Neither fear, nor inequality, nor oppression nor the orders of their husbands could stop the demands of women in Ancient Rome. It is true that they were not all there, only those that had reached a high economic status, but considering that we are talking about what historians like Francisco García Jurado have described as “the first feminine manifestation of antiquity” or, according to Richard Bauman“The most striking manifestation of women’s power in all Roman history,” is not to detract from it. Above all, if we consider that this happened more than two thousand years ago.
To find the trigger, we must go back to 215 BC. C., when it was established in
In 2019, Peru presented a peculiarity undoubtedly unique in the world: its five living former presidents were all either convicted by the courts or indicted. Until Alan García, twice president (1985-1990 and 2005-2010), splattered the statistics with blood: on the verge of being arrested and taken to prison, he committed suicide on April 17, at his home, shot in the head. New episode in the Odebrecht saga, this Brazilian construction giant that has developed throughout Latin America through bribes. The scandal had already led to the resignation, a year earlier, the current president, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (known as PPK).
His vice-president and successor, Martín Vizcarra, has in turn left the House of Pizarro in Lima: on Monday, Congress voted for his dismissal accusing him of having received bribes in 2014, when he was governor of a department. But Vizcarra’s case is not comparable to those of his predecessors: it is his anti-corruption crusade that earned him the relentlessness of deputies, 69 out of 130 of whom are the subject of legal proceedings. Since Monday, mobilizations have multiplied in the country, in defense of a president with a record popularity rate. Protesters denounce the “Putschist congress” and deny all legitimacy to the interim head of state, the President of Parliament, Manuel Merino, who takes the reins of government until the next presidential election, scheduled for April.
An unknown singer with nebulous attributions
Parliament did it twice to oust this embarrassing president. In September, it is on an absurd story that the deputies launched a first impeachment procedure for “Permanent moral incapacity”. A singer by the name of Richard Swing, totally unknown to the public but having participated in the election campaign of the Kuczynski-Vizcarra ticket in 2016, was given a post of consultant to the Ministry of Culture, with nebulous attributions (among others, the animation of motivational seminars) but with very real emoluments of 42,000 euros in two years.
Attempt to blame the President fails but a month later another offensive after opening an investigation into bribes that two construction groups, a Peruvian and an Italian, claim to have paid to Vizcarra in 2014. This time, a large majority of deputies voted for impeachment. The Constitutional Court is due to rule in December on the legality of the procedure.
Martín Vizcarra could hardly resist. Coming to power after PPK resigned in 2018, he does not belong to any political party and has no support among MPs. After the revelations on the Odebrecht scandal, which also implicated the previous presidents Alan García (committed suicide), Alejandro Toledo (on the run in the United States) and Ollanta Humala (under indictment), but also many parliamentarians, the anger of the population was at its height. To restore confidence and regain credibility, the new president dissolved parliament and held elections in January 2020.
A messianic and homophobic sect
The vote is a triumph for the right, led by Acción Popular, the party of new president Manuel Merino. The left of the Frente Amplio (enlarged front) is content with 6% of the vote and 9 seats, while the disturbing Frepap, a movement led by a messianic and homophobic sect, bursts in with 15 deputies.
Meanwhile, the Covid-19 crisis continues to worsen. With 35,000 deaths, Peru is the second hardest-hit country in the world: 106 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, after Belgium (119 deaths) and ahead of Spain (86) and Brazil (77).
Several hundred demonstrators marched Wednesday evening in Minneapolis to defend a clear and transparent election, and to continue their mobilization in favor of a reform of the local police force. It was here that George Floyd was killed in May by a white policeman, triggering a wave of national mobilization, sometimes peppered with violence. Left from the old hippie district where Bob Dylan gave his first concert in 1960, near the University of Minnesota, the activists, gathered at the call of thirty NGOs and sometimes come with their families, entered around 8 p.m. on I-94, crippling traffic.
Police quickly surrounded the peaceful protesters, preventing them from exiting the highway and arresting them one after another – a long and arduous task. Taken by bus, they are then released in the city center after being fined for “illegal assembly”. “Walking on the highway is illegal and very dangerous for pedestrians and drivers. We respect everyone’s right to have their say under the First Amendment, but the freeway is no place for that ”, posted on Twitter Minnesota State Police, who made the arrests.
