Study warns of gender disparity in academic medicine appointments

Study warns of gender disparity in academic medicine appointments
EFE / Nathalia Aguilar

Medical articles published by women in high-impact medical journals have fewer citations than those written by men, especially if they appear as the first and last signatory, sustains an investigation of the Journal of the American Medical Association (Jama).

The signatories of a scientific study usually have an established order, so that the primary author (the First to sign) is usually the one who has had the idea, coordinates the contributions of the rest and writes the study while the senior author (latest in the signature) is the most consolidated of the group and perform the last revision of the manuscript.

Fewer citations in women’s research

Research from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine (USA) reviewed articles published in the top five academic medical journals between 2015 and 2018.

In that period, of the 5,554 articles published 35.6% had a first lead author and 25.8% a senior author, indicates the university.

Items with women as main authors have been cited cited in other academic studies an average of 36 times, compared to 54 with male lead authors.

This trend extends to articles with senior authors, which have been cited an average of 37 times, while those of their male counterparts received an average of 51 others.

Original articles with women as lead and senior authors were the least cited, an average of 33, while those of men were the most referenced, an average of 59 times.

These magazines publish articles that have passed a Peer Review, conducted by independent scientists.

Barriers to Advancing Your Career

The number of times such a study is cited by other researchers is “commonly used as a metric for academic recognition, influence, as well as professional evaluations and promotions “recalls lead author Paula Chatterjee.

Women academic -add- already face “a series of barriers to advancing your career, and the dating disparity only widens the gap between them and their male companions ”.

The team highlights that some of the journals included in the study focus on the field of the medicine internal, which usually has a higher proportion of women represented than other clinical specialties.

Therefore, they consider that “it is possible that results underestimate the differences in the citations of academic articles between male and female authors ”.

The gender disparities in dating are just one of the ways in which inequalities in academic medicine. The results highlight that the disparities derive in part from the inequalities in the recognition and dissemination of researchChatterjee notes.

An imbalance that will not be solved only with the hiring of more women. Also, you have to ensure that those already in academic medicine “are equally valued and promoted for their contributions and successes”, highlights Rachel Werner, from the Leonard Davis Institute for Health Economics and also an author of the study.


young people who returned from Spain by plane and not by bus risk a fine, “they may have infected other people”

The Flemish health agency “zorg en gezondheid” wants to impose an administrative fine on young people who, despite a cluster of coronavirus infections, still flew back from Spain instead of specially chartered buses. “We are looking at how to motivate it legally, but the possibility is provided for in the regulations,” spokeswoman Ria Vandenreyt said. “We do not think it is acceptable that after all the efforts that have been made for them, these young people got on the plane and could infect other people. “


Referendum. Morena accuses INE of wanting to boycott the exercise

Brunette accused the National Electoral Institute (INE) of wanting boycott the realization of referendum.

The INE replied that his accusation is false, the work of the consultation is in progress and no one challenged -at the time-, the methodology or the guidelines approved by the General Council.

In the framework of the ordinary session of the General Council of the OTHER, the representative of Brunette Before this body, Sergio Gutiérrez, asked to discuss the issue of the popular consultation, within general issues.

In his turn, he warned that the success of the consultation will depend on the dissemination made by the INE.

Read more: For and against, who have spoken out about AMLO’s popular consultation?

“We observe an attempt at a boycott, there is no conviction, I want this exercise to be a success,” he said.

Gutiérrez Luna demanded that the INE intend to install 57 thousand receiving tables of citizen opinion, being that in the electoral process of June 6 last, 162 thousand polling stations were placed.

In addition, he questioned why the INE intends to dedicate only 17 days to disseminating the popular consultation. He demanded that the propaganda of this civic exercise begin.

The morenista mentioned that the problem at the INE is that they want to live in opulence and not allocate resources to issues such as the popular consultation.

He demanded that the 450 million pesos that were approved to be allocated for the voluntary retirement of INE personnel, go better to the popular consultation.

