The golden season of the autumn runs usually begins at the beginning of September, but Corona has shaken this tradition up as well. Many marathons currently take place, if at all, as a closed society for a small elite; like in London, where on October 4th the super characters Eliud Kipchoge and Kenenisa Bekele, among others, will meet. Road running is generally faced with a paradoxical situation: on the one hand, its regular customers jog through the parks more eagerly than ever, on the other hand, its business model – coming together in thousands and enjoying running together with thousands of spectators – has been stifled by the pandemic for an indefinite period of time. The interest group “German Road Races” recently launched an alarming petition: “Save our runs”. And so a scene that has been flourishing for decades and around which an entire industry has grown is worried – from professionals to small family runs.
This Friday evening in Brussels, during the Memorial Van Damme meeting, Mo Farah, British athlete multi-medalist at the 2012 and 2016 Olympic Games, will try to break the world record for the hour. Farah, who lately has more panicked the gazettes for his links with his former and sulphurous trainer Alberto Salazar than for his athletic exploits, has set himself the goal of running over 21,285 meters, the limit set by the Ethiopian Haile Gebrselassie in 2007, on the Ostrava track (Czech Republic).
The track time, forgotten in the world of athletics in reality for a good thirty years, has seen a new impetus thanks to the Covid-19 crisis. The current health rules which must also be respected in the field of athletics do not allow the holding of road races: 10 kilometers, half-marathons or marathons.
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A few exceptions have been and will be made for the most award-winning marathons in the world. The Tokyo Marathon was run in April with, at the start, only elite athletes, invited and paid by the organizers – about forty in total between girls and boys. The next London marathon (October 4) will also be held according to this formula, with the difference close to the course: it will not be the classic, but a circuit of about 2 kilometers, to be repeated several times. A bit like a marathon on a track, where you repeat the passages on the 400 meter ring. Additionally, elite runners like Farah can run a half-marathon (21,097 meters) or so in an hour, a distance they use as a test, normally four to five weeks before competing in a marathon.
This is the case of Sondre Moen, former holder of the European record (2h 05 ’48’ ‘) for a marathon before Mo Farah (2h 05′ 11 ”) himself erases it from the shelves and, after him , the naturalized Turkish Kenyan Kaan Kigen Ozbilen (2h 04 ’16’ ‘). On August 7, Moen (29) ran for an hour on the track in Kristiansand, Norway, covering 21,131 meters. He therefore broke Jos Hermens’ European record, 20,994 meters, set in 1976. However, this record has not yet been validated because of a mess on the shoes that Moen used, the Nike Vaporfly Next, first allowed, then, four days before the competition, removed from the list of shoes approved on the track by World Athletics. “Too late to be able to change shoes, especially since Sondre has a medical opinion to use them because of his tendon problems”, explains his agent Chiara Davini. Whatever, the service remains valuable and the Norwegian from Trondheim will be at the start of the London marathon trying to reclaim the European record for this Olympic distance par excellence.
A rich history
Since then, the tricolor marathoner Morhad Amdouni has announced that he wants to seize the French record for the hour and that he will try to beat it on September 19 on the track of the Charles-Galletti stadium in Lucciana, Corsica. Amdouni will have to run more than 20,601 meters, a distance covered by Bertrand Itsweire in 1990. That day, on the red ring of La Flèche, a small town in Sarth, Dominique Chauvelier was there, wearing a double hat: “I organized and I ran! To perform well, it was not great, but the enthusiasm around this event was magnificent ”, remembers the former French international, holder of the French records of 25,000 and 30,000 meters, and above all bronze medalist at the European Championships in Split marathon in 1990.
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“Track and field back then didn’t have a road racing calendar like it does today. The first meeting to run the hour on track, we had organized in La Flèche, my hometown and that of my club, in 1989. In 1990, we wanted to break the world record. The Portuguese Castro had a crush on him, but Bertrand Itsweire signed the French record which has still been there ever since. And at the end of 1991, we invite the Mexican Barrios who finally breaks the world record [qui a tenu jusqu’en 2007, ndlr]. There were 5,000 people watching TV, the press: a crazy atmosphere, details the Sarthois. Then road races developed, African athletes landed in European competitions, the whole panorama changed. In my time we made a good living running at a high level, today there really isn’t much money in athletics ”, analysis Chauvelier, whose enthusiasm for running remains intact. “I had decided to set up these daily track meetings because I was fascinated by cycling hourly records, in particular by Francesco Moser’s records towards the end of the 80s. Then it speaks volumes for people: you know how many kilometers you can run in an hour, it’s that easy! ”
The world record and the French record rewritten?