According to Unicorn Riot, which is televising the event live on Facebook, the Minnesota Freedom Fund has promised it will pay all fines. Among those arrested, lawyer Nekima Levy Armstrong, local figure and former candidate for mayor. At midnight local time (7 am in Paris), the situation remained calm on both sides, and the atmosphere was good-natured, with dancing, music, and still many people to stop.
Jérome Chateau (in Minneapolis), author of the blog So Goes Minnesota
Along with insensitivity to coronavirus due to the structural features of the receptor, the opposite situation is possible.
A photo: Ivan MAKEEV
A Chinese-American team of scientists has released data that may astound many. In one of the hospitals in Beijing, three patients with coronavirus were monitored, each of whom had several complicating circumstances. First, not a young age: 52, 58 and 62 years old. Secondly, concomitant chronic diseases: hypertension and diabetes, which are considered the main risk factors for severe complications of covid. All patients had a long history of virus isolation – at least 50 days. However, not only complications, but even serious symptoms of COVID-19 were not! The researchers recorded “minimal clinical manifestations or their complete absence.”
Scientists have suggested that the secret of such an unexpected reaction to infection in people at risk was a phenomenon called “tolerance to infection,” host tolerance. With some biological characteristics of the organism that are not yet fully understood by science, replication of the virus (that is, relatively speaking, “reproduction”) can be difficult. Or a hyperinflammatory reaction does not develop, including the so-called “cytokine storm”. And as a result of this, the disease is easy. Moreover, even in the presence of chronic diseases, which, it would seem, should aggravate the infectious process.
Is it possible to predict in advance which person is more resistant to coronavirus? We talked about this with honored doctor of Russia, leading scientific editor of the medical portal Vrachu.ru Mikhail Kagan.
“UNCONVENIENT FOR” JOINING “
– There are at least three mechanisms that explain why certain people are invulnerable to the coronavirus, says the expert. – First: the genetic characteristics of the receptor through which the virus enters the body.
It is known that the new coronavirus enters cells through a specific receptor (binding to the so-called type 2 angiotensin-converting enzyme, ACE-2). In some people, the structure of this receptor may be such that it is inconvenient for the virus to “dock”. We are talking about an innate individuality of some people. So far, we are not able to determine what exactly this feature is and who exactly has it. But a similar mechanism occurs, say, with HIV resistance. There are lucky ones who simply cannot get it due to the special structure of the receptors through which this virus interacts with immune cells. Obviously, the same is the case with COVID-19.
Why healthy young people can be seriously ill
– Along with insensitivity to coronavirus due to the structural features of the ACE-2 receptor, the opposite situation is possible, – says Mikhail Kagan. – A person may have such a modification of the receptor, which, on the contrary, makes it easier for the coronavirus to enter cells. Moreover, this circumstance has nothing to do with the state of the immune system as a whole! And it is due precisely to the molecular feature of a particular protein, that is, the same genetic factor.
It is because of this that young and healthy people with seemingly strong immunity can get sick with severe complications and even die from covid, the expert explains. Alas, by nature they were unlucky to have such a structure of receptors, which is the most “attractive” and convenient for the coronavirus.
At least three mechanisms can be distinguished that explain why certain people are invulnerable to coronavirus.
A photo: Vladimir VELENGURIN
THE BODY DOES NOT LET THE VIRUS DECEIVE THE IMMUNITY
– The second variant of insensitivity to coronavirus – when in humans, certain elements of innate immunity are very strong– continues Dr. Kagan. – As a rule, these are the components of the immune system that are involved in the initial meeting of the virus. The main one is interferon protein.
It turned out that one of the insidious features of the coronavirus is its ability to suppress the production of interferon in the initial stages. Due to the absence of an interferon “barrier”, the virus manages to quickly replicate (multiply) and spread throughout the body.
“However, in some people, the mechanism for producing interferons is so strong that SARS-CoV-2 is not able to suppress it,” the expert explains. – Thanks to this, the innate immunity “extinguishes” the virus already at the entrance and prevents the infection from spreading.
In practice, alas, there are still no surveys that could determine in advance how the mechanism of interferon production will behave in a particular person when meeting with a coronavirus. This is a subject for further research.
