There will be no Pixar in theaters at Christmas

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“Anything you want, but not the end-of-year Pixar!” some movie theater managers probably begged in their sleep, dedicating a daily prayer to God Mickey. In vain. Soul, the latest addition to the illustrious animation studio will go without theaters to be released on December 25 on Disney +, in all the countries served by the streaming platform, including France. The order fell from Walt Disney’s parent company in Los Angeles. One can only imagine the expression of defeat of the general delegate of the Cannes Film Festival, Thierry Frémaux, while a film of its official selection finds its outlet far from the theaters. Not to mention the uneasiness of the Disney France subsidiary, which will have to answer for it during the next family reunions, after the casus belli already caused by the defection of Mulan this summer. “They are abandoning us, they are cowards!” Richard Patry, the president of the National Farmers Federation, got angry in the columns of the Parisian dated August 22, regarding Disney.

Today, the American box office setback suffered by Warner, quite incapable of making profitable the ruinous Tenet (a new round of layoffs in the WarnerMedia group is expected these days) has finished off scald the competing majors. What better lever to install the young Disney + platform in uses than the arrival of a Pixar under the tree? Meanwhile, the longevity and long-tail success of French films in theaters (recently, the cheering Antoinette in the Cévennes) denies the idea of ​​a completely naked exploitation. On the animation side, we can only wish a favorable fate for the Japanese challenger Lupin III : The First as well as the beautiful Calamity, a childhood of Martha Jane Cannary signed Rémi Chayé, a new name for French-speaking excellence in the field, which hits screens on Wednesday. However, last year, in the top 10 entries in France, seven productions of the Disney empire established a leonine reign. If even the king of the food chain cannot risk a few trumps in the name of the survival of the planetary industry, who? During the last industry rally in Deauville, the operators’ union declared that it no longer wanted to argue with Disney, exchanging the rhetoric of treason for a peace of the brave. It is not known if this resolution is still valid as the list of offenses grows a little more each day.

Sandra Onana


Juliette Gréco: letter to Madame

Singer Juliette Gréco died on Wednesday. We are republishing a portrait published in 2015.

Madam, if I allow myself to write to you, it is because I hope you will forgive me for this audacity. I also hope that you are doing better since that gloomy November afternoon, when the dead leaves were gathered with a shovel. You were in little shape then. I will remember your kindness – “It’s a bad attitude to despise the press” – during the almost two hours that you received me in your house in Oise, which you have owned for sixty years, but where “You fuck yourself” in a village without shops. This is why you plan to come back to live in a house in Paris, a city that you left twenty-five years ago.

I activated the bronze hand that serves as a doorbell on the front door. After a few seconds, the glasses stuck in your jet black hair, you slid your sweet face into the cold and invited me in. “Shall I settle into that one?” I said pointing to one of the two sofas in your living room. “You have better!” you replied, brandishing a falsely vindictive right index finger. Provocative (per game), you found it useful to specify: “I have a bad temper, I am intransigent.”

In the fireplace, logs warmed us and tried to do the same with your heart that you had big that day. You told me you were sad. The fault of a malicious visitor who, you say, stole a painting by Serge Gainsbourg dating from the early 1960s and replaced it with a copy. It was the last one he had painted and he had given it to you when he saw you, as usual at your address.

Gainsbourg, as you called him, with whom you spent a – wise – night in 1962, locking champagne while listening to music. Then you started dancing “Like a moth”, but without undressing. However, “Serge was handsome, with magnificent eyes and hands”. You like to say: “There are people who have nothing behind their eyes.” Besides, blindness is your anxiety, the augury of no longer seeing you “Fuck off”.

The next day, Gainsbourg came back to you. He had arrived with a sheet of paper, had sat down at the piano to sing you a song he had written and composed before dawn when he returned home. Javanese, Madam, you inspired her Javanese ! Pretty kid, your beauty had stunned him. Still, you make sure you never liked your body bark. “I don’t look at myself, I’m not in love with myself, I find myself ugly, you say. I might be my worst customer, j I am terribly demanding of me. I prefer to love others. ” The others, you cherish them, without wanting to make special efforts, “If not to be polite”. “I would hate to be rude and hurt others.” Fame ? You don’t care: “I live the life, the lives that have been offered to me. And I had plenty. ”

This existence, I listened to you humbly tell it to me, confide in me your wonders, the encounters that have marked your rich journey. Artistic as in love. Vian, Prévert, Ferré, Béart, Brassens, Trenet and even Sartre, etc. All of them have written songs for you. Your repertoire has between 500 and 600, you don’t know exactly how many, because you don’t know “Not count”. None have your preference, because “Each was a choice”. You have never written texts yourself and do not play any instrument. “I play with myself, you say, because I am an instrument in my own right. “ Olivia Ruiz, Benjamin Biolay, Miossec – “I love” -, Abd al-Malik – “He says I’m a rocker” -, Christine and The Queens – “She’s amazing, that one” – and Etienne Daho – “His talent and his proud humility touch me” – are the current actors of the French music scene who have your favors. Just like, in another genre, François Hollande, because you have “Always interested in politics”. In 2012, you voted for the socialist with “A lot of enthusiasm” and you have “Difficulty in thinking badly about it”. You say : “I am not defeatist and, as he is intelligent, all hopes are allowed.”

