Poles rebel against the government: Quit in Warsaw

Only the tightening of the abortion law by the Constitutional Court enraged the Poles. Then new corona restrictions were added.

Nocturnal protest in Krakow against the tightening of abortion law in Poland Photo: reuters / Jakub Wlodek

WARSAW taz | Ambulances rush through Warsaw with deafening sirens. “Tomorrow we’ll be in there,” a sprightly old Polish woman exclaims and walks towards waiting passers-by at the zebra crossing. “Heart attack, stroke, corona – it doesn’t matter! The hospitals are already full. No more space for us! ”She calls out. But only a young man with a bald head and tattoos on his neck reacts. He briefly pulls his face mask on his chin and yells with a bright red face: “Get out of here! Go home! You have no business being on the street! ”The old woman holds out her finger.

On Friday, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki declared all of Poland a high-risk zone. Children should only go to school up to third grade, restaurants and pubs are closed, weddings are prohibited, and people over 70 are no longer allowed to leave the house. Not only for them, but also for many others, the prohibitions and restrictions are almost unbearable. Anger and aggression increase.

“Fuck off!” Shouted Metro passengers at the police officers, who demand identification documents from anyone who does not wear the face mask properly. At the exit of the Heiligkreuz station, controls are particularly tight. Fines and criminal charges are hailing. A young woman with long blond hair, who pulled the mask over her nose too late, angrily rummages for her identification papers.

She points out the homeless man on a park bench to the police: “Why don’t you take care of him? Where is his mask? Oh, he doesn’t have any? Can you see the festering wound on his leg and the puddle of urine under the bench? ”But the police remained unmoved. One says: “The city police take care of the bums. We are subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior. “

Nightly demos in front of Kaczyński’s residence

Other Metro passengers who have gathered around the young woman begin to grumble loudly. All wear the prescribed masks. One of them yells: “Take the man away!” More and more agree: “Take the man away!” And push the policemen to the bank with the homeless patient as a closed crowd. Then the crowd strives apart again. Everyone goes his own way.

At night, the anger against the national populists who have been in power since 2015 from the Law and Justice Party (PiS) breaks out even more violently. Despite the ban on Corona demonstrations – only gatherings of five people are allowed – tens of thousands of demonstrators march in front of the houses of party leader Jarosław Kaczyński from the Law and Justice Party (PiS) and Prime Minister Morawiecki, as well as the PiS headquarters.

On Thursday, the Constitutional Court controlled by the PiS declared a paragraph of the Family Planning Act of 1993 to be unconstitutional, thereby further tightening Poland’s already very restrictive abortion law.

In the event of a severely deformed fetus, Polish women will no longer be able to decide for themselves whether to carry the pregnancy to term. You have to. The “dignity of the unborn child” should be set higher than the “psychological comfort” of a woman, argued the applicant from the PiS.

Corona hospital in the national stadium

On Friday there was a new Corona record in Poland with almost 16,000 new infections. And just one day later, Morawiecki announced the new bans: children up to third grade should go to school, everyone else should study online, people over 70 must stay at home, all restaurants and pubs are closed, weddings are prohibited, etc.

On state television, the former public broadcasting service, there were reports of success like from the era of real socialism. President Andrzej Duda hurried through the new field hospital in the national stadium, his chest swollen with pride, past dozens of ancient beds and musty mattresses.

When Duda reported on Twitter that he had tested Corona-positive, the ridicule was not long in coming: many Poles wished him “a good recovery in the national stadium”.

The architect Maria N. has a burning grave candle in her hand. She wants to park them in front of Kaczyński’s house. She slowly goes “for a walk” with her friends at Invalidenplatz in Zoliborz – this is still allowed in Corona times. “How can he do this to us? He has no family, no children. But he delivers us to hell. With what right?

Kaczyński incapacitates Poland’s women

In the past, Kaczyński did not want to tackle the sensitive issue of abortion again, but now the application of a PiS hardliner to the Constitutional Court has passed him. Hardly anyone in Poland doubts that it was he who pressed the President of the Constitutional Court to bring the hearing forward.

