Restart of transatlantic relations with question marks

Berlin, Düsseldorf Not only Donald Trump has left the Oval Office, Andrew Jackson has also been removed from his place of honor. Trump saw in the agitator Jackson, the seventh President of the USA, a role model for his populist politics.

Joe Biden, the new man in the White House, replaced the Jackson portrait to the left of his desk with a picture of Benjamin Franklin, the scientist and constitutional father. Other places in Biden’s office are now commemorating prominent statesmen. For example with a bust of Franklin D. Roosevelt, who steered America out of the Great Depression and then through World War II.

The message that Biden wants to send is clear: He wants to rule on the basis of scientific knowledge, the time of unpredictable gut decisions is over. He wants to fight against the economic hardships of the lower classes, who are particularly hard hit by the consequences of the pandemic.

“Let’s start over,” shouted Biden at his inauguration. And the 46th President immediately took action. Seldom has a new US administration got off to such an ambitious start. Biden had hardly taken a seat in the Oval Office in a black mask and blue tie when he signed the first decrees. Biden does not wait for the new congress to agree on laws; like his predecessor, he uses the presidential power of the “Executive Orders”.

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“We have no time to lose,” he says to the reporters who jostle around him in the Oval Office. Emergency governance: Biden takes power amid an unprecedented crisis. 400,000 Americans have fallen victim to the pandemic. Ten million lost their jobs.

Change of power in the USA

President Joe Biden and Vice-President Kamala Harris were sworn in on Wednesday.

(Photo: AFP)

And the political camps, Biden’s Democrats and Trump’s Republicans, are hostile to each other. The political rift that Trump created four years ago is deeper than it has been since the Civil War: a large proportion of Republican voters still believe in the myth of the “stolen election victory”.

Resolving these crises will absorb all the energy of the new president in the coming months. “The forces that divide us,” says Biden, “are deep and genuine”. Its foreign policy will initially be derived primarily from domestic policy goals.

Telephone calls with other heads of state and government are planned for the coming days. However, Biden does not want to present any concrete foreign policy plans until February.

Nowhere does the relief at the change of power in Washington seem to be greater than in Berlin. “There is a much wider area of ​​agreement with Biden,” said Chancellor Angela Merkel on Thursday. She in particular had to endure Trump’s unrest in the past four years, the ex-president saw Germany as a competitor, not a partner.

Biden looks ahead

Now there is a new tone in Washington: “We will repair our alliances and get involved in the world again,” said Biden in his inaugural address. “Not to master yesterday’s challenges, but those of today and tomorrow.”

Angela Merkel receives Joe Biden at the Chancellery in 2013

As Barack Obama’s Vice President, the 78-year-old has already worked closely with the Chancellor.

(Photo: dpa)

From a European perspective, Biden’s presidency could not have started better. In fact, there are great hopes for a restart of the transatlantic relationship. Union parliamentary group leader Ralph Brinkhaus is now calling for “a new attempt at TTIP, ie a free trade agreement with the USA”. Brinkhaus told the Handelsblatt that we could only show strength against China if we united with the USA. “Such an agreement will determine the future prosperity of Germany and Europe,” said CDU General Secretary Paul Ziemiak.

Economists doubt whether a relaunch of TTIP is realistic for the foreseeable future. “Biden also stands for” buy american “, says Michael Hüther, director of the Institute for German Economics. And the areas of conflict are the same as when the TTIP failed.

But first the internal crisis will take center stage in the USA. Biden’s most important tool is his “American rescue plan”. With an additional $ 1.9 trillion, he wants to accelerate vaccination, alleviate the economic hardship of citizens and support businesses. Direct payments to citizens of $ 1,400 are planned again.

Adjusted for inflation, that is more than one and a half times the amount that President Barack Obama mobilized during the financial crisis. Last spring, Congress provided $ 2.3 trillion.

Biden also plans to raise the minimum wage from $ 7.25 today to $ 15. He wants to increase unemployment benefits from $ 300 to $ 400 a week and extend the benefit period until September this year. For the not too distant future, the new president is preparing an infrastructure program that will also cost a few trillion dollars.

The national debt – currently at around 130 percent of GDP – is apparently no problem for Janet Yellen, Treasury Secretary-designate. “Without further action, we risk a longer, more painful recession and later a longer-term burden on the economy,” said the 74-year-old economist at her hearing before the Senate Finance Committee. “In the long run, I believe the benefits will far outweigh the costs.”

Together with the corona aid already passed by Trump, the state stimulus injections would, according to calculations by the independent Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, drive the US budget deficit by more than five trillion dollars. The deficit ratio had already headed towards a value of more than ten percent of gross domestic product (GDP).

Deficit spending with an impact on foreign policy

And that’s part of the truth, too: Deficit spending is motivated domestically, but it will also have an impact on foreign policy – initially positive. America is fueling global demand. Countries such as Germany, whose business model is export, could also benefit from this. But that is exactly the division of labor that the Americans no longer wanted to get involved – that applies to both Trump and Biden.

“Biden will hardly be prepared to leave the USA in its role as a consumer of last resort, which finances huge trade deficits through foreign debt,” warns Jens Südekum, economist at Heinrich Heine University in Düsseldorf.

Biden will put Europe and especially Germany under pressure to do more for global demand – for example in the military sector, but not only there. He will also generally demand more imports and the reduction of the notorious current account surplus.

Merkel is also preparing for tough debates. She represents the interests of the Federal Republic, Biden those of the United States, she said. It is clear that Germany and Europe should take on “more responsibility”.

