Convicted arms supplier to the NSU: First prison sentence served

Carsten S. was convicted of supplying arms to the NSU trio and was the only one to fully unpack. Now he has served his sentence.

He was the only one to fully unpack in the NSU trial: Carsten S., now in freedom Photo: Andreas Gebert, dpa

BERLIN / MUNICH taz | He was the only one who gave full testimony in the NSU trial who credibly regretted his actions. And the only one who accepted the judgment of July 11, 2018 and began his prison sentence: Carsten S., sentenced to three years of youth imprisonment, as a weapons supplier for the terror trio. Now he is also the first to have served his sentence and to be free again.

In the spring of 2019 Carsten S. started his imprisonment. A spokesman for the Munich Higher Regional Court of the taz confirmed that he was released on June 12 this year. He has served half of his sentence, the rest has been suspended. This is possible for juvenile prisoners. Carsten S.’s lawyer, Johannes Pausch, also confirmed the release. “He regrets what he did to this day, she will never let go of him. But he is also confident that he can start a new life now. “

Where Carsten S. was in custody remains a secret to this day, as the 40-year-old is in a witness protection program because of his statements. Even his lawyers do not know, according to their own information. Just as little where S. now lives – under a new name. He is currently reorganizing his everyday life and looking for a job, said Pausch.

Carsten S. belonged to the right-wing extremist scene in Jena in the 1990s, as did the later NSU terrorists Uwe Mundlos, Uwe Böhnhardt and Beate Zschäpe. When they went into hiding, supporters used him to keep phone contact. In 2000, the then 19-year-old brought the trio their later murder weapon, the Ceska pistol, including a silencer and ammunition. Böhnhardt and Mundlos shot nine people with a migration background with this. The first victim was Enver Şimşek in Nuremberg, exactly 20 years ago.

Carsten S. broke with the right-wing extremist scene shortly after the weapons were handed in and after a preventive detention in another matter. He moved to Düsseldorf, came out as gay and worked for the AIDS service. When the NSU was exposed in 2011 – Böhnhardt and Mundlos had shot each other after a failed bank robbery, Zschäpe had blown up the shelter in Zwickau – the past caught up with S.: He was arrested and was initially imprisoned for four months.

The bereaved forgave him

In contrast to Zschäpe and the three other co-accused helpers, S. testified in the process full of tears, burdened himself and the former NPD functionary Ralf Wohlleben heavily. He apologized to the victims of the NSU. Some accepted this, and asked the court for leniency for Carsten S. There was even a meeting of the bereaved with him.

Carsten S.’s defense lawyers had demanded an acquittal in the process: Your client never thought the murders were possible. The court saw it differently and sentenced him to an accessory to murder. Because S. was an adolescent at the time of the crime, he was sentenced to a youth prison term. Unlike Zschäpe, who was sentenced to life imprisonment, and the other co-defendants, he did not appeal.

In April there was a hearing for Carsten S. before the Munich Higher Regional Court, under the direction of Judge Manfred Götzl, who also spoke the NSU judgment. The convicted person was then certified as having a favorable social prognosis and was granted parole.

The Federal Court of Justice is now dealing with the revisions by Zschäpe and the co-defendants Wohlleben, Eminger and Holger G. In the case of Eminger, the federal prosecutor’s office also appealed. A decision on this is not expected until next year. Zschäpe has been in custody for nine years. The other co-defendants, who received sentences of up to ten years, are still at large for the time being.


20 years after the first NSU murder: Damaged memorial plaques

The NSU series of murders began 20 years ago in Nuremberg. Enver Şimşek was the first victim. Two more murders followed in the city.

The florist Enver Şimşek was murdered by the NSU on September 9, 2000 on this street Photo: Mark Mühlhaus / Attention / Agentur Focus

The cars roar past on Liegnitzer Strasse in Langwasser, on the southeastern edge of Nuremberg. Colorful gerberas are available for purchase under a red and yellow parasol. Ali Toy, 66 years old, is waiting for customers in his station wagon and reads the Koran in Arabic.