By reading the chronology of the French record for the hour, we discover monuments of French athletics, including Jean Bouin and Alain Mimoun. So are the French record and the world record about to be broken? “I believe in the possibilities of Mo Farah, the hour on the track is an effort for a tracker, a specialist of 10,000 meters like Farah. For Amdouni… Well, there was a very nice French championship of 10,000 last weekend in Pacé, in Brittany, where the best French were present, he was not there… We have the impression that he hides ; I have the impression that he is not liked too much by others. I find it hard to see who can help him beat this record among the French… Unless he gets help from Africans. But hey, even in this case, his performance will give grain to grind. You shouldn’t dream too much, anyway ”, thought Chauvelier. Who has an idea behind their heads: “Organize a meeting on the hour for women [à Bruxelles, ce vendredi soir, les femmes s’affronteront aussi sur l’heure], and try to democratize this specialty with a popular event, by creating a small circuit in a beautiful avenue of our French cities. ” Is the future of running in the past?
The 10 clubs of the National League of Honduras approved in an Extraordinary Assembly the competition format of the Apertura 2020 and the bases of the same. The final instances will be played round-trip matches.
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The contest will begin on Saturday, September 26. It will be played with 10 clubs divided into two groups of 5 teams each. In the northern zone is integrated: Real España, Marathón, Platense, Honduras Progreso and Vida.
In the south central zone are: Real de Minas, Olimpia, Motagua, UPNFM and Real Sociedad.
At this stage each club will play a total of 14 games: 5 in the first round, 5 in the second and 4 in the third “intergroup” round.
“From Day 11 to 14 it will be conformed with intergroup confrontations, where each team will play four (4) games against the teams of the other group, all the teams will play two home games and two away games against teams from the other group with the that have not met in the first two laps, “indicate the bases.
All teams will play 7 home matches and 7 away matches in the qualifying stage.
Second phase: Winner of the qualifying stage and playoffs
The first three places in each group will be classified at this stage.
Qualifying stage winner: A series (round-trip matches) will be played between the teams that occupy the first places in each group, to define the winner of the regular rounds. The winner will be entitled to the grand final.
Repechages: A series will be played (round trip), they will face each other as follows:
Serie 1: Second place from Group A against Third Place from Group B Serie 2: Second place in Group B against Third Place in Group A
The teams that came second in their group will close the tap playing at home.
Semifinals: A key will be played (round trip), they will face in the following way:
Semifinal 1: The winner of the (Series 1) will face the First place of Group B
Semifinal 2: The winner of the (Series 2) will face the First place of Group A.
The teams that were in first place in their group in the qualifying phase will close the key playing at home.
Final phase: A series will be played (round trip), between semifinal winners one and two.
Third phase (Grand Final) If the winner of the regular rounds is the same as the “Final Phase”, he will be declared champion (Champion)
Otherwise, two round-trip matches will be played. The winner of the “Final Phase” vs. the Winner of regular rounds.
The Winner of the regular rounds will close the series playing at home.
Tiebreaker criteria for the final stage If there is a tie in points and goal difference in the games, a round of five (5) penalties will be launched alternately.- If the tie persists, the penalties that are necessary will continue to be executed in the same order, until the moment when a difference is established with the same number of tosses.
Only in the very final, in the event of a tie in points and goals, will overtime times be played (15 minutes each) and if equality persists, it will be defined from the spot.
The club that accumulates the least amount of points for the 2020-2021 season (both Apertura and Clausura Tournaments) in the Qualifying Stage will be demoted to the next lower category (Liga de Ascenso).
In the event of a tie in points between two or more teams, the relegated club will be defined as follows:
If the tie is between two (2) teams: The performance of round-trip games, closing the local club with the best position in the General Table of both tournaments, the games must be held on Wednesday or Thursday and Saturday or Sunday, the club that will remain in the First Division will be the one that in the two games accumulate the highest number of points, if at the end of the second game there is still a tie in points, the winning club will be the one with the best goal difference in both games.
Tiebreaker If the tie persists, an extra time of 30 minutes must be played (two periods of 15 minutes each), with the club with the highest goal difference in this instance being the winner. If equality persists, it will be defined by penalties.
If the tie is between three (3) teams: A one-round triangle will be played, playing all against all, starting no later than one week after the end of the Clausura qualifying rounds (Saturday / Sunday, Wednesday / Thursday and Saturday / Sunday).
The game schedule for the triangular round will be developed through a draw. Each club will play a home match and a visitor match, unless a club cannot play as a home, because its stadium is suspended by decision of the disciplinary commission or competent authority, being able to play its match as a venue in a stadium alternate (1 alternate field) designated prior to the start of the season or official tournaments.
If at the end of the triangular round, there is a tie in points for the three (3) clubs, the following tiebreaker criteria will be applied:
First: Best difference between the goals scored and received in the triangular round.
Second: Highest number of goals scored in the triangular round.
Third: Greater amount of points obtained in the particular series. Sum of the four (4) games of the qualifying rounds plus one (1) game of the triangular round.
Fourth: Greater goal difference in his particular series. Sum of the four (4) games of the qualifying rounds plus one (1) game of the triangular round.