Long-term investment program

The Corona aid is not even the largest part of Biden’s ambitious plans. With his “Green New Deal” investment program, which comprises a further 2.2 trillion dollars, he wants to use the economic reconstruction after the pandemic to transform the US economy ecologically in order to make the country climate neutral by 2050.

The reference to Franklin D. Roosevelt and his “New Deal” during the Great Depression in the 1930s is not only symbolic. Back then, too, it was not just about getting the economy going, but also about creating a better and fairer society.

This thought is part of Biden’s motto “Built back better”. He and the progressive wing of his party want to reduce social inequality in the United States. To this end, not only should minimum wages be significantly increased, more jobs created and social benefits expanded.

More on the subject:

Biden is also planning a tax redistribution and wants to put more of a burden on top earners with incomes of more than $ 400,000 a year. Corporate income tax for companies is also expected to rise from 21 to 28 percent.

Biden needs economic success, as quickly as possible. His political opponents are waiting for every misstep. At least since the storming of Trump supporters on the Capitol on January 6, it is clear how tense the situation in the USA is. Can 78-year-old Biden even face the daunting challenge of cementing together a torn, crisis-ridden country?

“It will remain dangerous for many years and there will be lies to fight,” said the philosopher Martha Nussbaum to the Handelsblatt. But she is cautiously optimistic: “January 6th made the Republican Party look seriously at the damage done to its own party, and that can only be good.”

The Capitol

Biden takes power amid an unprecedented crisis.

(Photo: dpa)

Nussbaum also gives hope that Biden surrounded himself with scientists “who will base their political decisions on facts, not disinformation.” Biden, says the influential philosopher in the USA, is a man of empathy and utterly not out for revenge.

And so, of all people, Biden, who has already been written off as a political fossil, could succeed in overcoming the unprecedented crisis in the USA – and restore confidence in the country’s leadership.

More: Joe Biden was underestimated – and on many levels, says Handelsblatt correspondent Annett Meiritz

.

Restart of transatlantic relations with question marks

Berlin, Düsseldorf Not only Donald Trump has left the Oval Office, Andrew Jackson has also been removed from his place of honor. Trump saw in the agitator Jackson, the seventh President of the USA, a role model for his populist politics.

Joe Biden, the new man in the White House, replaced the Jackson portrait to the left of his desk with a picture of Benjamin Franklin, the scientist and constitutional father. Other places in Biden’s office are now commemorating prominent statesmen. For example with a bust of Franklin D. Roosevelt, who steered America out of the Great Depression and then through World War II.

The message that Biden wants to send is clear: He wants to rule on the basis of scientific knowledge, the time of unpredictable gut decisions is over. He wants to fight against the economic hardships of the lower classes, who are particularly hard hit by the consequences of the pandemic.

“Let’s start over,” shouted Biden at his inauguration. And the 46th President immediately took action. Seldom has a new US administration got off to such an ambitious start. Biden had hardly taken a seat in the Oval Office in a black mask and blue tie when he signed the first decrees. Biden does not wait for the new congress to agree on laws; like his predecessor, he uses the presidential power of the “Executive Orders”.

Top jobs of the day

Find the best jobs now and
be notified by email.

“We have no time to lose,” he says to the reporters who jostle around him in the Oval Office. Emergency governance: Biden takes power amid an unprecedented crisis. 400,000 Americans have fallen victim to the pandemic. Ten million lost their jobs.

Change of power in the USA

President Joe Biden and Vice-President Kamala Harris were sworn in on Wednesday.

(Photo: AFP)

And the political camps, Biden’s Democrats and Trump’s Republicans, are hostile to each other. The political rift that Trump created four years ago is deeper than it has been since the Civil War: a large proportion of Republican voters still believe in the myth of the “stolen election victory”.

Resolving these crises will absorb all the energy of the new president in the coming months. “The forces that divide us,” says Biden, “are deep and genuine”. Its foreign policy will initially be derived primarily from domestic policy goals.

Telephone calls with other heads of state and government are planned for the coming days. However, Biden does not want to present any concrete foreign policy plans until February.

Nowhere does the relief at the change of power in Washington seem to be greater than in Berlin. “There is a much wider area of ​​agreement with Biden,” said Chancellor Angela Merkel on Thursday. She in particular had to endure Trump’s unrest in the past four years, the ex-president saw Germany as a competitor, not a partner.

Biden looks ahead

Now there is a new tone in Washington: “We will repair our alliances and get involved in the world again,” said Biden in his inaugural address. “Not to master yesterday’s challenges, but those of today and tomorrow.”

Angela Merkel receives Joe Biden at the Chancellery in 2013

As Barack Obama’s Vice President, the 78-year-old has already worked closely with the Chancellor.

(Photo: dpa)

From a European perspective, Biden’s presidency could not have started better. In fact, there are great hopes for a restart of the transatlantic relationship. Union parliamentary group leader Ralph Brinkhaus is now calling for “a new attempt at TTIP, ie a free trade agreement with the USA”. Brinkhaus told the Handelsblatt that we could only show strength against China if we united with the USA. “Such an agreement will determine the future prosperity of Germany and Europe,” said CDU General Secretary Paul Ziemiak.

Economists doubt whether a relaunch of TTIP is realistic for the foreseeable future. “Biden also stands for” buy american “, says Michael Hüther, director of the Institute for German Economics. And the areas of conflict are the same as when the TTIP failed.