On September 9, 2000, the series of murders and terrorism of the so-called National Socialist Underground (NSU) began here in the Şimşek van. At that time, the flower wholesaler of Turkish origin Enver Şimşek was shot several times. Nine more murders of people with a migration history and of a policewoman from Thuringia as well as two bomb attacks in Cologne followed. In 1999 a bomb exploded in a pub in the southern part of Nuremberg, which was probably also laid by the NSU.

Ali Toy, the former employee of Enver Şimşek, lives in the Gleißhammer district, close to the snack bar of İsmail Yaşar, the father of two and the sixth victim of the NSU. Yaşar was killed on June 9, 2005 by the NSU murderers with five shots in the head and upper body. “İsmail Yaşar was a neighbor, I live a little further away,” says Ali Toy and you can tell that of the 47 years he has lived in Germany, he has spent several years in Franconia.

“When I went to the tram, I would greet him, he was always very friendly and we talked a little. He was also innocent. “” Innocent, Toy repeats this word several times in our conversation. When asked whether he feels comfortable in Germany, he says “Yes, of course. Germany is my second home. “

Enver Simsek war als Vertretung too

Toy only works at the flower stand on Saturdays and Sundays when the weather is nice. He receives a commission on the flowers sold. He takes a winter break from November to February. Actually he would have been standing on September 9, where Enver Şimşek was hit by eight bullets. “I asked Enver Şimşek if he could take my place,” said Ali Toy, “because I wanted to go on vacation. I was in Turkey, like every autumn. And so he sold the flowers himself, which I usually get from him. “

Two days later, the father of two, Enver Şimşek, died of serious injuries in the South Hospital in Langwasser. “I found out from my neighbors, who gave me a newspaper clipping and said: ‘Your boss was killed.’ There I was … “, Toy’s voice faltered,” shocked. Enver Şimşek was a good man. “

Toy told the police that he suspected that Enver Şimşek had been killed by a German terrorist group. The investigators ruled out a right-wing extremist background. Only the then Interior Minister Günther Beckstein (CSU), who also lives in Langwasser, pointed out this possibility in a note.

He did not, however, press for this lead to be pursued further. The contact with the German police has always been very good, emphasizes Toy. For the Şimşek family, on the other hand, there were difficult days: the officials showed them the photo of a supposed lover, accused their murdered father of drug trafficking, investigated in the direction of extortion, the special commissions had names with racist connotations such as “Crescent” and “Bosporus”.

Officials suspected relatives

“Without evidence, the murder victims were accused of being involved in a serious criminal environment,” says right-wing extremism expert Birgit Mair and describes an example from Nuremberg: “A witness was shown a film that was made shortly before the attack on Cologne’s Keupstrasse. The woman from Nuremberg then recognized one of the men she had seen shortly before the murder of İsmail Yaşar near the Nuremberg crime scene on Scharrerstrasse. Although the witness said that the men were light-skinned, the investigating officers subsequently only presented her with photos of dark-skinned suspects. “

Mair shares the view of co-prosecutor Seda Başay-Yıldız and Carsten Ilius, who represented victims’ relatives at the NSU trial, that “institutional racism” was a central reason why the series of murders was not stopped. So for the bereaved, shame was added to pain. “For eleven years we weren’t even allowed to be victims with a clear conscience,” said the 34-year-old daughter Semiya Şimşek-Demirtas in 2012 at a memorial event in Berlin.

After Ali Toys boss was murdered, the police regularly patrolled the flower stand to offer him protection, he says. Until the core trio of the NSU was exposed: for ten years. His fear has not disappeared to this day because it is not over yet and there are still many people in the background. When Beate Zschäpe, whom he only calls “this one woman”, was arrested, he was happy. And yet many questions remain. He thinks it is funny that NSU files are kept under lock and key for 30 years. Because the protection of the constitution wants to protect its sources.

“After all, some NSU investigative committees clearly revealed that the neo-Nazi scene was systematically played down by both the investigative authorities and the Office for the Protection of the Constitution,” says Birgit Mair. “Dozens of neo-Nazi informers from the Office for the Protection of the Constitution cavorted around the NSU, police work was hampered by the domestic secret service, which in the case of the NSU crimes was more part of the problem than the solution.”

