Updated January 18, 2021 at 11:30 a.m.
- At the height of the pandemic, Matteo Renzi’s party Italia Viva left the coalition in Rome.
- An extremely bad time, because Italy needs nothing more than an effective government to lead the country through the crisis.
- She also has to apply for EU aid money to tackle overdue reforms and finally set the course for the future.
To Corona crisis weddings has a party that Government coalition in Rome leave. A worse time is hardly conceivable. Because Italy needs nothing more urgently than a government capable of acting to apply for EU aid funds, to tackle overdue reforms and finally to set the course for the future.
The announced early Wednesday evening Small party Italia Viva (Iv) to their boss Matteo Renzi on government cooperation and withdrew their two ministers from the coalition. This was preceded by a dispute over the distribution of the EU-Fundthat Italy will receive as a result of the corona crisis.
Renzi, who at that time was still a member of the social democratic Partito Democratico (PD), was Prime Minister of Italy, accused the coalition partners of joining them Times of crisis Wanting to enforce decisions in an undemocratic way and not having a holistic plan for the future of the country. As a direct reason for the break, he cited the coalition’s refusal to all available EU loans to rehabilitate the Italian Health system to use, the shortcomings of which had become abundantly clear in the first Corona wave.
Depending on the position, Renzi’s criticism is either valid or as rigged power poker, in which he was only aiming for better offices for his party from the start. The fact is that Iv, who only got around three percent voter approval in polls, was in the headlines for weeks thanks to the dispute and so on disproportionately much attention could secure.
Italy faces major challenges in 2021
But now, after weeks of dispute, Italy is left without a government with a majority. A bad place to start from great challenges to tackle that are coming up this year – and that would have been difficult enough to master without the government crisis.
On the one hand there is this ongoing pandemicthat keeps the country in suspense: The contagion rates in Italy have increased after a harten Lockdown They recovered briefly over the holidays, but have been increasing again since mid-January. The corona death rate has been a weekly average of 8.4 deaths per day per million inhabitants for weeks on one alarmingly high level.
Also the economy laying on the floor. In spring 2020, Italy was the first country in Europe to go into the toughest lockdown and completely paralyzed its economy for weeks. The far-reaching negative effects, cannot yet be fully estimated because currently a Cancellation freeze protects workers. State aid are currently for large parts of the population in important industries such as the tourism and the Gastronomy the only source of income.
Italy threatens a lost generation
They are also a big problem school closings. In no other country did the students have to stay at home for so long because of the pandemic. And even at the moment, the government is still unable to organize an orderly return from the Christmas holidays to the classrooms.
Figures from the beginning of the year show that many schoolchildren are already suffering from the coronavirus Dropped out of school have: In a survey by the non-governmental organization, around a third of the students between 14 and 18 yearsSave the Children“at least one classmate has left school prematurely since the Corona outbreak.
But next to that acute crisis management it is above all setting the course for them future, for which Italy urgently needs a government capable of acting. Because by mid-February Rome has to present the European Commission the plan for the use of the EU funds that the country has received from the Corona Reconstruction Fund “Next Generation EU” to be entitled.
209 billion from the EU for urgent reforms
As the country that was hit first and one of the hardest by the first wave of the coronavirus, Italy is getting on board 209 billion euros most of the Record EU funding program. The billions from grants and loans are meant to serve the country greener and more digital close.
At the same time, Rome must be able to use the billions slow judiciary and his overcomplicated bureaucracy fundamentally reform. These areas paralyze the country for decades and keep the economy from picking up speed again. The difficulty will be to carry out the reforms without compromising the now extremely high one National debt get out of control.
It is nowhere near enough to restore the condition from before the Corona crisis. Because Italy has never managed to bring its economic performance back to the level at which it was before Euro crisis 2008 had been. Rather, the funds from “Next Generation EU” are Italy’s chance to have a real one Leap forward to do – but only if the government manages to use them sensibly.
Government crisis must not delay applications for EU funds
The first step has been taken, because before his withdrawal, Renzi’s party abstained from allowing the coalition to focus on the Use plan for the funds could agree. But now there has to be a stable government that votes on this plan in parliament and then in Brussels defended.
How this stable government will come about is so far unclear. The remaining coalition partners – the populist five star party and the social democratic PD – are now trying to get one alternative majority manufacture in parliament.
Because according to current polls, they would not only have to accept significant loss of votes in new elections, but also lose against the right-wing opposition parties, those of the Lega boss Matteo Salvini are listed.
A third possibility would be that one Expertenregierung at least temporarily takes over the business of government to steer Italy through these difficult times. This last happened after the euro crisis in 2011, when Mario Monti took over the government from Silvio Berlusconi.
- Our World in Data: Coronavirus
- Save the Children: School and Covid
The Italian government is broken. The reason was, among other things, a dispute between the coalition parties over the use of the EU billion aid for the corona crisis.