But first the internal crisis will take center stage in the USA. Biden’s most important tool is his “American rescue plan”. With an additional $ 1.9 trillion, he wants to accelerate vaccination, alleviate the economic hardship of citizens and support businesses. Direct payments to citizens of $ 1,400 are planned again.

Adjusted for inflation, that is more than one and a half times the amount that President Barack Obama mobilized during the financial crisis. Last spring, Congress provided $ 2.3 trillion.

Biden also plans to raise the minimum wage from $ 7.25 today to $ 15. He wants to increase unemployment benefits from $ 300 to $ 400 a week and extend the benefit period until September this year. For the not too distant future, the new president is preparing an infrastructure program that will also cost a few trillion dollars.

The national debt – currently at around 130 percent of GDP – is apparently no problem for Janet Yellen, Treasury Secretary-designate. “Without further action, we risk a longer, more painful recession and later a longer-term burden on the economy,” said the 74-year-old economist at her hearing before the Senate Finance Committee. “In the long run, I believe the benefits will far outweigh the costs.”

Together with the corona aid already passed by Trump, the state stimulus injections would, according to calculations by the independent Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, drive the US budget deficit by more than five trillion dollars. The deficit ratio had already headed towards a value of more than ten percent of gross domestic product (GDP).

Deficit spending with an impact on foreign policy

And that’s part of the truth, too: Deficit spending is motivated domestically, but it will also have an impact on foreign policy – initially positive. America is fueling global demand. Countries such as Germany, whose business model is export, could also benefit from this. But that is exactly the division of labor that the Americans no longer wanted to get involved – that applies to both Trump and Biden.

“Biden will hardly be prepared to leave the USA in its role as a consumer of last resort, which finances huge trade deficits through foreign debt,” warns Jens Südekum, economist at Heinrich Heine University in Düsseldorf.

Biden will put Europe and especially Germany under pressure to do more for global demand – for example in the military sector, but not only there. He will also generally demand more imports and the reduction of the notorious current account surplus.

Merkel is also preparing for tough debates. She represents the interests of the Federal Republic, Biden those of the United States, she said. It is clear that Germany and Europe should take on “more responsibility”.

Long-term investment program

The Corona aid is not even the largest part of Biden’s ambitious plans. With his “Green New Deal” investment program, which comprises a further 2.2 trillion dollars, he wants to use the economic reconstruction after the pandemic to transform the US economy ecologically in order to make the country climate neutral by 2050.

The reference to Franklin D. Roosevelt and his “New Deal” during the Great Depression in the 1930s is not only symbolic. Back then, too, it was not just about getting the economy going, but also about creating a better and fairer society.

This thought is part of Biden’s motto “Built back better”. He and the progressive wing of his party want to reduce social inequality in the United States. To this end, not only should minimum wages be significantly increased, more jobs created and social benefits expanded.

More on the subject:

Biden is also planning a tax redistribution and wants to put more of a burden on top earners with incomes of more than $ 400,000 a year. Corporate income tax for companies is also expected to rise from 21 to 28 percent.

Biden needs economic success, as quickly as possible. His political opponents are waiting for every misstep. At least since the storming of Trump supporters on the Capitol on January 6, it is clear how tense the situation in the USA is. Can 78-year-old Biden even face the daunting challenge of cementing together a torn, crisis-ridden country?

“It will remain dangerous for many years and there will be lies to fight,” said the philosopher Martha Nussbaum to the Handelsblatt. But she is cautiously optimistic: “January 6th made the Republican Party look seriously at the damage done to its own party, and that can only be good.”

The Capitol

Biden takes power amid an unprecedented crisis.

(Photo: dpa)

Nussbaum also gives hope that Biden surrounded himself with scientists “who will base their political decisions on facts, not disinformation.” Biden, says the influential philosopher in the USA, is a man of empathy and utterly not out for revenge.

And so, of all people, Biden, who has already been written off as a political fossil, could succeed in overcoming the unprecedented crisis in the USA – and restore confidence in the country’s leadership.

More: Joe Biden was underestimated – and on many levels, says Handelsblatt correspondent Annett Meiritz

.

Change of course: Why Erdogan suddenly flatters the EU

Et were words that hissed like arrows across the Atlantic towards Ankara: “I think we have to take a look at the effects of the existing sanctions and then decide if more needs to be done,” said Antony Blinken, the US favorite President Joe Biden for Secretary of State on Wednesday night in front of MPs in Washington.

Then Blinken also called the NATO country Turkey a “so-called strategic partner”. That was an affront to ruler Recep Tayyip Erdogan, over whom the former US President Donald Trump had held his protective hand for years.

also read

So it should be fitting that the Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Cavusoglu is flying to Brussels this Thursday to meet the chief diplomat of the European Union (EU), Josep Borrell, and one day later NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. In the coming weeks, even the heads of the EU, Ursula von der Leyen (head of the Commission) and Charles Michel (Council President), will visit Turkey.

The new visit diplomacy has a history. About ten weeks ago Erdogan performed a pirouette: “We won’t see each other anywhere else, but in Europe, and we imagine building our future together with Europe,” he purred. Erdogan has been talking about the “European friends” ever since and recently declared: “We are ready to get our relations with the EU back on track.”