Memorial plaques damaged at all crime scenes

And she goes even further: “Instead of helping to solve the crimes, various authorities have been and are being shredded and bricked up. Particularly bitter: The constitutional protection authorities continue to work with neo-Nazis and other extreme right-wingers in the form of the informal system. “

In spring 2014 the anti-fascist initiative “Breaking the Silence” was founded with the aim of commemorating the people who were murdered by the right-wing terrorists of the NSU in Nuremberg: Enver Şimşek, Abdurrahim Özüdoğru and İsmail Yaşar. For several years she has also been addressing the NSU’s first bomb attack on the “Sonnenschein” pub, in which the young pub owner Mehmet O. was seriously injured on June 23, 1999 in the southern part of Nuremberg.

“We put up the first memorial plaques in June 2014 as part of a commemorative week,” says Marek Berger from the initiative. “The memorial plaques at all Nuremberg crime scenes were damaged. We had to renew the memorial plaque for Enver Şimşek on Liegnitzer Strasse twice. “

The term “foreigner” for a person who had lived in Germany for 15 years was irritating

Mair points out the uncertainty surrounding the commemoration: “It is commendable that a small stele was erected by local parishes in memory of Enver Şimşek in Liegnitzer Strasse. But this caused a lot of irritation among visitors. The religiously inspired text says, among other things: ‘If a stranger lives with you in your country, you shouldn’t oppress him.’ ”The term“ stranger ”for a person who has lived in Germany for 15 years was particularly irritating.

“The Nazis applauded”

The judgments already passed in the NSU trial are not only appalling to Ali Toy. On the occasion of the written reasons for the verdict in April, 19 lawyers for the accessory prosecution declared the verdict to be a “memorial to the failure of the rule of law that criminalized the relatives of the NSU murder victims for years and has now finally left them in the lurch”. Elif Kubaşık, the widow of Mehmet Kubaşık who was murdered in Dortmund, had already spoken of another slap in the face at the end of the trial.

Nils Hüttinger, street worker in the district where Şimşek was murdered, sees it the same way. “There is nothing worse in victim counseling than: ‘I’m not just passed out, I’m misunderstood.’ Over and over again this setting of hope in something: There are places that listen to me, there is a public that listens to me, maybe justice will be spoken there. And then again no justice is given. “

“What many do not know is that the flower seller and former employee of Mr. Şimşek planted a tree in memory of the murdered man near the former crime scene every year,” said Mair. Ali Toy was born just over 100 kilometers from Şimşek’s birthplace Salur in Turkey. Where there are many flowers. He knows Şimşek’s children from the memorial services. Enver Şimşek’s wife lives again in Turkey, where he was born, says Ali Toy. She no longer wants to be in Germany, where she lost her husband.

Last Saturday, the “Alliance for the Nazi Stop” called for a demonstration at the crime scene in Langwasser under the motto “And we are still calling for clarification”. More than 300 people took part in the commemoration. Abdulkerim Şimşek, the son of Enver Şimşek, said at the rally: “To this day we do not know why our father was killed. It wasn’t a coincidence. And the trial was also a big disappointment. Except for Beate Zschäpe, all of the accused are free. The Nazis applauded when the verdict was pronounced. “


A fight with a model character (daily newspaper Junge Welt)

“Maybe the dream will come true one day”: “Herkesin Meydani – space for everyone” and anti-racist memorial (design by the artist Ulf Aminde)

What is memory and how can it be anchored in public space? The question is of particular concern to those cities in which people fell victim to the terrorist attacks of the »National Socialist Underground« (NSU). Kassel has named a square after Halit Yozgat, who was born in the city and was shot in his Internet café in 2006. Zwickau, where the last apartment of the NSU trio was, planted an oak tree for the florist Enver Simsek who was murdered in Nuremberg, which strangers soon saw off again. Cologne, on the other hand, has decided to create a place in memory of the nail bomb attack in Keupstrasse on June 9, 2004, which will remain permanently anchored in urban life. But to this day this place has remained an urban planning fantasy, the implementation turned into a farce, blocked by a conflict between investor interests, administration and the struggle of those affected for a worthy memorial. Now perhaps there is new movement in the process, which has been stalling for years.

The problem: a site-specific design for a memorial, which includes a view of the scene of the attack as a fundamental component and is therefore to be placed at the intersection of Keupstrasse and Schanzenstrasse, was created without the city having finally clarified the location question. Instead of simply admitting and correcting the failure, people liked to talk about a “complicated mix of things behind the scenes.”