“The candle is for my child,” says Maria N. “I lost it. Nature decided for me. But I had to decide whether I should have the child or not. “

Her friend Zuzanna K. distributes leaflets – also to the police officers who cordon off a large area of ​​Kaczyński’s house. You can see a gynecological chair, a woman’s legs and, instead of the doctor, Kaczyński. He says: “You have nothing more to say about birth issues.” Zuzanna K. nods: “We have her back in Poland – torture!”

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brief journey through the long history of self-pleasure

S. C.

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A few years ago, in 2015 specifically, some Polish archaeologists were excavating in a latrine of a swordsmanship school in Gdańsk and unexpectedly found a “in excellent condition” sex toy dating back 250 years. The location and shape of this 18th century “Satisfyer” suggested that it was used for personal pleasure. Measuring 20 centimeters, built with bristle-filled leather and finished in a wooden point, this discovery was an “extraordinary find for people who investigate the history of erotica.” But it is almost a modern object, because the history of these objects has accompanied mankind almost forever.

In fact, physical representations of the phallus have existed for thousands of years. The oldest recovered artifact of this form was found in the Paleolithic. Because for thousands of years, phallic objects were used as a symbol to increase fertility and ward off evil spirits, but, also, their use as sexual aids has a very long history …

In Germany, in 2005, a 28,000-year-old stone phallus was found at the Hohle Fels site, which is recognized as the oldest known “sex toy” ever found. The significance of the find lay both in the scarcity of representations of male genitalia and in its extraordinary antiquity. “Female representations with very pronounced sexual attributes are numerous in many excavations, however those of male genitalia are extremely rare,” explained the project’s chief researcher, Professor Nicholas Conard.

Regarding the debate on whether this artifact was used for personal pleasure or for a religious purpose, Conard and researchers relied upon underlining its status as an erotic toy on the fact that its measurements (20 centimeters) were close to those of an erect penis, plus it was polished to a high degree. The phallus had to be rebuilt in 14 parts because it was found in very poor condition.

Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Chinese …

As “Ancients-Origin” recalls, historical references to sex toys go back millennia. Both Roman and Greek men and women are known to use phallic objects for pleasure. In “Lysistrata” (411 BC), Aristophanes talks about a woman’s mission to end the Peloponnesian war and writes that women argue about the use of sex toys to deny their husbands sex in an effort to stop the war.

And the Middle East, the historical records refer to Egyptians using resin coated camel feces, as firm as it is soft, as a sexual aid. In “The Arabian Nights” dildos are said to be made of intricately carved gold, silver, or ivory, “Ancients-Origins” also tells. And it is believed that the Greeks were the first to use leather or animal intestines to cover a sculpted penis, to make it appear more natural.

Also, for example, the one estimated as one of the first references to oral sex in history is included in an Egyptian myth and has to do with a clay penis. After the god Osiris was killed and dismembered by his brother Seth (the evil one), his wife and daughter traveled around the world collecting all the pieces of Osiris’s body. Not finding his manly member, his wife sculpted a penis in claya, attached him to her body and brought him back to life through fellatio. And one of the strangest objects found by ancient Egyptian archaeologists is a primitive dildo made from the remains of a sperm whale penis. It is also said that Cleopatra was the inventor of the first vibrator in history, but there is really no historical evidence to support it.

And let’s fly over the past of China. In 2017, they were discovered during the excavation of some tombs belonging to the Han dynasty (which spans from 206 BC to 220 AD), various dildos made of bronze and also in jade. As can be seen, these erotic toys were found in the graves of people belonging to royalty and nobility.

He also recalls “Ancients-Origins” that phallic objects were not only used for sexual pleasure. In ancient Greece, “hysteria” (caused insomnia, mental instability, etc.) was believed to be a medical condition caused by the lack of a “hysterical paroxysm” (orgasm). Hippocrates then prescribed women to use sex toys made of stone or wood to prevent this disease. This belief that women could suffer from “hysteria” even survived into the early 20th century.

