The worsening of the pandemic forces the United Kingdom and Italy to impose more restrictions

Johnson closes bars, gyms and casinos in Liverpool as Conte sets out to ban parties and amateur sport

Expectation. Customers of a bar follow Johnson’s intervention. / afp

The second wave of the coronavirus continues to show its worst face in Europe. The worsening situation in the United Kingdom yesterday led Boris Johnson to announce tough restrictions on Liverpool, the new British ‘ground zero’, on a day in which France, with almost 100 deaths, doubled its death toll in 24 hours. The rebound is also

logo-mail-on2.svg

This content is exclusive for subscribers

Subscribe now for € 69.95 all year long and get an iPhone 11 just this month

.

Michal Kwiatkowski wins in the 18th stage

The Ineos Grenadiers team saved the honor in the Tour de France 2020: the Polish Michal Kwiatkowski won the 18th stage, the last in the Alps, this Thursday, September 17 in La Roche-sur-Foron (Haute-Savoie), the day after the retirement of the outgoing winner, the Colombian Egan Bernal. Michal Kwiatkowski arrived arm in arm with another British rider, the Ecuadorian Richard Carapaz, winner of the last Giro.

→ DOSSIER. Tour de France 2020: all the information to follow this 107e editing

The latter, at the forefront in the three Alpine stages, consoles himself by seizing the polka dot jersey. The wearer of the yellow jersey, the Slovenian Primoz Roglic (Jumbo), kept intact his advantage of 57 seconds over his runner-up and compatriot Tadej Pogacar, three days before the finish in Paris.

In this 175-kilometer stage, Ineos obtained his first success since the start, his first also in a stage of the Tour since the victory of the Briton Geraint Thomas at L’Alpe d’Huez on July 19, 2018. World champion in 2014, Michal Kwiatkowski, 30, captured his first stage success in the Tour he is contesting for the 7e time. But the Pole, one of the great runners of the peloton, has played a major role in the last three successes (Froome, then Thomas, Bernal finally) of the British formation, formerly Sky.

Van Aert transformed into a climber

Two races took place remotely during this last alpine day, one to win the stage, the other for the general classification. At the front, a quartet ended up emerging after the first pass (Cormet de Roselend). The fall of the Swiss Marc Hirschi in the descent of the Col des Saisies then left the Spaniard Pello Bilbao caught between Richard Carapaz and Michal Kwiatkowski.

On the very steep slopes of the climb to the Glières plateau, 6 kilometers at an average of 11.2%, Pello Bilbao let go some 37 kilometers from the finish. His two companions then widened the gap to reach the finish together, with 1.51 minutes ahead of the Belgian Wout Van Aert, the fastest of the pursuers.

In the group of podium candidates, the Spaniard Mikel Landa took the lead. The pace dictated by Van Aert, transformed into a climber, pushed several top 10 riders (A. Yates, Uran, Valverde) to a break and caused Landa’s attempt to fail. Roglic, titillated by Pogacar, wanted to get out of the stony sector following the climb, in which Richie Porte was delayed due to a puncture. The Australian, 4e of the standings, managed to get into the final.

→ ROUTE. Tour de France 2020: the map of stages

Friday, the 19e stage is aimed at sprinters and backpackers, concluding the 166.5 kilometers leading from Bourg-en-Bresse to Champagnole. On the eve of the only time trial of the event.

————

Rankings:

→ The results of the day: The complete classification of the 18e stage of the Tour de France 2020

→ The general classification: Find the general classification of the Tour de France 2020

.

Daniel Martinez wins in the 13th stage

The chain of Puys, with the Puy Mary as the climax, smiled on Colombians and Slovenes on Friday September 11: the Slovenian yellow jersey Primoz Roglic and his compatriot Tadej Pogacar dominated their rivals at the end of the 13e act of this Grand Boucle, won by Colombian Daniel Martinez (Education First).

