“The Covid has highlighted the links between the environment and human health”

INTERVIEW – Anne Larigauderie, international coordinator on biodiversity, takes stock of the UN’s ten-year plan.

“About 1 million animal and plant species are threatened with extinction, and the health of ecosystems has deteriorated enormously in ten years”, explains Anne Larigauderie. 136237111/Matthew J. Thomas – stock.adobe.com

The UN released its report on the “Global Biodiversity Outlook” (titled GBO5) on Tuesday. This eagerly awaited document takes stock of the actions carried out over the past ten years by States to fight against the accelerated decline of biodiversity in the world. It will serve as a basis for negotiations on the next international convention on the subject, covering the decade 2021-2030. Ecologist, Anne Larigauderie analyzes the conclusions of this report. She is executive secretary of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), an organization that scientifically assesses the state of life on the planet.

Anne Larigauderie. Credit: Quentin Houdas

LE FIGARO.- In 2010, the member states of the Convention on Biological Diversity (which only the United States have not ratified) committed, in Aichi, Japan, to 20 objectives to preserve life. What is the outcome?

Anne LARIGAUDERIE. – It is generally negative: none of the 20 objectives set at the time will be completely

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No, traces of life were not detected on Venus

DECRYPTION – An American-British team claims to have measured a gas that should not be present around the planet. An already very controversial announcement.

Artistic representation of Venus, an inhospitable planet with temperatures of over 450 ° C on the surface and a very dense and corrosive atmosphere.
Artistic representation of Venus, an inhospitable planet with temperatures of over 450 ° C on the surface and a very dense and corrosive atmosphere. ESO / NASA / via REUTERS

Have American and British astronomers detected traces that could be the signature of life forms on Venus? The discovery was not announced until Monday afternoon by a press conference organized by the Royal Astronomical Society in London, but the rumor has stirred social networks since this weekend. It must be said that the researchers were much less careful in their communication than in their conclusions published by the journal Nature Astronomy.

“We have detected the presence of a rare gas, phosphine, which should not be present in the atmosphere of Venus, announced Jane Greaves, professor of astronomy at Cardiff University and first author of the publication. We may have found traces of microorganisms that live in the clouds of Venus. ” The announcement is indeed shocking. The idea that extremely resistant microbes could live in the atmosphere of Venus had already been imagined by astronomers, but has not

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a science at the interface of all?

DECRYPTION – Christian Hervé, head of the ethics and scientific integrity department at Foch hospital, Henri-Corto Stoeklé, doctor in medical ethics and Guillaume Vogt, geneticist at Inserm, explain the role of this essential idea.

By Christian Hervé, Henri-Corto Stoeklé and Guillaume Vogt

In the medically assisted procreation department of the Pierre-Cherest clinic, in Neuilly-sur-Seine.
In the medically assisted procreation department of the Pierre-Cherest clinic, in Neuilly-sur-Seine. Julie Limont/Hans Lucas via AFP

At the dawn of this new so-called “bioethics” law, many seem to ignore this idea: the role of bioethics is not to judge the legality or the morality of a science or a medical or biological technique. ; bioethics is neither a matter of law, nor of morality, nor even of ethics; bioethics is a matter of itself. Let us understand the ins and outs of this idea which appears to us today to be essential.

Most human societies share different social characteristics, in particular that of being based on a set of legal or moral standards. The law is, in essence, at the origin of legal norms. These help, among other things, to determine why and how a society should react to phenomena such as medically assisted reproduction (ART) or surrogacy (Surrogacy). Legal standards can lead to criminal, legal or civil sanctions. Morality is at the origin of

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just a drop of milk

HISTORY OF MEDICINE – At the end of the XIXe century, the death of young children is a plague. Until the Dr Léon Dufour created, in Fécamp, a charitable institution that will change the situation.

In the late 19th century, a doctor created the Milk Drop, a charity that provides a monthly stipend to those who breastfeed, and to others clean daily bottles, filled with milk of verified quality and treated for approach human milk.
In the late 19th century, a doctor created the Milk Drop, a charity that provides a monthly stipend to those who breastfeed, and to others clean daily bottles, filled with milk of verified quality and treated for approach human milk. ©Bridgeman Images/Leemage

It’s just a drop, a drop of milk. But it changed the future of many children over the course of its almost century of existence … At the end of the 19th centurye century, infant mortality was abysmal. “A child who is born is less likely than a 90 year old man to live a week and less likely than an octogenarian to live a year”, was moved twenty years earlier the demographer Louis-Adolphe Bertillon, while the public authority established itself as the protector of “Life and health” infants with the Roussel law of December 1874.

Because at the end of the XIXe century, the child becomes precious, as much for families as for the nation, which wants to be strong of a swarming population. Death at a young age is no longer seen as inevitable, and the main culprit is quickly identified: artificial breastfeeding, more and more present despite unsuitable cow’s milk, sometimes of poor quality, and stored in poor conditions. questionable hygiene. With a very special fin for

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Astronomers deduce the existence of 600 irregular moons orbiting Jupiter – politics – global varieties

A new study suggests that there may be as many as 600 small irregular moons orbiting Jupiter.

