The salary of young graduates is, on average, 42% higher than that of young people with only secondary education, revealed the José Neves Foundation in “Guide for young people and parents: how to choose what to study?”.
According to the data, for 2018 and for young people between 25 and 34 years old, those who complete higher education are more likely to be employed and have higher salaries.
“This indicator is not exclusive to graduates. Also those who have completed post-secondary courses, or Higher Professional Technical courses, have higher salary gains of about 10% compared to secondary education”, refers to the statement sent to our newsroom.
According to the guide, “The areas of higher education with the highest average salaries are Business Sciences; Engineering and related techniques; Informatics; Mathematics and Statistics and Health”.
“There is less risk of unemployment in the first years after training in the areas of Life Sciences; Engineering and related techniques; Informatics; Mathematics and Statistics and Health. In another context, there is less risk of working in professions that require lower qualifications in the areas of Architecture and Construction; Veterinary Sciences; Engineering and related techniques; Informatics and Health”, but not three notes.
According to the guide, social inequalities have a very relevant weight in the educational path, with a “relationship between the socioeconomic profile (in particular the education of parents and household income) and the probability of school success” demonstrated by numerous studies. “And everyone finds that the more disadvantaged the family context, the greater the risk of school failure”, says the communiqué, which indicates that, among the OECD countries, Portugal appears as one of those in which this socioeconomic profile most affects expectations and educational choices of students.
The most favored young people have a higher expectation of completing higher education than disadvantaged young people and Portugal is one of the OECD countries where this difference is greater. A difference of 43 percentage points, which is above the average of the OECD (35%) and other European countries such as Spain (26%) or France (20%).
The guide states that “presential attendance at educational institutions has a strong influence and is considered by many (especially the younger ones) as the main source of information” on the choice of higher education courses.
The document also leaves six recommendations for young people to help in choosing the course to follow: do not let uncertainty be a blocking force; analyze various factors and not narrow down the decision; obtain information and review expectations; use official and reliable information; avoid shortcuts; don’t hesitate to ask for help. For parents, the recommendations are complementary: be always available; get informed; mobilize networks of contacts; enhance visits to institutions or fairs about educational offers; trust and empower their children.