Madam, I delighted in the story of your meeting in 1949 with Miles Davis in Saint-Germain-des-Prés, then in your love story. You were 22 years old and have “Immediately succumbed” with the charm of the American jazzman. “I hadn’t seen he was black. I had only seen her beauty, and he had not seen that I was white. Fortunately, because he was a racist. And he was flirtatious as a girl. “ For fear that you would suffer from racism by moving to the United States with him, he refused to propose to you in marriage. One day Sartre asked him why he wasn’t marrying you. Miles Davis replied that it was because he loved you. “Anyway, I would have refused to marry him!” assert yourself, admitting that you continued to love yourself in your own way until her last breath. You were married three times thereafter. The first, with actor Philippe Lemaire, “To acquire freedom”. Your only daughter will be born from this union. Here you are now “grandma”. In 1966, Michel Piccoli also put the ring on your finger, before you left him in 1977. “I was very happy in love, but I always left before it got bad.” Bravery ? “Not really. It is better to preserve friendship. I have remained friends with all my guys. ” For twenty-seven years, you have been married to Gérard Jouannest, who composed some thirty songs for Brel and has been accompanying you on the piano on stage since 1968. Because, with you, there have always been afterwards.

Things seemed badly off from the start. As a child, do you remember that your mom didn’t love you, that she never loved you, that she “Almost everything refused”, that she hit you one day when you were “The fruit of rape” from her husband. Your father, then. “For her, I was just a bad memory. On the other hand, she loved my sister. ” So you fought. “The child is tenacious. He is still in me. And this child tells me that I have done a good job. ” You were raised in convents and escaped deportation in 1943, unlike your mother and sister. And if you hadn’t been a singer, you would have been “In helping others”, “To give everything [votre] love potential ”. I can easily believe you. Lately you have “worked a lot” to revise the texts of the titles that you will sing until April 2016, before leaving: “At a certain age, you have to know when to stop, out of courtesy and politeness.” If you say so, Madam… Yours truly.

1927 Birth. [1945 Discover Saint-Germain-des-Prés. 1948 Beginnings as a singer. 1949 Debut in the cinema. December 18 La Cigale in Paris. December 19 Champs-Elysées Theater. 17 avril 2016 End of tour at the Casino de Paris.

Philippe Brochen


Emmanuel Ruben: “Objects remind us that we are mortal”

Emmanuel Ruben has been taking risks for a long time, dealing with a pen full of grace on seemingly not very romantic subjects: the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the tragedy of migrants or the crossing of Europe by bicycle along the Danube. Geographer as much as writer, defender of the most precarious authors as much as guardian of the memory of Julien Gracq, whose house he runs in Saint-Florent-le-Vieil on the banks of the Loire, he surprises again in this literary return with a real picaresque novel that takes us, via a sword that sprang from childhood, on the battlefields of imaginary but also very real countries, until the Napoleonic wars alongside a narrator who wants to be his double and who, d elsewhere, is called Vidouble. Reading it, we can’t help but think of Berezina by Sylvain Tesson who recounted in his own way the retreat from Russia and also to My steps go elsewhere, by Jean-Luc Coatalem who was following in the footsteps of the traveling writer Victor Segalen. Ruben could be their boisterous and insolent little brother, this Sabre traveler, abundant and full of humor, is the proof.

Sabre is a dense book that retraces many battles with precision, have you been working on it for a long time?

Yes, about fifteen years. I started taking notes in 2005 and the real trigger was a fall from my bike which immobilized me in 2012. Me, when I can’t ride a bike I go crazy. So I preferred to dive back into my notes and continue this novel. This is the first part of what I see as a diptych, a sort of French saga. Sabre is inspired by my paternal ancestors, Protestants from Alsace, Lorraine and Germany. The next novel, which will be called Chandelier, will be inspired by my maternal ancestors, the Jews of Algeria. And he will talk about women while this one mainly puts men on stage.

The saber that Samuel Vidouble, the narrator, saw as a child in his grandparents’ house, and which disappears at the beginning of the novel, did it really exist?

Sabre is first and foremost a novel. I don’t know if there really was a sword in my childhood, I didn’t interview my family, I was too afraid to find out the truth. I have a very strong feeling that I saw it, but I must expect someone to tell me otherwise. By its disappearance, the saber leads to a quest, as in the novels of chivalry where one seeks the Grail and the magic sword, but also as in detective novels where one seeks the murder weapon.

And do the flesh-and-blood characters really exist?

Aunt Esther, Grandfather Auguste and his brothers draw inspiration from many people I have known. I wanted to portray a generation who fought the wars in Indochina and Algeria but who were too young to join the resistance during World War II and too old to take part in May 68. When I was As a child, they told me about the war in very raw, terrible details, I transcribed a lot of these stories in this book, but I never knew the part of the real and the invented in what they told me. For me, that’s not the important thing, because I’m not a historian. I prefer to work on fantasies and the unspoken. The best way to pay homage to these great uncles was to invent myself. What interests me is not the truth but what I am told about a historical event, what people project on it. Besides, I don’t believe in “non-fiction” at all, it doesn’t exist. From the moment we recreate a dialogue we are no longer in non-fiction.

