Planned clearing of the Dannenröder forest: green ordeal

DA hammer penetrates the trees, and two people fasten corrugated iron to the roof of a tree house. Around 200 people now live in the Dannenröder Forest. Some of them have built huge tree houses and piled tree trunks on the forest paths. Wire ropes are repeatedly stretched across the paths that lead far into the forest and high into the treetops, where a platform then hangs. Below is a sign: “If you cut this, a person will fall down.”

Julian Staib

Political correspondent for Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland, based in Wiesbaden.

With such radical measures, forest occupiers want to prevent the clearing for the expansion of Autobahn 49 in Hesse. The project has been planned for more than forty years. Construction is now to begin. The expansion extends the already existing part of the A49 from Kassel towards Gießen. So far, the motorway ends in between – and the traffic continues to torment itself on federal highways. In 2016 the Bundestag decided to build it. The state government is carrying out the project, the district parliaments are in favor, and the courts have dismissed all claims, most recently the Federal Administrative Court in July. Nevertheless, the resistance on site is immense. The project is an acid test for the Hessian Greens.

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For the 75th birthday of cellist and revolutionary Frank Wolff

“You have to play like a Russian wolf,” advised the professor to the 18-year-old student of the cello master class at the Freiburg University of Music. That was 1963. And Frank Wolff must have been so impressed by this puzzling piece of advice that he still quotes it today, a whole musician’s life later.

On August 28, on Goethe’s birthday, Wolff, the bearer of the Goethe plaque, will be 75 years old. That is actually hard to believe, because when talking in the “Mainhattan” bistro of the Hessian state representation in Berlin he still has that boyish, mischievous, friendly smile that set him apart from the humorless doggedness of some comrades over fifty years ago.

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Alte Oper Frankfurt, Mozart Hall, sometime in the late 1980s. On the stage, a still young man is playing his cello – no, he rather dances with him, strokes, yes flaps the pages like mad until the first horsehair comes out of the bow.

Classically Bach and Schubert, then all of a sudden Janis Joplin and Jimi Hendrix, in between fragments from Heinrich Heine’s “Winterreise” along with onomatopoeic word noises by Ernst Jandl, two-line texts by Robert Gernhardt and FW Bernstein, the representatives of the “New Frankfurt School” – musical and intellectual acuity, Sarcasm, irony and deeper meaning, with a pinch of slapstick and a lot of curiosity.

+++ subject to a fee +++ picture number: 52816630 Date: December 16, 2008 Copyright: imago / Hoffmann Cellist Frank Wolff (Pit Knorr and the Three Kings in Eil) during a concert in Mainz, people, optimistic;  2008, Mainz, music;  , quer, Kbdig, Portr? t, People, o0 Aktion Bildnummer 52816630 Date 16 12 2008 Copyright Imago Hoffmann Cellist Frank Wolff Pit Knorr and the urgent Three Kings during a Concerts in Mainz People optimistic 2008 Mainz Music horizontal Kbdig Portrait Celebrities o0 Action shot

The real revolution takes place on the cello: Frank Wolff with his instrument

Quelle: imago stock&people

This mixture was formative. The cello became part of a total work of art consisting of crossover collages with flute, drums and vocals, a travesty of Georg Kreisler and AC / DC, Schubert and Tom Waits, Billie Holiday and Erik Satie.

Irritatingly beautiful and surprisingly successful. The “Frankfurter Kurorchester”, founded in 1981 with Carl Hegemann and renamed the “Neues Frankfurter Schulorchester” many years later with a different line-up, has toured worldwide to China and Argentina, to Siberia, Paraguay and Chile, France, Poland and the Netherlands.

Heidegger aroused interest in philosophy

At that time in Freiburg he lived diagonally across from the house in which the famous philosopher Martin Heidegger lived, when he was not brooding over the relationship between people and being in his famous thinker’s hut on Todtnauberg. Occasionally he watched the professor emeritus, who had served Hitler’s National Socialists between 1933 and 1945, digging up the garden. After all, the interest in philosophy was awakened, as it were vis-à-vis.

Three years later, Frank Wolff met Heidegger’s bitter antipode at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main: Theodor W. Adorno. After giving a lecture on Karl Marx’s class theory in front of 600 students in the proseminar of the second semester in the famous lecture hall VI, Adorno approached him and spontaneously offered to supervise his doctoral thesis.

