The racist attack on Michel Zecler only became public through a video. The government wants to ban the filming of police officers.
A video shows the attack on the music producer Michel Zecler Photo: afp / Stefano Rellandini
Four Paris “law enforcement officers” are in police custody. Thanks to recordings from a video camera, more than 15 million people have now seen how the four men beat the black music producer Michel Zecler to hospital while they insulted him as a “dirty n ****”. Without these pictures, the publication of which the French government wants to prohibit on the pretext that they have to protect police officers against deliberate denunciation from the Internet, Zecler would probably now be behind bars instead of his four torturers. They claimed that Zecler had tried to snatch a weapon from them. The recordings show that this is not true. The four policemen face exemplary punishment.
That would be the end of the matter for President Emmanuel Macron and his Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin. The two still want to make believe that it is an unfortunate individual case with “black sheep” in the ranks of the police. This is not the case: The unleashed police force, the large number of hands amputated because of grenades and the blind eyes after the protests of the “yellow vests”, after demonstrations against the pension reform and even after the traditional May Day, prove the opposite.
As systematically as the officials reacted to the slightest provocation, as systematically as the government stood behind them. There was a “good reason” for every brutality and attack. From their point of view, the victims of the police violence were responsible. Only the recordings of eyewitnesses made it possible to prove the opposite in some of the cases. In the case of the abused music producer Zecler, even the hardliner Darmanin can no longer find an excuse. Banning the filming of such scenes would definitely disarm the citizens. So tens of thousands held up their phones like fists in protest against institutional violence.
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Shut up when you speak, If you need anything … let me know and the immortal Where did you get in? We didn’t see you go out : these impossible, oxymoric titles of films will have made much the posterity of Philippe Clair. Died in Paris on Saturday at the age of 90, the actor and director was a registered trademark for nanar franchouillard in the 70s and 80s, moreover successful: in 1982, his More beautiful than me, you die with Aldo Maccione is tenth at the French box office with 3,264,775 admissions, far ahead Mad Max and Blade Runner.
Born Prosper Bensoussan in Ahfir (Morocco), Clair moved to Paris in the 1950s to become an actor, first on the stage, then by writing and playing shows marked by blackfoot humor – a Judeo-Arab comic marked by an accent, a gesture, a jargon and the uprooting of French Algeria. In 1967, he recorded the sketch on disc Nothing Nasser to run, satire of the Six Day War, which will be censored. He quickly finds his way to the cinema in front of and behind the camera with his first feature, Clicks and slaps (1965), prototype of the truth if I lie thirty years later. With the Great Java (1970), he finds spiritual colleagues in Les Charlots in a craft of disarticulated, out of tune burlesque, where a gag is sketched but slips by the coarseness and dissonance of its execution. Punk before its time therefore and despised by the critics.
Read also“The truth”, where did you get in?
Clair thus reached a peak of its kind, of its kind, with The guide in a slide (1974), his broke and anachronistic version of Dictator – and ancestor also of Grandpa is resisting, casually. Henri Tisot (comic known for his imitation of De Gaulle) belches Hitler, organizer of football matches, alongside Alice Sapritch in – technically – Eva Braun. Nothing goes in the film, festival of grimaces and big squinting eyes. A constant in the cinema of Clair, which will make as a logical move to hire the head of Hollywood squinter Jerry Lewis in Where did you get in… (1984) and to make it catastrophic there.
In the 80s, Clair’s success waned in the face of the rise of the humor of the actors of Splendid, less cartoonish, more in touch with French society. His attempt at a more sober and sentimental cinema ends in the failure of his final film The extraordinary adventure of an unusual dad (1989). But the Franchouillarde label may have been unwelcome in a cinema that has promoted metics faces or made the regressive Italian kéké Aldo Maccione a star in France. From Francis Blanche mingling with the Charlots in the Great Java to Alan Silvestri, composer of the soundtracks of Predator, Back to the future and Avengers, parachuted to the music of Where did you get in …, there is always an attempt to transplant generation, culture, perhaps not so far removed from the experience of Pieds-Noirs repatriated to metropolitan France. Hence the other meaning of this “gag” in le guide in foil, where a priest appears in front of three soldiers (in tricolor pajamas) about to be executed by the Germans. “Of course, I am French, I am from Bab El Oued”, he said with a blackfoot accent. He is interpreted by Philippe Clair.
