Ffor the Wadden sea in 2017 will be a good year. An international Agreement commits since then, ocean-going vessels, prior to the discharge of ballast water, the entrained algae, bacteria, jellyfish, crustaceans, shellfish and fish larvae to be filtered out.
In the last few decades, well over 100 new animal species have settled on the German coast; some were introduced as stowaways, and other organisms immigrated from, because the North sea is for you, in the meantime, a feel-good location (since 1970 the water temperature rose by two degrees Celsius).
The Problem of this Migration is to displace, if it is invasive species, native organisms. The biologists are particularly worried about the “Small Five” of the Wadden sea – Cockles, brown shrimp, shore crab, watt worm and cotton worm.
Because it is primarily these five animal species, which are referred to as million watts, and the breeding or resting birds feed, such as silver gull, Shelduck, Brent goose, fishermen and Dunlin, oyster – the “Flying Five” of the North, in reference to the African “Big Five”.
The photographer, Martin Stock shows the Wadden sea new
The name suggests it already – the Wadden sea with its richness of bird life, the grey seals, harbour seals and harbour Porpoises is undoubtedly an Alternative for all those who are denied this summer due to the Corona-restrictions on foreign travel.
And as it happens, appeared to the holiday mood of these days, a new picture book of Martin Stock, the most industrious watt photographer in Germany: for One year, he has set a day-to-day portions of the Watts into the picture – salt meadows and dunes, silt-, Sand -, and mixed – watt, in order to document the tidal changes. A complex project that was only with the support of the national Park administration Schleswig-Holstein Wadden sea, where the 63-Year-old works as a biologist.
So floor could draw on literally from the solid, wherein in the image band is not only close-UPS of animals and plants, found the entrance, but also spectacular light and colour moods. Which is no coincidence – the Wadden sea is “a landscape of horizontal lines. It shows the viewer who looks from the shore and beyond as a succession of coloured bands“, as it is stated in the book.
Surreal the aerial photographs, approximately of gently undulating sand banks, or from water-bearing creeks, the filigree pattern in the silt draw are.
Hope in spite of climate change on the North sea
In the ‘ 70s, Ministerial officials played with the idea to put nuclear plants in these seemingly useless Wilderness, is today hardly.
While this project failed due to protests, was captured on the construction of the oil rig Mittelplate in the late 80s. Today Wintershall Dea pumps on the southern edge of the Wadden sea national parks of Oil from the sea floor and calls itself “an internationally recognized pioneer in the field of environmentally compatible Oil production”.
That’s debatable, but not the 2009, the Wadden sea, awarded world heritage status. The title is required to view Martin Stock and his co-author Tim Schröder to let in the Wadden sea “the nature be nature”.
Climate change is a threat, but the Wadden sea have “a good chance, with a moderate rise in sea-level rise to grow”. It is this calm tone, which makes it a brilliant picture of the material facts and a rich accompanying texts rich book for the North sea rice at the end as recommended.
Martin Stock, Tim Schröder: “The Wonders Of The World The Wadden Sea. The world heritage-discover new“, Delius Klasing Verlag, 160 PP., 19,90 Euro
“The older you get, the smaller the horse,” says recreational rider Ursula Schulz from the Uckermark in Brandenburg. You must know, she’s been riding since a good 60 years, and now, at 72, is still, two Times per week on a stud and gallops on a small, sure-footed Icelandic horse through the forest. In any weather, and then usually at the top of the tab group.
It is one of the approximately four million active riders in Germany. The least of them to make their own horse – there are only about 900,000 horse-owners in this country. Horse-riding is a life time sport: Who has learned it once, you will always get back in the saddle, as soon as the opportunity offers.
Most riders therefore prefer trips with Mietpferden or book multi-day riding holidays. This was the result of the only Germany-wide study on the topic of horse tourism Horse’s Future Panel from the year 2018. Accordingly, the riders were traveling at the most common in their own country.
The most popular horse holiday destinations in Germany are lower Saxony (49 percent), North Rhine-Westphalia (28 percent), followed by Bavaria, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Schleswig-Holstein, with 22 percent. In Europe, Austria is particularly popular (15 per cent), mainly because of the rides over mountain and valley.
The “great market potential”, – stated in the study, was not yet exhausted. Accordingly, 23 million German horse were interested, and 14 million dreamed of to swing himself into the saddle, and by the nature walk to ride. “Landscape with horse” was the most frequently mentioned motive.
Good conditions for riding in Germany
Although you can’t gallop cross-country or through the site, but nevertheless, Germany is considered to be increasingly rider-friendly. The right to ride is even enshrined in the basic law – as a General freedom of action, to which riders like to point out, if you are approached by hikers on foot.
And also the rules in the Federal forest act and the nature conservation laws of the länder have been loosened over the years. Ridden may be, in principle, on the roadway, but not on sidewalks or bike paths and right on the edge.
You can also read
Alone the coast of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, for example, now focusing more on horse holiday, has over 6400 km of signposted bridle paths, and there is even free of charge as a map to Download (auf-nach-mv.de). Thuringia too has eased in the last autumn of the nature conservation act: Since then, you must not only marked, but all Because of walk riding.
Offers for every type of rider
The demand for organized services are increasing – in the Trend for late saddler and re-entrants are “trial offers” in the comfortable Western saddle, “safe adventure” with trained Guides, or “riding, Hiking with pack horse”, the study found Horse Future Panel. For horse lovers are willing, on average, 48 euros for a day trip, and 983 euros for a seven-day horse vacation to spend.
Alone, the specialist provider of horse and rider (pferdreiter.de) has 43 package deals in the current program. Especially beginners suitable for horseback riding, the beach, gallop on the North sea and the Baltic sea are in demand. A passionate rider book, also like to multi-day trail rides: Many hours on the horse such a thing are back but this requires perseverance.
The offer for day trips is greater: There are guided Winterritte with torches, gourmet horse riding with a picnic, or the forest, riding over Stock and stone. Such half-day tours cost from 40 euros. Popular combinations, followed by a wine tasting, for example in the Rheingau and the Mosel valley are. In the upper Palatinate, in the Sauerland region, but also in the Eifel especially cozy wall will be riding without Luggage offered on selected routes to / from the yard to the yard. The bags will be driven from quarter to quarter.