Fifth: Greater number of goals scored as a visitor, in his particular series. Sum of the four (4) games of the qualifying rounds plus one (1) game of the triangular round.
Sixth: (Fair Play) The lowest amount of points accumulated on the yellow and red cards of each club has been obtained during the regular and triangular rounds, observing the following parameters: Yellow card will equal 1 point Red card will equal 2 points
Seventh: Draw carried out by the Board of Directors of the National League.
If the tie is between 4 teams:
Matches will be held in direct elimination, the game schedule will be the result of a draw carried out by the Board of Directors of the National League. The games will be played on neutral courts or stadiums, provided that the teams are from different locations, if they are from the same city and there is no legal inconvenience, it will be played in that city.
The winning teams of the matches of this direct elimination, AUTOMATICALLY they will ensure permanence and the losers will have to play one last tiebreaker match.
In the event that the scheduled matches of the direct qualifiers or the tiebreaker game between the losing teams end tied, the tiebreakers must be defined in accordance with the regulations and stipulated in literal A) of this article No. 10 of the bases of championship.
Ex-world record holder Wilson Kipsang misses four doping controls and is suspended for four years. To explain his absence, the court said he made up excuses and manipulated evidence.
The employees of the independent integrity commission (Aiu) of the World Athletics Association World Athletics definitely have a varied job. So it happened that the Aiu has been dealing with weather data in Kenya in recent months, spurred on by marathon runner Wilson Kipsang. The 38-year-old Kenyan, who set a world record in the Berlin Marathon in 2:03:23 hours in 2013 and was dethroned in the following year by Dennis Kimetto in 2:02:57, had missed several drug tests and sometimes made interesting explanations for them.
Example April 27, 2018: Between 10 p.m. and 11 p.m. Kipsang wanted to be found for the inspectors in his home in Iten, but he was not: he had visited his sister in Muskut to prepare for their wedding and was looking for the – usually – one-hour drive home Iten said goodbye in good time. But then rain came over the country, so violently that he had to make detours and his phone even disappeared into the deadlock. At home, Kipsang was not until 1 a.m., the inspectors had already disappeared. The Aiu carried out research, including at the Kenyan Ministry of the Environment. However, the weather data for the said date now showed: “Clear” to “partly cloudy” conditions, 22 degrees, dry. Thunder weather!
The Aiu published all of this in a 79-page report on its website, on Friday the association announced its verdict: Kipsang will be suspended for four years because of four violations of the anti-doping rules between April 2018 and May 2019 will be suspended on January 10, 2020, since then the former world record holder has been suspended for the time being. Months of processing followed, at the end of which the examiners also came to the conclusion that Kipsang had not only violated the reporting requirements, but also provided false testimony and evidence to prove his alleged innocence. According to the penalty catalog, this is manipulation.
Kipsang is said to have deliberately provided false evidence to defend himself
Rainfalls that had never occurred are among the more harmless explanations; some story would go through as touchingly naive if it didn’t come from a highly decorated professional athlete: When the controllers failed to meet Kipsang on January 18, 2019, the runner said he was in Narok County. The Olympic third of London 2012 is also the owner of a construction company and had to hold a long meeting, so he unfortunately could not start on time and could not change his whereabouts in the registration app, he was in the meeting.
Irritation also arose that, according to Kipsang, 2.5 hours by car would have been enough, but the Aiu and the arbitral tribunal came at least 300 kilometers away on any possible route on Google Maps instead of 175 kilometers – and at least 5.5 hours by car . The court described the athlete’s reason why he could not have changed his information in good time as: bad excuse.
Two cases, in which, according to the court, he had deliberately given false evidence in the field, weigh more heavily than this: On April 12, 2019, his wife, his driver and a bodyguard made linguistically similar statements: Yes, yes, Kipsang was at home been; however, the inspectors never saw him. And then there’s the traffic accident thing.
May 17, 2019, the doping control officers are coming – no kipsang there. Due to a traffic accident with an overturned truck, he did not make it from Nairobi to Iten in time, the athlete led this time. On request, Kipsang even provided a photo of the evidence – just stupid that the Aiu found a suspiciously similar video on YouTube, posted by the Daily Nation, Kenya’s leading daily newspaper – in connection with an accident on August 19, 2019, almost four months later when the test attempt took place. Not his fault, Kipsang said, his driver had sent the photo to him without knowing that it was a different case. Investigations by the police in Nakuru, where the alleged accident should have occurred, also revealed: No accident involving large vehicles on May 17, 2019.
Kipsang, however, does not feel that he has been led to lie. “I have not lied in 17 years,” said the 38-year-old on Saturday in front of journalists and live TV cameras from KTN News in Iten, “I was tested 125 times without a positive result.” Being punished like someone who has doped for years is not fair. “I’ll be back very soon.” Then he disappeared, visibly upset.
