Italy to extend restrictions when Christmas ends

After establishing harsh restrictions during Christmas, including the maintenance of the curfew at 10 pm and the closure of bars and restaurants, which can only sell takeout, the Italian Government is considering continuing with these and other measures when the holidays are over to try to avoid a spike in coronavirus infections. Among the sectors sacrificed will be education again, as various regions announced this Monday that they are delaying the reopening of face-to-face classes in secondary schools, initially scheduled for this Thursday, January 7. Territories like Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia postpone it until at least February.

Health authorities They fear that in the coming days there will be an increase in the number of infected people due to the increased sociability during Christmas celebrations. Despite the fact that throughout this period only two people with whom one does not live are allowed to invite to one’s own home, Pierpaolo Sileri, Deputy Minister of Health, acknowledged that there had been “a greater risk of exposure.” That is why the Government plans to approve a new decree with subsequent measures to minimize the risk of a third wave of the pandemic.

Among the restrictions that are being considered, according to the local media, is the maintenance of the prohibition on mobility in the regions and the invitation of more than two people to their own home. Bars and restaurants would have to remain closed, although they may be allowed to open only on weekends. These measures will be in effect at least until January 15. The Executive also plans to tighten the conditions required for the regions to go from the red level (which means almost total closure), to orange and yellow.

Italy registered 348 deaths from coronavirus on Monday and 10,800 new cases, detected with almost 78,000 tests, a relatively low number. The percentage of positives was 13.8%. “At this moment we are verifying the results of the shopping days prior to Christmas,” said Agostino Miozzo, coordinator of the Technical-Scientific Committee that advises the Government, referring to the agglomerations that occurred in the commercial areas of the cities some time ago. two weeks. Miozzo hoped that the “painful” restrictions on the Christmas period would lead to a fall in the epidemiological curve.

Italy is expected to receive a second shipment on Tuesday with 470,000 doses of the Covid-19 vaccine manufactured by Pfizer Biontech, although there is a serious delay in the supply of the first vials. The country has inoculated the serum to 122,000 people so far, using only 25% of the vials received. The very slow rate of vaccination in some regions, with flagrant cases such as Lombardy (less than 4%) or Sardinia, where the campaign has not even started, has provoked criticism from the central government to the regions, which have transferred health responsibilities .

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Time puts on the cover “the worst year in history” – RBC

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Russia proposes to the US to extend the disarmament agreement Start by one year

Russia reiterated this Tuesday its offer to extend for a year the New Start Nuclear Weapons Reduction and Limitation Treaty, which expires on February 5, 2021 and is currently the only existing mechanism for the control of nuclear weapons. It adds, yes, the proposal to “freeze” during that period the atomic arsenals of both parties.

“Russia, by proposing the extension of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty for one year, is also willing to assume, together with the United States, the political commitment to also freeze the number of nuclear warheads,” the Russian Foreign Ministry announced today in a statement. , which recalls that last Friday President Vladimir Putin already proposed to Washington to extend the agreement for one year “without conditions.”

Those twelve months, according to Moscow, would serve to negotiate the terms of a new atomic arms limitation treaty. The United States, however, rejected it and hence today the idea of ​​”freezing” the number of nuclear warheads for the duration of the agreement has been included. Putin already suggested it last week, when he spoke of including new hypersonic missiles and other weapons developed by Russia in recent years in the negotiations, but he did not expressly formulate it.

The new Start or Start III was signed on April 8, 2010, when Barack Obama was at the head of the White House and President Dmitry Medvedev of the Kremlin. It establishes a maximum of 1,550 atomic warheads on both sides and a limit of 800 non-deployed ICBM launchers and 700 if they are operational on land or aboard strategic ships and bombers.

Interest in Washington

The new nuance introduced on Tuesday by Russia has made the United States, after its initial refusal, urge this Tuesday to meet “immediately” to reach an agreement that allows the Start to be extended. State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus said in a statement that “the US is ready to meet immediately to conclude a verifiable agreement.”

White House National Security Adviser Robert O’Brien responded no to Putin’s proposal on Friday precisely because he did not contemplate freezing the atomic warheads. The two countries, which possess 90% of the world’s nuclear weapons, began talks in June to try to prolong the Start, but after several rounds of talks, no progress was made.

The Americans insisted on including China in the treaty, which Beijing rules out and in Moscow is seen as an “unrealistic” claim. The Russians, for their part, wanted the negotiations to address other aspects such as the American missile defense system, its tests with long-range missiles and the deployment of offensive weapons in space.

The Start I was signed on July 31, 1991 by Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and his North American counterpart, George HW Bush. It lasted until November 5, 2009. The Start II was also signed by Bush, but with the first Russian president, Borís Yeltsin. The agreement was never implemented. The new Start III was the work of Medvedev and Obama, but it has three and a half months left in effect.