62 police officers injured and beaten up – photographer gets baton
| Reading time: 4 minutes
A law in France aims to restrict video recordings of police operations. Then cases of brutal police violence are uncovered again. In numerous cities, people make their displeasure heard. There are also riots.
Bhe mass protests against police violence and for the freedom of the press in France, 62 police officers and gendarmes were injured on Saturday, including 23 in the capital Paris. As the Interior Ministry announced on Sunday, there were also 81 arrests on the sidelines of the protests. Videos broadcast on online networks showed police officers being beaten up by demonstrators.
The French authorities initially did not provide any information about the number of injured demonstrators in Paris. Police reported two injured demonstrators from the rest of the country.
Among the injured is a photographer who works for the AFP news agency and reported on the demonstration in Paris. The journalists’ organization Reporters Without Borders (RSF) criticized the police for the “unacceptable” violence. The photographer Ameer al Halbi was injured in the face with a baton, said RSF General Secretary Christophe Deloire in the online service Twitter.
More than 100,000 people protested against the planned law to protect police officers. Riots broke out on the fringes of a demonstration in Paris: A small group of protesters hurled cobblestones at police officers, who in turn responded by using tear gas. The organizers of the protests even announced 500,000 participants across the country. The French Interior Ministry spoke of 133,000 demonstrators across the country and 46,000 participants in Paris.
There was scuffle in Paris. Some then set the central bank facade and police barricades on fire. In the turmoil, the fire brigade found it difficult to get to the scene of the riots. There were also clashes in the Breton city of Rennes, and the police used tear gas.
In the rest of the country, the dozen rallies remained largely peaceful. The protests are directed against a draft law that would criminalize the publication of photos or videos of police officers on duty if the intention is to violate their “physical and psychological integrity”.
The government of President Emmanuel Macron considers the law to be necessary to protect officials from threats and attacks by violent marginalized groups. Civil rights groups, journalists and victims of police violence fear that the measure could curtail press freedom and mask brutal behavior by security forces.
Four police officers charged with violence against blacks in Paris
Recent cases of police violence in France have made the debate more explosive. On Thursday, video images of officials beating a black music producer in Paris appeared.
After the brutal police operation, the four police officers involved were charged. Three of the four officials have to answer for “willful violence by a person with sovereign authority” and “forgery”, as the AFP news agency learned on Monday from judicial circles. Accordingly, two police officers came into custody after the charges were brought on Sunday evening, the other two were released subject to conditions.
The music producer Michel Zecler was beaten, kicked and racially insulted by police about a week ago. The case had become known through footage from a surveillance camera and had caused horror across the country. The four officers were then suspended and taken into custody.
One of them is charged with throwing a tear gas grenade in the basement of the building where the attack took place. He was charged with “willful violence” on Sunday evening.
The case caused horror across France
The four police officers had told investigators that the producer had not worn a corona protective mask on the street and had then attacked. However, the video images only show how the police hit the producer in the face, kick him and beat him with the baton.
Zecler himself said the police attacked him for no reason. “They said ‘dirty negro’ several times and beat me up,” he said when he filed a complaint against the police with his lawyer.
The case had caused horror across France. After soccer stars like Antoine Griezmann and Kylian Mbappé, President Emmanuel Macron was also appalled by the video images. On Saturday, more than a hundred thousand people across the country took to the streets against police violence.
“It’s going to be intense” : mix of excitement and stress this Wednesday, at The very small bookstore, in the XXe arrondissement of Paris, three days before the reopening announced the day before by Emmanuel Macron. “People want to come back and they let us know. We must hurry “, anticipates Hervé Beligné, one of the co-managers of this brand, located in the Porte de Bagnolet district, which will celebrate his two years in December. Shops will have to respect a strict health protocol, which should be detailed Thursday by Jean Castex. “We are much less worried than in the first confinement, because we were able to maintain an activity” thanks to the sale of books to take away, details the bookseller, who nevertheless concedes “A big shortfall” over the period of November, which is very important during the year, in particular because of the literary prices.
