How is the ICE doing in an international comparison?

High-speed trains are now running in many countries. They differ significantly in terms of comfort, speed and punctuality. We give an overview from Germany to China. .

abandonment of Romain Bardet, victim of a concussion

Romain Bardet, the best French chance for the general classification after the fall of Thibaut Pinot in the first stage, had to abandon the Tour de France on Friday evening September 11, suffering from a concussion after falling in a downhill during the 13th step.

The Auvergnat runner took exams at the Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital after the finish of the race at Puy Mary (Cantal). He occupied 11th place in the general classification. “The fall was violent, downhill, and I struggled all day, declared Romain Bardet. The medical examinations confirmed what I had foreseen and I am not able to continue the race ”.

→ MAINTENANCE. Romain Bardet: “You have to go to the end of your abilities, then accept your destiny”

Second in the Tour in 2016 and third in 2017, Romain Bardet was the best French chance for the general classification after the fall of Thibaut Pinot in Nice. His retirement is the first of his career in the Tour de France in which he has participated every year since his first participation in 2013.

Date of resumption of competition according to the evolution

Winner of several mountain stages in previous years, he brought back the polka-dot jersey for the best climber last year on the Champs-Élysées. “Romain had a brain scan which did not reveal any lesion”, said Dr Eric Bouvat, doctor of the French team. However, it is necessary that he stops his sports activities. His date of resumption of competition will be defined according to the evolution ”.

→ COURSE. Tour de France 2020: the map of stages

The start of the 13e stage was given in Châtel-Guyon (Puy-de-Dôme), near his place of residence in the vicinity of Clermont-Ferrand. The arrival was judged at Puy Mary which he described on Friday morning as “A great spot”, “One of my favorite places”.

At the start of the race, he met his wife Amandine and his first child Angus, born during confinement, on the side of the road. “The legs are one thing, success is something else, he admitted before this step. It’s OK for now. But there is a part of fatality in this ”.

A fall of 65 km / hour

Romain Bardet fell at the 100th kilometer of the route of the 13e 191.5 km stage, at the same time as the Dutchman Bauke Mollema, soon forced to retire (fracture of the left wrist), and other riders including the Colombian Nairo Quintana. Stunned, his right hip raw, he got back on the bike to take his place in the peloton and finish the stage.

→ THE FACTS. Tour de France 2020: Daniel Martinez wins in the 13th stage

If he was left behind on the ramps of the last two climbs, the Frenchman managed to limit the loss of time in the general classification, falling from fourth to eleventh place, three minutes from the wearer of the yellow jersey, the Slovenian Primoz Roglic.

The fall occurred in a wide downhill curve, at a speed of 65 km / h according to the details he gave on arrival. “At this speed, it’s not a trivial fall”, had reacted in race his sports director Julien Jurdie.

“I was cursed today”

“It couldn’t be worse todaysaid the runner after the finish. I stumbled and hit my head. I struggled to find my senses instantly. I have severe pain in my right leg. I lost all my feelings in my fall, I was cursed today ”.

→ DOSSIER. Tour de France 2020: all the information to follow this 107e editing

Romain Bardet’s 8th Tour de France, his last under the colors of the AG2R La Mondiale team for which he has been racing since his debut, therefore ended prematurely. Next year, the native of Brioude (Haute-Loire) will run for the German team Sunweb.


Mali is in transition (

The demand of the West African community of states Ecowas has been met prima vista: a civilian should head the Malian transitional government. Only on this condition is Ecowas prepared to consider lifting the sanctions against the coup government that has been in office since August 18. Mali has had a civilian president since Friday. However, one with a military past. The 70-year-old Ba Ndaw is a retired colonel and last served as Minister of Defense in 2014. During this time he signed the military assistance agreement between Mali and France, which is still in force today, which is now likely to meet his international acceptance.

It is clear that it is not Ndaw, but the previous junta chief Assimi Goïta, who remains in power as the current vice president. The Vice-President is responsible for security, defense and the establishment of a new state, which is to lead to a new constitution and, ultimately, elections within 18 months.

