Iran, Russia accused of influencing US vote

These two countries have acquired electoral lists, according to the director of intelligence. Tehran would like to “harm” Trump.

Tehran has categorically denied the US accusations.
Tehran has categorically denied the US accusations.
“Iran has no preference” between MM. Biden and Trump, a Foreign Ministry spokesman said.
SAUL LOEB / AFP

Sworn enemy of the US administration, is Iran trying to push US voters not to vote Donald Trump on November 3? Yes, according to the director of US intelligence, John Ratcliffe. Tehran sent emails “aimed at intimidating voters, inciting social unrest and harming President Trump,” John Ratcliffe said at a press conference, during which he also accused Russia of having obtained American electoral rolls.

US agencies have gathered information that Iran plans to step up its hacking operations over the next few days, the report said. New York Times. The data acquired by Tehran and Moscow are, for the most part, in the public domain and could have been obtained via hackers operating on the “dark web” (underground internet), however, temper other specialists. In the last presidential election in 2016, Russia had already tried to influence the result.

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Hélène Dutrieu: on two wheels or in the air, still a pioneer

Every Saturday with RetroNews, the BNF press site, a look back at a sport story as told by the press of the time.

From cycling to aviation, via moped stunts or comedy theater, Hélène Dutrieu is one of those reckless sportswomen who manage to break down barriers regardless of the discipline, without history, always recognizing them. Born in 1877 in Tournai, the Belgian was passionate about cycling as a child. Towards the end of the XIXe century, a women’s movement then chased two-wheeled records. Hélène Dutrieu wants to be part of it. Having become professional, she thus beats the women’s hour record in 1895: 30 kilometers.

to (re) readPrevious RetroNews

We find the trace of Hélène Dutrieu for the first time in the press the previous year. In the pages of Bike, “Daily velocipedia journal”, the “Valiant cyclist from Lille” challenge “All the ladies cyclists of France” : run 10 kilometers in one hour at the Lille velodrome. “This challenge is to be taken up within eight days”, adds Dutrieu.

Her name will be found more regularly in the newspapers of the time from 1898: that year she won an unofficial world speed championship in Ostend, Belgium, then the English competition “The 12 Days Race” and , finally, begins a season on the Berlin velodromes. July 15, 1898, the bike reports the victory of Hélène Dutrieu over the German cyclist Paul Mündner. Party with a handicap of 3000 meters “Offered free of charge to its little competitor”, comment the bike in a rather paternalistic tone, he would not have won them back before the finish line, after a 30-kilometer race on the Friedenau velodrome.

At the turn of the twentiethe century, Hélène Dutrieu abandons her career as a professional cyclist. She first opened a fashion house in her hometown of Tournai. Without success. She then turns to the music hall, notably performing aerobatics on a bicycle or moped.

“The human arrow”

His debut on stage at the Dejazet theater, in Paris, in the play Mossieu the Mayor are commented in the bike of January 27, 1903: “The gracious artist has achieved real success in the role of Hélène, well done for her, since she arrived on stage … by bicycle, with the mastery that velodrome enthusiasts know her.” The journalist collects his impressions when leaving the stage: “I’m very happy, I didn’t have the jitters. I didn’t ask for more. I will now work seriously. And I hope to shine in the front row soon. ”

During those years, attracted to the air, she became a stunt performer. She performs a 15-meter-long jump on a bicycle, notably at the Olympia in Paris. This number will give it a nickname: “The human arrow”. Dutrieu does loops, by bicycle, moped, then by automobile. Before an accident during one of these stunts, in Berlin in 1904, sent him eight months to the hospital. She resumed her acting career for a few years in Paris, at the Théâtre des Capucines, des Mathurins or Porte Saint-Martin, before setting out again for other intrepid adventures.

“Sensational” aviator

In 1908, the Clément-Bayart company brought out a little cuckoo called Young lady and is looking for a valiant pilot to perform tests. Hélène Dutrieu introduces herself: ultra-light, she also has the advantage of not being afraid of anything. She has proven it in the past. The following year, she therefore took flying lessons with aviation pioneer Maurice Farman in Mourmelon, in the Marne.

The Figaro of November 2, 1909 announces the reconversion of Hélène Dutrieu: «Mlle Hélène Dutrieu, who excelled in exercises of unprecedented intrepidity, will pursue aviation. ” Further on, he predicts: “Brave, resolute, skilful, she will have a sensational career in aviation.”

The newspaper l’Auto the poster in photo in its edition of December 31, 1909, indicating in caption that“Yesterday she made her debut as a student pilot at the Issy-les-Moulineaux airfield”.

