China is increasingly decoupling from the global economy

Beijing, Berlin, Düsseldorf Mostly once a year, China’s head of state and party leader Xi Jinping gives a speech to high-ranking ministry and provincial leaders at the Central University of the Communist Party, which sets the course for the year. But this time it had a special meaning. Because the five-year plan is currently being finalized, which should set the course for the economy in the People’s Republic from March to 2025.

Foreign company representatives may not have liked what Xi said behind closed doors earlier this week. “The most essential feature of building a new development pattern is to achieve a high level of self-sufficiency and self-improvement,” says Xi. ”

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How China shapes the whole world with its own technology standards

Beijing, Berlin The speech that then US President Bill Clinton gave in March 2000 to students at Johns Hopkins University on China politics was a product of its time: full of confidence, borne by the boom in the new economy and a firm belief in the inexorable advance of the liberal democracy. Clinton spoke about how the internet will change China. “In the new century, cell phones and modems will spread freedom,” he said.

The new century is now 20 years old, and it turned Clinton’s expectations upside down. The Internet has not changed China in terms of liberal values, but China is changing the Internet. The battle for supremacy in the digital world is in full swing.

China’s vision for future technologies is diametrically different from the democratic-liberal ideas that Clinton associated with the Internet. It is the vision of an authoritarian state that leaves no room for civil rights and claims control of private data. A state that forbids criticism and extols its repressive system of rule as a development model.

The Chinese government is working to spread its vision of the digital world internationally. The key word is standardization, i.e. the creation of technical standards that are used by companies.

“Five years ago China was still a standard user,” says Betty Xu, envoy for the European standardization organizations in Beijing. “But in the past five years, China has started to export its own standards.”

A recent report by the US Chamber of Commerce to Congress said that China is actively increasing its influence in international technical standardization and has identified standards as a key area for projecting economic power in the world.

It is only superficially about technical details such as the shape of power plugs, the compatibility of car charging stations or the communication between machines. In fact, it is about whose companies have advantages in the end: “Whoever determines the rules of the game ensures that he always wins,” says Tyson Barker, technology expert at the German Society for Foreign Policy (DGAP).

The geopolitical power struggle between the USA, China and Europe is therefore also carried out in the field of standard-setting. At the same time, there is competition between systems, because technologies are not value-neutral – they often spread a basic ethical-political orientation.

For a long time it was the libertarian-capitalist mix of values ​​in Silicon Valley that set the rules of the digital world. But China’s tech firms are increasingly able to take on the US giants. And become messengers of an alternative understanding of values.

For example with the automatic recognition of voices and faces. Chinese companies such as Hikvision or Dahua Technology are leaders in the field of real-time identification of people using artificial intelligence. They benefit from massive support from the communist leadership, which has already rolled out a close-knit network of surveillance cameras in the cities.

Face recognition on a smartphone

China has already largely created facts, especially when it comes to facial recognition.

(Photo: AP)

While strict rules or even a ban on technology are being discussed in Europe, Beijing is uninhibitedly using its possibilities for its own purposes. And promotes export to other countries: According to a study by the foreign trade agency Germany Trade and Invest, Chinese video surveillance systems are used at 34 Indian airports.

Beijing’s calculation: If the domestic manufacturers manage to occupy the market first, the management can also dictate the technical fundamentals together with them. “If you are a technological leader and define the standards first, you also anchor your values,” says Tim Rühlig, an expert at the Swedish Institute of International Affairs in Stockholm.

The Chinese government is more powerful than Europe and the USA. In contrast to the European and American systems, standard-setting in China is primarily state-controlled. With the “China Standards 2035” initiative launched in 2018, Beijing has set itself the goal of setting industry standards worldwide.

Experts see the plan as a continuation of the controversial “Made in China 2025” strategy. This should make Chinese companies global market leaders in ten key technologies. The standardization project has a very high priority for the Chinese government: According to the Chinese standardization authority National Standardization Administration, standardization is to become part of the 14th five-year plan. In the plan, China’s leadership sets the direction of the world’s second largest economy for the period from 2021 to 2025.