In May, the US announced its intention to abandon the Open Skies Treaty, accusing Russia of failing to comply with it. This same was the argument used last year by Washington to get out of another important arms limitation agreement, the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), later denounced by Russia, although now it is asking for a moratorium to maintain it. in force temporarily. As early as 2002, Washington unilaterally left the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM). So the only brake still existing to avoid a nuclear hecatomb is Start. Experts fear that if it is not prolonged, it will unleash a new race in nuclear rearmament.

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Re-freezing – Newspaper Kommersant No. 193 (6914) dated 21.10.2020

The Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement on Tuesday that surprised arms control experts in both Russia and the United States. The ministry unexpectedly announced that Moscow is ready to extend the Strategic Offensive Arms Treaty (START) for one year and, at the same time, is not opposed, together with Washington, to undertake a political commitment to “freeze” the number of nuclear warheads held by the parties for this period. Earlier, Russian officials called the demand to freeze the entire nuclear arsenal “unacceptable.” As Kommersant found out, the decision to soften the position was taken in the Kremlin. Experts interviewed by Kommersant doubt that Russia will benefit from this. And the American ones – that the United States will accept the announced proposal.

Freeze ready

A couple of days ago, it seemed that the talks between Russia and the current US administration on the extension of the START Treaty expiring in February could be put to an end. After Russian President Vladimir Putin on October 16 proposed to extend the agreement for one year without any preconditions, and the adviser to the head of the White House, Robert O’Brien, Twitter answered that this idea is “doomed to failure”, most experts believed that further events will develop in one of two ways. If Donald Trump wins the November 3 elections, START will soon cease to exist, and with it the arms control regime in its present form will remain in history. If Democrat Joe Biden becomes president, who promised in advance to extend START for five years, the treaty will continue to operate, which will give the parties enough time to negotiate a subsequent bilateral or multilateral agreement.

But the statement of the Russian Foreign Ministry nullified all forecasts. It begins with the words that Russia would still like to receive an official response to Vladimir Putin’s proposal of October 16, which was put on paper on the same day and sent to the American side in the form of a diplomatic note. The Russian side does not consider “separate comments of American officials in social networks” for the answer, as follows from the message of the Foreign Ministry. “Given the contradictory reaction to the current situation, we want to clarify,” the statement said. This is followed by a phrase that produces exactly the opposite effect.

«Russia proposes to extend the START Treaty for one year, and at the same time is ready, together with the United States, to take on a political commitment to “freeze” the number of nuclear warheads held by the parties for this period, ”the statement says.

The willingness to extend the START Treaty for a year instead of the five permitted by the treaty itself is a concession to the Donald Trump administration. The current US authorities made it clear long ago that they do not want to extend the treaty for five years, since they consider it more beneficial for Russia than for themselves. Russian officials about a year ago began publicly permitting a renewal of the contract for less than five years, although they emphasized that it would be better to talk about an extension for a full term. Vladimir Putin’s proposal of October 16, thus, has already become a demonstration of readiness to meet the United States halfway.

But Washington’s demand to “freeze” all nuclear arsenals (that is, not only strategic, but also tactical, not falling under the current treaty) as a condition for extending the START Treaty was previously called “unacceptable” in Moscow. The head of the Russian delegation at the talks with the United States, Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation Sergei Ryabkov spoke about this many times. A few days ago, he tightly linked the possibility of not building up nuclear warheads with regard to Russia’s concerns in other areas affecting strategic stability, such as missile defense, space militarization and new conventional weapons. In addition, Russian officials previously insisted that in addition to warheads, carriers and launchers must certainly be taken into account.

The readiness to “freeze” the number of nuclear warheads available to the sides for a year is thus a significant concession to the American side.

According to two informed sources of Kommersant, the decision to adjust the position was made in the Kremlin. The Foreign Ministry only announced it. Kommersant’s interlocutors insist that we are not talking about a radical revision of the position. “We only expressed our readiness to freeze the arsenals for a year, that is, for the period of the START extension and the development of new agreements. If during this time our concerns on other aspects are not properly addressed, this commitment will not be renewed, ”one of them explained.

Another interlocutor drew attention to the fact that, while expressing its readiness to “freeze” the arsenals, the Russian side “clearly indicated where its borders are.” The Foreign Ministry’s statement on this matter says that the freezing of warheads “will not be accompanied by any additional demands from the United States.” This means that Russia is still not ready to tighten and expand verification measures (including external control over the production of nuclear weapons), which the United States has been pushing for in recent months.