“For you, your priority is having opulence salaries,” he said.

He also questioned why political parties were not allowed to have representatives at each of the receiving tables.

“We do not trust you, we want to have vigilance at those tables, so that this exercise is not boycotted by the INE,” he said.

The Electoral Counselor and President of the Training and Organization Commission, José Roberto Ruiz Saldaña, stated that if there are disagreements with the process that is being carried out for the popular consultation, there was at no time any challenge to the methodology and guidelines.

The works, he mentioned, have been progressing and there is no way, legally speaking, to remake the popular consultation model.

“There has been no boycott of the Commission or the INE,” he said.

Ruiz Saldaña stressed that this exercise is by and for the citizenship, not for the political parties and if it was decided not to have party representatives, it was due to a budget issue.

In the debate, PAN and PRD questioned Morena that if you seek to judge former presidents, you have to act as the only relevant one and not a popular consultation.

The representative of the PAN, Víctor Hugo Sondón, asked Morena not to lie in the propaganda that he carries out about the consultation, since the question rescued by the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation does not specifically speak of bringing former presidents to trial .

The discussion became a plane of accusations between the PRD and Morena, of having drug governors.

Ángel Ávila, representative of the PRD, pointed out that if Morena is interested in clarifying facts of the past, it is not necessary to make a consultation, he can approve a Truth Commission that investigates and determines.

He accused that they want to talk about the consultation so as not to deal with issues such as deaths from violence, lack of medicines or Metro Line 12.

He mentioned that Morena asks to clarify facts but President Andrés Manuel López Obrador did not want to receive Governor Silviano Aureoles, of Michoacán.

To this, the Morenoist Sergio Gutiérrez replied that Aureoles is a cynic and a narco-governor.

The PRD refuted him that Morena will be the party of the narco governors and ahead of him will be the head of the state executive in Sinaloa, Rubén Rocha.



Despite lack of resources, INE guarantees transparency in popular consultation against former presidents

The presiding counselor of the National Electoral Institute (OTHER), Lorenzo Cordova, reported that this body is already preparing preparations to open the call for the popular consultation against former presidents, for next July 15.

Despite the fact that the federal government denied him the resources to carry out this consultation, Córdova assured that the INE is in a position to carry out the “most professional” and extensive exercise of citizen consultation to be carried out in the history of Mexico.

Given this, he enabled the site:, where you can access to review official information.

Read also: Vicente Fox asks that AMLO be included in popular consultation against former presidents

In a recording, she explained that the electoral institute began this weekend with field work to locate, invite and train those who will serve as officials of the polling stations, in which citizens can express their opinion of the popular consultation, which will take place on August 1.

For this exercise, he detailed, more than 287 thousand people will be elected, who participated as poll workers in the last elections. Also 57 thousand voting tables will be installed in the popular consultation, “which makes it a democratic and unprecedented exercise”

Therefore, it guaranteed full conditions of “legality, equity, certainty and transparency” for this consultation.

Read also: For and against, who have spoken out about AMLO’s popular consultation?

He assured that this exercise is the first to be carried out at the federal level with the standards of “technical quality and professionalism.” He explained that in each district, approximately, 200 receiving tables will be installed and, each of them, will have 2,000 ballots.

Finally, the president of the INE asked the citizens to find out and participate in this consultation.



The ‘goodbye dance’ of the PES, RSP and Fuerza por México begins, after failing to register – El Financiero

The Supervisory Commission of the National Electoral Institute (INE) formally began the Clearance process of the Encuentro Solidario (PES), Redes Sociales Progresistas (RSP) and Fuerza por México parties, which lost their registration due to the results of the June 6 voting.

During the virtual session, the councilors that make up said committee carried out the insaculation to designate, by means of a transparent ballot box, the auditors who will be responsible for the liquidation of the parties.

These auditors will be the direct managers and intermediaries of the use and destination of resources and property of the political parties during the prevention period, where the General Council of the INE will determine the loss of the registry and the Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judicial Power (TEPJF) will resolve the challenges that the parties may present.