Those who prefer a through the area to ride: Here a horse-drawn carriage rides through the lüneburg Heath, the are allowed since the middle of may. Because only with horse-drawn carriages Driving is permitted through the nature reserve. There are also courses for those who want to sit on the carriage.
For the health conscious, back pay, school-rides, a stretched gallop is like a Turbo-Massage for the muscles of the back and a straight posture on a horse already is mandatory, otherwise the horse is bored, just as soon as it senses no knee circuit and leg pressure on the saddle. That is the steering.
Manager practicing in the horse whisper
If you think about it, there is really nothing that you can not experience the high horses. Well, for example, the classical Manager of the seminar as a horse flüsterei, in the case of the executives, a horse without reins, alone, through suggestive self-assertion and eye contact to must to follow you in a circle and around obstacles like a puppy is posted.
The most that can be said, fail because of the stubborn horse (seminars, for example, in the Brandenburg “horse boarding Schumacher”). Similar courses are there for parents under the title: “horse whisper supernanny”.
Horses for Allergy sufferers
About half a Million people in this country are allergic to horse hair and can only dream of riding holidays only Hardly you Pat a horse, starts to sniffle their nose and eyes with tears.
However, there are a hypoallergenic breed of horse is now bred in this country more often. It’s the pretty curly Curly Horses from North America, good-natured Icelandic horses. Your top layer of skin contains less allergenic proteins than the other horses. What also speaks for curly: they smell quite different – not the typical spicy horse tallow, but a pleasant wool.
Several horse farm to offer Allergy-free riding on the stud Wolf in the Odenwald, (gestuet-wolf.de), in the Bergisches Land (curly-horses-germany.de) or on the Curly Farm in Schleswig (curlyfarm.de), which was founded by a skin doctor also offers at the same time Allergy testing for guaranteed Traben without ahchoo.
This Text is from the WORLD ON SUNDAY. We deliver them regularly to your home.
The border between Poland and Germany could soon be opened again. The Polish wellness and beach hotels in particular hope to be able to welcome visitors from Germany again soon.
| Reading time: 3 minutes
Nthe border to neighboring Poland is closed. But trips to the Polish Baltic Sea coast, Masuria or the Giant Mountains could soon be possible again.
As the Polish Tourism Organization (POT) announced, the Minister for Economic Development, also responsible for tourism, Jadwiga Emilewicz, recently named June 15 as a possible date for the opening of the border between Poland and Germany.
POT President Robert Andrzejczyk encourages German guests to visit their eastern neighbors again after the opening of the border and to experience Polish hospitality.
Poland plans accommodation hygiene certificate
In the meantime, tourism has gradually been brought back to life for domestic holidaymakers. Polish hotels and campsites have been open to local guests since May 4, and the restaurants were also allowed to reopen on May 18. The POT wants to introduce a special hygiene certificate for accommodations.
In the wake of the corona pandemic, strict security rules have also applied in Poland since mid-March and the borders with neighboring countries have been closed. The tourism industry was badly affected.
In the western Polish seaside resorts in particular, which live largely from German guests, the voices for an early opening of the borders increased. According to the current regulation, these are still closed until June 12th.
Hotels on the Baltic Sea hope for German visitors
This also applies to the popular German-Polish Baltic island of Usedom. There, beach walkers and cyclists can usually simply walk or cycle on Europe’s longest beach promenade to Swinoujscie (Świnoujście) in the Polish tip of the island, for example to shop or eat cheaply.
Only a gate on Usedom’s beach promenade popular for selfies usually reminds of the place of the border. It is now closed again by Corona: “In the middle of the forest red and white fluttering tape, behind it military”, WELT author Barbara Schaefer describes the situation.
The Polish wellness and beach hotels in particular are now hoping for visitors from Germany. After they were able to resume operations for domestic guests, many of them have fitness and leisure activities back in the program.
In the Kolberg (Kołobrzeg) seaside resort, for example, the boutique hotel “Shuum” in the spa area again offers various physiotherapy measures, as well as individual activities with fitness trainers outdoors, for example yoga walking on the beach. There is also an offer to use exclusively a private wellness area with sauna.
Measures to protect against corona
The Polish tourism organization is also addressing the growing security needs of travelers from home and abroad. Accommodation that implements the high hygiene standards of the state health authority should receive a new seal under the title “Bezpieczny Objekt” (“Safe Object”).
The hygiene certificate is to be awarded to the accommodations after a check. Controls should ensure compliance with the standards, and the certificate can be revoked in the event of violations.
Summer vacation despite Corona? What currently applies in other popular travel countries: Holidays in Spain 2020 Holidays in Italy 2020 Vacation in Greece 2020 Vacation in France 2020 Vacation in Turkey 2020 Vacation in Austria 2020 Holidays in Switzerland 2020 Vacation in Sweden 2020 Vacation in Denmark 2020 Vacation in the Netherlands 2020 Vacation in Egypt 2020 This is how ships could cast off again: cruises during Corona
MEhr symbol hardly works. If the sea and the sun do not agree on what temperature should apply, then sea mist first appears. This can also happen if the forecast was really nice. Sometimes the fog is very dense and stubborn and only disappears after many hours, sometimes it clears up quickly, fluttering away like a chiffon scarf in the wind.
In the past week there was often sea fog on Sylt. And then it was suddenly so wonderful that people sat drunk on the beach with happiness. Quite a bit drunk, too.
First vacationers explore the beach of Usedom almost carefully. Locals had him to himself for two months. But now it starts again: The Baltic Sea island opens the gates for tourists from all over Germany.
| Reading time: 3 minutes
“I have never seen the beach as empty in my whole life,” says Eddy Stoll, fisherman in Bansin, unique island on Usedom, a kind of dad hemingway from the Baltic Sea. He was a fisherman in GDR times, knows the island and the sea, and says succinctly: “But that’s just the way it is.”
For two months, the locals had the 47 km long sandy beach of Usedom to themselves. The few first vacationers who were allowed to arrive from Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania this week could be very relaxed here.
Now it starts again, on Monday the Baltic Sea island opens the gates for tourists from all federal states. The hotels are well booked, especially at Pentecost, which is also due to the fact that only 60 percent of the beds can be occupied.
Catering in a beach chair on Usedom
The first vacationers feel their way along the beach almost cautiously, like bears taking the first clumsy steps after hibernation. You have an unusual amount of space around you.