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After that, Wolff felt a strong urge to get drunk. “That really blew me away,” he recalls.

Adorno was the guiding star of critical theory and that “Frankfurt School” which, above all Max Horkheimer, Herbert Marcuse and Jürgen Habermas, ammunitioned the emerging student movement with the weapons of radical social criticism. But the notorious drama took place immediately: the rebellious sons and daughters emancipated themselves from their teachers and turned against them.

The student leader and ideologist of the Socialist German Student Union (SDS), Rudi Dutschke (2nd from left), on January 5th, 1968 in Baden Baden.  Left: Andreas Wiegand, chairman of the Humanist Union Baden Baden, with microphone Frank Wolff, the deputy SDS chairman.  On April 11, 1968, Dutschke was gunned down in front of the SDS office on Kurfürstendamm in Berlin on the open street by the 23-year-old worker Josef Erwin Bachmann and seriously injured.  He survived the assassination attempt but died on December 24, 1979 in Aarhus / Denmark, presumably from the long-term consequences.  +++ (c) dpa - report +++ +++ (c) dpa - report +++ [ Rechtehinweis: (c) dpa - Repor

Frank Wolff (mit Megaphon) im Januar 1968 bei einer SDS-Veranstaltung in Baden-Baden. Rudi Dutschke steht links neben ihm

Quelle: picture-alliance/ dpa

Symbolischer Höhepunkt war das „Busenattentat“ vom 22. April 1969. Während der Vorlesung „Einführung in dialektisches Denken“ wurde Adorno zur „Selbstkritik“ aufgefordert. Ein Student hatte an die Tafel gekritzelt: „Wer nur den lieben Adorno lässt walten, der wird den Kapitalismus ein Leben lang behalten.“

Kurz darauf umringten mehrere barbusige Studentinnen den 65-jährigen jüdischen Emigranten aus Nazi-Deutschland und versuchten, ihn zu küssen. Der schützte sich mit hocherhobener Aktentasche, griff Hut und Mantel und verließ fluchtartig den Hörsaal.

Am Boden verstreut lagen Flugblätter: „Adorno als Institution ist tot.“ Zehn Wochen später war er wirklich tot. In den Schweizer Bergen erlitt er einen Herzinfarkt. Nicht nur Günter Grass war überzeugt: „Die haben ihn umgebracht!“

Adorno hatte Angst vor den Beatles

Frank Wolff, der die „gewiss schockierende“ Aktion miterlebt hat, glaubt das nicht. Es waren wohl zwei Welten, die da aufeinanderprallten. Das galt auch für die Musik dieser Zeit. Adorno habe geradezu Angst vor den Beatles gehabt, vor Jazz und Rock ’n’ Roll überhaupt. Vor allem das Fan-Gekreische sei ihm „nicht geheuer“ gewesen. Das Phänomen enthemmter Massen habe ihn an frühere, dunkle Zeiten erinnert.

So wurde nichts aus der Doktorarbeit. Doch Zeit dafür wäre sowieso kaum gewesen. 1967/1968 war Frank Wolff zusammen mit seinem Bruder Karl Dietrich („KD“) Vorsitzender des „Sozialistischen Deutschen Studentenbundes“(SDS), der treibenden Kraft der Revolte.

Doch selbst, als die Studentenbewegung abflaute, ging der „Revolutionäre Kampf“ weiter. Die namensgleiche Sponti-Gruppe um Joschka Fischer und Dany Cohn-Bendit nahm die „Betriebsarbeit“ bei Opel Rüsselsheim auf, agitierte das Proletariat, übte sich im Straßenkampf und plante Hausbesetzungen.

Frank Wolff spricht als SDS-Vorsitzender bei einem “Teach in” vor 500 Studenten in Esslingen

Quelle: picture-alliance/ dpa

Inmitten der hektischen Aktivitäten zum Zwecke des gesellschaftlichen Umsturzes spielte Frank Wolff dennoch hier und da Cello – mal fast heimlich, ganz alleine im berühmten „Kolbkeller“ des Evangelischen Studentenwohnheims, wo neben rauschenden Partys viele „RK“-Plena stattfanden, mal bei kleinen Auftritten, etwa bei der Biennale in Venedig.