The famous “click and collect” – which allows you to reserve a book online and collect it on site – has nevertheless enabled the bookstore to stabilize compared to 2019. Small downside to this digital option: “We sold almost exclusively adult literature and comics. For young people, it was a collapse, surely because people could no longer come and search the bookstore ”, assures the one who thanks Riad Sattouf and his volume 5 of theArab of the future, real star of containment. The store has even considered aligning itself with the standards of essential businesses, by starting to sell bread, in recent weeks, in partnership with a baker from Ménilmontant. “In the end, we didn’t use it to open. But I think we will make the project sustainable ”, Hervé smiles, convinced by the initiative.
Naza Mokhtary in the Emile youth bookstore, rue Emile Zola in Paris. Photo Marie Rouge for Liberation
In the west of the capital, rue Emile Zola (XVearrondissement), Naza Mokhtary, who has been running the Emile youth bookstore for 15 years, points to another limit for “click and collect”: an increase in the workload. Between calls, emails, orders, shipments, “Each sale takes four times longer”, she estimates, installed in the back of the shop in the middle of shelves filled with books for children. The bookseller does not want to transform “In a warehouse that scans references”, but hope “Regain contact with customers as quickly as possible”, The most beautiful “Facet of the profession” according to her.
Reconfinement, she got it first “Lived as a betrayal”, with the controversy surrounding Fnac, all of whose departments had initially remained open. Forced to put his team in partial activity, maintaining activity allowed him to stay in the nails, with “A little less than 50%” of annual turnover so far.
In front of the Emile youth bookstore in the XVe arrondissement. Photo Marie Rouge for Liberation
“Happy” of the reopening, Naza Mokhtary remains nonetheless suspicious, without a definitive health protocol. Certainly, she and her staff are better prepared than during the first confinement. This time, no need to chase masks, and the store has 15 liters of gels in stock. But two points make it tilt. The welcome gauge, first, announced at 8m2 per customer. “It’s too much” for its 44m store2. “The majority of my clients are parents with children, in strollers. I’m not going to tell them to leave them outside ”, fear the one who does not want to endorse “The role of the baton cop”.
Another problem raised: the recent assumption by the government of the costs of sending books. A system that allows booksellers to charge their customers only for postage, at the minimum legal rate, ie 0.01 euros. “It’s a windfall effect that we dislike”, assures Naza. The one who would rather “The cost of sending is real” ensures that the majority of booksellers “Would not like to send more books, but rather see people push the door, and advise them”.
Anne-Laure Vial, co-manager of the Ici bookstore, in the Grands Boulevards district. Photo Marie Rouge for Liberation
Going through the two floors of her immense Ici bookstore – the largest independent bookstore in the capital – nestled in the Grands Boulevards district, Anne-Laure Vial, co-manager, says nothing else. At Ici, the “click and collect” generated 50% of the usual revenue in November, with an average of 200 daily orders. Anne-Laure points to a dedicated shelf, as well as a multitude of orders waiting in front of the entrance. If the top floor is already presentable, this is less the case at the bottom, where piles of cardboard boxes are piled up near the shelves.
Behind the scenes, its ten employees are active. Everything should be ready for the reopening to the public on November 28. «All month ping-pong on the shelves, it was a bit violent. Even though people were very happy to be offered an alternative to Amazon ”, abounds Anne-Laure Vial. With customer feedback, however, it is a “Beautiful pressure that falls”. “We will finally be able to reconnect with cultural trade”, rejoices the co-manager. All the same remains to manage the flow of customers, in this space of about 500m2. With the signposted route, the spacing of the checkouts and the maintenance of the order pick-up counter, the co-manager remains confident. It even plans to use the café space, which will remain unusable, the bistros not being able to reopen before January. Only the literary events that the bookstore used to organize every week will be missing: “We would like to resume, but for now, it is not the priority.”
The brake on real estate is confirmed in Paris, according to the latest barometer of notaries, published Thursday, November 26. Sales fell sharply over one year (-34%, at the end of the third quarter) which is not a surprise, given the stoppage of activity during the spring with confinement.
