Missing students in Mexico: arrest warrants against soldiers

Arrest warrants have been issued against several soldiers six years after 43 students disappeared in Mexico. President promises justice.

Memorial march for the disappeared in Mexico City on Saturday Foto: Rebecca Blackwell/ap

MEXICO CITY dpa | Six years after the disappearance of 43 students in southwest Mexico, arrest warrants have been issued for several suspected soldiers and a federal police officer. “There will be justice”, promised President Andrés Manuel López Obrador on Saturday. There have recently been a number of new investigative approaches. “There will be no impunity,” said State Secretary for Human Rights at the Ministry of the Interior, Alejandro Encinas. “Those responsible will be held accountable.”

On the night of September 27, 2014, 43 students from the Ayotzinapa teacher training college in Guerrero state were abducted by police officers and handed over to the Guerreros Unidos crime syndicate. According to official investigations, the young men were killed and burned in a garbage dump. However, independent studies cast doubt on this version. So far only the bones of two victims have been found. The details and background of the crime are still unclear. Nobody has been convicted to this day.

In memory of the abducted, numerous demonstrators moved from the Independence Monument to the central Zócalo square in the historic city center on Saturday in Mexico City. They chanted: “You took her alive, we want her back alive” and sprayed slogans and the number 43 on the facade of the National Palace

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights recognized progress in the investigation, but also urged the authorities to step up their efforts. Several suspects have recently been released for torture in detention. In Mexico, over 73,000 people have disappeared. During the search for the abducted students alone, 245 bodies of other murder victims were discovered around the town of Iguala in Guerrero – only 22 have so far been identified.

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Corona: Municipalities and counties for more restrictions – politics

Shortly before the meeting of Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) with the state heads of government on the corona crisis on Tuesday, the municipalities are calling for new nationwide restrictions on public life. In view of the increasing corona numbers, the district day advocated a uniform upper limit of 50 people for private parties at the weekend. And the Association of Towns and Municipalities requires an expansion of the mask requirement to busy places and, for example, Christmas markets if there are high numbers of infections.

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The President of the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), Lothar Wieler, has confirmed the impression that many of the new corona infections in Germany can be traced back to private meetings. “At the moment, people are mainly infected in their private sphere, ie at parties, wedding celebrations, funerals, and also in church services,” he said World on Sunday. The private sector plays “the major role”. In contrast, the risk of infection in companies has not been so high, said Wieler. So far, there have also been very few infections in shops, said the RKI boss. There are now some outbreaks in schools. This has to be analyzed well. On Tuesday, Merkel wants to discuss the consequences of the current high number of infections with the Prime Minister.

Lauterbach demands free flu vaccination

The SPD health expert Karl Lauterbach is calling for free flu vaccinations for all insured nationwide due to the corona pandemic this autumn and winter. The member of the Bundestag spoke in the World on Sunday of a “very sensible, low-cost measure”. Because of the pandemic, doctors particularly recommend vaccination against flu this year. However, many providers only cover the costs for patients who belong to a risk group.

Health experts in the Bundestag do not fear that the vaccine could become scarce. “This year, too, the vaccine will be enough – we can afford to make it available to all insured persons free of charge,” said Lauterbach. The spokeswoman for health policy for the Greens, Kordula Schulz-Asche, expressed a similar opinion: “We have to go into the cold season with a preventive strategy in order to prevent rising flu and Covid-19 infections.”

1411 new corona infections registered in Germany on Sunday

As expected, the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) reported a comparatively low number of new corona infections on Sunday. The health authorities had transmitted 1411 cases within one day, as the RKI announced in the morning. Experience shows that the number of cases reported is usually lower on Sundays and Mondays, also because not all health authorities report data to the RKI at the weekend. On Saturday, a significantly higher value was achieved with 2507 new corona infections.

2507 new corona infections – highest value since the end of April

The number of new infections with the corona virus in Germany reached the highest level since April on Saturday. Within one day, the health authorities in Germany reported 2507 new corona infections, as announced by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI). On Friday, the number of newly reported corona cases was 2153.

According to RKI information on Saturday morning, at least 282 730 people in Germany have been proven to have been infected with the Sars-CoV-2 virus since the beginning of the Corona crisis (data as of September 26, 00:00 a.m.). According to the RKI, the number of deaths in connection with a corona infection is 9452. That is nine more than the day before. About 249 700 people survived the infection according to RKI estimates.

The peak of new infections reported daily was at more than 6000 at the end of March / beginning of April. The number then tended to fall and rose again in July. In August, the number of cases was just over 2000 (2034). The number of new infections detected also depends on how many people are tested.

According to RKI estimates in Germany, according to the management report on Friday, the number of reproductions, or R value for short, was 0.91 (previous day: 0.78). This means that an infected person infects slightly less than another person on average. The R-value depicts the infection rate approximately one and a half weeks beforehand. In addition, the RKI gives a seven-day R-value, which is less subject to daily fluctuations. It shows the infection process from 8 to 16 days ago and was last at 1.01 (previous day: 0.97). Accordingly, an infected person infects about one other person on average.

German doctors are increasingly prescribing controversial drugs

The malaria active ingredient hydroxychloroquine, for which US President Donald Trump and Brazil’s head of state Jair Bolsonaro campaigned in the fight against Covid-19 diseases, has a report by Spiegel according to at least temporarily found many followers in Germany. The magazine refers to a preliminary evaluation by the Scientific Institute of the AOK, which includes prescriptions by general practitioners at the expense of statutory health insurance.