Prior to this study, Jupiter was known to have 71 irregular satellites, 10 of them with regular orbits and 61 with reverse orbits.

In fact, scientists did not observe or see these moons, but rather concluded that they exist. After searching for old images and collecting them digitally from a 340-megapixel camera, in telescopes located in Canada, France and Hawaii, they discovered 45 irregular and previously unknown moons in a small area around Jupiter and continued their conclusions until they reached 600 moons.

This is the number of irregular moons they expect to orbit Jupiter.

How will these new moons be confirmed?
Ground-based telescopes will be required to confirm the existence of this huge new group of “Jovian” irregular satellites, which includes both the 45 new discoveries and the 600 irregular satellites that have been deduced.

It is hoped that the “Vera Ruen” observatory, which is currently being established, will be able to confirm the results. Jupiter can be seen just to the south after dark, in the northern hemisphere. And it is possible to see some of the planet’s moons, such as “Galileo”, and “Ganymede” and “Europa” and “Callisto” and “Io”, using a pair of binoculars, or a small telescope.

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Controversy over the trip of Fernando Simón and Jesús Calleja to record ‘Planeta Calleja’ in the middle of the second wave

The mountaineer Jesús Calleja is in Mallorca recording a new program of ‘Planeta Calleja’. A week of challenges and adventures where a relevant character chosen by the mountaineer is known in depth. So far everything normal. They are many years on the screen for Jesús and his team. The controversy arises with the new guest, Fernando Simon. Probably the director of the Center for Coordination of Health Alerts and Emergencies has become the face of the pandemic, the data man … A person until now practically unknown and who is on the way to being the novelty of the year. Simón has taken a few days off and has taken the opportunity to travel to the Balearic Islands and enjoy the adventures with Calleja. “I needed these vacations, I could not do more”, confessed the epidemiologist. Although the networks do not think the same and criticize his absence in the Ministry in the middle of the second wave of the pandemic.

And although the program has not yet seen the light, the Cuatro chain of the Mediaset España group has broadcast a small video as a promotion. “I have a very special guest taking advantage of the fact that he had a week of vacation and has decided that he would like to be here”, informs Jesús Calleja. «We have had some very interesting gatherings about what things they have done well, what things were wrong and, above all, very important, what awaits us in the autumn and winter; what will happen next year and when will this pandemic end. There are very interesting conversations that I myself have been shocked », continues the presenter.

Simón was delighted to be able to participate in the program: «I, for now, have had a great time; I needed a vacation that luckily I have been able to take because we have an excellent team at the Ministry And when you called me to ask if I wanted to come with you, let’s go! Of course! I took these vacations because I really needed them; I didn’t give for more ».

The statements show the fatigue due to the great stress to which Simón is being subjected. The epidemiologist already had to deal with criticism from social networks for his trip to Portugal on a summer weekend to practice surfing. And it is that the networks have been a continuous give and take for the Government, but especially for Simón that having almost no experience in the front line of politics has been able to suffer to a greater extent the stress caused by the pandemic.

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Inflammation, the fire that fuels chronic disease

DECRYPTION – Atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity or even depression… These very diverse pathologies could be associated with the same immune runaway.

Inflammation can save our life, just as it can make us terribly ill.
Inflammation can save our life, just as it can make us terribly ill. 50037472/peterschreiber.media – stock.adobe.com

It is one of the best means of defense of our organism in the face of external aggression. But this formidable weapon is a double-edged sword: inflammation can save our lives, just as it can make us terribly ill.

In recent months, we have heard a lot about cytokine storms, this superinflammation of the body that would be involved in severe cases of Covid-19. But no need for a violent inflammatory fire to damage our health: the fire can be of low intensity, but persist and be self-sustaining. It will then make the bed for diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity or even depression.

Eliminate the aggressor

How? ‘Or’ What? To understand, let’s start by explaining what inflammation is. This very first response of the immune system following an attack can be provoked by a wound, an infection, tissue necrosis after a heart attack … “It is an important physiological process which helps to eliminate the aggressor and to restore the

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the League against cancer sounds the alarm

Supply tensions are increasing, sometimes affecting cancer treatments. At the cost, sometimes, of a real loss of opportunity.

1,499 reports of supply tensions for essential drugs were made to the Ansm in 2019 (photo illustration).
1,499 reports of supply tensions for essential drugs were made to the Ansm in 2019 (photo illustration). MUCAHITPAMUKOGLU / ridvanarda – stock.adobe.com

“I know that healthcare professionals, prescribers and pharmacists, in town and in healthcare establishments, have always been able to find solutions allowing patients to continue their treatment”, launched in the summer of 2019 Agnès Buzyn, then Minister of Health, by launching the “2019-2022 roadmap” against shortages and tensions in the supply of drugs. “I thank them all for their involvement”, continued the minister. Others might have said “Get by”

More and more, patients and doctors are faced with drug shortages, and must find solutions that are not always as satisfactory or, worse, delay essential treatments. “It is increasingly perilous to find adequate solutions”, testifies Dr Nicolas Bertrand, geriatric oncologist at the CHRU of Lille.