It is not yet clear whether the Ecowas and France will be satisfied with the moves made by the military junta. There are, however, some reasons for this. France fears even more instability in the Sahel region. Paris has already been ready to make all sorts of compromises to the detriment of democratic standards in Mali or even to cooperate with the military regime in Chad in its fight against the Islamists. Nothing about that should change anytime soon. And the Ecowas should not fail to recognize that the coup was not least a reaction to the mass protests surrounding the opposition movement of June 5th and thus, if not legal, at least legitimate from the point of view of a large part of the population. Ecowas and France should give the transitional government and the start-up a chance. They cannot do more than fail either.


Daniel Martinez wins in the 13th stage

The chain of Puys, with the Puy Mary as the climax, smiled on Colombians and Slovenes on Friday September 11: the Slovenian yellow jersey Primoz Roglic and his compatriot Tadej Pogacar dominated their rivals at the end of the 13e act of this Grand Boucle, won by Colombian Daniel Martinez (Education First).

→ DOSSIER. Tour de France 2020: all the information to follow this 107e editing

In the general classification, the Slovenes occupy the first two places – with a 44 second advantage for Roglic over Pogacar – and are ahead of no less than four Colombians, Egan Bernal, Rigoberto Uran, Nairo Quintana and Miguel Angel Lopez. In difficulty in the final ascent (with passages at 15%), Egan Bernal, the defending champion, gave up more than thirty seconds to the Slovenian duo on the steep slopes rising towards the Auvergne volcano. He is now in third place, 59 seconds from the yellow jersey.

For the stage victory, Daniel Martinez (24) beat in the final two German riders of the Bora team, in order Lennard Kämna and Maximilian Schachmann. In one of the emblematic sites of Auvergne, the French for their part had a day without.

More French people in the Top 10

Up front all day, Julian Alaphilippe could not fight to the end for the victory. And in the group of favorites, Romain Bardet (4e overall at the start of the stage), handicapped by a fall, and Guillaume Martin let go in the penultimate climb.

→ COURSE. Tour de France 2020: the map of stages

On the line, the disbursement of Martin, who occupied the 3e up from Châtel-Guyon, amounted to 2 min 46 on Roglic. Bardet lost barely less (2 min 30) at Pas de Peyrol, the name of the Puy Mary road pass. The two French runners are at the same time relegated to the 11e and 12e places in the general classification, three minutes from Roglic.

→ READ. The 2020 Tour de France begins a crazy obstacle course

Saturday September 12, the 14e stage will link Clermont-Ferrand to Lyon on a route of 194 kilometers which includes a second category pass before the halfway point. Two small ribs dot the final before the finish judged on the banks of the Rhône.



→ The results of the day: The complete classification of the 13e stage of the Tour de France 2020

→ The general classification: Find the general classification of the Tour de France 2020


French rugby shaken by the custody of its president

Published on : Modified :

The president of the French Rugby Federation (FFR) Bernard Laporte blasted a “destabilization” in a letter to French clubs, broadcast on September 22, 2020 during his custody. This ex-Secretary of State for Sports is questioned by the financial police, like four other people, in a preliminary investigation into his alleged links with the Altrad group.

« Press campaign […] expertly orchestrated », « method […] revolting “: This September 22, 2020, Bernard Laporte does not have enough harsh words to qualify his placement in police custody in Paris by the financial police, as part of a preliminary investigation opened in 2017.” When justice mixes with politics, both weaken », Criticized the boss of the French Rugby Federation (FFR) in a letter to the clubs on Tuesday.

The former secretary of state for sports (2007-2009) refers to the election of the president of the FFR, scheduled for October 3, and during which Bernard Laporte intends to run for his own succession. ” 10 days before a crucial deadline for our Federation, a coordinated campaign of destabilization falls on French rugby », He assures.

A suspicious intervention in 2017

The former coach of the XV of France (1999-2007) is at the heart of a scandal that has shaken French rugby for three years. Bernard Laporte is suspected of having favored Montpellier Hérault Rugby (MHR), a club whose owner is businessman Mohed Altrad, by intervening with the FFR’s appeal committee to reduce the sanctions against the MHR , end of June 2017. However, the Altrad group is one of the major backers of French rugby and the French team.

The boss of this group specializing in building materials was also taken into police custody by the financial police, as was Claude Atcher, the boss of the Organizing Committee for a 2023 World Cup scheduled in France, and two senior officials of the Federation, Serge Simon and Nicolas Hourquet.