In Heringsdorf, the beach chairs are lined up with plenty of space. Top chef Tom Wickboldt walks along the promenade. Wickboldt has brought the first Michelin star for the island, he will soon open his own restaurant, he says, but at the earliest in August.
Eating has to do with enjoyment, so he would rather wait until you no longer have an oppressive feeling in the restaurants. In the meantime, he is developing new ideas that would not have occurred to him without the crisis. Catering in the beach chair, for example.
At the moment, people preferred to be outside, so you just have to think about new open-air concepts. In the sandy wind, Wickboldt does not want to present finely divided gourmet cuisine, but rather beach food with taste, made from good, regional products.
The border with Poland is still closed
To the east, German Usedom ends at a closed border until further notice. Neither beach walkers nor cyclists on the promenade come over to the Polish tip of the island. In the middle of the forest, red and white fluttering tape, military behind.
Petra Bensemann, director of the “Das Ahlbeck” hotel, sees this with concern: “I grew up with borders, I still know that.” Poland entered the EU in 2004, but it was only in 2007 that the border really fell here.
The most beautiful event for her was when the barbed wire came off on the Usedom beach: “How you got used to freedom!”
On Monday, she opens her house, with strict requirements such as mask and spacing requirements. At least the latter is not difficult for the locals, says Bensemann: “The Pommer, until it comes out of the bend, it takes.”
Some hotels on the Baltic Sea will not survive
The hotel manager has already lost 20 percent of the annual turnover due to the two months of absence. And now she may open it again, but not make the house full.
Some hotels on the east German Baltic Sea will not survive, Bensemann believes, that there is no old money here like in the beach resorts of the old federal states. The first interested parties are already in the starting blocks to take over hotels, also from Austria. “Sure, they don’t have a sea.”
When everything was closed, Petra Bensemann went for a walk on the beach every day. “I knew every seagull and greeted the fishermen who gut their flounders. That was nice. But Usedom is only really nice with guests. ”
This text is from the WELT AM SONNTAG. We would be happy to deliver them to your home on a regular basis.
EIt was the German autumn. And when an abandoned yacht ran aground on Sylt in October 1977, the island was in turmoil. The stranding case of the “Apollo” quickly developed into a criminal case because the thing was more than mysterious: strange men soon got to grips with the ship, weapons were hidden behind a fairing.
Kripo, Interpol, finally large search. The fugitive men, they were Danes, were arrested after they left Rømø. At the time, Niels Diedrichsen was a bailiff on the Listland coast: “Terrorists, the kidnapping of Schleyer, then an abandoned ship on the beach, sawn-off shotguns – what do you think was going on here?”
Over the course of his 35 years as a bailiff, Niels Diedrichsen has experienced a lot and found and found many things on the beach. It was his job and his passion.
Niels Diedrichsen, now 88 years old, now lives in List in the old part next to the Osthof, which the family has lived in for generations. The family is a co-owner of the Listland and so, at that time the 23-year-old farmer, he was given the task of the beach bailiff in April 1955.
As a bailiff responsible for the recovery of the lost property
“In my function as a beach guard, I was available around the clock for more than three decades, I was on the beach with wind and weather,” he recalls. He was responsible for the stranding cases – be it buoys or entire boats.
Niels Diedrichsen was responsible for the salvage. “I had to report the lost and found items to the beach captain in Westerland and to customs. Then an attempt was made to determine the owners. Failing that, the goods were sold in favor of the state treasury. There were public auctions, which took place here on our farm. ”Niels Diedrichsen also received his share of the proceeds.
The beach bailiff had no easy office – on the one hand he was obliged to the respective sovereign, on the other hand he had to maintain village peace. After all, he lived in a community that relied on ancient common law to get what the North Sea gave off the beach.
Diedrichsen’s stretch of beach was 27 kilometers long. Impossible to monitor everything. What did people hide from him in the dunes, he still wonders today. In September 1990 he received a letter from the Office for Agriculture and Water Management, informing him that the office of the bailiff had expired. Auctioning and administration were no longer worthwhile.
Wood was valuable on islands and Halligen
A lot of wood was washed up on the North Sea before the steel containers were introduced; Coastal residents regularly collected beams and boards. Wood was valuable – and delivered – on the forest-poor islands. It was used for building when it was not burned. It can still be found in old houses on the islands, including the Diedrichsens. Almost everything was found and used.
Even on the Halligen. The passenger ship plows through the waves, from Hörnum to Sylt, via Amrum and Hallig Hooge to Nordstrand. And from there with a ferry via Pellworm to the small Hallig Süderoog.
Today, the captain chooses the route on the sea side around Amrum – where the North Sea breaks over the upstream sandbars. With unchecked force, wind, waves and currents hit the coast here, the sands protect Halligen and islands from the worst.
The captain heads south-southeast between sandbars and Amrum’s west coast. The endless knee psand – Amrum’s huge beach – can be seen on the port side. In the 1970s there was a small hut village built from beach wood.
Here it becomes clear where to look for beach goods: outside, far outside. Where the North Sea meets the coast, for example at the dykes of Dithmarschen, on the beach of Sankt Peter-Ording, on the west coast of Hallig Hooge, on the western beaches of Amrum and Sylt. If you ask local sandpipers when the best time to look for flotsam, they say in unison: go look for strong west winds!
Every shoe has a story
Arrival on Hooge, on the Hanswarft – the main hill of the Hallig – is the Boyens family’s small art gallery. Handmade ceramics, wool are available here and beautiful watercolors. In front of the historic Frisian house there are shelves with old shoes.
“In 1994 I found a shoe on the dike and I took it with me,” says Werner Boyens. The 77-year-old is a passionate collector and runs a small gallery on Hallig Hooge. Today there are more than 350 individual shoes on the shelves next to his gallery; Work clog and children’s shoe, up to size 50 and with a ten centimeter heel.
“Everyone likes to collect, and when I find something nice, I take it with me.” Boyens ’collection keeps growing, because if the former captain doesn’t paint, he goes to collect shoes. “I often go on the dike around the Hallig – and then they lie on the washing seam. I’m not looking for shoes that come to me. “
He says: “Every shoe has a story!” Did it fall off the cutter? Did he come across the Elbe? Strandgut stimulates the imagination. “In some years I find twenty pieces, this winter season was a rather mediocre shoe year.
You have the best chances to find shoes or beach goods at all here on Hooge after stormy days with strong winds from western directions. ”Then he puts the brush away and starts again at the dike. “When I find a shoe, it’s a good day.”