As a result, around 704,000 daily doses of hydroxychloroquine had been given in February, and almost 1.06 million in March. This means that the drug was prescribed to almost 10,000 more patients than in the previous month. In April and May these numbers fell again, but remained at a higher level than in the previous year. In June the values ​​were again below the average of the previous year.

Hydroxychloroquine is approved for the therapy of various diseases of the rheumatoid type and for the prophylaxis and treatment of malaria. Its effectiveness against Covid-19 was discussed controversially in spring 2020. In the USA there was an emergency approval for the treatment of Covid-19 at the end of March, in Europe it was never approved for the indication against Covid-19.

Spahn against nationwide mask requirement

Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn has spoken out against a nationwide mask requirement in public places. “From my point of view it makes sense that it actually happens locally, regionally, after the infection,” said the CDU politician on Thursday evening in the ARD “Tagesthemen”. It always depends on what the source of increased numbers of infections is.

“We knew that with the easing that had taken place over the past few weeks and months, the number of infections could rise again,” said Spahn. “The important thing is that we now mainly see where they happen. They don’t happen in retail, not especially in daycare centers and schools, but mainly when partying.” It is therefore correct that the cities and regions where the number of infections has risen particularly sharply took local measures.

Laschet: “Don’t just look at the pure infection numbers”

The North Rhine-Westphalian Prime Minister Armin Laschet has spoken out in favor of a new type of risk assessment in the corona pandemic. “Learning to live with Corona primarily means keeping a close eye on all developments. We must not only look at the pure infection numbers,” said the CDU politician Handelsblatt (Friday).

Laschet called for the capacity of the hospitals and the number of intensive care and ventilated Covid-19 patients to be included more in the assessment of the situation. The same applies to the proportion of traceable infections, the number of tests and the proportion of positive test results. “We need standardized corona monitoring for the whole of Germany, which maps the pandemic development to the specific community,” said Laschet.

Doctors’ representatives consider the Corona warning app to be ineffective

In the fight against the corona pandemic in Germany, medical representatives rate the effectiveness of the warning app as extremely low. “Since the data in the app is not automatically forwarded to the health authorities, this instrument in its current form does not provide us with any great support in quickly fighting and containing corona outbreaks,” said the chairwoman of the Federal Association of Doctors in the Public Health Service , Ute Teichert, the newspapers of the Funke media group. The app plays “almost no role in the everyday work of the German health authorities”.

It is “extremely seldom that an app user contacts us because of a corresponding warning,” said Teichert. Politicians have decided to “put data protection above pandemic protection”. You have to accept this.

Chancellery chief Helge Braun (CDU) described the app as a “great success story” on Wednesday 100 days after it was launched. With around 18 million downloads, it was downloaded more often than all other Corona apps in Europe. According to Health Minister Jens Spahn, almost 5000 users have warned their own contacts with it.

From Teichert’s point of view, it would be helpful if the app had a function with which users could at least voluntarily allow warnings to be passed on directly to the health department. This would mean that the responsible authorities “would be informed much faster about cases of infection and could quickly take measures to contain a corona outbreak. This is a crucial point,” said Teichert. At the moment, however, it is up to the app users whether they report to the health authorities after a registered contact with an infected person. “Whether they actually do it cannot be checked,” said Teichert.

Federal government declares regions in eleven EU countries to be risk areas

The federal government has declared regions in eleven countries of the European Union to be corona risk areas due to the increasing number of infections. This also includes areas in the neighboring countries of Denmark, the Czech Republic, France, Austria and the Netherlands. That comes from the list of the Robert Koch Institute updated on Wednesday evening. In total, 14 of the 27 EU member states are now fully or partially designated as corona risk areas.

Regions in Denmark, Portugal, Ireland and Slovenia were added on Wednesday. In addition, other regions in France, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Croatia, Romania, Austria and Hungary were identified as risk areas. The Foreign Office also issued a travel warning for all of these areas on Wednesday evening.

The Reuters news agency reports that the Federal Foreign Office has issued travel warnings for the Portuguese capital Lisbon and the French regions of Center-Val de Loire, Normandy and Brittany. In addition, warnings are given against unnecessary tourist trips to the Irish capital Dublin and the Czech Republic, with the exception of the Aussiger region (Ústí nad Labem) and the Moravian-Silesian region.

Travelers returning from risk areas must be tested for corona 48 hours before or after entering the country. The travel warning is not a ban, but is intended to have a significant deterrent effect. However, it also has a positive side for consumers: it enables travelers to cancel bookings free of charge.

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Right-wing extremists at security authorities: 350 suspected cases

Hundreds of employees of security authorities are said to be right-wing extremists. This emerges from a confidential paper from the Office for the Protection of the Constitution.

The police in Hesse are particularly suspicious: the police headquarters in Frankfurt am Main Photo: Boris Roessler / dpa

BERLIN afp | According to a report, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV) counts more than 350 suspected right-wing extremism cases in the German security authorities. This is evident from the management report on the topic, which was first prepared, reported the World on Sunday. The document classified as confidential therefore illuminates the period from the beginning of January 2017 to the end of March 2020.

According to the report, the BfV asked the Federal Intelligence Service, the Military Counter-Intelligence Service, the Federal Criminal Police Office, the Federal Police, the 16 state police and the Office for the Protection of the Constitution, which together have around 300,000 employees. The authorities therefore had to fill out a questionnaire on right-wing extremist cases in their homes, which the BfV then evaluated centrally.

