Pope Francis called for “dialogue and solidarity” in Cuba | He expressed his closeness to the Cuban people “in these difficult times.”

Pope Francis expressed his concern about the “difficult moments” that Cuba is experiencing as a result of the protests that broke out last Sunday and called for “dialogue and solidarity” in that country., after praying the Angelus from the window of the Apostolic Palace. Francisco, who left the hospital last Wednesday after spending ten days in hospital for a colon operation, briefly referred to the unprecedented demonstrations of sectors opposed to the government of Miguel Díaz Canel, motivated among other causes by the delicate economic situation and the effects of the coronavirus pandemic.

“I am close to the beloved Cuban people in these difficult times, especially close to the families who suffer the most.”Francisco said according to the official Spanish transcription of his message delivered in Italian. “I pray to the Lord to help him build in peace, dialogue and solidarity an increasingly just and fraternal society,” the pontiff added.

The reference to Cuba was received with applause by the faithful and pilgrims who listened attentively to his words from the Plaza de San Pedro, some of them with Cuban flags. The Pope invited the Cubans to entrust themselves to the patron saint of the island, Nuestra Señora de la Caridad del Cobre. “She will accompany you on this path,” he promised.

Francisco’s closeness to Cuba is not a novelty. The first Latin American pope in history visited the island in 2015, stage of a trip that also took him to the United States. By then met with Fidel Castro at his home in Havana, months before his death in 2016.

The Argentine pope follows the situation in Cuba and demonstrated this by discreetly mediating the historic rapprochement between the island and the United States in 2014, something that the leaders of that time thanked, both President Raúl Castro and his American counterpart Barack Obama.

The latter, in fact, confessed the “personal” involvement of Pope Francis in the process of negotiations between his country and Cuba to initiate a normalization of bilateral diplomatic relations, a process that cooled down again after the government of Republican Donald Trump.

The origin of the protests

On July 11, a massive demonstration took place in Cuba in the western municipality of San Antonio de los Baños, triggered by the economic crisis and the increase in coronavirus cases. As the hours passed, the mobilizations were replicated in other locations in the country.

The protests, unprecedented since the 1990s, during the crisis that occurred due to the fall of the Soviet Union, which was the main ally of the Cuban Executive, resulted in protesters clashes with police and government supporters. The latter were summoned by President Miguel Díaz Canel to defend the streets on suspicion of incitement to protest from outside the island.

Without a defined program or leadership, the protesters reiterate slogans of “freedom” and demand changes in the country, amid demands for a humanitarian intervention with the alleged purpose of facing the ravages of the pandemic.

Díaz Canel admits that there are reasons for social unrest, but he attributes them fundamentally to the economic, financial and commercial blockade that the United States has maintained against Cuba for more than six decades. This embargo is especially noticeable in the lack of supplies to combat the coronavirus.

The historic demonstrations provoked a first gesture from the Díaz Canel government: the authorization for Cubans to enter the country food, hygiene products and medicines, without limit of value and payment of fees, until the end of this year. On Saturday, the Cuban president denounced the spread of “lies” about the protests on the island during an act of “revolutionary reaffirmation” in the company of Raúl Castro and in front of tens of thousands of supporters.

.

Jair Bolsonaro received the medical discharge and this Monday he will return to his functions | He was hospitalized for a bowel obstruction

The president of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, received medical discharge this Sunday, after spending four days in the Vila Nova Star hospital in Sao Paulo, where he received treatment for a intestinal obstruction. The leader of the Brazilian extreme right left the hospital on foot and assured that this Monday he will return to his functions.

The president had been hospitalized in a Brasilia medical center this Wednesday, for a persistent hiccups that caused abdominal pain. That same day, he was transferred to the Nova Star in the capital of São Paulo, where the professionals who attended him came to consider the possibility of performing an emergency surgical intervention to treat the “intestinal subocclusion.”

Finally, they decided to bet on a “conservative treatment” that worked. This Sunday at 9.30 a.m., after evolving in a “satisfactory” way, Bolsonaro was discharged, according to the latest bulletin released by the private hospital. “He (Bolsonaro) will continue with outpatient accompaniment by the assistant medical team, “the report stressed, although it did not state whether the obstruction was fully repaired.

Gastroenterologist Antonio Macedo explained to journalists that the discharge was possible because the president’s digestive system is working regularly. However, He warned, it is important to “calmly resume your work routine.”