Strandgut offers bizarre surprises
Although the office of the bailiff with its dissolution at the beginning of the 1990s no longer exists, beach goods still exist. You just have to keep your eyes open, sometimes there are bizarre surprises.
Holger Spreer, a kind of modern beach bailiff, lives on the small Hallig Süderoog. He is one who likes to show guests the curiosity cabinet of the sea and can tell a few stories about it.
However, you can only visit Süderoog as part of a guided tour. The mudflat is endless here, the walk from Pellworm in an accompanied group takes around an hour and a half to the lonely Hallig.
Nele Wree and Holger Spreer live with their daughters on Süderoog. The couple moved to Hallig in 2013. Both are employed by the land and work for coastal and nature conservation: counting birds, making sure that nobody walks unaccompanied and unauthorized in this part of the national park, maintaining the stock of the 60-hectare Hallig and its building.
They have also built a so-called archehof, they keep poultry and sheep threatened with extinction and sell surplus meat. When mudflats or guests come from Pellworm by ship, the two entertain their guests with soup, cake and homemade lemonade. On the stately farm on Süderoog, the sign with the national coat of arms and the note “Strandvogtei” is still emblazoned today.
A garden pond on the beach at Süderoog
Even if there are no beach guards on Süderoog since 1965, Holger Spreer somehow sees himself as such. Because as a national park ranger he controls the beach of the upstream southern sand, which is otherwise taboo, he hides things there and elsewhere, reports them if necessary and puts them back into “value”.
The couple introduced Hof and Hallig. First it goes up to the beach corner. There, in the cabinet of curiosities, Spreer shows the guests his collection of beautiful and strange things from the sea – “there is always something!”
Be it a television with an English connection or just a shoe. Strandgut often has a long way to go and a story to tell. Sometimes you have to come up with one yourself.
For example, the plastic mold of a garden pond was washed ashore on Süderoog – did a castaway perhaps use it as a lifeboat? And what was the path of this high-heeled women’s shoe in the unusual size 43 before it ran aground here?
Things of value go to the lost property office
“The winter months are usually the best,” says Holger Spreer, but this season there was less washing up than usual. “It used to be real beach goods – with an emphasis on good, in terms of goods or value. In the meantime it’s mostly just rubbish. ”
Nevertheless, it still exists today, the sea value. But: you can’t just keep and sell lost and found items. If Spreer, and this also applies to all other beach goods seekers, finds things of value, these must be reported and returned to the lost property office.
National park ranger Holger Spreer is also an area manager on the upstream Süderoogsand and in the Wadden Sea. Sometimes he finds a nice piece of wood, but he only takes it home if it does not violate the regulations for the protection of nature and archaeological finds.
Treasures and recognizable old things are delivered. Regular beach wood is not a problem. “Sand and water polish the wood, shape and color refine over time,” he says. “We use it to make candle holders or cloakrooms, lamps or small works of art, for example.” The wood has a nice grain now and then, and who knows, maybe an exciting story.
Amber also washed up the North Sea
Sometimes it’s not just garbage that is washed up on the North Sea beach. Maybe it’s even a piece of amber. Of course, Holger Spreer also found some of them – and if you just look closely, you might be successful yourself. Far out there and with western winds, the chances are the best.
The modern “Strandvogt” Spreer, who lives on the outpost in the North Sea and always keeps his eyes open, also looks at something completely different during a walk, namely fairway barrels. These are flashing buoys, weighing a good half a ton, quite important and expensive.
If one goes into business in a hurricane and Holger Spreer finds it somewhere around Süderoog, he tows the buoy and returns it to the water authority. There is then mountain salary, so much that it is worth taking a closer look.
The history of the camera went around the world
The most bizarre find took place in autumn 2017. Then Holger Spreer’s father found a black box on the banks of the Hallig. After cleaning it, unpacking it, and pushing a few buttons, this beach ware actually started telling a story about a boy who had lost his camera on Yorkshire Beach in England, that very find.
The camera, fortunately packed waterproof, filmed loss and doom. Flood and current drove the piece on Süderoog. The owner was found on Facebook and the find returned to the boy. The camera went around half the North Sea, its story around the world.
Tips and information
Beach law: After an amendment to the law that came into force in 1990, the right of discovery has been applicable to stranded goods since then. This means that anyone who finds beach goods must hand them in to the lost property office or report them, with the exception of finds of low value.
Information desk: Travel and accommodation options at halligsuederoog.de, general information at nordseetourismus.de and sylt.de.
Participation in the trip was supported by Sylt Marketing and Nordsee-Tourismus-Service. You can find our standards of transparency and journalistic independence at axelspringer.de/unabhaengigkeit.
Richard Wagner moved the plot of his “Lohengrin” to Antwerp. Of course, this is total nonsense, because the river over which the swan pulled the hero in the night and later back was the Kermisdahl.
It flows rather sluggishly at the foot of the Schwanenburg, and that is the landmark of Kleve that can be seen from afar due to the horizontal geography on the Lower Rhine. Visiting the castle is possible, but it is inefficient in terms of tourism, as it has housed the district and regional court for decades, where drug-related offenses in particular are negotiated – it is only a half-hour bike ride to the Dutch border.
It leads through the Düffelt, a nature reserve that is worth visiting for those who like to be in general and for bird watchers, because in autumn thousands of Siberian geese come to their winter quarters. Anyone who arrives in Holland will be surprised how few Dutch there are – most of them are in Kleve, which is a popular shopping destination for the neighbors.
Kleve is of course also a destination for culture lovers. The Kurhaus Museum, located in the park landscape created by Johann Moritz von Nassau, which (Berliners are reluctant to hear) is a model for the capital’s zoo, offers exquisitely curated exhibitions by contemporary artists and the largest collection of works by the sculptor Ewald Mataré.
And just ten kilometers away, a bike ride away, is Moyland Castle, the Dorado for friends of Fluxus art, founded by the van der Grinten brothers, who started their collection as classmates and friends of Joseph Beuys.
The great tourist past of the former Bad Cleve (the healing spring dried up at the beginning of the 20th century) is over, but the trip is worthwhile for a few quiet days. Lohengrin is said to have had a tear in his eyes when he said goodbye. Peter Huth
Solingen: More than sharp knives
If the table bends under black bread and mares, compote and turnip tops, rice pudding and hot cherries, coffee flows from the Dröppelminna (a jug with a tap) while the wind blows around slate and half-timbered houses, then you are in the Bergisches Land. With a little luck in Solingen, where people are as down to earth as the Bergische Kaffeetafel is nutritious.