Most right-wing extremist suspected cases among the federal states reported according to the World on Sunday Hesse. The interior ministry there explains this by stating that internal investigations have been carried out particularly intensively in this area for two years.

In the state, 59 measures under service and labor law have been carried out in the past three years. Disciplinary proceedings were initiated in 50 of them and 29 were suspended, the newspaper wrote. In eleven cases there were dismissals or non-appointment as civil servants.

In the past few months, right-wing extremist incidents in security authorities had repeatedly caused a stir. Most recently, a right-wing extremist chat group within the police was uncovered in North Rhine-Westphalia. In Leipzig, a police officer is suspected of having “made right-wing extremist and racist remarks” as a participant in a chat, as the Leipzig police department announced on Friday.

The eagerly awaited situation report of the protection of the constitution should be loud World on Sunday to be presented in October. Federal Minister of the Interior Horst Seehofer (CSU) had rejected a study on racism in the police that had been requested by many parties on the grounds that the situation report was currently being prepared.

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Trump’s candidate for the Supreme Court: an ultra-conservative Catholic

Donald Trump nominates Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court. She rejects Obama’s health care reform and abortions.

Sent into the race: Donald Trump and Amy Coney Barrett in the White House on Saturday Photo: Alex Brandon / ap

NEW YORK taz | Donald Trump has fulfilled the wildest dreams of his supporters. On Saturday he nominated Amy Coney Barrett as his candidate for the Supreme Court. The president called the judge “a woman of remarkable intellect and character” and “one of the most gifted legal minds in our nation.” He also thought it appropriate to extol her as a “deeply devoted mother.”

If the Republican majority in the Senate confirms Barrett – what it looks like – the court will get a solid, conservative majority of six to three for the first time in decades. That is enough to overturn or undermine numerous reforms: from the rights of women, immigrants and minorities to social benefits and the Obamacare health care reform. At the same time, it will anchor the highest legal authority in the country, on whose table all contested political projects will eventually end up, well beyond the next presidency. Because the office is for life and Barrett is only 48.

Trump was in a hurry to fill the position vacated by the death of Ruth Bader Ginsburg. The 87-year-old died on Friday of the previous week after a long illness. According to information from her family, she had recently dictated a last will to her granddaughter Clara Spera: “My greatest wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is in office.”

But Trump already promised in his first election campaign in 2016 that he would fill the courts with conservatives who are critical of “Roe versus Wade”. The 1973 landmark ruling gave women in the United States the right to have an abortion. For fundamentalist evangelicals, whose votes Trump needs in November, the abolition – or at least hollowing out – of “Roe versus Wade” is an obsession. With Barrett, Trump could announce the success of the legal crusade that the Republicans in Washington have been preparing for decades. In the past four years he has changed the judicial landscape with the nomination of more than 200 federal judges – including two for the highest court. Regardless of upcoming elections, these judges can determine the direction the country will take in the future. Trump’s judges are young (average age at the nomination: 48 years), the majority white (85 percent) and right-wing.

With the Barrett nomination in the rose garden of the White House, the US president tried to achieve a certain non-partisan gesture. But just a few minutes later, in a communiqué, he described his move with the same words that he also used in the election campaign. In this Barrett is “crucial to make America great again”.

From the other end of the spectrum

As the successor to the left-liberal “RBG”, Barrett would benefit from the fact that the deceased paved the way for women to the top of power. But politically and legally it comes from the extreme other end of the spectrum. Law professor and current appellate judge Barrett is a member of the same conservative Federalist Society as the five conservative men who are already on the Supreme Court. The members of this group claim that they interpret the constitution as it is supposed to have been meant at the end of the 18th century. Barrett calls herself a “textualist” and an “originalist”. The self-determination of women over their bodies, equal rights for homosexuals and the protection of the right to vote for African-Americans did not occur in the minds of the founding fathers. When they wrote their constitution, women had no say in politics and black men and women were slaves.

The Catholic Barrett belongs to the arch-conservative group of charismatic Christians “People of Praise”. And is also one of the lawyers in the anti-abortion group “Faculty for Life”. Freedom of religion is more important to her than the protection of special rights.

After the death of the seriously ill Bader Ginsburg, the Democratic Party asked the Senate to wait until the next president took office before nominating a successor. The Democrats reminded the Republican Senate leader Mitch McConnell that he himself refused to even hear Obama’s candidate to succeed the late Judge Antonin Scalia in the 2016 election year. McConnell argued at the time that the Supreme Court could not be replaced so close to the elections. Scalia died eight months before the 2016 elections, Bader Ginsburg just six weeks before the upcoming elections.

To McConnell and almost all other Republicans, positioning the Supreme Court to the right is more important than the slogan that they themselves issued years ago. Currently, only two Republican Senators are considering not voting on the Supreme Court before the election. Even without these two, Republicans have enough votes to confirm Trump’s judge.

Democrats lack a strategy

The Democratic Party, which a few days ago was optimistic about the upcoming elections, has had its back to the wall since the death of “RBG”. The party does not yet have a political strategy to prevent Barrett’s confirmation in the Senate. Your presidential candidate Joe Biden only appeals to the “conscience” of the Republican Senators. Other democrats are threatening to increase the number of members of the supreme court in the future (a step that is controversial in democratic ranks).