Since 2008, the number of supply disruptions reported to the Medicines Safety Agency (Ansm) has multiplied by… 34. And the phenomenon is accelerating: 1499

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women with no other solution than vaginal septum

Vaginal prostheses, useful in the most serious cases of organ descent, are gradually banned.

By Dr Nathalie Szapiro-Manoukian

When the patient's condition allows it, abdominal surgery is possible which involves placing one or two prostheses in front and / or behind the vagina in order to support the organs.
When the patient’s condition allows it, abdominal surgery is possible which involves placing one or two prostheses in front and / or behind the vagina in order to support the organs. Patra Kovitvanich / PK4289 – stock.adobe.com

Living with urinary protection, even diapers, or having to have your vagina closed in the event of major organ descent: tens of thousands of women, often still very active, could be forced to do so from 2021. In England, this ‘is already the case. It all started in 2017, with the vaginal implant trial. These kinds of “hammocks” placed between the vagina and the bladder have been shown to be responsible for serious complications in some women, including organ perforations and very painful inflammatory reactions. A reassessment of vaginal implants was decided, but it led to the ban on the wholesale use of all vaginal prostheses… when not all of them posed a problem.

“These prostheses were fitted on too large a scale, by surgeons who were not always well experienced and that is undoubtedly why there were so many complications”, estimate the Pr Jean-François Hermieu, head of the urology department at Bichat hospital (Paris).

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the situation is worrying in the hospitals of Marseille and Bordeaux

The warning tone of the newsletters on the Covid-19 epidemic seems to go up a notch every week, and that is not a good sign. In its latest communication, the Public Health France agency mentions a “Clear deterioration of the situation” national. As proof, the positivity rate, considered a good indicator of the circulation of the virus, rose from 4.4% to 5.2% in one week. “If the dynamics of the epidemic continues, the number of weekly confirmed cases will double in 14 days”, she warns.

Certainly the “Levels of hospitalizations and intensive care admissions remain moderate”, more “The progression of these indicators is worrying, particularly in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region”.

Opening additional beds

On Wednesday, the Assistance publique – Hôpitaux de Marseille (AP-HM), which welcomes Covid patients at the North hospital and La Timone, opened additional dedicated beds in a third establishment, La Conception, bringing the total to its reception capacities at 139 beds, including 32 for intensive care (respectively occupied to the tune of 114 and 26). “For a week, the progression curve has been exponential and we have doubled our admissions in intensive care”, we explain to the AP-HM.

To see also – Castex deplores a “worrying development of contaminations” in Marseille, Bordeaux and Guadeloupe

Castex deplores a “worrying development of contaminations” in Marseille, Bordeaux and Guadeloupe – Watch on Figaro Live

The patients are mainly people over 60 years of age or suffering from co-morbidities. “The same profile as during the first wave”, analyse-t-on. “The situation is under control for the moment, but it remains worrying. In mid-August, the positivity rate for the tests performed was 9%; today, it is 12.5%, while the number of people tested has tripled. ”

With an incidence rate of 192 cases of Covid per 100,000 inhabitants the last week of August, up 27.5% compared to the previous week, the Bouches-du-Rhône is at the top of the departments where the epidemic is the strongest, ahead of Paris (143 the following week) and the Gironde (154, idem).

For the first time in six weeks, the increase in the incidence rate is slowing in Île de France, but also in each of the departments, except in Val-d’Oise

ARS Île-de-France

The Aquitaine department has been legitimately concerned about the acceleration of its indicators for a month. In Nouvelle-Aquitaine, the number of patients hospitalized for Covid-19 has almost doubled in 10 days, from 85 patients on August 31 to 147 patients on September 8, indicates the regional health agency (ARS). This trend particularly impacts the Bordeaux University Hospital. “We currently have 25 patients with Covid in intensive care, when there were none at the beginning of August”, indicates the direction.

With 2,442 patients hospitalized for Covid, including 204 in intensive care, Île-de-France remains the region with the most people hospitalized to date. Good news, however: “For the first time in six weeks, the increase in the incidence rate is slowing down at the regional level, but also in each of the departments, except in Val-d’Oise”, observes the ARS of Île-de-France. Dominique Rossi, president of the medical establishment commission at AP-HM, appealed to the public for help this week: “There are patients who need resuscitation and who are not Covid positive. We also have a duty to preserve these sick people. To do this, we must avoid too much entry of positive Covid patients. We must help us, thanks to masks and barrier measures ”.

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