“And you, are you planning to get vaccinated?” “ Ludivine (1), psychologist in Burgundy, often asks the question to his patients. And, whatever the answer, try to listen without judging. This vaccine from the first hour, on the other hand, is much less comprehensive when the reluctance comes from professionals in contact with vulnerable people.
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“The other day, during a session with educators, I suggested that the vaccine would allow us to do without the mask in September, she says. One of them replied: “It won’t go through me!” Not only will we have to continue to wear the mask, but in addition, it endangers the disabled people with whom it works. “ At the time, she made no remark. ” What’s the point ? The positions on this subject are too clear-cut, it will inevitably lead to a conflict. “
How many similar scenes of tension have taken place in recent weeks, while the deterioration of the epidemic situation increases the pressure on those resistant to vaccination, in particular among caregivers? A nurse in an Ehpad in Moselle, Mélodie, too, has given up on dialogue. “In my establishment, the rare nurses or nursing assistants who do not want to be vaccinated float in the conspiracy and very often, vote at the extremes, explains the young woman. I don’t want to argue with them. “
The freedom to say no
If the break between vaccinated and non-vaccinated is sometimes based on political opposition, it is above all sociological, according to epidemiologist Yves Buisson. “Among caregivers, the refusal often comes from people less educated or less high in the hierarchy”, recalls this member of the National Academy of Medicine. A resistance that can partly be understood: “These people have done everything that was asked of them for a year and a half. For the first time in a long time, they have the freedom to say no. “
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A freedom that Camille claims, for whom vaccination is “An experimental madness when 99.5% of people recover from the disease and there are treatments”. This tourism professional, who refuses to be taxed“Irresponsibility” and “egoism”, proclaims: “We do not want to hear from each other but we are full citizens”.
If their lack of altruism is often reproached to them, the refractories, them, denounce the intolerance of their “adversaries”. For Sandrine, retired in the Camargue, “It is particularly difficult to discuss with pro vaccines, so formatted by the ‘mainstream’ media that they have become deaf to any other information”.
Not the same language
For the sociologist Gérard Mermet, if these two “camps” have such difficulty in communicating, it is because they do not speak the same language. “People who defend vaccination are based on scientific arguments, opponents on impressions, fears, even the most irrational conspiracy”, he sums up, speaking of “Moral fracture”.
“In the end, everyone considers that they are in the camp for good and that it is the others who are dysfunctional”, confirms historian Laurent-Henri Vignaud, lecturer in modern history at the University of Burgundy. At the risk that this moral condemnation will lead to a form of witch hunts.
“The unvaccinated become scapegoats who would be the only culprits of the epidemic and that we are going to track down”, warns the historian. “In the Middle Ages, people were thrown into wells because they were considered responsible for the plague”, also warns Annick Opinel. For this historian and philosopher of science, the radicalization of discourse on both sides is fueled by an unprecedented sense of urgency: “Usually, the issues of vaccination are more abstract, this time, we can see them with our own eyes: it is the terraces and cinemas that have reopened, life that has resumed… Such an effect of reality had not seen himself before, and feeds the vexation of the vaccinated. “
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Anger which, on social networks, often turns into anger. “Frankly the antivax … You never get tired of being idiots? “, got carried away by an Internet user on Twitter, responding to a message from a user assuring that the death of geneticist Axel Kahn, suffering from cancer, was “Accelerated by vaccination”.
The right to ask questions
“I present to you a real fool, endowed with only two neurons”, comments another, in reaction to the video of a caregiver opposed to the vaccination obligation. “The problem is that social networks have removed any hierarchy between information, points out Doctor Olivier Jourdain, author ofInvestigation in the country of antivax (Crop). An article in a scientific journal will be put on the same level as an anonymous message. ” The doctor however wishes to distinguish the anti-vaccines and the hesitant, claiming the right to question.
“I fully understand that we can ask questions, but in this case, we have to look for answers! “, Agnès Abt-Salmer annoys. This Frenchwoman living in Russia, very active on Facebook to defend vaccination within the expatriate community of Moscow, admits “End up being violent in (his) about “.
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“On social networks, conversations boil down to arguments and counter-arguments, without everyone really reading themselves, she regrets. Fortunately, in society, we are more respectful of each other… ”
Especially since the skeptics are not always where they are expected. Chloe has just discovered that her companion was among the hesitant. Fear of side effects, worries about “Lack of perspective”… “After everything we have been through for a year and a half, we are lucky to have a vaccine and he does not get it”, annoyed this Parisian who put this subject aside, to avoid a new argument.
« It’s unsettling to see that reasonable people, usually in favor of vaccines, oppose it this time around, underlines Annick Opinel. While it is not difficult to brush aside conspiratorial rhetoric, it is more difficult to counter more moderate resistance. “
Because this is a specificity of this crisis, which gives rise to unsuspected dissensions. “There are not two opposing camps, but a multiplicity of points of view which diverge on certain points, relativizes Anne-Marie Moulin, doctor and philosopher. Of course, this does not simplify relations, but it also means that there can be bridges… ”
Vaccination, where are we?
As of July 8, 52.75% of the French population has received at least one dose of the Covid-19 vaccine and 39.33% is fully vaccinated, according to the Ministry of Health.
Among young people, 17% of adolescents between 12 and 17 years old, and 48.17% of 18-29 years old received a first dose.
Among the oldest, those over 75 are 85.3% to be at least partially vaccinated. 89% of nursing home residents have received at least one dose of the vaccine and 83% have a complete vaccination schedule.
Among professionals, those working in nursing homes were 61%, on July 5, to have received at least one dose. The figure rises to 81% among liberal health professionals. As of May 31, according to the latest data published by Public Health France concerning professionals working in establishments (hospitals or clinics), 63.5% were at least partially vaccinated.