« Unworthy of the justice of a country like France »

Bernard Laporte has always defended himself from any intervention in favor of Montpellier, even if he admitted to having telephoned the chairman of the commission, Jean-Daniel Simonet. Inspectors general of the Ministry of Sports, however, established in a report sent to justice that the decisions of the commission were “modified”, between June 29 and 30, 2017, a schedule that corresponds to this phone call. Initially, the appeal committee would have decided to confirm the sanctions pronounced by the National Rugby League (LNR) against the MHR, a 70,000 euros fine and a game behind closed doors, before going to 20,000 euros fine and a stay of the game behind closed doors.

Sunday Newspaper also uncovered the existence of a contract between BL Communication, a company managed by Bernard Laporte, and Altrad Investment Authority, for an amount of 150,000 euros.

This September 22, Bernard Laporte once again defended his probity with force. What he also questions in this case is the timing of his custody. ” I am very respectful of the work of justice and I have been asking for months that this file be completed as quickly as possible., said the person concerned in his press release. The Prosecutor’s numerous refusals concerning the postponement of this hearing are unworthy of the justice of a country like France, he concludes, targeting his alleged persecutors. I disturb the professional world [du rugby, Ndlr], which I forced to contribute jointly to the amateur world, and who would very much like to see me fall in favor of a more malleable team, not to say servile ».

(With AFP)


The 2020 Tour de France begins a crazy obstacle course

Well there we are. The Tour de France at the foot of the mountain. This terrible third week which in fact begins before the end of the second. Hell is for now, or at least purgatory, this Friday, September 11, between Chatel-Guyon and Puy Mary, with a thirteenth stage not entirely lucky. The black cat is likely to hang around these five passages at more than 1000 meters, with a final to bristle the hair on the slopes more than 10% of the Col de Neronne, more than 15% at the end of the ascent. .

→ ANALYSIS. Tour de France, still very high and very fast

In 2004, Richard Virenque took control of the stage in this climb to win solo at Saint-Flour, seizing his seventh polka-dot jersey and becoming the 24e French rider to triumph on July 14. Suffice to say that a climber could experience the same flonflons this Friday. Or just after, because it starts again and it lasts, with the fourteenth leg breaker on Saturday through the mountains of Forez and Lyonnais, and especially the fifteenth, Sunday, with very severe from the hundredth kilometer.

Let us judge: the unique Col de la Biche which is not really famous for its soft eyes, and the Grand Colombier, surveyed on two sides, which is not for nothing called the “Giant of the Jura”.

The insidious threat of Covid-19

And these are just appetizers. Question: before the rest day, will the champions want to work them? This is not sure at all, especially since they have to deal with another ordeal: the horrifying suspense concerning their Covid tests. They will again lend their noses to the swab, and wait in anguish for long hours.

With the risk that everything suddenly collapses, exclusion striking in the event of double positivity in a team, a single sufficient in four of those who have already known a patient (Ineos-Grenadiers, Cofidis, AG2R La Mondiale and Michelton-Scott) .

Four of the first eight in the general classification – Egan Bernal (2e), Guillaume Martin (3e), Romain Bardet (4e) et Adam Yates (8e) – standing in just over a minute, so pedal on a wire. What is the point of forcing their talent if the pandemic catches up with them in extremis? “This virus is a blanket of lead over our heads”, deplores Vincent Lavenu, the boss of AG2R training. The virus in fact adds a parameter to the waiting strategies and pushes even more to preserve its flame. How many will they be, the cadors, at the rendezvous of the final bouquet?

The fireworks resumes in any case from Tuesday, September 15 with a blinding explosion expected on the peaks. Not necessarily with the first rocket at Villard-de-Lans, but most certainly with the second the next day on the Col de la Loze. “We are all very afraid of this stage with this arrival at an infernal altitude”, recognizes Cédric Vasseur, the manager of Cofidis. At more than 2,300 m, runners will seek their breath. Strategists are already retaining theirs. Certain that failures can appear there, and big gaps widen.

The ability to withstand the test

“How will the organizations react which have only supported this year much more modest workloads than during the usual seasons?”, asks Jacky Maillot, the doctor of Groupama FDJ. It is on this type of stage and on this terrible week that the answers to all the questions we have been asking ourselves since the start of the event will fall ”.

