Welcome to FIFA.com News – We Are Family, music for unity

  • Revival of the Sister Sledge classic to contribute to the fight against Covid-19
  • Special edition of We Are Family intended to raise funds and be a hymn to unity
  • FIFA supports World Health Organization’s Covid-19 campaigns

Out of solidarity and in support of the health efforts deployed in the fight against Covid-19, We Are Family, the legendary Grammy-nominated Sister Sledge hit, is about to make a comeback.

Released on November 9, 2020, this special edition aims to become an anthem of unity and to raise funds to help the WHO Foundation deal with global health emergencies, including the Covid-19 pandemic. .

The campaign is launched by The World We Want, a global social enterprise, and Kim Sledge, member of the legendary band with multiple gold and platinum records. The initiative is supported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the proceeds will be donated to the WHO Foundation.

“Doctors and front-line nurses, paramedics, police officers, midwives, scientists, helpers in the service of the most vulnerable: the initiative We Are Family pays tribute to each of them in a spirit of unity, strength and solidarity, in response to the unprecedented challenges facing the world as a result of the coronavirus epidemic, “commented Kim Sledge.

The whole world is invited to take part in the campaign. To do this, all you have to do is record yourself singing to the tune of the famous hit and share your video. The final cut will air in December.

FIFA has supported WHO campaigns throughout 2020. For more information on this topic and other contributions from the world’s footballing body during the pandemic, visit our COVID Resource Center -19.


Kindergarten teacher and Nazi bully (daily newspaper Junge Welt)

In flagranti: On the sidelines of the »Coronademo«, the neo-Nazis Sven Liebich and Caroline K. (center) beat a press representative (Leipzig, November 7th, 2020)

There were certainly disturbing moments when a person from the college of the social association Volkssolidarität Saale-Kyffhäuser e. V. in videos of the “lateral thinking” demo at the weekend in Leipzig identified a kindergarten teacher from the same sponsor while beating up a photographer. The matter has immediate consequences for the 24-year-old neo-Nazi activist Caroline K., who previously worked in a daycare center in Halle (Saale): The People’s Solidarity released her from work at the weekend and organized legal support for possible labor law disputes. The people’s solidarity, which was founded shortly after the liberation from fascism and celebrated its 75th anniversary a few weeks ago, has a long GDR tradition, is now independent of parties and sees itself as a representative of the interests of the socially disadvantaged, refugees, children and young people, for example.

Since when K. has been working in that daycare center is unclear. However, as early as six weeks ago, leaflets with their names and the heading “Caution Neo-Nazi” appeared not far from the facility. The flyer also shows K. on a photo with a smartphone cover that depicts the »Black Sun« popular with neo-Nazis and already with the SS (see jW from February 26th). In addition, it is made public on the leaflet where K. works that she regularly films left-wing demonstrations and protesters and that she appears “aggressive and ready to use violence”. She is also said to be the life partner of the bustling neo-Nazi Sven Liebich from Halle. Across from young world On Monday, the staff at the daycare center in question did not want to comment on how long K.’s activities had been known there. According to a post by world from Monday, however, several parents whose children are attending the day-care center are said to have demanded personal consequences because of K’s extremely right-wing activities. Accordingly, there had been a lengthy personal interview in which K. on the one hand “distanced himself from extremism of any kind” and on the other, as the report nebulously stated, admitted “her connections to demonstrations in Halle”.

A video from Saturday, published by the Jewish Forum for Democracy and Against Anti-Semitism (JFDA eV), shows how a mob of at least ten people in Leipzig attacks journalists, targeting one man in particular. As was so often the case that day, the police initially did not intervene, although patrol cars can be seen near the crime scene. K. is almost permanently directly involved in the attack, which according to the video must have lasted almost 20 seconds. The photographer is hit and kicked several times with his fist and elbow. According to media reports, Sven Liebich himself is said to have been involved in the attack on the journalists, dressed in a white painter’s suit.

There are repeated reports about neo-Nazis and other organized rights as employees in child and youth care facilities. So reported the Mainpost in March of a case near Aschaffenburg, where an extreme right-wing “comrade” worked as a nanny in a Caritas daycare center, but a court refused to dismiss the woman. The Lausitzer Rundschau published a report from Cottbus in February, where a leading member of the fascist “Identitarian Movement” had been employed as a social worker in a youth facility and was at least suspended following public pressure.