Left groups and civil rights organizations warn that Barrett’s affirmation jeopardizes many rights and makes overdue reform projects a seemingly unreachable distance. With a solid conservative majority in the court, the financial influence of corporations over politicians will grow, if no support for environmental and climate policy is to be expected, the gun lobby can prepare for long-term support from the very top and will become outdated institutions from the early years of USA originated – like the Electoral College, which elects the US President – will remain untouched.

The Republicans in the Senate want to start the Barrett hearings on October 12th and confirm them a few days before the November 3rd elections. If it works, she could have a say in Obama’s most important reform project, health care reform, just a week after the elections. In the year of the pandemic, which has already cost more than 200,000 lives in the US, it could cost millions of people health insurance. And if the result of the presidential election is challenged in court – which can be assumed – Barrett, as judge, would also have a say in the decision of the next president of the USA.

Despite their opposition to Barrett, the Democrats must adopt a more cautious tone towards her than they did when Trump was last nominated for the Supreme Court. Unlike Brett Kavanaugh, who was not a good exponent of his own cause in the face of rape allegations, Barrett has a winning demeanor. With this, and with cleverly chosen answers and omissions, the lawyer already impressed in 2017 when she was nominated to an appeals court.

On Saturday, she came to the ceremony with her husband and seven children – including two adopted children from Haiti. The only faux pas: The youngest child, who has Down syndrome, did not come on stage for the final group photo with the president and his wife.

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Prantls Blick – The thing with the new federal states – politics

Every Sunday, Heribert Prantl, columnist and author of the SZ, deals with a topic that will be relevant in the coming week – and sometimes beyond. Here you can also order “Prantls Blick” as a weekly newsletter – exclusively with his personal reading recommendations.

How long is the new new? It depends on. The new newspaper is old the next day. It takes a little longer with the new sweater. With the new iPhone too. But the new apartment and the new house are still new even after the iPhone is old again. And an industrial plant is new until it is written off for tax purposes. Perhaps that is one reason why the new federal states are still called new federal states: Because these federal states are not written off, but are still being adapted to the west of the Federal Republic within the framework of the “Aufbau Ost” program.

Are the new federal states still new?

In any case: Hardly anything else in the world has been new for as long as the new federal states. The children who were born when these new federal states became the new federal states are now thirty years old. They are no longer new people, just young people. The reunified Germany will celebrate its birthday next Saturday – it will be thirty years old. And there will still be talk of the new federal states at the celebrations and in the speeches. But maybe that’s simply because you can’t think of a better name. As long as that is the case, the states of Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia will remain the five new federal states. Perhaps the Federal Agency for Civic Education should start a competition to find a better name. Otherwise the new federal states are still called that on their fiftieth and hundredth birthday.

New is usually a word that has music in it. New is usually good, new is modern, new is better than old. What is new does not have to be justified. It’s justified because it’s new. As I said: new is good; new is sustainable; old is questionable, new is in demand. The old has a question mark, the new an exclamation mark: The new woman! The new man! The new structure! The new image! The new software! The new virtues! The new is considered modern, fit, fresh, unusual, unheard of, up-to-date and just in time. What is interesting about the designation “new federal states” is therefore that there is also something deficient in connection with “new”, at least in the west of the republic – something has to be developed there, something has to be built up.

Horst Dieter Schlosser, literary scholar, initiator and spokesman for the “Unwort des Jahres” campaign, believes that the main reason for the tenacity of the word “new federal states” is our convenience: “It’s like the sunrise. We still call it that, although since It has long been clear that the earth does not revolve around the sun. “

A political harvest festival

Such thoughts come to me next Saturday, which is not a normal Saturday. It’s a holiday; a black-red-gold festival day, a political harvest festival: on October 3rd, Germany pauses and celebrates thirty years of German unity.

October 3: The date of this holiday has been rumored because it is a technical date, not an emotional one. That’s also true: October 3rd, 1990 was the day of the legal execution of what had already been decided; On this day in 1990, the GDR’s accession to the Basic Law, approved by the People’s Chamber, became legally effective. The federal flag was hoisted in front of the Reichstag, the national anthem was played, fireworks were set off; Speeches were given in the Philharmonie. October 3, 1990 was a day of harvesting what the people had sown a year earlier, in October 1989.

Wrong date: The actual festival day is not October 3rd, but October 9th

On October 3, we actually celebrate October 9: the third of October has its roots, its original reason, on October 9, 1989, in the Monday demonstrations in Leipzig. The SED officials had expected a few thousand demonstrators at the time. There were seventy thousand; Civil rights activist Friedrich Schorlemmer recalls that they did not know that they would be seventy thousand, otherwise it would have been three hundred thousand. It was their courage that started it all: every participant had to reckon with the worst. In June 1989, Erich Honecker had forced the GDR People’s Chamber to applaud the Chinese party leadership because they had massacred their opposition on the “Square of Heavenly Peace”. But October 9th in the GDR remained peaceful; so more, even larger, demonstrations followed; demonstrations took place in 200 locations. The destabilization of the regime gained momentum.

Appropriation of the peaceful revolution by the West German elite

The West Germans did not perceive it all so intensely because they were not there, because the images of the Monday demonstrations in the West were not as powerful as those of the fall of the Berlin Wall. But none of this was achieved by West Germans, that was not yet Helmut Kohl’s success. October 9, 1989, the storming of the German Bastille, was an East German affair, not directed and directed from the West. This direction and direction came later, when the unit was organized the way it was organized – by contract and accession. This is what the 3 October stands for, for the organization, for the guidance and direction of German unity; This October 3rd date also stands for the appropriation of the revolution by the West German elite. But the core of October 3, 1990 remains October 9, 1989. It is the day of the German miracle.