Doping cases are not uncommon in the Kenyan running nation; the World Athletics Association had classified the country as a high-risk country at the end of 2018. Already on Friday, Kipsang’s management had published a statement that the athlete had not attracted attention with a positive test, that they absolutely stood for clean sports and reserved the right to go before the International Sports Court (Cas). There would surely be some exciting research there.
The world-famous New York marathon, scheduled for November 1, has been canceled due to the coronavirus pandemic, its organizers announced Wednesday.
It is the second time that this test has been canceled, one of the most popular marathons in the world and that has been held since 1970. The previous suspension was in 2012 after Hurricane Sandy.
“Canceling this year’s marathon is a huge disappointment for everyone associated with it,” said Michael Capiraso, CEO of the New York Road Runners (NYRR), organizer of the race, quoted in a statement, “but that was clearly the way forward in view of health security ”. New York is the city in the world most affected by Covid-19, with more than 22,000 deaths.
Organizers will offer registrants for the New York Marathon the opportunity to have their registration fees reimbursed or their participation postponed to 2021, 2022 or 2023.
“I applaud the New York Road Runners’ decision to prioritize the health and safety of spectators and runners,” New York Mayor Bill de Blasio said in the statement.
Contacted by the AFP agency, NYRR Vice President of Media Chris Weiller said that before the cancellation, the organization expected “more than 53,000” brokers this year, including some 25,000 from abroad.
Also the one in Berlin
The Berlin marathon, scheduled for September 27 and the scene of the last seven men’s world records, has also been canceled due to the pandemic.
The cancellation of the Berlin marathon was announced a few minutes after the New York marathon was definitively suspended. Since 2003, all the world records have been broken on the Berlin route, flat and especially favorable for the big brands.
The current record is held by the Kenyan Eliud Kipchoge, with two hours, one minute and 39 seconds, achieved in September 2018. Last winner in Berlin, in 2019, the Ethiopian Kenenisa Bekele was two seconds behind the world record after a final anthological.
Taking into account the ban on all crowds of more than 5,000 people in Berlin until October 24, the organization studied options to postpone the event, but the attempt to establish a sanitary protocol to protect the riders together with local authorities and experts did not succeed to good port.
“We have worked very hard but currently it is not possible to organize the marathon. Pleasure, good humor, health and success are the elements that characterize it, “said the organization. “We are not in a position to ensure all this at the moment,” he added. Berlin is an event where tens of thousands of runners from all over the world come every year.
The organizers of the New York city marathon have formalized the cancellation of the event. The race, one of the most popular in the world, was initially scheduled for 1 November. In the wake of this, Berlin has also announced the cancellation of the marathon.
What are two monuments of the foot race, which in a few hours, disappear from the calendar of sporting events of 2020. The marathons of New York and Berlin have been officially cancelled, Wednesday, June 24, because of the pandemic of sars coronavirus, a new sign that the return of the sporting events of mass is not yet valid.
Races late in the calendar of marathons, New York and Berlin are also two more followed, the first for its popular enthusiasm, and the second for her performance that would give the ‘the’ of the discipline.
This is only the second time that the New York city marathon, which was initially planned 1er November, is cancelled, after the parenthesis of 2012 following the passage of hurricane Sandy.
The edition 2020 would have to be of an exceptional nature, since it was the 50e New York city marathon, established in 1970, four years before the one in Berlin, which had never been annulled in 46 years of existence.
Scheduled on 27 September, the event in germany was to stay as subject to the prohibition of any gathering of more than 5,000 people in the capital city, which runs until 24 October.
“As hard as we worked, it is not currently possible to organize the marathon,” said the organizers in berlin on the official website.
Since 2003, all world records have been made on the course German dish, and is particularly favourable. The current world record belongs to the Kenyan Eliud Kipchoge in 2 hours, 1 minute and 39 seconds, and date of September 2018.
“Cancel the marathon this year is an immense disappointment for all those who are associated with them”, commented the CEO of New York Road Runners (NYRR), Michael Capiraso, quoted in a press release, “but it was clearly the way forward from the point of view of health security.”
At the global level, New York has been by far the city most affected by the Covid-19, which caused more than 22,000 deaths.
The organizers, new yorkers will provide the opportunity to registrants to a refund of their registration fees or to postpone their participation in 2021, 2022 or 2023.
Reflections on Paris and Chicago
“I applaud the decision of the New York Road Runners is a priority for the health and safety of spectators and riders,” said New York city mayor, Bill de Blasio, quoted in the press release.
Even if it is far to be the most competitive on the plan of the time made, the fact of a difficult journey, the New York city marathon is the race to the bottom annual the most popular in the world.
When editing 2019, it has beaten the record for the number of participants who crossed the finish line of a marathon, with 53 of the 640 runners.
Contacted by AFP, the vice-president of NYRR in charge of the media, Chris Weiller, said that prior to the cancellation, the organization was counting on “more than 53 000” riders to the finish this year, including about 25,000 from foreign countries.