You write “the most terrifying thing about objects is that they betray us and survive us”. What did you mean?

This has bothered me for a long time: we pass on objects that have a longer lifespan than ours. We are used to thinking that they evoke memories. To me, they just remind us that we are mortal.

Where does the King of Lives come from, a beautiful character in your novel who is desperately looking for a kingdom?

In fact, I realized while writing that it was a sort of parody and quirky self-portrait, at the turn of the XVIIIe and XIXe centuries, just as the narrator is a parody double. I could have told the story of a peasant in the 18th centurye century but I would only have had to tell about a life of toil. While by taking a small nobility, I could lend him a number of my own fads: the fact that he wanted to become king of a Baltic archipelago, that he lived abroad part of his life. because he is bored in his native land. Basically, the King of Lives is a redneck. Me too, I grew up in a village in the Dauphiné where I was deeply bored, I felt slack, especially when I found myself at Normale Sup with students who came from intellectual Parisian families and who felt superior. Despite everything, I have remained attached to the province since I live on the banks of the Loire. It’s true that there are times when you have to hang on, when you have to overcome “Cocky days” as Julien Gracq said. But I could not live again in Paris or in the suburbs, unlike my narrator who made the choice, at the end of the book, to return there.

When we read you, we tell ourselves that there is an enormous amount of documentation work …

I haven’t stopped cramming the doc. I need to feed on the real. I can spend entire days pretending I am living in the year I am describing. When you depict an era you have to bring together everything that allows you to understand it as well as possible. But there are also many inventions, starting with the King of Lives and the Taraconta archipelago.

At the end, you write that if a war were to break out, it would be of a new kind, “cybernetic, climatic, bacteriological, unpredictable in its causes, unthinkable in its effects…” Do you think so?

This is what we are starting to experience! With this virus, we have installed an atmosphere of war, of curfew. We are already very confined in our heads, confinement exacerbates things. We risk arriving at a total loss of sensitivity. During confinement, I could no longer listen to radio or television with all these messages hammered on the virus, very distressing. But the anxiety in me is quite beneficial because the best remedy I have found to deal with it is to write over and over again.

Alexandra Schwartzbrod

Emmanuel Ruben Sabre Stock 400 pp., 20,90 € (ebook : 14,99 €).


Algerian war, from one maquis to another

In 1956, in eastern Kabylia, during the Algerian war, young Neïla (Sawsan Abès) fled her village scoured by French soldiers and took refuge with a group of resistance fighters. Taken prisoner by the colonial army during a fight, she was locked in an internment camp where the torture and execution of Algerian women were organized, and shared her cell with a French nurse, Suzanne (Emilie Favre -Bertin), engaged on the side of the FLN. The Maquisarde by Nora Hamdi therefore focuses on the closed doors of their dialogue, the meeting between a very young peasant woman suddenly thrown into war, and a slightly older Frenchwoman, marked by the experience of her engagement, a few years earlier , in resistance against the Nazi occupation and collaboration. It is their alliance, their deep understanding, the time of a few days suspended by an uncertain fate, that interests Nora Hamdi, and she films this situation like a piece of history to be written, sketched against a background of multiple betrayals: that, at the present of the film, of a “free France” once again a republic, quickly left to torture and kill in Algeria, or that, in the future and behind the scenes, of an independent Algeria which will quickly forget the central place of women in the fights of decolonization (like France, according to the character of Suzanne, forgot her after 1945 in those of the Resistance).

The film is above all a call to rethink this interwoven history, and it fictions this call in an agreed upon, telefilmic form – at the same time as its small budget of guerrilla cinema, self-produced, gives it this non-industrial, spontaneous and obstinate aspect, even generous, existing without having been commissioned by any real television channel. the Maquisarde, with regard to the concrete attention that a film pays or not to its characters, floats in a kind of abstraction, of intention, where ideas take precedence over plans, people and things; These ideas remain, the film works before our eyes to form them, to clear a path for them through the violent contradictions of the distinct and common history of two countries, and seems driven by an absolute necessity. If, according to the writer Heiner Müller, “Torture is easier to learn than the description of torture”, the Maquisarde refuses to back down in the face of the difficulty of describing, and tackles it with the means at hand.

Luc Chessel

The Maquisarde of Nora Hamdi with Sawsan Abès, Emilie Favre-Bertin… 1 h 24.


La Birkenstock, hippie “quality” – Culture / Next

Praised, mocked, or brought up to date, shoes are seen as the reflection of an era, communities, and a personality. Between iconic models or in the process of becoming one, Release devotes a weekly column to enthusiasts who tell their stories through their pumps. Today, Karim, 25, a former critic of the German sandal who has become a zealous convert.

Read also The other episodes of the chronicle “In big pumps”

Karim in Birkenstock. Photo DR

This is the story of cheesy but patient sandals. They work you hard, get you stuck in the ropes. The haughty aesthetes, brought to heel, are in a state of genuflection in front of his sole which can be distinguished among a thousand. Their name: Birkenstock. They are often associated with words that end in “ique”. But the problem is that despite its global success, it is still denied the adjective “chic”.

