what they said – Time

Arnaldo Magro

Long phone call yesterday between Giuseppe Conte and Giorgia Meloni. Despite the heated clashes in Parliament between the two, there still seems to be mutual esteem and a frank confrontation. It seems they discussed the extension of the state of emergency due to Covid. “We are worried about the numbers of infections, about the situation in the hospitals in the South, so I intend to extend it” the President Conte would have informed her. “We can’t do Giuseppe, if we have to live with Covid for the next few years, what will you do – will you extend it for the next 10 years?”. Another topic always debated during the phone call was the imprisonment of 18 Sicilian fishermen in the hands of Haftar’s Libya. «We must mediate with Macron’s France, Meloni would have said. He should intervene in the negotiation. Do you think that if the fishermen had been French, we would still be here talking about it you and I by now? ‘


Mercenaries in action (newspaper Junge Welt)

Karo Sahakyan / PAN Photo / AP / dpa

Warheads after an Azerbaijani artillery attack in Hadrut (Thursday)

The suspicion that Turkey is recruiting Syrian mercenaries for its own geopolitical goals and letting them fight in various countries – for example in Libya – has long been in the room. However, the war between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region has led western politicians to say what is usually said only in secret diplomatic meetings: French President Emmanuel Macron said on Thursday ahead of the EU summit that Paris had Indications that Ankara is relocating »Syrian fighters from jihadist groups« to Azerbaijan.

The Armenian President Nikol Pashinyan previously made similar accusations. On Sunday he repeated this in an interview with the daily newspaper The world. According to this, fallen Syrian mercenaries account for 30 percent of the losses on the Azerbaijani side. Turkey lured them with false promises. Ankara was actually primarily responsible for the escalation, said the head of state. A total of 4,000, said the British daily Guardian on September 28th on Pashinans.

Turkish officials deny the export of fighters, but even a 2016 paper by the German BND stated that Turkey had developed into a “central platform for action for Islamist groups” and supported them. However, it is also noticeable that, in addition to members of the Islamist militia, ordinary Syrians join the fighting. Their motivation is not ideological like the »jihad« against Christian Armenians, but has financial reasons: They should earn between 7,000 and 10,000 Turkish lira (around 770 to 1,100 euros) on assignments abroad, he wrote Guardian. The fighting in Syria, on the other hand, only brings in 450 to 550 Turkish lira a month.

In the article, the daily refers to several interlocutors. They stated that they also had no knowledge of the fighting. A Turkish security company, whose name they do not know, trained them in the Kurdish city of Afrin, which has been occupied by Turkey since March 2018. They were told they would only “assist” and “patrol”. Besides, they didn’t know how long the mission would take.

Said “security company” could be Sadat, headed by former Turkish Brigadier General Adnan Tanriverdi. In 1996 he was forcibly retired due to Islamist views. He has remained true to his ideals from almost 25 years ago. On the English-language website of Sadat, the aim is listed to “help the Islamic world to take the place in the world that it deserves”. Until January 2020 Tanriverdi was for many years “military advisor” to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. He had to resign because of a speech that had caused much criticism in the ruling AKP party.

The Turkish government appreciates the activities of the Sadat company: strategic gains for the country without the loss of Turkish soldiers, which means that the government does not come under domestic political pressure and it is difficult to officially prosecute. In Libya, Ankara’s mercenaries helped the allies of the “National Consensus Government” (GNA) in Tripoli to avert the military defeat against the “Libyan National Army” (LNA). However, private security companies like Sadat are not an isolated case.

In any case, Russia should not like the use of the Turkish mercenaries. The Russian Republic of Dagestan has major problems with Islamists and borders Azerbaijan. That is why there is also some speculation as to whether Turkey might not intentionally create a source of fire on Moscow’s doorstep in return for Russia’s concessions in Libya. Moscow supports the LNA there.


A war of self-enrichment (neue-deutschland.de)

Many militias are involved in Libya. The importance of foreign mercenaries is also increasing

Photo: Ppi / PPI via ZUMA Wire / dpa

When one speaks of the war in Libya in the UN, the EU, in the Bundestag or in most of the media, one usually speaks of two warring parties. In the west, the internationally recognized unity government (GNA) with its seat in Tripoli dominates. In the east sits General Khalifa Haftar, who has his territories run by a parliament based in the east Libyan city of Tobruk, but de facto has the say. Since the government split in 2014, the so-called second Libyan civil war has raged in Libya. But how much simplified the representation of two competing sides is was last made clear on Friday, when angry demonstrators in Tajoura, a suburb of the capital Tripoli, cordoned off several streets.