Asked about the cost of this cancellation, he said that the organising committee would benefit from a compensation in the framework of a contract of insurance.
The 50th marathon in New York is now scheduled for 7 November 2021.
Boston and Tokyo already cancelled several marathons among the most important have not yet thrown in the towel.
On the side of the marathon of Paris, already postponed from April to October, the organizers are always working for the marathon to be held on the scheduled date (October 18),” they said to the AFP.
“If we postponed the marathon in the fall, it is precisely to take time and see how the situation will evolve,” explained a parte-word ASO (Amaury Sport Organization), organizer of the event.
“We are not yet able to say if the Chicago marathon will take place or not”, indicated to the AFP Alex Sawyer, communications manager of the event, scheduled for 11 October.
“We are working closely with the authorities of the city (of Chicago) and will communicate our decision to our riders as soon as possible,” she added.
The other major race on the calendar, the London marathon provides, for the moment, to organize the event on 4 October, instead of April 26 as initially envisaged.
The former marathon runner Christelle Daunay is one of the civil parties at the trial of Lamine Diack, a former president of the international athletics Federation (IAAF, today World Athletics), which opened on Monday in Paris. The recordwoman of France, the marathon will be interviewed this Thursday. Lamine Diack, 87 years old, appeared at the bar with other ex-leaders of the IAAF. Also accused, but not present, and on which weighs an international arrest warrant, the son of Diack and former officers of the Russian athletics Federation.
All are accused of active and passive corruption and money laundering organised. Which had found a system to cover many of the Russian athletes, which, though spiked, were continuing to take part in the competitions. One of these athletes, Liliya Shobukhova, has been one of the best marathoniennes in the world between 2009 and 2014, when it was finally confused and disqualified. Christelle Daunay was often found in front of it during his career. Assisted by his lawyer, Antoine Woimant, the athlete habs demand the reparation of the moral prejudice suffered and also the loss of a chance in the various contracts of sponsorship and commitment on the races that are live with a marathon runner of top level.
In what state of mind are you arriving at your hearing in front of the court this Thursday ?
I am very glad that this trial takes place. There has been a deferral but it was rejected. I’m relieved because after five years, this trial has finally arrived.
Are you supported in your approach or are you doing it alone ?
A little of both. I am surprised that there has been no support spontaneous on the part of other athletes. It is two to bring civil ; I was the first. I am surprised also that there has been no support spontaneous on the part of the federations. But after the fact I have the support of the athletes, single riders and players in the middle that I go to the end.
How is it possible that on a trial if important only two athletes are the civil party, so that for more than a decade, dozens of athletes were measured for doped athletes, in particular Russian ?
I can not answer in the place of those who did not want to be a civil party. Maybe you don’t have the information to defend themselves. With Me Woimant, we wanted to see if I could be a civil party. When the athletes who doped are arrested, it removes the medal or at the limit a premium but the other does not earn the premium that they would have had to touch. It is in the system, the results are cleared but there is no repair for the other athletes. We are the victims and it is important to defend. We may be afraid to attack the system. There was the opportunity to fight against doping but also against corruption. We can’t let our leaders, they should lead by example in protecting the clean athletes. In this case they did the opposite by covering those who were doped.
You ask for 200 000 euros in respect of the various types of harm. But is what that money can fix anything ?
It is difficult to estimate financial damages. If Shobukhova had not ran I would have surely won more money, but how much ? It is hard to say. I especially want to be recognised as the victim, out with the status of a victim of the corruption of the leaders of the IAAF. This last applies also for the damage and interests… What interests me, is to say that this system has ruined the life of clean athletes. Our “value” when negotiating a sponsorship contract changes a lot depending on the results. With Shobukhova or without it in a race, this was not the same thing.
Things have evolved to the IAAF (World Athletics) with regard to the fight against doping ?
Athletics is one of the sports most controlled, you can see, there are sanctions on a regular basis. After, the case we are talking about today, it is corruption.
In France we recently had two cases of doping, Clémence Calvin, first and Ophelia Claude-Boxberger then. The first you had removed your record of France, for a few weeks. What is your view on these two cases and how can we better fight against doping in France ?
It is necessary to continue the controls. In the case of Calvin, we see that the French Agency of fight against doping had a lot of work. It is true that I was particularly affected by this case because it was my record of France. Records are made to be broken, no problem, but it must be done by the athlete to own. I am satisfied that this record is not in possession of Leniency having regard to the facts which have been alleged. Concerning Claude-Boxberger, I do not know too much. This is another story of doping yet. It is necessary to continue the fight by investing more money.
Today you are a coach at the French Federation of athletics. What do you say to your athletes when they have doubts about the cleanliness of their opponent ?
