the Senate trial, a double-edged sword for Democrats

DECRYPTION – The impeachment procedure can have serious consequences on the legislative priorities of the new administration.

The last poisoned gift of Donald Trump to his successor Joe Biden was not premeditated: the parliamentary impeachment procedure against the outgoing president, initiated Monday in the House of Representatives, will rebound in the Senate after his “Inauguration Day”, the ceremony of investiture of January 20. Equipped with the narrowest room for maneuver in the upper house of Congress, on a perfect equality of votes with the Republicans (50) and that, decisively, of the future vice-president Kamala Harris, the Democrats now fear that the trial of Donald Trump for “incitement to insurgency”Does not strike the legislative priorities of the new Administration.

Foremost among them are the national coordination of the fight against Covid-19 and the diligent distribution of vaccine doses, measures to revive a land-based economy and checks to individuals, the return to the country. Paris climate agreement, extension of the Obamacare health insurance scheme,

This article is for subscribers only. You have 85% left to discover.

Subscribe: 1 € the first month

Can be canceled at any time

Already subscribed? Log in


hundreds of indictments for pro-Trump attackers on Capitol Hill

The judicial authorities have already identified 170 suspects of the violence on the Capitol and are anticipating “Hundreds” charges over the coming months, some of which “Sedition”a senior justice ministry official said on Tuesday (January 12th).

→ CONTEXT. United States: concerns ahead of Joe Biden’s inauguration ceremony

Justice has so far held back “The simplest charges to act as quickly as possible”, like those of“Illegal intrusion” or from “Unauthorized carrying of arms”Washington Federal Attorney Michael Sherwin explained.

But the prosecutions may be requalified later and “We are considering retaining major crimes like sedition and conspiracy” for the most serious acts, he added at a press conference. A cell made up of prosecutors experienced in national security and corruption cases has been formed to prepare such prosecutions, which carry sentences of up to 20 years in prison, he said.

Identify participants thanks to the many photos and videos

Hundreds of Donald Trump supporters invaded the seat of Congress in Washington on January 6, causing chaos and violence as parliamentarians certified Democrat Joe Biden’s presidential victory. The federal police immediately mobilized teams to identify the participants in this assault thanks to the many photos and videos posted on social networks.

→ MAINTENANCE. Assault on Capitol Hill is “a serious warning about the unpredictability of populist leaders”

Seventy people have already been charged, including some figures in the movement such as Jake Angeli, known for his buffalo headdress, or Richard Barnett, who set foot on the office of Democratic leader in Congress, Nancy Pelosi.

→ TO READ. United States: Some Capitol rioters claim Nazi mysticism

Homemade bombs had also been discovered near the Capitol, near the offices of the Democratic and Republican parties. “They were real, with real detonators and a retarder”, stressed Michael Sherwin. The investigation must determine if it was a diversion to occupy the Capitol police at the time of the assault or a project “More evil”.


“It is for this kind of president that the mechanism is planned”

INTERVIEW – For Julian Zelizer, professor of history and public affairs at Princeton University in New Jersey, the recourse to impeachment is quite legitimate.

Washington correspondent

LE FIGARO. – Are we witnessing the end of a somewhat chaotic presidency or something more serious?

Pr Julian ZELIZER. – We have just gone through a major crisis. The dismissal of the president is not a trivial event. In addition, the one just voted on is the second in just over a year, compared to the procedure having only been applied three times in the previous two centuries. Most importantly, we have seen an insurgency against the legislature launched by the President of the United States. Members of Congress were attacked while counting an election. It is an unprecedented event, and it is very serious.

Was Trump his trigger or did he only catalyze a deeper crisis?

We have seen a conjunction of the two. There are deep roots to this crisis, but it is undeniable that the personality of Donald Trump played a role in the turn of events. Trump

This article is for subscribers only. You have 86% left to discover.

Subscribe: 1 € the first month

Can be canceled at any time

Already subscribed? Log in


Fanny Bullock Workman, a woman at the top

Every week with RetroNews, the BNF press site, we take a look at a sports story as told by the press of the time.

