Just don’t hesitate at the checkout


It is easier to reach for condoms or sex toys if you can buy them in a separate shop. Many people get embarrassed at the checkout in the supermarket.
Image: dpa

People brag about status symbols when they buy, but how do they get what seems embarrassing to them? Some prefer to steal than to be watched while buying condoms. There are strategies for embarrassing consumption.

IIn the behavior of the consumer, impersonal and personal elements are close together. The bargain hunt for the low price is considered economically rational behavior and therefore, like all rationality, does not reveal much about the actor. Those who take advantage of the special offer are only doing what others are doing and are not personally noticed. Even with strong price differentiation, the retailer’s selection is not exactly what the language of the fashion industry calls a “statement”.

The situation is different when it comes to the selection of objects, and this is where sociology comes into play. The choosy consumer thinks of himself as someone who wants to present himself: his professional success, his expertise in certain areas, his real or supposed belonging to exclusive social groups. Wealth, taste or education are documented by large cars, elegant dining room chairs or philosophical books, and anyone who buys “sustainably” demonstrates that they belong to the upper middle class: spelled bread as thin bread.

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“Drunk”, baked in the ideas


In Thomas Vinterberg’s new film, a group of teachers try to rescue a colleague from his midlife crisis with vodka and counter philosophy. Predictable bromance. .

Video games: are loot boxes addicting to games? – Knowledge

In many video games there are so-called “loot boxes” – surprise boxes that the player has to buy for real money. But how problematic are these boxes – can they get children addicted?

In the game “Clash Royal” two enemy troops face each other. It is important to conquer the opposite side. A lot explodes in the process. Arrows fly, giants start moving and smash castles. To win the battle you need effective weapons and strong warriors. With a little luck you can get them in a loot box – a kind of surprise box. And you either laboriously earn it in the game, or you spend real money. In August of this year, a man from California sued the manufacturer of the game, Supercell, for having manipulated the gambling mechanisms – he could not resist and had spent too many dollars.

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What is this “little voice” that we hear in our head?

PSYCHOLOGY – Scientists have long been interested in this “inner language” which can take very different forms depending on the individual.

By Laure Dasinieres

We all have a little inner voice that helps us to think, to project ourselves, to communicate.
We all have a little inner voice that helps us to think, to project ourselves, to communicate. AdobeStock_99064574

It is sometimes a goal of personal development (“Learn to listen to your inner voice”), sometimes seen as a symptom of a personality disorder (“Hear voices”). But what is this little voice that speaks in our head? Common and polymorphic, but not always openly admitted, it is a phenomenon studied by linguists, psychologists, neuropsychologists and even anthropologists.

Hélène Lœvenbruck, CNRS researcher and head of the Language team at the CNRS Psychology and Neurocognition Laboratory (Grenoble Alpes University), defines internal language as ” a set of phenomena consisting of the production of language in an imaginary and mental way, whether deliberately or more spontaneously. It can be interjections, words, numbers, sentences, inner monologue or even conversation. »

This little voice is not present in everyone in the same way. “ Most of the time,

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Politics in the US: How Political Scandals Can Be Useful – Knowledge

From

Sebastian Herrmann

It takes strength to deal permanently with the daily missteps of political figures. Some prominent person always produces an excitement, which the public then ravages outrageously. Whether a would-be party chairman says something stupid or an incumbent party chairman pulls out an inappropriate joke, scandals happen every day.

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“Koh-Lanta”, what if reality TV was a top-level sport?

Seghir Lazri works on the theme of the social vulnerability of athletes. In this column, he sifts a few clichés of sport through the social sciences. How the social explains sport, and vice versa.

Adapted from the concept show Survivor appeared at the end of the 90s on the Swedish channel SVT1, Koh-Lanta is one of the oldest and arguably the longest-lasting reality shows. If according to the audience results, confinement has helped to “boost” this show, its longevity is based on other factors, in particular on what makes the essence of this television show, namely sports performance.

A world of athletes

During confinement and therefore the cessation of sports competitions, the sports magazine SoFoot had fun rating the contestants at the end of each episode, as he usually would for a football game. Even if the approach corresponds to the quirky spirit of the newspaper, it is not trivial and illustrates an interesting aspect of the show, its sporting dimension. Since on closer inspection, Koh-Lanta, it is also a sports show. Hubert Auriol, the first presenter of the show was a former rally driver (winner of the Paris-Dakar), but also a sports journalist, just like of course, the “flagship” presenter, Denis Brogniart, who studied at the within the sports services of many media (Europe 1, Eurosport, and TF1) and does not hesitate to return, on certain competitions, to this role of journalist.