Die Genossen fanden dieses abweichlerische Verhalten bald heraus, das sie als bösen Rückfall in reaktionäre bürgerliche Vorzeiten, als konterrevolutionären Verrat empfanden. Viele, auch Spitzenkräfte der Sponti-Szene, grüßten den linksradikalen Cellisten plötzlich nicht mehr.

Bach und Schubert hatten es schwer, obwohl Wolff seinem künstlerischen Tun das zeitgemäße Motto „Music before Revolution“ verliehen hatte und von John Cage schwärmte. Schließlich war es ausgerechnet Jimi Hendrix, der ihn dazu veranlasste, sich wieder voll der Musik zu widmen.

Das Konkrete in sich wiederfinden

„Sein legendärer Auftritt in Woodstock hat mich tief beeindruckt.“ Er nahm Privatunterricht und spielte, paradoxe Reaktion, zunächst in einem klassischen Streichquartett, die Inkarnation jener Buddenbrookschen Großbürgerlichkeit, die die Avantgarde der Arbeiterklasse ja gerade ein für alle Mal überwinden wollte.

Für Frank Wolff war die Musik auch ein Medium der Selbstveränderung in den Post-68er-Zeiten: „Ich habe das Konkrete in mir wiedergefunden nach all den Abstraktionen“, sagt er.

Frank Wolff, der sich in gewisser Weise als personifizierte Synthese von alter und neuer Frankfurter Schule betrachtet, wirkt zufrieden, ja glücklich, trotz aller Brüche, die keinem Menschen erspart bleiben – für ihn vor allem der frühe Tod seiner langjährigen künstlerischen Partnerin und Lebensgefährtin Anne Bärenz im August 2005.

Sein Zauberwort heißt „spielen“, so wie Friedrich Schiller es verstand: „Der Mensch spielt nur, wo er in voller Bedeutung des Worts Mensch ist, und er ist nur da ganz Mensch, wo er spielt.“

„Ich bin mit mir im Reinen und spiele nur noch, wenn ich dazu Lust habe“, sagt Wolff, der jetzt mit der „irrsinnig begabten“ Ingrid El Sigai und dem Allround-Musiker Markus Neumeyer auftritt. Seine musikalische Neugier ist unerschöpflich. Überall findet er, hört er Neues.

Jetzt spielt er mit Sting

Und er trifft immer wieder alte Bekannte. Otto Waalkes, der ihn bei der Geburtstagsfeier von Pit Knorr, einem seiner Drehbuchautoren aus alten Otto-Film-Zeiten, spielen sah, lud ihn spontan zur Aufzeichnung einer großen TV-Show ein. Sie muss nun corona-bedingt verschoben werden.

So hat er noch ein wenig Zeit, sich darauf vorzubereiten, mit Sting zu spielen. Noch eine Premiere für den Wolff, der mit dem Cello tanzt.

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Joschka Fischer on the corona crisis: the great transformation

Will there be a second or even more waves? This fearful question concerns billions of people, their states and their leaders. You just don’t know. A microscopic, very contagious virus is bringing the high-tech, globalized world economy and all of its international supply chains to their knees.

It would be a mistake to analyze the consequences of this sudden slowdown in the global economy only from a short-term pragmatic perspective, however important this short-term perspective may be and will be in the near future: combating the pandemic, the economic and social consequences for billions of People and also the shifts in power associated with the pandemic in the global political and economic system.

But the Covid 19 crisis goes far beyond that and has a much more fundamental dimension. In retrospect, this crisis in 2020 will perhaps be described as the beginning of the “great transformation” of global industrial society towards a society of sustainability and taking responsibility for what they do, insofar as they are organized in industrial societies.

The end of the all too naive idea of ​​progress

If it goes well, the virus turns out to be a wake-up call at the right time, if not, it will mark the beginning of an unprecedented catastrophe for mankind.

In any case, the corona crisis sets an end point for a time of a naive idea of ​​human progress, which believed that it could further suppress the unintended consequences of the growth of humanity and its industrial societies against all scientific facts and warnings.

We only control nature up to a certain point, defined by short-term human interests. Not more. All migration fantasies into space do not help.

Objectively, however – this is the lesson of the Covid 19 crisis – human civilization is required to have a much broader horizon of responsibility, which humanity subjectively recognizes, but from which to draw the responsible consequences and not to initiate the great transformation ( not yet?) is ready.