Bolsonaro left the hospital walking, accompanied by some allies, and assured the media that he will be “back to the presidency tomorrow (Monday).”

“I had to go on a diet, I did what was necessary. I wanted to leave from day one, but they wouldn’t let me. I hope that in about ten days I can already be eating a rib steak“added the president, who took advantage of the presence of journalists to once again criticize the Senate commission that is investigating the disastrous efforts that his government carried out to combat the coronavirus pandemic.

In this context, he once again defended his former Minister of Health, General Eduardo Pazuello, whose performance was questioned by the investigative committee. “Do you want to overthrow the government? I already said that only God gets me out of the presidential chair“, Bolsonaro launched, in reference to the elections to be held in Brazil in 2022, which are favored by former leftist president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.

In recent years, the far-rightist has been subjected to five operations, four of them as a result of the attack he suffered in 2018, when he received a stab in the abdomen while participating in an electoral rally in the town of Juiz de Fora, in the state from Minas Gerais (southeast of the country).

.

Cuba resists | A Latin American look

Few ignore my solidarity with the Cuban Revolution. For 40 years I have frequently visited the island for work commitments and invitations to events. For a long period, I mediated the resumption of dialogue between the Catholic bishops and the Cuban government, as described in my books. ‘Fidel and religion’ (Fontanar/Companhia das Letras) y ‘Paradise Lost – Trips to the Socialist World’ (Rocco).

I know in detail Cuban daily life, including the difficulties faced by the population, the challenges to the Revolution, the criticisms of the country’s intellectuals and artists. I visited prisons, I spoke with opponents of the Revolution, I lived with Cuban priests and laity opposed to socialism.

When they tell me, a Brazilian, that there is no democracy in Cuba, I descend from the abstraction of words to reality.

How many photos or news have been or are seen of Cubans in misery, beggars scattered on the sidewalks, children abandoned in the streets, families under the viaducts? Something similar to cracolandia (the land of crack), to the militias, to the long lines of patients who wait years to be treated in a hospital?

I warn friends: if you are rich in Brazil and you go to live in Cuba, you will know hell. You will not be able to change cars every year, buy designer clothes, travel frequently on vacation abroad.

And, above all, you will not be able to exploit the work of others, keep your employees in ignorance, be “proud” of María, your cook for 20 years, and who you deny access to her own home, to schooling. and the health plan.

If you are middle class, get ready to experience purgatory. Although Cuba is no longer a state company, the bureaucracy persists, you have to be patient in the queues of the markets, many products available this month may not be found next month due to the inconsistency of imports.

However, if you are salaried, poor, homeless or landless, get ready to meet paradise. The Revolution will guarantee your three fundamental human rights: food, health and education, as well as housing and work.

You may have a huge appetite for not eating what you like, but you will never go hungry. Your family will have schooling and health care, including complex surgeries, totally free, as a duty of the State and the right of the citizen.

There is nothing more prostituted than language. The famous democracy born in Greece has its merits, but it is good to remember that, at that time, Athens had 20 thousand inhabitants who lived off the work of 400 thousand slaves … What would one of those thousands of servants answer if asked why the virtues of democracy?

I do not wish for the future of Cuba the present of Brazil, Guatemala, Honduras or even Puerto Rico, an American colony that was denied independence. Nor do I want Cuba to invade the United States and occupy a coastal area of ​​California, such as Guantánamo, which has been transformed into a torture center and an illegal prison for suspected terrorists.

Democracy, in my concept, means the “Our Father” – the authority legitimized by the popular will – and the “Our Bread” – the distribution of the fruits of nature and human labor. The electoral rotation does not make, nor does it ensure a democracy. Brazil and India, considered democracies, are flagrant examples of misery, poverty, exclusion, oppression and suffering.

Only those who knew the reality of Cuba before 1959 know why Fidel had so much popular support to bring the Revolution to victory.

The country was known by the nickname “brothel of the Caribbean”. The mafia dominated banks and tourism (there are several movies about this). The main neighborhood of Havana, still called Vedado, has this name because blacks were not allowed to circulate there …

The United States was never satisfied with having lost Cuba subjected to its ambitions. Therefore, shortly after the victory of the guerrillas of the Sierra Maestra, they tried to invade the island with mercenary troops. They were defeated in April 1961. The following year, President Kennedy decreed the blockade of Cuba, which continues to this day.