And when excavations began in the ancient Roman city of Pompeii in the 18th century, the site turned out to be full of penises. There was phalluses drawn, sculpted and carved on the lintels, in the bread ovens, carved in the road, and members with bells that sounded when the door was opened or the wind stirred. Even penises with wings. This last icon, the penis bird, is, for the historian Mary Beard, a mixture of joke and shameless celebration.

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new demonstration by breeders against the end of fur production

The fate of animals is currently dividing Poland. In mid-September, a bill was adopted by the deputies to prohibit the breeding of fur animals and the export of meat resulting from ritual slaughter. This initiative was led by the Deputy Prime Minister, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, and strong man of the conservative Law and Justice party (PiS), the majority formation of the ruling coalition.

For a month, discontent has been mounting among farmers who have followed demonstrations across the country. On Wednesday, October 7, farmers slowed down traffic on main roads leaving wheelbarrows of manure outside the offices of political leaders in protest. They plan to demonstrate again, Tuesday, October 13, in Warsaw, when the law should go through the Senate which will have to give its approval.

Fear of the loss of thousands of jobs

Poland is the third largest producer of fur in the world – behind China and Denmark – according to NGOs. In this Eastern European country, animal husbandry supports thousands of people – there are an estimated 550 Polish farms that exploit 5.2 million animals for their furs. In addition to breeders, many indirect professions are also threatened by the destruction of this sector. In the first line, people working in cage production or even the tannery.

At the same time, the end of the export of meat resulting from ritual slaughter may also be a blow for some farmers. Indeed, Poland is one of the biggest exporters of kosher halal meats to Israel and the Jewish communities in Europe. Opponents of this law fear the disappearance of thousands of jobs without any alternative. According to the Polish newspaper Gazeta Wyborcza, the economic impact of the bill would be around 1.6 billion euros.

The conservative coalition revamped

Through this initiative, the president of PiS – known for his sympathy for animals – has drawn the anger of part of the rural world where the conservative political formation draws part of its votes. If this text divided the electorate of the Polish conservative party, it also caused an internal political crisis since Jaroslaw Kaczynski saw his majority fail him on this text during the vote on the lower house of parliament. Fifteen PiS members, including Agriculture Minister Jan Krzysztof Ardanowski, were suspended from the party for voting against this bill which received unprecedented support from liberals and environmentalists.

→ MAINTENANCE. Animal condition: “A bench is more valuable than a dog or a cat”

Following this political crisis, the ultra-conservative coalition, in power since 2015, was reshuffled at the end of September. The goal? Put an end to the disorder that had settled in this government coalition for a few weeks. This reshuffle aimed to put an end to the pranks of small minority parties such as “Solidarity Poland” and “Alliance” – which moreover opposed their rejection to the proposed law on animal rights – which the PiS needs to keep his majority.

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Thousands of Poles protest the sentence against abortion

Thousands of Poles took to the streets of different cities this Friday Poland Against the ruling of the Constitutional Court contrary to the abortion for malformation of the fetus, one of the few options for a legal interruption of pregnancy in that country.

In Warsaw, the march went back to the vicinity of the residence of the leader of the ultra-conservative government party Law and Justice (PiS) and Deputy Prime Minister, Jaroslaw Kaczynski. There were also concentrations near the headquarters of the Constitutional Court.

The Warsaw authorities ordered the deployment of a strong police force, after the disturbances that occurred on Thursday in both points, as well as at the PiS headquarters, where 15 people were arrested for disturbing public order.

The protests began shortly after the Constitutional ruling was known, which were awaited with expectation by both pro-life anti-abortion groups, on the one hand, as well as organizations in favor of legal pregnancy and representatives of the liberal opposition, on the other.

The Polish President, Andrzej Duda, close to PiS, defended this Friday the Constitutional decision in statements, while sources from the Episcopal Conference have described it as consistent with a country with a predominantly Catholic population.

The trigger for the mobilizations was the ruling yesterday of the Court that declared the interruption of pregnancy unconstitutional due to a malformation of the fetus. With this, the possibility of legal abortion has been reduced to the legal assumptions of rape, incest and serious risk to the mother’s health.

The court thus responded to the lawsuit filed three years ago by a group of parliamentarians from PiS, Kaczynski’s party and the main Polish government formation.

