In Algeria, the absence of Tebboune or the taboo of the vacancy

The invisible Man. Since his evacuation to Germany on October 28, no image has been shown of the President of the Algerian Republic. Thirty-five days of mysterious hospitalization of Abdelmadjid Tebboune abroad, due to contamination with Covid-19, were enough to ignite the country’s social networks. For the phantom presidency of Bouteflika, victim of a stroke in 2013, it had taken six years. History seems to be repeating itself today, to the dismay of Algerians who are facing both a health and economic crisis, as well as the warming of the conflict between Western Sahara and neighboring Morocco.

On the Internet, the tone is rather sarcastic. As illustrated by the replacement of the portrait of Tebboune, on Facebook profiles, by photos of ordinary citizens in the official framework. “I wait until tomorrow, if Tebboune has not returned, I proclaim myself President of the Republic. It’s not my fault, I found the frame empty and I occupied it ”, s’a

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Rania Hamdi correspondence in Algiers


UN: “The dark moment we are living threatens the world with a great reversal”

Next year, according to the UN, 235 million people will need humanitarian aid. A figure up 40% in one year, mainly due to the socio-economic consequences of Covid-19. To come to the aid of 160 million of them, the UN is launching an appeal on Tuesday for 35 billion dollars (approximately 29.3 billion euros). For the Briton Mark Lowcock, United Nations Deputy Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs, the international community, rich countries in the lead, must respond. Otherwise, 2021 could mark, after decades of progress, a dramatic setback in terms of food, the fight against poverty, access to health or education.

To what extent has the Covid-19 pandemic worsened the humanitarian situation across the world?

Over the past decade, the two major causes of humanitarian problems have worsened. Climate change on the one hand, with extreme phenomena – storms, droughts

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Frédéric Autran


In Vietnam, Facebook and YouTube complicit in the repression

Dozens of testimonials and evidence coupled with information provided by Facebook, YouTube and Google, lead to the same observation: for several months in Vietnam, a growing censorship of content has been raging, orchestrated together by the Internet giants and the government. .

This is what emerges from the report released on Tuesday by Amnesty International. The 78-page document, titled “Let us Breathe !: Censorship and criminalization of online expression in Viet Nam”, also reveals that of the 170 prisoners of conscience held in Vietnam, 69 are being held solely for their activities on the networks. social (40%). A record number, which reflects a sharp increase in the crackdown in Hanoi compared to Amnesty International’s previous assessment, which dates back to 2018.

“Over the past decade, the right to free speech has flourished on Facebook and YouTube in Vietnam. But recently, authorities have started to view the peaceful expression of opinions online as a very serious threat to the regime, worries Ming Yu Hah, Amnesty International’s deputy regional director for campaigning. These platforms have now become the hunting ground for censors, military cyberunits and state-backed trolls. And these platforms themselves do not just let it go: they are more and more complicit in these practices. ”

A noticeable increase from April 2020

According to the report, this repressive turn began a few months ago, in April 2020. At least for Facebook, YouTube has always been well regarded by Vietnamese censors. Facebook then announced that it had agreed to“Significantly increase” respect for the Vietnamese government’s demands to censor publications “Hostile to the state”. Why ? The social network justified itself by claiming that the Vietnamese authorities were deliberately slowing down traffic to this platform as a warning to it.

The complacency of these digital mastodons is undoubtedly motivated by the importance that the Vietnamese market represents for them. In 2018, Facebook’s revenue in Vietnam approached $ 1 billion. That’s almost a third of what the company achieves in Southeast Asia. Google, owner of YouTube, meanwhile raked in $ 475 million in revenue in Vietnam during the same period.

According to Facebook’s latest transparency report, published in October, the platform restricted access to 834 content reported by local authorities between January and June 2020 (compared to 198 in 2019). According to a recent statement by the Minister of Information, Nguyen Manh Hung last October, compliance with the instructions for the withdrawal “Bad information, propaganda against the party and against the state” would be higher than ever (between 90% and 95% of censorship requests respected).