Days earlier, several young men were shot dead by the local militia – the Daman – under as yet unexplained circumstances. Because these armed groups, some of which were instrumental in the overthrow of long-time President Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2011, have risen to become the most powerful actors in the country. The government army of the GNA as well as Haftar’s Libyan National Army (LNA) do not actually consist of a centrally administered army, but of many local militias. Although these express their loyalty to one side or the other, they are not under their control.

Even under Gaddafi, individual tribes and their armed wings played a central role in the state apparatus. But through clever tactics, Gaddafi was able to integrate them into the state structures and thus also control them more intensively. After Gaddafi was overthrown and killed by rebels, there was no central power. The once integrated groups now compete for resources with violence. It is about the rich oil and gas reserves.

Both the GNA and General Haftar are meanwhile trying their hand at the Gaddafi system. They give the individual militias state power of disposal. These then wear the badges of the police or the military in their neighborhoods and villages. However, the main priority for these groups is not maintaining peace and order, but rather their own interests. That is why they regularly fight each other, occupy oil fields or maltreat the population. Last Wednesday, pro-Haftar militias refused to allow a civilian aircraft from the state-owned Afriqiyah to land in the southern city of Sabha. The plane then had to turn around and fly back to Tripoli.

Not least because of this, the GNA, like Khalifa Haftar, relies on foreign forces to enforce state interests militarily. On the part of the GNA, more than 5,000 Syrian mercenaries are said to be fighting, flown in through Turkey. This offers the rebels on the retreat in Syria a lucrative way out of the war, which they hate President Bashar al Assad will probably win. Syrians are said to receive around US $ 3,000 a month if they volunteer to fight in Libya. For local actors, these mercenaries are not only an active support in the fight against the East Libyan LNA – thanks to their and Turkish help, the year-long siege of the capital by General Haftar was ended. In recent months there has been fighting between Syrians and Libyan forces, especially in Tripoli. In the east, Haftar primarily relies on mercenaries from Sudan and Russia. In June the state-owned oil company announced that Russian mercenaries from the Kremlin-affiliated Wagner group had taken control of one of the country’s largest oil fields.

No matter how the GNA and Haftar come to an agreement in the future, or whether one side should win the war, the government’s greatest hurdle to a peaceful future for the country will be the military and political disarmament of the countless armed factions that continue to exist Benefit chaos.


European Union: Crisis Policy in Slow Motion (neue-deutschland.de)

Hardly any other European country is currently as badly affected by the corona pandemic as Belgium. The number of reported infections in the past two weeks was 139 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Only five countries in the EU had higher values ​​during this period. It was therefore only a matter of time before the virus reached the circles of top politicians. In the middle of the week it became known that a bodyguard of Charles Michel was infected. The Belgian EU Council President had to be quarantined and the special summit of the heads of state and government planned for Thursday and Friday was postponed by a week.

The shift is symbolic of the current situation of the union of states, which is making slow progress in its crisis management. Not only Brexit and its consequences are a constant topic that should be on the agenda again at the summit. The British left the European Union at the beginning of the year. But things get complicated again because the London government wants to violate parts of the Brexit treaty with a single market law. The British plans could override special clauses for Northern Ireland, which should avoid a hard border with the EU state Ireland.

In addition, many other conflicts are smoldering within the EU and with its direct neighbors. After the European Commission presented its proposal for a migration pact this week, there was opposition from Hungary and the Czech Republic. The governments of these countries do not like the fact that their states should be obliged in exceptional cases to accept refugees. They also demand negotiations with dictatorships in North Africa over so-called hotspots, where the refugees are then crammed together and registered. The idea is not new, but so far there are no corresponding agreements with the North Africans.

