China is increasingly decoupling from the global economy

Beijing, Berlin, Düsseldorf Mostly once a year, China’s head of state and party leader Xi Jinping gives a speech to high-ranking ministry and provincial leaders at the Central University of the Communist Party, which sets the course for the year. But this time it had a special meaning. Because the five-year plan is currently being finalized, which should set the course for the economy in the People’s Republic from March to 2025.

Foreign company representatives may not have liked what Xi said behind closed doors earlier this week. “The most essential feature of building a new development pattern is to achieve a high level of self-sufficiency and self-improvement,” says Xi. ”

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Nokia seeks leadership in 5G cellular standard

Espoo Nokia aims to regain leadership in the 5G cellular standard in 2021. It is expected that the margins in the network business will be around zero in the coming year, but there will be significant improvements in the long term, as the network equipment supplier announced on Wednesday in Espoo, Finland. The margin indicates how much profit a business brings.

Nokia says it aims to take a leadership role in technology across all business segments in which it wants to be active. The new CEO, Pekka Lundmark, pointed out that the world is facing major problems, such as environmental issues, resource scarcity, injustice and a standstill in productivity. Technology will be an important part in solving such problems. “We position Nokia as a leader in a changing world,” he said.

As emerges from the update of the corporate strategy published on Wednesday, Nokia wants to develop its products for the so-called Open RAN and virtual RAN. Open RAN is a type of architecture that allows operators to use accessories from different providers. The virtual RAN can be used as software for generic hardware.

Lundmark is pushing the telecommunications equipment manufacturer’s transformation as the introduction of fifth generation wireless networks picks up speed. He wants to sacrifice short-term profitability in order to gain shares in the 5G market, where the Finnish company does poorly on contracts. At the beginning of the year, Nokia was unable to get an order from Verizon Communications, which ultimately went to competitor Samsung Electronics.

The outlook for 2021 will not change at Nokia: The group continues to expect an adjusted margin of 7 to 10 percent.

More: Federal government tightens rules for Huawei in Germany


Nokia 5.4: middle class with update guarantee

Quadruple camera and large display are now almost standard even in the middle class smartphone, but the Nokia 5.4 still stands out from the crowd of 200-euro smartphones: It comes with an update guarantee. The device, which will be available from mid-January, will be provided with monthly security patches for three years as part of the Android One program. There are also two upgrades to new Android versions. According to Nokia, the upgrade to Android 11 will start in the first quarter of 2021.

Nokia equips the 5.4 with a 6.4 inch LCD screen that only displays HD + resolution (1560 × 720 pixels). Other devices in this price range are mostly FullHD, for example the recently introduced Realme 7.

The heart of the Nokia is a processor from Qualcomm. The 5.4 is powered by a Snapdragon 662 (4 × ARM Cortex-A73 with up to 2 GHz and 4 × ARM Cortex-A53 with up to 1.8 GHz) including 4 GB of RAM. The 128 GB memory can be expanded using a microSD card, and the device can also accommodate two nanoSIM cards. Thanks to the jack socket, wired headphones can also be used.

The battery has a capacity of 4000 mAh, according to Nokia it can run for two days. The smartphone should be quickly charged thanks to the included 10 watt power supply. The 5.4 cannot be charged wirelessly. The smartphone shoots photos with a quad camera. In addition to the wide-angled 48-megapixel main camera, a 5-megapixel ultra-wide-angle and a 2-megapixel macro camera can be controlled. Another 2 megapixel lens collects depth information.

Nokia will deliver the 5.4 from mid-January in dark blue and purple. The device, which costs 219 euros, comes on the market with an almost unchanged Android 10.


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That’s how important the Chinese are for the German 5G network


The Chinese telecommunications giant is under special observation in Europe.

(Photo: Reuters)

Berlin, Düsseldorf Germany does not want to exclude the controversial Chinese network supplier Huawei from the 5G cellular network, but is planning strict controls. This is provided for in a corresponding draft law by the federal government, which is available to the Handelsblatt.

The decision will have far-reaching consequences for the network expansion, because Huawei is already a central supplier of equipment for all three network operators in Germany: Deutsche Telekom, Vodafone and Telefónica.

In particular, 5G mobile communications are intended to promote the networking of industry. Therefore, the fear of espionage and sabotage is particularly high. In addition to the European companies Ericsson and Nokia, the Chinese company Huawei is one of the most important network equipment providers for 5G.

However, US and German security authorities have identified Huawei as a security risk. The company disagreed. Huawei did not want to comment on the bill when asked.