As part of the raffle, Álvaro Martín Bardales Ramírez was selected for the Social Encounter Party, Sergio Francisco Ermida Guerrero for Progressive Social Networks and Samuel Ricardo Egure Lazcano for Fuerza por México.

The Electoral Tribunal has as deadline until August to resolve the lawsuits of nonconformity of the parties.

However, if after resolving the means of challenge against the loss of the registration, the TEPJF concludes that it is not appropriate, the political party may resume its normal operations regarding its operation, as well as in the management of its assets.


“This UFO is unlike any other!” (video)

Could a UFO have been filmed in the sky in Denton County, Texas? This is the question asked by the user who calls himself “EagleRun23” on YouTube. On the video-sharing site, the man posts images of a “bizarre” object in the sky.

“It’s an unidentified flying object for me because I don’t know what it was,” he wrote in the caption. In the video, the children present also wonder: “It looks a bit like a spaceship”.

UFO hunter Scott C Waring was asked about this. According to him, it could well be an extraterrestrial device. “Watching this raw video taken in Texas on a family outing is mind-blowing. This UFO is unlike any other I have ever seen! He told The Express.

The mystery therefore remains unresolved.


Brands veto influencers who supported the Green Party in electoral ban

The consequences

Seven of the 103 influencers who supported PVEM were part of the talent agency Epik Talent. Its founder and CEO Pablo Ahumada assures that, after seeing the content that the actors he represented shared on social networks, he made the decision to stop working with them.

“We are nonpartisan and we are in favor of free voting, but we do not share or support the positions of the people involved,” he says. “The fact that we work with them does not make us responsible for their actions or mistakes. What they did does not match the values ​​that we have as a company ”.

“We already had to take actions, for the moment leaving the labor relationship, it no longer exists with them, that is the reality,” adds Ahumada, who assures that he had contact with brands and companies with which he works to explain the decisions that had been made. within the agency and, thus, avoid the loss of clients.

“At this very close moment, no one wants to associate with someone who was involved, we spoke with them (clients) and communicated our position. The relationship did not end as companies, “adds the founder of Epik Talent.

Claudia Benassini, a professor at LaSalle University and a specialist in digital marketing, assures that this strategy of using influencers is something that will be imitated in the 2024 elections “because it is pulling people, it has proven to be effective, although that does not mean that it is ethics, but the idea of ​​staying in the mind of the voter becomes attractive for political parties.

However, the experts consulted agree that it is a practice that, beyond benefiting the parties, ends up harming the influencer marketing industry, since although it has had significant growth in recent years, there are still brands that do not trust in strategy, they see it as a taboo.

“These things affect, they become a bad image for our work. Brands are going to end up not hiring influencers and that hurts us all ”, says Gerardo Sordo.

In this sense, the industry proposal is clear: advertising through influencers and content creators must be regulated and transparent. In Mexico there must be a law that allows the effective management of these strategies.


In Edomex, INE will withdraw victory for exceeding campaign spending limit

The National Electoral Institute (INE) warned that who fails to deliver the campaign spending report or exceeds the campaign spending limits that were established at the federal, state and municipal level or public money or money of doubtful origin has entered, he will lose his majority and will not be able to assume the position in the Legislatures or in any city council.

In an interview with MILLENNIUM, Mexico state, the member of the local INE Board in the State of Mexico, Joaquín Rubio Sánchez, indicated that the nearly 2 thousand opinions of those who participated in the State of Mexico will be ready before they take a protest and with enough time for them to go to court and exhaust all their rights.

In these reports It will be known how much private money entered the campaigns and if the parties exercised all the public resources or they will have to make refunds to the State or Federation treasuries, because in previous processes some candidates have managed to win them with an investment of 20 pesos and others have lost with expenditures close to the legal limit.

Based on the electoral calendar the first campaign spending report was due from May 30 to June 1 for each of the elections in which it participates, for a period of 30 days, during the following three, where must indicate the origin and amount of all their income, as well as their application and employment.

