Corona: This is how well the corona vaccine from Johnson & Johnson works

Silver Spring/Berlin.
The US drug agency has approved the corona vaccine from the US corporation Johnson & Johnson. The vaccine offers several advantages.

After the vaccine from Johnson & Johnson in the USA was admitted, is now also moving Admission in Europe closer. On March 11, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) wants to decide on the recommendation of the US manufacturer’s vaccine.

The responsible committee for human medicine will then meet for an extraordinary meeting, said the EMA With. The experts are expected to give the green light for approval in the EU. The EU Commission then has to give its formal approval – that could happen on the same day.

Johnson & Johnson received emergency approval in the United States

In the US it had the national Drug Agency FDA the mean of Johnson & Johnson an emergency license issued. Lower hurdles apply to this form of approval. The vaccine is approved for use from the age of 18. The company plans to have 20 million cans ready by the end of March, the first of which will start next week. By the end of June there should be 100 million cans.

The manufacturer Johnson & Johnson is best known in Germany for its cosmetic and hygiene products. The group also has its own pharmaceutical division. The vaccine that has now been approved is the third approved in the USA alongside the funds from Biontech / Pfizer and Moderna. The latter have already given more than 66 million injections across the US.

Coronavirus – The most important news at a glance

Johnson & Johnson has several advantages

The Swedish-British vaccine Astrazeneca, which is injected in Europe and in many other countries, has not yet been used in the United States. Like Astrazeneca, Johnson & Johnson is a vector vaccine. It is much easier to use than many other corona vaccines.

So he can at plus temperatures in the refrigerator and does not have to be frozen like those from Pfizer / Biontech. According to Johnson & Johnson, the product can be kept for at least three months at temperatures between two and eight degrees.

Another advantage over all current competing products: A single dose is enough for the full protective effect unfolds. The other vaccines that are currently used around the world, on the other hand, require two syringes.

US President Biden is extremely enthusiastic

US President Joe Biden spoke of “exciting news for all Americans and an encouraging development in our endeavors to end the crisis”. Biden called on US citizens to remain cautious despite the hope of the new vaccine: “We cannot give the all-clear now or assume that victory is inevitable,” he said.

At the end of January, Johnson & Johnson announced an interim result of its Phase III study with around 44,000 subjects, according to which the vaccine offers 66 percent protection against moderate or severe Covid-19 disease courses four weeks after administration. The effectiveness against serious illnesses was given significantly higher.

Corona vaccination – More about the vaccines:

Studies have shown that it is highly effective against serious diseases

According to this, the agent prevented serious illnesses by 85.9 percent in a large clinical study in the USA. In studies in South Africa and Brazil, where highly contagious variants of the pathogen are currently predominant, the effectiveness was somewhat lower, but still provided similarly strong protection against serious diseases.

The percentages mean that it is in the vaccinated volunteer group there were correspondingly fewer cases than in the placebo group. Study results show that some of the competing products are more effective.

Data on the duration of vaccination protection are not yet available, said the FDA. There is also no reliable information on whether vaccinated people transmit the SARS-CoV-2 virus. In early February, Johnson & Johnson applied for emergency approval from the FDA. The application followed in mid-February EU Medicines Agency EMA.

European Union has ordered 200 million cans from Johnson & Johnson

The EMA said it would be the vaccine from the Belgian Johnson & Johnson subsidiary Janssen-Cilag International NV examine in an expedited procedure. The EU Commission has ordered vaccination doses for 200 million people from Johnson & Johnson. She also has an option for another 200 million cans.

Other countries are also showing interest in the new vaccine: it was the only country before the USA that had Gulf state of Bahrain With its 1.6 million inhabitants, the active ingredient was granted emergency approval by Johnson & Johnson at the end of February.

Coronavirus – The most important news at a glance

The largest single batch is reserved for developing countries

Great Britain, which is no longer part of the EU, has ordered 30 million cans. Canada has secured 38 million cans. By far the largest single quantity of 500 million cans is for the international Covax vaccine platform reserved, through which vaccines for developing countries are procured and financed.

The new vaccine uses a so-called adenovirus as a vector. This usually triggers a common cold, but has been modified to prevent it from multiplying. On the vector genetic instructions are transmitted to the cells to produce a specific protein of the coronavirus. This prepares the immune system to fight the real coronavirus.