Another ‘red line’ is drawn in the penultimate phrase of the statement: “If this approach suits Washington, then the time gained as a result of the START extension can be used to conduct comprehensive bilateral negotiations on the future control of nuclear missile weapons with the obligatory consideration of all factors affecting on strategic stability ”. The emphasis on the fact that the negotiations should be precisely bilateral contradicts the US demand that China should certainly be involved in this process in the near future.

Gift to Donald Trump

But even with all the reservations, Russian experts saw many pitfalls in the change in position. “If we ignore the context, the Russian proposal looks like an interesting compromise – a political statement about not building up arsenals without verification does not bind Russia to anything and avoids the START expiration in February 2021. The Cold War saw many examples of such temporary political “freezes”, in particular with regard to nuclear tests, “Andrei Baklitsky, a senior researcher at the Institute of International Studies of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations, told Kommersant.” But whatever motivates Moscow in this case, in Washington it is will be unambiguously read as the success of the American diplomatic campaign, leading to further demands and new pressures. “

According to the expert’s forecast, the US administration will insist that the freezing of arsenals is impossible without declaring the number of Russian warheads, including tactical warheads (and this has been a taboo for Moscow for thirty years), and strict verification, which the Russian leadership had previously sharply criticized. “And if Donald Trump had agreed to an agreement without verification, Moscow would have been accused of violation the very next day without the opportunity to justify itself. All this makes the prospects for such an agreement dubious, ”the source of Kommersant believes. At the same time, Andrei Baklitsky warned that now, even if Joe Biden wins the presidential election, the next Russian-American negotiations “will begin with the conviction of the Americans that Moscow already agrees to freeze arsenals, just a little pressure is enough.”

“The rather unexpected statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs about its readiness to extend the START Treaty by just one year and to carry out a mutual freeze of nuclear arsenals contradicts almost all the main Russian approaches in the field of arms control of recent times,” a researcher at the Center for International Security of the IMEMO RAS, co-founder of the Vatfor project told Kommersant. “Dmitry Stefanovich. – Of course, traditionally, the need for bilateral (but not multilateral) negotiations on the entire spectrum of” factors affecting strategic stability “was mentioned, but on the whole it looks like a concession to American pressure on two points in the context of” strategic departments “(the first was agreement to extend the START Treaty for a period of less than five years) ”.

Mr. Stefanovich also predicts that in the near future the issue of toughening and expanding verification measures, which worries the United States, cannot but arise, while issues of concern to Russia (missile defense, space, and so on) threaten to be left out of brackets. “What is the reason for such compliance is still difficult to understand,” the expert told Kommersant. “Perhaps there is a desire to further strengthen the country’s image as responsibly approaching strategic stability, ready to show flexibility in order to preserve those elements of the arms control architecture that are still can be saved. ” Moreover, according to Dmitry Stefanovich, it is possible that the United States will not accept Russia’s proposal and put forward additional conditions, “which will further highlight the constructive approach of the Russian side.”

However, the US responded to the statement of the Russian Foreign Ministry with great enthusiasm.

State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus said the US “appreciates that Russia is ready to try to make progress on arms control.”

The American negotiators, she said, are ready to “immediately” meet with their Russian counterparts to “finalize the verifiable agreement.” “We expect Russia to authorize its diplomats to do the same,” added Morgan Ortagus.

The word “verified” here is clearly not accidental and means that the United States is not ready to abandon the requirement to tighten and expand mechanisms for verifying compliance with agreements. This means that negotiations on the fate of the START Treaty with the current administration may still follow a negative scenario.

Hans Christensen, director of information projects related to the nuclear sphere at the Federation of American Scientists, in an interview with Kommersant, did not undertake to predict whether the White House would accept the Kremlin’s new proposal. According to him, for this, the Donald Trump administration would have to abandon a number of its earlier requirements: from amending the START itself to introducing new tough verification measures and connecting China. “The fact that Russia has accepted the idea of ​​a nuclear warhead freeze as such is important, even if it is only a political commitment for a year. Thus, Russia is showing readiness to discuss the key concerns of the United States, concerned about the buildup of its arsenals, ”the expert said. At the same time, the interlocutor of Kommersant noted that, judging by the statement of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Russia is not ready to accompany the freeze with additional verification measures. “If the Donald Trump administration agrees to this, that is, if it accepts the idea of ​​an“ unverifiable freeze, ”then it will become, albeit politically important, but a little strange victory for him. After all, Donald Trump’s main complaint against START was that the United States had no confidence that Russia was fulfilling this treaty in good faith, ”Hans Christensen recalled. Meanwhile, he did not rule out that the White House would accept this “gift” from the Kremlin, since any foreign policy victories are now important for Donald Trump.