China’s influence on the 6G network

One step further on the way to its destination is China in the latest cellular technology. The proportion of Chinese patents that are necessary to comply with standards has risen from around ten percent for 4G to around a third for 5G, says Rühlig. “If this trend continues, China could have a greater impact on 6G technology than any country has ever had on cellular technology.”

The leadership in Beijing is proceeding very strategically: It has given domestic companies such as Huawei and ZTE massive financial support in order to become leaders in the new generation of mobile communications, and at the same time created a huge market for them: While in Europe only the existing 4G As networks are upgraded, the government is investing billions in building an entirely new 5G network in the country. At the same time, the technological position was cemented by means of patents and standards; Beijing is providing targeted financial incentives for this.

The leadership is using the growing economic weight of China and its financial strength to determine the international rules of the game. This approach is not new – China has copied it from the West.

Chinese factory

While Western standards have so far determined global production processes, China is attacking this supremacy.

(Photo: dpa)

So far, Europe and the USA in particular have set the global standards. Its representatives dominate the committees of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) or the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). German experts in particular are disproportionately represented there, also because of the strength of the domestic industry. But China has significantly expanded its influence in recent years.

The EU and the USA now want to counter this together. The change in power in Washington opens up the opportunity for this. The EU has already proposed a Joint Council on Trade and Technology to US President-elect Joe Biden “to set regulations and standards that will be replicated around the world”. According to the Federal Ministry of Economics, transatlantic coordination is particularly important for a high-tech and export nation like Germany.

A project that has met with great interest in America. A group of experts led by foreign policy expert Nicholas Burns has just presented an agenda for cooperation with the EU on China policy. One of the most important projects: the establishment of a “transatlantic technology forum”, which aims to establish “global standards for the protection of privacy, competition, transparency and fairness”.

Economy builds on economies of scale through uniformity

The EU and the USA could therefore make a fresh attempt to coordinate more closely on the regulation and standard-setting of particularly new technologies. The first, extremely ambitious attempt to achieve this had failed with the TTIP free trade agreement. The approaches on both sides of the Atlantic were too different, the uneasiness in the population was too great – keyword chlorinated chickens. Ironically, it was only through the TTIP negotiations that Beijing fully realized the importance of standards, says Rühlig.

Uniform standards worldwide are important for the economy in order to achieve economies of scale. “Internationally uniform technological standards are of great importance for German machine and plant manufacturers,” says Claudia Barkowsky, representative of the Association of German Machine and Plant Manufacturers (VDMA) in Beijing. “They simplify the integration and dissemination of technologies, while configurations for individual markets are very expensive.”

Take smartphones, for example: It wasn’t long ago that European cell phones didn’t work in the US, American ones didn’t work in Europe. Today Apple can sell the same iPhone everywhere, whether in Denver, Düsseldorf or Delhi. That lowers the unit costs. In addition: The companies that have developed the standard also have a lead in time over those that have yet to adapt to the standard.

However, Beijing does not only want to enforce its standards in the world through technological progress. China also uses the controversial New Silk Road as the means of choice. With success, as can be seen from the example of trains. “Because China is exporting trains to countries in Africa as part of the Belt and Road strategy, these countries have adopted Chinese standards,” says EU expert Xu.

Beijing is working to further expand its influence along the former trade route. The Chinese government is currently discussing the establishment of a new regional standardization forum as part of the initiative with the participating countries, reports Rühlig. “This forum should challenge the existing international system and at the same time serve as a coordination platform to expand Beijing’s influence in the international standardization organizations.”

More: In five years’ time, all Bosch products should be equipped with artificial intelligence. The Stuttgart-based company is campaigning for ethical standards.

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ZTE Axon 20 5G: New smartphone with under-display camera now available for 449 euros in Europe

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INVISIBLE CAMERA -ZTE Axon 20 5G- ALUCINA !!! – clipset

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The first smartphone in the world with a camera hidden under the screen .. Available for purchase in Saudi Arabia and the UAE

The Chinese company ZTE has officially announced its smartphone ZTE Axon 20 5GIt is the first in the world with a front camera hidden under the screen without any notch or holes, in addition to its support for 5G communication technology, which reveals a new future for smart phone screens, starting from next year.
And according to the GSM Arena technical site, although it was not revealed ZTE About the price of the phone yet, but you can Reserve your copy of the phone with your e-mail, where you will be able to receive it on December 21, primarily through these countries.