Even so, the EU has found ways to stop asylum seekers before they reach Europe. To this end, the European Union is cooperating with the so-called Libyan Coast Guard, among others. She was trained by the Europeans and supported with technical means. A report recently presented by Amnesty International documents human rights violations committed against refugees who were picked up by the “coast guard” in the Mediterranean and brought back to Libya. Unlawful killings, enforced disappearances and exploitation of migrants are on the agenda, the report says. The perpetrators are both state and non-state actors.

War has raged in Libya since the fall of Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2011. The EU states decided on Monday to sanction individual companies from Turkey, Jordan and Kazakhstan for violating the UN arms embargo on Libya. These measures are rather symbolic given the large number of actors involved in the conflict. The government in Tripoli is militarily supported by Turkey, the opposition General Khalifa Haftar by a number of other countries, including Egypt and Jordan. It remains contradictory that the Federal Republic of Germany, for example, endorses the EU’s sanctions, but delivers armaments to countries that are involved in the Libyan conflict and create causes of flight.

This applies to Turkey, among others. When the conflict over natural gas in the Eastern Mediterranean between Greece and Cyprus on the one hand and Turkey on the other was discussed at the EU level and the question arose as to whether one should proceed with sanctions against Turkey, the German government counted the brakes. Differences between Germany and France also became clear here. In the war in Libya, the French and Turks support different parties. The government in Paris is considered an ally of the rebel General Haftar. The French want to curb Turkey’s drive for power in the Mediterranean region as a whole and have therefore held military maneuvers with Cyprus and Greece. President Emmanuel Macron recently noted that he saw “no more partner” in Turkey and threatened sanctions in the dispute over drilling rights in the Aegean.

The federal government, on the other hand, did its utmost to prevent tough action by EU states against the country, which is ruled authoritarian by head of state Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, because, in its view, it should not be lost as an economic and geostrategic NATO partner. In addition, Erdoğan can use the numerous refugees who are in his country and would like to travel on to Europe as a means of pressure against the EU.

That is why Erdoğan does not have to be too afraid of very strict punitive measures by the European Union. Its partners there also tend to overlook the fact that Turkey is acting as an aggressor in the region not only with its military activities in Libya, but also through its raids on Kurdish areas in Syria. The federal government in particular is relying on amicable agreements with Erdoğan. For this, important prerequisites have now been created. After talks with Chancellor Angela Merkel and Charles Michel, the Turkish President has shown himself ready for a dialogue with Greece.

Cyprus now lacks reasons to continue to block the EU’s sanctions against Belarus. The island state only wanted to agree to this if punitive measures were also decided against Turkey. The latter should be off the table after the offer of dialogue, when there are no more major provocations from Ankara.

The EU basically agrees that it wants to create a threat against the Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko. Despite allegations of election fraud and major protests, he remains in office. Because the European Union’s plans are not going fast enough for them, the Baltic states have already taken their own steps. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania recently agreed to expand punitive measures against more than 100 people who are held responsible for the fraudulent presidential election in Belarus and the violence against peaceful demonstrators. Those affected are thus prohibited from entering the three Baltic EU countries.


Moscow and Minsk outraged: Belarus horror brought to Brussels

Breakfast turns into a political issue: because the EU foreign ministers receive the Belarusian opposition party Tichanovskaya in Brussels, emotions are boiling in Moscow and Minsk. But the supporters of President Lukashenko need not fear any concrete consequences after the meeting.

The foreign ministers of the EU states caused outrage by meeting with the Belarusian opposition leader Svetlana Tichanovskaya in Minsk and Moscow. Russia condemned the reception of the opponent of the head of state Alexander Lukashenko as interference in the internal affairs of the former Soviet republic. “Given the situation in Belarus, this runs counter to the goal of restoring stability,” said Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Sakharova.

The government in Minsk, which otherwise prefers to let its supporters from Russia speak for itself, was outraged that the 38-year-old was received on the international stage. “Our country is facing unprecedented external pressure,” said Prime Minister Roman Golovchenko. The West is trying to plunge the country into “chaos”. The Foreign Ministry said the reception was a disregard for the Belarusian people, whom Lukashenko had re-elected on August 9 by a large majority.

The EU sharply rejected the allegations. At breakfast with Tichanovskaya in the morning it was about democracy and human rights, said the EU foreign affairs representative Josep Borrell. “This cannot be viewed as an intrusion into internal affairs.” In addition, several foreign ministers made it clear that they are ready to tighten the course against Minsk again.