→ DOSSIER. Tour de France 2020: all the information to follow this 107e editing

In the general classification, the Slovenes occupy the first two places – with a 44 second advantage for Roglic over Pogacar – and are ahead of no less than four Colombians, Egan Bernal, Rigoberto Uran, Nairo Quintana and Miguel Angel Lopez. In difficulty in the final ascent (with passages at 15%), Egan Bernal, the defending champion, gave up more than thirty seconds to the Slovenian duo on the steep slopes rising towards the Auvergne volcano. He is now in third place, 59 seconds from the yellow jersey.

For the stage victory, Daniel Martinez (24) beat in the final two German riders of the Bora team, in order Lennard Kämna and Maximilian Schachmann. In one of the emblematic sites of Auvergne, the French for their part had a day without.

More French people in the Top 10

Up front all day, Julian Alaphilippe could not fight to the end for the victory. And in the group of favorites, Romain Bardet (4e overall at the start of the stage), handicapped by a fall, and Guillaume Martin let go in the penultimate climb.

→ COURSE. Tour de France 2020: the map of stages

On the line, the disbursement of Martin, who occupied the 3e up from Châtel-Guyon, amounted to 2 min 46 on Roglic. Bardet lost barely less (2 min 30) at Pas de Peyrol, the name of the Puy Mary road pass. The two French runners are at the same time relegated to the 11e and 12e places in the general classification, three minutes from Roglic.

→ READ. The 2020 Tour de France begins a crazy obstacle course

Saturday September 12, the 14e stage will link Clermont-Ferrand to Lyon on a route of 194 kilometers which includes a second category pass before the halfway point. Two small ribs dot the final before the finish judged on the banks of the Rhône.

—————————-

Rankings:

→ The results of the day: The complete classification of the 13e stage of the Tour de France 2020

→ The general classification: Find the general classification of the Tour de France 2020

.

From Airbnb to Idealista: what requirements does the law provide for the apartment that changes from tourist rental to habitual residence? | My rights

The pandemic has paralyzed the rental of tourist apartments. According to a study by Airdna (an analysis website specialized in Airbnb and Vrbo), between 70% and 90% of reservations made on both platforms for the months of March and April in cities around the world were canceled. Forecasts for the future are not much more optimistic. Another report, this time from the Spanish company Transparent calculates that, in the remainder of the year, Airbnb will be able to rent 25% of its homes at its best; at worst, the percentage will drop to 0.98%.

These figures have led many owners to abandon this type of platform and opt for others such as Idealista or Pisos.com, offering their houses for longer stays. The tourist rental has thus taken a leap to that of the season or, even, to that of the habitual residence.

But this change is not so simple. At least, from a legal point of view. Our law regulates properties differently depending on the purpose for which they are intended, and sets different obligations for the owner. Thus, the Law of Urban Leases (LAU) establishes that if the new use is rental of a habitual residence (that is, offering the house to be the tenant’s habitual and permanent address), “the minimum term of the rent will be one year , with the possibility of extending it up to five if the tenant so wishes, ”says Mercedes Ruiz-Rico, partner at Auren Abogados. Thus, even if the contract is foreseen for, for example, two years, the tenant can decide if he wants to continue living in the house for up to three more years, without the owner being able to refuse. If nothing is communicated, the extension is automatically carried out for one year.

During that time, the owner will not be able to modify any of the conditions stipulated in the contract (such as the price, the term, or from which part certain expenses are incurred). Another of the tenant’s rights is to be able to carry out adaptation reforms in the property if they have a disability, as well as the possibility of not paying rent if there are works that prevent living in the house. In addition, the law allows the tenant to leave the home unilaterally after the first six months of starting the contract.

On the other hand, the regulations require the owner “to deposit a deposit equivalent to a monthly rent before the competent Autonomous Administration,” recalls the lawyer, as well as deliver an energy efficiency certificate.

However, Ruiz-Rico recalls that the first step in changing the dwelling for tourist use to another modality consists of “presenting to the competent Administration a responsible declaration communicating the withdrawal of the regime of tourist use of the dwelling”. In regions such as Madrid, this process can be carried out in a on-line through the community website.

Seasonal housing

The second type of lease provided by law is seasonal. This modality is similar to that of tourist use, but it is planned for longer stays, such as renting a beach house for the summer months or an apartment for a student who moves to another city to take a course, for example. In this sense, Ignacio Para, a partner at Lean Abogados, explains that this type of contract does not provide for mandatory extensions, and both parties are obliged to fully comply with what is stipulated in the contract (length of stay, price, etc.).