Corona – More information on the topic


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Corona live: “No lingering” in Düsseldorf’s old town on weekends

Merkel against the premature return of basic rights to vaccinated people

Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) is against giving preference to people who have been vaccinated against the corona virus over those who have not been vaccinated. “As long as the number of those vaccinated is so much smaller than those who are waiting for the vaccination, the state should not treat the two groups differently,” said the Chancellor in an interview with the “Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung” that appeared on Thursday.

When it comes to private contractual relationships, “we cannot interfere with the state,” she added. In addition, it must first be “clearly” clarified that vaccinated people are no longer contagious. Merkel made it clear, however, that the way people dealt with vaccinated and non-vaccinated could change. “When we have made a vaccination offer to enough people and some of them do not want to be vaccinated at all, one will have to consider whether there should be openings and accesses only for vaccinated people in certain areas. But we’re not there yet. “

The Chancellor herself does not want to be vaccinated until it is her turn according to the prioritization recommended by the Standing Vaccination Commission. “I think it is right, in addition to the particularly vulnerable and the elderly, to first invite population groups who cannot keep their distance in their job to be vaccinated.” Merkel made it clear that, in contrast to other professional groups, she is able to keep her distance. “An educator in the daycare center, a primary school teacher cannot do that. These are the people who should get your turn in front of someone like me. ”

In the interview, the Chancellor also pointed out the dangers that an infection also poses for younger people. “I don’t want to get Corona and I do a lot to prevent it.” But first the elderly should be vaccinated and those with special pre-existing illnesses and also people who come into close contact with infected people. “That is a sensible order that I want to stick to.” Merkel said that the more vaccine there is, the more flexibly one will have to deal with the prioritization.


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JetBlue eliminates carry-on luggage for base fare passengers

Economy class passengers traveling with JetBlue will not be able to carry carry-on luggage under the airline’s new rules.

According to the company’s digital portal, passengers who buy in basic fare, who are separated from February 25 for the month of July and onwards, will only be able to carry an accessory such as a wallet, laptop briefcase or a carrier of pets that fits under the seat.

The only exceptions that the airline will have for this new rule will be Mosaic members, which are those who acquire a number of points, active military and minors without the company of adults.

If you take a suitcase to the terminal, and you are not authorized to take it on the plane, the cost of up to two pieces of luggage will be $ 65, and $ 180 if there is a third.

The only passengers who can carry hand luggage will be those who buy their tickets known as Blue, Blue Plus, Blue Extra or Mint Fare.


Netherlands: In the province of Drenthe, cattle “work” in the heather

The Drenthe region

Fearlier they were considered backwoodsmen from Holland; today the inhabitants of Drenthe are envied for their cozy landscapes. The Aa is the last freely meandering river in the Netherlands to flow through the province bordering Lower Saxony, which will not change because the Drentsche Aa river basin has national park status.

Drenthe has no access to the North Sea, is crossed by swamps, forested and sparsely populated. For centuries the only livelihood was peat cutting.

After 1945 the province became the location of radio systems such as the Dwingeloo radio telescope (discovered two galaxies, Dwingeloo 1 and 2) and the Westerborke telescope – both systems are open to visitors. In 2010 the world’s largest telescope, LOFAR, went into operation near Buinen.

Source: WORLD infographic

Despite the technology, Drenthe is marketed as the most unspoilt of the twelve Dutch provinces. On the one hand, because of the numerous barrows and bog finds that deserve the prefix “Ur”; one piece of wood, for example, turned out to be a 10,000 year old boat (dugout canoe by Peese).

On the other hand, Drenthe has three nature parks. And cities? Assen, Zuidlaren, Coevorden should not be missing on any tour. Another must-see is Emmen, where Holland’s largest work of art is “De Stip” – a former gas tank painted by toyists, an artist group founded in Drenthe.

Conservationists ensured that the heather was preserved

It wasn’t always as idyllic as the photo above in the Dwingelderveld, that 3700 hectare nature park in the east of Drenthe. Around a thousand years ago there was only forest and bog here.

Today about two thirds of the park is forested. Where in the Middle Ages sheep grazed after clearing, heather, sundew, lung gentian spread, lakes formed, migratory birds brooded, including the rare wheatear.