The plaintiffs considered that abortion due to malformation of the fetus is a form of eugenics that does not respect human dignity and, therefore, could not have a place in the Constitution.

DEEPEN THE CONTROVERSY OVER THE JUDICIAL REFORM

The ruling now deepens the controversy around the Polish judiciary, strongly questioned as a result of the reform promoted by the PiS, which both the Polish opposition and the European Commission (EC) consider an attempt against the separation of powers.

Brussels has opened a sanction process considering that this reform erodes the independence of the judiciary. Judge Julia Przylebska has been in charge of the court, in the PiS nomination.

Poland is one of the countries in the European Union (EU) where the right to abortion is most restrictive. The Law on family planning, protection of the human fetus and conditions for the interruption of pregnancy, in force since 1993, allowed abortion only in three cases – malformation of the fetus, rape or danger to the health of the mother.

According to data from the Ministry of Health, in 2019 only 1,110 legal abortions were performed in Poland (with almost 38 million inhabitants). Of these, the vast majority -1,074, or 96% – were carried out due to fetal malformation.

The groups for the legalization of abortion consider that the Constitutional ruling implies the practical prohibition of the interruption of pregnancy, except in very specific cases.

The PiS is clearly against legal abortion, but even among its ranks there are those who considered the current law sufficiently restrictive and unnecessary to apply more limitations.

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“This is war” (daily newspaper Junge Welt)

Jakub Porzycki / Agencja Gazeta via REUTERS

Women are storming the Constitutional Court’s verdict. Here is a demonstrator in Kraków on Sunday

Since Thursday’s ruling on the extensive ban on abortions, Poland has seen a wave of protest demonstrations. On Friday and Saturday tens of thousands of mostly young women – and also many men – marched through downtown Warsaw. There were large demonstrations in many other cities as well, and groups of black-clad people gathered to protest even in small towns. Immediately after the verdict was pronounced, there was a spontaneous rally in front of the home of PiS boss Jaroslaw Kaczynski, which was cordoned off by strong police forces. It only ended after midnight, with clashes between demonstrators and police officers and the arrest of 18 participants.

In contrast to the first evening of protest, the police largely let the demonstrators go on Friday and Saturday. Sometimes – as in Warsaw – the demonstrators marched through the city in a pandemic-friendly marching order into the government district, elsewhere, such as in Katowice on Saturday, nothing could be seen from a distance. According to an online report by the left-liberal magazine, honking their horns in Warsaw Policy Drivers to the rhythm of the slogans to show their solidarity, others spontaneously joined them. “I have an eight-year-old daughter, I don’t want her to have to live in a country like this,” the organizers of the women’s strike group quoted on their Facebook page as a taxi driver from Warsaw who left his car spontaneously and joined the demonstration. Also passed around are pictures of an old woman who applauded the demonstrators from her balcony in Poznan, or of a policewoman who also applauded on the sidelines of the demonstration in Wroclaw.

These may have been isolated cases, but they once again confirm the mobilization capacity of a “body issue” such as the possibility of a legal abortion. Despite the peacefulness of the demonstrations, the mood was extremely angry. “This is war” was a slogan that was often heard. Marta Lempart, head of the »Women’s Strike«, called Kaczynski a »rat« in Warsaw. In Gdynia, people in the fan crowd of the local football club even took part in the rally in front of the office of two well-known PiS members; the fact that they were about to kick in the door certainly raises the question of whether they were perhaps provocateurs. In addition, activists disrupted Catholic services on Sunday: they scattered leaflets in Poznan Cathedral and clapped continuously during the sermon. In Warsaw a woman stood between the congregation and the priest with the poster “Let us pray for the right to abortion”. Elsewhere, church walls were “decorated” with current graffiti.

The left-wing social scientist Maciej Gdula, author of one of the first studies on the basis of the success of the PiS, said on the sidelines of the demonstration in Warsaw that an important change was taking place in people’s minds: They no longer accepted the so-called abortion compromise passed in 1993, the replaced the deadline solution of the VR Poland. Now the other side has completely abandoned this compromise, said Gdula, who also sits in the Sejm for the Polish left-wing alliance. His group colleague Agnieszka Dziemianowicz-Bak told the television station TVN 24 also, the so-called abortion compromise is dead. Now everyone has to decide where he stands: on the side of women or on the side of their oppressors.

