Social – When helping becomes a burden – Bavaria

If there is no one to listen, calls for help in the digital age often come by email or Whatsapp. There are a number of such calls for help in Lana Rebhan’s mailbox. They come from young people who have visited the website of the 16-year-olds. Young people who feel like you: They are responsible for caring for relatives, preparing the food, accompanying them to the hospital, listening to them when the seriously ill adults themselves don’t know what to do next. So too Lea (Name changed). She wrote Lana: “I experienced the care situation at home as very stressful and helpless. In the end I had to leave school, even though I was struggling to continue.”

In view of her private experience, the employment agency advised Lea to train in nursing. Mind you, the counselor at the employment agency meant well to her. How could he have guessed what his advice did to Leah? “To me, it was like recommending an abused child to work as a prostitute,” she wrote. “With the term care they simply associate too many negative experiences and feelings,” Lana Rebhan quoted in the state parliament on Monday from Lea’s posting.

For the young people from Bad Königshofen in the Rhön-Grabfeld district, this is the second appearance in the Maximilianeum. Even before her first appearance, she was offering tips online at for young people who are just like you. During the first visit, she made a deep impression on the social welfare committee when she made clear the plight of young people in her have to look after relatives at a young age. That was in April of last year, and Lana was still 14 years old at the time – one of around 35,400 young people in the Free State who have to grow up to support their families long before their time. Ralph Knüttel, member of the regional board of the Johanniter in Lower Franconia, who has campaigned for the interests of young carers for years, estimates that the number of those affected is actually much higher.

Since Lana’s first appearance in the Bavarian state parliament, not much has happened on a political level that could help young people like Lena. The Landtag Greens, who invited the 14-year-old in April 2019 as an expert on the concerns of so-called young carers, were only able to assert one claim: The Ministry of Health prepared a report on existing support offers.

According to the assessment of the social politician of the Greens, Kerstin Celina, this report turns out to be more than sobering, as it says: Half of the specialist agencies surveyed stated that they “do not have any special advice and support offers for young carers”. Nevertheless, according to the Ministry of Health, the young carers – according to the German translation for Young Carer – in Bavaria have “a large and sufficient number of different advice and support options”. However, according to the report, it should also be noted that the available advice and support services are used very little by those affected. The ministry identified “helplessness, fear and shame, a family-related ban on speaking and the taboo on the subject” as the reasons for this.

From the point of view of the Landtag Greens, however, this falls far too short. The existing counseling services are simply not tailored to the needs of young carers. And that begins with the search for spiritual support. “If there is a child and adolescent psychologist in the area, the first contact on the phone usually ends when the children and adolescents are the first to be asked about their health insurance,” said Celina during the press conference. With her parliamentary group colleagues, the social policy spokeswoman for the Greens has now worked out eight proposals that should lead to offers of help that are actually tailored to young carers. It begins with the state government having to start making the problems of these young people known to a broader public. It is about “a culture of looking”.

But it is more important that Bavaria helps to relieve the young people in everyday life: It starts with the provision of psychological help, which should be accessible to the young carers without high thresholds. In some cases, this could save lives, emphasized Lana Rebhan. She reported another call for help that reached her digitally: “Jasmin scratches herself and comes back to school after attempting suicide. Because almost all teachers do not know the term young carer, she had to explain to each teacher individually that her parents are sick and she wanted to kill herself because of all the problems. ” The call for help came from a girl whose parents are mentally ill.


Gastronomy records a 40 percent decline in sales


Gastronomy records a 40 percent decline in sales



Confusion about wrong tests (

It’s good that Bayern Munich have won the last two games without Serge Gnabry, definitely. Last Tuesday, the record champions were startled by the news that the national player had been infected with the corona virus. Now it seems like something went wrong while testing and analyzing the sample. And not only at Gnabry: There has been a lot of excitement in Heidenheim, Würzburg and at Türkgücü Munich in the past few days. This dynamic is a problem for professional football and shows once again the vulnerability of gaming operations in times of a pandemic.