From revolutionary magic drink to national brew

Thirty years of revolutionary history: This is a story that begins with the prayers for peace in Leipzig’s Nikolaikirche and which hopefully does not end with the “We-are-the-people” shouts from Pegida and the AfD. The revolutionary magic drink from 1989/1990 turned into a völkisch brew in 2020, with racism as a flavor note. There is a lot of sales, the AfD praises it. The perversion of revolutionary change into a reactionary trade is to be lamented, but one that attracts quite a few citizens.

German moon landings

The German miracle: there were few days like this in German history. There is the democratic revolution of 1848 and there is the democratic revolution of 1989 – I like to refer to them as the German moon landings. They were spectacular achievements that were hardly made useful for democracy. The unique thing about the revolution of 1989 was this: some did not hang anyone, others did not shoot. And Egon Krenz, Honecker’s successor, did not fulfill the fears placed in him. That too should be honored on Unity Day. One can also include in the celebrations those who, for whatever reason, did not shoot. There has been too many shooting in Germany. Let us be pleased that this did not happen on the turning point in recent German history.

Let’s look forward to the thirtieth birthday of the reunified Germany. Let’s hope for a united Europe.

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Wolfgang Clement is dead – politics

The former Federal Minister of Economics and North Rhine-Westphalian Prime Minister Wolfgang Clement is dead. The 80-year-old died peacefully in his bed at home in Bonn early on Sunday morning with his family, the German press agency learned from the family. The New Westphalian had previously reported.

The New Social Market Economy initiative also confirmed Clement’s death. The former SPD politician, who last supported the FDP, was chairman of the network’s board of trustees. FDP boss Christian Lindner tweeted on Sunday: “The FDP mourns the loss of Wolfgang Clement. As a social liberal, he campaigned for social advancement, work and growth throughout his life.”

Badly marked by illness

At the end of August, Clement had come to a dinner from Prime Minister Armin Laschet (CDU) for the 74th birthday of NRW. His illness – he suffered from lung cancer – had already marked him by then.

When Clement turned 80 on July 7th, the former Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (SPD) told the German Press Agency: “Wolfgang Clement made a big political difference, in North Rhine-Westphalia as well as at the federal level.” Schröder went on to say: “I gave him great credit for giving up the office of Prime Minister in 2002 and accepting the post of Federal Minister for Economics and Labor in my cabinet.” Together with the head of the Federal Chancellery at the time, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, he was one of the key players who designed the 2010 reform agenda, said Schröder.

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Torn France: The stressed country

Five years after the attack on Charlie Hebdo and the November terror: France is in a deep identity crisis.

Illustration: Katja Gendikova

It is a serious and heated discussion in France: How do you dress for school? Belly-free is not possible, say stick conservatives. This clothing debate now appears even more bizarre than usual against the devastating background of a second corona wave with high case numbers and strict regional restrictions, which are protested by those responsible there because they are not allowed to participate in decision-making. The new bans severely weaken the “France Relance” plan recently announced by President Macron and the government under the new Prime Minister Castex to revive the corona-plagued economy. But they are not yet comparable to the repressive nationwide lockdown in spring. The state currently wants to avoid it at all costs and therefore appeals to the citizens: internal reason, please (and properly dressed) not to overdo it with the beloved savoir vivre.

The unfortunate clothes debate, it appears like a lost piece of a French society puzzle. It is a jigsaw puzzle in which a nation that has been stressed on various levels has come to a standstill. So how torn can jeans be in the classroom? Education Minister Blanquer from the ruling LREM party is seriously calling for a “tenue républicaine”, whatever it may be – perhaps a floor-length tricolor for Elev: inside in the national colors, one would not seriously throw in. Under the hashtag # lundi14septembre, students recently campaigned vehemently not to allow short skirts and co. To be banned anywhere.

Instead of calling out solidarity and laissez-faire in unison in a community that claims freedom on paper, there are contradicting signals from society and politics. Here people, mostly men, who cling to traditional conventions, ultimately work on a figure of thought that never existed in reality, even before 1968: good old France, France, in which women and girls, depending on each other They knew how to behave in a flirtatious to “decent” situation, men were still “real”, seductive men, and the many immigrants, mostly from the former French colonies, were obediently ghettoized.

Of course, France has not only been harboring social explosives since the appearance of the yellow vests at the end of 2018. That phenomenon, like the uprisings in ailing French suburbs as early as 2005, shows, however, as if in a burning glass, resource and distribution struggles. And: excessive violence by protesters and the often racist state power. This complicated social situation has nothing to do with the republican pathos that President Emmanuel Macron avidly serves in everyday life. It is characterized by frustration and feelings of inferiority on the one hand and elitism on the other.

New breaks in society

The former editor-in-chief of the German edition of Charlie Hebdo, Romy Strassenburg, recently said succinctly in a taz interview (when the trial of the Islamist-motivated attack on the satirical newspaper began) that the French dose horribilis In 2015, with its big questions about identity, religion and terror, it was replaced to some extent by new questions that revealed new breaks within society. The public focus is now less on the detached, radicalized young Muslims, but more on a frustrated white lower class in peripheral urban areas who do not shy away from violence. France, according to Strassenburg, “is probably even further away from social unity or pacification than in 2015”. Now on Friday two journalists were caught in a knife attack near the former office of Charlie Hebdo injured. Identify anti-terrorist units; it remains uneasy – also on the subject of Islamism.

