The number of people seeking employment in the Basque Country and could not find it was 132,436 people at the end of November, 6,035 less than in October, according to the data registered in Lanbide, and the affiliation rises by 825 people. It is the third consecutive month in which unemployment has fallen, 4.36% less and it is the largest decrease recorded this month in the last 15 years. In year-on-year terms, there are 18,659 more people unemployed than in October 2019. With respect to the start of the pandemic, there are 15,197 more unemployed people than at the end of February, and 14,014 less than in August, the month in which unemployment reached the highest figure of the year, while 14,608 had the ERTE benefit recognized and RGI claimants increased by 0.6%.
The Deputy Minister of Employment, Elena Pérez Barredo, considers that the data set offered for the month of November are positive, especially if the forecasts made at the beginning of the pandemic are taken into account, but from the Basque Government they are observed with “great caution in the face of the uncertainties we are facing with the pandemic.”
Regarding the demand registered in the Lanbide offices, unemployment decreased less among women, with a decrease of 3.59%, while among men the decrease was 5.29%. In the annual relation, the increase in unemployment is notably higher among men (+ 20.21%) than among women (+ 13.47%). Even so, 55.16% of unemployed people are women, which explains why many of the activities considered essential, such as health or the part of commerce that remained open during confinement, are highly feminized.
By age, the decline in unemployment in November was more pronounced among people under 24 years of age, with a drop in unemployment of 8.74%, although the decline decreased in all bands. In the year-on-year balance, the increase in unemployment among those aged 16 to 24 years (+ 42.56%) and among those over 54 years of age stands out, although in this case the increase is more moderate (+ 8.66%). For those who have not yet had their first work experience, it decreases by 5.94%.
Too Unemployment fell in the three Territories, most notably in Álava (-8.87%), 2,139 fewer unemployed people than in October, standing at 21,970 people. In Gipuzkoa it decreased by 4.21%, 1,547 people unemployed less than in October, standing at 35,214 people. In Bizkaia with 2,349 fewer unemployed people than in October, unemployment stood at 75,252 people, a decrease of 3.03%. In the annual balance, the worst performance corresponds to Araba with a relative increase of 17.77%, followed closely by Gipuzkoa with an increase of 17.33% and further away from Bizkaia, with an increase of 15.58%.
In relation to the activity, during November unemployment decreased in all sectors, and especially in construction (-5.68%), in the primary sector (- 5.48%), in industry (-5.43%) and in services (-3.70 %). In relation to the situation of last year, the strong increase in unemployment associated with services (17.31%) and industry (+ 14.36%) stands out. In the primary sector it increased by 11.62% and in construction by 8.67%. Those who are waiting for their first work experience increased by 18.63%. At a higher level of disaggregation, an increase in unemployment in accommodation services stands out (16 more people).
Regarding the time in which people remain unemployed, in November Long-term unemployment decreased by 2,522 people (-3.51%) and short-term unemployment by 3,513 (-5.27%). In the annual reference, there is an increase of 24.34% for the long-term group, while the short-term group increases 8.77%. The people most affected by the fluctuations in the labor market have been those who are in a situation of greater vulnerability, those who due to their job instability cause constant entry and exit in employment, a fact that caused the strong increase in short-term unemployment in the month last, and fact that has caused the sharp decrease this November. Currently 69,326 unemployed, 52.34% are long-term unemployed.
The number of contracts in the CAE has been 62,541, of which 4,727, 7.56%, have been indefinite. Hiring decreased 15.27% in relation to the previous month, and 21.9% in relation to November last year. The accumulated total of contracts during this year amounts to 643,992, 30.97% lower than the one we had in the same month of the previous year. The accumulated indefinite number amounted to 55,100, 29.64% lower than we had last year. The permanent rate is 7.6%, 8 tenths lower than that of November 2019. The rate of part-time contracts is 37.59%, 50.39% among women and 24.81% among women. mens.
With respect to these last two indices, chronification and temporality, The Deputy Minister of Employment has expressed her concern about the persistence of precariousness, a fact that she has described as “bad”, because they have been dragging on structurally since before the pandemic and have worsened as an effect of the current crisis.