Elena Chernenko

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Preferential mortgage will be extended for a year – Finance – Kommersant

The Russian government is going to extend the concessional mortgage program at 6.5% until the end of 2021. At the same time, it is proposed to expand its volume by more than three times, up to 2.8 trillion rubles. Bankers and developers are supporting the extension of the program, which has become an anticipated anti-crisis measure. In particular, developers have significantly increased their home sales revenue. Given the increased issuance of mortgage loans, the Central Bank is monitoring the risks of such portfolios. Bankers do not expect a mortgage bubble and expect growth potential to remain until the end of 2021.

On Monday, October 12, the Ministry of Finance published a draft resolution with changes to the current state program of preferential mortgages at 6.5% per annum. The program, operating from April 17, was supposed to end on November 1. The department proposes to extend the preferential mortgage program until December 31, 2021, and the limit within which banks can issue loans to expand from the current 900 billion to 2.8 trillion rubles.

As follows from the explanatory note, within ten days after the entry into force of the resolution, banks intending to participate in the program must submit to the operator of the program – JSC Dom.RF – “applications for establishing new or additional credit limits”. Dom.RF will have to make a decision on them within 20 days. The operator reimburses creditors for lost income, compensation is the difference between the size of the key rate of the Central Bank as of the beginning of the month for which the reimbursement is made, increased by 3 percentage points, and the interest rate under the loan agreement on a preferential mortgage.

Currently, 64 banks participate in the preferential program. According to Dom.RF, as of October 8, 224,400 loan agreements for 630.7 billion rubles were signed under the program. By this time, 216.7 thousand concessional loans have been issued in the amount of 607.5 billion rubles. In total, the Russians sent about 744.6 thousand applications for preferential mortgages. Earlier, the banks indicated to Kommersant that the borrower simultaneously sends several applications to the banks at once. Under the program, you can take a mortgage loan up to 12 million rubles. in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Moscow and Leningrad regions and up to 6 million rubles. in other regions. The minimum down payment is set at 15% of the cost of housing.

Marat Khusnullin, Deputy Prime Minister in charge of the construction industry in the government, has repeatedly stated that the preferential mortgage may be extended after November 1. So, at the end of September, he described this program as “very successful, which allowed many citizens to buy housing and attract 500 billion rubles to the industry.”

According to Dom.RF, at the moment, taking into account the initial contribution to the construction industry, more than 715 billion rubles have already been attracted. funds of banks and citizens. According to the head of the analytical center “Dom.RF” Mikhail Goldberg, the program provided the construction of more than 11 million square meters. m of housing.

«The extension of the program in 2021 will be able to ensure the issuance of more than 877 thousand loans, support the demand for housing under construction and help developers create a reserve for increasing construction volumes, ”says Mikhail Goldberg.

Since April, the demand for new housing in Russia began to decline noticeably due to the crisis. According to Rosreestr, in April-May, the number of transactions decreased by more than half compared to the same period in 2019. In general, for the first half of 2020, the number of transactions under equity participation agreements (DAC) decreased by 37% compared to the same period in 2019. Since June, demand for real estate began to recover due to the gradual lifting of quarantine restrictions, as well as measures of state support for the construction industry, including the introduction of a preferential mortgage program at a rate of 6.5%.

In the first summer month of 2020, the aggregate value of transactions in the primary market jumped 42% compared to the previous month. In July and August, the rise continued, amounting to 15% and 21%, respectively, according to the agency “National Credit Ratings” (NKR). According to the calculations of this company, losses in sales of new buildings due to COVID-19 from April to August 2020 amounted to about 0.9 trillion rubles. in comparison with the same period in 2019, and without the preferential mortgage program, losses would have exceeded 1.7 trillion rubles.

Therefore, the main participants in the program – banks and developers – are actively advocating for its extension. As pointed out by “Kommersant” in Sberbank, this “will allow to support both the consumer, who will be able to solve critical problems with housing, and the construction sector, and numerous contractors in the construction sector, and in the medium term, manufacturers of goods for repairs, furniture and other related goods,” with fairly moderate budget spending. Preferential mortgages are an anti-crisis measure, there is no other such program to reduce interest rates, and there is still potential for growth in the housing market until the end of 2021, the chairman of the board said. Absolut Bank Tatiana Ushkova. At the same time, according to her, one should hardly expect new participants after the expansion of the program, since for many banks such loans are low-margin. “Demand from the population will remain high until about mid-2021, then it may decrease slightly, since most borrowers with effective demand will use the program by that time,” says the head of the mortgage product development center PSB Marina Zabotina.