Federal Foreign Minister Heiko Maas spoke out in favor of examining sanctions against Lukashenko personally. “We have to realize that nothing has got better in the last few weeks. The violence that Lukashenko is using against peaceful demonstrators is completely unacceptable,” said the SPD politician in Brussels. One must now ask oneself whether Lukashenko should not also be on the sanctions list as the main responsible.

Cyprus blocks previous punitive measures

The planned Belarus sanctions are supposed to affect around 40 people who are accused of participating in election fraud or violent crackdown on peaceful protests – including the interior minister. There have been protests and strikes against Lukashenko in Belarus since the presidential election. The head of state, who has been in power for 26 years, was declared the winner again with 80.1 percent. There have since been several dead, hundreds injured and more than 10,000 arrests. Russia gives political and financial support to Lukashenko, who has been described as the “last dictator in Europe”.

The democracy movement in the country sees Tichanovskaya as the winner. “We are really impressed by the courage and perseverance of the people in Belarus,” said EU Foreign Affairs Representative Borrell. The women in particular showed real leadership. Tichanowskaja called on the EU states to turn off the money supply to the regime. “All the money that Mr. Lukashenko can get now (…) will only be used for violence.” At their meeting, she showed the ministers what violence she means: she held up the photo of a severely abused male body.

But it is still unclear when the EU will even be able to adopt the penalties that have been planned for weeks. The reason is a veto by the small EU country Cyprus, which wants to persuade the other member states to support new sanctions against Turkey. Cyprus and Greece have long been calling on the EU to react more sharply to Turkish gas explorations in the eastern Mediterranean that they consider illegal. Other EU countries believe that this could make ongoing mediation efforts difficult. You therefore want to wait before agreeing to new Turkey sanctions.

Cyprus was again angry about this at the beginning of the week. “Our reaction to violations of our core values ​​and principles cannot be à la carte. It has to be consistent,” said Foreign Minister Nikos Christodoulidis on EU policy.

Agreement on Libya question

The blockade of Cyprus, which is extremely uncomfortable for the EU, could rekindle the debate that has been going on for a long time about a possible abandonment of the principle of unanimity in sanctioning decisions. Countries like Germany have shown themselves to be fundamentally open to such a step – but it is unclear how far it could go. Countries such as Cyprus are likely to refuse to allow sanction decisions to be taken unanimously in the future for violations of human rights, but not for violations of the national sovereignty of EU states.

Meanwhile, the EU foreign ministers showed unity on the subject of Libya: They imposed sanctions for violating the UN arms embargo. The ministers decided to take action against three companies from Turkey, Jordan and Kazakhstan and two people, as EU diplomats announced. They are said to have been involved in the delivery of war material while circumventing the embargo. Possible accounts of companies in the EU will be blocked by the sanctions. In addition, European companies are no longer allowed to maintain business relationships with them. Entry bans and account freezes are imposed on the persons.

The sanctions were decided in principle by the EU ambassadors of the 27 member states on Friday and have now been put into effect by the ministers. It is the first time that the EU has imposed sanctions for violating the arms embargo on its own. So far it had only implemented UN sanctions in this area.

At an international Libya conference in Berlin in January, the countries involved had actually promised not to continue to support the conflicting parties and to comply with the existing arms embargo. Since then, however, weapons have continued to enter the country. In March of this year, the EU decided on a new naval mission to enforce the arms embargo. The “Irini” military operation uses ships and airplanes to monitor the sea route to Libya in particular.


EU sanctions for violating the Libya embargo

Civil war is raging in Libya. The United Nations has imposed an arms embargo. But it is violated again and again. Now the EU is reacting.

The European Union is imposing sanctions for violating the UN arms embargo against Libya. The foreign ministers of the member states unanimously passed a corresponding decision in Brussels, according to EU circles.

The punitive measures are directed against companies and individuals who have provided ships, aircraft or other logistics for the transport of war material. Specifically, according to information from EU circles, it is about three companies from Turkey, Jordan and Kazakhstan as well as two people from Libya.

A solution is important for western countries

Civil war has raged in Libya since the overthrow of long-term ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2011. The government troops are supported by Turkey, their opponent, General Khalifa Haftar, in turn by Egypt, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates and Russia. All attempts to mediate in the conflict have so far been unsuccessful – including a Libya conference in Berlin in January.