INHERITANCE FROM COLD COLD
– The third variant of immunity to coronavirus may be associated with so-called cross-immunity, – says Mikhail Kagan. – The current coronavirus is not the first in history, it has brothers and sisters. Among them, including seasonal coronaviruses, which cause, in everyday language, common colds. Of course, they differ from SARS-CoV-2, but, being members of the same family, they have similar elements. Therefore, the immune mechanisms developed in a person after encounters with pathogens of seasonal colds may also react to some fragments of the new coronavirus. Due to this, the body is already ready to recognize and worthy of meeting a new, previously unknown enemy. There is a greater chance that the infection will be suppressed at a very early stage, or at least the disease will be easier.
QUESTION IN THE TOPIC
What about COVID-19 tolerance?
“There are still many secrets for humanity in the new infection,” notes Mikhail Kagan. – A very strange picture is observed. It is known that in the first week of illness, the virus actively replicates (multiplies). How much it reaches in the body depends on two factors: the initial dose received during infection, and the production of interferon (a protein that is an element of the immune system, see above).
However, after the first week, when the rapid multiplication of the virus stops and the organism, it would seem, begins to defeat it and literally “scraps” of genetic material (individual proteins and RNA of the virus) remain, something strange happens. It is to these fragments that an immune overreaction suddenly occurs, leading to the development of the strongest generalized inflammation. And it is precisely this that leads to those very serious complications, due to which people end up in hospitals, intensive care units and on mechanical ventilation. That is, in fact, it is not the virus itself that kills a person, but a distorted immune response to fragments, “scraps” of SARS-CoV-2.
– Such an overreaction during treatment is suppressed with the help of drugs that reduce immunity and inflammation, – the doctor continues. – By analogy with this, it can be assumed that individuals with initially weakened certain mechanisms of the immune system will suffer less from overreaction and the complications arising from it. Please note: I am talking only about individual mechanisms, and not about weakened immunity in general. In order to transfer the infection asymptomatically or in a mild form, it is important not only to avoid the immune “burst” at the second stage of the disease, but also to successfully cope with the meeting of the coronavirus at the first stage. In other words, a person, most likely, should have a sufficiently strong mechanism for the production of interferon and, at the same time, the inability to develop an immune hyperreaction to the very “bits” of the virus, including fragments of RNA and some proteins.
Who is so lucky in practice – it’s hard to say yet. Scientists continue their research.
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The fate of animals is currently dividing Poland. In mid-September, a bill was adopted by the deputies to prohibit the breeding of fur animals and the export of meat resulting from ritual slaughter. This initiative was led by the Deputy Prime Minister, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, and strong man of the conservative Law and Justice party (PiS), the majority formation of the ruling coalition.
For a month, discontent has been mounting among farmers who have followed demonstrations across the country. On Wednesday, October 7, farmers slowed down traffic on main roads leaving wheelbarrows of manure outside the offices of political leaders in protest. They plan to demonstrate again, Tuesday, October 13, in Warsaw, when the law should go through the Senate which will have to give its approval.
Fear of the loss of thousands of jobs
Poland is the third largest producer of fur in the world – behind China and Denmark – according to NGOs. In this Eastern European country, animal husbandry supports thousands of people – there are an estimated 550 Polish farms that exploit 5.2 million animals for their furs. In addition to breeders, many indirect professions are also threatened by the destruction of this sector. In the first line, people working in cage production or even the tannery.
At the same time, the end of the export of meat resulting from ritual slaughter may also be a blow for some farmers. Indeed, Poland is one of the biggest exporters of kosher halal meats to Israel and the Jewish communities in Europe. Opponents of this law fear the disappearance of thousands of jobs without any alternative. According to the Polish newspaper Gazeta Wyborcza, the economic impact of the bill would be around 1.6 billion euros.
The conservative coalition revamped
Through this initiative, the president of PiS – known for his sympathy for animals – has drawn the anger of part of the rural world where the conservative political formation draws part of its votes. If this text divided the electorate of the Polish conservative party, it also caused an internal political crisis since Jaroslaw Kaczynski saw his majority fail him on this text during the vote on the lower house of parliament. Fifteen PiS members, including Agriculture Minister Jan Krzysztof Ardanowski, were suspended from the party for voting against this bill which received unprecedented support from liberals and environmentalists.