The fallow land in question belongs to a property group that – as it was up to now – wanted to build a five-story office complex on it. But recently the information leaked through that the property had already been on sale since October 2019, and the city also had a right of first refusal for the area, which it only had to use to implement the memorial. So new hope for a worthy memory?

Cologne would not be Cologne if there were a clear situation here. Whether this right of first refusal actually exists or not, says Tayfun Keltek, SPD politician and chairman of the Cologne Integration Council, he does not know either: It probably depends on “how one defines public interest.” If you ask the city administration itself, you get the ambiguous information that “with regard to a possible purchase of the property or the exercise of a right of first refusal”, “the internal administrative votes have not yet been completed” – the city would “the fact that the property is apparently offered for sale “consider benevolently”. The little word “apparently” in this statement suggests that politics not only lacks the means to enforce the existing public interest against private capital interests, but that even those responsible cannot go beyond guesswork. At the same time, it is said, talks between the owners and a private buyer are well advanced. In any case, the city is quite late again.

But what exactly is planned? After an artistic competition five years ago, the Berlin artist Ulf Aminde was commissioned to realize his award-winning design. The first part of his concept is a 30 centimeter thick concrete slab that, as a pedestal, reproduces the floor plan of the house in front of which the five and a half kilos of black powder exploded and 702 carpenter’s nails thrown through the busy shopping street. This place should become a lively square and public meeting point.

The second, no less important part of the memorial is located in digital space: based on the geodata of the floor plan, an app transforms the minimalist foundation into a virtual house, the walls of which consist of a large number of films that users can watch on their smartphones or tablets . This creates a curated archive against racism, a forum for migrant knowledge and the exchange between cultures.

But so far, all of this only exists as a model. In the meantime, Cologne of all things, which is so progressive in its self-perception, is the only German city that does not remember the NSU attacks there. Kutlu Yurtseven, co-founder of the initiative “Herkesin Meydani – Platz für alle”, does not want to accept this fact: “The memorial is more than just a symbolic gesture, it offers a perspective on our migrant community, which is still here and its dignity did not let them be taken. “

The artist Aminde says about his work, for the development of which he has intensively exchanged views with the local residents: »The design is my attempt to raise what can be a culture of remembrance to a new level, where the concrete and the imaginary come together. No sculpture should be placed here, but a productive space that points to the future. “

This makes it all the more incomprehensible how negligently the city of Cologne is handling the possibility of realizing a trend-setting project that promises great appeal. The arduous negotiations with their absurd excesses have to a certain extent become part of the monument itself, if only because the desperation has given rise to an independent movement that has resonated nationwide. For those involved, the struggle for the Cologne memorial has assumed the character of a model representative of the fight against racism and right-wing violence, so that Ulf Aminde says the project is almost the »visualization machine of a political movement«. Perhaps the dream will come true at some point: instead of ruinous gentrification, an anti-racist film archive and a living space for everyone.


“NSU 2.0”: Who is Hermann S.? – Bavaria

Hermann S. had hidden the weapons behind cupboards and that quite professionally. The police shouldn’t find her, but the police did find her. She took two pistols and a pump gun, along with batons and pepper sprays. All objects that are prohibited by the weapons law. The Munich Attorney General is now investigating Hermann S. It is a coincidence that for some sheds a different light on another, much more serious charge that S. sees himself exposed to.

Last Friday, the retired police officer from Landshut and his wife were briefly arrested as suspects in the investigation into anonymous threatening emails with the sender “NSU 2.0”. This is the abbreviation for the threatening e-mails, most likely from the extreme right-wing scene, which have been sent to almost 30 people for about two years. Therefore, police searched his house, where they accidentally found the weapons.

Investigators came to S. because the threats sent last week were not sent via an email account with the Russian provider Yandex as usual, but from a provider for encrypted emails from Switzerland under the email address “eugen” .prinz1945 @ “. Prince Eugene was commander in chief in the Great Turkish War of 1697 and is a hero of the right-wing scene. The pseudonym is popular in the right scene and is also used by S. from Landshut. It is not clear whether he is really behind the email address. He denies that himself. Investigators are currently assuming that S. is at most a freelancer, but not the main suspect in the NSU 2.0 case.