1- Japan

2- European Union

3- Britain

4- South Korea

5- Thailand

6- Malaysia

7- The Philippines

8- United Arab Emirates

9- Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

10- Ukraine

11- South Africa

Phone specifications

The ZTE Axon 20 5G comes with a 6.92-inch OLED screen, with an update speed of 90 hertz per second, in addition to 4 rear cameras, the basic camera comes with 64 mega pixel camera with 8, 2 and 2 megapixels cameras, and the selfie camera under the screen is precisely 32 megapixels.

The phone came with a Qualcomm SDM765 Snapdragon 765G processor, with 6 and 8 GB random access memory, 128 and 256 GB of internal storage memory, with the ability to add an additional memory card.

The ZTE Axon 20 5G contains a 4220 mAh battery that supports 30-watt fast charging, and the phone is available in a number of colors, including black, white, purple and gold.

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Sweden excludes Chinese from 5G expansion

Huawei billboard in Beijing

The use of Chinese equipment in mobile communications is currently being critically examined in a number of countries in Europe.

(Photo: dpa)

Düsseldorf Business for the Chinese network supplier Huawei is becoming more and more difficult in Europe. After Great Britain and France, Sweden has now effectively excluded the company from expanding the new 5G mobile communications standard.

The Swedish Post and Telecommunications Authority (PTS) announced on Tuesday that in addition to Huawei, the Chinese network supplier ZTE would also be locked out of the 5G expansion. The reason for the step was an assessment by the Swedish army and Swedish security services.

The use of Chinese equipment in mobile communications is currently being critically examined in a number of countries in Europe. At the beginning of the year, Sweden implemented a new rule that stipulates that network equipment providers must first be checked by the army and security authorities before they can be used.

As a result, Huawei and ZTE have now been excluded from the network expansion. Components that have already been installed must be removed from the network by January 1, 2025 at the latest, PTS said. The domestic telecommunications equipment supplier Ericsson and the Finnish operator Nokia are likely to benefit from the ban.

A Huawei spokeswoman said on request: “There is no objective reason for the claim that Huawei represents a security threat. We consider Huawei’s exclusion based on an unfounded suspicion to be unfair and unacceptable.” ZTE’s reaction to the decision in Sweden was initially still out.

In Sweden, the frequencies in the range of 3.5 gigahertz that are important for 5G mobile communications will be auctioned from November 10th. The four companies Hi3G Access, Net4Mobility, Telia Sverige and Teracom will take part in the auction.

A final decision is still pending in Germany

Sweden’s approach is also very relevant for Germany. A final decision on the use of Huawei and ZTE is still pending in Germany. Planned rules already provide that outfitters have to undergo a safety check – similar to what has already happened in Sweden.

The US had mainly accused Huawei of acting as a gateway for Chinese espionage and sabotage and imposed sanctions on the company. Huawei had always denied the allegations and stressed that evidence of the allegation was never publicly presented.

Beijing is preparing for possible retaliation. According to a report by the state news agency Xinhua, the Chinese government has passed a new law in order to impose import restrictions on companies in other countries. Whether this could also mean the Swedish network supplier Ericsson was initially open. Ericsson has been supplying equipment for Chinese cellular networks for many years.

More: Belgium does without Huawei in the 5G expansion – and relies on Nokia

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New Google initiative keeps an eye on Android vulnerabilities

October 6, 2020 – While Google is already working hard to improve the security of Android, the company is now pushing the matter even further by exposing bugs for software that was not made by Google.

Google has unveiled a new initiative to help expose Android vulnerabilities in non-Pixel devices. The security vulnerabilities discovered are to be managed through the Android partner vulnerability initiative, especially in third-party Android devices.