New positives in Llagostera and postponed Huesca-Girona

Llagostera was forced to request the suspension of Sunday’s match against L’Hospitalet and will hardly be able to play what was planned in Lleida next weekend. Yesterday, the Barça club detected two new positives, which have already raised the number of infected to four, which means that the duel of this day will also have to be rescheduled. As explained yesterday by coach Oriol Alsina, all those affected are “confined at home, but are well”, a situation that also keeps the other members of the team in quarantine, following the protocols of the Federation and the Generalitat.

In Llagostera they are now experiencing the situation that Olot already experienced at the beginning of the season and that forced them to postpone the first two games of the Second B League, against Cornellà (it will be played on Wednesday next week) and Barça B. The Garrotxins have already overcome this bad trance of those affected by the covid-19 and were able to start competing on Sunday in Tarragona, with a 2-0 defeat. Barça had drawn on the first day against Andorra, rested in the second, and could not play the third against Hospitalet. They will not be able to visit Lleida either, and in the best of cases the resumption of the competition could be in the Badalona field on November 15.

The coronavirus will also affect Bàsquet Girona this week, which, after losing on Sunday in Fontajau against TAU ​​Castellón (72-74), will not be able to play on the Huesca court on Friday for the fourth day of the LEB Or. The staff of the Aragonese team is confined from last week until Friday, complying with the quarantine marked by the FEB, due to the detection of two positives per covid. The new match date will be determined in the coming days. Last weekend Huesca already postponed their duel with the Canoe. Carles Marco’s team, therefore, will not resume the competition until November 15, when they receive Almansa in Fontajau. On the other hand, this week the Honor Silver handball division stops and does not resume until November 14 (Sant Martí Adrianenc-Bordils, Sarrià-Novàs). Bordils, confined to having detected positives, hopes to be able to train again on Saturday.


Current corona rules for Bavaria in the partial lockdown – Bavaria

Hard contact restrictions, closed restaurants and swimming pools, no more club sports for a month: the state government imposed a partial lockdown across Bavaria in November in order to slow down the rapid spread of the corona virus. It decided this on Thursday, October 29th – one day after the federal-state meeting, at which the Prime Ministers and the Chancellor agreed on nationwide uniform restrictions. These should apply from November 2nd until the end of the month. The Free State has adopted the resolution, but some further restrictions remain in place. An overview of the regulations and changes in Bavaria.

Contact restrictions and mask requirement

In Bavaria, one has generally been in effect since March Contact restriction. Everyone is fundamentally obliged to meet as few people as possible who do not live with them and to keep a minimum distance of 1.5 meters. From November 2nd, the rules will be tightened significantly: Then only a maximum of ten people who belong to a maximum of two households – for example two families. This applies to all meetings, in public as well as in private. A fine may be levied for violations. So far, the contact restrictions were linked to the local infection process – that is now no longer applicable.

The rules for Mask requirementas they have been in effect in many areas of public life since April – in shops, public transport, medical practices, old people’s homes and many more. You don’t have to wear a proper protective mask there, you just need to cover your mouth and nose, which you can sew yourself, a scarf or cloth. Everyone from their sixth birthday must wear a cover. If you don’t do this, you have to pay 250 euros in a one-off case and a fine of 500 euros for repetitions. The police and staff on buses and trains check that the mask requirement is observed. In concrete terms, this means in local transport: It applies not only to buses, trains or taxis, but also to waiting at the bus stop or platform.

Gastronomy and tourism

Eateries, bars and pubs have to lock up all in November. Clubs and discos too – but they have been closed continuously since March. Gastronomy is generally prohibited, there are only two exceptions: landlords can continue to sell take-away food and canteens remain open.

Over the weekend, up to and including Sunday, November 1st, the previous rules in gastronomy still apply: Anyone who is allowed to meet according to the rules of the contact restrictions can sit together at a table. Guests must give their name and address and are only allowed to take their mouthguards off at the table, the service staff must wear a breathing mask. Infringements against this will be punished with a fine. In large parts of Bavaria there is a corona curfew of 9 p.m., 10 p.m. or 11 p.m. – depending on the number of infections in the respective district or in the respective city.