Affiliation to Social Security
Last November, the Basque Country registered a average of 959,181 registered with Social Security, which is 825 more than in October (+ 0.99%) But 20,729 contributors less than in November 2019 (-2.16%), according to data made public this Wednesday by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration. Both Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa had more affiliates than in October, with 1,261 more contributors in the Biscayan territory and 93 more employed workers in Gipuzkoa. By contrast, Álava has scored 529 fewer contributors. All three maintain negative variations compared to last year, with 4,611 fewer affiliates in Alava, 6,747 fewer in Gipuzkoa and 9,371 fewer in Biscay.
According to SEPE data, At the end of November, there were 14,608 workers in the Basque Country with benefits recognized by ERTE, of which 7,811 are women, 53.5%. The hospitality industry groups 45.9% of these people, commerce 13.7%, and industry 11.5%. Auxiliary service activities (ETTs) and artistic, recreational also show a significant incidence of employed in ERTE. This data contrasts with that of the files requested during the last quarter in the Labor Directorate of the Basque Government, which had processed
7,032 files of which 5,523 refer to the hospitality sector, 78.5%, which can affect a maximum of 25,058 people. The difference, explained the vice-counselor, must be understood above all by the disaffection of workers in ERTE for the start of the activities that are possible (delivery of food at home, coffee to go etc …)
During the month of November 2020 the number of holders of an Income Guarantee Income benefit has increased by 332 people, an increase of 0.6%. The total number of headlines stands at 54,408, 2,061 more than in November 2019 and 2,168 more than at the end of February, at the beginning of the pandemic. Of the total number of people who receive the RGI, 18.2% have a precarious job, 23.8% are pensioners, 44.7% are unemployed and 13.3% are excluded from intermediating in the labor market.
Women with a precarious job are almost a quarter of the women who receive the RGI, 21.3%; among men this percentage is 13.9%. The situation of unemployment is more prevalent among men; the percentage of unemployed men is 52.7% while that of women in the same situation is 38.9%. The percentage of men excluded from participating in the labor market is 11.8%; the percentage of women excluded, however, is 14.4%. The pensioners are 25.4% of the total of women in the RGI, the men pensioners are 21.5%. This month RGI’s total “payroll” expenditure increased by 0.7%, by € 270,931 over the previous month’s figure. The maximum cost of RGI’s payroll occurred in November 2016 and was € 42,480,498, € 3,740,539 more than the current one.
In any case, the deputy minister has also pointed out concern about the data that confirm the high level of precariousness. 91.4% of the signed contracts are still temporary and the part-time rate continues at 37.59, highlighting this rate in women, which amounts to 50.39%. For this reason, Deputy Minister Pérez Barredo added “the policies of the Department of Labor and Employment is aimed at correcting those deficits that the labor market had been dragging down before the pandemic and which have only become more acute in these uncertain times. “
In addition, according to the data provided by the SEPE, at the end of November there were 14,608 workers who had the ERTE benefit recognized, of which 45.9% correspond to the hospitality sector, 13.7% to commerce and 11.5% to industry.
The unions appeal to the Administrations to obtain more and better employment
The Basque unions have urged the Administrations to adopt measures to support workers in the current context of the Covid-19 pandemic in order to seek an increase in employment and the generation of quality jobs.
In a note, the ELA union has highlighted the unemployment suffered by women (55.8% of the unemployed in Euskadi and Navarra) and the “structural” problem of unemployment and precariousness suffered by young people. The central has indicated that in this context of pandemic and uncertainty, “the working class needs measures by the administrations” and has called for other policies that create and consolidate employment “with decent conditions”, as well as a greater investment in the public sector, more involvement by governments in strategic sectors and aid to the sectors most affected by the pandemic.
LAB has also denounced, in another statement, the problem of unemployment among the youth group and has asked that this matter be included in “the political agenda.” He has indicated that for the recovery from the crisis to be inclusive it would have to benefit all sectors of society.
For its part, CCOO has shown that the measures applied to stop the expansion of covid-19 have led to a slowdown in the evolution of the labor market, with an “obvious” impact on the hospitality sector. He has appealed to “the effectiveness of administrations to monitor health and the proper functioning of social protection instruments” and has defended social dialogue, collective bargaining, as well as a deep commitment to public services to get out of the crisis.
Likewise, the UGT has pointed out that “it is necessary to face from the social dialogue to recover quality employment, eliminating the precariousness and temporality that continue to rise”. As indicated in a note, “92.4% of the contracts that are carried out are still temporary and precarious.” He has called on the Basque Government and employers to address policies aimed at quality and maintaining employment in order to “produce a true economic recovery for all sectors, especially for those most affected” by the pandemic .