Throughout my career, I have had from time to time doubts about the athletes that surrounded me. When I was Liliya Shobukhova at my side, I was wondering about its performance, I told myself that she was controlled like me, as if she was on the starting line it is that all was well… We try to do with it, but one has suspicions on some. Despite everything, I loved my job as a top-level sporting. It is said that one can fight on the ground in the actual conditions of performance. This is a topic that comes up with the athletes that I coached : one looks at the performance. Regardless of the level, when one sees progress is very strong, differences in minutes, we have to ask questions. It puts the doubt, it’s safe, and to save her life while staying clean, it gets more and more difficult. A medal that arrives years after the fact does not bring any benefit to the athlete, if not is to see it in a box at home.
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There was a time when the only question you asked yourself was if you opted for the exercise cardiovascular or opted for strength training. Now that you have decided on the correct option – it is yours to do both – the questions multiply. Combining them is not easy because concurrent training, which is as it is technically known, produces synergies or interferences according to the order in which the programs, the intensity and frequency you give them, and even the type of cardiovascular activity you choose (it is not the same to give the bike to run or get into a HIIT session). The doubts accumulate but, fortunately, the answers too: it all depends on the priority objective of the training, from being able to run long distances, hypertrophy, burn fat, remove muscle …
The reason why it is not easy to agree on strength training and cardiovascular training is that when you add two sports activities not everything adds up. It may be that they counteract each other, that they add only a little, or even that one subtracts what has been achieved in the other. This phenomenon is called interference and it involves factors such as tiredness, the type of muscle fibers exercised (exercising arms and legs is not the same as sticking your legs in two sessions in a row), the muscle deterioration of the exercise itself and lack of time to recover. A bad choice will make everything built with your sweat from the first session ruin the second. Or that the second is useless because you come to it exhausted. This is what you need to know to avoid it.
Even marathoners need dumbbells
The image of an athlete crossing the goal of 42,195 kilometers, exhausted, on the verge of fainting, does not make one think of hours in the gym lifting weights. Furthermore, one may think that the more weight the athlete takes off, including muscles, the better for him. But the truth is that whoever is thinking about preparing for a marathon should train strength. To get started, anaerobic training does not interfere with VO2maximum, a parameter that is the great obsession of long-distance runners and that refers to the maximum volume of oxygen that the body can process during an exercise, something like gasoline that can burn your car per minute at full speed. The higher it is, the longer you can hold with high intensity. If your goal is to improve it, wax the weights because “anaerobic training significantly increases VO2maximum “, explains the adviser to the Official Council of Physical and Sports Education (COLEF) José Miguel del Castillo.
Now, the recipes are different for the upper and lower train. You can train strength in the biceps, pecs or any other muscle located from the waist up as much as you want because the aerobic resistance training does not flinch for it (well, it is not necessary to overdo it, that each gram of muscle is weight that you will have to load in the race). “This allows the order of both activities to be established according to the athlete’s preferences or the trainer. “You can hit the dumbbells first and then run, or vice versa, but keeping in mind that if you get tired to the second activity you will probably perform worse.” If your goal is to increase the resistance capacity to run many kilometers or you consider that strength training adaptations (a strong arm improves the efficiency of your stroke or helps you with trail) are of less importance, put cardiovascular work first and then strength work. “
If you want to endure a lot of running or be more efficient in your career, you should also train the strength of the lower body: the stronger your legs are, the better you will run or pedal. “Combining strength and resistance training improves performance rates in long distance runners and cyclists. If your goal is the marathon, you will improve the running economyThat is, you are going to run with less effort. But the advice differs in this case.
Normally, in resistance activities the protagonists are type 1 muscle fibers, also called slow or red, due to their color. They do not allow you to reach high speeds, but they do hold a lot at a trot. But if you want to be like Kipchoge and improve your brand in the queen endurance test, put lunges, squats or climbers. You will increase the proportion of type 2 muscle fibers, also known as white or “fast twitch”. This type of fibers get tired much earlier, but they are more powerful and are responsible for the fact that you can get faster rhythms every time or end up setting yourself a sprint In the goal.
“There will probably also be improvements in neuromuscular function,” says Del Castillo. In other words, a little lower-body strength training can make your legs more powerful and improve connections between muscles, nerves, and the brain. The million dollar question is how much to dedicate to the specific work of lower body strength, to which the specialist answers that an acceptable proportion would be “one strength session for every two continuous racesAs for the order, there is no doubt here: run first and leave the strength for the end. Doing it backwards, with your legs exhausted, is not the best strategy to reach the marked career rhythms. If there is no other choice than reversing the ideal order, the only problem will be the agony of running with crushed legs, since “the improvement of aerobic capacity is not affected by the order of training”.
To strengthen the legs, better ‘running’ or cycling?