Hotels, guest houses and campsites May no longer accommodate tourists from November 2nd, only business travelers. All citizens should refrain from “unnecessary private trips and visits, including from relatives”, including day trips. Meetings, congresses or fairs are forbidden – as is the case with “all kinds of events”, the state government has decided, including, for example, club meetings.

All leisure facilities and cultural sites too

Leisure and cultural facilities are closed for a month. This applies from November 2nd for all theaters, operas, concert halls and other cultural sites, for cinemas, amusement parks and providers of leisure activities (inside and outside), for amusement arcades, casinos, betting shops and similar facilities, for swimming pools and fun pools, saunas, Thermal baths, fitness studios, wellness facilities, brothels and also for museums and zoos.

Up to and including Sunday, November 1st, there is still operation here in compliance with the applicable hygiene requirements. For cultural events, there is an upper limit of 200 visitors, provided they have permanently assigned seats, otherwise 100 people – and in the municipalities in the dark red area of ​​the so-called Corona traffic light, there is a limit of 50 visitors (see below). All visitors to events must wear a mouth and nose cover when entering and leaving the building, but may take them off when they are seated.

All libraries and libraries – as well as advice centers and social institutions – will remain open in November.

Shopping is still possible

Unlike in March, the partial lockdown will remain in November shops open. The previous requirements continue to apply there: for example, a mask requirement or a maximum number of customers. Allow your services to continue offering too Hairdressers, but not cosmetic or tattoo studios, massage practices and similar service providers.

Schools and daycare centers in regular operation

In the Kindergartens, nurseries or crèches Since the summer holidays there has been at least halfway regular operation taking into account hygiene rules. Children with a cold and runny nose are not automatically excluded from attending daycare. However, the state government has provided restrictions in the event that the number of infections increases. Closing facilities completely for some time should definitely be the last option.

Also to the schools an almost normal lesson should take place, hygiene measures apply. If more than 35 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants occur within seven days in a district or an independent city, a mask requirement is also imposed in class from the fifth grade onwards. If this value, the so-called seven-day incidence, increases to more than 50, it should also apply to primary school lessons – and a minimum distance of 1.5 meters in the classroom. In most cases this means: the class has to be divided, the students alternately go to school and stay at home (distance learning). The decision on this is made in the individual municipalities.

To the Colleges and universities The state government wants to enable face-to-face events again from this winter semester – and generally as a regular form. However, a maximum of 200 people should be allowed to participate in seminars or lectures.

Off for amateur and popular sports

The leisure and amateur sports activities must be suspended for the entire month from November 2nd – “with the exception of individual sports alone, in pairs or with your own household”, according to the state government’s decision. So this applies to training as well as competitions or games. There is one exception here too: the professional sports area. Its events take place without spectators.

Visits to clinics and nursing homes allowed

Visits to Hospitals, retirement homes and facilities for the disabled are generally possible. However, minimum distances, hygiene rules and a ban on entry in the event of symptoms of illness are also prescribed. And in many houses, the porters and operators have already restricted access in order to minimize the risk of infection.

Demonstrations allowed – under certain conditions

The following rules apply to Meetings and demonstrations: They are allowed as long as all participants keep the minimum distance from each other and also from third parties (such as passers-by). In addition, a mask is mandatory for larger gatherings in the open air. The local authorities may have to ensure this by imposing conditions – or by limiting a demo to 100 people at a fixed location.

Conditions for church services

Religious gatherings are also allowed under certain conditions. According to the state government, this includes a minimum distance of 1.50 meters between visitors, unless they live together in one household. When entering or exiting a Church, synagogue or mosque a mouth and nose covering must be worn. In addition, special hygiene rules are necessary – for example: no touch when giving communion, no kiss on the Torah in the synagogue, in the mosques everyone should bring their own prayer rug and Koran, in the churches the singing visit.

Special rules for commuters

Commuters from high-risk areas abroad have been obliged to test since October 23: Anyone who “regularly travels to Bavaria at least once a week to stay there for professional or business reasons, for training purposes or to attend school or university” must inform the local authorities without being asked Submit a negative corona test within seven days and then regularly once a week. This is what the state government decree says. This obligation applies primarily to commuters from Austria and the Czech Republic.