However, to be eligible for seasonal rental, “there must be a reason that justifies that the tenant needs it for a limited time,” emphasizes the lawyer. The reason must be reflected in the contract in as much detail as possible. This nuance is essential, since, if there is no explanation, “it could be understood that it is a normal rental of a dwelling”, so the corresponding rights and obligations apply. Thus, in this scenario, the tenant would have the right to request an extension when the end date of the contract arrives, and could stay up to five years in the apartment “without the owner being able to refuse”, he warns.

The deposit in this case is at least two monthly installments, “although it can be modified by mutual agreement between the parties,” concludes Para.

The legal maze of tourist apartments

The regulation of rents is a historically complex matter, since it is usually the object of almost constant change by the legislator and requires close monitoring. However, in the case of housing for tourist use, the difficulty is even greater. And it is that the competence in this area corresponds to the Autonomous Communities, giving rise to a normative melting pot in which each region determines different obligations and requirements. Thus, for example, the duration of the lease of these properties will be that freely agreed by the parties, “but respecting the maximum terms that the regional regulations may provide in this regard,” explains Mercedes Ruiz-Rico, of Auren. In the event that it is not expressly provided, it could be understood that the maximum term must be less than one year

.

Economic data condemns the Ibex-35 to a negative close

The Ibex-35 fell 1.13% yesterday, to close at 6,671.7 points. Investors had reason to buy, such as the progression of de-limiting measures in the main affected countries, which can put a floor to economic contraction. Although Donald Trump confessed that the price of reopening in the United States may take the form of more deaths. That message could have clouded the session. Although there were other reasons to sell. Investors are aware of the damage caused by Covid-19, but yesterday they had two reminders. On the one hand, the gray forecasts of the European Commission for the economies of the community club. On the other, the report on the evolution of private sector employment in the US, which revealed that in April more than twenty million workers lost their jobs. With these numbers and the successive weekly unemployment reports, the American government is expected to publish a unemployment rate tomorrow that could be around 15%, from levels of 3.5% just two months ago.

In addition to these blows of reality on the socio-economic effects of the pandemic, which do not stop impacting because they are known, investors continue to be weighed by Trump’s insistence with China and the genesis of the pandemic there, as well as the tariff measures that could adopt, reviving the trade war.

The shadow that the German Constitutional Court extended by questioning and requesting explanations from the European Central Bank for its asset purchases also persists. And that the Eurobank tried to settle the dispute after holding an emergency meeting and that the market sees that it continues to act, given that the risk premium of Spain has continued to be embedded in the environment of 140 basic points in the last two days, although the Italian itself has been somewhat more sensitive (or less controllable), given that in the last two days it has expanded from 234 to 246 basis points.

On the business front, investors did not discriminate much: in the Ibex-35, only seven stocks were saved from the red, from very disparate sectors, although the best was Naturgy (2.03%). While the worst were ArcelorMittal, Amadeus, Ence and Bankinter, with falls of more than 3%.

Crude oil took a break yesterday after the previous rally: Brent and West Texas fell 6% to $ 29 and $ 23, respectively.

.

European leagues set to finish July 31

The main European leagues have promised this Wednesday to finish their national competitions on July 31, as the deadline, and so free the month of August for continental tournaments, as agreed in a telematic meetinga between UEFA, the employers’ associations of its associated federations and the Association of European Clubs (ECA).

However, They also decided to leave the weekends of August free in case any of the leagues cannot finish their tournament. of regularity before the end of July. During the week, the Champions League and Europa League are scheduled to take place and, as SER has advanced, it is not ruled out that the qualifiers from the quarterfinals can be played in a single match.

This Thursday a key meeting of the executive committee of the highest continent will take placel in which, a priori, the dates will be outlined and the delicate and controversial question about which teams in each federation will play in European competitions in the event that their leagues do not end due to the pandemic will be discussed.