Cuba is an island with few resources. It is forced to import more than 60 percent of the country’s essential products. With the tightening of the blockade promoted by Trump (243 new measures and, for now, not withdrawn by Biden), and the pandemic, which has zeroed out one of the main sources of resources in the country, tourism, the internal situation has worsened .

The Cubans had to tighten their belts. Then, the discontents with the Revolution, who gravitate in the orbit of the “American dream”, promoted the protests of Sunday, July 11 – with the “solidarity” help of the CIA, whose chief has just made a tour of the continent, concerned about the results of the elections in Peru and Chile.

The one who best explains the current situation in Cuba is its president, Díaz-Canel: “The financial, economic, commercial and energy persecution has begun. They (the White House) want an internal social outbreak to be provoked in Cuba to request ‘humanitarian missions “that lead to invasions and military interference. We have been honest, we have been transparent, we have been clear, and at all times we have explained to our people the complexities of today.

“I remember that more than a year and a half ago, when the second half of 2019 began, we had to explain that we were in a difficult situation. The United States began to intensify a series of restrictive measures, tightening of the blockade, financial persecution against the energy sector, With the aim of strangling our economy, this would provoke the desired massive social outbreak, in order to be able to call for a ´humanitarian´ intervention, which would end in military interventions.

“This situation continued, then came the 243 measures (by Trump, to tighten the blockade) that we all know, and finally it was decided to include Cuba in the list of countries that sponsor terrorism. All these restrictions led the country to immediately cut off various sources of foreign exchange income, such as tourism, Cuban-American travel to our country, and remittances. A plan was formed to discredit the Cuban medical brigades and the solidarity collaborations of Cuba, which received an important part of foreign exchange for this collaboration.

“All this situation has generated a situation of shortage in the country, mainly of food, medicine, raw materials and supplies to be able to develop our economic and productive processes that, at the same time, contribute to exports. Two important elements are eliminated: the ability to export and the ability to invest resources.

“We also have limitations in fuel and spare parts, and all this has caused a level of dissatisfaction, added to accumulated problems that we have been able to solve and that came from the Special Period (1990-1995, when the Soviet Union collapsed, with serious reflection in the Cuban economy). “

Along with a fierce smear media campaign, as part of the unconventional war, which tries to fracture the unity between the party, the State and the people; and it tries to classify the government as insufficient and incapable of providing well-being to the Cuban people. The example of the Cuban Revolution has bothered the United States greatly for 60 years. They applied an unjust, criminal and cruel blockade, now intensified in the pandemic. Blockade and restrictive actions that they have never carried out against any other country, not even against those they consider their main enemies.

Therefore, it has been a perverse policy against a small island that only aspires to defend its independence, its sovereignty and to build its society with self-determination, according to the principles that more than 86 percent of the population has supported.

In the midst of these conditions, the pandemic arises, a pandemic that has affected not only Cuba, but the entire world, including the United States. It affected rich countries, and it must be said that in the face of this pandemic, neither the United States nor these rich countries had all the capacity to face its effects.

The poor were harmed, because there are no public policies aimed at the people, and there are indicators in relation to the confrontation of the pandemic with worse results than those of Cuba in many cases.

Infection and mortality rates per million inhabitants are notably higher in the United States than in Cuba (the US has registered 1,724 deaths per million, while Cuba is at 47 deaths per million). While the United States entrenches itself in vaccine nationalism, the Henry Reeve Brigade of Cuban doctors continues its work among the poorest in the world (for which, of course, it deserves the Nobel Peace Prize). ‘

Without the possibility of successfully invading Cuba, the United States persists in a rigid blockade. After the fall of the USSR, which provided the island with ways to circumvent the blockade, the United States tried to increase its control over the Caribbean country.

Starting in 1992, the UN General Assembly voted overwhelmingly to end this blockade. The Cuban government reported that between April 2019 and March 2020, Cuba lost five billion dollars in potential trade due to the blockade; In the last nearly six decades, it lost the equivalent of $ 144 billion.

Now, the United States government has deepened sanctions against shipping companies that carry oil to the island.

It is this fragility that opens a flank to the manifestations of discontent, without the government having put tanks and troops in the streets. The resistance of the Cuban people, fueled by examples like Martí, Che Guevara and Fidel, has proven to be invincible. And we must, all of us who fight for a more just world, stand in solidarity with them.

* Brazilian Dominican friar, central figure of Liberation Theology. From Cubadebate.

.

