What does not alcohol do in the body

Germans drink almost eleven liters of pure alcohol per capita every year. But what happens in the body when you go without alcohol for a while? Just a few weeks of abstinence has amazing effects.

For many, a beer after work or a glass of wine is part of everyday life. For many people, drinking in company is simply part of it. If you refuse, you will not infrequently be looked at wrongly. But strictly avoiding alcohol for a while or keeping it low is a good idea first.

“Basically, there is no such thing as safe alcohol consumption. Even small amounts of alcohol increase the risk of cell damage to the liver. One thing is certain: the higher the consumption, the more harmful,” explains Georg Poppele, spokesman for the Working Group on Qualified Withdrawal in Internal Medicine of the German Association Internists. Cardiovascular and cancer diseases in particular can be the result.

Do without – but how long?

“Within two months, absolute abstinence can also cause detectable damage to the liver, such as alcohol-related inflammation or fatty liver,” says Poppele. And just two to four weeks of abstinence can help the immune system to recover.

Time without alcohol Effects
After a day
  • With regular consumption you will miss
    possibly your daily glass of wine or beer.
After one
up to two weeks
  • More restful sleep
  • Increased efficiency
  • Stored fats in the liver are broken down
After a month
  • Awareness of alcohol consumption
  • Ability to concentrate
  • improved complexion, firmer and smoother
  • Weight loss
After a year
  • The liver is completely recovered
  • The fat metabolism runs better
  • more energy and performance
  • continue to sleep well
  • through all improvements a more positive body feeling

Alcohol consumption that is still acceptable in terms of health 12 grams of pure alcohol per day for women and 24 grams of pure alcohol for men are exceeded by around 13 percent of women and around 16 percent of men.

Calculate the alcohol content of a drink:

The amount of the drink in milliliters (ml)
The alcohol content in percent by volume (% by volume)
The specific gravity of alcohol. This value is 0.8 g / ml.

The formula for the calculation:
Alcohol content (in grams of pure alcohol) = amount of the drink (in ml) x (% by volume / 100) x 0.8

1 Glass of Beer (300 ml, 5 Vol.%):
300 ml x (5/100) x 0.8 = 12 g alcohol

Lose weight during the alcohol break

During alcohol consumption, certain areas of the brain that are responsible for appetite and feeling hungry are activated. We are only too happy to reach into the chip bowl or buy ourselves a kebab before going to bed. The salty snacks that can often be found in bars also make you thirsty again. Refraining from alcohol can also prevent food cravings.

Another reason why many people lose weight during the break is the fact that many drinks – especially sweet cocktails – contain a lot of sugar and are calorie bombs.

Sleep better without alcohol

It’s known to be easier to fall asleep with alcohol, but research has shown that sleep quality is poorer. The restless sleep means that you are not recovered the next morning. For the time being, doing without it can mean that you will fall asleep more difficult. You are used to the effects of the wine or beer in the evening. In return, your sleep will be better overall.

Better skin without alcohol

On the one hand, alcohol removes water from the body, this can make the skin look dry and pale. On the other hand, alcohol can make the face look puffy, for example. This is because a hormone is activated that absorbs water. By doing without, you give the skin a break. It can regulate the moisture balance and recover.

Curb the desire for alcohol

“It is fundamentally difficult to change one’s behavior,” says Michaela Goecke, head of the BZgA’s addiction prevention department. “If you have successfully done without for a while, you can reward yourself, for example with a visit to the cinema.” In order to get a grip on the desire for alcohol, little tricks help: If you take care of a little thing in such a situation or distract yourself, the desire for alcohol often passes quickly.

Alcohol is often a part of social gatherings. So should you stay at home during a drinking break? Social events should not be avoided as a matter of principle. “But you should make your position clear: in the form of a friendly but determined no to alcohol,” says Goecke. “It’s not rude not to drink alcohol.” There are also many non-alcoholic alternatives to the usual drinks.

Do not make up for alcohol twice after the break

However, caution is advised when the alcohol fast is over. “Anyone who proves their ability to abstain for a month and then drinks all the more and makes up for doing without is doing themselves a disservice,” warns Prof. Falk Kiefer. The medical director of the Clinic for Dependent Behavior and Addiction Medicine at the Central Institute for Mental Health in Mannheim advises instead to regularly refrain from alcohol on at least two days a week. This also helps the body in the long term.

Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.