The anecdote sums up the character of the lady. In 1906, the American Fanny Bullock Workman became the tallest woman in the world after her ascent of Pinnacle Peak, 6,930 meters in the Himalayas. She defends this record like a mother cat her babies. So when, in 1908, another American woman challenged her after having, she thought, exceeded 7,000 meters at the top of Mount Huascarán, in Peru, Fanny Bullock Workman paid a team from the geographical service of the French army to establish precisely the altitude of the Andean mountain. Measures taken, its competitor only climbed to some 6,700 meters. Fanny Bullock Workman remains on top.

The episode also says a lot about the means of the Bullock Workman couple. Wealth can encourage idleness. Or overactivity. Very clearly, rather than sleeping on it, Fanny Bullock and William Hunter preferred to spend their fortune to satisfy their appetites, which are more exotic and higher than their native Massachusetts. Both come from the same world. The wealthy and aristocratic families of the eastern United States. Among these people, young girls travel from an early age. “Fanny is staying in France and Germany. From childhood and adolescence, she developed a taste for adventure, as evidenced by certain short and new stories that she wrote. It features aristocratic heroines escaping their obligations and discovering the world. It already shows an attention for the status and rights of women, a thirst for travel and a certain attraction for the world of mountaineering ”, writes the site History by Women.

“Countries where no human being had ever entered”

Returning to the United States in 1879, she married William Hunter Workman three years later. It was he who introduced her to mountaineering in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. At the end of the XIXe century, American women, unlike their European counterparts, have a strong incentive to conquer the summits, and the mountaineering community is particularly progressive when it comes to women’s rights.

On the death of their respective fathers, and strong in their inheritance, Fanny and William settled in Germany in 1889. From there, at Fanny’s initiative, they embarked on more and more distant bicycle excursions (Switzerland, France, Italy, Spain, Algeria, India…) during which they continue to climb and nourish travel stories. Fanny Bullock Hunter will be one of the first women to climb Mont Blanc. She and her husband discovered the Himalayas at the turn of the century. Their notoriety reached the French press. “A woman, already famous for her explorations in the Himalayas, Mrs. Fanny Bullock Workman has just reached the hitherto unexplored summit of Koser-Gunge [Pakistan], 21,000 feet high, of which the enormous glacier, the Chogo-Lungmo, was considered impassable, relate the sling from 1is November 1902. The expedition had to suffer from terrible hurricanes, and with each step, it had to carve its way in the ice, several times the native kulis, carrying utensils and provisions, deserted, thus forcing tourists to descend to get other men. Nevertheless, the expedition was able to carry out its project. “ Relations with the natives will become a recurring problem during the couple’s expeditions.

“Fanny Bullock Workman has been a fervent campaigner for women’s suffrage, writes his biographer. She saw herself as a role model for other female travelers and mountaineers ”. If Bullock Workman was a forerunner in matters of female emancipation, this is far from being the case in his apprehension of the populations that the couple meets in their travels. In their travelogues, they talk about people “Exotic and singular, at worst primitive or even sub-human”. A vision quite in the western air of time at the beginning of the XXe century.

October 12, 1906, the truth relates through the menu a new expedition of the couple in the Himalayas. Where we learn that Fanny and William also work as geographers, correcting the data that others before them had established: “Part of the trip was made in areas where no human being had ever entered, and in several places travelers could see topographical errors appearing on existing maps.”

Stories of mountaineers in RétrosportsRoger Frison-Roche, writer and journalist of the summits; 1950: Annapurna, 8,091 meters of fame for Herzog and resentment for Lachenal; Jacques Balmat, Mr. Mont Blanc; Henriette d’Angeville, “the bride of Mont Blanc”