In 1910, Hélène Dutrieu became the first woman in the world to fly a plane with a passenger. As reported Echo of Paris September 3: “Beautiful feat of a Belgian aviator. Mlle Hélène Dutrieu rose this morning, around 6 a.m., in Blakenberghe, with a passenger, and went around the belfry of Bruges, ten kilometers away, flying at a height of about 500 meters. Mlle Hélène Dutrieu thus conquered as a pilot the record for duration, altitude, flight with passenger and cross-country… ”

The following month, we find her in an interview in the magazine Femina, 1is October 1910. “I’m risking my life, obviously. But if I don’t come back, too bad! “ : All the assurance of Hélène Dutrieu is there.

In December, she won the Femina Cup of the Aero-Club de France. This trophy is awarded to the aviator who completed the longest flight through the countryside during the year, as described in the newspaper The radical of December 6, 1910. It is thanks to her return flight Etampes-Orléans, 60.8 km in 1:09, that she succeeds Marie Marvingt. «Mlle Hélène Dutrieu is a very skilful pilot, indicates the log. She also had all the qualities required to make an excellent aviator, having been once a star of “looping the loop” and other “death jumps” which require, one can easily imagine, a certain dose of composure. “.

The following year, Hélène Dutrieu beat 14 male drivers to win the Coppa del Re in Florence, Italy. After many other victories in the United States in particular, we find her in 1912 at the helm of the first seaplane. She is the first woman to pilot such a machine. As stated Gallic of July 3 in a laudatory article, «Mlle Hélène Dutrieu preaches feminism in her own way, and this way is so brave, and so graceful at the same time, that it would be a bad grace not to be persuaded. ” She then demonstrated her hydro-airplane in Enghien-les-Bains.

The press does not mention it but she was made a Knight of the Legion of Honor on January 9, 1913 by the French government for her performances on French planes. In Belgium, the governor grants him the honorary title of officer of Leopold.

Paramedic then journalist

Her career as an aviator ended with the start of the First World War: she enlisted as an ambulance attendant with the Red Cross. Her fame was such at this period that she was asked by General Gallieni to give propaganda conferences in the United States. Returning to France in 1917, she took charge of the Val-de-Grâce field hospital.

In 1922, at 45, she married the mayor of Coulommiers, Pierre Mortier, at the same time obtaining French nationality. New turning point in an already busy career: Mortier is the editor of the newspaper Gil Blas, which he has been trying to revive since 1921 after its publication ceased during the war. He entrusted his wife with the management of numerous magazines. Hélène Dutrieu therefore becomes a journalist, even if we find in 1914 her signature at the bottom of articles of Gil Blas. As on April 16 of that year: it tells in two columns the Grande Quinzaine de Monaco, an air rally bringing together several European pilots.

After the death of her husband in 1946, she remained a passionate promoter of aviation, notably becoming vice-president of the women’s section of the Aero-club de France. She also created the Hélène Dutrieu-Mortier Cup in 1956, a long distance competition reserved for French and Belgian pilots. After a life of records and exploits, Hélène Dutrieu died in Paris on June 26, 1961, at the age of 84.

Contextual source: Champions, they conquered gold, silver, bronze (2016) by Lorraine Kaltenbach and Clémentine Portier-Kaltenbach.

Adrien franque

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USA: In Nevada, a fish in the desert puzzles researchers

Die Region Nevada

SIf you are in hot Las Vegas, which is completely surrounded by desert, the name of the US state is hardly apparent: Nevada translated from Spanish means snowy or snow-covered. Snow lies in the world-famous gambling metropolis that shapes the image of the state that joined the United States in 1864, but hardly ever.

But probably on the peaks of the more than a dozen mountain ranges that run through Nevada. The highest point on the border with California is Boundary Peak at over 4000 meters. The Spanish missionary Padre Pedro explored the area on an expedition in the 1770s. He named the mountains clad in white Sierra Nevada.

This is in California, but the neighboring state, which was barely inhabited at the time, was later named after him – which holds a weather record: With less than 200 millimeters of rain per year, Nevada is the driest US state. Not much more thrives than bushy mugwort for long stretches, and strange creatures like the grasshopper-eating scorpion mouse live there.

Which brings us back to the desert, which is rich in geological attractions: bizarre pinnacles and cathedral-like stone formations can be admired in Cathedral Gorge State Park, petrified shifting dunes in Valley of Fire State Park, Nevada’s oldest national park.

Source: WORLD infographic

The rarest fish in the world

He lives in a crevice filled with 32 degrees warm water, called Devil’s Hole, in the middle of the Amargosa desert, and is considered the rarest fish in the world: the devil’s paw (nodon devils), of which there are currently only around 130 copies.