Read also : Against its citizens, Vietnam weaves its web

In the light of the numerous testimonies of activists, human rights defenders, former prisoners and prisoners of conscience, lawyers, journalists and writers, it is understandable that the content is often censored as “abuse of democratic freedoms”, a planned offense by the country’s penal code. Facebook then proceeds to “geo-block” the content: anyone who uses the platform in Vietnam can no longer see them.

As an example, Nguyen Van Trang, a democracy activist who is now seeking asylum in Thailand, assures us that in May 2020, Facebook warned him that one of his posts had been moderated due to “Local legal restrictions”. Since then, all of its content containing the names of senior Communist Party officials has been systematically blocked.

“I don’t trust Facebook anymore, so I don’t publish much anymore, explains the person concerned. Imagine: it takes years and years to grow your Facebook account, posting and writing about your passion for democracy, and all of a sudden, with one easy gesture, Facebook erases all the work you’ve been doing since years.”

Psychological warfare and physical violence

In 2020, 21 of the 27 people jailed in 2020 for opinion crimes were prosecuted for their peaceful activities online, the report explains. Among the alleged offenses: the fact of having peacefully criticized on Facebook the measures taken by the authorities to deal with the Covid 19 pandemic, or the online dissemination of independent information on human rights.

Amnesty International’s investigation also compiles several dozen cases in which human rights defenders have been harassed, intimidated and even threatened with death. These repressive campaigns are carried out in particular by nebulas supported by the Vietnamese state, such as “Du Luan Vien” (the “opinion makers”). These are people recruited by the Vietnamese Communist Party’s Propaganda Ministry, which leads them and makes them take part in an online psychological warfare.

Sometimes the retaliation is even physical. The document lists multiple cases of bloggers and social media users attacked by police or people in plain clothes because of their posts. The latter act with the consent of the public authorities. They are hardly held to account for these acts.

Romain Métairie


Prevent HIV by one injection

It’s a ritual. For thirty-three years, the 1is December is World AIDS Day. But this year, one pandemic is chasing another. To the point that UNAIDS was worried last week, not without reason, that “Covid-19 does not worsen the delay in the response to AIDS”, and “Urgently calls on countries to learn the lessons of inadequate health funding and take global action to end AIDS and other pandemics.” These days, however, there is movement on the AIDS front in terms of treatment and prevention. A sum of small steps which, in the end, revolutionize practices.

Let’s resume. At the end of the 80s, during the first world AIDS days, treatments were stammering. They were terribly restrictive – for AZT, it was taken every four hours, not to mention the risk of serious side effects. The improvements were therefore very limited for the patient. With the arrival of triple therapy in 1996, a giant leap was taken: admittedly, patients were obliged to take dozens of pills daily, but it worked remarkably well. Gradually, the treatment has been simplified and there are now very effective triple therapies requiring only one pill per day.

Almost a vaccine. And now, in the last few months, another antiretroviral has arrived, which is taken by injection once a month, or even every two months. It changes the lives of patients. No more daily catches. Better yet, in recent weeks, studies have shown that it can also work very well in prevention. Almost a vaccine, in short …

For nearly five years now, “Prep” (pre-exposure prophylaxis) has developed, a pill to be taken either every day or twenty-four hours before taking a risk and during the following two days. This gives excellent results, especially for same-sex relationships, with a prevention rate close to 100% if the person follows the protocol well.

There was still some uncertainty about the effectiveness for the woman. However, a study published in November revealed that cabotegravir – an antiretroviral to be injected every two months – almost completely prevents HIV infections in women. “These results are extremely important, reacted Winnie Byanyima, executive director of UNAIDS. We have long called for additional acceptable and effective HIV prevention options for women and this antiretroviral could be a real game-changer. ” Even adding: “If donors and countries invest in democratizing access to an injectable Prep for women at high risk of HIV infection, then this would significantly reduce new infections.”