For Sunday (after jW– editorial deadline) further promotions were announced. From Monday the protesting women want to block important crossroads, on Wednesday the »women’s strike« called for all women to stay away from work.

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Thousands of Poles protest against tightened abortion law (neue-deutschland.de)

Warsaw: Demonstrators protest against tightening abortion laws in Poland.

Foto: picture alliance / Jakub Kaminski

Warsaw. Thousands of Poles also took to the streets on Saturday against the controversial ruling by the Constitutional Court to tighten abortion law. In several cities in the country, despite Corona restrictions, people demonstrated for the third day in a row against an almost complete ban on abortions that the Supreme Court had made possible. Many of the demonstrators shouted, among other things, »freedom, equality, women’s rights«.

Poland’s highest court on Thursday declared a law unconstitutional that allows abortions in the event of a serious malformation of the fetus. Poland already has one of the strictest abortion rights in Europe. The ruling by the Constitutional Court was sharply criticized, among others, by the Council of Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights, Dunja Mijatovic.

Activists criticize the fact that a corresponding new law would constitute a total ban on abortion because 98 percent of legal abortions in Poland involve malformations of the fetus. Women with limited resources in particular could now be forced to resort to dangerous, illegal abortion methods.

The national conservative ruling party Law and Justice (PiS) has been campaigning for a tightening of abortion law in Poland for years. She wants abortions to be possible only if the life of the pregnant woman is in immediate danger or if she became pregnant as a result of rape or incest.

The ruling that has now been passed gives the government majority in the Warsaw Parliament the green light to approve a bill to criminalize the abortion of malformed fetuses. The law would only come into force after it has been confirmed by President Andrzej Duda. The conservative head of state has already declared his support for the project. AFP / nd

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Abortion law in Poland: even more restrictive

The Constitutional Court is overturning the option of terminating a pregnancy in the event of a terminally ill fetus.

Women protest against the imposition of further restrictions on abortion rights in Szczecin Photo: Agencja Gazeta / reuters

WARSAW taz | The protest of tens of thousands of Polish women could not prevent it: On Thursday the Polish constitutional court tightened the already extremely restrictive abortion law in Poland. Almost a year ago, a group of 119 national populist and nationalist MPs applied for a review of the 1993 Family Planning Act for constitutionality.

Up until now, abortions have been legal in Poland if the mother’s life and limb was threatened, the fetus was seriously damaged, the infant would be terminally ill or barely viable, or the pregnancy was due to rape or inbreeding. Last year, Poland had just 1,100 legal abortions from a population of 38 million, most of them due to the medical indication of a severely damaged fetus.

In the future, Polish women will no longer have the right to make a decision of their own if they are diagnosed with “missing brain” or “open backbone” in their baby while they are still growing in their wombs.

The mostly male judges agreed with the mostly male applicants that the women concerned could be expected to give birth to these severely disabled children. The right to life is above the “psychological comfort” of women.

Set penalties

The majority of the constitutional judges – 13 out of 15 – agreed with the applicants that the Family Planning Act of 1993 was about the “legalization of eugenic practices on unborn children”. With this law “these children”, ie the fetuses, “the recognition of the protection of human dignity” will be taken away.

After this ruling by the Constitutional Court, the legislature must reformulate this passage of the Family Planning Act and, in particular, define the punishments for women who oppose the forced birth and illegally have an abortion carried out.

Poland’s parliament will also have to decide whether doctors will make themselves liable to prosecution in future if they tell expectant mothers that their child will be severely disabled or unable to survive. Since 2015, however, the national populists of the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) and nationalists have had an absolute majority there.

The dispute over the very restrictive abortion law has been dragging on for years. According to surveys, most Poles do not want the abortion law to be tightened. Nevertheless, Catholic fundamentalists repeatedly exerted massive pressure on the MPs.