New revelations about the assassination of Jovenel Moïse in Haiti | One of the detainees received money from the United States

The Colombian police revealed this Thursday that one of the detainees, the ex-agent of the Colombian army, Germán Rivera, received money from the United States to organize the trip of the people who entered the residence and they killed President Jovenel Moïse on the 7th of July. So far, the Haitian Police have arrested 23 people for the assassination, 18 of them Colombians and five Americans of Haitian origin, while another six have an arrest warrant.

“Within the analysis and the information received, there is an approximate amount of $ 50,000 that Germán Rivera received from the United States.”the director of the Colombian Police, General Jorge Luis Vargas placeholder image, who clarified that his office is still investigating the use of this money. Vargas added that the Haitian authorities “are asking him to identify three more people who would have been with the group of Colombians who participated in this homicide.”

Vargas also confirmed that Rivera, along with the former military officer Duberney Capador, killed by the police in Port-au-Prince “were the people who, according to the information being handled in Haiti, planned and organized the alleged arrest operation to reach the house. of the president”.

Meeting in Dominican Republic

In Haiti, the chief of police, Léon Charles, recently claimed that Moïse’s murder was engineered from the Dominican Republic. A photograph where the former senator is seen Joel John Joseph, one of the suspects currently a fugitive from justice, participating in a meeting in the border country. “They were meeting in a hotel in Santo Domingo. Around the table are the masterminds, a technical recruitment group and a fundraising group,” Charles told reporters.

“Some of the people in the photo have already been arrested. It is the case of the doctor Christian Emmanuel Sanon, James Solages. The latter had coordinated with the Venezuelan security company CTU Security, based in Miami, “added the head of the Haitian police. The image also shows Antonio Emmanuel Intriago Valera, owner of CTU, as well as the owner of the firm Worldwide Capital Lending Group, Walter Veintemilla, a company under investigation because it “would have raised funds to finance” the assassination, said Charles.

“There was a group of four (mercenaries) who were already in the country. The others entered on June 6. They passed through the Dominican Republic. We traced the credit card that was used to buy the tickets,” he said. “They are ex-soldiers of the special forces of Colombia. They are experts, criminals. This is a well-planned operation, “said the Haitian police chief.

The Colombian police identified 19 plane tickets that were purchased with a credit card linked to the CTU company, Vargas also confirmed that the owner of the firm, Intriago Valera, is of Venezuelan nationality.

Three new fugitives

In addition, the Haitian police identified three new suspects in the murder of Moïse, the three men are among the five fugitives identified by the Caribbean authorities. As reported by the American newspaper The Washington Post, one of them is John Joël Joseph, Haitian politician opposed to the party of Moïse. Last year Joseph had posted a video on YouTube in which he compared the president to the coronavirus. “Insecurity has infected all Haitians,” he said.

The second suspect is Joseph Feliz Badio, a former official of the Haitian Ministry of Justice what joined the anti-corruption unit in March 2013 and he was removed from his post in May of that same year for “serious breaches” of ethical standards. “This vile act is an affront to our democracy,” the unit said in a statement Tuesday. “The authors, co-authors and accomplices must be persecuted, investigated and punished with the utmost rigor.”

The third person named by the Haitian authorities is Rodolphe Jaar, a Haitian citizen who in 2013 he was indicted in federal court in South Florida for conspiring to bring cocaine into the United States from Colombia and Venezuela through Haiti. Jaar, known as Whiskey, pleaded guilty and was sentenced to nearly four years in prison, according to court records. According to the American morning paper, At the sentencing hearing in 2015, Jaar’s attorney told the court that his client had been a confidential source for the US government. for several years before being charged. In addition, Jaar agreed to cooperate with federal authorities.

Training in the USA

From the Pentagon they revealed information about the United States’ link with the command that committed the assassination in Haiti. “A review of our training databases indicates that a small number of the Colombian individuals detained as part of this investigation had participated in United States military training and education programs in the past, while serving as active members of the Military Forces. of Colombia, “said Lt. Col. Ken Hoffman, a Pentagon spokesman, in a statement to The Washington Post. Hoffman, however, did not confirm how many men received the training or what it consisted of.

.

Delta Variant: Israel Has Highest Level of Mortality in Six Months | The Ministry of Health reported 750 cases for the third consecutive day

Israel reported more than 750 new cases of coronavirus for the third consecutive day. In the middle of a regrowth caused by the Delta variant, and after the detection of the subvariant Delta Plus-, the country reached the highest levels of mortality in six months and an increase in severe cases.