Corona traffic light: Local restrictions for many new infections

The rules described above apply nationwide. In addition, there are a few special regulations for those counties and urban districts that exceed the 35, 50 or 100 mark for the seven-day incidence – currently almost all of them in the Free State. These rules remain in force.

Yellow: If the 35 new infections per 100,000 population in seven days No more alcohol may be sold or drunk in public places between 9 p.m. and 6 a.m. The mask requirement also applies from the fifth grade in class, in busy public places, in public buildings (e.g. in the entrance area, in the elevator or in the hallway) and in companies at the respective workplace if the minimum distance cannot be maintained there, as well as in “meeting areas” “(for example in the elevator or in the hallway).

Rot: Once the seven-day incidence is the Value of 50 the respective district or urban district must bring the ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol to 10 p.m. The mask requirement then also applies to lessons in elementary schools and in after-school care centers.

Dark red: If the seven-day incidence rises to a value of more than 100, the ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol is brought forward to 9 p.m.

The Bavarian Ministry of Health publishes updated daily from 3 p.m. on its website which municipalities are in the yellow, red or dark red area. The stricter rules apply there for five more days after the critical value has been fallen below again.


The Dutch radio takes cover

NOS. These three letters are deleted from the company car. They stand for the “Nederlandse Omroep Stichting”, the public broadcaster in the Netherlands. Its reporters will drive to filming appointments as unrecognized as possible, without the logo of their station, because they and their vehicles have been subjected to massive attacks in the recent past.

There were more than a hundred incidents in the course of this year, wrote the editor-in-chief of “NOS Nieuws”, Marcel Gelauff, on his own behalf at the end of last week. According to Gelauff, a step had been taken that could not have been imagined before. In the spring, the technicians, who are mainly out and about with the OB vans, voted against removing the logos, but the situation has deteriorated drastically since then.

“This decision is a defeat for the NOS, but above all for journalism,” wrote Gelauff. But one is forced to do so for security reasons. A separate website has been set up to report attacks on journalists. The decision of NOS caused consternation, in other media in the Netherlands, in politics and also in this country. “That is frightening,” said the federal chairman of the German Association of Journalists (DJV), Frank Überall. But the protective measure is apparently unavoidable. It is “bad that radio journalists now have to go into public hiding in order to still be able to do their job”.

The fact that journalists have to “go into hiding” in this sense in order to be able to report that they are being attacked on the street marks a situation that is also becoming entrenched for us. The targeted attack on a camera team from the “heute show” in Berlin in May, on the sidelines of a demonstration against the federal government’s corona measures, highlighted this. Fifteen attackers struck and five were injured. The “European Center for Press and Media Freedom” (ECPMF) counted 119 attacks on journalists in Germany between the beginning of 2015 and the spring of 2019, and quite a few have now been added.

Right at the beginning of the year, the observer station noted three attacks on television employees: at a “demonstration of the left spectrum” in Leipzig, an Iranian rally in Berlin and a court case in Zwickau. In March, a Berlin rapper attacked a camera team. Of the fourteen physical attacks in 2019, eleven could be assigned to the right-wing political spectrum. “Both the field of those affected and the groups of perpetrators” have expanded, writes the European Center for Press Freedom. The summary of the overview is already in the title: “Feindbild Journalist. Threat as a normal state “.

“Anyone who practices violence against journalists has the basic right of freedom of the press and freedom of expression in their sights. That is not acceptable anywhere, neither in Germany nor in the Netherlands, ”says DJV boss Überall. The seeds of the “lying press” propagandists, who see themselves in the “resistance” against the supposedly media-political complex, from the Pegida marches to the Corona demos of these days, are now growing.

There is no question of “normal”. That will only be achieved again when the Dutch radio shows its logo again without fear of attack and the balance sheet of the “European Center for Press and Media Freedom” does not read as it did this year.


Away from the “hero” plus for everyone – How more targeted remuneration can be achieved

Dhe Berlin Charité is one of the many places where Ver.di is causing a stir this week. On Monday, employees there began warning strikes on the early shift, and these are to end on Tuesday with the late shift. There are similar campaigns nationwide in clinics, municipal utilities, daycare centers and other facilities.