As noted in the NKR, after the launch of the preferential mortgage, the average transaction prices increased by 8% (from late May to late August). The most pronounced rise in prices was in July-August, which coincides in time and with a sharp increase in the volume of preferential mortgages – by 60% in August compared to July, to 432 billion rubles. NKR experts believe that the increase in prices was also influenced by the decision of some developers to limit the supply of housing.

The preferential mortgage program naturally led to an increase in the revenue of developers in Moscow and the Moscow region, which are considered one of the most capital-intensive primary real estate markets in the country.

In September 2020 alone, the PIK Group earned 26.2 billion rubles from the sale of housing, MR Group – 9.5 billion rubles, Don-Stroy Invest – 9 billion rubles, Ingrad – 8.7 billion rubles. , and “Samolet” – almost 6 billion rubles, according to the CEO of the analytical company Dataflat.Ru Alexander Pypin.

Currently, about half of the volume of loans in recent months accounted for just preferential mortgages. “We are closely monitoring so that the number of, shall we say, risky mortgage loans does not grow. Everyone remembers well the history of 2008, the USA, subprime and so on, ”said the head of the Central Bank Elvira Nabiullina in mid-September. As Tatyana Ushkova notes, the range of mortgage banks is narrow – only 10–12 credit institutions work professionally in this segment. They have no goals to issue more loans, all risk models of banks have been adjusted taking into account previous crises, she said. “Therefore, I do not see the risk of creating a mortgage bubble,” sums up Ms. Ushkova.

Olga Sherunkova, Khalil Aminov

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From Airbnb to Idealista: what requirements does the law provide for the apartment that changes from tourist rental to habitual residence? | My rights

The pandemic has paralyzed the rental of tourist apartments. According to a study by Airdna (an analysis website specialized in Airbnb and Vrbo), between 70% and 90% of reservations made on both platforms for the months of March and April in cities around the world were canceled. Forecasts for the future are not much more optimistic. Another report, this time from the Spanish company Transparent calculates that, in the remainder of the year, Airbnb will be able to rent 25% of its homes at its best; at worst, the percentage will drop to 0.98%.

These figures have led many owners to abandon this type of platform and opt for others such as Idealista or Pisos.com, offering their houses for longer stays. The tourist rental has thus taken a leap to that of the season or, even, to that of the habitual residence.

But this change is not so simple. At least, from a legal point of view. Our law regulates properties differently depending on the purpose for which they are intended, and sets different obligations for the owner. Thus, the Law of Urban Leases (LAU) establishes that if the new use is rental of a habitual residence (that is, offering the house to be the tenant’s habitual and permanent address), “the minimum term of the rent will be one year , with the possibility of extending it up to five if the tenant so wishes, ”says Mercedes Ruiz-Rico, partner at Auren Abogados. Thus, even if the contract is foreseen for, for example, two years, the tenant can decide if he wants to continue living in the house for up to three more years, without the owner being able to refuse. If nothing is communicated, the extension is automatically carried out for one year.

During that time, the owner will not be able to modify any of the conditions stipulated in the contract (such as the price, the term, or from which part certain expenses are incurred). Another of the tenant’s rights is to be able to carry out adaptation reforms in the property if they have a disability, as well as the possibility of not paying rent if there are works that prevent living in the house. In addition, the law allows the tenant to leave the home unilaterally after the first six months of starting the contract.

On the other hand, the regulations require the owner “to deposit a deposit equivalent to a monthly rent before the competent Autonomous Administration,” recalls the lawyer, as well as deliver an energy efficiency certificate.

However, Ruiz-Rico recalls that the first step in changing the dwelling for tourist use to another modality consists of “presenting to the competent Administration a responsible declaration communicating the withdrawal of the regime of tourist use of the dwelling”. In regions such as Madrid, this process can be carried out in a on-line through the community website.

Seasonal housing

The second type of lease provided by law is seasonal. This modality is similar to that of tourist use, but it is planned for longer stays, such as renting a beach house for the summer months or an apartment for a student who moves to another city to take a course, for example. In this sense, Ignacio Para, a partner at Lean Abogados, explains that this type of contract does not provide for mandatory extensions, and both parties are obliged to fully comply with what is stipulated in the contract (length of stay, price, etc.).

However, to be eligible for seasonal rental, “there must be a reason that justifies that the tenant needs it for a limited time,” emphasizes the lawyer. The reason must be reflected in the contract in as much detail as possible. This nuance is essential, since, if there is no explanation, “it could be understood that it is a normal rental of a dwelling”, so the corresponding rights and obligations apply. Thus, in this scenario, the tenant would have the right to request an extension when the end date of the contract arrives, and could stay up to five years in the apartment “without the owner being able to refuse”, he warns.

The deposit in this case is at least two monthly installments, “although it can be modified by mutual agreement between the parties,” concludes Para.