A slight drop is looming
But the novelty is that prices are no longer soaring in the capital. The 11,000 € / m2 will not be reached at the end of the year, as the professionals anticipated. ” The prices couldtrend downward in the capital in January 2021 and the annual price increase could become the lowest in Île-de-France », Affirm the notaries, based on the preliminary contracts which have just been signed.
→ MAINTENANCE. Real estate: “The rise in prices will slow down a bit”
The average price per m2 was € 10,790 in the third quarter of 2020. At the start of 2021, it would stand at € 10,720, a decline of 1.2%. But this decline will not erase the increases of the first part of this year. “In January 2021 and compared to January 2020, prices would increase less rapidly, but still by 4.1% in Paris”, according to the notaries.
Difficulty finding credit
To explain this new situation, several explanations are put forward. First, Parisian prices have become very high compared to the inner suburbs and buyers would more easily cross the ring road to buy real estate, with more space. This trend also seems to be accelerating with the health crisis and the containment measures.
→ READ. Getting a mortgage is getting harder and harder
It is also more difficult to obtain a loan after the turn of the screw imposed by the Bank of France, even if the rates are historically low. The last factor is the decline in foreign customers, which in recent years has helped push prices up. On Paris, ” buyers have regained control of the negotiations and the sale deadlines are getting longer », Note the notaries.
Even apartments in the inner suburbs would not be spared by a market slowdown. The annual price change, which went from 7.7% in the 2nd quarter of 2020 to 6.8% in the 3rd quarter, should therefore continue to moderate, reaching around 5.5% in January 2021.
Houses are more and more sought after
The appetite of Ile-de-France residents for houses is confirmed and the rise in prices continues and will even grow stronger, believe the notaries. On an annual basis, the increase was 4.9% in the second quarter in the inner suburbs, 5.5% in the 3e and could reach 9.5% in January.
→ THE FACTS. The French dream of a house with a garden
For the outer suburbs, the price increase would be 6.2% at the start of 2021, with an average house price exceeding € 300,000 for the first time. In the inner suburbs, the average transaction has already crossed the € 400,000 mark at the end of September. But the offers remain relatively limited and also explain the tensions on prices.
TAfter Paris Saint-Germain’s victory against RB Leipzig in the Champions League, rainer Thomas Tuchel reacted with clear words to critical questions from the media. “They always ask the same questions. Ask this question in the booth when you have the eggs. The players are dead. They gave everything. They left their hearts on the pitch. I’m tired of meeting your expectations! ”Said the 47-year-old after the flattering 1-0 win. A journalist had previously asked whether the Parisian players lacked self-confidence.
In the win against Leipzig with a controversial penalty, PSG had consistently limited themselves to a destructive style of play. “Paris, that was nothing,” wrote “Le Figaro” and “L’Équipe” found PSG to be “expropriated” in their own stadium. Tuchel, whose contract expires next summer, has long been criticized and also has a tense relationship with sporting director Leonardo.
Last season, the million-dollar ensemble was once again French champions in Ligue 1, but failed in the final of the Champions League at Bayern Munich, who secured the triple of the German championship, DFB Cup and premier class. The financially strong PSG investors from Qatar, however, are said to attach particular importance to this international title.
Tuchel, who has so far not been able to win the Champions League with stars like Kylian Mbappé or Neymar in his team, seems to be counted as the coach of the French top club. Before the duel with RB Leipzig, those responsible in Paris avoided giving him a job guarantee.
They will be able to stretch out in the open air, if the location allows it, from December 1 until January 3.
After weeks of closure, businesses “non-essentialWill finally be able to welcome their customers again from this Saturday, November 28th. This is what Emmanuel Macron announced this Tuesday evening during a televised address. And one good news can hide another. Shortly after the president’s speech, the town hall of Paris announced the possibility for traders to temporarily create free outdoor displays during the period. «vitale» end of year celebrations.