The Israeli Health Ministry reported that in the last 24 hours there were 765 new infections, after the 756 reported on Wednesday and the 761 reported on Tuesday. According to the state body, Israel now has 5,300 active cases, the highest number since April 5..

The number of seriously ill patients was 54 and two new deaths were registered, bringing the death toll in Israel to 6,443 since the start of the pandemic.

Fourteen people died from coronavirus in the last week in Israel, after the country went two weeks without registering deaths.

Government reimposed sanitary measures, such as the mandatory use of the chinstrap in closed spaces, but they did not restrict the movement of the population or commercial activity.

Even so, Prime Minister Naftalí Bennett warned this Wednesday that Confinement may be necessary if current sanitary measures are not respected. “We can defeat the Delta variant without confinement if we are diligent and determined,” he told a news conference.

Bennett again asked the population to use the chinstrap – a measure that was imposed again last month in the face of the rise in infections -, to be vaccinated and to maintain social distancing.

“The easiest thing, as they (the authorities of the previous government) did repeatedly over the last year and a half, is to shut everything down. We may end up in that, but we are going to try something else. And it depends on all of us,” Bennett said .

Despite the regrowth, The Israeli cabinet decided on Tuesday to ease restrictions, shortening the quarantine period from 10 to 14 days to just 7, and rejected a proposal from the Ministry of Health to reimpose limits on social gatherings.

More than half of the 9 million Israelis are already fully vaccinated, and the vast majority of new cases are in non-immunized people.

.

Cuba opened the free importation of food and medicine by travelers | Announcements after the protests on the island

After days of protests, the Government of Cuba announced the free import of food, medicine and hygiene products by travelers Y a restructuring of state-owned companies. The announcement was made by Prime Minister Manuel Marrero in a context of pressure from the United States, a country that the Cuban authorities point to as the instigator and promoter of the mobilizations.

“A person can bring the amount of food, hygiene products and medicines they want”

The decision released by Marrero implies that a new tariff treatment is given to food, medicine and cleaning products that bring passengers in their private suitcases.

“This means that one person can bring the amount of food, hygiene products and medicines they want. The limit is not set by the country or Customs, but by the airline in which it travels ”, explained Marrero.

The measure will be of a provisional nature andIt will be in force from next Monday until December 31, date on which the results of the new policy will be evaluated. Until now, Cuba allowed the importation of up to 10 kilos of these products without charging tariffs.

Marrero clarified that those who want to make use of this benefit they must differentiate the products inside the suitcases and do not mix them with the rest of the luggage content.

The regulations established by the phytosanitary and veterinary authorities are maintained, for certain products that may involve risks of introducing diseases that affect the health of people, animals or plants, “said the prime minister in the Round Table program.

Marrero pointed out that due to blocking suffered by the island, there has been a significant lack of medications, especially antihypertensives, antibiotics, analgesics, anxiolytics, contraceptives, vitamins and products for stomatological use.

“And so many insist on trying to sell that matrix of opinion that there is no blockade in Cuba,” said the prime minister and assured that the purchase of supplies has been prioritized for cases of coronavirus. The measures adopted will minimize the impact. We still cannot say that there will be a stability in the supply of medicines, but we will continue to prioritize this issue. “

More reforms

On the other hand, the Executive also announced changes in the country’s wage policies, as part of a far-reaching transformation in the state business sector.

Also in a Round Table, the Minister of Economy, Alejandro Gil Fernández, revealed that “The salary scale in the socialist state enterprise will be gradually eliminated, increasing its autonomy and improving the income of its workers.”.

Gil Fernández said that this measure is not made “so that from the day the company enters the system, all workers earn more, since It will continue under the same principle that you earn more the more wealth you create, the more efficient you are and the more you contribute to the State, with a pattern of reasonableness and economic sense ”.

The campaign against the Revolution

During these last days, there was a drop in Internet services. The Minister of Foreign Relations, Bruno Rodríguez, said that “it is true that there is a lack of (mobile) data, but there is also a lack of medicines.”

The chancellor blamed the United States government for the protests this week, especially having carried out a campaign through Twitter under the hashtag #SOSCuba.

Rodríguez denounced that the hashtag #SOSCuba was launched since June in New York to try to obstruct the pronouncement of the United Nations General Assembly against Washington’s blockade of Cuba. For the first time in history, the Assembly voted en masse in favor of lifting the blockade and there were only two votes against: the United States and Israel.