High efficiency. This trial, conducted in Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, Eswatini (formerly Swaziland), Uganda and Zimbabwe, was conducted among 3,200 women aged 18 to 45 at high risk of HIV infection. It was stopped prematurely because the results clearly indicated the great effectiveness of the injectable drug, including in comparison with a daily intake of one tablet. “The risk of HIV infection was nine times lower with an injection of cabotegravir than with the daily intake of Prep”, concluded the test. Impressive results. “Like a vaccine against Covid-19, we must now work so that these vital injections are accessible, affordable and distributed equitably to all those who have opted for them”, repeated UNAIDS.

Used as treatments (and no longer to prevent), antivirals by injection are also showing great promise. The info site Aidsmap has thus produced a synthesis (which can be found in French on Seronet) of the data on injectable treatment which were presented during the recent virtual conference IDweek (an annual conference on HIV treatments) . These studies highlight “The efficacy of the prolonged-release injectable combination of a combination of two molecules, cabotegravir and rilpivirine”. In the so-called Latte-1 study, after one year, 98% of people on injectable treatment had maintained an undetectable viral load. Studies also show that the injectable treatment is well tolerated. “A majority of participants said they prefer injectable treatment to oral treatment”, souligne Aidsmap.

There remains the last phase: the marketing authorization for this therapy which must now be approved by the European Medicines Agency. Each State then decides on the conditions of access, the price and the level of reimbursement.

Eric Favereau


“It’s not good to change, you have to sell it as is” (video)

They are not experts for nothing. This Friday, in “Affaire Conclue”, the buyers of the show had to reframe Marion, a retiree who came to sell a cup from the famous Nancy crystal factory Daum. If the saleswoman praised the family history of the object and its sumptuous decor, she “forgot” to mention a detail. “There was a small accident, unfortunately, on one of the feet,” said Caroline Pons, a collector of the show from France.

“Yes … well I don’t know but hey … I was watching, maybe by filing a little it can get better”, tried to defend Marion. Pain lost in the face of the buyer. “A little piece is missing,” she insisted, pointing the damage in front of her comrades. “It’s less boring, of course, when it’s on a piece of outside foot than on the cup itself where there is the decor. But it’s embarrassing. It must be said. “

Damage also noted by Julien Cohen. ” Oh yeah ! It’s not nothing! “. “Well no, it’s not nothing, Julien. It’s not nothing. It’s not nothing at all, ”insisted Caroline Pons.

And the filing solution, proposed by Marion, also did not like. “It’s not good to change, you have to sell it as is. “

Despite everything, Caroline Pons still paid 920 euros to afford the cup. “We are always very vigilant when we buy this kind of part. Because we ourselves, when we have to sell them afterwards, our collector clients are very careful about the state of this kind of coins, she explained. And if it’s damaged, it’s better to always know it and say it, rather than evade it. “


Usumacinta River reaches historic level in Tabasco

The Usumacinta, considered the largest river in the country, broke the record of the last 12 years. Photo: Cuartoscuro


Tabasco authorities maintain the alert against rains and floods after in the last 12 hours the level of the Usumacinta river in the municipality of Balancán, registered a historical increase of seven centimeters.

It may interest you: Puppy rescue moved by elements of the Semar in Tabasco

The National Water Commission (Conagua), reported that during the first hours of this Thursday the river tributary already registers 21. 94 meters deep, according to data from the Boca del Cerro Station.

Thus, the Usumacinta, considered the largest river in the country, broke the record of the last 12 years.

Records of the With water indicate that the extraordinary maximum level it had reached was in 2008 with 21.57 meters, last Sunday the 22nd surpassed this mark, reaching 21. 62 meters and this day it reached 21.94 meters.

The agency warned that the river is expected to reach the peak of its avenue and then it will be known what was its maximum reached after the historical one of 2008.

Meanwhile, the Municipal Civil Protection Committee the maximum alert is maintained and the families who “live in low-lying areas and the riverbanks continue to be warned and make use of temporary shelters.”