Why and when did the fish choose the hole in the rock, how did it get there and how did it survive there? Open questions for the researchers.

Other fish would die in the deoxygenated water. Not so the shimmering blue devil guy: He saves energy by barely moving and has even regressed a pair of fins in the course of a mutation and adjusted his metabolism.

Art for fans of cars

Gold used to be discovered in Nevada – Goldfield is one of the locations. Once 20,000 people lived there, today there are only 400. Goldfield’s treasures are now made of automotive scrap: Even the scrap yard with old US sledges is interesting for car enthusiasts.

An increase then in the place where a collector hoards bizarre vehicle creations that are used as moving art objects at the Burning Man Festival.

The highlight for car freaks is the International Car Forest of the Last Church: on the outskirts, two devout artists have dug over 40 vehicles upright into the ground – an ensemble of limousines, buses and vans decorated with graffiti.

Der International Car Forest of the Last Church in Nevada, USA

Quelle: Getty Images/Gary Yeowell

Good luck and bad luck in Las Vegas

It is estimated that there are 200,000 slot machines in the gambling metropolis. The biggest single win a player can win on a slotmachine bagged, is almost 40 million dollars – that was in 2003 in the hotel “Excalibur” on the famous Las Vegas Strip. The desert city before Corona counted around 40 million visitors annually, 80 percent of whom recently tried their hand at gambling, an average of 2.7 hours a day.

After gambling was banned in Nevada in 1910, the state legalized it again in 1931. In 1941, the first casino hotel, the “El Rancho Vegas”, opened, but in 1960 it burned down.

also read

Two sides of Las Vegas: on top luxury hotels, artificial Eiffel Towers, casinos and parties, on the bottom poverty, dirt and misery

Life in the sewer

Many also throw themselves into marital happiness. More than 80,000 marriage licenses are issued every year – but also thousands of marriages divorced. Happiness and unhappiness are close together in Vegas.

Some of the oldest trees in the world

Some of the oldest trees in the world grow in the Great Basin National Park, at an altitude of around 3,000 meters. The Bristlecone Pines (Long-lived Pine; Finns aged) are 3000 to 5000 years old and compete with the olive trees on the Mediterranean Sea or some pines in Scandinavia.

The oldest known pine tree (4844 years old) was cut down by a student in the 1960s in order to use the wood to research climate change. Since then, the title for the oldest Bristlecone Pine has gone to the Californian part of the Inyo Forest, which extends to Nevada.

also read

Awning pine, awning pine (Pinus aristata), free-standing, gnarled and crooked awning pine stands on a plateau of the White Mountains, oldest tree species in the world, USA, California, White Mountains, Inyo National Forest |  bristlecone pine (Pinus aristata), gnarled tree, oldest tree species of the world, USA, California, White Mountains, Inyo National Forest |  Usage worldwide

A circular path leads to the “Grove of Methusaleme”. The exact location of the 5070 year old record holder is kept secret to be on the safe side.

USA: The Bristlecone Pines in Nevada live to be 3,000 to 5,000 years old

Quelle: Getty Images/Aurora Open

Rock engravings sacred to the indigenous people

In the 1940s, the locals dumped rubbish where one of America’s most traditional cultural treasures lies. They rolled rocks aside, whistled at the notches. These were probably the oldest engravings discovered in North America.

Today’s Grimes Point Archeological Area includes around 1000 so-called petroglyphs, which were sacred places for the indigenous people of the Paiute-Shoshone tribe, where people also prayed. The age of these engravings is estimated to be 10,000 years.

Nevada (USA): The Grimes Point Archeological Area comprises around 1000 so-called petroglyphs

Source: WORLD infographic

The quote

“I can confess without shame that I expected to find tons of silver lying around everywhere”

Samuel L. Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, in “Through Thick and Thin” about his luckless treasure hunt in Nevada. Twain first wrote under his stage name in 1863 in the “Territorial Enterprise” published in Virginia City, once the richest city in America, in which large silver deposits were discovered in 1859. Nevada’s nickname The Silver State is reminiscent of the silver rush.

also read

Nevada (USA): Kevin Baugh (l.) Welcomes curious visitors to his little "Military dictatorship ”, the Republic of Molossia

Quirky, record-breaking, typical: You can find more parts of our regional geography series here.

This text is from WELT AM SONNTAG. We will be happy to deliver them to your home on a regular basis.