Tips for 2021 – healing practice

Liver Health: Tips for the New Year

The liver is the largest internal organ in the human body. It controls our hormone and energy balance and stores vital nutrients such as fats, vitamins and minerals. It is also known for its “detoxification function”. But many people put excessive strain on this important organ. This can have serious consequences. Professionals have a few tips to keep the liver healthy for the year to come.

Health is the most important thing in life: Many people have become aware of this again through the corona pandemic. Expectations for a new year have seldom been as high as in 2021: There are high hopes that the pandemic will soon be defeated and a normal life will be possible again. At the start of the new year, the German Liver Foundation reminds everyone of the responsibility for their own health and the importance of a healthy lifestyle that has positive effects on liver health and also strengthens the immune system.

Toxins are eliminated

As AOK Die Gesundheitskasse explains on its website, the liver removes toxins from the blood that enter the body through environmental influences or through food.

Alcohol and nicotine, for example, as well as pesticides and preservatives, are converted and detoxified in the body by the liver. Finally, the liver ensures that these substances can be excreted again via the kidneys or the intestines.

Fortunately, the liver forgives a lot and can regenerate itself up to a certain point. In order for the organ to remain at full capacity for as long as possible, one should consciously pay attention to the health of the liver. The German Liver Foundation has some tips for 2021.

Many do not have fond memories of 2020

Many people will probably not have fond memories of 2020. A survey published in December 2020 shows that the corona pandemic gives around 30 percent of the Germans surveyed the feeling of being in a disaster or emergency situation.

More than two thirds of the respondents were completely surprised by the extent of the pandemic and would not have expected it in Germany. And only almost ten percent said they had been prepared through preventive measures such as stockpiling.

Another aspect that the pandemic has made clear is that, in addition to stocking up on food and hygiene items, a good state of health also plays a major role in preparing for extraordinary events.

Avoidable risk of severe COVID-19 course

An example of a preventable increased risk of a severe course of the disease COVID-19 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is obesity, which is also known as the cause of liver disease.

Why this has been a dangerous – but avoidable – development for several years, explains the chairman of the board of the German Liver Foundation, Professor Dr. Michael P. Manns: “Since the 1970s, the prevalence of overweight and obesity, ie obesity, has tripled in the western world – also in Germany,” said the expert.

“This goes hand in hand with the increase in affluence diseases, which include non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFL) as a starting point for possible liver diseases such as cirrhosis and liver cell cancer. In rare cases, a fatty liver can manifest itself undetected, for example due to a lipid metabolism disorder, even with normal body weight – this is referred to as the so-called thin thickness. “

Lockdowns have made things worse

Many younger men in particular are overweight. The new nutrition report published by the German Nutrition Society (DGE) in November 2020 even shows that in the 30-year-old group, people of normal weight are in the minority.

59.4 percent of men between 18 and 65 years are too fat, while 37.3 percent of women in this age group are overweight or obese. This changes with increasing age: From the age of 65, women of normal weight are also in the minority. In addition, every seventh child is overweight or obese.

Even before the corona pandemic, experts spoke of a dramatic development that was made even worse by the “lockdowns” with restricted sports opportunities and increased consumption of fast food.

“Everyone should ask themselves in 2021 in which areas of life they can do more for their health. In addition to making a lifestyle change in the areas of diet and exercise, we also recommend a critical look at alcohol consumption. Here we support the appeal of the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) to give the liver a break from alcohol, ”said Professor Manns’ advice for the new year.

“One of the risks of alcohol consumption is alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFL), which, like NAFL, can lead to cirrhosis and liver cell cancer. Another important part of personal health responsibility is also taking part in regular preventive examinations, during which the blood and liver values ​​(for example, GPT or ALT) can also be checked. “

Viral disease test

There are many ways of making 2021 a healthier phase of life from which the liver will also benefit – provided that the goals set are pursued with motivation and focus.

In the coming year, health policy will also help to ensure that liver health can be checked more and more effectively: As part of the “health check-up” program for those with statutory health insurance, known as “Check-up 35” until March 2019, according to the Liver Foundation, from the age of 35. You are entitled to a preventive examination every three years.

The Federal Joint Committee (G-BA) has decided that as a new component of this investigation, the test for the viral diseases hepatitis B and hepatitis C, which, like fatty liver hepatitis, can be responsible for the development of liver cirrhosis and liver cell cancer, can be used in the future .

The aim is to detect previously undiscovered infections with the hepatitis viruses B (HBV) and C (HCV). The entry into force of this resolution is expected shortly. Eligible persons can take the newly introduced test for hepatitis B and C separately if their appointment for the “health examination” is before the new regulation finally comes into force. (ad)

Author and source information

This text complies with the requirements of specialist medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical professionals.