Read alsoThe Birkenstock, a ridiculously comfortable German icon

Karim, 25, a lover of beautiful pieces, was part of the reserve army of skeptics for a long time. At the end of 2019, he set off on a world tour. During a crossing of India, it stops in Goa (southwest coast). Karim participates in a hippie party including a hundred people. Drugs are prohibited there, but the atmosphere (scent of incense, music…) makes the guests go into a trance. At the end of the evening, Karim palms his flip flops, drowned in the 200 shoes piled up at the entrance to the large living room. In his distress, he’s happy to see a gracious hand reaching out to him a couple of Birkenstock Arizona cut-out tongue, sagging sole. Karim instantly goes from a staunch detractor to a zealous convert. «By putting them on, I was transformed. I put aside the stereotype of the German tourist in Birk-socks, shorts, backpack. ” He crosses India, Laos and Thailand with his double strap sandals “at the end of life”. It swallows the kilometers in a comfort hitherto unknown. “No more friction caused by flip-flops. No more back pain. My foot has never been so stable. ” Adept of donation for donation, Karim leaves them to a man in need in Thailand.

From an “ugliness attack” to the object of counter-culture

After this story of the immediate conversion of a globetrotter, it remains to be seen how the orthopedic insole made its hole? Small moonwalk through the centuries. In 1774, Johan Birkenstock founded a family business. It was not until 1896 that Konrad B. developed the first flexible orthopedic insole. A liner with unsightly shapes and an addictive embrace. In the decades that followed, it was labeled “healthy for the feet”. The 1960s marked the golden decade. In Germany first, she becomes the cool baba. 1966: entry into the US market thanks to Margot Fraser. The German entrepreneur exiled in California, prone to regular back pain, is desperate for the pair who would soothe her backbone. Without success. She then began to promote the made in Germany with shoe store managers. The sellers kick in touch by taking out the card “The assault on ugliness”. Reckless, Fraser targets hippie-friendly health food stores as a last resort. Instant transplant. The sandal becomes an object of counter-culture worn by anti-diktats, anti-nuclear, anti-war-in-Vietnam, anti-consumerism, social anti-conformism babas …

Karim knows absolutely nothing about this protest history. Back in Paris after a trip cut short because of the coronavirus, he sees Birkenstock everywhere. The bite of nostalgia is never far away: round the world, Goa, hippie, outstretched hand, walking, comfort … June 2020, France is deconfined, the sun is in the game. The young man wants to renew “The experience of comfort and practicality”. He bought Arizona Birko-Flor Nubuck almost similar to the pair received in Goa. Whoever has created his vintage thrift store does not go out without his clothes matching. And the Birk has managed to make a place for itself in his wardrobe. “I combine them with loose suit pants and a shirt, or with jeans and a little Mexican shirt. Today, they follow me everywhere. ”

Read also La Birkenstock, grolle and roll

HOLLYWOOD, CALIFORNIA - FEBRUARY 24: (L-R) Frances McDormand and Sam Rockwell speak onstage during the 91st Annual Academy Awards at Dolby Theatre on February 24, 2019 in Hollywood, California.   Kevin Winter/Getty Images/AFPAmerican actress Frances McDormand in Arizona at the 91e Oscar ceremony, February 24, 2019. Photo Kevin Winter. AFP

“The Birkenstock is like Jul”

After the wave of hate, sandals have become fashion icons. Precursors, Narciso Rodriguez and Paco Rabanne slip them at the feet of their models in 1997. The decade marks the end of inhibitions. The Birk becomes «bold» (“Daring”): everyone is doing it, Marni, Chanel, Céline (the fashion house puts on its models of sandals filled with mink). Celebrities strut in Birk: Victoria Beckham, Julia Roberts, Leonardo DiCaprio. Since 2015, a pump fan rally has been meeting in Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium) in May. Lately, it is the Valentino fashion house that revisited the two-strap shoe worn by Frances McDormand (photo) in 2019 at the Oscars ceremony. The brand’s three historic models (Arizona, Madrid, Giza) still represent 55% of sales. Around 30 million pairs are sold worldwide per year. To explain this success, Karim to his very personal theory: “Honestly, the Birkenstock is like Jul: slaughtered by critics, but in the end people ended up liking it. Both are top sellers in their respective fields. ” When will the collab?

Balla Fofana


At the Grand-Colombier, the hornets panic in the peloton

At the old “Rendez-vous des gourmets”, near Millau, the hornets spoil everything and annoy everyone. The boss has tried the traps, the blue light that attracts them the better to grill them, the windows closed even in the middle of summer, he still has not succeeded in containing the treacherous attacks, inside and out. On the terrace, people having a drink suddenly remember that Armagnac contains sugar. Upstairs, guests are asked to enter their room with a bomb. Insecticidal gas erodes four months of life expectancy, but it suppresses that of hornets. At the beginning of September, the boss told us: “We must have a nest somewhere. This is how it is this year. Frankly, we don’t understand. ”