The legal maze of tourist apartments

The regulation of rents is a historically complex matter, since it is usually the object of almost constant change by the legislator and requires close monitoring. However, in the case of housing for tourist use, the difficulty is even greater. And it is that the competence in this area corresponds to the Autonomous Communities, giving rise to a normative melting pot in which each region determines different obligations and requirements. Thus, for example, the duration of the lease of these properties will be that freely agreed by the parties, “but respecting the maximum terms that the regional regulations may provide in this regard,” explains Mercedes Ruiz-Rico, of Auren. In the event that it is not expressly provided, it could be understood that the maximum term must be less than one year

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The Government plans to extend extraordinary measures to agricultural employment

The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food,Luis Planas, has reiterated the Government’s intention to extend the extraordinary measures of the royal decree to make agricultural employment more flexible due to the coronavirus crisis until September 30 to guarantee production for agricultural seasons.

“I confirm that I intend that if necessary, which I believe will be, extend the measures of the royal decree until September 30 for greater peace of mind for the entire sector,” Planas said during his appearance at theAgriculture Commissionin the Congress of Deputies.

The head of Agriculture has also advanced that, as of April 30, all the necessary jobs have been filled for the campaigns that are active. “According to the verifications made by the Ministry and themeetings with the autonomous communitiesas of April 30 to the satisfaction of everyone and the campaigns, there were no jobs or activities not covered, “he explained.

Planas has transferred to the deputies in Congress the“central role”It has had the entire food chain and the agri-food sector as “a central pillar” during the Covid-19 crisis, where the primary sector has given “an exemplary response”.

The minister has addressed all the measures adopted by the Government to alleviate the serious impacts that the agri-food industry has encountered in these months due to the pandemic, exacerbated in many agrarian sectors by the closure of the canal.Horecaand due to the displacement limitations caused by the current alarm state.

Sheep and goat sector

In this way, Planas has tackled the complicated situation that the sheep and goat sector is going through, which has suffered an increase in the stock and a sharp drop inprices.

The head of Agriculture has indicated that his Department has promoted in these weeks the export of these products to third countries such asSaudi Arabia,where 100,000 lambs have been exported, to North Africa, to the Emirates or Kuwait.

“It is very important to give a commercial outlet tolamb“He has indicated, while reminding that support measures have been articulated after approving this week the Council of Ministers a package of aid to the sector worth 10 million euros.

With respect tofishing sector, also greatly impacted by the health crisis, Planas stressed that the fleet “works with great difficulty”, to which the fall in prices and consumption has been added, also affected by the closure of bars, restaurants and hotels, although He congratulated that Spanish families “have winked” at the sector “with a step forward” in the consumption of fish in recent weeks.

“Insufficient” Brussels measures

On the other hand, Planas considers that the package of measures announced by theEuropean ComissionTo support the agri-food sector to alleviate the effects of the crisis caused by the coronavirus is “a positive step forward, but insufficient.”

“This is how I will defend it next Wednesday in theCouncil of Ministers of Agricultureof the EU. I think it is positive because the measures are correct, but if we want effective action in this crisis, we have to activate funds and in particular the extraordinary crisis fund, which is there, and should be used, “he stressed.

The holder of Agriculture trusts that the nexttransposition of the community directiveon unfair trade practices it will allow for a “greater rebalancing” in the food chain and will give “more weight” to farmers and ranchers in their negotiating capacity.

On the other hand, Planas considers that the futureCommon Agricultural Policy (CAP)for the period 2021-2027 it will be “fundamental” and claims that Spain has the same funds as in the previous period.

“The CAP is fundamental for our future, it is from the point of view of economic sustainability, because we need profitable farms; at a social level, with the incorporation of young people as a reality and digitization, those related toenvironmental sustainability“he stressed.

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Putin plans to extend restrictions until mid to late May

BY rafael m. doll

Next April 30 will be the last non-working day that President Vladimir Putin decreed at the beginning of the month and which served as the basis for mayors and governors to impose mandatory house confinement in their districts to stop the coronavirus epidemic. And although the rate of infection and death in Russia has decreased in the last three days, no public official not even a medical specialist dares to predict that Russians in May can return to normal life. Everyone assumes that the restrictions will continue, at a minimum, 10 or 15 more days.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitri Peskov said last week that President Vladimir Putin would announce new measures these days and the horizon would be known for next month. But Putin is thinking about it. The experts consider two scenarios: a prolongation of the current situation until May 10 or 15 or decree the entire non-working month, a decision that would mean for much of the country to continue 31 days in a situation of confinement and with the vast majority of businesses closed.

The dilemma is difficult because, depending on whether a more or less time-consuming variant is chosen, health will be jeopardized for the benefit of the economy or vice versa.