Appointment agreed

The PiS party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski is primarily interested in exploiting the issue. Many political observers in Poland assume that he, with his “social discovery”, the chairman of the Polish constitutional court Julia Przylebska, arranged the date for the negotiation of the abortion law.

Because his failure in the current political situation is only too clear: The Covid-19 numbers are growing explosively without the government having developed a strategy for the second corona wave.

More important for the PiS in the summer were the fight against sexual minorities (LGBT), the presidential elections, internal party quarrels and the renewed position against the EU. According to the government critics, the calculation is that the verdict of the constitutional judges, all but one of whom were appointed by the PiS majority in parliament, will cause a great sensation and thus distract from the failure of Kaczynski and the PiS government.

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Lukashenka has an offensive plan for Russia

Experts explained the new strategy of the President of Belarus

Recently, Lukashenko arranged a meeting with the top of the Belarusian authorities, which took place at the Palace of Independence in Minsk. The meeting was attended by the prime minister, heads of both chambers of parliament, the Supreme Court, heads of law enforcement agencies, governors and so on. There was no official information about the results of the meeting – but it was leaked to the media from sources in the presidential administration. And judging by these data, not only the opposition, but also Russia should not expect anything good from Lukashenka’s plans.

First, according to Belarusian sources, the protesters will be deprived of social benefits, dismissed, and the criminal prosecution against them will be toughened up to the death penalty. The stake will be placed on targeted attacks by the KGB. According to Lukashenka, no one should escape punishment for protesting against the regime.

Second, it is expected that the European Union will lose interest in the protests in Belarus by the spring, and then Minsk will be able to begin to establish a dialogue with the West. In this context, trading with Russia on energy prices will resume. If an agreement fails, Moscow may forget about deeper integration into the Union State.

Thirdly, Lukashenka is not going to rush into the new Constitution. He is ready to vote for her only in 2021. At the same time, one should not harbor any illusions regarding the updated Basic Law. Because Lukashenko believes that he will not become a compromise and will not lead to a resolution of the conflict.

In short, Lukashenka’s communication with his inner circle can be reduced to assurances that the clouds will soon disperse and the ruling elite will heal as before. The West will lose interest in the protests, the opposition will flee, and Lukashenka and his friends will be able to continue to rule the country as they have been for the past 26 years. In the end, he simply cannot offer anything else to his electorate. And if he could, then perhaps the protests could have been avoided.

Nevertheless, experts interviewed by MK believe that it was not by chance that Lukashenko gathered his retinue on the eve of the expiration of the ultimatum of Svetlana Tikhanovskaya.

Dmitry Bolkunets, Belarusian political scientist: “On the eve of the expiration of the ultimatum of Tikhanov’s passions are heating up. Lukashenka decided to assemble the government to prove that the situation is under control and there is nothing to worry about. August 9.

The fact that the situation is difficult, in particular, is evidenced by the fact that after the visit of the head of the Foreign Intelligence Service Sergei Naryshkin to Belarus, Lukashenko canceled a rally in Minsk, which had been scheduled for the weekend. About 300 thousand people from all over the country were supposed to come there. It was expected to be a counterweight to opposition protests. Apparently, Naryshkin recommended not to exacerbate the situation once again, so as not to lead to a civil war, but to start a dialogue. In addition, Lukashenka could have been informed that the regime already lacks the strength for a 300,000 rally.

Lukashenka, most likely, really hopes that the protest will dissipate by itself, and then everything will return to normal. He will negotiate with the West, trade with Russia, and so on. However, he is mistaken. The West is not interested in Lukashenko staying in power. This makes it impossible for him to maneuver in negotiations with Russia. “

Andrey Suzdaltsev, political scientist: “Lukashenka is lying to Russia when he says that he broke all contracts with the West. In reality, there is nothing of the kind. There was no promised closure of the borders with Lithuania and Poland. Previous supplies are in progress, including contraband. diplomatic contacts are maintained with the United States and the European Union. Lukashenko was promised to be included in the sanctions lists, but this did not happen. This is due to the fact that the West needs Lukashenko. He does an excellent job of discrediting integration in the post-Soviet space. And Russia pays for his work.