The goal: The union wants to persuade employers to make concessions in the collective bargaining of the public service of the federal and local governments. But with that she moves on thin ice. This is not only due to the fact that citizens, who are already plagued by a pandemic, have to accept further restrictions. But also in the demands and arguments behind the strikes.

Because the negotiations for the 2.4 million employees are about wage increases that other employees can currently only dream of. Ver.di and the Beamtenbund DBB are demanding 4.8 percent more wages and salaries for a one-year term, but at least an additional 150 euros per month. Ver.di immediately rejected the first offer from employers last Friday, which includes an increase of 3.5 percent in three annual stages, as “disrespectful”.

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Systemically relevant but moderately paid?  Employees do not earn less than the average in all systemically important occupations

The unions rely on a strategy of generalization: They declare the employees to be Corona heroes who have achieved extraordinary things in the crisis and have therefore earned more money. But the argument lags – and shortly before the third round of negotiations on October 22nd and 23rd, it fuels demands for a moderate deal and more targeted remuneration.

“There are more weighty arguments in favor of a moderate wage round than for a substantial increase,” said Clemens Fuest, President of the Ifo Institute, in Munich. “The adaptation should be differentiated.” That is entirely possible – at least in part.

Central criteria: Overall economic development and budget situation

To argue with exceptional performance in the Corona crisis meets with contradiction. “The hero argument does not apply to the entire public service, because many professional groups are not affected by the pandemic,” said Torsten Schmidt, Economic Director of the RWI Leibniz Institute for Economic Research. As an example, he cites the research institutes, which also belong to the public service.

In principle, less data is available than in the free economy, where indicators such as turnover, profit and productivity play a role. In the past, the trade unions mostly used wage developments in the economy as a whole or in other sectors for orientation. Ifo President Fuest does not see any major backlog that needs to be made up. From 2009 to 2018, collective wages in the public sector rose nominally by around 24 percent. The overall economic average was 25 percent.

Source: WORLD infographic

Another criterion is the budget situation. “We expect a historically high deficit at the federal government and many municipalities,” said Schmidt. “You shouldn’t ask for a wage increase that goes well above inflation.” For the next year, the RWI is expecting an inflation rate of 1.5 percent.

The crisis also shows the value of another advantage: job security. From Fuest’s point of view, this is also an argument for reluctance to raise wages – which must also be co-financed by those taxpayers who fear for their jobs.

What differentiation is there so far?

The professions are divided into different pay groups. Right at the top, in group 15, belong, for example, specialists at the health authorities and managers of a municipal company with “considerable responsibility”. In group 1, on the other hand, there are cloakroom staff and staff in the food counter. Because of this alone there are distinctions.

Special negotiations are also possible. For example, there are extra tables for savings banks and health professions as part of the current collective bargaining round. The offer of the umbrella organization VKA (Association of Municipal Employers’ Associations) includes, for example, a so-called care allowance, which is intended to bring employees in hospitals and care facilities 50 euros more per month.

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Allowances for intensive care staff and alternating shifts are also provided. For employees of the health authorities who were particularly exposed to the pandemic, the employers propose separate one-off payments. In particular, Ver.di described the proposals for the health sector as “really brazen”.

“In areas in which the public service has difficulties in recruiting qualified personnel, more leeway for better pay makes sense,” said Ifo President Fuest. One way to improve certain groups is to raise them to higher pay groups. “If there is a consensus to upgrade certain professions, these tariff classifications should be fundamentally changed,” explains Kai-Uwe Müller from the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW).

What additional differentiation is possible – and which is not?

There are separate tables for educators and carers, for example. However, the DIW researcher does not find it sensible to differentiate between professions during negotiations. Because it would amount to complicated agreements in which many individual points would have to be negotiated, says Müller.

RWI economic chief Schmidt sees another problem: “If negotiations were carried out separately for different professions, small groups could build up massive pressure to enforce their demands.” Other groups would come away empty-handed.