  • German Liver Foundation: New Year for Liver Health – German Liver Foundation gives tips for 2021, (accessed: December 29, 2020), German Liver Foundation
  • AOK Die Gesundheitskasse: Enjoy carefree: This is how your liver stays healthy, (accessed: December 29, 2020), AOK Die Gesundheitskasse

Important NOTE:
This article is for general guidance only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.


Con bilis de Will Self

Rodrigo FresánRodrigo Fresán



Will Self returns. Joy. Because Self (London, 1961) is, in addition to being a narrator, a writer. That is to say: Self is concerned not only with what counts but also with how to tell it. The truth is that not many are left like him. And agree: with that great name of his Will Self is, also, a character of William Woodard Self (and it is more than ever in Will, his recent memories of junkie) who, in 1997, knew how to be recognized as that Best Young Author on Hunter S. Thompson’s UK version of Granta’s list upon being ejected from his newspaper post The Observer for using heroin on the prime minister’s plane.

Since then, Self has been a regular figure


Foods Available For Vitamin D Listed

Today, 10:30 | author: Daria Kuznetsova | Photo ru.depositphotos.com

Scientists have named the available product, the presence of which in the diet, will make up for the lack of vitamin D. This vitamin protects against coronavirus infection and severe disease.

Earlier, experts have identified a low content of vitamin D in the blood of people with severe coronavirus. In the opinion of the Boston University experts, whose research was published in the PLOS ONE publication, the necessary vitamin D rate will minimize complications and exclude lethal death in coronavirus infection.

Experts found that people with coronavirus infection with sufficient vitamin content in their blood showed low blood levels of an inflammatory marker (C-reactive protein) and high levels of lymphocytes, cells that help fight infections.

Scientists noted that if a person does not receive the required amount of light, foods containing vitamin D should be included in the diet, or supplements should be started, according to The Health Site.

Scientists have named mushrooms the richest vitamin product. Like our body, mushrooms produce vitamin when exposed to sunlight. The difference is that mushrooms produce vitamin D2, while humans produce vitamin D3.

Vitamin D is also found in eggs. The yolk of one medium egg contains 37 IU of vitamin, in the yolk of a large one – 44 IU.

The largest amount of vitamin is found in salmon fish species: 250 IU per serving. The more affordable herring and sardines should also be included in the diet. It is noted that two capsules of cod liver oil will provide 400 IU of the vitamin.

Vitamin D is also found in beef liver, dairy and fermented milk products.


Dummerstorf: Twelve people infected with hepatitis A | NDR.de – news

As of November 12, 2020 12:44 p.m.

A dozen people have been infected with hepatitis A in the Rostock district. All contact persons should now be vaccinated.

In the municipality of Dummerstorf in the Rostock district, twelve people were infected with the hepatitis A virus. The district announced. Both children and adults are affected. Your contacts will now be vaccinated. Everything else will then be decided individually, said a district spokesman for NDR 1 Radio MV.

Contact person restrictions

In addition, restrictions such as visiting bans apply for several weeks. People who have had close contact with the sick are not allowed to visit nursing homes and daycare centers. Those who work in the food industry are initially banned from work. However, there is no general obligation for all contact persons to stay completely at home, it said.

Some infected people were in the same places

In addition to the twelve detected infections, there is another suspected case. It is still unclear where those affected were infected with the hepatitis A virus. According to the district spokesman, at first glance the persons concerned are not related. However, there are indications that they were at least partially in the same places.

What is hepatitis A?

The main symptom of hepatitis A infection is acute liver inflammation. There are also diarrhea, fever, weakness and yellow skin. According to the health authorities, the disease usually heals without complications. Hepatitis A is the most harmless of the hepatitis diseases. The more dangerous pathogens causing hepatitis B and C are usually passed on through blood and sexual contacts. There is a vaccine against hepatitis B, but not yet against variant C.

Transmission via food?

The health department suspects that the infectious disease was spread through food. Therefore the food control of the district was switched on. Official veterinarians and food inspectors have already taken samples at various locations in the community. Spread through drinking water is considered unlikely. The incubation period for hepatitis A is up to 50 days. Compliance with general hygiene rules, especially hand washing after going to the toilet and before handling food, can protect against infection.

Mostly relatively harmless disease

Hepatitis A is a contagious inflammation of the liver. With around 1,000 cases per year, it rarely occurs in Germany. The infection is acute, usually heals on its own, and rarely becomes chronic. Children often have mild symptoms. In very rare cases, especially with previous illnesses, the disease can be fatal.