At the same time, Lukashenka blames the West for the political crisis, because he himself is not going to go anywhere. All the participants in his dialogue on the new Constitution are oppositionists imprisoned in jail and people who helped him steal votes in the presidential elections. Naturally, this does not lead to any settlement of the conflict. On the contrary, this is the path to its escalation. But if he manages to survive, he will continue to pump money from Russia, motivating his demands by the fact that he protected Moscow from the “color revolution”.

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US joins authoritarian governments to sign anti-abortion declaration | USA Elections 2020

The United States joined more than 30 countries led by illiberal or authoritarian governments and signed an international anti-abortion declaration, in a conservative reorientation of US foreign policy promoted by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

“Under the leadership of President Trump, the United States has been defending the dignity of human life, always and everywhere,” said Mike Pompeo, who promoted the virtual ceremony of the presentation of the Geneva Consensus Declaration, alongside the secretary of the American Health and Social Services Alex Azar.

Despite presenting itself as an initiative to promote and defend the health of women, the declaration condemns the termination of pregnancy, stating that “there is no international right to abortion or any international obligation on the part of States to finance or facilitate abortion”.

In addition to the USA, the document was co-sponsored by Brazil, Egypt, Hungary, Indonesia and Uganda. As noted by the The Guardian, most of the 32 signatory countries are among the 20 worst ranked worldwide in the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security index, which measures the well-being of women in terms of inclusion, justice and security at family, community and Social.

In Europe, in addition to Hungary, the declaration was ratified by Belarus, whose Aleksander Lukashenko regime has violently repressed peaceful demonstrations promoted by women, and Poland, which on Thursday saw abortion in cases of fetal malformation being considered unconstitutional , making it practically impossible to terminate pregnancy in the country.

Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Sudan or Libya are other countries that are part of the Geneva Consensus Declaration, which uses a “pro-family” and “preservation of human life” language, defending the “strengthening of the family as the basis of society”.

The declaration is not legally binding and does not change any existing laws in the signatory countries, however it is seen as a setback in the rights of women and the LGBTI community, attacked and persecuted in many of the countries that are part of this conservative coalition.

“It will undoubtedly bring problems to LGBTI people and reverse the global consensus established on the need to protect sexual and reproductive health and the rights of women and young people in all their diversity,” he told the Washington Post David Stacy, director da Human Rights Campagin.

The initiative sponsored by the Trump Administration arises less than two weeks from the US presidential election and is seen as another step towards the American President moving the country away from its traditional allies, approaching countries with illiberal or authoritarian regimes .

Gillian Kane, political advisor to Ipas, an international organization that defends the right to abortion, however, considers this statement to be a defeat for the Trump Administration, which has failed to expand its support base abroad.

“The United States fails to reach consensus and build a coalition. The United Nations has 193 member states, and they [EUA] they only managed 31. It gives a bad image, ”said Kane to the Guardian. “It is a diplomatic failure,” he concluded.

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Poland tightens abortion law (neue-deutschland.de)

Warsaw. Poland’s highest court has paved the way for further tightening of restrictive abortion law. In a judgment on Thursday, presiding judge Julia Przylebska declared a law unconstitutional that allows abortion in the event of a serious malformation of the fetus. The national conservative ruling party Law and Justice (PiS) has been campaigning for a tightening of abortion law for years. She wants abortions to be possible only if the pregnant woman’s life is directly threatened or if she has become pregnant as a result of rape or incest.

Poland already has one of the strictest abortion rights in Europe. Again and again there were large demonstrations against the PiS initiative to ban abortions, including of malformed fetuses. The ruling that has now been passed gives the government majority in the Warsaw Parliament the green light to approve a bill to criminalize the abortion of malformed fetuses. The law would only come into force after it has been confirmed by President Andrzej Duda. The conservative head of state has already declared his support for the project.

Sharp criticism of the judgment came from the Council of Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights, Dunja Mijatovic. The decision is “tantamount to a ban” on abortions and represents a violation of human rights. Sa’s judgment will result in women who could afford it, secretly or abroad, having abortions carried out. For everyone else, the judgment means “even greater suffering.” AFP / nd Comment on page 8

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