Google didn’t explicitly name any company names in a blog post, but a bug tracker for the program mentioned several manufacturers. The company added that the initiative had already addressed a number of security vulnerabilities. In 2019, for example, Huawei had problems with unsafe device backups. Oppo and Vivo phones had sideloading vulnerabilities. ZTE had weaknesses in its messaging service and the browser autofill function. Other vendors affected were Meizu, chip maker Mediatek, Digitime, and Transsion.

Google notified all vendors before announcing the shortcomings and most, if not all, appear to have been fixed. The initiative is also a reminder to always keep devices up to date, but is also intended to put pressure on Google’s Android partners. (swe)

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USA considers Huawei and ZTE a security risk

Dhe government of the United States is determined to minimize the global influence of the Chinese telecommunications equipment supplier Huawei. The strategy has three elements: discourage potential Huawei customers, weaken Huawei – and strengthen the competition.

Winand von Petersdorff-Campen

The Chinese world market leader is suspected of providing access for Chinese security services around the world when expanding the 5G infrastructure for superfast internet. Huawei has always rejected the suspicion.

But Americans aren’t just about cybersecurity risks. They see 5G as one of the areas where global technology leadership will be decided, and they are quite annoyed to learn that there is no American supplier who can stand up to Huawei. Not yet.

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USA considers Huawei and ZTE a security risk

Dhe government of the United States is determined to minimize the global influence of the Chinese telecommunications equipment supplier Huawei. The strategy has three elements: discourage potential Huawei customers, weaken Huawei – and strengthen the competition.

Winand von Petersdorff-Campen

The Chinese world market leader is suspected of providing access for Chinese security services around the world when expanding the 5G infrastructure for superfast internet. Huawei has always rejected the suspicion.

But Americans aren’t just about cybersecurity risks. They see 5G as one of the areas where global technology leadership will be decided, and they are quite annoyed to learn that there is no American supplier who can stand up to Huawei. Not yet.

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For us, it’s about survival

Dhe Chinese network supplier and smartphone manufacturer Huawei has described the United States’ export restrictions as dramatic and damaging to business. “We will do everything we can to find solutions,” the company said on Monday. Chairman Guo Ping said Huawei is about “survival”. Huawei has complied with all the rules and regulations of the American government and expanded research and development.

“This decision was arbitrary and threatens to damage the entire industry globally,” Guo Ping warned at the annual analyst conference. “This new rule will affect the expansion, maintenance, and ongoing operation of hundreds of billions of dollars in networks that use our technology in more than 170 countries.”

Huawei is now increasingly developing its own processors, but is dependent on technologies that were developed in America in the production by contract manufacturers such as the Taiwanese company TSMC. Huawei could switch to suppliers in the People’s Republic of China with its chip design. According to experts, manufacturers like Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) are lagging two to three years behind current technical developments.

Trump argues with national security

On Friday, the Department of Commerce in Washington announced that chip makers would not be able to supply semiconductors to the world’s second largest producer of mobile phones based on software and technology from the United States. A corresponding export regulation will be added because Huawei is undermining previous export controls.

Last year, the American government under President Donald Trump blacklisted Huawei. Huawei needs the chips for its smartphones and network equipment.

In another measure, Trump had banned American companies from doing business with Chinese network suppliers Huawei and ZTE. He extended a decree declaring a national emergency and banning business between American companies and foreign corporations that could endanger the national security of the United States.

American intelligence agencies accuse market leader Huawei and ZTE of having ties to the government in Beijing. They suspect that these manufacturers’ equipment or cell phones could open a back door to spies to reveal state and company secrets or to cripple critical infrastructure.

Huawei vehemently rejects this. So far there is no evidence. The disputes take place at the highest political level. The tensions between Washington and Beijing sometimes had a serious impact on the world’s stock exchanges. In view of the extension of the American measures, the People’s Republic threatened retaliation against Apple and Cisco, for example.

States from around the world use Huawei’s offerings. In Germany, for example, Telekom uses Huawei technology for mobile networks. It is about the existing 4G standard. A security debate has flared up around the next 5G standard. For this purpose, the Federal Government has now presented a draft of a new IT security law, in which guidelines are given for manufacturers who want to participate in the development. The American government has also warned Germany several times against using Huawei.

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