Read also :Why some gyms remain open despite the confinement
“In order to promote compliance with health measures of physical distancing and to support them economically, the City of Paris will allow them to create outdoor stands from December 1 to January 3”, on parking spaces or sidewalks, if the location allows it, said the City, confirming information from the Parisian. The principle will be the same as for the ephemeral extensions of terraces that the town hall authorized after the first containment in the spring, each merchant can request it by a simple declaration.
“These extensions can be used during store opening hours”, that is to say until 9:00 p.m. at the latest throughout the national territory, as clarified by Emmanuel Macron. However, outdoor heating will be prohibited and structures must not impede the movement of disabled people or pedestrians on protected passages. In return, Parisian traders will have to “Sign a charter committing them in particular to ensure compliance with health measures in their establishment, the cleanliness of public spaces, the safety of their customers and the tranquility of residents”. Professionals not respecting these commitments “Will be exposed to sanctions”, specified the town hall.
“A very good news”
Relieved to see their curtains up on Saturday, the traders welcome this opportunity. The Confederation of Traders of France (CDF) thus enthusiastically welcomed this initiative: “It is very good news that the mayor of Paris is making this decision», Assures Bénédicte Boudet-Corric, general delegate of the CDF. And all the more so as the new sanitary protocol which will come into force as soon as the shops reopen will be stricter.
Read also :Hairdressers and beauty institutes: the difficult implementation of the new health protocol
While the occupancy gauge was set at one person per 4 square meters, it will be extended to one person per 8 square meters. A handicap for shops “which are on average 30 to 50 square meters. Most will only accommodate 5-6 people at the same time. ” Being able to sell in front of his shop is therefore a major advantage for traders, because “if you can’t push the walls, you can expand thanks to the outdoor space.»
TO SEE ALSO – “All shops and bookstores will be able to reopen on November 28 until 9 p.m.”, announces Emmanuel Macron
Paris. The Paris police have cleared a new refugee camp in the center of the French capital. The emergency services expelled hundreds of refugees from a tent camp on the Place de la République on Monday evening. The officers also used tear gas to clear the site.
Activists had set up around 500 tent tents for refugees there. Last week, the police had broken up a refugee camp under a motorway slip road in the suburb of Saint-Denis. Hundreds of migrants have since been without accommodation.
The police arrived on the Place de la République about an hour after the camp was set up. The officers carried away the tents, some of which were still refugees. Later they used tear gas against the migrants and their supporters.
“You’re too violent. We just want a roof over our heads, ”said the Afghan refugee Shahbuddin. “We are here to show that we have nowhere to go,” said the Afghan Murtasa.
France’s Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin called the pictures of the evacuation of the camp “shocking”. He requested a report from the police prefect. As soon as this is available, he will decide on further steps, wrote Darmanin on the online service Twitter.
The prefecture of police and the prefecture of the Ile-de-France region declared in a joint statement that the construction of unauthorized refugee camps was “unacceptable”. The police intervened to end the “illegal occupation of public space”. AFP / nd
The dismantling by law enforcement of a migrant camp in the French capital Paris, barely set up on Monday night, has given rise to “shocking” images, wrote French Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin, who asked for a “report” from the prefect of police.
“Some images of the dispersal of the illegal migrant encampment on Place de la République are shocking. I have just requested a detailed report on the reality of the facts from the Prefect of Police by midday tomorrow. I will make decisions upon receipt, ”he wrote on Twitter.
Several hundred migrants, wandering since the evacuation of a large exile camp last week, set up a new camp in central Paris on Monday, which the police forcefully dismantled in the evening in including the use of tear gas.
In less than two minutes, around 500 blue tents were deployed under the statue of the Republic, quickly taken over by hundreds of exiles, the overwhelming majority from Afghanistan.
On Twitter, the journalist from Brut Remy Buisine spoke of “an evening of rare violence”: “Thank you for your messages. In 5 years of journalism, it’s probably one of the most emotionally difficult evenings, ”he said.
Barely an hour after the installation, the police began to remove part of the tents, sometimes with exiles still inside, to the cries and hoots of activists and migrants.
And it was finally under the fire of tear gas and de-encircling grenades that a few hundred exiles and their supporters were finally dispersed by the police in the streets of the hypercentre of Paris.