In the historical heart of the Gräfrath district, with its idyllic market place, churches and coffee houses, all the necessities of life are cast in stone. St. Mary’s Assumption, once part of a monastery, has its roots in the twelfth century.
At the latest here, it becomes clear to some people that they have underestimated a city whose name may sound bland, but which has some surprises beneath its idyllic facade – like the Center for Persecuted Arts. It is the only museum in Europe that is completely devoted to formerly banned art.
The 160,000-inhabitant city nevertheless achieved fame with apparently simple everyday objects: the majority of all cutlery from the Germans comes from here. It has always been with seriousness and passion that you sharpen blades that are considered the best in the world. The German Blade Museum pays tribute to this tradition.
The largest castle in western Germany rises proudly above the Wupper. Castle Burg also has to do with blades, namely with swords, but is above all a romantic, beautifully restored robber baron castle.
All kinds of armor, chain mail and swords are kept in the building, which dates from the twelfth century. Chapel, kemenate, ancestral and knight’s hall lead deep into the Middle Ages into the era of the counts and dukes of Berg.
And as if the sharpest knives and the most lavishly laid coffee table weren’t enough records, the Müngsten Bridge, Germany’s highest railway bridge, rises 107 meters into the sky. Stefanie Bisping
Cochem: Between the castle and the bunker
The old wine town on the Moselle is Germany’s smallest district town with a good 5000 inhabitants, but offers something great for the palate and the eyes. Medieval city gates, narrow streets, pretty town houses, the Capuchin monastery, the mighty Imperial Castle high above the Moselle promenade, the Tummelchen (a Celtic-Roman burial mound) with the sugar turret (an old watchtower) – it would be almost too much idyll if Cochem did not offer any strange things .
Or who would have thought that the special star of this wine paradise is a gray, furry stone fruit? It is the Moselle vineyard peach that Cochem calls itself as its “metropolis”.
These mini peaches, which hide their red meat under a colorless bowl, are a regional delicacy – for example as a sweet company for debo-cooking (Rhenish potato dishes) or as a liqueur for Kir Moselle. Every year the Cochemer celebrate “de rude Peesch” (local plat for “red peach”) with the flower festival in spring, when hundreds of trees turn the wine slopes pink, and the harvest festival in autumn.
The “Cochemer Stückelchen” are strange, self-ironic stories from the “Schilda an der Mosel”. The best-known one tells an inscription on the Bockbrunnen: “The Bock ate white grapes. He should pay for it in the wine press. Red juice flowed into the trough. His innocence was proven. ”
We can only hope that the Cochemers did not really put a goat in the Riesling wine press at the time and that the “little piece” is only due to their macabre humor.
Cochem’s strangest sight, however, is the Bundesbank bunker, which has long been secret. During the Cold War, banknotes were stored here in an emergency replacement currency worth 15 billion Deutschmarks, which are now part of the bunker exhibition.
The Bundesbank’s nuclear bunker was on the Moselle
Above ground, the facility was disguised as a training center for the Bundesbank, and even its immediate neighbors had no idea what was lying there under their gardens. The Tarnhäuser have been part of the “Hotel Vintage” since 2016 – in Cochem you can live in one of the most historic buildings in the old Federal Republic. Maike Grunwald
Paderborn: Many springs and an imperial palace
Paderborn has at least one record: In the city on the Teutoburg Forest, the Pader springs from more than 200 sources, with only four kilometers the shortest river in Germany. It ends in the lip.
Once venerated as a sanctuary, six walled baroque spring pools still bear witness to hydropower, including one directly in front of the Weser Renaissance town hall and below the cathedral with its three-rabbit window, lucky charm and symbol of the city.
The Pader springs are among the most water-rich springs in Germany. From them, an average of 5000 liters of water flow out of the ground per second, all year round at a constant temperature of 12 to 14 degrees Celsius. Thanks to the Pader spring area, the name of the green area with beer gardens (Paderborner Pils) and Lake Paders, the 150,000-inhabitant city is regarded as an exceptionally relaxing but underestimated city destination.
A cycle path leads along the Pader from the Abdinghofkirche, past mills, fish ponds and through meadows to Padersee and Neuhaus Castle. In 2017, it was the first German hiking trail to be awarded the “Quality City Walk” rating.
The water of the Pader made Paderborn wealthy. Emperors and kings held court here. As early as 776, Charlemagne built his Karlsburg at the Pader sources. In the same year the enemy Saxons were baptized here, probably in the Pader. The place was then called Paderborn.
The imperial palace was destroyed in a city fire in 1000. In 1015, King Henry II built a new royal hall near the Carolingian Palatinate, which later fell into disrepair. It was not until 1964 that the remains of the complex were discovered under rubble north of the Paderborn cathedral – the foundations of the Palatinate were uncovered, the royal hall was reconstructed.
It houses the museum in the Kaiserpfalz. It shows more than 500 excavated splendid finds: remnants of wall paintings, artistic capitals, serving and drinking vessels from the stately table.
More and more medieval treasures are being dug up again and again: it was not until 2018 that a probe-seeker discovered a gold-plated cross disc brooch made of bronze, intended as a clothing needle to hold clothes together. This little treasure can also be admired in the museum in the Kaiserpfalz. Kira Hanser
Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler: sparkling water and wine
Do you like red wine, thermal baths, star cuisine, parks? Do you like hiking through vineyards and love the Middle Ages? Then you have come to the right place in Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler. Don’t be put off by the bulky double name – the two neighboring towns were only married in 1969 and complement each other wonderfully, like a good couple.
Bad Neuenahr with its springs is a healing place with tradition, Karl Marx already cured here in the 19th century. It was a winemaker who discovered the future Apollinaris spring in 1852. He actually wanted to know why his wine cared so much – and he came across carbonated sparkling water. The spa soon opened, and the bottled water later became world famous as “The Queen of Table Waters”.
Today Bad Neuenahr is a modern center for medicine and wellness. The Ahr thermal baths with the warm tingling water are among the best in Europe, and in the spa park you can walk between flower beds, the historic drinking hall and the ten meter high fountain “Großer Sprudel”.