Further information

Five hepatitis pathogens are known. The symptoms are often not recognized. An overview of hepatitis A to E. external

Vaccination utensils before vaccination certificates.  © fotolia.com

Do I only have to get vaccinated if I am going on a long-haul trip? No, because protection can also be useful in Europe. Tips from vaccination doctor Dr. Christoph Langer. more

This topic in the program:

NDR 1 Radio MV | 11/12/2020 | 12:00 o’clock

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Vitamin D can negatively affect the course of the coronavirus

Yesterday, 12:53 | author: Ivan Egorov | Photo ru.depositphotos.com

Experts spoke about the danger of excess amounts of vitamin D in the body, as well as its properties in the fight against Covid-19.

It is known that the “sunshine” vitamin strengthens the immune system. British scientists managed to prove its effectiveness in the treatment of coronavirus.

However, as noted by the head of the sector of applied phytovirusology, Moscow State University. Lomonosov Nikolay Nikitin, when taking a vitamin, you need to take into account some of the nuances. He explained that the positive effect is observed only in patients with a deficiency of the substance, and its overabundance may, on the contrary, increase the risk of complications.

The head physician of the private ambulance service Lev Averbakh also warned about the danger of uncontrolled intake of vitamin D. The specialist clarified that vitamin complexes are taken only as prescribed by a doctor based on the results of a blood test. He recalled that you can get the vitamin when you are in the sun. The doctor recommended to include in the diet such foods as cod liver, oily varieties of marine fish, mushrooms, beef liver, cheese and egg yolk to fill the deficit.

Allergist Vladimir Bolibok also warned that an excess of vitamin B can provoke kidney stones. He clarified that taking vitamins does not protect against infections. The specialist called sunbathing in combination with the consumption of oily fish more effective.


The “morning” product found “reserves” of vitamin D


Oct 30, 2020

Vitamin D is a very important component in the cold season, especially against the backdrop of the coronavirus pandemic. Scientists have found out which foods contain the real “reserves” of this vitamin.

Vitamin D is incredibly important for immune and digestive health, according to the researchers. It is best absorbed from sunlight, but there is not much of it in the fall, but there is a way out: this vitamin is found in some products, reports Express.

According to physician Kim Plaza, eggs contain the most vitamin D. Especially in egg yolks. The specialist recommended using this “morning” product not only for breakfast. Vitamin D can also be found in cheese, fish, sour cream, caviar and liver.

LIVE24 previously reported that scientists in the UK conducted a study that helped to understand which vitamins can prevent breathing problems. The experiment involved 6 thousand volunteers. It was found that the most difficult is for people with deficiencies of vitamins of groups A, E and D.


Patients with obesity and fatty liver are at higher risk after being infected with COVID-19





The patients with obesity and fatty liver with inflammation are at higher risk after COVID-19 infection, as a study recently published in the Journal of Hepatology concludes.

COVID-19 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 infection is considered one of the main pandemics in recent years. In Spain, mortality from COVID-19 varies between 2-6%, but recent data indicate that 80% of patients with a severe form of COVID infection have obesity, according to a study by the Spanish Society of Obesity (SEEDO) .

In addition, within the wide spectrum of symptoms caused by COVID-19, a considerable percentage of patients have some type of liver failure.

The illness nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or liver grade with inflammation, characterized by inflammation and liver fibrosis, is associated with obesity and affects 1.9 billion people in the world.

Graphic – Author

The study, led by the Molecular Metabolism laboratory of Ruben Nogueiras, researcher at the Singular Center for Research in Molecular Medicine and Chronic Diseases of the University of Santiago de Compostela (CIMUS) and the CIBER of Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBEROBN) and the of Liver Disease of Malu Martínez Chantar (CIC bioGUNE) and CIBER of Hepatic and Digestive Diseases (CIBEREHD), have shown that, in patients with obesity and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, a higher expression of ACE2, the cellular receptor of the virus , and of Tmprss2, a molecule that facilitates the union of the membranes of the virus and the cell.

A considerable percentage of patients have some type of liver failure

“These patients therefore have a very efficient virus entry machinery, increasing their vulnerability in case of infection”, say the doctors Nogueiras and Martínez Chantar. In this same study, it has been identified that this virus entry machinery is not elevated in patients with obesity and steatosis (a milder stage than steatohepatitis) or in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes, diseases that are also closely linked.


See them


Having obesity and fatty liver with inflammation increases the risk of severe Covid-19

ABC Health



Patients with obesity and fatty liver with inflammation are at increased risk of Covid-19 grave, as concludes a study that has just been published in the “Journal of Hepatology.”