Reason enough to take a closer look at Hermann S. and listen to it. On the phone he says to the SZ: The pump gun and the two pistols are “heirlooms from my father’s estate”, from which he did not want to part. “I never fired a shot with them,” says S. and never carried them outside the house. Lifting arms was “a mistake”. S. could face imprisonment of between one and five years if charges are brought. So says a spokesman for the Munich Attorney General’s Office with reservations. He confirms that S. is a marksman and has kept two legal weapons in a gun cabinet in compliance with the rules. So far, S. was well known in Landshut, but not as a gunman or violent, but as someone who bombarded the newspaper with letters to the editor and wrote xenophobic and offensive articles on several internet platforms.

“He likes to incite others, but he’s not the doer,” said Anja König, SPD city councilor and one who has been watching S. for years and received threatening letters even in the last federal election campaign. The sender is unknown. Anja König said that she asked the public prosecutor to check whether her threatening letters came from S. S. rejects this accusation. Even the fact that a man with his views hides illegal weapons in his home is more than worrying for König: “This is a ticking time bomb.” S. writes, for example, for the new right-wing political portal Incorrect, which the Bavarian constitutional protection agency classifies as critical of Islam but does not observe it.

Against the background of the weapon discovery, a contribution from 2017 appears particularly explosive. It bears the headline: “Why I choose the AfD”, the author: Hermann S. He expresses his fear that the violent attacks in Germany will increase due to the high number of refugees and looks “enviously at our Czech neighbors”. The government there enables “every Czech citizen to acquire a weapon for self-defense”. On request S. confirmed the SZ to have written this contribution. He was in favor of a looser gun law, but: “It is not my attitude to take the law into your own hands.” Defense is the sole responsibility of the security authorities.

S. also published on, a platform of the CSU city councilor Rudolf Schnur. In 2015, S. wrote about an impending “German Rape Wave”, a “German rape wave”, which he identified as a result of the high immigration numbers. At that time, Schnur defended the text in the Landshuter Zeitung as legitimate in the sense of freedom of expression. Now he calls him “hard tobacco”. In 2015 he had already separated from S. as the author, who has since written on another blog with similar content (“Are the epidemics coming with the refugees?).

According to the Landshut public prosecutor’s office, S. has been tried four times for sedition, insult, violation of the Data Protection Act and because he is said to have illegally made sound or film recordings. All have been discontinued. S. has not attracted any criminal attention in the past. The constitutional activists are not known as extremists. There is only a note there on the discontinued investigation on sedition. His blog, which is “critical of Islam, but not extremist”, is not observed, says a spokesman, without confirming S. as the operator.

But there is also “content that would be classified as unconstitutional” because it broadly degraded migrants. S. rejects all allegations of being behind the threatening emails of the NSU 2.0. He was convinced that someone wanted to attach something to him. Very strange things have happened lately. For example, he received food that he had not ordered. S. already has an idea of ​​who’s behind it, says S., but he doesn’t want to speculate without evidence. Of course he cooperates with the police.

In addition to the investigation, disciplinary proceedings were initiated against him. In the worst case, his pension could be withdrawn.


“NSU 2.0”: Illegal weapons found in suspect – Bavaria

Investigators have allegedly found illegal weapons in the ex-police officer from Landshut, accused of the right-wing extremist series of threatening letters “NSU 2.0”. This was confirmed by a spokesman for the Munich Attorney General on Wednesday. It was a pump gun and two pistols. Forbidden items such as pepper spray and truncheons were also found.

“In addition to and completely independently of the allegations in connection with ‘NSU 2.0’, there is a separate suspicion for violations of the weapons law,” said the spokesman. The Bavarian Central Agency for Combating Extremism and Terrorism (ZET) is conducting the investigation.

The 63-year-old ex-police officer and his wife were temporarily arrested. He denies the allegations of having anything to do with the threatening letters.

© dpa / / IMEI


Two arrests in Bavaria: Ex-police officer suspected of “NSU 2.0” emails

Almost 70 right-wing extremist “NSU 2.0” emails threaten politicians and celebrities, the addresses come from police computers. The Frankfurt public prosecutor’s office is now reporting two preliminary arrests. A 63-year-old former Bavarian police officer and his 55-year-old wife are suspected of being committed.