If you are one of those who would not sign up for a marathon, even if the prize was a villa in Marbella, with a pool and a plot worthy of the Cinemascope, if your only objective is to strengthen your legs, resistance or cardiovascular training should not take priority in your diary. “Strength performance is negatively affected by the inclusion of resistance training, something that does not happen in reverse, except in older subjects where there is no interference,” says Del Castillo. Of course, it could be said that it is a “working” council, since the science of sport is constantly evolving and there are already studies indicating that “some people experience decreases in strength after concurrent training, while others experience gains substantial. “
Anyway, the heart deserves you to pay attention and some cardiovascular activity is always healthy, yes, keep in mind that the running It limits your progress more with force than if, for example, you feel like pedaling. This is known to happen, but sports science is still unclear why. “It could be due to two factors. The first, that cycling is more similar biomechanically (the muscles work in a similar way in the bicycle and the lifting of free weight, while in the race there is impact). A second possibility refers to the Skeletal muscle damage. Running has a high eccentric component (muscles are stretched to the maximum with each stride), while cycling is primarily concentric (contracting) activity. These differences in the types of contractions can create greater damage in the race that in cycling “, says the COLEF advisor. And he uses ultradistance races as an example: “In those that are developed on foot, great muscle damage occurs, while ultradistance cycling does not.”
The perfect combination to burn fat faster
Combining strength work with resistance work is a great idea when it comes to removing fatty tissue. In fact, it is the fastest formula to get rid of love handles. “A common benefit of concurrent training is the loss of body fat. Much more even than if you only do high intensity resistance exercise (HIIT), only strength exercise or only low intensity cardiovascular activity. “And the cardiovascular activity that consumes the most fat is the running, “much more than cycling or elliptical”.
If your desire is neither to become like a bull nor to be a gazelle, but lose some lorza, Del Castillo proposes two ways. “One is to combine complex sets of strength (combining heavy and light intensity work) in the same session, interspersing intermediate cardio-accelerators (purely cardiovascular exercises). In addition, in the same week, 24 hours apart from the previous specific sessions , I schedule high intensity anaerobic resistance training, type HIIT, and some weekly isolated aerobic resistance session LISS type (low intensity and moderate duration) “.
What do you do for free and prefer to take a moment of strength and another time with cardiovascular activity? The ideal is to do each session on a different day. If the schedule forces you to focus all the same day, do the force first and then run. If you are better off running first thing in the morning, allow six to eight hours to go before anaerobic training. This is explained because running causes some degradation in the muscle fibers and the body takes its time to repair the mess. If you do not respect these times, you will feel more tired, you will work worse and you will burn less fat, which is your goal.
And, fundamentally, after the training beating, don’t mess up the plan on the table. “Weight loss must be accompanied by a caloric restriction according to our objective, scheduled and agreed with your dietician-sports nutritionist.”
Power and cardiovascular training: a delicate balance
When the intention of training is to improve power, for example, for a footballer to increase his top speed and give more strength to his shots, you have to make room for cardiovascular training only a little. Forget about running marathons if you want to be the top scorer. “Since in collective and adversary sports, mainly working in a short-duration explosive action format, where power is required, long-term cardiovascular training does not make much sense. High-volume, moderate, continuous resistance training Frequent (running or pedaling many kilometers at a moderate pace, but many days a week), adversely affects adaptations induced by strength training. “
Also, you may overload your legs and get to the game in bad shape. The best way to incorporate the aerobic is to start from the exercise of sprint high intensity and shorter duration (HIIT or SIT, also including changes of direction). “This form of training does not decrease strength or power and significantly increases VO2maximum in soccer, basketball, baseball, handball players … “.
Even strong men must move their hearts
If you are looking to hypertrophy both the upper and lower body, that is, getting some Thor-worthy biceps and quads, aerobic training is not a problem. “When hypertrophy is the primary goal, concurrent training may not lead to significant decreases, as it does in sports that need maximum power or a high rate of strength development, provided their load dynamics are properly matched.”
Furthermore, for your own cardiovascular health, you should dedicate some time to aerobic training. “Alone You must limit it in frequency, intensity and duration, selecting the most appropriate modality. Neither more than twenty to thirty minutes, nor three or more days a week and always doing strength work first and then cardiovascular endurance work. “Now put on, stop running and do cardio workouts with high intensity anaerobic intervals like HIIT. “Preferably in cycling, elliptical, airbike or rowing, controlling the weekly metabolic load that muscle anabolism allows “, that is, relaxed stretches followed by others at full blast.
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The 2020 edition of the Boston Marathon will not take place. The event was initially postponed from April 24 to September 14 due to the Covid-19 epidemic, but organizers were determined to announce the cancellation on Thursday. This is a sad first in the 124-year history of the most prestigious marathon on the planet, which annually attracts some 30,000 athletes from around the world.
“The Boston Athletics Association, with our contribution and support, has determined that hosting the 124th Boston Marathon is not feasible this year due to public health reasons., tweeted Mayor Martin Walsh. There is no way to keep the usual racing format without having a large number of people crowded together. “ Each year, around 500,000 spectators attend the marathon.