Gnabry’s absence in the games against Atletico Madrid (4: 0) and Eintracht Frankfurt (5: 0) was not noticed, so coach Hansi Flick reacted calmly on Saturday when he spoke about the case. “There is no reason to complain,” he emphasized, “it is that things are the way they are, and we have to accept it that way. Gnabry’s test was negative for the second time this morning and it may also be one of the few cases that tested false positive. “

Few cases? At the second division 1. FC Heidenheim there was a lot of confusion in the days before the game on Sunday against VfL Osnabrück. Initially, the club had reported six positive cases. Two further series of tests carried out on Friday and Saturday then gave negative results. In coordination with the health department, the Heidenheimers trained again on Saturday afternoon. At the same time, the authorities gave the green light for the game against Osnabrück: It ended 1: 1.

But optimal preparation looks different. The association said that the six positive cases were probably due to incorrect laboratory test results. Third division Türkgücü Munich had a similar experience. His game on Friday at FSV Zwickau was canceled after three positive tests, but on Sunday the delegation of the promoted team was allowed to leave the quarantine: Türkgücü reported that the laboratory had announced that the findings were incorrect.

The divergent findings at Türkgücü Munich are to be professionally evaluated by the “Task Force Sports Medicine / Special Game Operations” of the German Football League (DFL) in the coming days. This will probably also include the cases at the Würzburger Kickers. The second division promoted reported on Saturday evening that the alleged infections of the player Douglas and the assistant coach Kurtulus Öztürk and Philipp Eckart had turned out to be “false positive”.

The tests were taken regularly on Friday – they meant that Douglas could not be used in Hamburg. The Kickers lost 1: 3. Only then was he verbally informed by the responsible laboratory that the tests had yielded incorrect results, the association said. It dawned on the Würzburgers on Saturday morning that something could not be right, when quick tests with the team, coaches and supervisors turned out negative. The Würzburger Kickers are now also relying on quick clarification. You have “complete confidence” in the German Football League and its “processing of the process”. Agencies / nd


Munich is laying superconducting cable

IThe world’s longest and most powerful superconducting cable is laid in Munich. It is operated at a voltage of 110,000 volts and transmits an output of 500 megawatts. The twelve kilometer long cable will connect the main Menzing substation in the west of the city and the load center Munich-South. Compared to a conventional underground cable, it can transmit up to eight times more electricity, but it requires less space because the cables can lie close to one another, unlike heat-generating copper lines. They can reach up to 80 degrees. For new cables that are laid in the city center, this means narrower trenches and less traffic disruption. In Munich, the superconducting cables, which, including the cooling duct and insulation, are no thicker than conventional ones, are pulled through existing pipes.

High-temperature superconductors from Theva company in Ismaning are used. Its engineers have succeeded in almost doubling the amount of electricity that a cable twelve millimeters wide and 75 micrometers thick to 1,350 amperes over the past few years. This was achieved through a trick. Normally, the crystal structure of the ceramic superconductor is disrupted when a certain thickness is reached. However, if the molecules of the magnesium oxide layer on which the superconductor grows are not perpendicular, but form an angle of 30 degrees, the crystal remains intact and the superconductivity is preserved.

In contrast to classic superconductors, which only allow the current to flow without resistance when they are cooled to minus 269 degrees, the temperature of liquid helium, the Theva superconductor, which consists of gadolinium-barium-copper-oxide, is satisfied with minus 196 degrees, the temperature of liquid nitrogen. This reduces the energy costs for the cooling system. The overall balance: The Munich cable will save up to eight million kilowatt hours per year, that is the annual consumption of 2,000 households. Stadtwerke München is planning to replace other conventional inner-city cables with resistance-free cables. This is intended to improve security of supply and save further energy.

The cable called Pro Line can also be used in magnetic resonance tomographs because it is flexible. Then these devices, which make the interior of the body visible, are also satisfied with cheap nitrogen. Wind generators can also benefit from the high-temperature superconductors. Generators equipped in this way are lighter and smaller than current ones. The towers could be built slimmer and cheaper. As part of the EU project Eco Swing it has already been shown that such generators work. The proof came from a three-megawatt mill in Thyborøn, Denmark.


Corona pandemic: Munich is dark red – Munich

From this Monday on, stricter corona rules apply in Munich. The reason for this is the further increase in the number of infections over the weekend. The seven-day incidence on Sunday was 100.6, according to the Robert Koch Institute. This means that more than 100 out of 100,000 residents have been newly infected with the coronavirus in the past seven days – in other words: one in 1,000.