The chancellor revealed that the users of the social network who most used the labels #CanalHumanitarioCuba, #SOSCuba and #SOSMatanzas are coordinated by ProActiva Miami, an organization that supports the Cuban opposition from that city in the United States. ProActiva Miami, added Rodríguez, received funding from the Florida Department of State last month.

Miami Mayor calls for military action against Cuba

Meanwhile, in the United States, the mayor of Miami, Francis Suárez, a Republican lawyer and son of Xavier Suarez, the first mayor of Miami born in Cuba, has encouraged protests and assured that he will ask President Biden to carry out air strikes on the island. .

“What should be contemplated now is a coalition of potential military action in Cuba.”Suárez pointed out.

White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said there is a “comprehensive review” of policy toward the Caribbean country underway by the Biden administration.

The protests “have largely stopped due to the violent repression and retaliatory measures of the regime against Cubans in the exercise of their fundamental and universal rights,” said the spokeswoman, calling the situation “unacceptable.” “We will see how things unfold in the next few days, “concluded Psaki.

.

Anti-LGBT + laws: the European Union initiated legal action against Poland and Hungary | Countries have two months to respond

The European Union (EU) announced this Thursday that it will open legal action against Hungary and Poland for adopting measures that violate the fundamental rights of the LGBTIQ + community and it gave those countries two months to respond before taking the cases to the EU Court of Justice.

“Equality and respect for dignity and human rights are fundamental values ​​of the European Union. The Commission will use all the instruments at its disposal to defend these values,” said the European Commission (EC), the bloc’s Executive, in a statement. .

In the case of Hungary, the EC questions the recent adoption of a law that prohibits or limits access to content that promotes “divergence of identity in relation to the sex of birth”.

The EC noted that the protection of minors is a legitimate public interest, but noted that Hungary “has not explained why exposure to LGBTIQ + content can be harmful to their happiness.”

And in the case of Poland, the EC decided to act before the Government inaction against so-called LGBTIQ + “ideology-free zones”. Those “zones”, implemented in 2019 by municipalities and regions of Poland, can be considered a “violation of European legislation on non-discrimination based on sexual orientation,” the EC said.

According to the Commission, Poland also ignored several requests to provide details of the legal basis for these areas, thereby violating its commitment to “sincere cooperation” with the European institutions.

Hungary along with Poland repeatedly challenged the European bloc on issues such as migration, corruption and the rule of law.

Last year, the two countries delayed the approval of the EU budget and the Covid-19 economic recovery package above provisions that would allow withholding of payments to countries that do not respect democratic standards.

.

How sick do you get from the delta variant if you are vaccinated? – Wel.nl

Now that the delta variant is rapidly spreading, you may start to fear that you will still get sick despite your vaccination. But that chance is very small, explains immunologist Marjolein van Egmond at Op1.

“In principle, the vaccines are very good,” says the immunologist. The protection is between 60 and 95 percent. “That is to ensure that you do not get sick at all. All vaccines offer around 85 to 90 percent protection against serious illness or hospitalization.”

Nevertheless, the number of hospital admissions rose in England and that increase is also expected here. “It’s not that nobody comes to the hospital who is vaccinated at all, but in general it’s really the unvaccinated people.”

Ultimately, hundreds of corona patients can end up on the IC. “That is also the reason that nightlife has been reversed at lightning speed. With these types of infection numbers, it will trickle down to older groups.”

Bron (nen): Metro
.

Cuba: again in the eye of the hurricane | One dead between protesters clashes with defenders of the Revolution

Nothing in Cuba can be explained today without the intensification of the blockade to which it is subjected by the United States. This unilateral measure, defeated in 29 successive votes in the United Nations, which spans two centuries and is close to six decades, reveals the context that today is breathed in its streets. One dead (Diubis Laurencio Tejeda, 36), an imprecise number of detainees depending on who is counting it, injured among protesters and also among defenders of the Revolution, marches and countermarches, occurred mainly in Havana and in other parts of the country . The government in the voice of its chancellor Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla He denied that “a social outbreak had started on Sunday the 11th.” But opponents on the island and abroad believe they are on the threshold of a Counterrevolution. The world suddenly stopped looking at what is happening in other countries to position itself on the Cuban reality. With all that that implies: the media power plants in operation that call for the “fall of the regime” and the bet to produce meaning in social networks as if it were a Caribbean “spring”.

