenty-six years of career, or 70% of holders according to the document of the ministry. Professors at the end of their career will therefore not be increased. Scenario B, all teachers, regardless of their seniority, will see their salaries increase, but to a lesser extent. “Heights unworthy of the salary downgrading of our professions for many of our colleagues”, judge in a press release the Snes-FSU, the main secondary union.

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In the two options considered, the evolutions are the same in the first six years of career. Emmanuel Macron had promised 2,000 euros net monthly for teachers at the start of their career, but this will not quite be the case. During their first year of teaching, trainee teachers will be increased by 164 euros net, ie a salary of 1,822 euros net per month. The new holders (one to two years of seniority) will however increase to 2,079 euros net per month, an increase of 153 euros.

In both scenarios, it is the teachers between six and eleven and a half years of seniority who will be increased the most, with 281 euros (option A) or 292 euros more (option B), or 2,300 net per month. But then the increases will be less. Between eighteen and twenty-two years of seniority, teachers will earn only 85 to 114 euros more, and those with twenty-two years of career only 36 euros more (option A) to 78 euros more in the second scenario. Contract workers will also be affected by these increases, with 133 euros gross (the calculation is not made net) per month for all.

A “scandalous” method of calculation

“All those with more than twenty years of seniority are left behind while they also suffer from inflation, have lost purchasing power and still find no trace of recognition”, regrets Stéphane Crochet, from SE-Unsa (minority union). For career purposes, the Ministry is still thinking about the idea of ​​facilitating passages in the two grades which allow better earning a living after several years of experience. These are the “hors-classe”, accessible from twenty-five years of experience, and the “exceptional class” (the last grade reserved for only 10% of teachers).

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By reading the working document, the unions quickly noted the trick around the method of calculation of the ministry to achieve an average increase of 10% for teachers. “The government did not have enough money in the envelope. So to arrive at this average, it actually includes other measures that have already been taken such as the Blanquer attractiveness bonus and the IT bonus of 150 euros”, relief Jean-Rémi Girard, President of the National Union of High Schools and Colleges (Snalc). The thaw of the index point of all civil servants, revalued by 3.5% last July is also included in the calculation. “It’s scandalous. Not only are we not all increased by 10%, but this increase has actually been smoothed over time, since 2020”, adds Jean-Rémi Girard.

The unions are eagerly awaiting the meeting in early February on the second pay lever planned by the government. This is the one linked to the famous “pact”, which plans to increase the number of teachers accepting new assignments in their already busy schedule.

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