Between two expeditions, Fanny Bullock Workman gives conferences and the press does not have enough strong words to express all the admiration she arouses. Articles that also describe the life of the couple, who entrusted the education of their children to nurses. The French Republic of November 13, 1904: “Paris will receive today Sunday the visit of an explorer who is not cold in the eyes. It is an American, Mrs. Fanny Bullock Workman, well known in the New World, where her exploits caused a sensation. ” The morning, of November 22, 1904: “A valiant American explorer, Mrs. Fanny Bullock Workman, told herself, last night, in one of the amphitheatres of the Sorbonne, her ascents in the Himalayas. […] In the company of her husband, as Mrs. Bullock-Workmann travels with her husband, a doctor of medicine who has preferred to the practice of his art the fascinating chances of an explorer’s life, she went to the foot of the Himalayas and swore to herself to ‘to be the first woman to climb the icy slopes of the giant Gaorisankar. She came to us the other day, after spending two years on the border with Turkestan, scaling seven peaks, crossing four snow passes, exploring the Karakorum glaciers and ascending to an altitude of 7,132 meters. ”

“An endurance of which very few men would be capable”

La Petite Gironde of November 17, 1909: “That our poor European Mont Blanc therefore seems small when we leave a conference of the famous American qui now holds the world record for women’s altitudes! What, indeed, count the 4,810 meters of the so-called giant of Europe and its hasty climbs, when for an hour and a half of clock this daring mountaineer described to you a long journey of exploration, starting at only 5,000? meters to rise to 7,100 meters, and makes pass before your eyes the most dazzling, the most prestigious photographic evocation of glaciers, seracs, snowfields, needles and peaks, many of which explored for the first time. ” Dawn of 14 May 1910: “Ms. Workman is known in the scientific world for her explorations in the Himalayas, the highest mountains in the world, which she has visited six times already. His great ascent was the summit of a virgin peak at 7,102 meters in the Nun Kun range. Following the desire expressed by some of her friends, Mrs. Workman, who is an officer of Public Instruction in France, booked the Femina Theater to give an illustrated lecture Tuesday afternoon, on Himalayanism – the latest in major sports. ”

The newspaper of 5 December 1913 also goes there with its eulogy: “The Geographical Society and the Alpine Club will welcome the most fervent, most intrepid woman mountaineer we know: Mrs. Fanny Bullock Workman, an American who, for seven years, has climbed with zeal, vigor, endurance, few men would be capable of the “vertiginous peaks” of the Himalayas. “ Daily life splits into an equally dizzying exercise in racist essentialization: “The constitution of the caravan is an infinitely delicate thing. It is impossible to have recourse only to the coolies. While the Kashmiris and Ladakhis are relatively courageous and loyal, nothing should be expected from the natives of Balistan. Do they perceive a plateau at the end of which rises a slope whose climbing does not tempt them, they throw themselves to the ground, uttering loud cries and making it understood that they would rather have their throats cut instead. than pushing forward. Prayers, threats, offers of money also remain in vain. So Mrs. Bullock Workman had to be accompanied, in her various ascents, by guides, whom she had recruited in the Alps and whose skill, courage, devotion were, on many occasions, a precious help to her. . “

“The record holder of mountaineering”

The newspaper finally comes back to the episode “the woman who wanted to be the tallest in the world instead of the tallest woman in the world”: “The intrepid traveler who deserves the honor of having visited regions where no one before her had ever set foot, rightly enjoys universal renown. Its successes have not been without arousing the jealousy of some of its rivals. One of them, Miss Annie Peck, did not claim to have climbed to the summit of Huascarán, in the Peruvian Andes, whose altitude is 7300 meters. Verification was needed. Mrs. Bullock Workman begged a Frenchman, Mr. de Larminat, whose knowledge was a sufficient guarantee, to go to the Andes mountain range. What he did. His calculations completed, he announced to the world that the peak reached by Mrs. Bullock Workman was 300 meters higher than that of Miss Annie Peck. Ms. Bullock Workman is therefore, scientifically, the mountaineering record holder. ”

To (re) readAll articles from the Retrosports section

The First World War marked the end of Fanny and William Bullock Workman’s travels. The one who has received numerous honorary distinctions from geographical societies or mountaineering, makes her celebrity fruitful through her conferences. Considered one of the most formidable mountaineers, men and women alike, of her time, she fell ill in 1917 and died in 1925 in Cannes at the age of 66. William survived him until 1937.

To read during the Handball World CupWhen handball was a political combat sport

Gilles Dhers


Nancy Pelosi, figurehead of the anti-Trump

« Crazy Nancy “, In other words in French” Nancy the crazy Is the nickname Donald Trump gave him. But Nancy Pelosi, 80, is not the type to be impressed. Politics has been running through his veins since his earliest childhood.

