In the fight against the corona pandemic, the federal states can largely decide on their own responsibility about restrictions or the relaxation of requirements.
Here is the current status in the countries in selected areas of life. Important: The regulations are subject to conditions such as distance and hygiene regulations. In addition, the nationwide mask requirement in trade and local transport continues to apply.
Fine for disregarding the mask requirement
Baden-Württemberg: For those who refuse to wear a mask, for example in shops, the fine of at least 50 euros agreed between the federal states and the Chancellor applies. From Wednesday on, restaurant visitors also have to wear a mask when they are not at the table. The mask requirement then also applies in amusement parks and amusement facilities in closed rooms and in waiting areas. Violations of the mask requirement on buses and trains are at least 100 euros. Anyone who does not wear a mask on the school premises – outside of the classrooms – can face a fine of at least 25 euros.
Bayern: A mask is mandatory for all passengers aged six and over in public transport. Exceptions are only possible for health reasons and with a medical certificate. The standard fine rate is 250 euros in a one-off case and up to 500 euros in the case of repeated violations. As soon as the limit of 50 new infections in a region in seven days per 100,000 inhabitants is exceeded, there should be a mask requirement in heavily frequented public places.
Berlin: In the case of a violation of the mask requirement on buses and trains in Berlin, a fine of 50 to 500 euros will be levied.
Brandenburg: In Brandenburg, deliberately not using a corona mask costs at least 50 euros fine, up to 250 euros for “notorious mask refusers”. Anyone who inadvertently does not wear a mouth and nose cover and immediately follows the obligation should not have to pay a fine.
Bremen: Anyone who travels in shops or on buses and trains without a mouth and nose covering must expect a fine of 50 euros.
Hamburg: Anyone who is caught without a face-to-face mask in public places, such as in shops, faces a fine of 80 euros. In Hamburg’s buses or trains, a contractual penalty of 40 euros is still due, but this can now be increased by a fine of 40 euros, so that a total of 80 euros would then also be due.
Hessen: Anyone who does not wear a mouth and nose cover on buses and trains in Hesse must pay 50 euros without prior warning.
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: The minimum fine for mask refusers in local transport and retail is 50 instead of 25 euros. The upper limit for mask violations is 150 euros.
Lower Saxony: In Lower Saxony, mask refusers have to pay up to 150 euros, the maximum amount for violations is 10,000 euros.
North Rhine-Westphalia: Anyone who does not wear a mask in supermarkets, for example, has to pay a fine of 50 euros. In the local public transport even 150 euros are due – without additional request.
Rhineland-Palatinate: Anyone who does not adhere to the mask requirement must pay 50 euros in Rhineland-Palatinate.
Saarland: Up to 100 euros must be paid for violations of the mask requirement; the authorities can leave it at a warning fee of 50 euros for the first violation.
Saxony: Violations of the mask requirement in local traffic and in shops will result in a fine of 60 euros.
Saxony-Anhalt: Anyone who violates the mask requirement in Saxony-Anhalt should not have to pay a fine in the future.
Schleswig-Holstein: Schleswig-Holstein asks mask refusers on buses and trains to pay a fine of 150 euros.
Thuringia: In Thuringia, mask refusers are fined 60 euros.
Baden-Württemberg: Public meetings, congresses, trade fairs and smaller sporting events with up to 500 people are allowed. Large events such as folk festivals, at which hygiene measures can hardly be enforced and contacts cannot be traced, remain prohibited until at least the end of the year.
Bayern: The hosts of pubs and discos are allowed to rent out their rooms for private and cultural events. Professional or business-related events such as conferences or congresses are permitted under the same conditions as cultural events – that is, with assigned seats with up to 400 guests outdoors and 200 indoors. Without an allocation, the upper limit is 200 or 100 people. Markets without a folk festival character, such as smaller arts and crafts markets or flea markets without large numbers of visitors, are permitted outdoors subject to certain conditions. To curb the infections, the government is placing restrictions on residence in public spaces. If the incidence value rises steadily above 50, only people from a maximum of two households, close relatives or groups of up to five people should be able to gather. This should also apply to meetings on private property or meetings in privately used rooms.
Berlin: The maximum number of participants allowed at trade fairs, conferences and commercial leisure activities indoors is 750, from Thursday 1000 will be possible. Up to 5000 people are allowed to gather outside at such events, previously it was up to 1000. Innkeepers who do not take care of recording the names and telephone numbers of their guests face fines. Depending on the severity of the violations, up to 5000 euros can be due.