Suddenly “friends”

The same man had previously defamed leading EU politicians as “links in a Nazi chain”. In the fall, the Turkish President even recommended his French colleague Emmanuel Macron to seek “psychiatric treatment”. Lately the two gentlemen have been writing each other letters calling themselves “friends”.

also read

Journalist Can Dündar says: Turkish opposition members now have to prepare for the end of the Erdogan regime

Why is Erdogan suddenly flattering the EU? He is not an ideologist, but a well-rounded pragmatist and a flawless power politician. After the change of power in the White House, the country on the Bosporus is increasingly isolated internationally, and the government is facing massive domestic political problems. “Turkey has never lost so much trust as in previous years,” says Hüseyin Bagci, professor for international relations at the renowned ODTÜ University in Ankara.

That is why Ankara wants to move closer to the EU again – with giant strides. Erdogan’s most important advocate is Chancellor Angela Merkel. With Cavusoglu’s visit to Brussels, the turnaround initiated by Erdogan and Merkel is now to be officially initiated. “Let’s hope that my meeting with Minister Cavusoglu will last longer than our last meeting in Malta in August, which took no more than an hour,” Borrell quipped two days ago in the EU Parliament.

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ONL Teaser Bundeswehr Libya 1620

Control by German soldiers

In the final declaration of their summit meeting in December, the EU heads of state and government not only threatened Turkey with further sanctions because of unauthorized gas explorations off Cyprus, but also – under pressure from Merkel – offered the country a “positive agenda” and a better neighborhood . “But like tango, you need both sides to be good neighbors,” said Borrell. The Spaniard will report to the 27 EU foreign ministers about his meeting with Cavusoglu on Monday. The Turkish policy of “rapprochement” (rapprochement) should then have finally arrived in the Brussels engine room.

Should Europe get involved?

But why should the Europeans get involved in Erdogan’s cuddle course after years of tension? As a neighbor of the EU, the country is of great geostrategic importance. Ankara is also an important player in violent conflicts on the Europeans’ doorstep – such as in Libya, Syria and Nagorno-Karabakh. In addition, by securing the border in his own country and through his role in Libya, Erdogan can play a key role in controlling the migration movements towards Greece and Italy.

also read

From the EU’s point of view, Turkey has recently made an advance payment: On January 25, the Turks and Greeks want to resume the “exploratory talks” in order to find a diplomatic solution to their disputes over gas, sea borders and the airspace in the Mediterranean. The talks have been going on since 2002 and were suspended a good four years ago. What the government in Athens announced this week should also come up: the expansion of the Greek territorial waters in the Ionian Sea to twelve nautical miles.

Actually a provocation for Ankara. What is more important, however, is that these “exploratory talks” clarify the long-standing disputes over gas deposits in the eastern Mediterranean. The EU members Greece and Cyprus lay claim to these sea areas. Last autumn, the dispute almost escalated when NATO partners Ankara and Athens sent warships.

also read

Now he is threatened with punitive measures from two sides: Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Erdogan is under pressure. He needs allies. In 2017, the new US President Joe Biden called him an “autocrat” who “has to pay a price” for his policies. Washington also wants to expand military cooperation with Greece and establish a naval base on the border with Turkey. Biden also threatens further sanctions that Congress has already decided because Turkey – contrary to NATO rules – bought the Russian S-400 Mitte air defense system in mid-2019.

That could hit the Turkish arms industry and economy hard. On the other hand, Erdogan can no longer rely on the unpredictable Russian President Putin, for whom the Turkish President seems to be nothing more than a pawn – but who, as in Libya, is becoming increasingly unruly.

also read

FILE - A file photo dated 22 February 2011 showing a man in a restaurant in Istanbul, Turkey, drinking a glass of the Turkish national drink Yeni Raki. Foto EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU (zu dpa 0460 vom 09.09.2013) +++(c) dpa - Bildfunk+++ |

At the same time, the Turkish economy urgently needs investments that can only come from the EU. The unofficial inflation rate is 37 percent and almost one in four people of work age in Turkey is unemployed. Ankara is now pushing to further expand the customs union with the EU that has existed for decades so that the economy can grow better.

At the same time, Erdogan is demanding new billions from Brussels to supply the nearly four million refugees in the country. Finally, Turkey is pushing for visa-free travel to the EU for its citizens. That would be a tremendous success for Erdogan. To do this, however, he would have to change his so-called anti-terror laws. That is no longer impossible.

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China imposed sanctions on Trump’s associates on Biden’s inauguration day :: Politics :: RBK

Beijing waited until the last day of the Donald Trump administration to impose sanctions on officials working in the White House. China accuses them of interfering in internal affairs and undermining US-China relations

Mike Pompeo

(Фото: Drew Angerer / Getty Images)

China has imposed sanctions against 28 American officials who were part of the administration of former US President Donald Trump. This was reported by the Global Times (a division of the People’s Daily, an official resource of the Chinese Communist Party) with reference to the Foreign Ministry’s statement.

Among those caught up in China’s sanctions are Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Director of the US National Trade Council Peter Navarro, US National Security Adviser Robert O’Brien, Assistant Secretary of State David Stillwell, former US National Security Adviser John Bolton (retired 2019 year) and Stephen Bannon, Trump’s senior adviser in his first year in office.

Beijing said the sanctions were imposed on officials “who have seriously violated China’s sovereignty and are primarily responsible for such US actions on issues related to China.”

“Some anti-Chinese politicians in the United States, out of their own selfish political interests, prejudices and hatred of China, showing no respect for the interests of the Chinese and American peoples, planned and took insane steps, intervened in the internal affairs of China, undermined the interests of the PRC, insulted the Chinese people and harmed Chinese-American relations, “- this is how the Trump administration’s policy was described in the Chinese Foreign Ministry.