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Eye of an Eagle Owl, close up

Around 1900 farmers started draining and reclaiming the land. The heather would have disappeared if nature conservationists had not bought 1200 hectares of land from the 1930s onwards – today they form Western Europe’s largest wet heath area.

It would take 10,000 sheep to keep the vegetation low; At the moment there are only 1000 Drenthe Heath sheep in the park, so cattle help graze. Tourists can use the 45 kilometer long paths by bike, horse or flat path and then spend the night in a rustic style – in a hut built from peat and grass sod on the edge of the park.

Cycling by numbers

Drenthe was the first Dutch province to introduce the Fietsrouten network across the board. With the system developed in 1995 in Flanders, Belgium, bikers can more easily navigate the 2100 kilometers of cycle paths.

Or you can follow the tips of the Drenthe tourist offices, which have put together 87 tours, including a number of pleasure trails, and ten mountain bike trails. Whereby these also fit into the Fietsrouten network: It is not laid out linearly like conventional bike routes, but works with junctions and numbered paths.

Network of cycle paths in Drenthe (Netherlands)

Source: WORLD infographic

The advantage: Touring cyclists can compose routes for their GPS device – and change them along the way if necessary. There are information boards at the intersections (5000 in total) with the respective neighboring route numbers. Learning place names by heart, that was once upon a time.

View from the forest to the starry sky

If you have a lot of wishes, you have to go to the Drents-Friese Wold, say the Dutch. The dense tree population makes the 6150 hectare national park south of Assen, the capital of the province of Drenthe, the officially darkest place on the Dutch mainland – which is why shooting stars are particularly easy to see there.

And not just them: visitors can see up to 2900 stars in the sky on a clear night, promises the park administration. For comparison: if you observe the night sky from a central European city, you can hardly see more than 50 stars.

Stars are easy to see in Drenthe (Netherlands)

Source: WORLD infographic

In any case, the chances that the Drents-Friese Wold will be declared a Dark Sky Park, like the Boschplaat on the island of Terschelling and the Lauwersmeer National Park in the Wadden area, are good.

The only archaeological reserve in the Netherlands

There are 52 prehistoric tombs in Drenthe. Many of the 5,000-year-old dolmens, made of stones weighing tons, are located in the Hondsrug, a ridge formerly surrounded by moors. It has been a Unesco Geopark since 2016, and the only archaeological reserve in the Netherlands, Strubben-Kniphorstbos, is located there.

The colonies became museum villages

For around 100 years, from 1818 to 1921, Drenthe was the scene of a social experiment for 80,000 people: As colonists, they were supposed to reclaim wasteland.

The benefactor organization Maatschappij van Weldadigheid made land available and helped new farmers, mostly poor families from the city, with the settlement. Schools, spinning mills, soup kitchens – the goal was the self-sufficiency of the colonies.

Drenthe (Netherlands): The illustration shows the former colony Frederiksoord

The illustration shows the former colony Frederiksoord

Those: Mascini Marketing

And the “moral education” of its residents through church attendance and abstinence. Not least because of this moral pressure, the idea failed. The colonies Frederiksoord, Wilhelminaoord and Veenhuizen are now museum villages.

The quote

“We ask you to have a little patience, but you will get your dream furniture in return”

“We ask you to be a little patient, in return you will get your dream furniture.” Germans who live in and around Meppen, Lingen (Ems) or Nordhorn should understand this slogan from a furniture store in Drenthe even without translation – provided that they speak Lower Saxon Platt.

Across the German-Dutch border, also in Drenthe, the dialect is Nederlands Nedersaksisch. In terms of linguistic history, it belongs to the Westphalian language, while Dutch is a Lower Franconian idiom.

Nederlands Nedersaksisch, upgraded to a regional language in 2018, is spoken by up to five million people in five border provinces. At the last local elections in Drenthe snackden Many politicians (spoke) consciously in Nedersaks.

Quirky, record-breaking, typical: You can find more parts of our regional geography series here.

This text is from WELT AM SONNTAG. We are happy to deliver them to your home on a regular basis.