Brandenburg: Events can take place with up to 1000 people, including church services and concerts. Distance and hygiene rules as well as regulated access outdoors and sufficient fresh air in rooms and the collection of personal data must be guaranteed. Large events with more than 1000 people are generally prohibited until the New Year 2021. For drive-in cinemas or similar events, there may be exceptions from the health authorities in individual cases. Brandenburg now allows more than 1000 fans in large stadiums and halls. With a capacity of more than 5000 seats, 20 percent may be occupied by spectators. There is also a ban on alcohol. The regular upper limit of a maximum of 1000 people applies below 5,000 places.
Bremen: Events with up to 250 people indoors are allowed. Up to 400 people can come together for an event in the open air. The prerequisite for such gatherings is a concept that shows, among other things, that the guests can keep a minimum distance of 1.5 meters from one another. The organizers must record the names of the participants. Larger events and trade fairs are also possible under certain conditions. Instead of the Freimarkt folk festival, a temporary amusement park will be organized this year – with conditions and without alcohol.
Hamburg: Events with up to 1000 participants outdoors and 650 participants in closed rooms are permitted subject to certain conditions. From now on, more than 1000 spectators are again admitted to the soccer games of Hamburger SV and FC St. Pauli as well as to other major sporting events. The prerequisite is that the so-called seven-day incidence per 100,000 inhabitants at the venue is less than 35 and the infection rate can be clearly delimited. The space capacity can be used to 20 percent.
Hessen: In principle, events with up to 250 people do not have to be approved, but hygiene and distance rules apply. Spectators at amateur sporting events are generally allowed up to the upper limit of 250, provided a hygiene concept is in place and three square meters are available to each spectator.
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: A maximum of 200 people may participate in rooms, 500 for outdoor events. In exceptional cases, up to 400 people can be allowed in rooms and up to 1000 people outdoors. After a decision, more spectators can come to professional sporting events. The permissible upper limits should be based on the respective venue. Folk festivals remain prohibited.
Lower Saxony: There is an upper limit of 500 visitors for indoor and 1000 for outdoor events for events in the cultural sector. Changes will be made in October at the earliest.
North Rhine-Westphalia: Events with more than 1000 guests must be coordinated with the state – the municipalities are no longer allowed to decide on this alone. For events with more than 500 people participating, stricter requirements apply: Among other things, the organizer must ensure that travel to and from the event can take place in compliance with infection control. Under certain conditions, more than 300 spectators may come to sports events. At large events with more than 1000 sports fans, only a third of the seats may be occupied. Special regulations apply, for example, to the Bundesliga: according to an agreement between the federal states, only 20 percent of the places may be occupied. Stricter requirements apply in the cities of Hamm and Remscheid because the number of new infections there has recently been very high.
Rhineland-Palatinate: Up to 250 people can gather indoors at events, including trade fairs or markets. Events with up to 500 people are possible outdoors, provided the distance is maintained and contact details are recorded.
Saarland: Events in the open air are permitted with up to 900 people, in closed rooms with up to 450.
Saxony: Large events with more than 1,000 visitors are allowed again, but only if the number of new infections in the region of the event location does not exceed 20 per 100,000 inhabitants in the past seven days. Concerts can take place in jazz clubs or other smaller venues. Up to 1000 visitors can watch games and competitions under certain conditions. For major events with more than 1000 visitors, such as football matches, stricter regulations apply: contact tracing must be guaranteed and there must not be more than 20 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants in the region.
Saxony-Anhalt: At professionally organized events such as specialist conferences, club meetings or party meetings, up to 1,000 people are allowed in the open air. In closed rooms the number of participants is limited to 500, from November 1st it can be 1000. Professional sports and cultural events could be possible with significantly more participants after special approval by the health department and the Ministry of Health. Clubs and discos can reopen from November 1st. You may not let in more than 60 percent of the maximum number of visitors. Attendance lists must be kept and minimum distances must be observed. Prostitution sites are also allowed to reopen.
Schleswig-Holstein: Outdoor events are allowed for up to 500 participants, in closed rooms for up to 250.
Thuringia: For public events in closed rooms, the contact details of the participants must be recorded. Events such as folk, village, city, rifle or wine festivals, sporting events with spectators or festivals are possible with the approval of the respective health authority. The districts and independent cities can issue general orders depending on the infection rate. After an increase in new corona infections in the Weimarer Land district, public festivals and meetings with the exception of meetings of local parliaments are initially prohibited until October 4th.