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Thanksgiving Day 2020: meaning and why is Thanksgiving Day celebrated in America

In the United States, Thanksgiving Day or Thanksgiving Day is a more than special celebration steeped in traditions and customs.

The meaning of this festival that is celebrated on Fourth Thursday of November -the day before Black Friday- is the gratitude for the crops and its origin dates back to the arrival in the United States of the first settlers from England.

The beginning of this deep-rooted celebration is related to the arrival in the United States of the Mayflower, a ship with more than 100 English settlers, in 1620.

This group of settlers escaping from the gallows, says the website About History, had strong religious convictions, although they were opposed to the beliefs of the Anglican church.

The recognition of the good lived, the meaning of the Thanksgiving dinner. Photo: Shutterstock.

They settled in the current State of Massachussets and in their first winter they went hungry and there were a lot of deaths in the community.

Already the following spring, the Wampanoag tribe offered their help and taught them how to sow corn, a plant that until then they did not know, to hunt and fish.

In the fall that followed, they had a bountiful harvest and made a great feast of celebration. This event is known as The America’s First Thanksgiving.

In this first party, according to the story of About history, the settlers invited the chieftain and 90 Wampanoag natives. They brought deer meat to be roasted and turkeys, while the colonists cooked blueberries and prepared the different kinds of grain on dishes unknown to the natives.

With the declaration of Independence, the celebration was established.

Then in 1863, at the end of a long and bloody civil war, Abraham Lincoln He suggested that all Americans celebrate the last Thursday of November as a day of appreciation.

At Thanksgiving dinner, pavita is often served with cranberry sauce.

At Thanksgiving dinner, pavita is often served with cranberry sauce.

On the other hand, for native peoples the date is considered the National Day of Mourning for Native American Indians.

This is not the only celebration related to abundance. Other previous cultures and civilizations already had their thanksgiving celebrations to their corresponding divinities for the blessing of an abundant harvest.

How to celebrate Thanksgiving

Being considered an ecumenical festival, it is followed by people of different faiths or without a religious conviction. The intention is to share blessings and good wishes with those closest to you.

One of the ingrained customs is to hold the meeting at the home of the oldest relative. At a certain point in the meeting, each one gives thanks for the good things obtained that year.

Thanksgiving is usually celebrated at the home of the oldest relative Photo: Shutterstock.

Thanksgiving is usually celebrated at the home of the oldest relative Photo: Shutterstock.

In honor of those first settlers and natives, the traditional menu includes typical products of that region, such as turkey, corn, squash and cranberry sauce.

Pumpkin pie, carrot cake, and vegetable cream are also commonly served.

Another tradition is that the boys prepare a centerpiece, with natural and typical elements of the field – such as scarecrows or pumpkins.

The meeting also usually revolves around the classic soccer game of the date. In addition, large stores usually hold parades with floats and children’s characters. Macy’s has been the most anticipated since 1927.

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“Metropolis”, Philip Kerr, Maestri after death

 A posthumous book is always special, a reading that we begin differently, with death between us and the author and the awareness of the non-renewable legacy. Philip Kerr, British figure of the noir novel (but who also worked in children’s literature) died in the spring of 2018, at the age of 62. He finished Metropolis, his last publication, while already suffering from cancer.

Kerr closes there the cycle which made his fame, around Bernie Gunther, German investigator whom he has already directed thirteen times, in a very precise historical context (but not necessarily evoked in a chronological order): from the end of the 1920s at the end of the 1950s. The backdrop is therefore clear: Nazism, its genesis, its rise to power, its reign, its debacle, its upheavals. The epicenter is Berlin.

Kerr was brilliant, very cultured, provocative, ironic, playful. Even though he might fear his own end, he comes full circle with a prequel, Bernie Gunther’s debut as a cop. It was 1928, Bernie officiated at Mœurs when a post of inspector was offered to him at the «Kripo ”, the criminal police, a promotion linked to his service and his temperament: “You are scrupulous and you know how to complete it when it is necessary: ​​an asset for a police inspector.” And Gunther is not a bully, unlike the other cop being considered for the job. And having a Jewish leader is not a problem for him. And he has a good reason for not having obtained the Abitur (equivalent of the baccalaureate): he fought in the Great War (from 14-18) as a volunteer.