Daughter of Thomas d’Alesandro Jr, former Democratic mayor of Baltimore, she was associated with her father’s commitments from an early age. It is therefore quite logical that after the birth of her fifth child, she decides to throw herself into the lion’s den that is American politics.

→ EXPLANATION. United States: what is the point of launching impeachment proceedings against Donald Trump now?

She took her first steps in the House of Representatives in 1987 as a member of Parliament for California. She was then appointed leader of the Democrats in 2003, before taking over the presidency of the House from 2007 to 2011. She is the first woman to hold this post. ” Nancy Pelosi didn’t have to fight. She quickly made a place for herself among the Democrats. She is very connected with major party donors in California, which is extremely important to an American politician. », Underlines Marie-Christine Bonzom, political scientist and specialist in the United States.

From centrist to Donald Trump’s first enemy

But if Nancy Pelosi is today the most famous anti-Trump in the country, she was not necessarily predestined. Belonging to the centrist branch of the Democratic camp, she slows down when the wing on the far left asks for the launch of an impeachment procedure at the start of the term of the Republican president. She fears that this will serve him and make him a “martyr” to his faithful. But the Ukrainian espionage affair and suspicion of corruption in September 2019 – when she was just re-elected as Speaker of the House – make her change her mind.

This sudden turn is partly due, according to Marie-Christine Bonzom, to the pressures she has been faced with from all sides: “ Nancy Pelosi has radicalized over the past four years. She had to face pressure from both sides: on the left, with the progressive branch of her party, and on the right with the radicalization of Donald Trump’s policies, totally contrary to her convictions. ».

Since the start of her last term, she no longer hesitates to present herself as the most virulent and media member of the opposition against Donald Trump. ” We remember her face-to-face at the White House where she responded sharply to the president under the eyes of the cameras. It has become a showdown, a matter almost more personal than political », Regrets Marie-Christine Bonzom.

A personal matter which Nancy Pelosi does not want to hear about. At the end of 2019, when a journalist asks her if she ” hate the president “, She responds vehemently that she does” hate nobody “, Having been raised in a” catholic family “, And that it only defends the Constitution in accordance with its role of” Speaker “.

Difficult “goodbyes”

This position of leader of the opposition and president of the chamber, she is doing everything to keep it. Freshly re-elected on January 3, the election of Nancy Pelosi is not unanimous, even within her party. Faced with increasingly divided Democrats, she struggles to keep her post, even as figures of the new generation, like Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, have urged her to give up .

She wins, but snatched up, five elected from her camp not having given her their vote. ” The left wing of the Democrats, the progressives, believes that Joe Biden owes his election to their support and that of Bernie Sanders. They have a much greater mobilization on the ground. She was therefore forced to let go of a little ballast by promising to stay only two years and leaving them a few leadership positions in the chamber. », Explains the political scientist.

The number three in the US federal government should therefore respect his promise and leave his post in early 2023. But before that, all means are good to win his last fight against Donald Trump and succeed in removing him.


Republican elected officials accused of helping to prepare for the Capitol uprising

Have elected Republican officials helped prepare for the invasion of the Capitol with support from Donald Trump and far-right militias? This is the question that agitates the American political landerneau, reports in particular the Guardian.

“If members of Congress are found to be complicit in this insurgency, if they aided and abetted this crime, there could be consequences outside of Congress in terms of prosecution. [judiciaires, ndlr]», Speaker Nancy Pelosi said on Friday.

She refers to the allegations of an elected Democrat from New Jersey, Mikie Sherrill, who claims to have seen Republican parliamentarians making visits “of recognition»From the Capitol the day before the events. “These members of Congress whom I saw inviting groups of visitors to the Capitol on January 5, in gratitude for the next day, […] I will ensure that they are held accountable and, if necessary, that they can no longer be elected to Congress ”, she said in a video last Wednesday.