Swarm leader filled

In the Tour de France, it’s the same thing. Too hot a winter? Overripe pears that are good to eat on the tree? A reversal of the Earth’s magnetic field? Jumbo-Visma’s hornets, the black and yellow team, go wild. Yoann Offredo, professional runner and consultant for France Télévisions, soberly declares this Sunday: “They piss me off.” Beside him on the set, “the historian on duty” Franck Ferrand seems very shocked by this vocabulary. The chain launches its advertisement in disaster. The presenter takes the floor again by explaining that Egan Bernal is “human”. Because the outgoing winner of the Tour collapses in the fifteenth stage between Lyon (Rhône) and the Grand Colombier (Ain)? The Team Ineos climber is vulgarly left behind in the mountains, 13 kilometers from the finish, and we have to believe that only suffering makes “human”. But let’s give the real information behind this poor performance: it is still a hornet’s stroke. At that moment, there were five of them getting excited in a peloton of twenty terrified runners.

At the finish line, Slovenian Tadej Pogacar (Team UAE-Emirates) sprinted victorious. His compatriot Primoz Roglic (Jumbo-Visma) jealously defends his yellow jersey, a week before the final arrival in Paris, with 40 seconds ahead of the winner of the day. The swarm leader is happy: “You know, I don’t even have to tell my teammates to put on a steamroller beat. They go very fast, it’s in their nature. ” Thomas Voeckler, another former pro, demands live on France 2 that «la science» looks at the case of Wout Van Aert, a teammate of Primoz Roglic. It was this Belgian rider, hastily labeled a “sprinter”, who eliminated Bernal in the mountains. The language of commentators is barely coded. The special year of the Covid will not have changed anything, the Tour returns to its patterns: a team that rolls outrageously, its leader who rolls outrageously, the suspicion of doping that follows. One would forget that it is the history of the whole Tour which is written in a relationship without nuances dominant-dominated: before Jumbo there was Sky, US Postal, Renault, Molteni, the Italian team, and so many than to make Peugeot cycles at the beginning of the XXe century. Each time, the peloton, a fringe of lovers and followers are sorry. As much about this supremacy as the lack of obvious explanation at first glance.

Hidden in the bushes

As if they suspected something, for fear of a dirty spectacle, brutal, degrading for human dignity, the organizers had chased sensitive souls on the course. Entry prohibited for minors. The three passes were closed to spectators, even when the signs announced them open. The prefect of Ain, a department classified as red in the progression of the pandemic, had decreed a “closed door” in the mountains. Better than leaving from Nice. The national police therefore evacuated the camper vans who had settled in up to a week in advance. Zero quidam at the top of the Grand Colombier. A man holds up a sign in the plain: “We were robbed of the finish.”

Read also “The Tour de France makes and breaks careers, and even men”

Ascent of the Selle de Fromentel and the Col de la Biche: naughty cyclophiles are hiding in the forest. A gendarme passes by on a motorcycle? They enter a bush. The caravan arrives with a cart in the shape of a giant melon? Hands protrude from the thickets to receive gifts. A clandestine remarks: “It’s silly to keep us from going up and piling up with thousands of people down there.” After the film on the nudist hunt in Saint-Tropez, the constabulary is really chasing the spectators of the Tour de France. Kilometer 146, in the village of Mieugy, two gendarmes want to intercept a man who is training by bike two hours before the runners pass. This is David Brailsford, the manager of Team Ineos. “Sorry, sir, you have to stop.” The bikers end up letting it circulate. Brailsford bredouille, in French: “I’ve never seen that.”

Pierre Carrey special envoy on the Tour route


Yogis, yoga, a 1930s hit

Each week with Rétrosports, the BNF press site, we take a look at a sports history as told by the press of the time. This Saturday: yoga in France from esotericism to the phenomenon of society.

“Yoga, by adapting and responding to the normative injunctions of our time, sees its practice mainly focused around physical exercises, where the idea of ​​the conservation of the body and the quest for eternal youth have definitely replaced the original posture of renouncing the world ”, poses the sociologist Seghir Lazri in a sociosports chronicle of Release. “It’s a book about yoga and depression […], things that don’t seem to go together. In reality, if: they go together ”, assures Emmanuel Carrère on the back cover of his latest novel, quite simply baptized Yoga. Far from the performative experiences of one or the neurasthenic of the other, the French press of a hundred and twenty years ago rather saw in this practice an exotic folklore by which the Brahmans would engage in levitation exercises.

“Another practice followed by ascetics in India is Kumba-yoga which consists of closing the nose and the mouth to hold the breath, expose the sling of May 10, 1899. The phenomenon of levitation also accompanies this exercise: “About thirty years ago, says a native, when I was a little boy of 10 years old, in Benares. [en Inde], I saw a relative of mine who was known in the city for practicing yoga-dharma (law of union in God). This venerable old man could raise his body in the air a foot and a half above the ground and thus remain suspended for more than a quarter of an hour. […] We asked him with childish curiosity, the secret of this phenomenon, and I remember very well that he told us that, through Kumba-yoga, the human body becomes lighter than the air which surrounds it and can thus float above the ground. “”

The term yoga appears for the first time in the French press on February 11, 1809. The National Gazette publishes the Journey to the East Indies of the missionary Paulin de Saint-Barthélémy. He describes yoga as a tribunal of Brahmans whose decisions are infallible and who “Decides on matters of engagement, marriages, dowries and tribal crimes”.