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May 24th, 2020, Berlin.  A woman wears a cloth over her mouth to protect against the novel coronavirus, while she is in front of a Diakonie poster with the inscription "Thank you!  Your everyday hero.  #to listen.  Now at unerhoert.de" passes by.  Acceptance speeches, expressions of thanks and applause for people in systemically important professions in the corona crisis are controversial.  Many of those affected would prefer a wage increase rather than cheap gestures.  ATTENTION: Use only in full format.  Photo: Wolfram Steinberg / dpa |  Usage worldwide

Wage dispute in the public service

For him, the solution lies in one-time recognition. “With bonus payments you can reward people who are particularly stressed and burdened,” says Schmidt. “But it doesn’t make sense that the Corona heroes earn more in the long term because they were so stressed during the crisis.” The extra work should then be separated from the general change in wages.

An additional means of differentiation is the so-called performance-oriented payment, or LOB for short. The clear majority of municipal employers have agreed on such a system, according to the head association VKA. The performance is systematically evaluated or target agreements are used.

Ver.di thinks little of the instrument. LOB is used very differently: “It ranges from sophisticated systems to the watering can principle. Nobody really caught fire for this instrument, ”said the union.

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Ver.di boss on the tariff dispute

In their view, what speaks against LOB is that it is difficult to measure performance. As an example, she cites a legal department. Various performance assessment criteria are conceivable here: the number of processes processed, the procedures won or avoided. Perhaps conflicts should have been defused even better beforehand or “citizen-friendliness” had to be factored in.

“This should make it clear that incentive systems in the administration can have very contradicting effects,” says Ver.di. The union therefore wants to abolish LOB. Employers see it differently. In the current collective bargaining round, they propose to be able to use the money available for LOB for other purposes – for example for grants for fitness studios or job tickets.

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In the depot: An employee of the Stuttgarter Straßenbahnen AG stands on a light rail during the warning strike

The collective bargaining partners will have to continue debating this on Thursday and Friday. The only thing that seems certain is that there will probably be no increased remuneration based on performance.


Day care strike: “We parents are at the limit because of Corona” – Munich

In the middle of the pandemic, daycare centers are closed because the teachers are on strike for more money. Is that appropriate? A dispute between a parent representative and a union secretary.

This Monday there will be another strike in the public sector, including in daycare centers. Many urban crèches, kindergartens and after-school care centers will probably not open. The trade unions Verdi and GEW call on the workers in the municipal care facilities to go on a warning strike. Among other things, the trade unions are demanding 4.8 percent more salaries in the nationwide collective bargaining negotiations. In Munich, the garbage collection, street cleaning and the city clinics are also on strike. The fact that educators in particular are called on to walk out angered many parents during the last warning strike at the end of September. Is the anger justified? The union secretary Merle Pisarz von Verdi, a trained educator, and Daniel Gromotka, one of the top parents’ representatives in Munich, are discussing this.


Franco’s Heirs: The Mysterious Wealth of the Franco Clan in Spain

Dhe business with ships is only a tiny part of the trading activities of the seven sons of Carmen Franco, the dictator’s only daughter, who died in 2017 at the age of 91. According to research by “El País”, the grandsons of the former Spanish head of state have a network of 21 companies with total net assets of 102.5 million euros and 258 properties. The properties include a palace, 22 residential buildings. 195 garage spaces, 29 country houses, five commercial areas and three pastures.

But how did this business model come about? Behind this is a general who, as head of state, received an annual salary of just 50,000 pesetas in 1940 – today that would be a few hundred euros.

To understand this strange fact a little better, one has to go to the heart of Madrid. There is a stately building in the Salamanca district, number eight on Hermanos Bécquer Street. Here is the crown jewel of the Franco clan.


Educator about Corona time: “A very tiresome phase” – politics

Erni Schaaf-Peitz has been an educator for 45 years, but she has never experienced a year like this. Complete closure, limited emergency care, extended emergency care, limited regular operation – and above all the sword of Damocles hovers from a renewed closure. The head of a daycare center in Wittlich, Rhineland-Palatinate, and her team look after 107 children between the ages of zero and six. Schaaf-Peitz is 65 and could actually stay at home as a risk patient. But she also sees the crisis as a challenge.

SZ: Ms. Schaaf-Peitz, you just had a meeting with your team. Was it about Corona?