Humanity has entered a new era: the “Anthropocene”

Humanity today has more than seven billion individuals, and this goes hand in hand with the increasing satisfaction of fundamentally increasing human needs, which are increasing in number, based on the progress of science and the depletion of nature, which is our bad luck to theirs Relaxation follows completely different periods than we humans.

Humanity has entered a new age that already has a name: the “Anthropocene”. That is, the power of human industrial civilization around the globe is so powerful that its intended and unintended consequences will determine the progress of Earth’s history.

With this power of human civilization, humanity has an enormous responsibility for the future of our earth. Even more, in the past, especially until the beginning of the industrial revolution around 1800, the course of the earth’s history was beyond human influence. This time is over and this is a huge cut!

The dramatically growing number of people since about 1950 and the technical leaps in innovation in connection with the increasing mass consumption have melted the seemingly inexhaustible natural resources and heated the global atmosphere at breathtaking speed.

The Covid 19 virus as an “apocalyptic rider”

The alternative that opens up to humanity at the beginning of the 21st century is therefore to take responsibility, that is to say, out of simple self-preservation interests, to have the courage and foresight to make great transformations, or to see the return of the apocalyptic riders, that was believed to be overcome forever with the industrial-scientific modernity, to wait. With Covid-19, the first of them has already reappeared.

What will artificial intelligence and quantum computers actually need? For improved weapon technology? For even more refined consumer platforms? Or for an improved system analysis of the state of our global environment and the global climate?

We have learned to listen to scientific advice

The world food of the future will not work without crop protection. But will we continue to have the illusion of stopping scientific crop protection where it should actually start in the face of unprecedented species extinction, namely to prevent precisely this?

At Covid-19 we learned to listen to scientific advice. Why don’t we do this even with the much more dangerous developments that already determine our reality today, such as global warming and the climate crisis?
The most developed of the industrial societies will be in the first place in the transformation to a responsible society; because they have the know-how and the necessary capital, they set the development trends for the future.
And among these, Western societies are particularly in demand that are serious about freedom. Freedom and responsibility are terms that are closely intertwined. So if you want freedom, you mustn’t shirk responsibility. Given the experience with Covid-19, this will apply more than ever.

The geopolitical consequences are of great reach

And there is another lesson to consider: The United States and China are currently moving towards a sharp confrontation over the leadership role in tomorrow’s world. But what will this world look like? And will power continue to be defined above all by military superiority? Will it be what keeps the world together? Or will power in the 21st century be redefined and fundamentally different?

For old Europe there is an unexpected chance if it does not rely on the competition from the superpowers, but has the courage to strive for a leadership role in this great transformation.

More: Against US dominance: Federal government is pushing ahead with building a European cloud.

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Yugoslavia War: The Great Disaster of the 21st Century

Dhe Yugoslav wars of the 1990s are the primary catastrophe of the 21st century. They mark Europe’s last identity crisis before it entered the social media age. They have accelerated the emergence of new cultural contrasts and weakened the binding power of political parties to such an extent that unbounded and politically unrepresented milieus have emerged, the only common denominator of which is that they want to be mobilized continuously.

Today, we erroneously attribute the emergence of these milieus to large parts of the speed of the Internet and especially social media. But in reality, intellectual development was complete before social media was even invented, and that has a lot, if not a lot, to do with the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s:

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Joschka Fischer on the corona crisis: consequences will be irreversible


Former Hessian environment minister Joschka Fischer talks about the compatibility of sustainability and ecology.
Image: Reuters

There is only one green way out of the crisis, the former Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer said in an interview. Christian Staub from the wealth manager Fidelity warns against taking drastic measures.

Whe economy comes out of the current recession? If the former foreign minister and Greens politician Joschka Fischer is concerned, the answer is clear: there is only one green way out. “We thought we had the world under scientific and economic control. That was a mistake for which we are now paying a high price, ”Fischer said in an interview with the F.A.Z.

Antonia Mannweiler

One should never succumb to the hubris of hiding nature. At this point it was a step forward, and also a European pioneering role was economically reasonable; because this would create the markets of tomorrow, Fischer continues. The financial industry has already started to steer its investments in the right, i.e. sustainable, direction, the former Greens politician continued.

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