Welt am Sonntag from October 4, 2020

Source: Welt am Sonntag

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in Missouri, tenants organize to prevent evictions

Since the start of the pandemic, 60,000 Americans have been evicted from their homes. This is another facet of the health and social crisis that the United States is going through. More and more Americans can no longer pay their rent because they are unemployed or because their income has declined. Forty million households today live under the threat of losing their homes.

From our special correspondent,

At the beginning of September, the government decided on a moratorium on the payment of rents, but evictions continue in some states. In Kansas City, Missouri, a tenants’ association has grown into one of the most powerful citizen organizations in the United States in less than two years. KC-Tenants, created by a young woman, Tara Raghuveer, is today an activist laboratory with far-left political ambitions and a model for the thousands of tenant collectives that are swarming across the country.

« Power to tenants! Power to the people Is the slogan of KC-tenants. This Thursday morning, despite the winter temperatures, they are at least 130 gathered in front of the Kansas City courthouse. Dressed in yellow t-shirts, on which is printed a bull, symbol of the city, they block the entrance to the court. Those whose judgment of eviction from the home must be rendered for non-payment of rent chained themselves to the doors. Their objective is to prevent the hearing from taking place.

For three hours, slogans are linked, interrupted by the intervention of an activist, Ashley Johnson, invited to take the megaphone to testify to her own experience and her attachment to the cause.

« My great-grandmother was a slave, my grandmother was poor, my mother was poor, and I am poor, I have an 8 year old child, he is poor. I’ve been kicked out multiple times because they don’t care. For them, the only thing that matters is money. They raise the rent and you end up sleeping on the streets in your car. They have no heart, no remorse. They don’t care about us. »

Then, it is the turn of a young woman expelled this summer to speak. ” If I’m here today, it’s because it’s been six months since I feel like an unworthy mother who can’t pay her rent. I went through the Covid trying to survive. »

A moratorium on evictions not respected

KC-Tenants demands respect for the moratorium on the payment of rents taken by the federal government and which runs until December. This moratorium, intended to help tenants get through the economic crisis linked to Covid-19, is clearly not enforced in states such as Missouri, where Kansas City is located. Donors who have well-established methods of evicting tenants have no difficulty in circumventing this injunction from Washington. Practices in the rental real estate sector that Lisa Turner, an activist of KC-Tenants, denounces: ” The majority of donors don’t even live in Kansas City or Missouri. These are pension funds or large companies that have no idea of ​​the living conditions of their tenant. They often buy apartments in batches, which they don’t even visit. They entrust the management to an intermediary, who pays him a salary by performing as many acts as possible: writing contracts, inventory, an increase in rent here, cleaning the apartment. over there, etc. They have no interest in keeping a tenant for a long time. »

To have as much turnover as possible, landlords generally write very long contracts that include many clauses offering them plenty of choice to find an excuse to evict the tenant. It is enough that he accommodates a person more than ten days at his place, has left the trash can on the landing, or even made a little too much noise one evening …

And these are practices that specifically target housing that can benefit from social assistance. As the supply of low-rent housing is insufficient to meet demand, landlords are guaranteed to always find a new tenant. Well-versed in legal remedies, donor representatives also know that they have every chance of winning in the event of a lawsuit.

Files pile up on KC-Tenants’ desk and it is the black community that is most affected by the evictions, especially black women. Jenay Manley is one of the front runners at KC-Tenants. She advocates radical solutions and does not hide it: ” In reality, the moratorium is not the solution, because it provides for the reimbursement of all delinquencies at once in December. The solution would be to erase this debt and have the state pay. It’s not people’s fault if there is a pandemic, and just because they can no longer pay their rent doesn’t mean people have to be left homeless! »

Tara Raghuveer, founder of KC-Tenants

KC-Tenants founder Tara Raghuveer is a petite 31-year-old woman. She is discreet in the crowd gathered in front of the court, but when one of the police officers takes a young demonstrator without reason, she does not hesitate to go up to the front, camera in hand, followed closely by the whole group. The activist released and the demonstration over, Tara gives a quick interview on local television: “ Our hotline receives a dozen calls a day from tenants who are facing evictions right now, people who have been out of work for months, who no longer know where to go, who survive by living in their homes. car. There are people who came to see us today at the demonstration who no longer have a home and who for the first time felt they were no longer alone. ».