After the Islamist attack in front of the former seat of the satirical newspaper “Charlie Hebdo” in Paris, the main suspect confessed to the crime. The man arrested after the attack was taking “responsibility for his act,” it said on Saturday, September 26th. from investigative circles. As a motive he named the republication of controversial Mohammed caricatures by “Charlie Hebdo”, which he “could not stand”. (afp)

In early September Macron gave a speech at the Panthéon in Paris, where many French celebrities are buried. The tenor of the speech: The values ​​of the French Republic such as freedom, equality, fraternity and secularism are “indivisible”. And in a discourse in mid-June after the second major Parisian anti-racism demo, Macron actually said: “This fight is unacceptable if it is captured by separatists.” You have to act against racism, anti-Semitism and discrimination, but please don’t . How then? The country clearly has problems with the acceptance of its state organs – and people who think critically about it are pilloried.

France is drifting apart at critical points. And the monetary gap between the poor and the rich is growing steadily. Social housing, for example, has become noticeably less under Macron. A so-called tax on the rich never came. Whether there is good education and good support often depends on the “right” address – and the qualification at an elite institution – in the centrally managed hexagon, which is strongly geared towards the president. Those who apply for jobs, for example, often fall through the grid due to their non-French sounding name and origin from suburbs that are considered desolate.

System of inequality

Only recently, the powerless, conservative human rights representative of the government, Jacques Toubon, recalled that the “system of France” as a whole must be called into question: “a system that creates and maintains inequalities”. For people who do not look French and / or are not materially well off, “the republic does not keep its promises”.

This condition existed before Macron, but contrary to his promises, almost nothing has happened under him in terms of social and appreciative opportunities for advancement. That Macron is meant, who in his 2017 election campaign with the movement La République en Marche (LREM) like Kai aus der Kiste successfully advocated a France “beyond right and left and on the move”, the man who supported the socialists and the conservatives largely cannibalized to this day. That Macron, who in his election campaign was emphatically social democratic and multicultural. And now, in view of the likely final electoral duel in 2022 between him and Marine Le Pen, the head of the Rassemblement National, strategically moves ever further to the right in his domestic political agenda. Garnished with wishy-washy slogans like “Look ahead and don’t leave anyone behind”.

This mix now drives quite a few in the party into dismal perplexity; the mood is bad and trench warfare at LREM. Several MPs have left the National Assembly and Pierre Person, LREM Deputy Chair, has recently resigned. Aurore Bergé, a more conservative MP, recently warned in The world: “Our movement is in a real malaise. We no longer know who we are and what we stand for. ”What the self-absorbed“ Roi Macron ”probably doesn’t care about – for him, technocratic and vertical governance is more important. He sees movement as a vehicle for power.

Socialists as good as dead

The opposition parties, which are heavily revolving around themselves, and the first visible successes on the Franco-German EU axis after a long time are not (yet) making things really uncomfortable for Macron. The Parti Socialiste (PS) is as good as dead and is only discussing the question of whether it would not be smart to gather behind the Greens (EELV), which were very successful in the last European and local elections. But EELV is clumsy at the national level. Does the party even want to gain power, does it want its own presidential candidate?

The Greens are neither trying to clarify their relationship to liberalism, nor are they clear about whether they are striving for a radical, more emotional course or a more rational, moderate one in the future. And two influential figures at EELV, the Grenoble mayor Éric Piolle and the EU parliamentarian Yannick Jadot, are not green in the truest sense of the word. Cooperation with the conservative Republican Party (LR), also divided and divided, is, unlike black-green options in this country, zero issue for both sides. And then there is Jean-Luc Mélenchon, head of the left-wing movement La France insoumise, who is perfect in populist rhetoric. But since neither the Greens nor the Socialists will agree on him as a presidential candidate, the left will probably remain disparate for the time being, unless a left-wing party with a majority for a change is founded.

In contrast to Germany, where due to the electoral system and the federalist principle, a new party cannot march through from a standing start, in France it is much easier to bundle moods and sensitivities in one movement at the national level, see LREM. If Macron, as the most powerful in the state and the current government, does not slowly succeed in defusing the social explosives with rationality and foresight, the mood, which is doubly stressed by Corona, can brusquely tip. The country would then experience a violent reprint of the yellow vests or similar social, thoroughly heterogeneous movements. As a precaution, the national anthem, the bloodthirsty Marseillaise from the days of the revolution, is sung at demos of all stripes.

The republic – it is currently stressing the people in France. She doesn’t let go of her.

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40 years of the Munich Oktoberfest attack: the first right-wing lone perpetrator

September 26th marks the anniversary of the crime. The worst terrorist attack in the history of the republic remains unsolved.

The mug shot of the Bavarian LKA from 1980 shows a photomontage by the 21-year-old student Gundolf Köhler Photo: Handout Polizei / dpa / picture alliance

As early as 1982, when Attorney General Rebmann stopped the investigation for the first time and presented Gundolf Köhler as a frustrated, lovesickly afflicted individual without political motives, a number of disagreements put this decision into question.

As if preprogrammed, the investigations at the time resulted in the thesis of the apolitical individual perpetrator. This is also made clear by the interrogations of Köhler’s friends. The investigators asked extensively about sexual preferences and romantic relationships. Questions about political background or contacts with right-wing groups, on the other hand, were asked rather sporadically and hardly followed up in detail.