For countries like Germany, France and Italy, a solution is also important because the chaotic conditions favor the business of smugglers who illegally bring migrants to Europe across the Mediterranean.

The arms deliveries continued

The sanctions adopted include travel and property freezes. In addition, European companies are no longer allowed to do business with the companies and persons concerned.

The United Nations accuse Jordan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates in particular of fueling the Libya conflict with arms deliveries and mercenaries. At the Libya summit, at least Turkey and the Emirates committed themselves to comply with the embargo. According to UN information, the deliveries have continued unabated since then.


Koudelka in the heart of stones

As if withdrawn from contingencies, it happens, at the twilight of their career, that great photographers want to get away from the hectic pace of everyday life. This is how Don McCullin, an illustrious war reporter absorbed by the rustic landscapes of Somerset, where he lives, or Joel Meyerowitz, tasting the sweetness of Tuscany or scrutinizing objects that belonged to Cézanne.

Arid witnesses

Another octogenarian, the eternal walker Josef Koudelka, has chosen as his favorite theme the (very) old stones. Exit the jolts of the Prague spring or the daily life of the gypsies. The former member of the Union of Czechoslovak Artists, naturalized French in 1987, certainly continued to see the country but, expunged of all human presence, his gaze was only interested in archaeological sites in the Mediterranean basin. From Albania to Turkey, via Bulgaria, Syria, Libya and, of course, Greece, Italy and France, the review thus comprises more than two hundred stages, spread over twenty-six years and hardly fewer countries.

Almost three decades had passed without Paris devoting the slightest exhibition to this historic figure of the Magnum agency, but the anomaly was repaired in 2017, when the Pompidou center paid tribute to “Exils”. And today, it is the BNF which rolls out the carpet at the imposing “Ruins”, a quest about which the co-commissioner Bernard Latarjet assures that he had “Never seen a self-produced campaign of such magnitude, in time and space”. In fact, the foundations appeared in 1996 (“Periplanissis”) and the project was still called “Vestiges” when it was presented, in 2013, at the Musée de la Vieille Charité within the framework of Marseille-Provence, European capital of culture, then at the Pont du Gard (2015) and the Abbey of Jumièges (2017). But the artist, insatiable, has continued to enrich him since. As shown in a short film in the exhibition where we see the compendious old man, walking alone, with his Leica, these sleeping places, arid witnesses of a majesty as antediluvian as it is imprescriptible.

Optimizing chiaroscuro, the hanging encompasses 110 prints in contrasting black and white in panoramic format, espoused by Josef Koudelka in the mid-1980s to freeze the otherwise laborious reality of French industrial sites in Lorraine and the North. Thought like “A game of reinvention and rediscovery” through a “Mise en abyme de la exploration”, the scenography alternates large formats suspended in a large central space and smaller ones in low windows. So that at the time of the sanitary signage, we wander freely in this airy maze and devoid of any indication, except for an inviting number, to geolocate the sites photographed, to consult a booklet or to refer to a large map mural retracing the route.


Columns, aqueducts, temples, theaters, statues, cisterns, villas, tetrapyles, etc. form a dense inventory, conducive, depending on the state of conservation, to a contemplative reading, sometimes literal, when the geometry has not been too upset, sometimes abstract (cf. the mosaic of a spa room), even surreal, like the fingers of a colossal statue seeming to come out of the earth to grab the rockery.

As sensitive to overall views as to fragments, Koudelka sings a song in this way (from Ruins) elegiac, illustrating Petrarch’s excipit: “Little by little the ruins themselves will become nothing more than the eloquent memorial of the greatness of the ancients.”

Gilles Renault

Ruins of Josef Koudelka at the BNF (75013) until December 16. Rens. : Bnf.fr


Revolution of the poor (daily newspaper Junge Welt)

GNA government militias, like here in Tripoli, drove out the demonstrators (July 6th, 2020

While the political opponents in the Libya conflict allow themselves to be patted on the shoulders by governments around the world for their declaration of a ceasefire and position themselves for the future struggle for posts and influence, the Libyan people are making increasingly clear what they think of the political staff of the crisis-ridden Country holds. For days, people’s pent-up anger about the nationwide supply situation, days of power and water failures, a rising inflation rate and an increasingly out of control spread of the coronavirus has been breaking out at rallies.