In connection with the right-wing extremist “NSU 2.0” threatening emails, the Frankfurt public prosecutor’s office has reported initial success in the investigation. Two people have been arrested for the time being. The suspicion is directed against a 63-year-old former Bavarian police officer and his 55-year-old wife, the agency said. Both had been arrested for the time being, but have now been released.

Accordingly, the public prosecutor, along with the Hessian State Criminal Police Office and the Bavarian police, took action against the couple in Landshut last Friday. The former police officer had previously been noticed for right-motivated crimes. The two are said to be behind the e-mails with offensive, hateful and threatening content that was sent to members of the Bundestag and other addressees. Since there were no conditions for an arrest warrant, the two suspects were released. The evaluation of the data media seized during the search and the further investigations were still ongoing.

In the past few weeks, it had become known that several public figures – especially women – had received threatening letters with the “NSU 2.0” signature. Hesse’s Interior Minister Peter Beuth from the CDU spoke of 69 such letters. The non-public data of some of those affected were queried shortly beforehand by Hessian police computers. The federal prosecutor had announced on Monday that she currently sees no basis for taking over the investigation. The abbreviation “NSU 2.0” is reminiscent of the terrorist organization National Socialist Underground (NSU).

Recently, the number of threatening letters that had become known had skyrocketed. “The more the topic is in public, the higher the number of threats and the more massive the wording,” said Martina Renner, the member of the Left Bundestag concerned. This escalation must be broken through successful investigations, but also with a clear message: “We, as committed, active women, are in no way intimidated by this.”


More than 400 lawsuits against police officers

BFurthermore, according to a report by the “Welt am Sonntag”, more than 400 administrative, criminal or disciplinary proceedings against unauthorized data queries have been initiated by police officers since 2018. This was the result of a survey of the interior ministries and data protection officers of the sixteen federal states and the federal government, whereby no figures were given from Saxony-Anhalt.

Depending on the federal state, the control mechanisms and powers of prosecution differ. If civil servants in Baden-Württemberg had to justify every 50th query, Hesse only requested this for the 200th query – and only since 2019. In federal states such as Saxony, Hamburg or Baden-Württemberg, data protection authorities punished administrative offenses, in other countries the authority lacked the necessary powers .

Federal Interior Minister Horst Seehofer is therefore considering tightening protective measures. He would check whether access could be restricted by querying biometric characteristics, said Seehofer in Berlin. “Data access is a very sensitive matter and should therefore be protected with the highest standards.” Opposition politicians had previously requested this.

Numerous threats

In the past few weeks it had become known that several public figures – especially women – had received threatening letters with the signature “NSU 2.0”.

Hesse’s Interior Minister Peter Beuth (CDU) spoke of 69 such letters on Tuesday. The non-public data of three affected persons had been queried by Hessian police computers shortly before. This leads to the suspicion that information from Hessian police systems has been used in threatening letters in these three cases. So far, a temporal, but no causal connection could be proven.


We go through it together (

Greetings to the OberSTRUMPFbandführer – you won’t get us small. «This announcement by Seda Başay-Yıldız on Twitter a week ago triggered a wave of solidarity. The lawyer, who represented the family of the murdered Enver Şimşek in the Munich NSU trial, has been threatened by neo-Nazis with hate mail and hate letters since August 2018. Başay-Yıldız thinks it’s enough now. And she is not alone. “We are not intimidated: That is the clear message,” says Berlin cabaret artist Idil Baydar, who has now teamed up with Başay-Yıldız and the left-wing politicians Janine Wissler, Martina Renner and Anne Helm, who were also attacked by mail and letters, to support each other.

“This force was not put together voluntarily. But I’m happy to have such great women at my side, «writes Anne Helm, leader of the Left Party in the Berlin House of Representatives, on Twitter with a view of her fellow campaigners. You stand together and fight together to finally see investigative successes, says Idil Baydar to “nd”. »The women are all so great! We all come from different areas, but it gives me so much strength that we stick together and go through it together, «says Baydar. Like Başay-Yıldız, Helm, Wissler and Renner, Baydar has received several letters – signed with »NSU 2.0«. The cabaret artist found out from the press that her data was also accessed by a Hessian police computer.