Tara Raghuveer grew up in Kansas City. Of Indian origin, a Harvard graduate, a promising career awaited her, but she chose to come back to her city: “ I grew up in Kansas City in a rich white neighborhood, although my Indian parents weren’t particularly well off when they arrived. But I lived in a bubble all my childhood, I had access to excellent public schools, libraries, many sports and cultural facilities, it was luxury. It was while studying the phenomenon of expulsions at university, then coming back here, that my world exploded in full flight. Because of course, a few streets away from my little bubble, there were people in pain. And most importantly, I discovered that in our city, people with whom I had grown up, made their living by exploiting other people. I realized that I was playing a role in this system of oppression, which benefits the whites, the capitalists, the profiteers, by exploiting the inhabitants of the black neighborhoods of the city. It got very personal when my neighbor showed me around the building he managed as if he was the head of a slum. He used his gun to threaten people who did not pay rent on time. It shocked me and for the past seven years I have been obsessively collecting data. »

Tara Raghuveer coordinates information campaigns, in-house training or the formation of tenant unions in buildings. But she also succeeded in having the Kansas City town hall sign the tenant’s charter of rights drafted by the collective. A first half-hearted victory since the commitment of the municipality was not followed by concrete actions, nor the necessary funding. Hence Tara Raghuveer’s ambition to go further: “ It is believed that the people who are most affected by the problems are those who are most able to find solutions. So, in the coming years, we are preparing to involve members of the organization in local elections. “. She thinks in particular of Jenay Manley: “ For someone like her to have the audacity to participate in a municipal election to challenge those elected officials who do not represent us, that would be a very important step for our organization. But this is only one means among others, we will continue to take things in hand as we have done today. »

If Tara Raghuveer were to place KC-Tenants on the American political spectrum, she said it would be as far left as possible, but the name does not matter: ” As Tania, a black woman, tells me that she goes to see the administrative services in charge of housing, and that she is arguing with another black woman who is waiting to get her housing assistance, Tania herself says to herself “We shouldn’t be fighting among ourselves but we should be fighting the people in power who created this corrupt system and of which we only see the crumbs”. Tania’s criticism is anti-capitalist criticism and she did not need to read Marx to formulate it. “

For Tania Caldwell, a member of the first hour, the secret of the success of KC-Tenants is also the bond that has been woven between the activists of the association. ” During our first date on February 17, 2019, we were only twelve people, the week after 35, the week after 70, it keeps growing. It is a relational space, we get to know each other personally and intimately, because we need to be very close to help each other and advance this cause which is literally a matter of life and death for many people. . Weaving real relationships is the basis of our movement, we don’t get together just to organize actions, we also spend time together, we see each other outside, we love each other. »

In the long term, KC-Tenants’ objective is to guarantee decent housing for all, in particular by having buildings constructed and managed by the public authorities, in a country where real estate is a private matter, in a very sensitive market. to speculation.

Downtown Kansas City is almost deserted by office workers working from home because of the Covid right now. The only ghosts in the city, and there are many, are homeless people, who mostly sleep in parks. Since January, more than 60,000 people have been evicted from their homes, but there are estimated to be 500,000 homeless in the United States today.

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US approves first treatment for COVID-19

It is the first and only treatment approved by the US regulatory agency FDA for COVID-19 in the United States

The United States approved the remdesivir by Gilead Sciences as the first treatment against COVID-19. It did so through the FDA drug regulatory agency.

“Veklury (brand name of remdesivir) is the first and only treatment approved by the FDA for COVID-19 in the United States “, indicated the biotechnology website, which ensures that it reduces recovery time by 5 days in hospitalized patients.

Remdesivir had already been licensed as emergency treatment against COVID-19 disease.

And, in the third phase of their clinical trials double-blind, it was considered one of the most promising treatments for combating the effects of pandemic disease.

“The speed and rigor with which we have reached this milestone reflects the shared commitment of Gilead, government agencies, and clinical trial researchers to advance new treatment options for patients in the fight against HIV. COVID-19“, has publicly recognized Daniel O’Day, CEO of the company through Twitter.

US Approves Gilead Sciences’ Remdesivir As First COVID-19 Treatment

How current is remdesivir

Remdesivir, as an antiviral, works by stopping the replication of SARS-CoV-2 —Scientific name of the new coronavirus. It has also been tested against multiple emerging viral pathogens such as Ebola, SARS 2002, and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome).

As reflected in the company’s statement, remdesivir is indicated to treat both adult patients as pediatric – from 12 years and with, at least, 40 kilograms.

It reduces the recovery of hospitalized patients by 5 days and has only, as the most frequent adverse reaction, sickness —One of the symptoms of COVID-19.

“The availability of a rigorously proven treatment that can significantly accelerate recovery and offers other benefits such as lower rates of progression to ventilation provides hospitalized patients and their families a relevant hope and offers health care providers a fundamental tool to serve patients in need “, recognized the expert Barry Zingman, professor of medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, New York , USA.