The center of the protests is the capital Tripoli. It is controlled by the »Consensus Government« (GNA), which was set up by the UN in 2015. There were minor protests over the living conditions there last Thursday. A television interview with a 70-year-old protester caused quite a stir on Twitter. The woman furiously urges the government of Fajes Al-Sarradsch to stop ignoring people’s problems: “Our sons are in the cemeteries and the politicians are enjoying their lives. Our children even start to flee on the boats. How did it come to this? ”Then on Sunday the biggest rallies to date took place in Tripoli. According to the news agency Reuters Hundreds of protesters moved to Martyrs Square and the headquarters of the GNA government to express their anger over the living conditions, corruption and the government’s lack of crisis management.

In view of the dramatic increase in corona infections – according to the Johns Hopkins University, now more than 10,000 – this advised its citizens to stay in the “home office”. In view of the almost daily power outages in the country, statements like these seem like sheer mockery. The corona protection recommendations are no different: hand washing requires a functioning water supply. Added to this is rising inflation in the country, making it impossible for most residents to buy masks or fuel. The months-long oil blockade has also brought the banks into liquidity problems. At the weekend, long queues formed in front of the few branches in Tripoli that still pay out cash.

The rulers in Tripoli reacted to the protests with violence. The demonstration on Sunday was broken up by militias shooting into the air, injuring at least one person. From circles close to the government it is said that the protests were a staging of provocateurs of the counter-government of General Khalifa Haftar or even supporters of the killed former head of state Muammar Al-Ghaddafi. This is countered by the fact that the protests were sparked off by specific social issues for which the opposing government in the East also has no solutions. In Tripoli, demonstrators carried white flags to demonstrate their neutrality in the internal Libyan power struggle. Crossed out posters by Al-Sarradsch, Haftar and the Speaker of the House of Representatives in Tobruk, Aguila Salih, were also on view. On Saturday, the protests under the motto »Revolution of the Poor« had spread to the remote city of Sabha.


Truce and elections announced: finally peace after nine years of war in Libya? – Politics abroad

Is the end of the civil war now finally coming after nine years?

After years of fighting, the opposing sides in Libya have announced a ceasefire and upcoming elections. The unity government in Tripoli in the west of the country and the rival parliament in the east of Libya announced this in separate statements on Friday. Much of the east and south of the country is controlled by General Haftar’s forces.

Prime Minister Sarradsch’s announcement came more than two months after supporters of the government were able to regain control of several areas near Tripoli. In doing so, they stopped a Haftar offensive on the capital that began last year.

Gaddafi’s legacy: political chaos

Agila Saleh, the chairman of the parliament allied with Haftar in eastern Libya, also called for an immediate ceasefire in the country. The ceasefire blocks the way for any foreign military intervention in the country and leads to the withdrawal of mercenaries and the dissolution of militias, he added in a statement released by the Libyan UN mission.

Background: Political chaos has reigned in Libya since the overthrow of long-term ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2011. Haftar, whose troops are supported by the parliament in eastern Libya, is fighting the UN-recognized government of Prime Minister Fajis al-Sarradsch in the capital Tripoli. Both sides are allied with militias.

Other countries are also involved in the conflict: Turkey and Qatar are on the side of the unity government, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Russia are supporting Haftar and his troops.

In April 2019, he began an offensive to conquer Tripoli, but has not yet succeeded. An international Libya conference in Berlin in January this year was initially unable to completely end the bloodshed.

The UN welcomed the “agreement” between the two sides. The federal government also rates the news positively. A spokeswoman for the Federal Foreign Office said that not all details were known yet. But it could be an important step towards resolving the conflict.

During his visit to Libya on Monday, Federal Foreign Minister Heiko Maas (SPD) warned of “deceptive calm” in the civil war country. Because of the ongoing rearmament of the two conflicting parties by their international supporters, “the danger of a military escalation continues to be great,” said Maas at a joint press conference with his Libyan colleague Mohammed Taha Siala in Tripoli. He insisted on a continuation of the Libyan truce talks.