During the following 10 days, the Technical Control Unit will be in charge of reviewing the supporting documentation and accounting and will continue to monitor; the second report is presented online, between June 3-5 and there will be another 10 days for the review.

The member assured that despite the number of reports that are reviewed throughout the country, the INE will comply with the established times so that no one who has violated the law can take office. He anticipated that they have come a long way because the audit was done practically in real time.


For it, in the State of Mexico they had 82 verifiers who carried out between 60 and 100 verification acts a week each and on Election Day, they went around the polls to ask polling representatives and general representatives about expenses.

Now they continue working to have the corresponding opinions approximately on June 20 and refer them to the Technical Inspection Unit, since they do the administrative part and the INE will say if there is someone who did not comply.

According to the law, if the difference between first and second place is less than 5 percent, they will not be able to take office because the Court can order the annulment of the election and if this is not the case, an economic sanction is imposed.

Anyone who exceeds the spending limits could appeal to the Court that it will be who has the last word on the matter and therefore the opinions will be presented with enough time so that they can resort to a second instance.

What are these limits?

Each candidate for a federal deputy had a ceiling of 1.6 million. To level local district ranges from 6.6 to 10.5 mp by formula. In the municipalities went from 268 thousand 860 to 38.5 million pesos per payroll.

The 12 territories with the lowest cap

  • Ayapango, Chapultepec, Ecatzingo, Isidro Fabela, Ixtapan del Oro, Nopaltepec, Otzolotepec, Papalotla, Santo Tomás, San Simón de Guerrero, Texcalyacac ​​and Zacazonapan.

Top 10 of the highest caps

  • Ecatepec: 38.5 mp.
  • Nezahualcóyotl: 26.5 million pesos.
  • Naucalpan: 21.3: mdp.
  • Toluca: 20.5 mp:
  • Tlalnepantla: 17.2 million pesos.
  • Chimalhuacán: 14.6 million pesos.
  • Cuautitlán Izcalli: 12.7 million pesos.
  • Atizapán de Zaragoza: 12.5 million pesos.
  • Tultitlán: 11.4 million pesos.
  • Tecámac: 10.4 million pesos.



Consultation to judge former presidents must be held in August, orders the Court to the INE – El Financiero

The First Chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN) dismissed as inadmissible the constitutional controversy that promoted the OTHER against the decrees that regulate the popular consultation to prosecute the last five former presidents, which will be done.

“Actor National Electoral Institute, the project proposes. First: The constitutional controversy is appropriate, but unfounded ”, the ministers resolved in a public session held this Wednesday by videoconference.

With this, the ministers confirmed the validity of the Decree issuing the call for popular consultation issued by the Congress of the Union and published in the Official Gazette of the Federation, on October 28, 2020.

They also endorsed the Decree amending the first transitory article of the Decree issuing the call for referendum published in the Official Gazette of the Federation, on November 19, 2020.

The decision – related to the constitutional controversy 203/2020, promoted by the INE – was not discussed by the ministers and was approved unanimously, along with other issues, in an economic vote (by show of hands).

It should be noted that, in the remote session, the secretary of agreements had a failure, since instead of saying the word confirm, he pointed to the word revoke, which in principle led to believe that the consultation had been canceled, but the error was clarified after the vote.

This case was on the list to be resolved before the elections of June 6, but at the last minute the minister speaker Jorge Mario Pardo Rebolledo decided to withdraw it to include it in today’s session.

According to the background, the OTHER It appealed, first, the “Decree issuing the Call for Popular Consultation”, published in the Official Gazette of the Federation on October 28, 2020.

Likewise, it challenged the “Decree amending the First Transitory Article of the Decree issuing the Call for Popular Consultation ‘published in the Official Gazette of the Federation on November 19, 2020.