However, despite its recognition, the World Health Organization believes that remdesivir – and other drugs being tested against SARS-CoV-2 – is not effective in reducing mortality from the new coronavirus.

remdesivir is indicated to treat both adult and pediatric patients

Remdesivir is indicated to treat both adult and pediatric patients.

“These regimens of remdesivir, hidroxicloroquina, lopinavir and interferon seemed to have little effect on hospital mortality, “says the WHO Solidarity report consulted by the Financial Times.

In fact, plant doctors COVID-19 at the Gregorio Marañón Hospital in Madrid, have acknowledged that they had stopped using it in hospitalized patients because it “barely worked” —on the contrary in mild cases.

Likewise, a study published by Journal of the American Medical Association showed that remdesivir did not significantly improve the results of patients who took it for 10 days.

But, according to Gilead, the emerging data appears inconsistent with stronger evidence from multiple studies randomized controlled trials validating the clinical benefit of remdesivir. Plus, now, its approval as a treatment.

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US Presidential: immersed in the “swing states” of Minnesota and Wisconsin

Published on :

In some American states, you don’t expect any surprises when it comes time to elect a new president. They are Democrats in every election, like California, or Republicans, like Alabama. Also the election is played especially in what are called “swing states”, states which can switch to one side or the other. Report from Wisconsin and Minnesota, two key states with divided electorates.

“Several years ago, this whole region was democratic. And besides I too, I voted democratic”, recognizes Junior Kolterman in front of the panels in the glory of Donald Trump installed in his garden for the presidential election of November 3 . “But if they continue with all of their radical environmental programs, they’re going to take away our jobs here.” Junior Kolterman is a minor in northern Minnesota. Like many of his colleagues, he was seduced in 2016 by Donald Trump. “He is behind the working class, even if he is a millionaire”, assures the machine operator.

Defects like that of Junior Kolterman, the miners union USW sees more and more. “They believe in his promises to revive the mining industry,” said John Arbogast, union boss. “But Donald Trump has done nothing for us in three and a half years.”

Miner Junior Kolterman stands outside his home in Iron Range, Minnesota on October 5, 2020. © Jessica Le Masurier

Empty streets, abandoned shops … Eveleth, at the crossroads of all the mines in the region, is a dead town. The sites have been closing one after the other since the 1980s, mainly because of international competition. The workers find themselves unemployed, in a region where the prospects for reconversion are very slim. “It’s one of the last jobs we have here, so what will become of us? We can’t work in tourism for example, and raise a family of four while being paid 8 dollars a l It’s hard when you have little ones and you have to find a way to feed them, clothe them, send them to college, while the mine is closed. “

In 2016, many Minnesota voters fell for Donald Trump. The state remained Democratic, but with only 45,000 votes, thanks in particular to its capital, Minneapolis.

The influence of the movement against police violence

Four years later, Joe Biden cannot win without the vote of the black population, which is far from being won. This urban and democratic electorate had not moved in 2016. Things could change this time, in particular thanks to the movement for the civil rights which followed the death of George Floyd at the hands of the police force, last May in Minneapolis. At the crossroads where he died, Rozenia Fuller comes almost every day to meditate. She prays, she distributes leaflets to encourage her community to go and vote. “We are fighting for our lives even in this election. We have a president who promotes white supremacy. And so our voice matters more than ever. Now is not the time to give up,” said this pastor with passion. Baptist.

>> Read also: As the presidential election approaches, young Americans are giving voice

Wisconsin, a neighboring state of Minnesota, switched to the Republican side in 2016, with only 23,000 more votes for Donald Trump. The outgoing president intends to preserve this rural state, mainly composed of forests and farms.

Wisconsin, often referred to as “America’s dairy,” has the largest number of dairy farms in the United States. But he holds another record, that of the number of family farms that have gone bankrupt. This is the case of Lynn Hicks and her husband Nick, at the head of a family farm of 75 animals. At the origin of their difficulties: the customs war with Beijing led by the Trump administration. Exports to China fell and caused overproduction, and the price of milk was halved.

Yet Nick Hicks still supports the outgoing president. According to him, Donald Trump was right to be firm with Beijing. “In the long run, if he’s there for another term, we’re going to find that what he started doing was a good thing.”