The number of reproductions is 1.2 – this means that, statistically, 100 infected people infect 120 new people. With the incidence value exceeding the 100 mark, Munich has reached the “dark red” level on the Free State’s so-called Corona traffic light. This means that the stricter corona rules that the state government has set for this level automatically apply from the following day.

The curfew in gastronomy is brought forward to 9 p.m. From this point on, there will also be a city-wide ban on selling alcohol and drinking publicly in several heavily frequented places. Both regulations start an hour earlier than before and apply until six in the morning. In addition, only 50 spectators or participants will be admitted to events. Only demonstrations, university lectures and church services are excluded.

The theaters are hoping for a special permit from the mayor

All of these new rules will apply at least until the end of the week. Even if Munich fell below 100 on Monday, they would remain in force for another five days. For the time being, the city wants to stick to its exception rule, which exempt primary school students from the mask requirement. The aggravation is likely to hit cultural life particularly hard. The upper limit of 50 participants for events has an impact on theaters and concert organizers, up to 200 spectators were allowed here previously. As part of a pilot project, the State Opera and Philharmonic Hall had permission to even admit 500 spectators.

Several directors of the Bavarian theaters had only insisted on Friday in an open letter to Prime Minister Markus Söder (CSU) that they should continue to play in front of 200 people regardless of the rising number of infections. They justify this by saying that they have long been working with well-functioning hygiene concepts. Sufficient distance between the seats, modern ventilation systems and airy pathways ensured a safe visit to the theater. In fact, no case is known so far in which someone was infected during a performance.

If only 50 spectators were actually admitted from Monday on, that would be a major setback for the theater in the half-way running again. Especially since, for example, the premiere of “Dantons Tod” will take place next Friday at the Residenztheater and “Die Vögel” will be staged by Frank Castorf at the State Opera on Saturday, both of which have long since been sold out.

In addition, a reduction in the number of spectators means an immense bureaucratic effort, according to the State Opera’s press office. For example, all tickets that have already been sold would have to be booked back and performances would have to be sold again. Otherwise you can hardly decide which 50 people are allowed to come and which are not. Not to mention the planning uncertainty for performances that are about to go on sale in advance.

The theaters’ last hope is now on Mayor Dieter Reiter (SPD) or the district administration department, says Ingrid Trobitz, deputy director of the Residenztheater. On the sidelines of the “Stand Up for Culture” demonstration on Saturday, Art Minister Bernd Sibler referred to the special permit that theaters can apply to the city of Munich. It is expected that this question will be resolved on Monday, but plan for the worst. “It’s a shitty situation,” says the new Kammerspiele director Barbara Mundel.

She is already considering shortening productions in an emergency and then playing two or three times in a row in order to reach at least a reasonably acceptable number of people with her art. The speakers of the Kammerspiele, the Volkstheater, the State Opera and the Residenztheater agree that they would also play in front of 50 spectators. Because although it would really not be economical – they do not want to lock up again completely.

Meanwhile, there has been a corona outbreak in the intensive care unit at the Großhadern Clinic of the Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU). There, at the end of last week, three patients tested positive for the corona virus – they were still negative when they were admitted to the hospital. The cases had been reported to the health department, said spokesman Philipp Kreßirer, all contact persons had been identified and tested. Intensive care staff is also affected, but no other patients.

A genetic analysis of the viruses should clarify how the chains of infection have run

The affected employees are in quarantine, “the infection process is limited according to the current status,” said the clinic. The number of employees in quarantine is in the single-digit range. The affected patients have now been transferred back to the normal ward, where they are isolated and receive further treatment.

How the patients got infected is still unclear. They are researching intensively and carrying out a genetic analysis of the viruses, said Kreßirer – so you can see how the chains of infection have run. “We now have to find out what the cause was.” Say who brought the virus to the intensive care unit. Until the results of the investigations are available, which were started on Friday, at least a week will probably pass.


Police in Bavaria: balance after a year of body cams – Bavaria

It is just a small utensil, slightly larger than a pack of cigarettes, which is increasingly seen on police uniforms in the streets. The Ministry of the Interior has great expectations of this yellow box, the so-called body cam. In spring 2019, Interior Minister Joachim Herrmann (CSU) announced that, after a pilot phase in cities like Rosenheim, Bavaria’s police will now be equipped with 1,400 body cameras across the board.