The sanctions imply a ban on Chinese companies and individuals from doing business with those on the blacklist. Also, those against whom sanctions have been imposed are prohibited from visiting China.

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Freeze of Nord Stream 2: who will pay for the termination of the gas pipeline construction

The main losers will be Gazprom and Russia

The new Washington administration will do everything possible to stop the construction of the Russian gas pipeline Nord Stream 2 (SP-2). Such a threat came from the lips of the main candidate for the post of US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken. Washington is not the first time to threaten SP-2, imposing new sanctions on the project. But, perhaps for the first time, the Russian side admitted that political pressure could lead to a complete cessation of pipeline construction. This is stated in the official comments of Gazprom, prepared by its analysts for the issue of the company’s Eurobonds. In such a scenario, the question on the agenda is: who will incur what losses if the gas pipeline, already 95% ready, is finally frozen?

“The administration of the US President-elect Joseph Biden will do everything possible to stop the construction of the Russian Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline,” said Etoni Blinken. At the same time, he admitted that the European partners of the United States may not agree with this position.

Actually, an irreconcilable struggle against SP-2 was waged by Washington before. But if under Trump, as experts say, her main motive was the desire to promote liquefied gas from the United States instead of Russian natural gas to the European market, then under Biden, political solidarity with Ukraine is at the forefront.

The words of the Americans do not differ from the deeds. Literally on the eve of the United States introduced new sanctions against the SP-2. They touched the pipe-laying barge “Fortuna”, its owner – “KBT-Rus” and the company “Rustanker”. Earlier, fearing US sanctions, the Swiss insurance company Zurich Insurance Group withdrew from the project. In addition to her, the German concern Bilfinger left the project, which had several contracts with the pipeline operator, Nord Stream-2, and the Danish engineering company Ramboll. Norwegian DNV GL has refused to certify a gas pipeline from Russia to Germany.

In general, it is no coincidence that Gazprom is forced to admit that external circumstances can lead to the most unfavorable consequences, up to and including a complete shutdown of the project. Which, meanwhile, has already been implemented by almost 95%, and to the point of connection to the network branch located on the coast of Germany, it remains to stretch only 125 km of the pipeline through the water area belonging to Denmark.

Ambiguous events are unfolding around the gas pipeline in Germany. On the one hand, the German authorities, as a result of an appeal by two local environmental organizations, suspended the previously issued permits for work in the Baltic Sea. On the other hand, an environmental fund has been officially established in Germany to support SP-2. According to the German press, the fund plans to purchase components and equipment needed to complete the construction of the gas pipeline. This is done in order to circumvent the threat of US sanctions against companies involved in the construction.

What is the balance of power in this never-ending battle for SP-2? First of all, the USA and Ukraine will benefit from the fact that the gas pipeline will not be hypothetically put into operation, says Artem Deev, head of the analytical department at AMarkets. “America has never hidden its strategic interests in the European energy market and is gradually increasing the volume of LNG supplies to the EU. Ukraine will also benefit, since the Russian Federation will have no options to refuse transit through its territory, ”the expert explains.

But experts say that the main loser from the failure of the SP-2 project is the Russian Gazprom, which will have about 10 billion euros of investments at the bottom of the Baltic Sea. True, almost half of this money was invested by European private energy companies.

“In the end, German consumers will lose, for whom Russian gas is the cheapest and most accessible type of energy resource,” says Konstantin Simonov, director general of the National Energy Security Fund. – However, for Gazprom, the continuation of the clashes over the SP-2 is an undeniably negative moment: our country continues to be squeezed out of the traditional market, and the struggle for the European sales segment cannot be stopped. We are not talking about about 5 billion euros that Gazprom has already invested in construction, but about tens of billions that the Russian monopoly will receive from the sale of gas to the Old World in the future. “

And the chief analyst of TeleTrade, Petr Pushkarev, does not allow the idea that the project will be buried. “The gas pipeline will be completed and launched in any case. Berlin will not let the money go down the drain, considering the funds already invested in the SP-2 and the subsequent economic benefit in the form of Russian gas supplies at reasonable prices, ”the expert says.

Published in the newspaper “Moskovsky Komsomolets” # 28462 dated January 21, 2021

Newspaper headline:
Nord Stream 2: the pipe case

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Biden took office as President of the United States. Main :: Politics :: RBC

  • Biden’s inauguration is significantly different from conventional ceremonies. Due to the pandemic, the traditional lunch was canceled, there will be no large-scale parade either, it has been moved online.
  • There are also much fewer guests at the inauguration: only about 1,000 people are expected. Usually, about 200 thousand tickets for events in the capital are distributed, but this time there are no tickets, and each of the congressmen can invite only one person with him. It is assumed that due to the cancellation of mass events, budgetary expenditures will be reduced.

Read on RBC Pro

The oath of millions: how the economy of the inauguration of the US president works

Enhanced security measures

After the events of January 6, when supporters of Donald Trump stormed the Capitol building, the authorities announced that they would strengthen security measures during the inauguration.

  • The FBI warned that a significant number of threats have been recorded on the Internet over the past two weeks. The head of department Christopher Ray said that he fears outbreaks of violence in Washington on the day of the inauguration.
  • In the vicinity of the American capital, they decided to transfer about 25 thousand employees of the National Guard, usually stationed in various states on the East Coast.