Republicans against Trump

In the United States, the vast majority of farmers traditionally vote for the Republican Party. This is not the case with the Rosenholm, also settled in Wisconsin. Unlike the Hicks, they are the head of a very large farm of over 700 heads, and are very angry with the president for his customs war which cost them $ 400,000. Since then, the Rosenholm have received aid from the federal state: “It’s quite funny because the Republicans keep saying that they are against socialism, against communism, that they don’t want the government intervene, but every time there is a Republican president, we get help, we get money. “

Farmer John Rosenholm on his farm in Cochrane, Wis. October 7, 2020.
Farmer John Rosenholm on his farm in Cochrane, Wis. October 7, 2020. © Jessica Le Masurier, France 24

A few miles from the Rosenholm’s, on the Mississippi shore, Lori McCammon sighs. At 65, this grandmother still blames herself for slipping a Trump ballot into the ballot box in 2016. She was living in Southern California at the time and was afraid of illegal immigration from Latin America. But very quickly, Lori McCammon was disillusioned with the president’s zero tolerance policy and the separation of families at the border: “When I saw the children, locked in cages, some of whom were still breastfeeding … It ‘s is beyond cruelty “, she indignantly. Lori has since joined a movement that emerged at the start of the presidential campaign: Republicans against Donald Trump, which brings together voters disillusioned by the president’s policies and who prefer to support Joe Biden.

Lori McCammon tries to convince those around her who are still undecided, like her friend Frank Zacher. But this retiree from the restaurant, Republican at heart, is tired of the constant solicitation: “I have a 39-year-old daughter who told me that if I vote for Trump, she won’t speak to me again for the rest of my life . Elections shouldn’t be like that. Adults should be able to vote for whomever they want and the day after the election, we should find out who won and join forces to make it work, to make things better ” .

For Lori, Donald Trump is responsible for this situation: “He created the divided United States of America”.

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Bruce Springsteen at dusk with “Letter to you”

Bruce Springsteen, at 71, signs a twentieth album that sounds like a farewell. For several years now, the Boss has been in a hurry to do, to say, to sing. There was an autobiography in 2016, Born to Run, in 2018 a series of spoken concerts which gave rise to the disc Springsteen on Broadway, in 2019 a country album Western Stars and his film … There you go Letter to You, the recording of which resulted in a documentary.

Always rock, Springsteen finds the E Street Band. This is the first time since the sessions of Born in the U.S.A., released in 1984, which he recorded live, almost under live conditions, with his long-standing group.

Five days to box the album

It only took five days in his studio in New Jersey to box, with raw sincerity, nine new songs and three titles written in the 1970s, “Janey Needs a Shooter”, “If I Was the Priest” and ” Song for Orphans ”. Musicians with weathered faces and his wife Patti Scialfa surround the singer, who has filmed himself in snowy landscapes, immense plains bordered by forests. A rural America with wide horizons.

“What I discovered in good and bad days / I wrote it all in ink and blood / I plunged into my soul / And I signed with my name / This letter that I send you “, sings Springsteen. His album ends with “I’ll See You in my Dreams”, an almost disturbing message. His grated voice, sometimes seeming on the verge of breaking, remains vigorous, carried by this tempo which gives rock all its energy. The most beautiful title turns out to be a guitar / voice ballad, “One Minute You’re Here”, a song about the passage of time whose folk modulation reminds Johnny Cash.

Columbia Sony CD, € 16.99. Documentary on Apple TV +

Bruce Springsteen, the total, by Philippe Margotin and Jean-Michel Guesdon, Éd. E / P / A, 672 p., € 49.95.

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public mistrust threatens the fight against the pandemic

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Two American laboratories intend to apply for marketing authorization for their Covid-19 vaccine by the end of November in the United States. A vaccine that could be a game-changer in the face of the epidemic when more than 40 million people around the world are infected and Europe is experiencing a second wave. But now, a significant part of the population is reluctant to be vaccinated. This is what a study published Tuesday, October 20 in the journal Nature Medicine reveals.

The vaccine is not yet available and many are already turning away from it. According to the authors of this study, conducted in 19 countries hard hit by Covid-19, some 72% of the population would be ready to be vaccinated. It sounds like a lot, but it is far from sufficient to ensure effective immunization coverage.

Especially since these figures vary from one region to another. If 9 out of 10 Chinese are ready to take a proven, safe and effective vaccine, they are only 55% of Russians.

« Regain confidence »

« We are concerned because some regions have a very low level of acceptability, explains Jeffrey Lazarus of the Barcelona Institute for Global Health, who conducted the study. We must therefore understand this reluctance to be vaccinated and respond to it. Otherwise, there is a risk of delaying the recovery of the situation.
Authorities need to do more than just declare a vaccine safe and effective. We need to pursue a real policy to regain confidence by responding to the concerns of communities, by responding to this historical level of mistrust towards vaccines. You have to take into account religious and cultural beliefs.
»

Another cause for concern, according to Jeffrey Lazarus: this study was carried out during the summer. Since then, the vaccine issue has become a political issue. Mistrust could therefore concern even more people.