Almost a century later, Lantern of April 7, 1903, enlightens that of his readers by describing a sectarian and fanatic practice with rites as esoteric as they are ridiculous for a Frenchman of the early century in an article called: “Fanaticism, the monks of India.” “The Yoga religion, a sect of Brahmanism, seeks the Union (yoga means union) of human individuality with the universal Soul, that is to say God. […] The aspiring yogui must live alone. Once installed in his hermitage, he begins Hatha-yoga training. This training includes four courses of indefinite duration, as detailed in the newspaper. 1- Practice of Asanas (various postures). 2- Pranayama exercises (concerning breathing). 3- Practice of Mudras (practices and operations relating to various parts of the body). 4- Practice intended to directly provoke Samadhi (complete ecstasy). […] By this little program, we can judge the degree of fanaticism to which these unfortunate people have reached ”, complains the newspaper.

That same year, on June 5, an ad insert in the uncompromising testifies to the image of yoga in France: a circus act. Conjuring that would pretend to believe that the “fakirs” who practice it are nothing less than immortal.

Read also All articles in the Retrosports section

After skepticism and irony, fascination and proselytizing converts. In the 1930s, the French press saw in the practice of yoga the assurance of a long and happy life without the worries of the body and the torments of the soul. So we read in the day of August 7, 1936 “Stay young, live old. You will be interested in reading a recently published book named Hatha Yoga, or the art of living according to mysterious India. You will find many hygiene systems there, exercises that are beneficial for beauty and longevity.»

Also read in Retrosports while the US Open is being played and while waiting for Roland-Garros 1930s: Simonne Mathieu, from sports resilience to active resistance

Constant Kerneïz, author of Hatha Yoga cited above is the main yoga missionary in France. Astrologer, professor of philosophy, journalist, he was initiated by meeting an Indian master in London and drinking in reference books. He transmits by becoming the first yoga teacher in France and by writing classics himself. There is an ad for his work Hatha Yoga in the review spirits from 1is January 1936.

Despite Constant Kerneïz’s popularization efforts, the discipline remains close to spiritualism for initiates, as written Paris-Evening of April 7, 1938 in an article devoted to a new book by the latter, Western Yoga : “This time we get acquainted with the exercises which facilitate the purification of the mind and bring it to the knowledge of certain supernormal phenomena. […] This book, which is beyond the understanding of many readers, will be of interest to all those curious about occultism and mysticism. “

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Description of exercises in support, review Midinette of April 22, 1938, invites its readers to practice yoga. “Daily work prevents most people from doing a lot of physical culture, which is however necessary for the maintenance of good health. […]. This is why everyone must do their utmost to restore the calm necessary for the good balance of body and mind at home. Here is a little known: yoga, invented by Hindu Brahmans called yoghis, which gives amazing results according to Europeans who have practiced it. Very complete, it is both fun and relaxing. ” After a quarter of an hour of exercise, “We can imagine something beautiful: it can be a rose, a face, a statue, a flower”. The newspaper collected the testimony of a “Yoga enthusiast”: “When I inhale the scent of my imaginary roses, everything seems better to me. And when obstacles irritate me, I know that I am the author of my own troubles because I forget to follow the melody of life. ”

In these 1930s, despite its popularization, yoga remained for a certain press a practice for initiates that mocked for example, with biting irony, the Journal in August 1939: “These subjects are ascetics who engage in a workout known as yoga. This word means union, the goal of yogis being to achieve the union of their soul with that of Brahm, the supreme god, of which Brahma is only the hypostasis. It is enough to say that the feeling which dominates them is, under the mask of humility, an unlimited pride. “

No mockery or exoticism in Comœdia of December 4, 1943. The article attempts to restore the essence of yoga. “Interior purification, extinction of desires (let us add: disappearance of the personality, which marks the great cut, with the holiness of Western religions which on the contrary exalt the personality in man and in God). These are the supreme goals. It is therefore neither a philosophy strictly speaking nor a revealed religion, rather is it not an exercise of the whole being to reach beyond all form and all change an absolute, which for us has, at first glance, the aspect of nothingness. But how do you get there? How can we suppress the consciousness that we have of ourselves, the consciousness that we have of the world through us? The discipline called Yoga teaches us that. ”

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Continuation of the story. In the 70s, a time favorable to the flowering of more or less artificial paradises, we rediscovered yoga. Always adorned with almost magical virtues as written, Science and Life from 1is September 1972. “Stay young, stay flexible. Discover true relaxation and self-control by doing yoga at home ”, headlines the newspaper which describes “A new method designed for Europeans and which gives surprising results.” The magazine is amazed at the extraordinary benefits that practitioners derive from it: “It is curious to note that this method, discovered 2000 years ago by the philosophers of India, seems to have been conceived for the man of the XXe century. Anxiety, depression, physical or mental nervous tension, the pump stroke, all these problems that threaten us are solved by yoga. It’s a real well-being cure. ”

Vinyasa, bikram, aerial and even sports (with competitions), yoga is available today in France in many forms. 2.6 million people practice it, 79% of whom are women. Its followers are of all ages but 25-34 year olds (26% of practitioners) and 45-54 year olds (24%) are particularly attracted, according to the first Yoga Barometer (March 2019). The first three reasons given for the practice are, in order: “Relieve my stress, relax” (for 83% of respondents), “Maintain my body” (65%) and “to stay healthy” (37%). People who practice yoga spend an average of 522 euros per year on its practice, including 468 for classes, the rest being absorbed by clothing and accessories. But these are trivial questions of money. Which does not count with regard to the promise of a lifetime “happy and calm ” as wrote Midinette, the certainty of a “Existence which will have for us only rays of gold”.