Direct | This is how the fight against the coronavirus

In any case, the Russian television channel Dozhd, which quotes a source from the Russian operational committee to fight Covid-19, maintains that “the restrictions will not extend beyond June.” He also assures that the Russian authorities will probably announce first a prolongation of the current state “until a date immediately after the May holidays” and, if necessary in case of a possible worsening of the incidence of the pandemic, it would be extended two or three more weeks.

In Russia no talk yet of de-escalationNo such term has yet been coined to designate the gradual return to normality. However, the control body Rospotrebnadzor has already published on its website the recommendations to follow when the prohibitions on the operation of some establishments begin to be lifted. For example, the cafes, which will eventually start to open, starting with the smallest (no more than 50 square meters) and then gradually until the activity of larger cafes and restaurants is restored.

In the opinion of Melita Vuinovich, WHO representative in Russia, “the contagion rate due to coronavirus in Moscow in the last three days causes us cautious optimism«. In his words, “the situation is stabilizing a little, but we still have to wait.” Vuinovich told the press yesterday that “the transition to a new phase of fighting infection must be done gradually and with great care.” The mayor of moscowSergey Sobianin believes that it’s still early to allow the population go for a walk, beyond the incursions allowed to buy food or medicine, due to the risk of triggering infections again. In turn, the governor of the Moscow region, Andrei Vorobiov, does not rule out that in May the situation with the pandemic could be complicated. The total number of people infected by the coronavirus in Russia is now close to 65,000, and that of the deceased is around 600.

Germany

Germany could exceed the figure of three million unemployed in 2020

  BY JUAN CARLOS BARRENA

BY JUAN CARLOS BARRENA

The number of unemployed in Germany could exceed the figure of the three million unemployed in 2020, according to the Institute of Labor Market Studies (IAB). “This time a clear worsening of unemployment figures is inevitable,” said its director, Enzo Weber, who noted that “if development is unfavorable, the number of unemployed could exceed the three million affected in 2020”. Among the most threatened by the loss of employment, he pointed to those who perform low-paid and low-skilled jobs. Weber called for state aid for those affected and the creation of a rescue umbrella to encourage new hiring, freeing companies for a certain time from paying social security costs, which would be fully borne by the state.

Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn has warned of “Lurking risks” due to the coronavirus pandemic. A “uncertain and insecure situation” reigns, although the dynamics of infections have been slowed down in Germany, the conservative politician said in remarks to the morning newscast on the public network ZDF. Spahn stressed that the smart mobile application to detect possible new chains of contagion will be decisive on the road to a “new daily normality”. In the face of the current crisis, a “pragmatic approach” will be needed in relation to data protection and the right to privacy of individuals. Digital advocates of individual rights have warned against the introduction of an application that centrally accumulates information in a letter sent by six organizations to the federal government.

The Germans must get used to the idea that this year they will not spend their summer holidays in Spain much less in Thailand due to the coronavirus epidemic, said the federal government’s tourism commissioner, Thomas Bareiss, in statements to the public network ZDF. “It is more than unlikely that tourist travel to Spain, Greece or Turkey will resume quickly,” said Bareiss, who commented that EU countries are already studying common concepts and travel standards together to prevent the spread of the virus. The same goes for business trips. The senior German official stressed that intercontinental travel is even more complicated and will be almost impossible to carry out in the coming months due to the many prohibitions and closings of borders and airports that govern many countries on other continents. Thomas Bareiss advised the Germans to get the idea that this summer they will be able to do as much national tourism.

German scientists and doctors fear that the current pandemic has negative consequences for cancer patients. Although until now there have been no shortcomings in treatments to fight cancer, restrictions are beginning to be seen due to the Sars-Covid-19 epidemic, warned from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), the German Cancer Aid and the German Cancer Society. Experts even leave open the possibility of an increase in cancer cases in this country. Treatments are practically guaranteed, said Gerd Nettekoven, president of the Cancer Aid Foundation, but “in the meantime we also note that the care system is appreciably stressed and that restrictions due to the current crisis situation can have negative consequences for cancer patients. “

United Kingdom

The Minister of Health will fulfill his promised tests in his own way

  BY iñigo gurruchaga

BY iñigo gurruchaga

Ministers who parade before the nation at daily press conferences leave their impression on viewers. The one from the Treasury, Rushi Sunak, answers exactly what is asked and that magnetizes the speaker if the question is interesting. The Prime Minister acting Dominic Raab, has been entrusted over the days. The one of Company, Alok Sharma, does not leave a millimeter of the official document.