Erni Schaaf-Peitz: Of course, it’s always about Corona. But unlike on March 13th, when we had to close, we are now well prepared. Back then I was very naive and thought, well, it will all be over by Easter. I wasn’t aware that this would be a never-ending story.

What did you have to pay attention to?

We worked very closely in so-called settings right up to the restricted regular operation. These are groups of children who are regularly cared for in the same composition, in clearly defined indoor and outdoor rooms with the same educators in a facility. That means strict separation. And in the end we did the opposite of what we were supposed to do: We kept children from social contact.

How did the children react when they suddenly lost their daily routine?

When we opened again in August after the summer vacation, we were amazed at how quickly the children settled in again. Even the younger ones.

In many areas we are now faced with the question of whether daycare centers should be closed. What do you make of it?

I see a new lockdown as critical. You have to weigh up: how much stress – and lockdown means stress for many – can children endure, how much can they be expected to do? You have to pay attention to the proportionality. At the moment they definitely enjoy being together and are full of game ideas.

They usually work in the open concept. Were the children sad when they couldn’t get together with their friends because of a group?

What does sad mean? Ultimately, it can also offer opportunities. One should therefore not say: “Oh God, you poor Hascherl, now you cannot meet your friend.” But: “Let’s do something with Emil, that’s really exciting.” During that time, children also discovered other teachers, including other teachers – what can now also be worn.

What have you changed in the rooms in the emergency care?

The rooms were like in the 70s again. Here a little building corner, there a little doll corner, games corner, dining area. It was then more of a pedagogy on offer, less of the children making their own way through the house. I still knew that, my God. In the 1970s I had 30 children in the group with the door closed.

Back then there was nothing with an open concept.

No. What did I do in the group room when children walked over tables and benches? I said: So, you’re too wild now, sit down and do a puzzle. Ultimately, I punished the child and prevented him from exercising. Children are very self-determined personalities, and when you deal with them, you have to structure everyday day-to-day life in a different way. Nowadays, children often go to daycare longer than they do to elementary school when they are one year old – and they are usually here all day. And all in one room? How are they supposed to appropriate the world and develop healthily? The day care center is the children’s house, and there they should be able to move around in every corner inside and outside.

How can parents still get involved at the moment?

Due to the Corona, this is completely different than usual. The parents brought the children in the morning and sometimes brought a little time with them so that the children could slowly get involved in the day. The house was very lively, now it is exclusively a house for the children and the teachers. The parents stay outside.

But not while getting used to it?

This is currently being done in the outdoor area. Otherwise we have prepared the space for movement so that the parents can spend time with the reference educator and the child who is to be accustomed to and build the relationship there. But without other children! A careful acclimatization must be, however. It can’t be the way I experienced it, in the 70s. The children were handed over and the parents left and the child naturally screamed. And then they said: the child has to go through that.

How do you prepare for the fall infection phase?

It’s sure to come back every year. We have always been challenged here and are usually a little sovereign. As long as the green snot doesn’t come out, a child with a cuddly nose can move around the daycare center. Otherwise it would not be possible, because otherwise children would be absent for almost the entire winter phase. It’s a very exhausting, very tiresome phase. Parents despair because they have to stay home again. But under Corona we have to carefully weigh up what is one step too much. And the teachers are now challenged differently. Where we used to come to daycare with a bit of a sore throat or a cold, we may now have to withdraw. I expect a massive loss of staff as a result.

Your day care center has a nature-friendly concept, your pedagogy is animal-based with goats, fish, dogs and chickens.

Are you outside in winter too? We have always perceived the outside space to be of equal value. And the parents know that it is our concept that the children always have weatherproof clothing with them. I’ve been promoting it for years. And now, under Corona, it gets a different urgency. We are talking about aerosol release, we are talking about increased ventilation. What can be better than moving outside? It also strengthens the immune system, something that has not just been known since Kneipp.

But how should daycare centers in the city center implement this?

Yes, you have to be creative and look for solutions. You just have to get going. And Corona can very well offer opportunities to think a little bit differently from what was previously thought primarily in terms of space.


Can my child go to daycare or school with a cold?

Are cold children allowed to daycare or school in Corona times? In many federal states there are now clear instructions for this. But some educators have their own rules. And the uncertainty about certain symptoms remains.