Ahrweiler, on the other hand, where Celts and Romans, counts and archbishops left their traces, trumps with his story made stone. There is the preserved city fortifications from the 13th century, there are the many half-timbered houses and the market square with the Rococo town hall and St. Laurentius, the oldest early Gothic hall church in the Rhineland.
The double-name city is united by its penchant for enjoyment. The spectrum ranges from Vespers in an ostrich restaurant to Rhenish Sauerbraten in a traditional restaurant to restaurants such as Steinheuer’s “Zur Alten Post”, with two Michelin stars, it is one of the best in Germany.
And then of course there are the excellent ahr wines. Even the Romans used the steep slopes of the Ahr valley for wine growing. The tradition has continued to this day, the sunny valley is considered to be Germany’s most prominent red wine region. That is why it is absolutely worthwhile to add a few stages to the double city holiday on the red wine hiking trail, which winds its way along 35 kilometers from wine village to wine village, from winegrower to wine bar. Maike Grunwald
Further parts of the series “Vacation on your doorstep”
This text is from the WELT AM SONNTAG. We would be happy to deliver them to your home on a regular basis.
Es not there, the North Sea. There are ebb and flow, sand and mudflats, wind and waves in very different forms in this sea. And coastal residents with many of their own customs. Every island, every shore here is different – and always something special. We present five of the most attractive places on the water.
Denmark: fishing trawlers right on the beach
Even that, one thinks involuntarily – the fishing cutter ran aground, here in the Jammerbugten on the north-west coast of Jutland in Denmark. The ship is crooked and sways in the waves.
A sailor stands on the bow and throws a line. The surf tugs on the cutter. But it doesn’t have to be saved, it just has to be pulled ashore.
Thorup Strand in Denmark is one of the last and largest landing places for fish in Northern Europe, where the local fishermen and captains can be pulled by a bulldozer to their land, there is no pier or quay.
When the weather permits, the ten seafarers from the local fisheries association clear their catch every day – mostly plaice, sole and cod. If you want, you can buy these fish right here from the ship.
Of course, you can also eat freshly caught North Sea fish in the village: In “Thorupstrand Fiskehus”, for example, fish are sizzling in butter that have recently been swimming in the sea.
And in the snack bars you get fried fish on the hand for the beach. It is best to sit in the fine sand, listen to the surf, look at the blue cutters and have the taste of the sea on your tongue – there is no more North Sea (info: visitjammerbugten.de).
Netherlands: Show of the stars on the mud flats
A few lanterns provide some light in the alleys of Schiermonnikoog. But the small village is quickly left behind – and you literally grope in the dark.
Schiermonnikoog is the smallest inhabited island in the West Frisian Wadden Sea in the Netherlands. In 2006 the Nederlandse Christelijke Radio Vereniging named it “the most beautiful place in the Netherlands”.
Also because of the darkness – on the only four kilometers wide and 16 kilometers long island nothing disturbs the view of the night firmament. The few lanterns in the village and two lighthouses – these are the only artificial light sources.
Only a handful of residents live in the postcard-beautiful island village. The feeling of being far away from the rest of the world is therefore particularly intense on Schiermonnikoog. There is always a place on the island where you can be completely on your own. Only nature and the sea. And the sky above, which is most beautiful at night.
It is a 20 minute walk from the village to the beach, first through the heath, then through a pine grove – and the sea spreads out before you, dark and unfathomable. A ghostly atmosphere, also because long-eared owl and nightingale call and the surf rumbles.
There is more to see from the sky than from the dark water, such as the constellation of the big car. There is orientation, the five-fold extension of the rear axis leads to the Polarstern. It is one of the brightest stars in the sky and is located exactly on the north.
A bright band spans up there: the Milky Way. The stars sparkle like diamonds on the velvet black. Depending on the season, Venus can also be recognized; sometimes it is the evening star for months, sometimes it announces the coming morning. Jupiter and Saturn are in the Sagittarius constellation. In spring the lion sneaks up as its constellation.
More and more stars can be seen – in the deep darkness you almost have the feeling of being drawn into space. And sometimes even a falling star makes its way through the loneliness of the universe and ensures an unforgettable goosebumps moment in the lonely loneliness on the beach of Schiermonnikoog (vvvschiermonnikoog.de).
Helgoland: the home of the gray seal
As soon as the small ferry has left Helgoland, it is already docking across the dune. The little sister island with its snow-white beach and the holiday village is a bathing paradise and at the same time the nursery for Germany’s largest predator – the gray seal.
531 cubs were born on dune in 2019. The population has grown significantly in recent years, and Helgoland’s neighboring island has developed into a hotspot for seal fans from home and abroad.
In the summer, several hundred animals sometimes hunt for fish in the waters around Helgoland, often taking a break on the beach of their native island. Nowhere else on the North Sea can you see the seals better.
However, a safety distance of at least 30 meters must be maintained on the dune – the sluggish-looking animals can come out of cover at up to 20 kilometers an hour if they feel threatened. And they do it without fear!
If you want to be on the safe side, you’d better take a guided tour. From a specially created panorama path there are always views of the sea – and with a little luck you can see hairy snouts emerging from the waves.
They are not always seals, they can also be seals. They don’t use Helgoland as a nursery, but they also love trips to the island to do the same thing as human visitors: enjoy sunbathing (helgoland.de).
St. Peter-Ording: sailing on sand
How about braking? The beach sailors are fast and have foot pedals as a steering wheel, but no brake pedal. Several such three-wheeled speedsters with sails whiz across the beach of St. Peter-Ording. A steady wind blows on the mile-long sand ridge and inflates the sails.
“The beach here is particularly well suited,” says Sven Harder from the Nordsport beach sailing school. It offers beginner courses on one of the largest beaches in the North Sea. “Beach sailors have a lot of space, hard sand and mostly good wind.”
Wind strengths between 3 and 6 are ideal, Harder adds, because it is a wonderful way to escape everyday stress. If you know how to slow down the speedsters, you would like to add.
The course starts with some theory, the evasive rules, flag signals, safety instructions and the fitting of the helmet. It is particularly important because just below the head, the lower, horizontal rod on which the sail sits is swinging back and forth.