The Jumbo-Visma of the yellow jersey Primoz Roglic and the Ineos of Egan Bernal certainly display impressive collective power, but the list of contenders for the coronation is as long as ever. “The level this year is super high”, recently summed up Warren Barguil, the climber-teammate of the Colombian Nairo Quintana who has not given up on making powder speak. Except that nobody really knows how the favorites will hold the shock if the firecrackers ignite by then in all directions to erode their certainties.

After the Col de la Loze, there is still some left to shake up the peloton. The sawtooth of the eighteenth stage towards La Roche-sur-Foron with a grueling Glières plateau to further destroy the morale of the troops. And then this Planche des belles filles and its last six kilometers as steep as justice, against the clock and the ultimate justice of the peace if the game has not yet been decided.

It would be the devil, after all these summits deployed, that this Tour 2020 boils down to a stroke on the clock, even though the exercise does not fascinate many people. But don’t we say that the devil is sometimes hiding in the details? So…


the exceptional coronation of the young Slovenian prodigy Tadej Pogacar

Published on : Modified :

After his demonstration on the time trial on Saturday, Slovenian Tadej Pogacar officially won the Tour de France 2020 at the end of the 21st and final stage, Sunday, September 20. At the dawn of his 22 years, he is the youngest winner of the Grande Boucle since 1904. And like the great Eddy Merckx in 1972, he offers himself three jerseys, including of course the yellow jersey.

This Tour de France 2020 will be remembered for several reasons. There is already this context of the coronavirus pandemic, which has prompted the organizer to postpone this edition by two months and to introduce strict health measures for all. And then, this Grande Boucle will be remembered for its breathtaking final, which sees Tadej Pogacar winning this Sunday, September 20 on the Champs-Élysées.

The winner of the 21st and final stage, between Mantes-la-Jolie and Paris, is called Sam Bennett, stronger in the final sprint. But on the road to the capital, all eyes were on the UAE Team Emirates prodigy. All dressed in yellow, Tadej Pogacar savored the fruit of his feat achieved on Saturday.

The incredible feat of the penultimate stage

After the victory of Egan Bernal in 2019 (the Colombian, behind and in poor shape, gave up before the 17th stage this year), the yellow jersey seemed promised to another Slovenian: Primoz Roglic. Well installed in the lead and supported by his Jumbo-Visma team, the former ski jumper has been leading the way since the 9th stage. But on Saturday, on the last time trial, the leader exploded against the feat of his compatriot Tadej Pogacar.

Exceptional, the native of Komenda engulfed everyone during the penultimate stage. Second in the general classification with 57 seconds behind Roglic, Pogacar closed this gap to take the lead and push the now ex-leader 59 seconds behind him at the end of the race. A completely crazy scenario, worthy of the Greg LeMond-Laurent Fignon duel on the last day of the Tour de France 1989. Livid, annoyed, Primoz Roglic could not do anything and recognized the superiority of his young rival: ” Tadej was much better than me. (…) He deserves his victory, congratulations to him. »

Slovenian Tadej Pogacar, September 20, 2020, the day of his victory in the Tour de France. Benoît Tessier / Reuters

“I’m just a kid from Slovenia”

For Tadej Pogacar, it is a ” absolute dream Which materializes. For his first participation in the Tour de France, the Slovenian wins. The world of cycling is perhaps witnessing the birth of a phenomenon. A monster of precocity, the young man, winner of three stages, enters the history of the Tour. Monday September 21, he will celebrate his 22nd birthday. Winner at 21 years and 364 days, he is the youngest winner of the post-war period, almost making us forget the Egan Bernal show last year (winner at 22 years and 196 days). Only one man did better than Tadej Pogacar: the French Henri Cornet, crowned ten days before his 20th birthday… in 1904!

« Things will change, but I want to stay the same, train and run with the same mindset. We have to keep up the good work of the team, stay humble and continue to give our best in the next races. I’m just a kid from Slovenia with two sisters and a brother. I like to have fun, appreciate life in its little things », Declared Tadej Pogacar on Saturday at a press conference. A simplicity and timidity that stand out with his exceptional Tour de France 2020.