War and its ravages are omnipresent in Metropolis, Kerr interweaves them with the notoriously decadent Berlin of the late 1920s, against the backdrop of an already vacillating Weimar Republic. But Bernie Gunther defends Berlin, challenges the comparison with Babylon, says: “Today, still ten years after the end of the war, the streets were full of crippled individuals, many of whom still wore their uniforms, who lined up in front of stations and banks. Often the public spaces resembled Brueghel’s paintings. And yet, despite this, Berlin was a wonderful and stimulating city, […] a huge shining mirror held out to the world and therefore a tremendous reflection of existence in all its fascinating splendor for anyone interested in life on earth. “ Bernie is still naive, the rest of history will teach him pessimism, even cynicism.

Read alsoThe previous “Polar Thursday”: “the Winter Gardens”, in the depths of the dirty war

Berlin at the end of the 1920s is also a city where prostitutes are killed with a hammer and scalped without moving many people, even though they are mostly the woman next door, a worker who makes the sidewalk to make ends meet. The modus operandi recalls Winnetou the Apache, an ultra popular character created in 1879 by Karl May who put the western in German sauce. And afterwards, it is cripples of the war who are eliminated, with a bullet to the head. All this is very much in line with the state of mind that tends to spread, in the wake of the Nazi Party: we must eliminate the unnecessary, symbols of an intolerable national weakness. The Dr Coup de grace (literally “coup de grace”) wrote in his letter demanding the murders to the newspapers: “For those who see them crawling on the sidewalks like rats or vermin, they are an insult to the eye and the very idea of ​​civic decency. […] A new Germany will not be able to emerge as long as the crippled, ragged and degenerated vestiges of its ignominious past continue to haunt our streets like so many specters. ” But you also have to reckon with the underworld, the dirty cops, the love stories that end badly, and the obvious leads are not the most reliable.

Philip Kerr’s mastery is impressive. A millimetric marquetry work, between plot, study of characters, evocation of an era (including from an artistic point of view, it is notably a question of Fritz Lang whose film gives the title of the book) and political-historical analysis irrigated by an ode to democracy. And then, for Bernie Gunther aficionados, there is the pleasure of seeing him build, inexorably move towards the melancholy and tormented being that he will become. The post-traumatic syndrome aspect is particularly successful, with an unexpected almost anti-militarist empathy on the part of Philip Kerr, suddenly less badass than expected.

Sabrina Champenois


The Verkhovna Rada announced a “huge hole” in the budget of Ukraine :: Economy :: RBC

Фото: Yevhen Kotenko / Keystone Press Agency / Global Look Press

The state budget of Ukraine lacks about 40 billion hryvnia ($ 1.4 billion). This was stated by Yaroslav Zheleznyak, First Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Finance, Tax and Customs Policy of the Verkhovna Rada, the press service of the Golos party reports.

“In March, the government decided to live on a grand scale, leaving the country without money. There is a huge hole in the state budget of 2020 – at least 40 million hryvnias are missing, ”the message says.

According to the deputy, the authorities wanted to close the hole in the budget at the expense of the International Monetary Fund, the European Union and the World Bank. Zheleznyak claims that no one will give money to Ukraine, and the state has not earned more money.

Zelensky called Ukraine a serious and poor country

Kiev, Ukraine

The parliamentarian also said that the “first signals” regarding problems with the budget were last week, when the country’s Treasury “froze spending.”


Elections USA 2020: Alejandro Mayorkas, the first Latino to lead DHS chosen by Joe Biden – USA and Canada – International

Alejandro Mayorkas, elected Monday by U.S. President-elect Joe Biden to lead the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), is a Cuban immigrant who has already announced his intention to reverse the anti-immigration policy of outgoing President Donald Trump.