And how do you get going at all? “With a line, which we call sheet, you let the sail loose or pull it on,” says Harder. “The sheet serves as an accelerator pedal, so to speak. If you pull the sheet closer, the sand sailer accelerates. If you loosen the sheet, you take the speed out again and thus determine the pace. “
And brake? “You let the sheet as loose as possible, but not let go! You steer against the wind and take the car’s drive. ”
Dealing with the beach sailors seems child’s play. Feel, think, do – and the box is already running. The course participants will soon race on the solid sand of St. Peter-Ording.
Even beginners can get going quickly, soon reaching speeds of 50 and more. And apparently the beach sailors were careful during the training, because everyone manages to brake without an accident. Without a brake pedal (st-peter-ording.de).
England: castles with a view of the North Sea
You can literally hear the blades knocking together and screams of rough pictures of men echoing through the walls – only in spirit, of course, because it was more than 1200 years ago that native Celts and invading Vikings crossed their blades here in what is now Northumberland County.
The defiant castles, many of which are found in this part of the English and Scottish North Sea coast, inspire visitors’ imaginations. They are silent witnesses to an eventful history – and a wonderful backdrop for a walk on the beach.
One of the most beautiful North Sea beaches in the UK is in front of Bamburgh Castle. The castle itself is now a place for cultural events, you can visit it, walk in the footsteps of legends and legends.
And you can live here: From a room in the Neville Tower, on clear days, the view stretches across to Holy Island to the Farne Islands. With binoculars you can see seals and dolphins, sometimes even whales.
The late light paints the huge castle in scene and lets the walls light up like brass, the clouds in the sky are the color of mallow, the surf shimmers silvery and light gray.
The beach is clean and beautiful, the castle owners and the nature conservation organization Natural England are under the supervision. Bamburgh Beach is wide, ideal for long hikes; the water is too cold for bathing.
Surfers in their wetsuits are better off, they appreciate the wind-blown coast, to which constantly passable waves roll. Those who love lonely walks will get their money’s worth here, and everywhere you can enjoy an unobstructed view of the sea and the beach, the drama of the landscape and sky.
But you can also just sit in the slipstream of the dunes and watch birds for hours. Or you can practice as a lord – and build a sand castle in the form of Bamburgh Castle (visitnorthumberland.com).
This text is from WELT AM SONNTAG. We are happy to deliver them to your home regularly.
Dhe Münsterland knows how to surprise. At Anholt, near the German-Dutch border, the landscape changes completely surprisingly: surprisingly, two mountain sticks pile up from a largely rock-free park landscape. Although significantly smaller, they resemble Rigi and Pilatus in the Confederation.
It is not a coincidence. The Anholter Switzerland landscape park, created in the 19th century, deliberately mimics a Swiss scenery. Around six kilometers of hiking trails lead through the approximately 50-hectare facility – and always in view: a waterfall and the two mountains, well, hills.
Rigi and Pilatus, built from limestone and lava rock, not with Swiss rock, but at least as close to nature as an Alpine massif – accessible to everyone. After the “climb”, the “Swiss little house” beckons with a stop. The dark wooden chalet, with a balcony and flowers in front of the parapet, is located on an island in the middle of an artificial lake, which – you guessed it – is modeled on Lake Lucerne.
The landscape park was opened in 1892 and the chalet was built a little later. The decorative elements such as metal fittings, doors, window frames and wooden decorations are original of this; they come from a company in Interlaken. The house was to be owned by its owners, Prince zu Salm-Salm (1838-1908) and Eleonore. Princess of Croÿ (1855-1903), remember her honeymoon.
Almost every region in Germany has its Switzerland
Landscapes in Germany often have the addition of Switzerland because of a romantic transfiguration of the Alps, which became the preferred destination of wealthy travelers in the 19th century. It is still understandable that local low mountain landscapes were given alpine name additions such as Saxon Switzerland or Franconian Switzerland.
But Switzerland in the lowlands? Dithmarschen, East Frisia, the Münsterland – almost every German region, no matter how flat it is, has its Switzerland. And sometimes only because a local regent had sentimental tendencies.
Switzerland’s hype, which was rampant 150 years ago, was an international fad. So there are even ten hours flight from Germany, in the Central Asian Gorchi Tereldsch National Park, a Mongolian Switzerland. It is a beautiful, pleasant mountain landscape with spicy-scented mountain meadows full of colorful flowers, only that there are yurts in the mountains instead of chalets.
But most of the landscapes with the suffix Switzerland can be found in Germany: Above all, the Holstein, the Franconian, the Mecklenburg Switzerland. Gütersloh has its Switzerland as well as Dithmarschen on the North Sea (suitable for many cows) or the Ruhr area: Elfringhauser Switzerland stretches between Hattingen, Wuppertal and Velbert.
From Haiti to Namibia – many countries have Switzerland
For most German Swiss – there are more than 100 in total, if you count the unofficial ones to 130 – there is no need for mountains, just a pleasant landscape. The really beautiful, or a longing for it. A little Switzerland for a short break; a romantic transfiguration. Feelings that people on all continents have.
There is also a Switzerland in Namibia (at Keetmannshoop in the south of the country); in Mongolia, east of the capital Ulan Bator, the aforementioned Gorchi Tereldsch National Park, on Haiti, Martinique, in New Zealand and several in the USA, including Little Switzerland in North Carolina – the name alludes to the surrounding mountains reminiscent of Swiss summits.
Even in Switzerland, more precisely in Bern, people have been aware of the many foreign Swiss since the capital was given a sculpture by the Swiss artist George Steinmann 28 years ago: five rock groups rise up on a surface covered with white gravel. “Each person represents a continent,” says Steinmann. “Balance of things” is the name of the installation, which is reminiscent of a Japanese rock garden.
The sculpture embodies perfect harmony, because the distances between the stone groups and the area are laid out according to the rules of the golden ratio. George Steinmann: “The stones of the sculpture come from five continents and were taken from areas, valleys and places that bear the name of Switzerland.” In total, he laid 45 stones, six of them from Germany.
“I asked myself at the time, why do people call such areas after Switzerland, how did it come about? My impulse was to enter into a dialogue with these places and the people. The lawn banquet at the time here in the immediate center of Switzerland was ideal for such a sculpture. ”In the countries from which the artist sourced stones, he had yellow signs posted at the“ removal points ”with directions and distances to“ correct ”Switzerland .
32 countries took part in the art event in Bern
According to a survey by the Swiss Tourism Association, there are around 200 Swiss in the world. So Steinmann had to make a selection and also got advice from geologists. The sculpture towering next to the Swiss Federal Parliament is therefore a geological cross-section of the earth.