Mikie Sherrill and 33 other Democrats signed a letter calling for light to be shed on the identity of visitors and the reason for their presence. In theory, public visits to the Capitol have been banned since last March due to the pandemic. However, many parliamentarians continued to invite small groups.

The January 5 visits were more numerous than usual and different according to Mikie Sherrill and the signatories, some of whom were “Served in the army and are trained to recognize suspicious activity”. They also demand that facial recognition software be used.

Olivier Monod


United States: unprecedented 13th federal execution under Trump presidency

“There have never been so many federal executions in such a short period of time,” notes Richard Dunham, director of the Information Center on the Death Penalty: “The maximum number of civilians executed by the federal authorities was 16 in 1896 ”, compared with 13 executions in six months.

Lhe American federal authorities carried out their 13th and last execution in six months on Saturday, according to media reports, an unprecedented series which, again, will distinguish Donald Trump from his predecessors in the history books.

Dustin Higgs, a 48-year-old black man, received a lethal injection at Terre-Haute Federal Penitentiary in Indiana, The New York Times reported.

One evening in January 1996, he had invited three young women to his apartment near Washington, with two friends. One of them having refused his advances, he had offered to renew them, but had stopped in an isolated federal reserve. According to the Ministry of Justice, he then ordered one of his friends to shoot the three women.

In 2000, he was sentenced to death for kidnapping and murder. The author of the shots was sentenced to life imprisonment.

“It’s arbitrary and unfair to punish Mr. Higgs more than the killer,” said his lawyer Shawn Nolan in a request for clemency addressed to Donald Trump. As in other cases, the Republican president, a fervent defender of the death penalty, had not followed up.

On the contrary, his administration fought in court to be able to proceed with the execution before he left the White House, in four days.

13 executions in six months

“There have never been so many federal executions in such a short period of time”,

The Republican administration resumed in July a practice suspended for 17 years, while at the same time states postponed all executions to avoid spreading the virus.

Since then, twelve Americans have received lethal injections in Terre-Haute, including, for the first time in nearly 70 years, a woman, executed despite doubts about her mental health.

“There have never been so many federal executions in such a short period of time,” notes Richard Dunham, director of the Information Center on the Death Penalty: “The maximum number of civilians executed by the federal authorities was 16 in 1896 ”, compared with 13 executions in six months.

With the execution of Mr. Higgs, six have taken place since Joe Biden’s victory in the presidential election on November 3, again unheard of, he adds.


Justice US withdraws allegation that Capitol stormers wanted to kill politicians in | NOW

US prosecutors have retracted claim that Capitol stormers planned to kill or kidnap politicians, reports CNN Saturday based on court documents.

Prosecutors involved in the prosecution of Jacob Chansley, a supporter of the QAnon movement who wore animal skins and horns during the deadly riots in Washington, argued Friday that rioters wanted to kill politicians.

Chansley was part of the group that broke into the Capitol on Wednesday when the results of the presidential election were confirmed there. Justice reports in court documents that he left a note there for Vice President Mike Pence, saying, “It’s a matter of time. Justice is coming.”

During the authorities’ investigation, evidence that rioters “intended to capture and murder elected officials” also emerged. This would appear from, among other things, the “words and deeds” of Chansley, who was described by the judiciary as a drug user who is suspected of having psychological problems and a risk of flight.

A prosecutor in the US state of Arizona has now asked the judge to remove this allegation from court papers to avoid misleading the court. Just hours earlier, Michael Sherwin, the Washington district attorney, said he had no direct evidence that Trump supporters wanted to imprison or kill politicians during the assault.


Deserted streets, Capitol locked … Washington under high tension

IN IMAGES, IN PICTURES – Still shaken by the assault on the Capitol on January 6, the American capital barricaded itself and its streets emptied as Joe Biden’s inauguration approached.

Concrete blocks, police flashing lights, national guards in fatigues and armed, security is maximum Wednesday morning in central Washington, where Congress votes on a second historic “impeachment” of Donald Trump.

Ghost town for several months following the health and economic crises and then anti-racist demonstrations, the federal capital is now the reflection of a country on edge, under tension, still shaken by the events of January 6 at the Capitol.