To listen: Flu vaccine and Covid-19, the link not found

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Good morning from Michigan, one of the decisive states for the US presidential election

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With 12 days of the Nov. 3 election, nothing is over in Michigan. This Midwestern state is the birthplace of the American auto industry and traditionally a Democratic stronghold. Yet in 2016, Donald Trump managed to win it with only 10,700 votes ahead of Hillary Clinton.

From our special envoys,

It was a political earthquake here. And a trauma for the unions which, for decades, were kingmakers in politics, so great was their influence on the workers’ vote. We met Jerry, a former trade unionist now retired, in Monroe. It is a small town where workers offered Donald Trump in 2016 a spectacular 22% lead over his Democratic competitor, when all unions called to vote for Hillary Clinton.

« Our union has always supported the Democrats because they defended, among other things, labor rights, we Jerry explains. But a lot of industries have left Monroe. We had automobile factories, paper factories. The Ford company was one of the largest employers in the region. They are all gone. Before, it was a big union town here, with a lot of blue collar workers, workers who supported the Democratic Party! But Trump has taken advantage of all these job losses and made our union members take another path. »

Trump posters

In 2016, Donald Trump promised to attack NAFTA, the free trade agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada. An agreement responsible for the relocation of thousands of American jobs. Once at the White House, the president began renegotiating the treaty which resulted in a new text last January.

In Monroe, Denis welcomes the “ serious From its president. This worker covered the facade of his house with posters to the glory of his hero. ” I’m gonna vote for Donald Trump, he says. And I hope he wins the election again. Four years ago, he made a lot of promises. And he did what he said he was going to do. Denis lost his job because of the coronavirus health crisis. But that does not dampen his enthusiasm.

« He promised a lot of things that didn’t come to pass. »

What about the management of the Covid-19 pandemic by Donald Trump? ” I think no one really knew how to go about it, defends Philippe, an engineer at the Chrysler factory in Warren. Until the arrival of the virus, there were jobs anyway. Everyone was working. »

The town of Warren is twenty minutes north of Detroit. Like Monroe, she depends on manufacturing jobs. And here too, workers who had voted for the Democratic Party all their lives opted, four years ago, for Donald Trump, like Marty.

« But I’m not revoting for him this year, he promises. He promised to bring tens of thousands of jobs back to the United States. But they didn’t come back. On the contrary. Right next to here is a General Motors factory that has closed. It closed even before the virus arrived! The people who worked there weren’t happy at all. When a factory closes it’s terrible, you know. Thousands of people suddenly find themselves unemployed. So he promised a lot of things that didn’t come to pass. »

Pocket-handkerchief

According to the US Department of Labor, jobs in Michigan’s auto industry have shrunk by 2,000 over the past four years, before the coronavirus arrived. Closed in August 2019, the General Motors plant in Warren was reopened last March to manufacture medical masks. But it only employs 150 people. And yet, Marty thinks the president still has a chance of winning in his riding.

« I live in the northern part of Macomb County, he explains. In the gardens in front of the houses, nine out of ten posters are posters for Donald Trump. It’s incredible. I think he will win Macomb County once again. Although I know people who say they won’t give him their voice back a second time. In Michigan it’s 50-50 now. It will be played in a pocket square. »

To listen: Good morning from Scranton, hometown of Joe Biden, in full electoral reconquest

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US intelligence services: Russian hackers have access to voting systems | NOW

Russian hackers have been hacking American computer networks in recent days to gain access to voting systems. US intelligence services believe Russia poses a greater threat than Iran in the upcoming presidential election. That writes The New York Times.

John Ratcliffe, chief of US intelligence, said on Thursday Iran and Russia hold voter data. With that, the countries can try to influence the presidential elections. But intelligence insiders consider it strange that Ratcliffe’s focus during his speech was on Iran. According to them, Russia is a bigger threat.

At the moment, there is no evidence that Russians have changed anything in the voting systems, sources say. But US authorities expect that if no president is elected on election night, Russians can step in. They could take websites offline or release information that could call into question the integrity of voting results.

This could lead to more publicity being given to statements made by US President Donald Trump. He said earlier that the election voting system has been “manipulated” and that he can only be defeated if his opponents are cheating.

Ratcliffe promised on Thursday that the presidential elections are not in danger. FBI director Christopher Wray also joins in. “We will not tolerate foreign interference in our elections and criminal activities that endanger the integrity of your vote or undermine confidence in the election results.”

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