This equipment was completed a year ago. And the balance sheet? Overall, the police have “had very good experiences,” said a spokesman for the ministry on request – for example to de-escalate in action. Or to refute false allegations against civil servants. Such recordings were also used hundreds of times to take evidence in courts.

The experience made the “added value” of the cams very clear, according to the ministry. Due to the recording, there is a higher inhibition threshold to attack officials, the minister had emphasized at the start of the rollout. The camera has “a significant preventive effect”. Herrmann was referring to data according to which attacks against police officers have increased significantly over the years; In 2019, there were almost 8,000 cases of verbal and physical violence. In addition, the Ministry speaks of refuting false accusations. The opposite also applies: In case of doubt, the videos provide evidence of misconduct or harassment on the part of the police; this could become increasingly relevant in the simmering debates about racism.

According to experts, filming can dim the dangerousness of a situation – because a perpetrator knows that his behavior will be clearly documented when the officer presses the button. Nevertheless, it is controversial to what extent triggering the cam further provokes some aggressors. The ministry has not yet had any concrete surveys on operations in the course of the Corona rules, where a heated mood has sometimes escalated in recent months.

Often it is difficult to assess beforehand whether an assignment will be dangerous

The nationwide distribution of 1400 cams does not mean that all officers wear one. Rather, the devices were assigned to departments according to a distribution system that took into account the number of staff or patrol routines: there are usually a few cams per inspection. The bottom line is that cameras have been around for a year. After assessing the situation, police officers or their service group leaders consider whether the body cams should be carried.

There is no obligation for civil servants. While devices apparently rarely remain under inspection in cities, officials in the countryside are more hesitant, according to information from the SZ from police circles. The problem: Often it is difficult to assess beforehand whether an operation will be dangerous; Violence against civil servants often happens out of nowhere, as those affected describe – for example during routine controls. And besides insecure superiors, not all officials should be great friends of the camera; because of the recording of one’s own actions.

According to the findings, the ministry said, the cameras are “highly accepted”. In addition to training, deployment training or good experiences from colleagues at the office also contribute. In North Rhine-Westphalia, for example, where there was a public research report on body cams in 2019, the picture was mixed: police officers saw the cameras as positive, neutral or negative, one third each.

The use or testing of body cams is now practically standard throughout Germany. In Baden-Württemberg there was recently criticism of the new police law, according to which officials are allowed to use cams in apartments in certain cases. In Bavaria, the Police Task Act also allows this – in the case of “urgent danger to life, health or freedom”. This is one aspect along with other concerns that data protection activists in Bavaria often report.

“We are happy that the modern technology is now available at all Bavarian offices,” says Jürgen Köhnlein, head of the German Police Union (DPolG). The camera is a “piece of the puzzle” for preventive protection of the emergency services. And to a certain extent a “child” of the DPolG – so they have always campaigned for it, in the first debates in 2013 also for sound recordings instead of a silent film. It is all the more important to him to “further improve” the user behavior of his colleagues, says Köhnlein.

This is “very different from department to department”. What is needed is “persuasion” – “especially when it comes to the concern that one’s own misconduct could be recorded”. But “an open error culture and impartial follow-up work” are very important; so the cam should “give an objective picture of the incident – no more, but also no less.”


Munich: Living in the Pandemic – Munich

The theologian Susanne Breit-Keßler and the social psychologist Dieter Frey on the effect of the pandemic on society: What to do when you encounter mask refusers and whether it is ethically justifiable to call the police at a corona party.

The bishop comes to kiss when she ponders what could stay with Corona. Or, in other words, what long-term consequences of the pandemic she wouldn’t be so sad about. With a certain joy, Susanne Breit-Keßler actually imagines a kind of social upheaval in Munich. Even in serious times, seriousness must not stifle everything. Before that, however, she weighs more fundamental things when she thinks about her city. Solidarity and scapegoats, partying and denunciation, the virus between young and old. It’s about experiences from the Corona year, about big questions and wishes in the second wave.


Culture demo in Munich: "It highlights the country and makes it shine"

On the Königsplatz, hundreds of cultural workers demonstrate against being ignored by politics. Gerhard Polt answers the question of who is systemically relevant – with a fable.