How Donald Trump watched imperturbably the assault on Capitol Hill

The National Guard, an internal military force, now protects the premises with armed men, bulletproof vests and combat uniform. The elected representatives of the House of Representatives are locked there to decide on an indictment of the Republican president, the second of his term.

Striking images, dozens of soldiers spent the night inside the Congress building, still sleeping on the floor in the rooms and corridors even as elected officials arrived.

The Capitol is surrounded by a security fence, just like the White House since last spring and the demonstrations that followed the death of George Floyd, a symbol of police brutality against black Americans.

Fearing further excesses on the occasion of the inauguration of Mr. Biden, local and federal authorities, including the mayor of Washington and the governors of Maryland and Virginia, the two neighboring states, have called for all travel to be avoided. to town next week. The FBI has warned that armed groups are preparing actions ahead of the ceremony.

Like the businesses that have barricaded themselves and concrete blocks laid out in the American capital, Airbnb has canceled all reservations planned in Washington next week, an unprecedented measure that shows the concern of the large digital platforms, decided not to not facilitate possible excesses and violence during the inauguration of the future US president Joe Biden.

The 2020 crises have shaken Washington

Washington, federal capital which has become a vibrant metropolis in recent years, bears the scars of the successive crises of the past twelve months.

Strolling there these days, it is difficult to distinguish the boards of restaurants closed by the pandemic from those of buildings protecting themselves from violence.

“This is the first time that I’ve been (to downtown Washington) in over a year, and usually there are people everywhere. It’s very, very quiet. I almost think that (the city) is just a shadow of itself ”, says Jaime, a mother from Maryland who did not want to give her name.

Schoolchildren who came from all over the country to visit American institutions now stay at home, as do foreign tourists. The ball of officials and lobbyists in suit and tie in the streets of downtown is also over.

“The city is essentially deserted”, says Nadine Seiler, 55, who has been demonstrating every day since the end of October near the White House, in favor of anti-racist causes. According to her, “Usually (Washington) is very stressful, but now it’s like everyone’s gone on vacation.”

Museums, free Washington institutions, have also been closed since March. Mayor Muriel Bowser has also recently widened the restrictions so that restaurants can no longer serve indoor customers. According to the specialized site Eater, nearly 70 restaurants have already had to permanently close their doors in Washington since the start of the pandemic.

The increase in economic insecurity is also palpable in the streets with the lengthening of queues at soup kitchens, or the proliferation of homeless tents around the main boulevards of the city center.

SEE ALSO – For Olivier Babeau, “censoring” Donald Trump is confirming conspiracy theories

The lasting effects of the Black Lives Matter movement

Spring anti-racist rallies have also transformed the center of the capital.

Demonstrators are now found at every event on one of the main arteries leading to the White House, renamed “Black Lives Matter Plaza” by the Democratic town hall, with “Black Lives Matter” (“black lives matter”) written on it. the ground in giant yellow letters.

It has become a place of walking but also of celebrations. This is where Washingtonians, overwhelmingly committed to the Democratic Party, loudly came to celebrate Joe Biden’s victory in the November 3 election.

SEE ALSO – Impeachment: Trump is “an obvious and immediate danger” and “must go”, insists Pelosi


Donald Trump calls on his supporters for calm

FBI warns of the risk of violent action as Joe Biden’s nomination draws near.

Washington correspondent

Congress and Trump accuse each other of inciting violence. At the instigation of its Democratic president, Nancy Pelosi, whose office was taken over by rioters last Wednesday, the House of Representatives began a new impeachment procedure against the president, a week before the end of his mandate. Accused of inciting an insurgency for his speech calling for a march on Capitol Hill, Trump refused any responsibility, retorting that the impeachment proceedings launched against him risked, on the other hand, sparking further violence.

“This dismissal creates immense anger”Trump said before flying to Texas on Tuesday, where he was to visit the border wall site, one of his campaign themes. “This indictment is truly the continuation of the greatest witch hunt in political history. It is absolutely ridiculous. And it’s a really terrible thing they’re doing, Nancy

This article is for subscribers only. You have 82% left to discover.

Subscribe: 1 € the first month

Can be canceled at any time

Already subscribed? Log in