Beware of a sign in the mouth that may indicate heart disease

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Sunday 17 January 2021

Gum disease (periodontitis) is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, and poor dental health increases the risk of bacterial infection in the bloodstream, which may affect the heart valves.

Oral health may be especially important if you have artificial heart valves. Maintaining the health of your teeth during the closure is very important, but it is also important to discover any danger signs in the mouth that warn of other health problems, according to the “Russia Today” website.

Dr. Richard Marquez spoke, exclusively with “Express”, to provide the most important advice and signs that you should pay attention to in the mouth, to warn of possible heart disease.

According to studies, untreated dental infections can increase the risk of heart disease by up to 2.7 times.

“This is because the infection enters the bloodstream and moves to the heart,” said Marquez. “Dental infections (such as dental abscesses) can travel to the brain (especially the upper jaw teeth) due to the proximity of the tooth roots to this area. This is why treating dental infections is so important at the time. the appropriate”.

When asked whether an infected tooth could cause a rapid heartbeat, Dr. Marquez replied: “Dental infections can also cause heart palpitations because the body is fighting to control the infection (the heart has to work harder for circulation during these times).” The most common areas are arm and chest pain. Headache and toothache have been reported due to heart problems. “

Over the years, several studies have found that people with periodontal disease are more likely to have poor heart health, including heart attacks. When it comes to gum disease and perceived health risks, Dr Marquez warned: “If left untreated, periodontal disease (or gingivitis) can increase the risks of all kinds of health conditions including heart disease, stroke, diabetes and even dementia, due to harmful mouth bacteria. Or an infection in the gums that enters the bloodstream and affects the body. “

For the sake of comprehensive oral health, Dr. Marquez provided his most important advice, which includes: keeping a low amount of sugar (as harmful mouth bacteria feed on sugar), brushing teeth twice a day, and visiting the dentist and dental hygienist at least every six months (it may be Sometimes it is necessary to attend every three or four months if you are at high risk of developing cavities or gum disease)

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Vaping favors oral infections associated with periodontitis or heart problems

R.I.

Madrid

Updated:

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If you regularly use electronic cigarettes, you should know that their use may be related to periodontitis-gum disease-a disease of the mouth that warns of a possible cardiovascular risk. It has been seen by a team from Ohio State University (USA) that have examined, for the first time, the bacteria in the mouth of young and healthy people who vaped.

The researchers found that the collection of oral bacteria in the mouth of daily e-cigarette users is full of powerful infection-causing organisms that put vapers at substantial risk for diseases ranging from periodontitis to cancer. The research is published today in the journal “Science Advances”.

Although they did not have an active disease, the composition of the participants’ oral bacteria resembled that of people with periodontitis, an infection of the gums that can lead to tooth loss and, if left untreated, is a risk factor. for heart and lung disease.

Periodontitis is an infection of the gums that can lead to tooth loss and, if left untreated, is a risk factor for heart and lung disease.

The harmful effects were observed both in cigarettes with or without nicotine, which has made researchers consider that pressurized and heated liquids in e-cigarette cartridges they are probably the main culprit in transforming the mouths of the vapers into a cozy home for a dangerous combination of microbes.

“Vaping is an assault on the mouth, and the change happens dramatically and in a short period of time,” he says. Purnima Kumar, a professor of periodontology at Ohio State University and lead author of the study.

Even tobacco smokers or ex-smokers, whose smoking would have given disease-causing microbes easier access to their mouths, had a more harmful oral profile linked to vaping after just three to 12 months of e-cigarette use, Kumar stresses. “This finding challenges claims that vaping reduces the harm caused by smoking,” he warns.

The researchers collected plaque samples from under the gums of 123 people who showed no current signs of oral disease: 25 smokers, 25 non-smokers, 20 e-cigarette users, 25 ex-smokers using e-cigarettes, and 28 people who maintained smoking habits. and vape. at the same time.