Welt am Sonntag WAMS E-day January 31, 2021 packshot half page

Source: Welt am Sonntag


Climate Change in the Alps: The Glacier Rescuer Journey

“MortAlive” is the name of the project by glacier researcher Felix Keller. On Morteratsch, one of the most visited glaciers in Switzerland, he wants to show how you can prevent rapid melting with a new, extensive snow-making system. A test system has just gone into operation. Keller explains why this is not a spinning mill, how one could use it to secure the water supply in developing countries – and why he plays the violin on the glacier.

SZ: All glaciers in the Alps are melting. Why do you want to save Morteratsch in the Engadine of all places?

Felix Keller: If my goal was to preserve the glaciers, it would be a hopeless endeavor. My aim is to develop a process to preserve glaciers where they are of existential importance. For example, as a fresh water reservoir.

Does Switzerland have a water problem?

No, not yet. But in the Himalayas, 200 million people depend on the water that is stored in the glaciers. The Morteratsch is an ideal glacier to develop such a method. Because my colleague and friend Hans Oerlemans set up a measuring point there for the energy balance of the glacier back in 1994. Put simply, it has been documenting the melting of the glacier as a function of the weather and temperatures for 26 years. And this is where we can start with our project.

A measuring station on the Morteratsch glacier has been recording its energy balance, including its melting, since 1994. Every year he loses around 15 million tons of ice, which is a little over one percent.

(Photo: Mayk Wendt)

The Morteratsch is also one of the most visited because it is the best developed glacier.

Yes, it is easily accessible. That is why we have set up our glacier nature trail here, because we want to confront people with melting. It is really a great teaching glacier on climate change. And a nice tourist attraction.

How did the idea come about?

When I was out on the Diavolezzafirn with the director of the Diavolezza mountain railways, he showed me the fleece that has been used to cover the snow from snow farming there in summer for many years. He told me that as a result, the glacier below had grown ten to 15 meters thick. That inspired me. To cover a glacier with so much snow that it cannot completely melt in summer and the ice underneath is preserved. My boss at Academia Engiadina also challenged me. He said: You glaciologists only understand problems, not solutions. Save the Morteratsch!

Vision of a glacier rescue idea © Academia Engiadina.

The meltwater that accumulates in large quantities in summer is to be collected in a basin in order to “recycle” it again in the form of snow in winter and thus return it to the glacier.

(Photo: Academia Engiadina)

They want to preserve the huge glacier by making artificial snow. How does that work?

The idea behind this is that you catch the meltwater and use it to produce a thick blanket of snow. This protects the glacier from heat and sun. But since snow guns need a lot of electricity, something like this would not be a good idea from a climatological perspective. But then I found out about a Swiss company that had developed a snow-making system that works without electricity, only with water pressure. In the case of Morteratsch, we could use the glacier meltwater from the higher-lying Pers glacier to produce snow via pressure pipes.

And how can such a large mass of ice, which is also moving down to the valley, be covered with snow?

This is done with so-called snow ropes, which are aluminum pipes that are suspended from rock to rock on supporting ropes above the glacier and spray the water from nozzles at high pressure. We are currently testing this in a pilot test at the valley station of the Diavolezza cable car at 2000 meters. And it works. We received CHF 2.5 million from Swiss innovation funding for the project. We have calculated that we would have to cover around one square kilometer, i.e. ten percent of the glacier area, with at least ten meters of snow annually in order to delay its melting for decades. For this we would need seven to nine such snow ropes, which are up to one kilometer long.

The currentless snowmaking technology using snow ropes is being tested at the valley station of the Diavolezza cable car in the Engadine.

(Photo: Mayk Wendt)

Which part of the glacier should be irrigated?

It is an area that is between 2300 and 2500 meters. It doesn’t make sense further down, for example at the glacier tongue. It would be like trying to revive someone who is already lying in the cemetery. And further up it is snowing more anyway. Our area is relatively close to the equilibrium line, where the glacier melts as much within a year as it grows again. That is at 2900 meters, so it would be best. But up there we lack the flat terrain for making snow.

This winter we often had rain up to 2000 meters. Is it cold enough there to produce snow?

In the beginning we hoped that we would only have to make snow in spring to have snow for the hot summer. But we need ten to twelve meters of snow, and we can only manage that if we also make snow in winter, in spring the cold days are not enough for the 30,000 tons of snow required per day.

If it works, how much additional life would the glacier gain?

According to our model calculations, we could delay the melting by 30 to 50 years. That would be a breather for the people in Ladakh in the Himalayas, for example. By then, humanity must have reacted to the climate problem long ago, otherwise things will really get bad.