Patrols and road closures: Washington prepares for Biden’s inauguration


  • Also involved in ensuring security are 6,000 DC police officers, radiation, chemical and biological defense units, Coast Guard forces, Secret Service officers and FBI agents.
  • In downtown Washington, 13 subway stations were closed. Trains pass them without stopping.
  • For security reasons, Facebook has promised to block the creation of any new events near the White House and the Capitol in Washington, as well as near capitol buildings in the US states. The company will also continue to block the creation of events in the United States from non-US accounts.

“Nightmare”: events of the end of Trump’s term on the covers of world media


  • Airbnb has canceled all reservations in Washington DC. This was done at the request of the authorities, who feared that extremists from other American regions would arrive in the capital on the day of the inauguration.

Trump’s last hours in office

  • Donald Trump decided to leave Washington ahead of his inauguration. He announced in advance that early in the morning he would hold his own seeing-off ceremony in Maryland, and then, together with his wife Melania, would go to Florida.
  • Trump left the White House shortly after 16:00 Moscow time. In his farewell speech, he stated that he had achieved “amazing results” as president. Among his achievements, he named the strengthening of the armed forces and tax reform.
  • The president took with him, among other things, one of the “nuclear suitcases”: until 20:00 Moscow time he retains the authority to use nuclear weapons, and therefore Trump must carry a bag with a set of launch codes with him until that time. Biden will be handed a similar suitcase immediately after the oath.
  • Trump landed in Florida an hour before Biden’s inauguration. According to CNN, he followed events in Washington along the way.

“Not smart, but a genius”: the brightest shots of Trump’s presidential term


Biden’s first steps as president

In his first hours as president, Biden signed a series of documents overturning Trump’s decrees. By 3:30 Moscow time, he signed 15 decrees.

  • In particular, the President launched the procedure for the return of the United States to the Paris Climate Agreement (Trump announced his withdrawal in 2017), as well as to the World Health Organization (WHO) (Trump decided to leave WHO in the summer of 2020, as he believed that the organization allowed many mistakes while coping with the coronavirus pandemic).

“Fine, even if it doesn’t do anything.” What New Yorkers Expect From Biden


  • Biden also lifted travel bans for citizens from a range of Muslim and African countries, halted construction of a wall on the Mexican border and construction of the Keystone XL pipeline from Canada. Ottawa has already announced its disappointment with Biden’s decision.
  • In addition, the president introduced the mandatory wearing of masks and the observance of social distance in federal institutions.

Who will join the Biden team

Back in late November, Biden’s headquarters published a list of potential members of the new administration. Subsequently, the media reported on several more possible appointments.

  • Secretary of State – Anthony Blinken. In the administration of Barack Obama in 2015-2017, he was the Deputy Secretary of State.
  • Secretary of Defense – Lloyd Austin. General retired.
  • CIA Director – William Burns. Former Deputy Secretary of State, ex-US Ambassador to Russia.

“Defiant, but pretty straightforward.” What the CIA candidate said about Russia

William Burns (right) in Alexander Gardens after laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

  • National Security Advisor – Jake Sullivan. He was Biden’s assistant when he was vice president.
  • Homeland Security Minister – Alejandro Mallorcas. Deputy Minister of Homeland Security 2013–2016.
  • The US President’s special envoy for climate change is John Kerry. Former Secretary of State.

New old white house

Joseph & nbsp; Biden

Should Russia wait for new sanctions

Biden’s sanctions policy towards Russia is still a mystery. The basic consensus is that anti-Russian sanctions could expand under Biden, but not too dramatically. It is also worth remembering that during the Trump presidency, several initiatives were prepared in the US Congress containing additional sanctions against Russia, in particular, restrictions on ruble sovereign debt, financial institutions and energy projects in Russia. Some of these initiatives can now be supported by both parties in Congress, especially since both the House of Representatives and the Senate are now under the control of the Democrats.

Taking into account the bills of the Congress, Biden’s set of sanctions options include:

  • sanctions for federal loan bonds (OFZ);
  • targeted sanctions against Russian individuals for alleged interference in the US elections or human rights violations, alleged corruption schemes;
  • increased sanctions pressure on the Nord Stream 2 project by imposing sanctions against its participants;
  • sanctions for the poisoning of Alexei Navalny, not imposed under Trump.

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Biden tearfully says goodbye to Delaware and flies to Washington

The president-elect of the United States, Joe Biden, said goodbye this Tuesday in tears to Delaware, his state of residence and which he represented for more than three decades in the Senate, before flying to Washington, where this Wednesday he will take office. .

Biden gave a brief speech before heading to the US capital, where he departed in a private plane, instead of in a government plane, as is the tradition for presidents-elect, according to CNN.

“I will always be a proud child of the state of Delaware (…). When I die, Delaware will be written on my heart, ”said an emotional Biden to those who had gathered to see him off at the airport in the town of New Castle.

The president-elect thanked the state that launched his political career by elevating him to the Senate in 1972, and that “since then has believed” in him, where he met his wife Jill and watched their family grow.

“This is where, twelve years ago, I waited at the train station in Wilmington for a black man (Barack Obama) to pick me up on the way to Washington, to become president and vice president of the United States,” he recalled in reference to the inauguration. 2009.

“And where today my family and I are going to return to Washington again, to meet with a black woman with roots from South Asia (Kamala Harris), and to be sworn in as president and vice president of the United States,” he added.

A few minutes later, Biden and his wife Jill saluted from their private plane before taking off for Washington.