Despite these tendentious investigations, it was completely obvious that Gundolf Köhler adhered to anti-Semitic, National Socialist and racist ideas and did not hold back with them. In the interviews there was repeated mention of a picture of Hitler over the bed or of statements against Jews.

Over the years, thanks in particular to victim lawyer Werner Dietrich and journalist Ulrich Chaussy, more and more contradictions came to light, of which the missing hand is probably the most prominent. Said hand was found at the crime scene after the explosion. Then as now, the investigators attributed it to Gundolf Köhler.

Internal betrayal

But that cannot be: Serologically it could not be assigned to the assassin and, in contrast to the rest of Koehler’s body, no traces of the bomb component nitrocellulose were found on the hand. Finally, a former BKA explosives expert came to the conclusion that the hand, which was barely damaged by burn marks, could not have come from Koehler because his hands and forearms were probably torn into tiny pieces by the force of the explosion.

Today, a DNA examination of the hand could determine whether it came from Koehler – but both the hand and the forensic medical report were made to disappear in the course of the investigation.

In 2014, the Federal Prosecutor finally gave in to the pressure and resumed the investigation into the Oktoberfest attack. However, the results with which she announced the hiring five years later are thin. It is true that the strategically communicated figures of the many surveys conducted and did not check traces of their target and were found in almost every press article. But the amount of individual investigative measures cannot outweigh what the investigations as a whole failed to do.

So the question arises why the Federal Prosecutor’s Office entrusted the Bavarian LKA with the investigation instead of the Federal Criminal Police Office, and thus precisely the institution that had carried out the original investigation without success. Bearing in mind the obvious assumption that these investigations were severely disrupted and influenced, for example, by the theft of evidence or the betrayal of internal investigations, this decision seems simply wrong.

Linked to this is a second omission: the resumed investigations did not deal with the errors of the first special commission as an independent investigation objective. However, this omission is incomprehensible in view of such fundamental errors as the disappearance of the hand. For what motives, with what effects, to what extent and with whose participation the investigations were sabotaged in the 1980s, was never the subject of the resumed proceedings – another knowingly missed chance to clear up the background to the attack.

Destroyed traces

The investigators were also unable to identify possible accomplices and associates of Köhler. The men in the green parkas, who were observed by various witnesses talking to Koehler immediately before the explosion and shortly afterwards on the run from the crime scene, remain unknown, as is the young woman with whom other witnesses saw Koehler at the scene. The traces from Köhler’s car are also puzzling: Who owned the green parka that was found in the car, to whom did the 48 cigarette butts of different brands and with different saliva accumulations belong? A DNA comparison is also ruled out here; the traces were destroyed.

The press release closes with the succinct statement “that questions remained open and that individual issues could not be fully ascertained or assessed”. These open questions and the failure of the highest investigative authority, which is badly concealed in this sentence, should form the core of the assessment, because the open questions touch the core of the subject. Who were the men Koehler was seen with just before the explosion? How was the bomb detonated, how did Koehler get the explosives, where and by whom was the bomb built? Who did the hand found at the crime scene belong to and who made it disappear?

A look at Italy shows that it is not a law of nature that investigations must remain inconclusive after 40 years. Later that year, the right-wing terrorist Gilberto Cavallini was sentenced to life imprisonment for providing logistical support to the attackers in the 1980 attack on Bologna train station.

It borders on insolence that 40 years after the bloody attack in Munich, on the one hand, not having contributed anything to the investigation and at the same time proclaiming the banality that the act was politically motivated.

The lone perpetrator

The termination of the investigation is a scandal. It reveals the entitlement of the bereaved, the injured and the dead to the investigation of the crime and the determination of the guilty. This claim remains unpaid. The attitude is also momentous in that it is historiography and thus works equally in the past and present. She contributes to the construction of a historical figure that never existed and that still causes damage today: the right-wing lone perpetrator.

The decision is doing the historical subject an injustice, because weighty circumstances indicate that Köhler did not act alone. It also contributes to the fact that present and future right-wing terrorism is not understood as the work of networks. Victims remain unpunished and perpetrators unknown.

The attack on the Munich Oktoberfest on September 26, 1980 remains unsolved and challenges us. Bertolt Brecht’s sentence applies: “Only as much truth prevails as we enforce.”

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Tightened corona lockdown in Israel: Bibi is aiming for an emergency

The government has extended the lockdown. She has not yet been able to restrict the right to demonstrate – the anti-Netanyahu protests continue.

Lockdown patrol at the Tel Aviv booth. And all because Bibi wants to be quiet Photo: dpa

TEL AVIV taz | Actually it should be quiet this Saturday evening in front of the residence of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. The tightened lockdown regulations, which came into force on Friday noon, were initially intended.

Instead of the tens of thousands who have been calling for the prime minister’s resignation for months in front of Netanyahu’s official residence, given his corruption process and his failure in the corona crisis, only a maximum of 2000 people could have demonstrated – in capsules of 20 people each. In addition, it would have been forbidden to drive more than a kilometer to reach a demonstration.

But in the end it should be loud this Saturday evening too. Because to limit protests significantly, a change in the law is required, which the government could no longer bring through the Knesset on Friday. The declaration of an emergency, which Netanyahu and Minister of Health Yuli Edelstein aimed at on Friday noon, also failed for the time being. A state of emergency would ban all gatherings, including the anti-Netanyahu protests, until the Knesset can pass a law change next week.