It is not the first time that the 45-year-old has received death threats. There were a total of eight in the past year alone, in the case by SMS, signed with »SS-Obersturmbannführer«, the last shortly before the memorial ceremony for the victims of the arson attack in Mölln on November 17, 2019 in Frankfurt am Main. If she would deliver the “Möllner Rede im Exile”, her “SS-Obersturmbannführer” informed her, then “I will kill you”. She speaks anyway, under police protection. Like all the others, the drone message also displays them. And like all the others, this process will be discontinued. “The only thing the police did during their so-called security interview was to advise me to change my cell phone number,” reports Baydar. “I’m afraid of the police now.”

What does that say about a democratic state when an artist feels that way? Heike Kleffner, managing director of the association of advice centers for victims of right-wing, racist and anti-Semitic violence based in Berlin, can understand the fear. “Apparently, contrary to all public assurances, the threatening emails of the NSU 2.0 were not taken seriously by the investigative authorities for a long time.” Kleffner also does not want to rule out an extreme-right network. It refers to the murder of Walter Lübcke. »The CDU politician was also on enemy lists. The women can expect the perpetrators to do what they say they will do. «

“The emails are a mixture of formal official speech and explicit depictions of violence and rape,” says left-wing politician Anne Helm to “nd”. She has received five such emails in the past few days. »The perpetrators have a clearly fascist view of the world. This is clear from the letters. «The exchange with the other affected women is also very important for them, because the personal information that the perpetrators have has massively increased the threat situation for women, said Helm, who is also the spokeswoman for the Berlin left faction for strategies against right is.

If you talk to Idil Baydar about the perpetrators, it quickly becomes loud. She almost shouts in her deep voice: “I really ask myself: What are these guys actually taking?” It suddenly sits there, her other self with the “blatant language” – Jilet Ayşe. Thousands have already clicked on their videos on the Internet. Jilet is a YouTube star. In a tracksuit and hung with fat clunkers, she tells about the daily problems between Turks and Germans and confronts the audience with their own prejudices against migrants. Baydar says that she had to learn Jilet’s language first. Her work as a social worker in Berlin-Neukölln, and especially at the Rütli School, was definitely helpful. At some point in 2011, she just found Jilet on the streets of Berlin.

Baydar grew up in Celle, Lower Saxony. In the sandpit, Idil Baydar hears for the first time that her name is not a German one. “I didn’t really think about it because I couldn’t put it in a larger context.” Back then, Baydar says, she also thought it was perfectly normal for every child to go to Turkey every summer. That was also not an issue at the Waldorf school she attended in Celle. It wasn’t until she was 15 when she moved to Siemensstadt in Berlin that she started to play a role in who is what. »I was made a migrant, even though I was born here and therefore part of society. And that as a Waldorf student. And I was still at the boarding school. It couldn’t be more German. «

With the pogroms in the 1990s, the wind turned completely. “I was 18 years old and experienced pain for the first time regarding my identity in Germany,” says Baydar. “I was crying because I didn’t understand why Turks were killed.” Then the rage came. And later, finally, Thilo Sarrazin with his confused selection theses. “Then I thought: Okay, you want the Kanakin. You could have it! ”She rapped, appeared on television, played theater, and last year she was on tour with her own program.

Today, says Baydar, she knows that “the Sarrazin thing” was just the beginning. The NSU murder series, the neo-Nazi attack on and in the Munich Olympia shopping center, the murder of Lübcke, Halle, Hanau: what’s next? »The perpetrator-victim reversal and the institutional racism of the police investigations in the NSU complex have permanently disturbed the trust of many in the police. What has always been missed: listening to those affected, taking their demands for profound changes seriously – the police have largely missed this opportunity and opportunity after the NSU complex, «says Heike Kleffner to” nd “.

Meanwhile, Idil Baydar was offered another conversation with the police. The new Hessian special investigator Hanspeter Mener also contacted her. »In the past, my trust in the police has really not been strengthened. I think it would be nice to be told what is going on there, «says Baydar. And she also wants her “concerns to be taken seriously”.

Baydar is going on vacation next week.