Recent data indicates that 80% of patients with severe coronavirus have obesity, according to a study by the Spanish Society of Obesity (SEEDO). In addition, within the wide spectrum of symptoms caused by Covid-19, a considerable percentage of patients have some type of liver failure.

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or fatty liver with inflammation, characterized by inflammation and liver fibrosis, is associated with obesity and affects 1.9 billion people in the world.

The study, led by the Molecular Metabolism laboratory of Rubén Nogueiras, researcher at the Singular Center for Research in Molecular Medicine and Chronic Diseases of the University of Santiago de Compostela (CiMUS and the CIBER of Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition-CIBEROBN) and the of Liver Disease by Malu Martínez Chantar (CIC bioGUNE and CIBER of Hepatic and Digestive Diseases (CIBEREHD), has shown that, in patients with obesity and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, a higher expression of ACE2, the cellular receptor of the virus, and of Tmprss2, a molecule that facilitates the union of the membranes of the virus and the cell.

“These patients therefore have a highly efficient virus entry machinery, increasing their vulnerability in case of infection “, say Drs. Nogueiras and Martínez Chantar.

In this same study, it has been identified that this virus entry machinery is not elevated in patients with obesity and steatosis (a milder stage than steatohepatitis) or in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes, diseases that are also closely linked.

This work, carried out in collaboration with Javier Crespo, researcher at the Marqués de Valdecilla / IDIVAL University Hospital and CIBEREHD; and Gema Frühbeck, researcher at the Clínica Universidad de Navarra, the CIBEROBN and a consortium of international researchers, has been published in the international journal “Journal of Hepatology”, one of the most impactful in her area. The first authors of this work are the researchers Marcos F. Fondevila, María Mercado-Gómez, Amaia Rodríguez and María J. González-Rellán.

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Named products that help cleanse the liver of toxins and toxins


10 Sep 2020.

The liver is one of the main human organs. It neutralizes a huge amount of harmful and toxic substances in the body. However, this body also needs constant attention, Sputnik radio reports.

Essentially, the liver is a “natural filter”. This vital organ helps the body get rid of waste and toxins. It can be cleansed with the help of various medications, but few people know that a good result can be achieved naturally, as there are foods, the regular use of which leads to the cleansing and restoration of the liver.

If we talk about the benefits of some fruits, then highlight the cost avocado… This fruit is one of the leaders in cleansing the liver from toxins and toxins. Avocados are able to stimulate the production of glutathione, a compound that plays an important role in the detoxification process of a vital organ.

Also, this can include honey… Experts are sure that it should be consumed 2-3 times a day 30-40 minutes before meals. Honey contains a huge amount of glucose, fructose and other components that activate the processes of bile production and the restoration of damaged liver cells.

In addition, an excellent source of vitamin C and other antioxidants are lemons and grapefruits… Research has shown that grapefruit can destroy carcinogens and neutralize many toxins.

Of vegetables, a large amount of flavonoids and beta-carotene contain carrots and beets… They perfectly stimulate the liver and accelerate the detoxification process in the body. Garlic cleanses the liver of toxins, and is also a source of allicin and selenium – substances that help cleanse the “natural filter”.

Experts advise having a cup every morning green tea, as it is very beneficial for health, and its special compounds have a positive effect on liver function. Also olive oil has beneficial properties. oil cold pressed, corn, linseed and sunflower seeds. This product supplies the body with beneficial lipids that eliminate toxins. However, oil should be consumed in small quantities.

Apples are a source of pectin, which in turn affects the liver and improves its function. In addition, whole grains are good for the gut. They improve metabolism, which has a beneficial effect on the liver. The best foods in this category are brown rice, oats and bran.

Broccoli, spinach, lettuce, Brussels sprouts and all green leafy vegetables contain a lot of chlorophyll and compounds that remove heavy metals, chemicals and pesticides from the body. In addition, they stimulate the work of the gallbladder, and he, in turn, removes decay products from organs and blood.

Earlier LIVE24 reported that proctologist and oncologist Elena Smirnova named a way to cleanse the intestines and liver of toxins and toxins. The physician noted that the independent appointment of such procedures can cause even more harm to the body.

She told about cases in her practice, when patients on their own initiative began to resort to enemas, hydrocolonotherapy and the use of laxatives. This does not need to be done without the appointment of a specialist. In particular, due to such manipulations, useful substances, for example, potassium, magnesium, calcium and sodium, can be washed out of the body. First of all, the nervous system suffers.