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Gilles Dhers


Tour de France: Christian Estrosi and Prince Albert, emperors on the balcony

“Your Highness, you can shoot!” And his Highness fired. Prince Albert of Monaco came to play pétanque on the Tour de France cycling race this Saturday noon in Nice. Fortunately, the VIP village of the event, set up every day at the start for the enjoyment of partners, elected officials, organizers and journalists – everyone except the spectators and runners – has a mini-boules pitch this year. The projectiles are plastic rather than chrome, an accident being so quick to happen, and you must not point too far, otherwise you will bombard the coffee fountains. Albert II disinfected his hands with gel then he fired. Once. Twice. He looked happy and it was happy to see, the start of this Tour is so long and sad.

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His Serene Highness also climbed on the rooftop terrace reserved for very high personalities and he tore off his mask, which is nevertheless compulsory in all the streets of the city between 8 a.m. and midnight – the municipal police force themselves to distribute a hundred of fines per day. Albert looked happier and happier. To his right, the mayor Christian Estrosi had decided to take off his mask too, the operative blue textile hanging from his ear. At their side, other VIPs unmasked, the respective wives and the champion of mixed martial arts, the Irishman Conor McGregor, who is more relaxed on the Côte d’Azur than in his country, since the justice is investigating two cases of sexual assault on him.

The people and the gladiators

The Areopagus stood on the balcony and greeted the crowd like a Roman Emperor. Finally, the crowd … Dozens, barely hundreds of people, still pushed back behind opaque barriers two meters high, which we learn have a technical name, “blackout panels”. Ridiculous decibel applause accompanied the procession of runners. When the announcer called out the names of Thibaut Pinot or Julian Alaphilippe, the clusters of women and men who had managed to cluster together hardly answered. Only the Prince of Monaco exploded when Peter Sagan was announced. V-shaped arms to cheer on the Slovak runner who lives on the Rock.

Albert of Monaco, Saturday in Nice. Photo Laurent Carré

So started the Tour de France 2020 which for the moment is running empty. As at the presentation of the teams Thursday evening, the people kept at bay. Albert II and Christian Iis people in gowns on the platform. The two watched the procession of gladiators pass at their feet. Two low-angle photographers heated the lens. The two masters of the Riviera savored it. They were trying to create an image. But which ? The people below saw something else. The inter-self. Without mask. Far from all. Away from it all.

Pierre Carrey sent to Nice, photos Laurent Carré


Are there bedbugs at the UGC des Halles cinema in Paris?

Question asked by JL on 08/25/2020


You ask us about this message, posted on August 24, alerting to the presence of bedbugs at the UGC cinema at Les Halles, in Paris. “I have just been confirmed that there are bedbugs at UGC les Halles, be very careful and avoid this cinema as much as possible», Writes a certain Nina, who did not respond to requests from CheckNews. Still on Twitter, she has since posted another message, claiming to have had the director of the cinema on the phone. “They’re processing everything if you ever want updates.»

Contacted by CheckNews, Patrice Le Marchand, director of the cinema (the most frequented in Europe) assures us that this message has had a real impact. “Many people came to ask us if it was true», He says. Does he confirm the presence of bedbugs in his establishment? “I don’t think she got stung in the movies. But afterwards, even if she was bitten elsewhere, she was able to drop some in the cinemaHe replies, assuring that no other customer had complained. And that the room in question had since been treated.

Six dogs

«Every two months, we treat the entire cinema, the armchairs, the carpet. This is the shortest frequency offered on this kind of maintenance contract, we cannot do more», Explains Patrice Le Marchand. In addition to the disinfection, which is carried out at night and lasts for a week, six dogs then go through all the rooms, looking for possible bed bugs. “They are dogs trained for that. They pass through the middle of all the rows. When they feel something they stop and lift their heads, details the director of the cinema. The last time we had full certification of the entire site, it was for the reopening of theaters on June 22.»

At the time of posting the message on Twitter, the cinema – disinfected every two months – was therefore being processed again. “I requested that the mentioned area [sur Twitter] be treated as a priority. If this message had been posted two weeks before, and I had received other complaints, I would have neutralized the time zone to find a technician», Develops Le Marchand. Which ensures that the concerns of spectators are for the moment more focused on the Covid, or the wearing of the mask in the rooms, than on bedbugs.


In November 2019, another Parisian cinema, the MK2 located quai de Loire in the XIXe arrondissement of Paris, had to close one of its rooms to treat it, following several messages on social networks denouncing the presence of bedbugs.