For example, tuff from Japan, sandstone from Saxon Switzerland, gneiss from Rantasipi Switzerland in Finland and greenish serpentinite from what is probably the most Swiss of all Swiss mountains, the Gotthard massif.
“At that time, employees of the respective Swiss embassy in the countries organized the stone handover and presented a serpentinite from the Swiss hospental as a gift. This exchange was a very important gesture of mindfulness, ”says George Steinmann.
The non-Swiss Switzerland apparently liked the action. “From Valdez in Alaska, the entire population of the village sent a letter with greetings and wishes,” recalls the artist.
“And when I opened the box from the Switzerland of Himalchal Pradesch and wrapped the stone from India out of the purple cloth, it smelled of Indian spices. Which was also very nice – an indigenous tribe from Peru had a sacred stone brought to them. ”This is how his work actually brought Switzerland into a dialogue with the world, because at least 32 countries took part in the elaborate art campaign.
Schwyz is the root of Switzerland
George Steinmann still regularly visits his sculpture. “Here I quickly get into conversation with people. Once I met a representative of an American First Nation in full feather headache who was visiting a delegation from a non-governmental organization to the United Nations in Geneva. ”
The trail of the (Swiss) stones – it actually connects people. And – thanks to the strength of the material – for a long time. And if you don’t have one, you collect stones, like the prince from Anholt in the Münsterland.
But if you want to experience the original, you have to go to Switzerland. In addition to Bern with the Swiss sculpture, a trip to the canton of Schwyz with the cantonal capital of the same name is also worthwhile.
Because the name “Switzerland” (and also the Swiss coat of arms) goes back to this idyllic mountain region; Schwyz is the root of Switzerland, the Swiss and all Swiss in this world.
Dhe has his white sausage in the south, his Thuringians in the east, his fish roll in the north. A piece of maritime cultural property, Nordic way of life, captured in two bun halves.
It is even officially honored to be launched on World Fish Roll Day by the Schleswig-Holstein Tourism Association to celebrate the culinary trademark of northern Germany every year on the first Saturday in May.
But this World Fish Bread Day also fell victim to the corona pandemic: a holiday that, at least in Northern Germany, is becoming increasingly important, since it would have been celebrated for the tenth time this year on May 2.
Belongs to vacation on the North Sea and Baltic Sea
And rightly so, because the boater’s feast cannot really be appreciated enough. Anyone who has ever vacationed on the North Sea or the Baltic Sea knows that this only really begins when you bite into a fresh fish sandwich at any stall, at any port between Emden and Heringsdorf.
For locals, a bite into such a recurring confirmation is that you have chosen the right place to live.
What makes a good fish roll is of course a matter of taste. Soft or hard bun? The Beatles or Stones question often arises here.
The surface also separates the spirits. Smoked fish or marinated? Scandinavian or Dutch matjes? A fundamental decision, do you prefer mild or bitter? Or maybe crabs, which in turn is not a fish at all?
A good fish roll doesn’t come off the shelf
The “where” is also not easy to answer, since it always depends on the taste of the consumer. With the “Fischbrötchen-Report” for the three federal states of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein by Matjeskenner and photographer Tilman Schuppius, the cult snack for fortune-seekers in search of the perfect fish sandwich even got a travel guide with the 156 best fish stalls along the coast .
There are also some insider tips away from the usual tourist hotspots. This is important because the true gourmet knows: A good fish roll does not come off the shelf. For this reason, he usually makes a wide circle around relevant fish bun chains, which, as a fishy counterpart to franchise fast food giants, eke out their existence in German pedestrian zones.
One should therefore not be fooled by the exterior of the booth. Small shacks often contain gastronomic treasures.
Herring marinated in sherry is popular
A good example is “Ben’s Fischhütte” at the Flensburg Museum Harbor, recently voted one of the best fish sandwich stalls in Schleswig-Holstein by readers of the “Kieler Nachrichten”. It is stored in a tiny, wooden crate on the thick planks of the harbor jetty, through the cracks of which you can see the waves of the fjord.
In a rustic-romantic ambience there is fresh fish here every day under stuffed puffer fish and in addition to worn-out pirate boots, beach goods and other coastal decor. Opening times “from eleven o’clock to everyone” is handwritten on a piece of driftwood.
When the weather is good, the snake usually extends the entire length of the wooden bulwark, and Ben’s Fischbrötchen disciples wait well and happily for up to an hour before they can bite into their bun.
An absolute bestseller as a fish roll: Sild, a Danish herring pickled in sherry and various spices. In addition homemade dressing, apple slices and a warm, crispy roll. Other addresses: the “fish factory” in the Red Street or on the fish market.
Two categories of sellers
Fish roll sellers are basically divided into two categories. First, the purists – they rely on unfussy aesthetics, let the fish speak for themselves and want the customer not to be distracted from the pure taste experience of a pickled herring by any frivolity. Means: a roll, a fish, onions. In extreme cases: a cucumber.
Second, the avant-garde – foodies, hedonists, hipsters, they have all found their way past gourmet burger chains and vegan burrito trolleys to the next fish stall.
Sushi meets fish sandwiches, low-carb wholegrain muesli rolls, marinated scallop sandwich, lime cod on cranberry dressing and much more. And of course craftbeer. Or maybe a 1983 Château Pétrus?
The best way to dine is by the sea
Once the decision has been made and “What” and “Where” are clear, the only question is really “How”. Anyone who has ever had matja sauce up their sleeves knows that it is better not to eat fish sandwiches while walking.
Ideal: while sitting. A quiet bench near the sea, swaying ship masts in the corner of your eye, greedy seagulls over your head, the smell of salt water in your nose.
But not everyone is allowed to eat their fish sandwiches directly at a port. No problem, the ocean is 90 percent a matter of the head.
You should therefore try to put yourself in a maritime state of mind in advance, regardless of the geographic location of the fish stall. Whether North Sea or Lake Constance, the moment you bite into your fish sandwich for the first time, a shanty choir should start singing “La Paloma” in your head.
This is exactly where the versatility of a good fish roll can be seen, if not to say globality. Whether as a quick meal in between, counter-food for the hangover from the last drink or the basis for the next one, a fish roll is actually always possible.
Isn’t every day a good world fish bun day?
The author lives in Flensburg, travels a lot and blogs on derrufderaale.com.