Alongside this television figure, many candidates lead or have led high-level careers, here we think of the winner of last season Naoil Tita, former boxer, or the professional handball player Hadja Cissé and Matthieu Blanchard, the ultramarathoner recently dropped from the show. We can also add to these official athletes, a long list of participants working in the sports sector, such as coaches. In addition, the sporting trajectory of the candidate for the special season (2020), Claude Dartois, record holder of events in the history of the show, and icon on social networks, also reflects the image of the complete and multisport athlete. whose remarkable performances (trails, climbs, etc.) fit into other frameworks than that of institutional sport. Its success and popularity can be explained by the fact that it highlights a social phenomenon at work in recent years, namely “The loss of the monopoly of sports federations on new methods of practice” of sport, as sociologist Patrick Mignon noted.

Read alsoAll of Seghir Lazri’s “Sociosports” chronicles

Other essential elements of the program illustrating its sporting dimension are the collective and individual events. They must call “To surpass oneself” (as the presenter likes to point out) and respond in every way, through their theatricalization, to what constitutes spectacle sport, since, as the researcher Pascal Duret noted, about this social notion: “What ingredients does the recipe for success consist of when you envision it sitting in the stadium stands?” It undoubtedly requires merit and knowing how to pull out of the game while remaining collective, but it also takes luck, and if necessary a little cunning. “

Heroes more than champions?

Koh-Lanta is in fact, like an adventure, more than a competition. Indeed, the show takes place on a desert island, automatically referring to the archetypal universe of the character of Robinson Crusoe and its variations. It is a question of survival and social connection with the other candidates. Nevertheless, all of this always remains linked to the trials (winning in order to be able to eat, winning so as not to have to be eliminated by others); the notion of effort and sport remains central in this adventure. Since, as evidenced by the thought of sociologist and philosopher Alain Ehrenberg, sport “Constitutes the main vector and the basin of attraction of a diffusion of the culture of heroism”. For the candidate to marry the figure of the hero, he must demonstrate athletic skills, both physical and psychological, in particular by being autonomous and entrepreneur. The adventurer must manage his health (his needs) as well as his involvement in a social group, while knowing how to take risks. In this regard, the moment of advice which closes each episode is there to recall these imperatives, the one who is too weak physically, who does not participate in the cohesion of the group or has not taken a strategic risk by making an alliance by example, can pay for it by elimination.

For all these reasons Koh-Lanta is also a sports show, mainly because the concept of adventure is based on values ​​specific to sport. But through this sportivization of reality TV that this show represents, we can see a mirror of our society, where we ask individuals, despite a rapidly changing labor market and a crisis of the welfare state, to be more autonomous and more responsible for their existence. Has society therefore become a hostile universe?

sociosports@libe.fr

Seghir Lazri

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How to overcome an early miscarriage?

PSYCHOLOGY – Often trivialized, the loss of an embryo during the first trimester of pregnancy can however prove to be very difficult to live with.

To the pain of the loss can be added the guilt of living it badly in a society where this event is trivialized.
To the pain of the loss can be added the guilt of living it badly in a society where this event is trivialized. AdobeStock_349773948

“You will have another”; “It’s not the end of the world, you already have one”; “You are not the first and you will not be the last”; “It’s just a bad time to go”… Women who have miscarried early have often heard one of these comments that sometimes hurt more than they comfort. Frequent and most of the time without any medical seriousness, the early miscarriage (before 14 weeks of pregnancy) can however cause real distress in the first ones concerned. “The entourage thinks they are doing well but there are a whole bunch of little phrases that come to minimize the suffering of the person and this reinforces the guilt of living badly this moment trivialized in society”, explains Nathalène Séjourné, lecturer in psychology at the University of Toulouse 2.

A guilt that it is essential to defuse, insists Daphné Scoury, child psychiatrist and head of the birth center in Colombes: «

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Solar balloons, a solution for the future?

Did you know that there are some balloons that collect sunlight and convert them into electrical energy? They have some collectors that collect sunlight and concentrate it in photovoltaic cells that are on the same globe. This allows the amount of energy impacting on your cells to be increased several times. An innovation, that of solar balloons, which will give a lot to talk about, since they are low cost, their installation is very simple and they have a great capacity to generate electricity. Exactly, it has the capacity to generate 400 times more energy than a traditional solar panel.

[Img #61875]

What benefits can solar balloons bring to power generation?

High catchment capacity

By having a transparent hemisphere, it concentrates the sunlight where it matters. This allows the performance of the solar balloon to be 400 times greater than the performance of a flat and traditional photovoltaic solar panel. Each two meter diameter solar balloon can generate 500 W of electricity. An innovation.

Resistant system

Despite their apparent fragility due to their construction material, these solar balloons can withstand winds of up to almost 120 km / h. This is thanks to the aerodynamics of its design, and its plastic outer casing that protects the receiver and the surface of the concentration mirrors, from inclement weather such as rain, the direct action of insects or dirt, etc.