Critics say the 100 million Swiss francs that the project would cost would be better invested in further CO₂ savings.

Climate protection measures have absolute priority, I agree. But you also have to help the people who are directly affected by climate change. For example the population of Leh, the capital of Ladakh. Their water supply depends on a glacier that is only half a square kilometer in size.

Where is the mayor of Leh supposed to take 100 million francs from to make snow on his glacier?

This sum relates to the construction and operation of the plant in high-priced Switzerland. It would be a lot cheaper in Ladakh. I was in contact with the World Bank and there is also the Green Climate Fund. They could and would finance something like that. And for all of us, such a sum is also an eye-opener for what climate change will cost us.

Your project would be a huge encroachment on nature, like an oversized high-voltage system. Locals and tourists would not be pleased.

I also consider myself a conservationist. And I don’t want to gloss over it: it would be an ugly encroachment on the landscape, yes. But ropes can be dismantled relatively easily. You wouldn’t see the ropes from below, mainly only from the mountain or from the air. For me, the facility can be justified because it could help people who are not to blame for the climate problem but are suffering from it. But it may also be that with the tests we are now starting, we are so sure that the system is working that we don’t have to install it in Switzerland, but rather in Ladakh, where it is useful.

Ice stupa under construction: water trickles from above over the mesh and forms an ice pyramid that can store a lot of water.

(Photo: Mayk Wendt)

They also build ice stupas to store water. How does this work?

Yes, the Indian Sonam Wangchuk invented this sensational technique. He was also here in Pontresina and showed us how to do it. We have now developed the technology a little further. The principle: You let water trickle down over a kind of yurt or on ropes. It freezes and forms a large pyramid of ice that doesn’t melt anytime soon. If this is built at the right height, it can be used to store water that is needed to irrigate the fields in spring. Ice stupas are prettier than the pipes. But one snow rope can store as much water as 1000 ice stupas.

You also play the violin on the glacier, why?

For environmental action, motivation is most important. I am trying to send a small message in order to motivate people in a good mood as much as possible to drive climate protection forward with full throttle and fun.


Excursion tips in Germany: Out in the country – travel

Stroll on the Pfaueninsel

This island is located in a big city, it is quite small, and yet you have the feeling of being in a completely different world. It’s about the Pfaueninsel on the edge of Berlin, 67 hectares in size, located in the Havel. Even the way there is unusual. You rattle through the forest in a vintage bus operated by the Berlin transport company, and then you take a tiny ferry, which fortunately is also in operation in the Corona lockdown, to the island. And you find yourself on a patch of earth where princesses once walked under palm trees, there is a rose garden and aviary with animals, where you come across a hidden Greek temple and a white pleasure palace, but which looks like a ruin.

The Pfaueninsel was created at the end of the 18th century under King Friedrich Wilhelm II, who had a dairy farm and the castle built for his mistress in the ruin style that was very popular at the time and who settled trees and plants from all over the world. Under Queen Luise, those picturesque landscape parks were created that to this day ensure that you feel like you are in an old painting on Pfaueninsel. Especially in winter, when snow, trees covered in ice and the winter sun reinforce the impression of being in a different time, in a different nature. In general, nature is one of the main reasons to come here: you can see oaks that are hundreds of years old, several species of bats, and even white-tailed eagles have been spotted here. Even the animals that walk around here and give the island its name are special: some peacocks are white. Verena Mayer

Winter weather in the Taunus

The excursion destination Fuchstanz shortly before the summit of the Großer Feldberg in the Taunus: a wonderland for a while

(Photo: Frank Rumpenhorst / dpa)

Hiking in the Taunus

The trend is towards micro-adventures: hiking in the Taunus mountains instead of dog sledding through Alaska. Especially when the Große Feldberg is wearing a snow cap. It shines when the rain takes a break down in Frankfurt. And beckons: Come! Open up, friend!

You can then go up to the Hohemark by bike and slide over icy dirt roads from Steinbach. You can also comfortably go there by subway, with quite a few pairs of strollers and toboggan families, who then unite with the couples and families from the overcrowded parking lot and move uphill in a colorful procession. You have to look for solitude here.