De Trump a Biden

While Joe Biden denounced on Tuesday the 13th a campaign by the Republican Party to restrict the vote of Hispanic and African-American minorities in the United States, the State Department spokesperson, Ned Price, asked that Cuba “release any detainee for peacefully protesting.” The president of the main world power admitted restrictions on civil rights in his own country, but Cuba never ceases to be a monothem of US foreign policy. In the real and virtual world, the interference of the White House did not change almost anything when compared to the Democratic administration with the government of Donald Trump. The mogul’s bombastic and confrontational style is hardly lacking.

But this time it was as if Cuba’s detractors had waited for the precise moment to proclaim a change of era. Perhaps because they believed that the situation of urgency experienced by the Cuban people had matured. That which always seemed the blocking strategy. The greater the suffocation, the more chances of interference. In the midst of the usual hostilities that the island endures, they also thought that the majority support for the Revolution had waned. And they took to the streets, at the cost that – with certain informative inaccuracies – is already known: the murder of the young Tejeda in the Havana neighborhood of La Güinera, plus a number of wounded and detained without official confirmation.

By the way, still too far from the scenario we saw in Chile, Bolivia and Colombia not long ago. But in the middle of the pandemic that increased the statistics of infections and deaths on the island and without key inputs such as respirators. Not even so, the prestigious Cuban medicine could stop a third wave due to the Delta strain.

SOS Cuba

It is difficult to find informative equanimity when it comes to Cuba. There are the international agencies that never mention the policy of meddling in the internal affairs of the island. A look that focuses on the dominant media in the United States, Europe and Latin America. Right-wing politicians enjoy this platform of doctrine. Since Mauricio Macri – yesterday he got involved again with a tweet: “#SOSCuba, we are with you” – a Isabel Diaz Ayuso, the president of the Community of Madrid and referent of the PP who also spoke out against Cuba.

But the voices of support for the Cuban government and people do not appear in those media. With fewer resources, the official media Granma Y Latin Press cited the support received: from the Chinese Foreign Minister, Zhao Lijian, Russian Vice Foreign Minister Sergei Riabkov and the voices of Latin American presidents or leaders. Alberto Fernández, Andrés López Obrador, Nicolás Maduro, Lula and Evo Morales, were the most expressive in their criticism of the blockade formally imposed since February 7, 1962, when it was declared John F. Kennedy. The former Brazilian president commented: “Biden should take advantage of this moment to go on television and announce that he will adopt the recommendation of the countries at the UN to end this blockade.” The United States seems very far from approaching that position of reparation for Cuba, which has already lost 147,853 million dollars.

The invisibility of these data would be as if the death of a single Cuban was hidden. That of Tejeda or any other ordinary citizen in a Havana suburb, such as those who were lost at sea due to the aggressive US policy to encourage the rafters and those of the athletes who were traveling on the Cubana plane when it flew up in the air in a bomb attack planned by the anti-Castro Luis Posada Carriles placeholder image. Next October 6 will mark 45 years of that attack. Its ideologue died free in Miami, the city from which the tweeting conspiracy that sparked the uprising denied by Foreign Minister Rodríguez Parrilla began.

Cuban church

The death and the arrests that the government admitted, and that are seen in several videos, also motivated a pronouncement by the Cuban church. This, according to AFP, said that the government “has tried to take measures to alleviate the aforementioned difficulties”, but “defended that the people have the right to express their needs, desires and hopes.” A sector of the church in the United States also spoke out. The Archbishop of Philadelphia, Nelson Perez, and three other Cuban-American bishops signed a document that says: “As Cubans and as bishops of the Catholic Church in the United States, we are always aware of the constant suffering and frustration of our brothers and sisters on the island.”

Among those injured by the incidents there are also victims among those who defend the Revolution. The teacher Reinaldo Rosado Roselló, from the University of Informatics Sciences (UCI), received a couple of stones to the head that almost made him lose an eye. Your photos were posted on the site Cubadebate. His statements also: “I never thought that in Cuba we were going to reach what was lived. Many colleagues received blows to the feet, the ribs, the face … A teacher from the UCI had her head split and they had to give her four stitches ”.

[email protected]

.