Slovenian Tadej Pogacar celebrates his victory in the Tour de France 2020 on September 20, 2020.
Slovenian Tadej Pogacar celebrates his victory in the Tour de France 2020 on September 20, 2020. Benoît Tessier / Reuters

He equals Eddy Merckx, who describes him as “a very big one”

Because Tadej Pogacar will not return to Slovenia with the yellow jersey only. The champion also won the best climber’s red polka-dot jersey and the best youngster’s white jersey (the green jersey for the points classification winner goes to Irishman Sam Bennett). Three out of four jerseys is unheard of since 1969 and Eddy Merckx (yellow jersey, polka dot jersey and green jersey).

In the columns of The team, the Belgian “Cannibal” has scratched the discomfiture of the Jumbo-Visma team and above all entrusted all the good he thinks of Tadej Pogacar, whom he saw ” come as big as a house »His feat achieved on the time trial. ” Since his third place in the Tour of Spain last year, I know it’s a very big one. You can’t do such numbers on a Grand Tour from three weeks to 20 years old without having the talent that goes with it. », Assures Merckx. The future looks bright for Slovenian cycling, led by a little prodigy by the name of Tadej Pogacar.


Marc Hirschi solo winner of stage 12

The young Swiss Marc Hirschi, 22, ended up touching the goal in the 12e stage of the Tour de France, which he took away alone, on Thursday in Sarran (Corrèze). Slovenian Primoz Roglic (Jumbo Visma) retained the yellow jersey after this rugged stage but with no consequences at the top of the standings.

→ DOSSIER. Tour de France 2020: all the information to follow this 107e editing

Hirschi, who is racing the Tour for the first time in the jersey of the Sunweb team, beat the Frenchman Pierre Rolland by around 50 seconds, in the vanguard of a pursuit group set by the Dane Soeren Kragh Andersen, a teammate of the Swiss, who takes third place.

Having come close to victory twice since leaving Nice, Hirschi won this time by attacking 28 kilometers from the finish, in the ascent of Suc au May, a severe hill overlooking the Monédières massif. 2018 world champion hopes, the Swiss lost to Julian Alaphilippe at the finish of the second stage in Nice. He had also come close to success last Sunday in the second Pyrenean stage, in Laruns, where he was picked up as the finish approached (3e).

4,400 vertical meters on Friday

The last success of a Swiss rider in the Tour was in 2012, when Fabian Cancellara, a neighbor of Hirschi, won the opening time trial in Liège (Belgium). In Sarran, the peloton, with the favorites, arrived more than two minutes late.

→ COURSE. Tour de France 2020: the map of stages

Friday, the 13the stage, between Châtel-Guyon (Puy-de-Dôme) and Puy Mary (Cantal), presents the most important vertical drop of this edition, 4,400 meters, over the 191.5 kilometers. Seven climbs appear on the route which ends with the climb to Pas de Peyrol, very steep in its final part and classified in the first category.



→ The results of the day: The complete classification of the 12e stage of the Tour de France 2020

→ The general classification: Find the general classification of the Tour de France 2020


Raymond Poulidor, a tribute to the timeless champion

He’s not here anymore. Absent his helmet of silvery hair, his benevolent smile, his little phrases about the race that were collected in spades, his poses for the photo with his many admirers. Raymond Poulidor is missing from the Tour de France.

For the first time since 1962, the year of his first participation as a runner, he who after the end of his career in 1977 made a point of being part of the furniture until the end, this 2019 edition, a few months before his death on November 13, at age 83.

→ CHRONICLE. Raymond Poulidor, the man of the Tour de France

Raymond Poulidor is no longer there so the Tour recalls his fond memories by passing in front of his home, this Thursday, September 10, kilometer 114 of the twelfth stage, in the heart of Haute-Vienne in Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat.

The small city of his childhood, and his home port of always, 4,800 inhabitants today, a good part of whom jostled at his funeral last year for a final emotional tribute to their “Poupou”. Poulidor the popular, a love rating resistant to the wear of time, for the retiree as for the champion, a singular phenomenon.

A love rating that resists time

He himself, the kind Raymond, could not believe these endlessly renewed displays of affection. What is the persistence of this affair? Nostalgia for the good old days? National attraction for magnificent losers, always less suspect than “winners” of all stripes?

“What is fascinating with Poulidor is this timeless side, comments the former journalist of The team Philippe Bouvet, who has just published Our Poulidor years, more than an umpteenth biography of the man, a dive into an era. The love of “Poupou” lasts, is transmitted from one generation to the next, and is perpetuated in kids who did not know him as a runner but maintain his notoriety. “

The embodiment of rurality

Poulidor is in fact the solid guy from the Limousin countryside, the son of a peasant who knows what to work means, arrived on the Tour quite late, at 26, but immediately on the podium (third) and for long time.