“While our goal and our hope was to contain the virus and revive our economy, organizing this kind of event would be neither responsible nor realistic on September 14th or at any time this year”, he concluded.
Until now, neither the World Wars, nor the tensions inside the country, nor the sometimes extreme climatic conditions had prevented the running of the oldest marathon in the world, created in 1897. On April 15, 2013, its 117th edition had been damaged by an attack. Two bombs had exploded near the finish line, killing three people and injuring more than 250.
Chicago and New York marathons maintained
The two other major marathons scheduled for the United States later this year, in Chicago on October 11 and New York on November 1, are currently on hold.
The Boston Athletics Association has indicated that marathon participants will be able to compete in a “virtual” race instead, anytime between September 7 and 14. They will have to complete the distance of 42.195 km within the allotted six hours and provide proof of their timing, to validate their performance.
SPorthilfe – in Kenya it consists of two cardboard boxes containing corn and rice, flour, pasta and oil. Minister of Sport Amina Mohamed wants to provide around a thousand needy athletes with this kind of first aid, since since March they have not only been subject to a ban on contact, which practically prohibits joint training, but also a travel ban. In Kenya, this affects mostly runners – at least three times as many as the government can and will support. Before all running events around the world were canceled, Kenya had already prohibited its runners from traveling there.
Eliud Kipchoge, Olympic champion and fastest man in the world on the marathon route, has achieved fame and fortune with his success. He is not complaining that he should have lost several hundred thousand pounds with the cancellation of the London marathon in April, and that the relocation of the Olympic Games by one year would have deprived him of the near-second gold medal. With his foundation, like prominent cricket professionals and sports betting provider Betika, he supports the government’s initiative.
In his huge off-road vehicle, he cruises through Nandi County, where he lives and trains in Kapsabet, drives to Eldoret, Iten and Kaptagat, where large running communities live, and, accompanied by photographers and television teams, lifts the grocery packages for the needy from the loading area . He demands even more support, because there are far more than just a thousand needy athletes; the needy runners alone numbered around three thousand. “Up to eighty percent of them live from races in Europe, Asia and other parts of the world,” he says. “You need races to get food on the table, and that has become difficult since the entire season has been canceled.”
Kipchoge speaks of those who get visas, who are invited to big races, or who go from one run around the church tower to the next. Not a thousand of them should have outfitting contracts, and whether it’s money or shoes and shorts, they all include clauses that reduce or even cancel benefits once the athlete has not contested a well-known race for six months. Nobody knows how this is interpreted in the current situation.
Benson Yator receives his package in disguised work clothes. Ten years ago he was third in the Napur marathon in India and was unable to train for a long time because of an injury. When Kipchoge appeared, he climbed out of a trench, which he digs with the shovel for a water pipe. He sees himself as a runner. But he is one of the many failures. “Iten is a dream country like Hollywood,” says Arne Gabius, the best German marathon runner. “Many try their luck and want to be as successful as Rudisha and Kipchoge.” He only returned from training in the capital of the running world in March. In addition to the miserable quarters of the lucky knights of running, an infrastructure for high-performance athletes as well as for running tourists had been built in Iten, at an altitude of 2400 meters; with hotels and camps, trainers, physiotherapists and doctors, car service, restaurants, farmers and a mozzarella cheese dairy. “It is all breaking down,” says Gabius.
Even private schools to which top Kenyan runners send their children now suffered from payment defaults. In March the German Athletics Association called back its cross-country skiers from Iten; the British Mo Farah moved on to Ethiopia. “Nothing is going on here, just like in Europe,” says Jean-Paul Fourier, the head of the first hotel on the square, the “Kerio View”. “If you haven’t done anything, you can’t survive.” After the Germans left, he closed his house and used the time to renovate. On the one hand, he hopes to be able to open again in November, when his peak season begins. On the other hand, he knows that the corona virus, against which all the coercive measures are supposed to protect the population, will only come across the country.
“It is not just Kenyans who are affected by the crisis,” says Sondre Nordstad Moen. “We are all in the same situation: there are no races.” Moen is Norwegian, the first European to run a marathon in less than 2:06 hours. He spent three months preparing for the London Marathon in Iten. For free. Now he’s stuck in Eldoret. He has been coming to Kenya for training for eleven years and has seen misery for eleven years. Unlike many coaches, Moen does not experience poverty as a driver for sporting success. It hurts when the ragging proletariat joins professional training groups. The hungry runners ruined their health, he says; When they go back to the family yard, they ultimately feel better: “Nobody can burn four to five thousand kilocalories a day without being able to afford it.”
Now those who have not started families are back with their parents and siblings. They don’t get any better there, says Colm O’Connell. The legendary missionary of an Irish fraternity, 72 years old, once brought running to Iten. 25 of his students have climbed socially as world champions, four as Olympic champions. Because his sighting and training camps are now failing, the talent remains in the country. “From the point of view of social distancing, they are right there,” says Brother Colm. “But they go back to families in need.”