From the passing of the flamboyant Minister of the Interior, Priti Patel, the number of tests that had been carried out that day will be remembered forever: “three hundred thousand and thirty-four nine hundred and seventy-four thousand.” There had been 334,974. Matt Hancock, from Health, alternates brilliance with triumphalism. As a former Bank of England employee, trust the numbers. But promised, just in case, a round. At the end of this month 100,000 tests would be made daily.

Royal London Hospital workers participate in the applause in support of the toilets
Royal London Hospital workers participate in the applause in support of the toilets / EFE

The Government has created a structure whose testing capacity is growing rapidly; happened this week from 40,000 to 50,000. And it has also created test centers in car parks and other places, some of which are difficult to access if you are ill or do not have a car. Health personnel, social workers, police, … have priority. But only 23,000 daily tests were performed on Wednesday. Perhaps Hancock will have to explain in more detail at the end of the month why this lag.

France

France bets on the mandatory use of face masks in transport for de-climbing

  BY PAULA ROSAS

BY PAULA ROSAS

The face masks will be part of the panorama in French public transport from May 11, when the Government plans to initiate a progressive lack of confidence. Both Prime Minister and President Emmanuel Macron have suggested in recent days that facial protection will most likely be imposed on the population to prevent the spread of the virus. From the Government environment they assure that it only remains to make it official because it is the only solution in an environment where maintaining social distance will be difficult.

Avoiding contacts as much as possible also involves an increase in the frequency of transport. Currently in almost minimal services due to confinement, in recent days they have been detected crowds of people in the Paris metro, where only 30% of the trains are running. By May 11, the public company that manages it wants to increase the frequency to 70%.

It is not clear If the kids, which will retake the school in stages starting on May 11, they must wear masks. The Minister of Health recognizes that it is difficult to get minors to wear them throughout the school day, and he opts more for respecting barrier gestures, such as distancing and hand hygiene. It is not yet clear how this return to school will be carried out, but Macron said yesterday that he will be a volunteer, that is, that there will be parents who may not send their children to school “for a justified reason”, and who will have to follow the course from home, as it is currently done.

The president is also meeting today by videoconference with the hotel, restaurant, tourism and leisure sector to discuss the plan of unconfinement. The sector is one of the most affected by the crisis, with a 91% drop in its activity, and they expect massive state aid in order to survive.

NEXT EAST

Israel authorizes the reopening of hairdressing salons and all street trade

  BY MIKEL AYESTARAN

BY MIKEL AYESTARAN

The Government of Israel decided to continue with the measures to lighten the confinement and it has given the green light to the reopening of hairdressers, beauty salons and all foreign trade, which is not found in shopping malls. The exception within large stores is Ikea, whose centers have reopened in the country and long queues have been recorded. The decision to open the shops of the Swedish giant has been controversial and the Minister of Education, Rafi Peretz, has declared that “Ikea cannot be opened while the schools are still closed.”

This is the second package of measures approved by the Israeli authorities, who will wait another week to see how the situation is and to carry out an evaluation of the statistics. If the results are negative, the measures will be tightened again. The official figures in Israel are 193 dead and almost 15,000 infected.

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Italy rules out prolonging restrictions on companies

The Italian Government does not appear to be prolonging restrictions on economic activities beyond May 3, when the period of confinement ends in principle. In a message published late last night on social networks, Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte assured that the Executive is preparing “a national plan with homogeneous guidelines for all regions” that will allow “reasonably 4 de mayo »resume productive activities.

The vast majority of companies, except those involved in the manufacture and distribution of basic goods and services, have been closed for five weeks now. Confindustria, the Italian employers, calculates in 100,000 million euros the monthly losses for the bolt for the productive sector.

Only bookstores, stationeries, baby clothes stores and some other sectors, such as forestry and the manufacture of food machinery, had an early respite by being allowed to open last Tuesday in much of the country.

Several regional presidents and representatives of heavyweight production sectors in Italy, such as fashion and the automotive industry, are pressing hard on the government to lift restrictions on industries that respect security measures without having to wait for May 4. However, in principle it is not foreseen that next week the deadlines will be advanced for any sector.

In his message on social networks, Conte reported on the meeting held yesterday with representatives of the regions and municipalities to organize the so-called ‘phase two’, ensuring that a plan is being prepared that should guarantee “the maximum security conditions in the workplaces and means of transport “.

In an interview with the newspaper ‘Il Giornale’ published this Sunday, the Prime Minister insisted that the Government is working so that when the restrictions are lifted, “coexistence” with the coronavirus in the coming months can be carried out “under conditions of maximum safety, keeping under control the epidemiological curve and the pressure on the health system ». Conte also considered “unsubstantiated” the news about early reopens in some sectors.

The pandemic is over 175,000 infected and 23,000 dead, although the downward trend in the number of patients hospitalized and admitted to the ICU has been confirmed.

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