It is very quickly made the embodiment of rurality, of tradition against the modern Jacques Anquetil. A classic opposition overplayed by the gazettes, and a role in which Raymond slips without barguigner, always composing with fate, even the opposite. Poulidor became “Poupou” in the 1960s, an attendant on the Grande Boucle in the places of honor, even managing to never don the yellow jersey. In fourteen participations until 1976, it had to be done!

→ DOCUMENT. Funeral of Raymond Poulidor, this champion “remained humble and simple”

Antoine Blondin evokes “The champion of postponing until tomorrow”, often overwhelmed by bad luck but applying to relativize, the sympathetic second, it is necessary to have one. “We feel sorry for him, maybe more than him, writes Philippe Bouvet. His repeated shit echoes what little people have the impression of going through every day. Somehow, it doesn’t just happen to us and it reassures us. “ Is it there that we must look for it, the news of Poulidor, the champion of what we called then ” Deep France “ and which returns today in the speeches on ” the territories “ ?

“A cycling of man-to-man fights”

“I had thought of revolving around this idea of ​​a Poulidor who had never worn the yellow tunic but could wear the yellow vest, laughs Philippe Bouvet. But Poulidor was not a rebel, which some moreover reproached him for. On the other hand, it did represent the common sense that we attribute today to the famous “territories”. There is something Poulidor in Prime Minister Jean Castex, and perhaps that is why he was chosen: because we know that he will be able to be content with being a second. “

→ THE FACTS. Winners of the Tour de France: the winners of the Grande Boucle

The permanence of the myth is not only sociological or dependent on a comeback of the 1950s and 1960s which has been added to the blockage for some time in the 1980s. The sporting dimension is obviously important, Poulidor personifying the obstinate runner and catchy, generous solitary giving the book on the job until its 40 years.

“An age that spoke much more then than today, notes Philippe Bouvet. Before, at 40, we were old. But Poulidor, it was the cycling of man-to-man fights, with Anquetil, then Merckx, duels that got lost, in favor of more complex racing strategies that made the public less vibrate. “

Who to take over, within the current peloton? Thibaut Pinot could carry the suitcase of bad luck, Romain Bardet take the wheel of broken promises. “Julian Alaphilippe perhaps induces feelings which are similar to those aroused by Poulidor”, suggests Philippe Bouvet. But what good, since everyone agrees: “Poupou”, there is only one, and forever.


The magnificent fake loser

He wasn’t winning, Raymond Poulidor? Certainly, on the Tour de France, victory has always escaped him, he who rather than eternal second (in 1964, 1965 and 1974) was often third (in 1962, 1966, 1969, 1972 and 1976). But on his record, we still find great successes, and not the least.

The Tour of Spain in 1964, Milan-San Remo in 1961, La Flèche wallonne in 1963, Paris-Nice twice (1972 and 1973) as well as the Critérium du Dauphiné (1966 and 1969). The criteriums were, moreover, his main field of expression. He skimmed them, and there are 117 successful wins.


Suspicion of dengue death for a schoolgirl from La Trinité – all the news from Martinique on the Internet

Web writing (with HS and JMA)
Friday September 25, 2020 – 5:28 p.m.

A 4th year college student from the Rose Saint-Juste de Trinité college died on Monday (September 21). She had left the establishment three days earlier due to the onset of severe headaches.

A case of dengue fever could have caused the death of a 4th year college student, educated at the Rose Saint-Juste college in Trinité. Last Friday (September 18), she left the facility following a severe headache.
Three days later, she had to be transported to La Trinité hospital. Her serious condition required her to be transported by helicopter to the Maison de la Femme de la Mère et de l’Enfant, but she did not survive.

No communication from the ARS

A first diagnosis made would state a hemorrhagic dengue. But, at this stage, the Regional Health Agency is not communicating on this case.
No more than the Rectorate which set up since Thursday a listening cell with social assistance and a nurse.
The ARS and the CTM disinfection teams must intervene with the college, which suffered an invasion of mosquitoes. This could in particular be linked to the canal alongside the establishment.