France: record of registered to be vaccinated after Macron’s announcements | He had a mandatory “health pass” to go to restaurants, bars, theaters and cinemas

From Paris

The day after the French president’s television address, during which, among various measures, Emmanuel Macron appealed to society to be vaccinated, one million three hundred thousand people requested an appointment to be vaccinated. This unprecedented stream of vaccination candidates is clear from the pressure exerted by the head of state to convince the reluctant and, at the same time, curb a new wave of covid-19. The pandemic has progressed in recent weeks across the country driven by the Delta variant of the virus, already the majority in almost all regions of France. Macron ordered, in two phases (July 21 and early August), the generalization of the “health pass” to enter public places (bars, restaurants, cinemas, theaters, shopping centers, airplane trains) as well as the obligation to be vaccinated for hospital personnel and for those who are in contact with fragile people. The health pass consists of either a vaccination certificate or a negative PCR test.

Health pass

The new device is not easy to apply. As you express it to PageI12 the owner of a restaurant in the 13th arrondissement (Butte-aux-Cailles) “This idea of ​​Macron is going to make us police or sanitary controllers. It is exaggerated ”. The cultural sector also feels, once again, mistreated by the fixed calendar: cinemas, theaters and other cultural spaces will require a health pass from July 21, while the same measure was postponed until August for bars, shopping centers and long distance transport. Currently, there are 957 people infected with the virus who are in resuscitation services. The figure is well below the peak of 6,000 patients reached with the third wave in late April. The number of daily infections amounts to 4,200 and its curve shows a constant rise. According to the French Minister of Health, Olivier Véran, “if we do not act now the figure could rise above 20 thousand at the beginning of August”.

The presidential speech on Monday, July 12 marks a change in the strategy of the head of state. On November 24, 2020, when he announced the arrival of the first vaccines, Macron said: “I want to be clear: I will not make the vaccine mandatory.” In the following months he repeated the same message. In December, on Twitter, he wrote: “the vaccine will not be mandatory. Let us trust our researchers and doctors. We are the country of Lights and Pasteur. Reason and science must guide us ”. However, as happened in April 2021 when he resigned himself to confining France again, the looming shadow of a fourth wave of the virus led him to change his mind. The obligation, for the moment, only concerns the hospital staff, but in case of acceleration of the Emmanuel pandemic Macron clarified: “depending on the evolution of the situation we must, without a doubt, ask ourselves the question of compulsory vaccination for all French people”. The General Directorate of Health indicated that 40% of the population, which is equivalent to 27.3 million people, had received two doses of the vaccine. A newspaper poll Le Figaro and the France Info radio also reveals that 58% of the French are in favor of the vaccine being an obligation. In the middle are the categories of those who still have doubts and those who categorically refuse to be vaccinated.

The vaccine reluctant

Since the beginning of June, with the gradual end of the curfew and territorial confinements, the vaccination campaign has been losing vigor. A study carried out by two sociologists and published on the MedRxiv portal showed a kind of portrait of the social classes most hostile to the vaccine. According to this sociological work (85 thousand people consulted) the profile of subjects reluctant to vaccines corresponds mainly to the most modest social classes, young people and women. In that segment is the 20% who “doubt” about the vaccine. Then come the most radical, known as the “Antivax”, who represent between 2% and 5% of the population and even have renowned spokesmen such as the Nobel Prize in Medicine Luc Montagnier (discovery of the AIDS virus) or a geneticist, former member of INSERN (National Institute of Health and Medical Research), Alexandra Henrion Caude. Dr. Henrion Caude is the scientific guarantee par excellence of the so-called “covid-skeptics” and the strongest opponent of messenger RNA vaccines (Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna). According to her, these vaccines “are going to modify us genetically.”

The evolution of the positions before the vaccine has been constant. In 2020, anti-vaccines were the trending topic on social media. They monopolized the debates and exerted a strong influence. Between April and June 2021, the anti galaxy began to lose its ascendancy, the pronouncements in favor of the vaccine became more solid and the anti-vaccines became less audible. This exhibition follows from the research carried out by Bloom. It is a Social Media Intelligence (SMI) platform that is dedicated to quantitative, predictive and strategic analysis of social networks.

The avalanche, in less than 24 hours, of more than a million people who signed up to be vaccinated installs another perspective. The question that circulates today consists of asking if it was Macron who convinced society with his speech or if another variable intervened. This morning, in Paris, many doubting French people confessed that more than fear of the virus, what motivated them to get vaccinated was a deeper dread. Thomas, a 40-year-old man, confesses to this newspaper: “You know, I’m not forgetting that. The months of confinement, everything closed, my family far away, my invisible friends and loneliness. The virus does not scare me, but losing the freedom to live again does. So, look, what can I tell you, the thing that they call Delta threatens us again. So now, I prefer the vaccine and freedom rather than not having either one. “

[email protected]

.