The transition team did not clarify why Biden did not use one of the presidential planes that are usually made available to elected leaders for their trip to the capital, and if it was a decision of the president-elect himself or not, according to CNN.

Biden’s initial plan was to travel by train, the means of transportation he used daily during his many years in the Senate to return home to Wilmington, Delaware, but his team ruled out that possibility for security reasons, after the assault on the Capitol of last January 6.

Biden’s first act in Washington will take place this Tuesday afternoon starting at 5:00 p.m. (22:00 GMT), when he and Harris will participate in a tribute ceremony for the victims of COVID-19 in the country, where the pandemic has already left more than 400,000 dead.

In this ceremony, the outline of the reflecting pool located in front of the Lincoln Memorial, one of the most iconic of the capital and where Martin Luther King gave his famous speech ‘I have a dream’ (‘I have a dream’) in 1963.

Biden will take office as president of the United States this Wednesday at 12.00 (17.00 GMT), in a ceremony on the Capitol with little public and under strict security measures. EFE

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To win the Super Bowl, many times a defense that responds at key moments is enough: NFL Instant Replay

To win the Super Bowl, you don’t have to have the best defense in the NFL. On many occasions it was enough to have a competent group that gets the job done at key moments to take home the Vince Lombardi Trophy.

In the last Divisional Round, the outcome of various games was dictated or resolved by the role of various defenses, units that, according to modern times of a league that prioritizes spectacle by the evolution of attack systems and rules that stimulate it are often underestimated in the analysis.

That’s the tone with which the Tampa Bay Buccaneers’ victory over the New Orleans Saints has been handled. Tom Brady’s win over Drew Brees has been given more weight, despite the Bucs’ quarterback performing unspectacular by his standards and his defense provoking four turnovers, three of them on interceptions to Brees.

Brady completed 18 of 33 passes (54.4 percent) for 199 yards and two touchdown passes, both following two interceptions by his defense in Saints territory.

If it weren’t for the 21 points the Buccaneers scored from their four steals, the story of the Playoff encounter between the NFC South rivals could probably have been different, particularly because the Saints’ defense was able to limit the damage of Tampa Bay’s offense when it had to start its attacks in its own field and go further.

When Brady and his attack began their offensive series in their territory, the Bucs punted four times and scored three field goals. All three times their defense gave them possession of the ball on the Saints’ field, the Tampa Bay attack scored touchdowns.

Defenses’ dirty work is often overlooked by spectacular actions or circumstances and that happened to the defenses of the Buffalo Bills and Kansas City Chiefs in their Divisional Round victories.

The interception that Taron Johnson returned 101 yards with 40 seconds to play in the third quarter stands out as the spectacular play that sentenced the Bills’ win over the Baltimore Ravens, but it was really just the icing on a cake that was baked. for two and a half quarters of the game.

Ravens quarterback Lamar Jackson faced the most pressure in his NFL career against the Bills, with or without load packs. Buffalo’s defense put pressure on him in 55 percent of his designed passing plays and in 34 percent of those actions, he sent charging packs.

In the action in which Johnson intercepted his pass, Jackson sent from the protection bag and without pressure near him, indicating that, mentally, the Bills defense was already in his head, as he threw into a zone where his receiver had defensive vari close.

On the other hand, while Chad Henne’s 13-yard rush at third and 14 and his pass to convert a fourth and inches to tie up the Kansas City win have captured the spotlight in the Chiefs’ victory, the reality is that a lot of this was possible, thanks to his defense.

Inexplicably and despite having a solid running game with two running backs like Nick Chubb and Kareem Hunt, the Cleveland Browns decided to put the game in the hands of their quarterback Baker Mayfield in the first half, despite having a weak defense against the race.

The Browns ran three times in the first two quarters. They made it easier for the Chiefs’ defense, who went at halftime up 19-3 on the scoreboard. In the third quarter, Cleveland that their strength was running and they scored two touchdowns, the last one, even, in a series of 18 plays and 75 yards that lasted 8:17 minutes.

With that offensive awakening, combined with Patrick Mahomes’ departure in shock midway through the third quarter, the Browns brought the pressure off the Chiefs defense.

After their 18-play, five-point down series, the Browns intercepted Mahomes’ backup Henne in the end zone. With eight minutes to go, following an 8:17-minute attack and the Chiefs without their starting quarterback, Cleveland had the psychological moment of the game and the weapons to take advantage of it, but the Kansas City defense responded.

After the Browns made a good conversion at fourth and one at their 31st to keep their attack alive with six minutes left, the Chiefs defense forced Cleveland to punt at fourth and nine and the rest is history.

While the Bills defense reaped the fruit of their constant pressure on Jackson, the Chiefs’ defense closed the doors at the time of greatest pressure for Kansas City and the Buccaneers put Brady on a silver platter with three interceptions. .

In the NFL, the brilliance of the quarterback position and spectacular actions overshadow the dirty work of defenses and that work is what, on several occasions, shapes the outcome of games.

The best defenses in the NFL will not be present in the conference finals, but the Buccaneers, Bills, Chiefs and Green Bay Packers containment groups have what it takes to not go unnoticed in the duels for the pass to the Super Bowl.