→ MAINTENANCE. Animal condition: “A bench is more valuable than a dog or a cat”
Following this political crisis, the ultra-conservative coalition, in power since 2015, was reshuffled at the end of September. The goal? Put an end to the disorder that had settled in this government coalition for a few weeks. This reshuffle aimed to put an end to the pranks of small minority parties such as “Solidarity Poland” and “Alliance” – which moreover opposed their rejection to the proposed law on animal rights – which the PiS needs to keep his majority.
The tension continues to grow in Thailand but pro-democracy protesters continue to challenge power. At the call of several student organizations, new gatherings took place on Monday, October 19 in the north of the capital. Despite the state of emergency which bans demonstrations of more than four people, dozens of arrests for several days and the appearance of water cannons for the first time this weekend, the protest movement s ‘is intensifying and expanding across the country. Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha on Monday 19 October urgently called an extraordinary session of parliament to “Resolve the conflict”.
“The king is a man like the others and not a god”
« We can tell that the police and the army are preparing to step up the crackdown on protesters in Bangkok “, Worravut Thueakchaiyaphum, 32, political refugee in France for two years, told Sunday, October 18 in Paris, Place de la République.
→ READ. In Thailand, face-to-face between royalists and pro-democrats
He fled his country in 2015 after being prosecuted for the crime of lese majesté. ” After the military coup of 2014 which installed General Prayut in power, I dared to say that it was under the orders of the king that the army had provoked this putsch, says this former student from northern Thailand, who escaped through Laos. I was arrested, and before my trial I was able to flee ».
Call for the creation of a “Republic of Thailand”
Faced with about fifty people gathered in République, under a banner calling for the creation of a “Republic of Thailand”, Worravut Thueakchaiyaphum recalled the major demands of the students: ” resignation of the prime minister, a new constitution and a reform of the monarchy “. Before launching “ Thailand is a military dictatorship under the sole orders of the king “, By tearing up a photo of King Rama X, installed in power in 2016. Such comments and such a gesture would earn him a possible life sentence in Thailand, even if the taboo of the monarchy is cracking.
« I was raised by my parents to worship the king “, Testifies Romchalee Sombulruttanakul, 32, political refugee in France for a year, dressed in red overalls and the mask of the Spanish series” Casa de papel “. «After the 2014 coup d’état ordered by the old King Rama IX in declining health, I fell over and I no longer believe in it. For me, the king is a man like everyone else, he is not a god. The monarchy is not above the law of men. “
In Bangkok, the noose is tightening
These testimonies reflect the state of mind of young demonstrators in Thailand. They dare to challenge the king and call for a real reform of the Constitution to put an end to the political instability of the country which has seen 12 coups d’état since 1932.
In Bangkok, however, the noose is slowly tightening. The Prime Minister warned Monday, October 19 that the government must protect the monarchy: “ It is the duty of all Thais. At the same time, the regime began to censor certain digital couriers such as Telegram and to suppress several accounts of student associations which had nearly 200,000 members. Four digital news sites were also censored on Monday, October 19.
«The repression is increasing, confirms Worravut Thueakchaiyaphum, and I expect the police and military to use live ammunition to quell protests soon. The king is the only ruler in Thailand and they blindly obey him. If the crackdown doesn’t work, which I’m sure the next step could be a coup. »
Only in the Plaza del Baquedano, in Santiago, did some 25 thousand people, according to the Carabineros, while thousands of others were in other parts of the city.
Like last Friday, the protesters dyed the Baquedano statue red again, according to information released by the DPA agency.
In addition, they installed a structure with an eye crying blood on top of the general on horseback, in rejection of the eye injuries and the total or partial loss of vision caused by the shots of pellets or tear gas fired by the police last year.
The protesters set fire to the Iglesia San Francisco de Borja, an institutional temple of the Carabineros, located in the vicinity of Plaza Baquedano, in Santiago de Chile, and the Iglesia de la Asunción, one of the oldest in the capital.
Ramzan Kadyrov commented on the brutal murder of a teacher in France
A photo: Vladimir VELENGURIN
Head of the Chechen Republic Ramzan Kadyrov commented on the brutal murder of a school teacher in the suburbs of Paris. He condemned the attack and expressed his condolences to the relatives of the deceased.