The draft of a “Second Law to Increase the Security of Information Technology Systems”, called IT-Sic 2.0 in the Berlin jargon, stipulates that equipment manufacturers such as Huawei must issue a guarantee in which they assure that their technology does not leave any back doors open for cyber attackers.

In addition to a technical test, there should also be a political prohibition. This should give the ministries involved the opportunity to restrict the use of network technology from a political perspective. The plan is against the background of far-reaching state intervention options by the Chinese government on companies in the country.

The network operators in Germany are now facing a problem. They didn’t want to wait any longer for the political decision in Berlin and had already expanded their 5G networks with Huawei. In most cases, they had expanded their existing 4G networks for 5G. Even with 4G, the proportion of Huawei components in the wireless networks is very high: around 65 percent at Telekom, 55 percent at Vodafone and 50 percent at Telefónica.

The dismantling of an outfitter is complex and expensive. A spokesman for Deutsche Telekom said: “We are currently evaluating the extensive draft in detail and will not comment on it in advance.” Vodafone said: “The draft is very extensive, and we will now examine it carefully and use the consultation period. to formulate any concerns – the implementation will in any case present us with challenges. “

A Telefónica spokesman said: “It is important that the envisaged certification quickly creates legal certainty for the use of certain components.” He demanded that the federal government should allow sufficient time for the dismantling if a provider is excluded. On the other hand, several politicians in Berlin had criticized the network operators for having already started the 5G expansion without waiting for the decision on how to deal with Huawei.

The Handelsblatt learned from corporate circles that the mobile phone companies will initially continue to rely on the Chinese for network expansion. The costs would be too high to switch now – the German network operators are not as dependent on any company as Huawei. However, the companies are likely to take a great risk.

Because if the government should exercise its veto and the prohibition reservation take effect, the network operators would have to deal with considerable effort and costs. The Chancellery and the Federal Ministry of Economics had long resisted creating the prerequisites for excluding a provider for political reasons – for fear of the reaction of the Chinese. With this position, however, they could not assert themselves against the SPD and parts of the CDU.

For the US government, the planned decision in Germany did not go far enough. “There can be no trust when telecommunications equipment suppliers are subject to an authoritarian government like the People’s Republic of China, where there is no independent judiciary or the rule of law,” a spokesman for the US embassy in Berlin told the Handelsblatt. The protection of the telecommunications network must have top priority. Otherwise government agencies, companies and citizens would be endangered.


The well-connected telecommunications consultant John Strand even rated the planned decision in Germany as a success for Huawei. The company now has better market access in Germany than many German companies in China, said Strand. In contrast to other countries, there is no network operator in Germany who does not rely on Huawei as a supplier.

This means that companies in Germany would have no choice but to rely on a provider without Chinese equipment in their telecommunications network, warned Strand. “If I were the CEO of a German company, I would be concerned about the security of my data,” said Strand.

Martin Schallbruch, IT security expert at the ESMT University, criticized the fact that the draft law did not clarify the core issue of dealing with Huawei. Even if Huawei passes the technical test, a ministry could later register a political reservation. A final judgment is still pending. “The uncertainty persists, the use of Huawei will become more difficult, the providers will increasingly move away from Huawei,” said Schallbruch, summarizing the draft.

The China reporter for the SPD parliamentary group in the Bundestag, Metin Hakverdi, was “glad that the Chancellery and the Ministry of Economics have finally moved after months of resistance”. He announced: “Of course we will look very closely at the procedure for determining political reliability in the parliamentary legislative process.”

The USA, Australia and several European countries, including France and Great Britain, have therefore excluded Huawei from expanding the network. Most recently, Sweden also decided to ban Huawei, the decision is now a concern of the Swedish judiciary.

More: Government makes it difficult for Huawei to access the 5G network.


In Italy the first Nokia 5G smartphone, that of James Bond – Hi-tech

The first 5G smartphone with the Nokia brand arrives in Italy. Produced by Hmd Global, it is called Nokia 8.3 5G and will be in the hands of the new agent 007 in the upcoming James Bond film “No Time To Die”.

The device has a 6.81 inch LCD screen which houses a 24 megapixel front camera. On the back there is a PureView quadruple camera with Zeiss optics. The main 64-megapixel sensor is flanked by a 12 mp wide angle, a depth sensor and a macro both of 2 mp.

The 5G chipset is Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 765G, supported by 6 or 8 GB of Ram and 64 or 128 GB of expandable internal memory. The battery is 4500 mAh.

With a clean design and a “solid” appearance, the smartphone comes in a single color, called Polar Night. It is an iridescent dark blue, obtained thanks to a metallization technology with a light refraction pattern that allows the colors to mix.

The price is around 600 euros for the 6GB / 64GB version and 650 euros for the 8GB / 128GB version.