As CheckNews It had already been explained, it would seem – even if the phenomenon is not easy to quantify – that there has been an upsurge in bedbugs in France in recent years. Thus, at the end of 2019, pest control professionals reported receiving four calls per day, compared to one per week five years earlier. By counting their interventions, the Chambre Syndicale Disinfection, Disinsection et Deratisation (CS3D) estimates that between 2014 and 2016, they increased by 165%, with 180,000 sites treated in 2016. And note a 45% increase in interventions between l summer 2016 and summer 2017.

«If the extent of the phenomenon is still difficult to establish, the upsurge of these insects in different parts of the national territory is a reality.“, Also noted the deputy of Bouches-du-Rhône Jean-Marc Zulesi, during a written question to the National Assembly, January 23, 2018.

Questioned on the subject, the Ministry of Health then replied: “In recent years, home and hotel infestations have increased.The ministry cites the same probable causes as CS3D: “International travel and the emergence of insecticide resistance.” And “The skin manifestations linked to bites can be a real discomfort for those affected, noted the ministry, it appears, in the state of current knowledge, that bedbug bites do not present a risk of vector transmission of infectious agents.»


Robin andraca


The performing arts breathe – Culture / Next

Today, the Prime Minister went to the Ministry of Culture to meet representatives of the performing arts. It was a first. The gesture, symbolic, is up to the challenge: to save the industry, by specifying the large masses of the aid of 2 billion euros to Culture announced the day before. On the other side of the government table, the protagonists of the various sectors (current music, classical music, theater, dance and puppetry) went there confident but wary.

Last week, at the same ministry, meetings were also held between Roselyne Bachelot and these same representatives. The minister came out strong with one conviction: to deconfin the rooms. What she only got halfway during the last Defense Council. Yes, in the departments which are not in the red zone, the distance (and therefore the vacant seat between spectators or groups of spectators) disappears, which allows the venues to have a surplus of ticketing by presenting shows without any other restriction on the gauge than the general limit to 5,000 people. But the list of departments in the red zone is only growing – Île de France, just like Lyon, Marseille, Bordeaux or Toulouse are part of it – and the progress hailed by professionals is ultimately almost of the status quo as as the epidemic gains ground.

“Primacy of the State”

The sector’s last hope therefore lies in this envelope. How will the live show be served? Rather well in reality. The result “Is positive. There is a strong commitment. And that is new, smiles Nicolas Dubourg, president of the Union of artistic and cultural enterprises (Syndéac), reached by phone when leaving the ministry. The Prime Minister insisted on reaffirming the primacy of the State in matters of cultural policy. And, beyond the amounts, insisted on the question of how: no question of putting gas plants back in place, but on the contrary of finding solutions so that the money is spent quickly, until 2022, and according to the needs.” Adding that, otherwise, it would be “Redeployed”.

Aurélie Hannedouche, general delegate of the Syndicat des musiques nouvelles (SMA), and representative of a sector at a complete standstill (standing concerts) also salutes the determination of the executive: “With the Minister, he listened to more than twenty organizations, gave a very mobilized, very concerned speech, saying in substance: culture is France, but it is also an economic sector. We will help you to continue to face up to it, help companies to resume their activity and not serve as a crutch for inactivity. ” Even if, moreover, a budget will compensate, via a mechanism to be put in place, the losses suffered during confinement.

Three main sectors

Aid for live shows announced yesterday would represent some 432 million euros in this envelope of 2 billion. And are directed to two major sectors: 220 million for private shows, including music (1), and 200 million for subsidized shows. “All this excluding the white year for intermittent workers and the financing of partial unemployment type activities. We are really on the recovery ”, adds Hannedouche.

In the share allocated to public theater, 100 million euros should be devoted to national operators (Paris Opera and the five national theaters), 30 to regional institutions (CDN), 30 to orchestras, ensembles and festivals, 20 for the ecological transition, 12 to finance artistic creation and employment (companies) … “It is now up to the unions to ensure that the recovery concerns artists, permanent staff and serves to defend employment”, adds Nicolas Dubourg.

“Very good announcements”

Aid for music will be entrusted to the recent National Music Center (CNM), to relieve the entire industry, record and live, producers, authors and broadcasters. “There is a real effort on the music, continues Aurélie Hannedouche. In addition, we have had confirmation of a strengthening and extension of tax credits until 2024 ”, instead of 2022. The Board of Directors of the CNM, of which she is a member, “Should meet in October to decide on the breakdown of this aid”.

The question of distance in theaters in the red zone was also raised. The unions believe that maintaining limited gauges while relaunching the live performance would prove unproductive while giving a bad image of the sector. “The fact that I did not manage to write down the answer to this question from the Prime Minister shows that there was a vagueness”, smiles a protagonist. Nicolas Dubourg notes: “We are happy with the reaffirmation of the role of the state. The ball is now rue de Valois as to the device. “ Joined by Aurélie Hannedouche, who concludes: “The announcements are very good. We will see if the production meets our expectations. “

(1) And not outside the musical sector which would collect an additional 200 million, as we had written yesterday by mistake according to the figures given by the participants.

Guillaume Tion