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Reality enters documentary dissection

What are we faced with the insane news images that assail us, such as those of the riots on the Capitol? What do we hope to find by diving into it? Perhaps a lot of fictions, since they often seem to contaminate the news on our screens. As it appeared to us when the Capitol was captured, reality is capable of imitating Hollywood blockbusters. And in a logic of communicating vessels, the images secreted by the news become the very material of our entertainment. Last illustration: the mockumentary Death in 2020, a «satire originale Netflix» released on December 24, 2020 whose screenplay is signed Charlie Brooker, creator of the anticipation series Black Mirror. Or a retro of the most terrifying events of the year, collected in seventy minutes of images that climb the ladder of chaos – health crisis, the conflagration of Black Lives Matter, explosion in Beirut, US presidential election… In May, Brooker declared to the site IndieWire that he refused to nightmare a world more dystopian than the one that is currently violating us: “At this point, I don’t know what appetite the public would have for stories of collapsing societies, so I’m not working on new episodes of Black Mirror. I’m rather eager to revisit my comedic skills ”. Death in 2020, indeed, is an entertaining program. Acerbly commented by Samuel L. Jackson, Hugh Grant or Leslie Jones in the roles of fictional experts, the images incite a catharsis through laughter. But above all, we have one observation: our cinemas may well remain closed, and the blockbusters being sealed pending better days, we will not find a disaster film more spectacular than that of the year from which we survived.

Homemade bombs

On the sixth day of 2021, upon discovering the capture of the Capitol by pro-Trump rioters, Charlie Brooker hastened to sketch out the second part of Death to 2020 ? The height would be to be able to interact in a “story in which you are the hero” (device released by the creators of Black Mirror and Netflix two years ago in the interactive episode Bandersnatch), thus satisfying a collective desire to intervene in images, when drowning in them is no longer enough. In the days following the Trumpist riot in Washington, photos and videos were dissected and diverted from every angle on social media, amid an FBI public appeal to help identify the home-made bombers found in the Congress.

Read also Interview with Chloé Galibert-Laîné

However, it turns out that, on the screens of rare festivals held in recent months, a documentary (freely available on the Internet) suggested our craze for images and the thirst to dig into them. Directed by researcher and filmmaker Chloé Galibert-Laîné (read opposite), between the research journal and the pastiche of police investigation, it is called Forensickness (“Forensic disease”) and takes place on a computer screen. Its author explores the obsessive fever of an online community in the face of images of the Boston Marathon attacks almost eight years ago. Built as a response to another documentary, Watching the Detectives by Chris Kennedy, the film could not have disturbed more than in the era of confinement, when the outside is first apprehended by interposed screens, where all the systems of images are amalgamated in the same flux. In 2013, on the Reddit forum, “Web detectives” indeed undertook to skin the images of the drama, seeking clues that would identify the terrorists in the crowd – often at the cost of labyrinthine conspiracy theories.

Self-mockery

A not so distant echo of the treasure hunt born these days around live-streamed videos by the Trumpists of the Capitol. In Forensickness, Chloé Galibert-Laîné revisits the cult sequence of the conspiracy film Invasion Los Angeles (1989) by John Carpenter, where the hero puts on glasses that reveal to him the world stripped of appearances. And, with a self-mockery that takes nothing away from the vertigo, stages her own excitement as an image dissector, both contaminated by the era of generalized suspicion and devoured by her fascinating subject of study: “What do we do when we look at the images, and what do the images do when we look at them?”

Sandra Onana

Forensickness of Chloé Galibert-Laîné freely accessible at www.chloegalibertlaine.com

Death to 2020 of Charlie Brooker et Annabel Jones on Netflix.

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Melania Trump sends final message as first lady

The departing first lady has addressed the population with a farewell message. In it she calls on the Americans to unite. Melania Trump does not address an obviously important topic in her video.

Shortly before the end of the term of office of US President Donald Trump, First Lady Melania Trump addressed the Americans in a farewell message. “It has been the greatest honor of my life to serve as the first lady of the United States of America,” said the 50-year-old on Monday. “The past four years have been unforgettable.” Melania Trump called for caution in the face of the corona pandemic. She also asked to support the “Be Best” initiative she had launched, which is committed to the well-being of children.

You can find the most important statements with German subtitles at the top of the video – or here.

Without further context, the First Lady’s statement said, “Be passionate in everything you do, but always remember that violence is never the answer and will never be justified.” This is likely to allude to the storming of the Capitol by Donald Trump’s supporters just under two weeks ago. Critics accuse Trump of inciting his supporters. The Republican must therefore undergo another impeachment process in Congress, which could result in a life ban.

Melania Trump is silent about her husband’s politics

The first lady did not comment on her husband’s policy. She did not praise the outgoing president, his last days in office or the violence at the Capitol directly.

Trump, however, called on the Americans to unite. “Together, as a national family, we can continue to be the light of hope for future generations,” she said. “To all people in this country: you will be in my heart forever.”

Critics accuse her husband of deeply dividing the United States. Donald Trump had tried to overturn Biden’s election victory until the storming of the Capitol. To this day, the Republican sees himself deprived of victory by electoral fraud for which there is no evidence.

Swearing in Biden without Donald Trump

Donald Trump has announced that he will not take part in Biden’s swearing-in on Wednesday afternoon. He is the first president since 1869 to avoid his successor’s inauguration ceremony in front of the Capitol in Washington. The broadcaster CNN reported on Monday that the new President Biden and the new First Lady Jill Biden were, contrary to custom, not welcomed by the Trumps in the White House, but by the head of household staff. Trump also recorded a video message to say goodbye, US media reports said.

According to a CNN poll published on Sunday, the approval ratings for Melania Trump are only 42 percent – the worst figure since she moved into the White House. In the same survey, Donald Trump also recorded its lowest value since taking office with only 33 percent approval.

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