In the first of the decrees, it warns that the date of the consultation will be the Sunday, August 1 next; and delimits the question that will be submitted to the population for consideration, which indicates:

“Do you agree or not that the pertinent actions are carried out, in accordance with the constitutional and legal framework, to undertake a process of clarification of the political decisions made in the past years by political actors aimed at guaranteeing justice and the rights of possible victims? ”.

In the second of the contested decrees, it is stated that the Call for Popular Consultation It will enter into force on Thursday, July 15, 2021, without prejudice to the INE taking the necessary actions to carry out the popular exercise.

The consultation was proposed by the Republic President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, in order for citizens to decide whether or not to submit to trial the last five former presidents (Carlos Salinas, Ernesto Zedillo, Vicente Fox, Felipe Calderón and Enrique Peña Nieto).

The case was sent to the Supreme Court who, on October 1, 2020, approved the consultation and determined that the matter of the same it does not violate the federal Constitution.

He noted that the spirit of the Consultation is that citizens have the possibility of undertaking a process of clarification of the political decisions taken in the past, to guarantee justice and the rights of the victims.

However, in the end they modified the question that the president sent them Lopez Obrador, from which they removed any reference to the words former presidents, and avoided putting the names of the last five leaders of the country.

What will the ballot be like for Sunday, August 1?

A week ago, the INE presented the design of the ballot for the Referendum of August 1st.

With various shades of pink, the ballot is watermarked for added security and thus, to avoid counterfeiting.

The question states:

Do you agree or not that the pertinent actions be carried out, in accordance with the constitutional and legal framework, to undertake a process of clarification of the political decisions made in recent years by political actors aimed at guaranteeing justice and the rights of potential victims?

So the options are two: Yes or No.


Studies: Old people react weaker to corona vaccine | 06/09/21

BERLIN (dpa-AFX) – Researchers at the Berlin Charité have found an explanation for why there are still corona outbreaks in old people’s and nursing homes despite double vaccinations. The immune system of old people reacts less efficiently to the vaccination than that of younger people, the Charité announced on Wednesday after two studies published in the journal “Emerging Infectious Diseases”. It is therefore particularly important that nursing staff and visitors are immunized. In addition, hygiene measures and tests remained important. In the medium term, a further booster vaccination for older people is an option in order to improve their vaccination protection.

For an investigation, the scientists worked on an outbreak in a Berlin care facility from February. In addition to 11 nurses without complete vaccination protection, around 20 residents were infected with Sars-CoV-2 in the Alpha variant (B 1.1.7). All but four of them were fully vaccinated with the Biontech (BioNTech (ADRs)) / Pfizer vaccine. The four unvaccinated became so seriously ill that they had to be treated in a hospital. Only around a third of those vaccinated had symptoms such as coughing or shortness of breath. According to the Charité, two vaccinated residents died, but probably not causally of Covid-19.

“On the one hand, we can see from this outbreak that the vaccination has protected the residents of the nursing home as a whole, because the course of the disease was much milder,” says Victor Corman, deputy head of the consulting laboratory for coronaviruses at the Institute of Virology. “At the same time, the increased number of infections makes it clear that the vaccine is sometimes not fully effective in old people.”

In the second study, the research team compared the immune response to the Biontech / Pfizer vaccine in patients over 70 years of age at a family doctor’s practice with that of Charité employees, who were on average 34 years old. Blood analyzes showed that just three weeks after the first dose, around 87 percent of the younger ones had developed antibodies against Sars-CoV-2. Among the older it was only around 31 percent. One month after the second dose, almost all young people vaccinated (99 percent) had specific antibodies in their blood. Among the elderly, it was around 91 percent. In addition, the antibodies matured more slowly in the elderly, so they were less able to bind the virus. The second important arm of the immune response, the T-cell response, was also weaker.

“Our study shows that in older people the immune response is significantly delayed after vaccination and does not reach the level of young vaccinees”, summarizes Leif Erik Sander, vaccine researcher from the Medical Clinic with a focus on infectiology and pulmonology./vl/DP/fba