The team sequenced the DNA of the bacteria’s genomes to identify not only the types of microbes that live in those mouths, but also what their functions were.

Bacteria under the gums are the last line of defense against disease, as they least alter environmental changes in the mouth, such as food, toothpaste, and tobacco.

The team sequenced the DNA from the genomes of bacteria to identify not only the types of microbes that live in those mouths, but also what their functions were.

And the profile of the oral microbiome in vapers who had never smoked, who were young (21 to 35 years old) and healthy and had used e-cigarettes for four to 12 months, surprised the researchers.

The most worrying features were the stress levels in the microbial community, which were detected by activating genes that contribute to the creation of a mucus-like layer of slime that surrounds bacterial communities. The immune system is accustomed to seeing the assembled bacteria seen as clearly defined communities, but Kumar explains that, in e-cigarette users, these slime-wrapped communities appear to be foreign invaders and trigger a destructive inflammatory response.

People who had traded cigarettes for a vaping pen had a more microbial profile driven by vaping

That is, this change in the microbial landscape, accompanied by higher levels of protein in the mouth of the vapers that indicated that the immune system was waiting to activate and produce inflammation, exponentially increases the probability of illness.

After that finding, Kumar and colleagues hoped to find that people who had replaced or supplemented smoking cigarettes with vaping might be better off using e-cigarettes. Instead, they discovered that people who had traded cigarettes for a vaping pen they had a more microbial profile driven by vaping.

Furthermore, a longer duration of vaping, with or without the use of nicotine or flavoring agents, made the oral conditions more severe.

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E-cigarettes favor inflammatory bacteria in the mouth

Biofilm even with harmless bacteria

Bacteria release tough mucus in the mouth, even in healthy non-smokers, to protect themselves against influences. However, according to the study authors’ observations, this biofilm forms significantly faster for e-cigarette users. According to Kumar “healthy harmless bacteria in the mouth usually look a bit like popcorn.” According to Kumar, on the other hand, e-cigarette users “look more like they were cast in concrete.” The human immune system can thus harmlessly use microbes can no longer be recognized and therefore triggers an inflammatory reaction to ward off the supposed health risk.

This change in oral flora was observed both in smokers who switched to an e-cigarette and in e-cigarette users who had not previously smoked tobacco. Kumar concludes that “if you stop smoking and switch to vaping instead, you won’t get a healthy oral flora, but will switch to the bacterial profile of an e-cigarette user.”

Changes also in liquids without nicotine

The scientists assumed that the change in the oral flora is caused by the nicotine contained in many liquids. A comparison between the test subjects’ liquids and their oral flora shows, however, that the nicotine content plays almost no role in this effect. As Ganesan explains, “It was quite unexpected because observations with smokers suggested a dose-dependent effect of nicotine.” The scientists thus state that “Vaping, even without nicotine, has a fairly significant impact on the bacterial communities in our mouth.”

Subsequent experiments with cell cultures show that the ingredients of all liquids in the bacterial mixture of healthy people stimulate the carbon and sugar metabolism. This is most likely due to the glycol and glycerin contained in the liquids, from which the bacteria meet the high energy requirements that biofilm production requires.

Science Advances, doi: 10.1126 / sciadv.aaz0108

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Health insurance companies: Periodontitis treatment: Switching health insurance companies can be worthwhile

Professional teeth cleaning usually helps with periodontitis. This is not covered by most health insurance companies – but in some cases by some. A comparison is worthwhile.

Periodontitis patients are best looking for a health insurance company that is professional Teeth cleaning generously subsidized. Because this can be useful as part of the treatment.

Periodontitis treatment: costs are often only partially covered

However, it is not in the catalog of benefits of the statutory health insurance companies, like that Consumer advice center North Rhine-Westphalia explained. However, many insurers still cover the costs or subsidize them under certain conditions Teeth cleaning. Patients can find an overview on the website of the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Dentists by clicking on “Service” and “Information materials”. (dpa)

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