There is massive criticism not only of the attempt to declare a state of emergency, but also of the tightening of the lockdown. Numerous Netanyahu opponents believe that the tougher regulations are primarily based on political intentions: to limit public expressions of displeasure against the Prime Minister or to prevent them entirely.

“All citizens of Israel know,” said an anti-Netanyahu protest group’s statement, “that the real and only reason Netanyahu is pushing so hard for a lockdown that restricts prayers on Yom Kippur and the self-employed and businesses at large Desperate country that are demonstrations in Balfour, which shows its failure and the failure of the government in dealing with the crisis. “

“I have to take anti-emetics”

This assumption can be heard not only on the street and from the opposition, but also from experts in the health care sector and not least from Ronni Gamzu, who was only appointed Corona officer by Netanyahu at the end of July. “It’s disgusting, I have to take anti-emetics,” Gamzu is said to have said, according to Israeli TV station Channel 13.

According to the broadcaster, Gamzu also said that the debate about stricter regulations only began when legal experts informed Netanyahu that it was impossible to prevent protests against him while large parts of the country remained open. This is how the U-turn came about, with which Netanyahu suddenly argued for a complete lockdown.

Gamzu not only criticized Netanyahu’s motivation, but also the new regulations themselves. On Thursday morning, he said that although he had recommended a partial tightening of the previous lockdown, “but not to shut down the entire country.”

The new regulations came into force on Friday at 2 p.m. Almost all shops had to be closed, public transport drastically cut back, outgoing flights canceled. There are strict instructions to stay close to where you live.

The number of new corona infections in Israel reached a new record of 8,178 on Friday, which would mean well over 70,000 new infections per day in Germany.

The various groups calling for the anti-Netanyahu protests are meanwhile at odds over how to conduct the demonstrations during the extended lockdown and in the face of the rapid rise in corona infections. Some called for car convoys or for small numbers to demonstrate near their own homes – “so as not to make excuses for the failing Netanyahu government.”

Others announced that they would move in front of the prime minister’s residence on Saturday evening. These in turn are divided into those who want to demonstrate “in accordance with the guidelines of the Ministry of Health and while maintaining social distance” and those who do not care about any rules of distance because they are simply fed up with Netanyahu’s politics.

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Lindner, Merz and Discrimination: The Sexism In Us

Christian Lindner and Friedrich Merz knock old man’s sayings at the expense of women and homosexuals. They hope for an audience that will approve of such statements.

Grin, art break, totally unintentional. Simply old in thinking: Christian Lindner and Friedrich Merz Photo: David Charisins / dpa

It was a week of linguistic lapses. First Christian Lindner humiliated the general secretary Linda Teuteberg, who had been killed by him, at the FDP party congress with a sexist “joke”: he had started his day with Teuteberg 300 times, he said, took a break to catch laughter in the audience and then followed up : “I speak about our daily morning phone call about the political situation. Not what you think now. “

CDU man Friedrich Merz made a similar misstep when, when asked whether he could imagine a gay chancellor, he linked homosexuality with child abuse. Everything in 2020. Weren’t we already further?

The interesting thing is that both statements came across as surprisingly backward-looking, but at the same time so everyday and “heard a thousand times” – it was just everyday sexism and everyday homophobia par excellence. The fact that Lindner and Merz both felt misunderstood in retrospect is only an expression of their permanent self-infliction.

Nevertheless, it is too easy to dismiss Merz and Lindner as yesterday and to claim that the rest of society is already further. The degradation of others is a tried and tested means of maintaining power. It’s also like this: Friedrich Merz is running for the chairmanship of the CDU – and his polls are not too bad. And Lindner is still the FDP leader, even if his party is currently not soaring.

These men are not just from the present, they may also be men of the future. It is far from clear that these escapades necessarily lead to poor approval ratings. Considering the Trump principle, the opposite could also happen.

Progress is not necessarily linear; all social achievements can also be lost again

Lindner and Merz are both rhetorically trained and not new to politics. Both apparently assume that there is an audience that approves of such sayings. It is therefore not exaggerated to deal with these apparently only spoken words. The public can and should ask politicians not to discriminate against anyone with words.

“Anyone who wants Merz as their chancellor and Lindner as their deputy wants a rollback to the 1950s,” criticized SPD General Secretary Lars Klingbeil. But it is dangerous to locate the two men in a past that is long gone.

It was not 1950, but 2001, when Klaus Wowereit was the first top politician to openly address his homosexuality with his sentence “I am gay – and that’s a good thing!”. In 2005 Angela Merkel became the first woman to be elected to the Chancellery. Both moments were milestones in emancipation. But progress is not necessarily linear; all social achievements can also be lost again.

Narrowing the problem only to the two people Merz and Lindner or the CDU and the FDP obscures the view of the whole picture. The fact that today gay and lesbian politicians can act more naturally in political operations without having to cover up this part of their identity, and that women occupy ministerial posts does not mean that everyone lives non-discriminatory.

Despite legal achievements, sexism, homophobia and trans-hostility are still common – in all social milieus, in all parties. Anyone who claims otherwise is misunderstanding the reality of life for those affected.

There is also discrimination in left, progressive circles. Identifying Merz and Lindner as culprits can also serve to just make sure that you are on the right side. But perhaps this only reveals the discrepancy between modern social discourse and a society that is not as progressive as some would like it to be.

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