Easy installation

Being a system of reduced weight and simple design, they are very easy to install, and they can even be installed suspended over agricultural fields, providing greater performance to agricultural holdings, and facilitating the energy input they need for their processes.

What is the role of the photovoltaic sector in the energy area?

Renewable energy is here to stay and the role of the photovoltaic sector is important, the changes in the legislation made in 2019, together with the incentives to achieve the decarbonisation objectives, are driving the photovoltaic sector in our country. Did you know Spain was the market leader in the photovoltaic sector in 2019 at the European level and the sixth worldwide, with a record of installed capacity both in the segment of plants on the ground (4,200 MW of new capacity), and in the self-consumption segment (459 MW)?

But not only that, but Spain has a solid, quality and competitive photovoltaic industrial fabric, with professional installers who offer all their experience and good work to carry out a quality installation and with the maximum guarantees. A combination that includes leading international companies in the manufacture of photovoltaic components, such as inverters and, in the segment of solar trackers, four of the world’s ten largest companies are Spanish.

Why is a photovoltaic installation a good idea?

  • Power renewable energy on the planet: clean, unlimited and free energy
  • Savings and consumption discount: it allows us to discount the electricity that we have left over and that we give to the grid, to reduce the amount we pay for the amount we consume from the system.
  • They are facilities that are increasingly affordable economically and with a certain ease for installation
  • Eligible: we have the possibility of accessing grants that help us cover part of the costs of the installation.

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Psychology: climate crisis and corona crisis – knowledge

A torrent of bad news flows through the present and cuts people’s confidence. The number of new cases of Covid-19 is increasing, in Germany, in Europe, in the world. Autumn is just around the corner and with it the concern that the infection rate will worsen again drastically. From the shadow of the pandemic, climate change is now returning to public awareness. California is on fire, the forests are on fire. In Europe, too, the summer was too hot, too dry, and the prognoses for the climate are bad, the Greenland ice sheet, the permafrost of the Arctic, the Gulf Stream, the entire basis of human existence.

“We are just seeing that the planet is on fire,” says environmental psychologist Gerhard Reese from the University of Koblenz-Landau, “it’s starting to hurt.” Climate change is returning to the public stage as an issue, as surveys show. The activists of “Fridays for Future” were also present again with public protests on Friday after a long pandemic break.

Corona and climate change, a diabolical duo. How can this be endured, how much the end of the world can people endure without turning away and giving up?

“Basically we can withstand a lot of crises,” says Immo Fritsche, who researches the psychology of the environmental crisis at Leipzig University. “The apocalypse is definitely attractive to the audience.” According to the psychologist, negative news had an advantage in terms of attention and memory. They are perceived more strongly than good news. And yet the permanent succession of perceived major crises only allows for a certain amount of collective attention: Since its peak in 2015, the migration issue has for a long time overshadowed everything else, until climate change was briefly in the spotlight, which the corona pandemic robbed it of. “It may not be wise, but it is psychologically understandable: People just try to work through one thing at a time,” says Andreas Ernst, psychologist and environmental scientist at the University of Kassel. The collective potential for attention and action is limited.

Humanity as a whole may be quite crisis-proof, “but there are huge differences individually,” says the psychologist Reese. Different personalities react with different strategies; and each crisis awakens different patterns and responses. On the one hand, it takes great urgency or tangible need to perceive a crisis and react to it. Nothing works without pressure – but too much fear paralyzes, especially when there is no way out.

“People suppress when they don’t know what to do or when they see no chance of achieving a goal,” says psychologist Dieter Frey from the University of Munich. A common response to disaster news is then to turn away in order to at least “master the emotional consequences of a crisis,” as Fritsche puts it. Many studies have shown that people like to avoid unpleasant truths by burying their heads in the sand. Exchange traders no longer check their securities accounts when prices fall; Smokers hide information about the harmful effects of their addiction; or – more consistently – one denies the problem as a whole. Corona is a false alarm, climate change is a lie, they say.

“But if we have the feeling that we can achieve something, then we approach crises more problem-oriented,” says Fritsche. Anyone who has a plan also satisfies a basic psychological need: to be able to exercise control over situations and one’s life. The sense of self-efficacy takes some of the horror from disaster news.

Above all, crises like climate change or the corona pandemic plunge the individual into a rigidity: what can an individual achieve, isn’t everything irrelevant anyway? “That’s why groups are so important,” says Fritsche. In times of acute crisis, people tend to think and act more collectivist than usual. Those who then understand their actions as part of a collective movement can free themselves from the feeling of powerlessness. “What is possible then, we saw in the Corona crisis,” says Fritsche, “the whole country has started moving, we are acting together.” When it comes down to the nitty-gritty, says Ernst, people are very capable of acting.

In order to cope with crises and not to despair as an individual, it is important to find like-minded people and tackle them together. Will this solve the problem? Maybe who knows. But one thing is certain: it helps the psyche to digest the whole madness halfway.

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