(Also read: The appointments Biden has in mind for his US cabinet.)

If confirmed by the Senate, Mayorkas, born on November 24, 1959 in Havana, He will be the first Hispanic and immigrant to lead DHS, in charge of immigration and border security.

Son of a Cuban Jew and a Romanian Jew who came to the United States in 1960 fleeing the revolution of Fidel Castro, Mayorkas, better known by his nickname “Ali”, alluded to his own experience when raising his vision of the work.

“When I was very young, the United States provided my family and me with a place of refuge. Now, I have been nominated to be DHS secretary and oversee the protection of all Americans and those fleeing persecution in search of a life. better for them and their loved ones, “he wrote on Twitter.

Cuban-American Alejandro Mayorkas was chosen to be the head of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

This attorney and former federal prosecutor, who first lived in Miami and later settled with his family in Los Angeles, knows the position well. As the highest ranking Cuban-American in the government of Barack Obama, of which Biden was vice president, was deputy secretary of DHS from 2013 to 2016 and previously director of United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) from 2009 to 2013.

(Read here: Antony Blinken, Biden’s chosen to be secretary of state)

Mayorkas is considered the architect of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), the immigration policy established by Obama by executive order to allow temporary residency for those who were brought as children as undocumented immigrants, also known as “dreamers”.

Since coming to power in 2017, Trump has tried to cancel DACA, which currently covers some 700,000 “Dreamers”, the majority Latin Americans. But Biden has promised to guarantee it when he takes office on January 20.

After the cruelty and devastation caused by the Trump administration, Mayorkas has a mandate to reform DHS

Joe Biden president-elect

President-elect Joe Biden has experience, serving several key international missions for Obama. But most importantly, he has a very different vision from Trump on foreign policy.

‘A mandate to reform DHS’

The challenge facing Mayorkas goes beyond ending Trump’s questioned immigration policies, in particular the separation of families and the isolation of children to deter irregular immigration.

Created in 2002 in response to the attacks of September 11, 2001 to better coordinate the country’s security, DHS has 240,000 employees and combines 22 agencies previously distributed among various departments, including from Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the Coast Guard and the Border Patrol to the Secret Service and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (Fema).

(It may interest you: The world order with Joe Biden)

And the mission of this vast department has become heavily politicized under the Trump administration. “After the cruelty and devastation caused by the Trump administration, Mayorkas has a mandate to reform DHS“said Joaquín Castro, the Democratic legislator who heads the Hispanic caucus in the Lower House of Congress.

Jeh Johnson, a former DHS secretary under Obama, also celebrated the election of
Mayorkas, considering that the credibility of DHS “has really taken a beating” during Trump’s term.

“I can’t think of anyone more qualified”he said in a forum of the CNAS expert center. At DHS, Mayorkas also negotiated cybersecurity and national security agreements with foreign governments, led DHS’s response to the Ebola and Zika viruses, helped create and manage a campaign to combat human trafficking, and developed a program of emergency aid for young orphans after the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti, Biden’s team noted.

The National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO) highlighted the “exceptional choice” de Mayorkas, whom he described as “the son of a Holocaust survivor” with “deep knowledge” in the immigration process, and called on Biden to have broad Hispanic representation in his government.

“We continue to urge the president-elect to ensure that at least five cabinet-level positions and at least 20% of administration positions are filled by Latinos.”said Arturo Vargas, executive director of NALEO.

(Read here: Immigration measures that Trump seeks to impose before leaving power)

A BA with honors from the University of California at Berkeley and a law graduate from Loyola Marymount Jesuit University in Los Angeles, Mayorkas entered civil service at the United States Department of Justice, where he was an Assistant United States Attorney for the Central District of California. and then a federal prosecutor nominated by former President Bill Cliton.

In the private sector, Mayorkas worked at the O’Melveny & Myers law firm and in recent years at the international firm WilmerHale. Biden’s team said they also collaborate with nonprofits that provide legal services to the poor, and help with refugee resettlement and the education of disadvantaged youth.

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