“The child has a cold!” – For many parents for months this automatically meant having to look after their offspring at home. Daycare centers and schools sent girls and boys back home even if they had only mild cold symptoms for fear of a corona infection or did not even accept them. In the meantime, mothers and fathers can breathe a sigh of relief nationwide: in most federal states, children with a cold nose are allowed to go to school and daycare. There are now clear recommendations, as a survey by the German Press Agency shows. In Saxony-Anhalt these are called “Schnupfenpapier”.

This will provide a lot of relief for parents, because colds are common in children: “In the first winter of kindergarten children get ten to 15 infections, in the second it is still five to ten,” explains Jakob Maske, Berlin pediatrician and spokesman of the professional association of paediatricians.

Infection protection or educational mandate

Bremen’s Senator for Health Claudia Bernhard (Linke) emphasized during the summer holidays that there must be a balance between infection protection and the educational and social mandate. Mild cold symptoms are not a sufficient reason to have to stay at home.

Often the guidelines are now clear, for example in Berlin. There, parents use a scheme to find out how to proceed: Children who have a cold or cough but no fever are allowed to continue attending daycare or school. If the temperature rises to 38.5 degrees with these symptoms, the child must stay at home for at least 24 hours. If you have further and / or worsened symptoms, a visit to a doctor is recommended. A corona test may then be initiated there, according to the education administration.

“Certificates or negative smears are not necessary”

In his practice, Jakob Maske experiences, however, that not all educators and teachers adhere to this scheme: “Even now our waiting rooms are quite full. Daycare and school children are presented with mostly only cold symptoms.” Despite the very good requirements of the Senate Administration, certificates or negative smears are often required – neither of which is necessary, according to the doctor. “The indication for a test is always provided by the doctor and not by a teacher.”

As in Berlin, there are also clear recommendations in other federal states. While in the capital, for example, persistent cough is an exclusion criterion, in Hamburg or Baden-Württemberg one speaks of dry cough, provided it is not caused by a chronic illness. And while the rules for daycare centers and schools apply in Berlin, other countries differentiate here.

In Saxony-Anhalt, for example, parents of daycare children have to make a written declaration that they will only send their child to daycare without typical Covid 19 symptoms. In the past there have been many complaints because daycare centers sent children home with a runny nose, said Minister of Social Affairs Petra Grimm-Benne (SPD) of the dpa. This has not existed since the new regulation. The Ministry of Education has published a “sniff paper” with recommendations for primary school children.

In North Rhine-Westphalia, on the other hand, children with a cold must first be observed at home for 24 hours. If their condition improves and no additional symptoms occur, they are allowed to go to school. In Bavaria, children with mild symptoms such as a runny nose and occasional cough are allowed to go to school if they have not developed a fever within 24 hours – an exception is made for primary school students.

The most common corona symptoms in children

According to the Robert Koch Institute, fever and cough are among the most common symptoms of a corona infection in children with SARS-CoV-2 infection – as in adults. However, a recent study in Great Britain confirms that other symptoms can often be more pronounced in children. Around half of them have no fever, no cough and no loss of smell or taste, report researchers in the journal “BMJ”.

Gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea, loss of appetite or vomiting are quite common. Rash and headache are also mentioned as possible symptoms. With such rather unspecific signs, parents should be advised to leave the children at home until the symptoms have subsided, explained Tim Spector of King’s College London. In half of the cases considered for the study, however, the children had no symptoms at all.

Before the introduction of the new recommendations, there had been quite a proliferation nationwide: Some facilities required pediatricians to give a certificate that an infection with the coronavirus could be excluded. Others even wanted to see a PCR test result. Pediatricians sounded the alarm and warned of overcrowded practices. Parents feared for their jobs because they no longer saw themselves in a position to look after their children at home any longer after the corona-related school and daycare closings. The federal states reacted and published their recommendations for action.

From the point of view of doctors, autumn could still be difficult. “Now the children meet again in schools and daycare centers. It is unavoidable that germs are exchanged and the children get sick,” said the chairwoman of the Brandenburg General Practitioner Association, Karin Harre. The association is therefore considering whether children from the age of six should also go to the family doctor in order to relieve the pediatrician practice.

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