Let us remind you that today an 18-year-old Russian citizen of Chechen nationality Abdulak Anzorov beheaded a French teacher for showing cartoons of the prophet to his students. The police shot the killer on the spot.
Ramzan Kadyrov noted that this is not the first time that attempts are made in France to blame the problems on the Chechens and assured that the Republic has nothing to do with it.
– The offender has no nationality. This is not the first time that people in France are trying to blame all their problems on the Chechens. I dare to assure everyone that the Chechens have nothing to do with it. Anzorov lived almost his entire life in France, spoke their language, grew up next to the French. I would like to emphasize that Anzorov visited the Chechen Republic only once in his life at the age of two years, – the head of Chechnya noted.
The politician added that this tragedy makes one think that the French society “often confuses democracy with permissiveness and demonstration of an inadmissible attitude towards Islamic values.”
Ramzan Kadyrov stressed that Chechnya condemns this terrorist act and opposes terrorism in any form, and also urged not to offend the religious feelings of believers.
As the website kp.ru reported, the head of the press service of the Russian embassy in Paris stressed that the murderer of the French teacher had nothing to do with Russia, since his family was adopted in 2008 in France, where they have lived since then.
“Brain fog”, extreme exhaustion, hair loss, and an inability to taste or smell – these symptoms can appear for months after recovery. The phenomenon was called “protracted COVID”
Photo: Maxim Shemetov / Reuters
In some cases, people who have recovered from COVID-19 continue to suffer from symptoms of the disease for months after the infection has disappeared from the body and cannot be detected by diagnostic methods. These conclusions were reached by experts from the UK National Institutes of Health, reports the Financial Times, citing their research.
Doctors describe these manifestations as “debilitating”, and experts called the phenomenon itself “protracted COVID.” Such cases raise concerns about the long-term health effects of the pandemic, the newspaper notes.
Patients who recovered from the first wave of coronavirus continued to suffer from diseases of the brain, lungs, heart, intestines, liver, skin and other parts of the body. Among the most severe manifestations are many months of “brain fog” and extreme exhaustion. Other consequences are milder, such as hair loss and inability to taste or smell.
These symptoms appear in one physiological system, then weaken, but appear in another body system, the British researchers described the manifestation of “protracted COVID”.
Using the King’s College London’s Covid Symptom Study, which is regularly used by 4 million people, scientists have found that up to 20% of infections lead to complications lasting more than a month.
More than 300 people have been arrested this Saturday during a women’s demonstration to protest against Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko in Minsk, according to human rights activists.
Specific, The Viasna Human Rights Center has published on its website the names of 314 arrested women, spring96.org. This is double the number of detainees from last Saturday’s demonstration, when men in masked uniforms charged violently at peaceful protesters for the first time.
The policemen warned as every time that the opposition has taken to the streets that the protest was not authorized. Later, the uniformed men threatened to use force and finally charged at the declared intention of the protesters to remain in the place.
“What a shame!” Protesters shouted at the Komarovski market as policemen took the detainees away in vans. Among those arrested is Nina s Baginskaya, 73, one of the oldest activists.
We will not forget! We will not forgive! ”They chanted as they asked that Lukashenko be taken into custody in a van. Drivers passing by were honking their horns in solidarity with the protesters.
The protest this Saturday was called under the slogan March of Women Solidarity. During the protest, the official red and white flag between 1991 and 1995 was once again displayed as a symbol of the opposition.
The call for women is repeated every Saturday in Minsk, but also in other cities of the country, under the appeal of the Girl Power Belarus organization, which publishes its calls on Telegram.
The opposition leader Sevetlana Tijanovskaya, self-exiled, has invited her compatriots to continue demonstrating this Sunday in the so-called Justice March. “Every week you show yourself and the world that the Belarusian people are a force,” he assured.
Belarus has been immersed in a serious crisis since the massive demonstrations to protest the alleged electoral fraud began in the presidential elections on August 9. The regime headed by Alexander Lukashenko has been forced to ask for Russia’s support to overcome the situation and has intensified the persecution of protesters, opponents and journalists in recent weeks.