But then it is there, quite unexpectedly. Once you did not follow the well-trodden path, but went to the left, up a steeper path – and all that remains is a trail, the trail of ski tourers and that of the deer in the snow. It trickles down the nape of the neck, glittering, and sweat steams from the jacket. And then you stop and can’t believe it: The Taunus, this boring all-world hill, is a winter wonderland.

If you like it sporty, you can go up to the tower-built Feldberg, the ugliest peak in Hesse. The others rested on the wooded plateau beforehand, if only for the sake of the name it bears: Fox dance! There is punch there, alcohol-free, as the pandemic regulation requires. The people from the large and comfortable hiking trail are unfortunately back again, happily united in the knowledge: It is a temporary wonderland. The day after tomorrow it thaws. It’s not Alaska. Matthias Drobinski

Beach grass on the Osrtsee coast, Niendorf / Baltic Sea, Timmendorfer Strand, Bay of Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

Winter on the Baltic Sea coast: Unlike in summer, Timmendorfer Strand is now without crowds

(Photo: All mauritius images / Pitopia)

Take a deep breath on the coast

The beaches and Corona, like almost everything during this pandemic, are of course tricky in principle. In the summer, when the sun seemed to drive away the epidemic, so many people drove to Germany’s shores than ever before because they didn’t want to go to Spain or Italy. It was getting tight in the north. During the partial lockdown in spring and now, the North Sea and Baltic Sea are partly or completely taboo for tourists – no hotel has been accepting them for almost three months until they are allowed to reopen at some point, maybe in March. And if the masses were to go hiking by the sea now, that would not be in the sense of the distance rule.

On the other hand: Fresh air is healthy and there is enough space on a suitable beach, and there are no beach chairs in the way. So, out to St. Peter-Ording in the west, where the sand is endless and the kite surfers dance on the waves. Or to Timmendorfer-Strand and Niendorf or Scharbeutz or Hohwacht or Heiligenhafen or Boltenhagen or Ahrenshoop or Rügen even further east. Or somewhere in between, where there is hardly anyone else. Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Schleswig-Holstein alone each have around 400 kilometers of beaches, and the entire coast is much longer. There should be enough space for distant walks in times of home office and homeschooling, very nice even in the cold, recently it even snowed in the north. Throw stones, look at the water and into a future with beach bars, sundowners and vaccinated viruses. Peter Burghardt

It goes past the moated castle Nordkirchen, the largest baroque residence in Westphalia

(Foto: mauritius images/Joachim Jocks)

Winter cycling in the Münsterland

For those who are tired of long walks, here is the recommendation of a cycling Westphalian: There are many routes in this state for leisurely bike tours. But cycling in winter? Yes, why not, for the die-hard with the right clothing and condition. And for everyone else from March, when the lockdown may come to an end. There are only four weeks left until then.

In those you can get yourself and your Leeze, as the bike is called here, to get a good ride. The Münsterland is the undisputed cycling paradise in Germany, and it is also rich in moated palaces and castles. Because the entire “100-Schlösser-Route”, as the most famous cycle path in the region is called, is too far to begin with at around 960 kilometers, there are many small partial tours that are easy to cope with even for those who are not trained. Also because the routes almost exclusively go over “flat land”, past meadows and forests and over small Pättkes through cozy villages. You don’t even need an expensive e-bike here, just muscle power and, for example, a Dutch bike.

At the beginning there could be a 60 kilometer round tour through the southern Münsterland, which also leads past the “Westphalian Versailles”: The moated castle Nordkirchen is the largest baroque residence in Westphalia with an impressive park and today the seat of the University of Finance. But Westerwinkel Castle and Vischering Castle don’t have to hide either. The outdoor facilities of the three buildings are also open in Corona times. At the moment, however, cyclists have to bring their own provisions. Jana Stegemann

Reader call

Borders are tight, quarantine is mandatory at the destination and at home, and the virus mutants are there before us – traveling is currently neither possible nor sensible for many reasons. Many people would actually be ripe for vacation in the lockdown stress. But how do the Bavarians, the eternal optimists, say? A little something is always possible. Therefore: Write to us here, how you feel at home like on vacation. Do you have breakfast in the hammock, buy the most exotic ingredient and only then look for a recipe for it, or do you stroll through areas of your city that you have never set out before? A selection of the best tips (shortened if necessary) will be published on