“It is an incredibly painful experience for victims and survivors” (

Barbara John, Federal Government Ombudsman for NSU Victims

Photo: dpa / Christoph Schmidt

Magdeburg. The federal government ombudsman for the victims and survivors of the right-wing terrorist NSU, Barbara John, has criticized the unequal treatment of victims and perpetrators in terrorist processes. For victims, survivors and co-plaintiffs, it is often “unbearable” to have to relive the murderous events in the trials, said the chairwoman of the Berlin Joint Welfare Association and former Berlin immigration officers to the Evangelical Press Service (EPD) on Wednesday. At the same time, the perpetrator is given a stage where he can “present himself and wave like in a theater” and also find his followers.

“It is an incredibly painful experience for victims and survivors to hear it,” said John, who cared for the families of the right-wing terrorist victims in the NSU trial, which spanned more than five years. In addition, the victims and relatives are hardly heard in such court hearings. “The question is, is it inevitable in such processes that the perspective of those affected and their relatives takes a back seat,” said the ombudswoman. This question should also arise in the case of the Halle assassin in Germany.

The main trial against Halle’s assassin, Stephan B., continued on Wednesday in Magdeburg. The video was shown that B. had broadcast live on the Internet during the act. The co-plaintiffs should also have the opportunity to ask the defendant questions.

Stephan B. committed an attack on the Halle synagogue on October 9, 2019, shooting two people and injuring others. The federal prosecutor charged the 28-year-old with murder in two cases and attempted murder in several cases and other crimes. There are 43 co-plaintiffs represented by 21 lawyers.

The acts of the National Socialist Underground (NSU) by Uwe Böhnhardt, Uwe Mundlos and Beate Zschäpe between 2000 and 2007 fell victim to nine people with a migration background and one police officer in eight cities, according to the authorities’ findings. As the only survivor of the core group, Beate Zschäpe was sentenced to life imprisonment by the Munich Higher Regional Court on July 11, 2018. epd / nd


Right-wing extremism – New threatening letters surfaced – Politics

After a series of right-wing extremist threatening letters, further cases have become known. An anonymous author sent at least two emails with identical content to a total of 15 recipients on Friday – signed with “NSU 2.0”, the reported Welt am Sonntag. In addition to Hesse’s Minister of the Interior Peter Beuth (CDU), the recipients also include left-wing politician Janine Wissler and cabaret artist Idil Baydar, who had previously received threatening letters. According to information from the German Press Agency, a new email of this type went to a number of recipients known to the public. The new Hessian police chief Roland Ullmann is apparently mentioned in it.

The Welt am Sonntag reported that the name of the WdisappearCorrespondent Deniz Yücel on. Yücel told the newspaper: “I find it disturbing that I can only research my worldColleagues had heard of this threatening letter. “Neither the police in Hesse nor in Berlin, where Yücel lives, would have contacted him so far. Yücel was in the headlines again and again because of the actions of the Turkish judiciary against him – he recently became sentenced to two years and almost ten months in prison for absenteeism for terrorist propaganda.

Two other women are addressees of threatening letters

A spokesman for the Hessian Ministry of the Interior in Wiesbaden said that with such threatening e-mails, the responsible public prosecutor decides what can be disclosed to the public. The public prosecutor’s office in Frankfurt was initially unavailable for comment. The spokesman for the Hessian Ministry of the Interior said that citizens threatened with right-wing extremist emails, most of whom lived in Hesse, would be contacted by the state criminal investigation agency. It assesses the threat and takes “the appropriate protective measures”. In the case of citizens of other federal states, the competent authorities there would be informed if necessary.

The Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung also reported that in addition to the previously known cases, two other women were targeted by threatening letters. A Berlin columnist and a criminal lawyer from Munich told the newspaper that the Hessian police had informed them last year that letters had been intercepted that were attributed to the same source. Both women wanted to remain anonymous for their protection.

The public prosecutor’s office in Germany is already investigating several cases of extreme right-wing threatening letters. Some of the mails were signed with “NSU 2.0”. In three cases, personal data of those affected had previously been requested by Hessian police computers. In the meantime, State Interior Minister Beuth no longer rules out the possibility of a right-wing network in the Hessian police. A special investigator was used.