The governing body of continental football, chaired by Slovenian Aleksander Ceferin, prefers that each country establish the criteria, but if there is no agreement, it will apply its ranking. The Spanish Federation has already announced that if the deadline set by UEFA arrives without the championship having ended, will respect the provisional classification of that moment.

With the criteria chosen by the delegated commission of the FEF, if it were not played again, Barcelona, ​​Real Madrid, Seville and Real Sociedad would be the Champions teams next year. But if the UEFA ranking, the San Sebastian team would stay out of the chosen group and Atlético would enter, currently classified along with the amazing Getafe in the Europa League area.

.

Can my company force me to take vacations during quarantine? No, but yes ‘invite me’ to do it | My rights

Companies are looking for solutions to avoid or, at least, mitigate the economic impact of the stoppage caused by the coronavirus crisis. However, to the ERTE (both suspension and reduction of working hours), to boost business on-line or to the reorganization of work are added other measures that may conflict with the rights of workers. It is the example of those companies that are forcing (or urging with some insistence) their staff to take vacations these days in order to maximize their performance once the alarm state ends. A practice, according to consulted labor professionals, that is multiplying these days. But is it legal? Can the employer force workers to consume their rest days now?

Specialists in labor law are forceful: they cannot be forced. “In principle, the company cannot force any of its staff to take vacations,” explains Joaquín Carlos Casanovas, a labor lawyer at Laboral Clic. This is stated in article 38.2 of the Workers’ Statute (ET), which establishes that vacations are an employee’s right and their enjoyment must be established by mutual agreement with the company. Likewise, the lawyer warns that this practice is not legitimate either “even if the management had negotiated this special solution with the workers’ representatives.”

The only exception, he adds, are the days of compulsory rest included in the collective agreement of the company or the sector (for example, summer periods in which the company closes), “in which case it could be imposed,” says the lawyer. .

What happens if the worker refuses? In this case, Casanovas points out that, in the absence of an agreement, the law allows the case to be brought before the courts. These disputes are resolved before the social jurisdiction, which provides for a specific modality to resolve conflicts related to vacations. In this scenario, the lawyer stresses that the worker would have to prove that he actually gave his refusal (in an email, for example), “regardless of whether he later enjoyed rest days.” In this case, the judge could later return to the employee the days he spent without his free consent.

In no case could the company “threaten” the worker with sanctions in case of not taking the vacation. If he had been fired, in fact, “it could be understood that fundamental worker rights are being violated, and the dismissal would be classified as null,” the lawyer said.

Request and no obligation

The economic difficulties have led many companies to send emails to the staff asking for “an effort” from everyone, raising the possibility of taking vacations to avoid an ERTE or layoffs. In other words, it is formulated as a request and not as a demand. This nuance is important. As Álvaro San Martín, a lawyer specialized in labor law at the Casadeley law firm, explains, this practice is a priori legitimate, since “the worker is not forced to do anything, there is no obligation to accept”.

Therefore, if the employee agrees voluntarily to consume his days off, it would be understood that there is a common agreement, “so he could not later challenge this decision in court,” warns San Martín.

Alternatives to vacations

Is there a plan b for workers who don’t want to spend vacations? The answer is complicated. San Martín comments that, in case of not wanting to consume their rest days, the employee could request telework in case the company maintains its activity and remote work is feasible. For Casanovas, another option would be to take advantage of an ERTE to reduce hours if the company is small, although this would entail a proportional reduction in his salary. As the attorney explains, small staff firms have more scope to perform an ERTE on a single worker.

For Casanovas, this solution is presented as the most viable. On the one hand, he explains, the company does not have to assume the full burden of the salary (it only pays the salary corresponding to the new day), while the rest is covered by the State Public Employment Service (SEPE). This would be a relief in the economic burden of the company “and even if the worker’s salary decreased, it would not do so as much as in a suspension ERTE”.

Working conditions, untouchable

Holidays are not the only armored rights. Other elements such as hours, workplace or salary can not be changed by the company these days. And, as Álvaro San Martín explains, these agents are part of the working conditions, so their modification requires prior negotiation with the unions. The same goes for restaurant tickets. As it is a salary in kind, the decision to eliminate it cannot be taken unilaterally. If they do, however, their amount must be paid in salary.

.